Текст
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Ta6nHIta 4 OpraHOnenTlI'IecKHe H q,H3HKO-XHMH'IeCKHe nOKa38TeJlH conOAa npOAOn)l(ClIlIe Ta6n. 4 H8HMeHOBBHHe nOK838Teneii BI<}"c 3anax UoeT MaecoBaR )10nH Bnarll. %. HC 60nee; conOAa B eJJLlX 3epHax conOnaroHKOpa3MonoTOro KpyUHOCTb 'UOMl>na Conona rOHKopa3' MOJIOTOro 3f<CTpaKTHBHOCTb conona iI lIepCC'ICTC Ha cyxoe BC1.IteCTBO, % Mac. HC MeHce: IIpll onpe)1CneHHH MCT0)10M XO- nOJ1}lOro 3KCTparHpOBaHHR (3KcTpa'Kt BbITRJKKlI) npH onpe)1cnCIIHH MeT0)10M 'roo pH'IerO 3KCTparn,pOBaHlIH (3KCTpaKT ocaXapHBaIlHR) npH onpC)1CJlCHHH MeT0)10M ro- pR'Iero 3l<CTparllpOBaHlI5I C BbI- Il'JlJKI<Oil1l3 R'IMeHHoro conO)1a (3I<CTpaI<T ocaxapHBaHlIR) npo)10nJKlITenbHOCTb ocaxapllBaHHR. MHH. He 60nce KHcnOTHOCTb. MJI I H paCTBopa ll(eno- 'Ill Ha 100 I' cyxoro conona: npH olIpe,o;enCHHlI MCTOllOM ro- pR'Icro 3KCTparnpOBaHHR, He 60ncc 11 pH 'onpe)1eneHlIH MeTOnOM XO- JIOAHOro 3KCTparHpOBaHH5I, He -MCHce UilCTHOCTb cono)1a, Mn I ,H paCTBopa !tona Ha 100 I' cyxoro conOAa: npH olIpC)1CnClilIH MCT0)10M 1'0- pR'IerO 3KCTparHpoBaHlIR. HC McHec npll onpC)1CJlellHH MCT0)10M xo- nOAHom 3KCTparHpOBaHlI5I 14 cllePMeKTHpOBamlOro conOAa H8HMeHOBBHHC nOK838Teneii XapaKTcpHCTHK8 Hecl>epMeHTHpOB8H_ HOro 'cono,tt8 XapaxTepHCTHK8 , cl>epMeHTHpoBBHHoro conoAa Cna,o;KOBaTb1fi CBoill.'TBeHfl'b1R AllH- HOMy BIIAY cono)1a, 6e3 3anaXa McceHII II rnnnH CBCTnl>-)I(e1!TbI!t c ce- pOBaTblM OTTe'HKBM HecI>epMeHTlIpOB8H- Horo conoA8 1<Hcno-cnanKHII, npH- '6nJi)l(atoliIHficJI K iI'KY- cy P)l(aIJoro XIIe6a, '6e3 rOpbKoro" npHro- penoro H nocTopoHHe- TO npHBKyca nOCTOpOHHHe npHMecH: MCTannolIpHMcCH BCJllI'IlIHOIi OT- I1cnbHbIx 'laCTHIt He 6onblI1e 0,3 MM, Mr Ha 1 Kr. HC 60nec nCCOK 3apa)f(eHHOCTb aM6apHbtMH BpelJ,HTCIUI- MH He )10IIYCKaeTCR Hc nony,cKacTcH, 3.0 3.0 1.6. COnO,Lt H'IMEHHLIO Or KOpH'IHCBOro )10 TCMHo-5YVOFO 'C 1<pac- FlOBaTLlM OITCHKOM Conop; IIHBoBapeHHbIH HqMeHHbIU (OCT 18-305-77) no cnoco6y npH- rOTOBneHHH p;emnCH Ha p;Ba nma: 06bI'lHbIH conop; (cBeTflbIH 11 TeMHhIH) 11 CneIUlaJIbHbIH (KapaMenbHbIH 11 >IOKeHKa IIHBoBapeHHaR). B xne60neKapHoH npoMblumeHHocrn: 1Icnonb3YlOT 06bI'lHbIH conop; (cBeTnbIH 11 TeMHbIH), KOTOpbIH no Ka1leCTBY p;omKeH COOTBerCTBOBaTb Tpe60BaH1IHM, YKa3aHHbIM B TaM. 5. 8,0 8,0 10.0 10.0 npOXO)1 Ge3'oCTaTKa ''Iepc3 CHTO N-1 085 80,0 25 17.0 5,0 48,0 Ta6nllua 5 OpraHOnenTlI'ICCKHe H q,H3HKO-XIIMH'ICCKHe nOKa3aTeJlH conona nllBoBapcHHoro, H'IMCHHoro o6bI'lHoro 85.0 HOPMbI AIDI THnOB conOAa J1oK83aTeJIH K8'1eCTB8 cBCTnoro TCMHOrO I KnaCC8 II Icnacca BHClI1HlIH BM 'IIICTbIil, 6e,3 npllMeccH pOCTI<OB, nneCHCBcnwx 3e- peH, 3CpHOBbIX BpCAlITCJlcii PaBHOMCpHbIil OT CBCTnQ-)I(CJlTOFO 110 )l(enTOrO; HC 11 0n ycKaIOTCH TOHa 3cneHOBaTbie II TeMHbIe, oGy- CJlOBneHHbIe nJiCCeHbIO COn0)10BbLH, 'IlICTbIII, 60nec cHnbHblfi y TeMHoro conolJ,a. He lJ,OnYCl<aCTCH KlICJlblil, nneCHeBcnblil II )1pyrnc IIOCTOpOHHlIe 3alIaXll XapaKTcpHbIfi, cononOBbltl, cna,o;KoBaTbiil; HC 1J.0- nycl<aCTCR KlIcnoBaTbIfi H ropbl<lIfi IJ;BCT 35;0 3anax BKYC 10- 20 npOX0)1'1CPC3 CIITO 2,2X2 MM, %, HC OOnce 8,0 5.0 8,0 IS 
npO,QOJl)l(CHHC T3Gn, 5 HbI 3arpH3IIHTb caxap 1<0CTpoii IDm BOpCOM If HMCTb nOCTOpOHIDIH 3anax; caxap HC n;on)J(cH npoCbIITanCH 'lCpC3 Tl<aHb If llIBbI MCllII<OB; B Tl<aHCBbIC MCllll<H C BKnan;bIIll3MIf: nOnH3TID1CHOBbIMH TOmlUfHoH HC 60nce 0,100 MM, pa3McpoM 109X X59 CM no fOCT 19360-74; 6YMa)J(HbIMH TpexcnoHHbIMH Cl<nCCHHbIMH OTKpbITbIMH MapKH HM, pa3McpoM 92X60 CM no fOCT 2226-75. Caxap nplfMcHHlOT B BHAe npo(lmnbTpoBaHHoro pacTBopa. Cnen;yeT oTMeTHTb, 'ITO caxapHbIH paCTBop npH nnOTHOCTH 1,23 H TeM- nepaTYpe 38° C Ha'lI1HaCT BbIKpIfCT3nnIf30BbIBaTbCH. J],nH npCn;OTB paw:cHHH :noro B paCTBOp n;06aBnHlOT nOBapeHHYIO conb (2,5% I< Macce caxapa). KOM6HIDIpoBaHHbIe caxapo-coneBble pacTBopbI BbIn;ep)!(IfBaIOT WlHTeJIbHOe xpaHeHHe, HC I<pHCT3nnH3YIOTcH npH ncpeMcllllfBaHIfH, ncpeKa'IKe H CHH:>KC- Hllli TeMncpaTypbI n;o 17° C. IIpH Hc06xoJJ;HMOCTH COKpaw:cHIfH pacxoJJ;a BOJJ;bI Ha TeXHOnOrlf'leCKHe HY)I(J:U>I caxap-necoK mIll caxap-cblpel.\ pacTBopHIOT B HaTypanbHoH Mon01l- HOH CbIDopoTl<e. PacTBopcHHC caxaa B MOnO'lIWH CbIBopoTKe ocyw:ecTB- nHeTCH npH TCMncpaTYpc 01' 8 JJ;O 70 C B caxapopaCTBopHTcnHX IfnH B eMI<O- CTJlX H3 HCp)!(aBCIOIl.\CH CTaJIH, cHa6)J(CHHbIX MelllanKOH. KOHI.\CHTpa!.(HH ca- xapa B paC-TBOpe CbIBOpOTKIf 45-65%. COJJ;cp:>KaHlfe caxapa B eJJ;HHHL(C 061>- CMa HnH MaCCbI onpeJJ;cnHCTCH, HCXOJJ;H H3 nnOTHOCTH paCTBopa, no Ta6JIHl.\e (IIj'ID1o>KCIDIC 7). B npoH3BoJJ;CTBCHHbIX ycnoBIfHX (npH TeMnepaTYpe 25- 35 C) xpaHIfTb paCTBopbI pCKOMCHJJ;YCTCH HC 60nce 1-2 CYTOK. Caxap )!(IfAKHH (OCT 18-170-85) nOCTaBnHCTCJI 3aBOJJ;OM-H3roTO- BHTeneM. B nHw:cBoH npOMbIlllJ1CHHOCTH caxap )!(IfJJ;I<IfH npHMeHJlIOT BbICllle" (06CCL(Be'lCHHbIH aJJ;cop6cHTaMH) H ncpBoH (O'lI1Il.\CHHbIH C nOMOll.\bIO <pHnbT- pyroll.\HX nopolllKoB) KaTcropHii. }l(uJJ;I<HH caxap JJ;on:>KCH 6bITb np03pa'lHbIM, cnaJJ;KHM Ha BKyC, 6e3 no- CTOpoHIDIX npHBI<YCOB H 3anaxoB, no I.\BCTY - cBCTnO-:>KCnTbIM, C Macco- BO" AOne" caxap03bI HC MCHCC 99,80% (BbIClllCH l<aTCroplm), 99,55% (nep- BOH KaTcropHH) H MaCCOBoH JJ;oncH CYXHX BCW:CCTB HC MCHce 64%. Mcnonb30BaHHc )!(IfJJ;Koro caxapa Ha xnc60ncKapHbIx npcJJ;npHJlTHRX BeAYT B COOTBeTCTBHH C peKoMcHJJ;aIJ,J1HMH no npHcMY, xpaHcHHIO H nepe- pa60TKc caxapa >KJ1JJ;l<oro Ha xne60nCI<apHbIX npeJJ;npHHTIfJlX (YTBep)f{,[\e- HHH 18.09.79). Caxap-cblpel.\ HBnHeTCJI HMnopTHbIM cblpLeM, cro l<a'lCCTBO xapaKTe- PH3YCTCH B cOnpOBOAHTCnbHoM JJ;OKYMCHTC. ITOl<a3aTeJIH l<a'leCTBa onpcJJ;c- nJlIOTCJlI<OHTpaKTHblMH ycnoBHHMH nOCTaBKIf. ITaTOKY KpaXM3nbHYlO (fOCT 5194-68) BbIpa6aTbIBalOT TpCX BHJJ;OB: KapaMenbHYIO, KapaMenbHYIO IDI3KoocaxapeHHyIO (KH) If rJIIOK03HYIO BbICO- KoocaxapeHHYIO (fB). KapaMcnbHYIo naTOKY BbIITycKaIOT 2-x COpTOB _ BbIClllcro (KB) H ncpBoro (Kl). IIaTOKY JJ;OCTaBnHlOT B JJ;CpCBHHHbIX 60'lKax no fOCT 8777-80£ HnH MCTannWICCl<lfX 60'lKax, a TaK:>KC B IJ,J1CTepHax 11 XpaHJlT B npoxna.o;HoM Mecrc. I10I<a3aTCJIH I<aqeCTBa B TOM 'IlIcne coplloil npHMCClI, % KOnH'ICCTBO 3epeH, %: MY'IHlICTbIX, HC MCHCC CTCI<JIOBlI11HI,[X, He 60Jlcc TCMHI,[X, HC 60nec Bna)l(1I0CTx" %..HC 60Jlee 3KCTpaI<TlIBHOCTX, Ha cy xoc BCll(e- CTBO, %, HC MCHCC npO,QOJl)l(HTCJ1hHOCTb ocaxapllBaHlI5I, MlIH, HC 60Jlcc UBCTHOCTb, MJI 0,1 H p-pa fio,o;a Ha 100 MJI B011bl, He 60nec fla60paTopHoe cYCJ1o: np03pa'IHOCTb KHCJlOTIiOCTL, Mn 1 II p-pa Il.lCJIO'lll Ha 100 Mn cycna HOPMbI nnR nmOD cono,Qa CBeTnoro I TeMHoro I I<nacca II Knacca 0,3 0,5 0,3 80,0 80,0 90,0 5,0 10,0 5,0 He 110nycl<a- 4.0 10,0 eTCH 5.0 6,0 5,0 77,5 75,0 74,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 0,20 0,40 0,5-1,3 np03pa'l/IOC L\onYCKaCTCH onaJi np03pa'lHOC 0,9-1,3 0.9-1,3 He HOpMlIpy- CTC5I 113MCnb'leHHbIH conoJJ;, oTnycKacMbIH Ha npOH3BoJJ;CTBO, npoccl1BaIOT 'lCpe3 npOBOnO'lHoc CHTO N° 3,5 -4,0 (no TY 144-1374-86) 11 nponycKalOT 1ICpe3 MarIDITHbIC ynoBHTenH. 1.7. CAXAPOCO.QEP)KAII!HE npO.QYI<TbI Caxap-nCCOK (fOCT 21-78) - nHw:eBoll npoJJ;YKT, npeJJ;CraBnHlOllIHH C060H caxap03Y B BHJJ;e orAcnbHbIX KpHCT3nJIOB. Caxap-nccoK JJ;on:>KCH HMen cnaJJ;I<IfH BKYC, 6e3 nocTopoHHHX nplfBKYCOB H 3anaXOB. 31'0 cbmy- 'II1H npoAYKT, 6e3 KOMKOB, 6enoro C 6necKoM I.\BeTa. J],nH npOMbIlllJ1eHHoii ncpcpa60rKIf JJ;onYCKaCrCJI caxap-necoK C MaccO- BOH JJ;oneH Bnarl! HC 60ncc 0,15% H MacCOBoH JJ;oncii caxapo 3 bI HC MCHCC 99,55%, HMClOll.\HH I.\BCTHOCTb JJ;O 1,5 eJJ;. MCTannonpHMeccH JJ;onycKacTcH HC 60nce 3 Mr Ha 1 Kr caxapa C pa3- MepaMH HC 60nce 0,3 MM B Half60nblllcM nHHcHHoM H3MCpCHHI1. Ha xnc603aBoJJ;bI caxap-necoK nocTynacT B MCllll<ax. Caxap-necol< JJ;on:>KCH 6blTb ynaKoBaH: \ B HOBbie MClllKIf no fOCT 8516-78 Hnn 6bIBlllHe B ynorpe6nciI11H 'II1CTble rKaHCBbIe MelllKIf ncpBoH If BTOpOH KarcropHH. MClllKH He Aon)J(- 16 17 
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B xnc60ncKapHoH npOMhIIIIJICHHOCTH npHMcHHJOT )l(HphI: xnc60ncKapHbII1 - )l(Hp )[(li.n;KHI1 .n;nH xnc60ncKapHoii npOMbIIIIJICHHO- cnI; KYJIHHapHbII1 ,,<PPHTJOPHbIH", cano paCTHTeJIbHOC, "YKpaHHCKHI1", .,Bcno PYCCKIfI1" . }KHP )[(liII;KIDI xnc60ncKapHhII1 npH TCMncpaTYpe 18° C HMcn O.n;HO- po.n;HYW no.n;BH)l(HYW KOHCHCTCHUHJO, l(BCT - CBCTJIO-)!(CJITbII1, )J.JIH HcoKpa- mCHHoro - OT cBcTno-KpeMoBoro .n;o KpeMoBoro, oKpaCKa paBHoMcpHaH no Bccn Maccc; BKYC - 'lliCTbIH, cBoiicTBCHHhIii 0OO3nHtJcHHOM}' )[(liPY, 6C3 nOCTopoHHHX npI1BKYCOB H :'mnaXOB, npH BBO.n;C apoMaTH3aTopoB _ BhIpa)!(CHHbIH apoMaT, 06YCJIOBneHHbII1 BBO.n;OM apoManI3aTOpoB. Macco- BaH .n;omr )l(Hpa - He MCHCC 99,7%, MaCCOBaH .n;OJIH BJIarH H JICTY'lliX BC- Il\CCTB - HC 60JICC 0,3%; KHcnOTHoe 'llicno KOH/r - HC 60JICC 0,8 Mr. >KHpbI KynHHapHbIc npH TCMncpaTYpc 18° C HMCJOT OWIOpO.n;HYJO, TBCp- }J;YJO HJIH Ma3c06pa3HYJO KOHCHCTCHl(I1JO; np03pa1JJIbIC B paCnJIaBJICHHOM COCTOHHHH. ,,<I>pIfTJOpHbIii" )[(liP H CMO paCTMTCJIbHOC HMCJOT 'lliCTbII1 BKYC, CBOI1CTBCHHhII1 .n;aHHoMY BH.n;y )[(lipa, 003 nOCTopOHHHX npHBKYCOB H 3ana- XOB; lJ,BCT - OT 6cJIoro .n;o cBCTnO-)!(CnTOrO; "YKpaHHCKHI1", "BcJIPYc- CKHI1" - BKyC H 3anax,xapaKTcpHbIC )J.JIH .n;06aBnHcMoro )l(Hpa, 003 nOCTO- pOHlffiX 3anaXOB H npHBKYCOB. >KHp )[(li,IJ;KHii xnc60ncKapHhII1 BhmYCKaJOT B Hcpac4>acoBaHHOM BH.n;C, KYJIHHapHbIH - B pac<j:JaCOBaHHOM H Hcpac4>acoBaHHOM BH.n;C. >KH.n;KHii )l(Mp .n;nH xnc60ncKapHoii npOMhIIWIeHHOCTH omYCKaJOT B aB- TOI.UICTcpHax no faCT 9218-86E H CrrCl(HMbHhIX KOHTciiHcpax, B CTMb- HbIX 6o'IKax no faCT 6247-79 H faCT 13950-84, BO 4>nHrax no faCT 5037-78E, a TaK)!(C B .n;CpeBHHHbIX 60'IKax no faCT 8777-80E Maccoii HCTTO HC 60JICC 50 KL B .n;CpCBHHHbIC 60 t IKH .n;OJI)!(CH 6b1Tb BnO)l(eH McmOK H3 nonHMcpHhIX MaTcpHMoB, pa3pcmcHHhIx MHHMCTCPCTBOM 3.n;paBooxpaHcHHH CCCP, )J.JIH ynaKOBKH )l(HpOB, C nocnc.n;YJOIl\MM 3anapHBaIllICM mBOB. 24 .II.onYCKaCTCH OTKJIOHCHHC no Macce :1:0,5% npH ynaKoBKc OT 10 .n;o 100Kr. - Hcpac<l>3coBaHHbIc )[(lIphI ynaKoBbIBawT B .n;ou.\aTbIc, 4>aHcpHblC 11 Kap- TOHHhIC HIllHKH, a TaK)I(C 60tJKH .n;CpCBHHHbIC, 4>aHcpHo-mTaMnoBaHHbIc, 6apa6aHbI 4>aHcpHbIC H KapTOHHhIC. }KH.n;KHii )l(Hp )J.JIH xnc60ncKapHoii npONIbIIIIJICHHOCTH no OCT 18-197- 84 Hcnonb3ywT B COOTBCTCTBHH C TCXHOJIOrIftJCCKHMII peKOMCH.n;aIJ,HHMII no cro npHMcHcIDIIO. CpOK xpaHcHHH npH TCMTICpaTYpc (17:1:2) ° C He 60ncc 10 .n;Hci1. MaprapHH (faCT 240-85) npc.n;CTanJIHCT c060ii BhICOKo.n;Hcrr.epcHYJO, )!(HPOBOII;HHYJO C!ifCTeMY, B COCTaB KOTOpoii BXO.n;HT BbICOKOKatJCCTBCHHbIC )[(lipbI, MOJIOKO, conb, caxap, 3MYJIbraTOpbI H .n;PyrI1c KOMnOHCHTbI. B xnc60ncKapHoii npoMhIlIDICHHOCTH Hcnonb3YJOT pa3JIH1IHble BH,IJ;bI MaprapHHoB C co.n;cp)!(aHHCM )[(lIpa HC MCHee 82%. B COOTBCTCTBI1II C "YKa- 3aHHHMH K pel(CnTypaM Ha xnc606ynO'lHbIC H3.n;CJIHH no B3aMM03aMCHHC- MOCTII CbIPbH" B xnc60ncKapHoii npoMbIIWICHHOCTH HCnOJIb3YIOT TaK)!(C MaprapHH "fOpO.n;CKOii" MnH "Pa.n;yra" C cO.n;CP)!(aHMCM )l(Mpa 75% M "Con- HC'lHbIii" C co.n;cp)l(aHHCM )l(Hpa 72%. MaprapHH .n;on)l(CH HMCTb 'lliCTbIii, Xopo- 1U0 BbIpa)l(CHHhIn )J.JIH Ka)[()J;oro copTa BKYC H apOMaT, 6C3 nocTopoHHMX npH- BKYCOB M 3anaxoB. no KOHCHCTCHl(HH MaprapHH npH TCMncpaTYpc 18°C .n;on)l(CH 6hITb O.n;HOpO.n;HbIM H IInaCTli'IHbIM. MaprapHH BbmycKawT B pac<pacoBaHHoM H Hcpac4>acoBaHHoM BH.n;c. Hepac4>aconaHHbIii MaprapHH YKJIa.n;hlBaJOT B .n;OIl\aTbIC HIl\IIKM no faCT 13360-84, <paHcpHbIC - no faCT 10131-78, H3 ro4>pMpOBaJlHoro KapTO- Ha - no faCT 13511-84, KapToHHbIC - no fOCT 13515-80, B 60'IKH .n;CpeBHHHhIC - no faCT 8777-80E, 60'IKH 4>aHcpHO-UITaMnOBaHHhIC _ no faCT 5958-7911 4>aHcpHhIC 6apa6aHbI - no fOCT 9338-80E. JIIl\HKll, 6apa6aHbI M 60'IK11 .n;omKHhI 6hITh BhICTnaHbI paCmTCJIbHbIM ncpraMcHTOM IInH nonHMcpHhIMH nJICHKaMlI. >KH.n;KHii MapraplIH TpaHcnopTHpYWT B aBTOl(HCTCpHax C TCpMOH30JIH- l(Hcii, KOHTciiHcpax, 4>JIHraX, no.n;BcprHYThIx CnCl(HMbHOI1 caHHTapHoii 06pa60TKc II pa3peIIIcHHhIX .n;nH ncpcB03KII nlIIl\CBhIX npo.n;YI<TOB. Macno KOpOBbC (faCT 37-87) no TOBapHbIM HaJ1MCHOBaHlIHM no.n;- pa3]],cnHWT Ha cnc.n;YIOIl\HC BlIJJ:hI: HCCOJICHOC, conCHOC, BOJIOro.n;CKOC CJJH- BOtJ!IOC, JIJ06HTCJIbCKOC, KpeCTbHHCKOC TonnCHOC, a TaK)I(e BbIpa6aTbIB3WT Macno 6YTCp6pOWIoc (TY 49-481-78). nOKa3aTCJIM KatJCCTBa KOpoBbcBoro MaCJIa npHBc.n;cHbI B Ta6n. 10. nCpeB03KY MaCJJa npolI3Bo.n;HT B aBTOpc4>PII)!(CpaTOpax IIJIH aBTOMa- mHHax C 1I30TCpMlItICCKHM KY30BOM. KOpOBbC MaCJIO, TBCp.n;bIC )l(HpbI H MaprapI1H XpaHHT B CKJIa.n;cKHx oxna)l(.n;aCMhIX nOMCIl\CHIIHX HnlI XOJIO.n;HJIbHHKax C nOCTOHHHOI1 l(HPKYJIH- l(lIcii B03.n;yxa npI1 TCMncpaTYpc HC BbIIIIC 10° C. >KH.n;KHii MapraplIH xpamn npH TCMncpaTYpe HC BhImc (17:1:2) ° C HC 60JICC 48 'I C MOMCHTa BhIpa60TKII. KOpOBbC Macno, TBCp,IJ;bIC )[(liphI H MapraplIH B xnc606YJIo'lHbIC 1I3.n;CJIHH pacxo,I:()'IOT B paCTOnJICHHOM BH.n;C. .II.onycKacTcH IICnOJIb30BaHHC )l(HpOB B HcpaCTonncHHoM BIIJJ:C )J.JIfI nplI- rOTOBJICHlIfI OT.n;cnbHhIX BH.n;OB H3.n;cnlIii. 25 
Opl'aHOnenTlI'IeCKlIC H W1l311KO-XlIMII'ICCKHe nOKa:.aTeJlH Ka'lecTBa MaCJla T's6nllua 10 3. "Eonbmoe nJlTHO" - Hamf'ille OJ:(Horo, unu HeCKonbKMX HenOnBM)K- HblX mITeH non cKopnynoH 06J.WiM pa3MepoM 60nee 1/8 nOBepXHOCTH cKopnynbl. 4. "TYMaK" - JfHu;a C Henp03pa'IHblM COnep)/(aJrneM, KpoMe B03.n;ym- HOH KaMcpbl, npM'illHOii HBmIeTCH pa3BlfTHe nneCCHll.MnM 6aKTepMH. 5. "TCK" - JlHu;a, M3 KOTOpblX nonHOCTblO unM 'laCTU'IHO BbITCKnO co- .n;Cp)j(lfMOC. 6. ,MMpa)KHbIC" - Hiiu;a, M3'bHTble M3 IIHKy6aTOpa KaK Hconno.n;OTBO- peHHblc. HHu;a Ha XJIc60ncKapHblX npe.n;npHJlTHJlX nplfMeHJlIOT B OCHOBHOM Ky- pMHble. )(7HHbIe If ry<:MHbIe Jliiu;a pa3pemaeH::JI Hcnonb30BaTb TonbK'O nplf 1f3rOTOBnCHHIf MenKowTY'IHbIX C.n;06HbIX M3;1);enMii (6ynO'leK, C.n;06bI, cy- xapeH, ne'leHbJl). XpaHJlT JlHu;a npM TCMnepaTYpc OT 0 .n;o 4 0 C. He .n;ony- CKaeT<:H xpaHe1rne JlliU; BMeCTe C CHJJbHO naXHYIIUIMH npe.n;MeTaMH. RM'IHaH cKopnyna B 60nblIDIHcTBC cnY'laeB 3arpJl3HeHa M 3apa)KeHa 6aKTcpMHMU, rnaBHbIM o6pa30M, KMlIIe'IHOH rpynnbl. Lljm npcP:OTBpamCHMJf nona.n;aHMH 3arpH3HeHHii B Jlli'IHYIO Maccy HHu;a nepep: ynOTpe6ncHMcM nO]1BepralOT .n;C3MHcpCKU;MM C nocJ1e.n;ywmcii npo- MbIBKOH Bop:oii. B nepBoc OT.n;enCHMC TpeXCCKU;MOHHOii BaHHbI HaJIMBaWT 2%-HbIH paCT- BOp lIHThCBoii COP:bl, BO BTopoe - 2%-Hblii paCTBOp XJIopHoii M3BeCTM HJJM 0,5%-HbIii paCTBOp XJIOpaMUHa, B TpeThe' - npOTO'IHYW BOP:Y. Hiiu;a, nOMemeHHbIc B CCT'laTbIH HmMK, nor.pY)KaIOT nocncp:oBaTcnbHO B ncpBoe M BIopoe OT.n;encHMc Ha. 5-10 MUH; nocne 'lcro npoMbIBawT npo- TO'IHOH BOP:OH B Te'lCHMC 3-5 MUH M 3aTCM nop:aWT Ha pa36HBKY. ,IJ,nH npe.n;- oTBpau.\cHMJI m;map:aHMH McnoptJeHHblX HMU; BO BCW HM'IHYW Maccy pa36H- BaTh CJICP:YCT no 3-5 HMI.\ B oTp:eJ1bHYw nocyp:y. B CJIy<lac Hc06xo.n;MMOCTIf HM'myw Maccy npouc)j(J1BaIOT tJepe3 CliTO C pa3MepOIYI JltJCCK HC 60ncc 3 MM. HWllibIii nopOUIOK (fOCT 2858-82) MMeeT CBemO')/(CnTblii MnM )Ken- TbIii U;BCT, nopolUKo06pa3HYw CTPYKTYPY C ncrKopa3.n;aBnMB31OIIUIMUCH KOMotJKaMM. MaccoBaH p:onH BnarM OT 6 p:o 8,5%, 6cnKoBbIx BemeCTB M )l(lfpa B ne. peCtJeTC Ha cyxoc BCmeCTBO HC MCHce 45 H 35% COOTBeTCTBeHHO. PaCTBO- pllMOCTb (B nepectJcTe Ha cyxoe BcmCCTBO) He MeHee 8.5%, KMcnOTHOCTb 10° T. Hli'IHbIii nopolUoK ynaKOBbIBaWT B )KCCTJlHbIe 6alIKM, cpalIepHbIe 60tJI<H, 6Yl'yfa)KHbIC MClIIKM HnM KapToHHbIC. HlliHKM. 3TOT npo.n;YKT OtJCHb rMrpocKonHtJeH M 6bICTpO nOpTMTCJI nop: BnMHHMCM BnarM, CBCTa M B03)J;yxa. HMtJHbIH nopolUoK ncpep: ynoTpc6ncHMcM pa3MelIIlfBalOT C BO.n;OH npM TeMncpaTYpe (22:1:2) ° C B COOTHOlIICUHM 1:3 MnM 1:4 11 np0U;C)/(I1BaWT 'lepe3 CMTO C pa3McpOM JltJeCK HC 60nec I ,0 MM. Hli'IHbIii nopOlIIOK xpaHHT npM TeMnepaType He 60nee 20° C. .HM'IHbIH MenaH)/( MOpO)/(eHbIH (OCT 49-197-83) - oCB060)I(,!J.eHHaH OT cKopnynbI CMeCb JlM'IHbIX 6cnKoB M )/(CnTKOB, npocpHJJbTpOBaHHaJl', Tllia- HaHMeHoBaHHe Macna H HOpMhl H8HMeHoB'8HHe . nOKa3aTeneii: Heco- Cone- ..nI06H-' Ton- KpeCTbJlHC1COe EYTep6poJJ;HOe neHoe .Hoe I Tenb- neHoe 1 CKoe cone- Heco- CJI!\,t\- KHcno- , Hoe neHoe \ Koe 'CJI8.t\- Koe BKYC II '3aIt1l'X KOHCII.C'fCHIU!}r'MIICJta npll 1'CMlIcpm;ype IO-12°C: CJllIBO'lHOrO 'TOnneHoro IJ;BCT MaccoBaH 110n51 Bna- I'll, %,'He 60ncc MaccoBaH noml )KII- pa, %, He MeHee MacCOB81!' )10nHCO- nIl, %. He 60Jlee ',yHC1'6Iif, 'XapaKTcpllblfi ,o;JlI! l1aHHoro .BlIAn . Mat:l1a, 6C3 nOeTopOH- HlIX npllBJ<YCOB II .3anaXOB nJlOTHaH, O,o;HOpOnHal!, nOBepXHOCTb MacJIa H3 pS3pe3e cJla60- 6neCTJIll(aH'1f cyxal! fla'BlIA IfIiJ[ C H'aJIU<!HeM On1lHO'lHbIX'MCJJb'laii- WHX KaneneK Bn3rH MHrKaH, 3epH'IICTal!" B paCTonnCHHOM BlIAe' MaeJlO .JJ.OJl*IW GbITb COBCpWCHHO np03pa<!HblM II 6C3 KaKoro-nll60 oca,o;Ka ,Or 6enaro no cBeTnO-)I(CnTOrO, onHOpOJJ.Hblii no 'Bccii 'Macce MSCJIa '16 16 20 25 25 35 35 82,S 81,5 78 98 71 72.5 61,5 61,5 ;1.5 1,5 1.9. HI1QEnpO,l{YKTbl Hiiu;a Kypn"BJe nMlI.\eBbIC B 3aBnCRMOCTH OTcpoKa XpaHCH'lifJl, K3'leCTB3 H MaCChI Huu;a no.n;pa3p:enHIOT Ha 'cnenYIOlI.\HC 'BM.n;bl: p:HCTM'leCKMe M 'CTono- BbIe. "B xnc60neK'apHOii npOMbIUUTClI'HOCTM nCn0J1b3YIOT B-cC EM.n;»I Hun, KpO- Me TCX,'KOTOpbIC OTHOCHTCJlK 'rcxHonorHtJCCKoMy'6paKY. K TCXHonorMtJCCKOMY 6paKY, T. e. 'I< iiiu;aM, HcnpMro.n;HbIM p:nH yno- Tpe6rrcHJ.m B nepepa60TKy' OTHOCHT 1iifu;a co cne.n;YIOIUMMM npM3HaKaMU: 'I. "KpaCIOK" - Hiiu;a, B KOTOpbIX )/(CrrTOK nonHOCTblO CMelliaH C 6cn- KOM. 2. ,,KpoBHHoe KOIlbU;O" II "KpoBHHoe nHTno" - nopOK, npH KOTOpOM npn oBocKOnHpOlnlHI1'1if Ha nOBcpXHoCTM '?I\eIlTKa BR.n;HM KpoB'CHOCHbIC CDCY- ,IJ;b1 onno.n;oTBopeHHoro 3apop:bIUla, 'B 'BH,IJ;e oKpyrnOCTH pa3HoH cpbpMbI. 26 27 
Ta6J1uua II TenbHO nepeMellIaHHaH If 3aMOpO)!(eHHaH B CneIJ,lfaJIbHOM Tape nplf TeMnepa- TYpe MIfHYC 18°C. TeMnepaTypa B Macce MenaH)!(a p:on)!(Ha QblTb OT Ml!HYC 5 p:o Mlmyc 6°C. UBeT MenaH)!(a TeMHO-op3H)!(eBbIM B Mopo)!(eHHOM COCTOHHHIf H OT CBeTJIO-)!(eJITOrO p:o CBeTnO-OpaH)!(eBOrO nocne p:eq,pOCTlfpOBanlfJr (OT- TaHBaHl1fi). Ha nOBepXHOCTIf np0P:YKTa p:on)!(eH 6bITb 6yropOK. OTCYTCT- Bfle 6yropKa - rrp113H3K, 'fI0 npOP:YKT 6bIn pa3MOpO)!(eH. LJ,onYCKaeTCH BbIpa60TKa HfI'JHOrO MenaH)!(a C p:06aBneHHeM B Hero 0,8% nOBapeHJIOH conlf IfnH 5% cax3pHoro neCKa. KOHclfCTeHUIfJI - TBepp:aH B MOpO)!(eHHOM COCTOHHlfIf If >KHp:KaJI, op:- Hopop:HaH nocne p:eq,poCTlfpoBaHflfI. BKYC If 3arrax, cBoHCTBeHHbIe p:aHHO- My npoP.YKTY, 6e3 nOCTopoHHMX nplfBKycOB M 3anaXOB. M:lccoBaH p:onH Bnarlf He 60nee 75%, M3CCOBaH p:onH' >KHpa He MeHee 10%, MaCCOBaH p:onfl 6enKoBbIX BemeCTB He IYIeHee 10%, KMCJIOTHOCTb He 60JIee 15° T. DaHKI1 C 3aMOpO)!(eHHbIM MenaH)!(eM nepep: pa3MOpa)!(IfBaHlfeM Tm3- TenbHO MOIOT meTKaMfi B BaHHe C TennoH BOP:OH, a 3aTeM CT3BflT B P:Py_ rylO BaRHY C ropHlleH BOP:OH H3 2-3 'Jaca p:rrH on311BaHlUI (TeMnepaTypa BOP:bI He BbIllie 45° C). B 3aBI1CI1MOCTI1 OT YCJIOBI1H npep:nplfHTI1H p:ony- CKaeTCH pa3MOpa>KHBaHfle MeJIaH)!(a nplf KOMHaTHoH TeMnepaType, 6o_ee npop:omKI1TenbHOe BpeMH. Pa3MOpO)!(eHHbIe HfI'lHbIe npoP:YKTbI I1CnOnb3YIOT B Te'leHl1e 3-4 '1aCOB. LJ,onycKaeTcH TaK)!(e flcnOJIb30BaHMe MeJIaH)!(a B TellelIMe CYTOK npn YCllO- Bfll1 xpaHeRHH em npM TeMnepaTYpe (3:1:1) ° C. MenaIDK nepep: ynoTpe6rreHlfeM npOUe>KHBaIOT 'lepe3 CI1TQ C pa3MepoM H'leeK He 60JIee 3 MM. J],rrH rrY'lllIerO npOue>KHBaHI1H ro CMelilllBaIOT C BO- P:OH B COOTHOIlleHfIfi I: I. cIJH31IKO-XlIMU'ICCKUe nOKa3aTCJlU IIacTCpH30BaIiHorO KopOBbcro MonOKa nOKa3aTCIIlI H HOpMbI MaccoBaH nnoTHocTb KlIcnoT- TeMne,!Ja- Bnp; MonOKa nonH )[(H- r/cM 3 , HOCTb, 0 T, Typa, C pa, %, He He MeHec He 60nee He BbIllie MCHec naCTcpH30BaHHOC. 3.2% )!(lipa 3.2 1.027 21 8 nacTep1l30BaHHoc. 2.5% )KHpa 2,5 1,027 21 8 EeJiKOBoc. 1% )J<Hpa 1.0 1,037 25 8 ECJlKOBOC. 2.5% >Kupa 2.5 1,036 25 8 HC)l(lIpHOe 1.030 21 8 1.10. MOnOlfHbIE npO).:{YKTbI naCTepH30naHHOe KopOBbe MorrOKO p:rrH npoMnepepa60TKI1 p:OCTaB- nHIOT BO 4>mlrax no faCT 5037-78E, uMcTepHax no faCT 92I8-86E M KOHTeHHepax pa3JIM'lHOH BMeCTMMOCTM. naCTepM30BanHOe KopoBbe MOJIOKO TpaHCnopTl1pYIOT B 3aKpbITbIX oxna)!(p:aeMbIX IfnM M30TepMfl'leCKMX cpep:cTBax TpaHcrropTa. MorrOKO KopOBbe naCTepfl30BaIIHOe XpaHHT nplf TeMnepaTYpe OT 0 p:o 8° C He 60nee 36 'l C MOMeHTa OKOH'laHIfH TeXHOnOrM'leCKOrO npouecca. MorroKo KopOBbe uerrbHoe cyxoe (faCT 4495 -75) B 3aBlfClfMOCTfi OT cnoc06a 06pa60TKM nop:pa3p:enHIDT Ha paCnbIJIHTenbHoe, nonY'laeMOe Ha pacnbImnenbHbIx CYllII1JlKaX; IIJIeHO'lHOe, nonY'laeMOe Ha BaJIbUOBbIX cYllII1JlKax. B 3aBflCMMOCTIf OT opraHOnenTIf'leCKI1X, 4>113I1KO-XMIYIM'leCKI1X If MHKp061f0norl1'leCKHX nOKa3aTerreM cyxoe uenbHoe MonOKO nop:pa3p:e- nHIOT Ha ]J,Ba copTa: BbICllIl1M 11 nepBbIM. BKYC l! 3anax cyxoro uenbHoro MonOKa - CBoMCTBenHbIM CBe)!(eMY nacTepfl30BaHHoMY nplf pacnbIJIfiTenb- HOH cyun<e M nepenaCTepH30BaHHoMY (KflnH'leHOMY) MorroKY npM nrre- HO'lHOM CYllIKe, 6e3 nOCTopoHHflX npMBKYCOB 11 33naXOB. J],rrH nepBoro copTa p:onYCKaeTCH crra6bIH KOpMOBOH npflBKYC, a ,IJ)1H MorrOKa pacnbI- nfiTenbHOH CYllIKM - npMBKYC nepen3CTeplf3aul1M. 00 KOHCMCTeHUl11f - no CYXOH MenKI1H nopOlliOK Ifnlf nopOllIOK, COCTOHml1H H3 arnOMeplfpo- BaHHbIX 'laCTIfu cyxoro MonOKa, a Y nepBoro copTa p:rrH nneHO'IHoro MO- nOKa - CYXOH nopOllIOK 113 1f3Menb'leHHbIX IIJIeHOK. LJ,onYCKaeTCH He3Ha- tnnenbHoe KOnlf'leCTBO KOMO'lKOB, nerKO paCCbmaIOL!.UiXCH nplf MexaHIf- 'leCKOM B03p:eHCTBMIf. UBeT p:on)!(eH 6bITb 6enbIH C nerKIfM KpeMOBbIM OTTeHKOM ,IJ)1H pac- nbInIfTenbHoro MonOKa, KpeMOBbIH ,lJ;rrH nneHO'lHOrO MonOKa, Y MonOKa nepBoro copTa p:onycKalOTcH OTp:enbHbIe nplfropenble 'laCTIf'lKIf cyxoro MonOKa. cI>1f3IfKO-XHMfI'leCKlfe nOKa3aTenlf nplfBep:eHbI B Ta6n. 12. MonOKO KopoBbe nacTeplf30BaHHoe (faCT 13277-79) B XJIe60ne- KapHoH npoMbuuneHHoCTIf Ifcnonb3Y!{)T cnep:y!{)L!.Uix BMP:OB: naCTeplf30- BaHHoe >KHpHOCTbID 3,2%, nacTeplf30BaHHoe >KHpHOCTblO 2,5%, 6enKoBoe >KHpHOCTbID 1 %; 2,5% If He)!(lfpHoe. UBeT MonOKa p:on)!(eH 6bITb 6enbIM C )!(enTOBaTbIM oneHKOM, ,IJ)1H He)!(lfpHOrO MonOKa .- co cnerKa CIfHeBaTbIM oneHKOM; BKYC If 3anax 'lHCTbIe, 6e3 nOCTopOHHIfX nplfBKYCOB If 3anaXOB. no 4>l!3IfKO-XHMH'leCKHM nOKa3arenHM naCTepM30BaHHoe KOpOBbe MonOKO p:on)!(HO COOTBeTCTBOBaTb Tpe60BaHlfHM H HopMaM, yKa3aHHbIM B Ta6n. II. 28 29 
T a 6J1 H'Ita 12 3HKO-XHMHqeCKJfe nOK33aTenH Ka'lCCTBa cyxoro enbHoro KopoBbCro MonOKa HopMa AJ1H cyxoro 1\enbHoro MonOKa pCnbInHTenbHOrO nneHO'IHOrO HaHMeHOB8HHe nOKa3aTeneH II B MeWKax H B 4I3IlepHO- B MeWKax H B 4I3IlepHO' nOT- 4I8HepHO- 'WTaMnOBaH- 4IaHepHo- WTaMnOB8H- pe6"- WTaMnOBBH- Hblx 60<4KaX WT8MnOBaH- HhIX 60'lKaX Tenb- HhIX 60'lKaX c BKnaJJ,bIWa HhIX 60<4KaX C BKJ18,J.1;bI- CKOH' c nOIIll3THJIe MIl H3 C nOJtH3TRlIe maMH H3 Tape HOBhIMH Kpa4lT-6YMa- HOBbIMH Kpa4lT-6YMa. nnOTH038,tIe- rH, nepra- nnOTH038,J.1.e. rH, nepra- naHHblMH MeHTa H ,D;p. JUlHHhIMH MeHTa H Aj). BKn8,tIhIwa- BKna,J.l;hIWa- MIl MH MaCCOBaH ,o;Ol1H BJlarll. 4 4 7 5 7 %, HC 60nee MaCCOBaH p.on51 )l(lIpa, 2S 2S 25 25 25 %, HC MeHCC PaCTBopllMOCTb, CblpO- co OC8)J;Ka, MJI, HC 60ncc: }lJIH BbIcwcro cOpTa O,? 0,3 0,6 0.3 0,6 }lJIH nepBoro cOpTa 0,4 0,8 I,S 1,5 KlICJlOTHOCTb, 0 T, HC 20 21 22 22 22 60nec IJHCToTa MonORa 'BTOpOll rpynnbl p;on)I(Ha 6bITb IIC .HH)I(\) MonOKO KOpOBbe 06e3>KHpemfOe cyxoe (faCT 10970--87) nony'laIOT nyreM BbICYUIIIBaHHH CBe>KerO nacTepH30BaHHoro 06e3>KHpeHHOro MonOKa. Cyxoe 06e3>KHpemme MonOKO npeACTaBnJleT C060H MeJIKOpaCnblneHHblii nopolliOK 11/111 paCnbIJ1HTenbHOH CyuIKH H CYXOH nopOlliOK H3 H3MenbqeHHbiX KOMO'IKOB WUJ. MonOKa lUIeHO'lHOH CyuIIGI. J],onYCKaeTCJI He3Ha'lHTenbHoe KOJIH'leCTBO nnOTIfbIX .KOMO'lKOB, nerKO paccbmaJOlUHXCH npH -MeXaHHqecJ(OM B03AeHCTBHH. MonOKO ;paCnbIJIHTenbHOH CYIliKH HMee'l' 6enbIH ltBeT C nel"KHM KpeMO- BbIM OTIeHKOM H KpeMOBaTbm v;aeT 11JIJllUIeHO'IHOrO MOJIOKa. BKYC H 3anax, CBOHCTBeHHble CBe>KeM}' naCTepH30BaHH0M}' 06e3>KHpeH- H0M}' -MOnOKY (npH paCIIhIJIHTenbHOH C}'II.IKe) H nepenaCTepH30BaHHOM}' o6e3>KHpeHHOMy MonOKY '(npH nneHo'IHoii C}'II.I-Ke) 6e3 KaKHX-1IH60 noCTO- poHHHX npHBI<}'COB H 3anaXOB. J],onYCKaeTCH HaJIH'lHe nen<oro 'KopMOBoro npHBKYca, a 11JIJI MonOKa paCnbIJIHTenbHoii C}'II.IKH, KpOMe Toro, npHBKYC nepenaCTepH3aQHH, ITo 4>H3HKO-XHMHQeCKHM nOKa3aTenHM cyxoe 06e3>KHpeHHOe MOJIOKO Aon>KHO cOOTBeTCTBOBaTh Tpe60BaHHHM, YKa3aHHbIM B ra6n. 13. 30 MonOKO cyxoe lJ,enbHoe H 06e3)I(HpeHHoe B nOTpe6HTenbcKoii H TpaHC- nopTHoii Iape C nonH3THneHOBbIMH BKnaJI,bIllIaMH XpaHJlT npH TeMIIepaType OT 1 AO WOe. MonoKo cyxoe nepeA nYCKoM B npOH3BOACTBO pa3B01I.JJ.I BOAOH npH TeMIIepaType 30°C B COOTHOIlleHHH npHMepHo 1 :10. MonoKo HaTypaIIbHoe H pa3BeAeHHoe cyxoe npOl.{e>KHBaJOT qepe3 CHTO C pa3MepOM JI'leeK He 60nee 1,0 MM. UpO)J,yKI MOnO'IHbm CYXOH "CMU" (TY 49-934--82) nonyqalOI nyreM BbIC}'II.IHBaHHH Ha paCnbIJ1HTeJIbHbiX CyuIHJIKaX Cl'YllieHHoii CMeCH MonOKa 06e3>KHpeHHoro Ii ChIBOpOIKH MOnO'lHOii nOACblpHOH. Ta.6n1f.Ita 13 3HKO-XHMII'IecKHe nOKa3aTeJIH 06C3)!(l1peHHOro cyxoro MonOKa HOpMhI wm o6e3)KHpeHHoro cyxoro MOnOK8 pacnbl11HTelIhHOrO -nneHO'lHoro B B MeinKax H B $aHep- B MeWKax H B $aucp- HaHMeHOBaHHe nOTpe- 60'lKaX C no- HO-WTaM- 6o'lKax c no- RO-WT8M- nOKa3aTC11eH 6HTelIh- 11113TH11e1IO- nOB3II- nH3TlUIeHO- IIOBaH- CKoil Bbll\fil, IUIOT- HblX BblMH, HbIX Tape HO 3anenaH- 60<4K3X 1nn0THO 38,tIe- 60'lKax HbIMH BKna- naHHbIMH p:bIWaMH BKnaJJ,bIWa- MH MaCWBaH )1011H BJlarll, %, HC Go- 4 4 7 5 7 11ce PaCTBopllMOCTb, MJI, cblporo 0,2 0,4 0,8 1,5 l.S ocaAKa, He Go11ec KlIcnOTHOCTb BOCCTaHOBl1CHHoro 21 21 22 21 22 06C3)KHpeHHoro cyxoro MOJ10Ka C col1ep)I(aHlIe M CYXHX Bell(eCTB, %, 0 T, He Gonee COAepxmHJ.IC cOJleil B nepCC'leTe Ha MCTaJl11bI, Mr Ha 1 Kr, He 60- nce: O11ona lOO 100 100 100 100 MeAH 8 8 8 8 8 CBlIHua HC ,o;onYCKaCTCH Cyxoii MOnO'IHbIH npotJ:YKI HMeeI CBemO->KenIbm v;aeT co cna60 3eneHO- BaTbIM OTIeHKOM. J],onycKaeIcH Hanlf'lHe He60nbllIoro KOnH'leCIBa qacTHIJ, CBeInO-KO pWlHeBoro I.{Bera. BKYC H 3anax - 'lHCTbIll, MOnOqHbIii, cna.n,KoBaIo-conoHoBaIblH, C npH- BKYCOM naCTepH3aI.{HH. J],onycKaeTcH HanH'lHe- nerKoro KopMoBoro npH- BKyca. Do 4>H3HKO-XHMHqeCKHM nOKa3aIenHM "CMU" AOn)KeH COOIBeICIBO- BaTh CJIeAYIDlliHM nOKa3aIenJlM: MaCCOBaJi AonH Bnarn, He 60nee 5,0%; 31 " 
KHCJIOIIIOClb He 60JIee 22,00T; paCIBOpMMOClb - He 60nee 0,8 Mn cyxoro oca.n;Ka. XpaHeHHe "CMIT" .n;omKHbI npOBOJI,Hlb B cyx, XOpOIlIO npoBelpMBa- eMbIX nOMeeHHHX nplf IeMlIepalype 01 1 .n;o 10 C He 60ne 6 Mec co ,IJ;HH BbIpa60IKH H He 60nee 3 Mec npH IeMnepalype 01 10 .n;o 20 C. ITepe.n; HYC- KOM B npoH3Bo.n;CIBO "CMIT" no.n;rOlaBJillBaJOI IaK )!(e, KaK H cyxoe MonOKO. CMelaHa (OCT 49-90 -83). B 3aBHCHMOCrn 01 co.n;ep)!(aHHH )!mpa H TeX.HOJIOrH'JeCKOrO npou;ecca cMelaHy BbmycKaJO CJIe.n;YlOllU1x BH.n;OB: 20, 25,30 If 36%-HOH )J(J1pHOCm, KHcnOIHocm 60-100 T. CMelaHY XpaHHI B xonO):U1JIbHbJX KaMepax nplf IeMnepalype He BbIIlIe 8°C. TBopor B 3aBHCMMOCIH 01 co.n;ep)!(aHHH )J(J1pa BbIpa6albIBawI cne.n;yIO- llU1X BH.n;OB: IBopor )\(J1pHbm, nOJIY)\(J1pHbIH H He)\(J1pHbIH. B 3aBlfCHMOClIf 01 opraHonenIH4ecKI1X H c}JH3IfKO-XHrvrn:tJecKlfx nOKa3a- TeneH IBopor .n;eJIHI Ha BbICliIHH If nepBblH COpT.  BKYC H 3anax - tll!ClbIH, KHcnOMOn04HbIM, y IBopora BbICIlIero cop- Ia - 6e3 nOCIopoHHlIX npMBKYCOB H 3anaXOB; HepBoro copla - .n;OHYC: KaeICH CJIa60KOpMOBOH rrpl1BKYC, npl1BKYC IapbI (.n;epeBa) If HaJIM'rn:e CJIa60H ropelJl1. ITo KOHCHCleHWill IBopor .n;OJI)!(eH 6bIIb MHrKHM. JJ.OHYCKaeICH HeO)J.HopO,IJ;HaH, Ma)!(}'lllaHCH Macca, KpOMe Ioro, )],nH IBopora rrepBoro copla .n;OHycKaelcH HaJIHlJI1e He3HalJl1IenbHOH IBOpO)I(HOH KPYIII(H. He)J(J1p- Hbm IBopor - paCCbmtJalbIH, .n;onYCKaeICH He3HalJl1IenbHOe BbI.n;eneHHe CbI- BOpOTKH. ITo U,BelY TBopor .n;on)!(eH 6bIIb 6enblM C KpeMOBbIM OIIeHKOM. ITo c}JH3MKO-XHrvrn:tJeCKHM nOKa3alenHM mopor .n;omKeH COOTBeICIBOBaIb Ipe60BaHHHM, YKa3aHHbIM B Ta6n. 14. l' 8 G JI H l\ 8 14 HaH KOHu;eHlpHpOBaHHaH, TY 49798-81 (no.n;cbIpHalI, no.n;cbIpHalI c6po- )KeIDIaH, TBOpO)I(HalI); CbIBopoTKa MOJIO'lllaH cryeHHalI, TY 49803- 81 (no.n;cblpHaH, no.n;CbIpHaH C6pO)!(eHHalI, IBOpO)I(HaR); CbIBopoIKa MOJIOtJ- HaH CKBaIlIeHHalI, TY 49-718-80 (no.n;CbIpHaH, IBOpO:>KHalI); CblBopoIKa MOn04HaH cryeHHalI m.n;pOJIII30BaHHaH, TY 49377-77 (no.n;cbIpHaH, TBO- p0)I(HaH); cbIBopon<a MOnO'lliaH cyxaH, TY 49800-81 (no.n;cbIpHaH paclIbI- JIHleJIbHOH CynrKH, IUIeHO'lliOn CynrKH, mopo)I(HalI paCnbIJUilenbHOH CynrKII) . T3K)Ke HcnOJIb3YlOICH CbIBOpOTotJHbIe H MonotJHo-6eJIKOBbIe KOHu;eHlpalbI. OpraHoJIenrntJecKMe, c}JH3I1KO-XHMHtJecKlfe nOKa3aTeJIH, a T3K)Ke npHeM, xpaHeHHe H nepepa60TKa Bcex BH.n;OB MOJIOtJHOH CbIBOpOIKH H3JIO)!(eHbI B "TeXHOJIOrHtJecKlix peKoMeH.n;aI.U1lIX no rrpMMeHeHHIO MOJI04HOH CbIBOpOTKM H CbIBOpOT01JHbIX KOHu;eHTpaloB B XJIe60rreKapHOH npOMbIIlIJIeIDIOCIII" (ITpHJ10)!(eHHe 6). CBe)!(}'io naxTY (MPTY 49/50-67) rrOJIY4aIOT H3 nacTepH30BaHHbIX CJIIiBOK rrpH npoll3Bo.n;cTBe CJIa,IJ;KOCJ1HB04HOrO MaCJIa. ITo BHeIllHeM}' BHA)' H KOHCIiCTeHlU1H npe.n;cTaBJIlIeT c060n O,IJ;HopO)J.HYIO )\(J1.n;KOCIb 6e3 KpynHHoK )!(IIpa; BKyC II 3anax - 'lliCTbIH MOJIOtJHbIH, C BbIpa)!(eHHbIM npl1BKYCOM naclepH3aI.U1l1, 6e3 nocTopoIDIIiX OTIeHKOB; U;BeI - 6eJIbIH co cnerKa -)!(enTO- BaTbIM oIIeHKoM, paBHOMepHbm no BceH Macce. MaccoBalI .n;OJIlI )!(IIpa He 60JIee 0,5%, MaCCOBaH .n;onH CYXHX BeeCIB He MeHee 8,0%, KIICJIOTHOCTb He 60JIee 21°T, TeMlIepaTypa naXlbI ne BbIIlIe 8°C. CyxaH naXTa pacnbIDHTeJIbHOH cynrKIi (TY 49-247-74) .n;omKHa IfMeIb BKYC H 3anax tJHCTbIH, CBOHCIBeHHbIH naCTepH30BaHHOH naXTe, 6e3 nOCIO- poHHHX npHBKYCOB H 3anaXOB H npe.n;CTaBJIlITh C060H CYXOH MeJIKOpaCIIbI- JIeIDIbrn nopOiliOK 6eJIoro U;Bela C KpeMOBbIM OIIeHKOM. CyxaH naXla IUIe- HOtiHOH CynrKH OIJIlltJaeTCH OT naXlbI pacnbIDlileJIbHOH CYIlIKIf no KOHCHC- TeHQillI, BKyCy H 3anaxy. OHa npe.n;ClaBJIHeT co60H cyxon nopOIlIOK H3 113- MeJIbtJeHHbIX KOMO'IKOB C HaJilltJlleM OI.n;enbHbIX nJIOTHbIX KOMOtJKOB. BKYC II 3anax - CBoHcTBeFimrn nepenaClepH30BaHHOH naxTe. MaccoBaH .n;OJIlI )!(H- pa B naxTe He 60JIee 5%, KHCJIOTHOCTb BOCCTaHOBJIeHHOn naXTbI C co.n;ep)!(a- HHeM 9% COMO (cyxoro 06e3)!(IIpeHHOro MOJI04HOro OCTaTKa) - He 60JIee 22° T. MaccoBalI .n;OJIlI BJIarH He 60nee: B naXTe paCnblJillTeJIbHOH CynrKH 5%, IUIeH04HOH - 7%, pacTBOpMMOCTh cbIporo Oca,IJ;I<a B MJI, He 60nee: B nax- Te pacnbIDHleJIbHOH CYIlIKH 0,2; nneHO'lliOn - 1,5. CyXYIO naxlY .n;OClaBJIHIOT B c}JaHepHO-iliTaMnOB04HbIX 60'1KaX eMKOClbIO 50 JI no fOCT 5958-79 MaCCOH HeTIO 25-30 Kr C BKJIa.n;bIIlIarvrn: 113 HeCla- 6IDIH3HpOBaHHOrO nOJIH3IIDIeHa no fOCT 10354-82, a IaK)!(e B tJelbIpex- If nHIHCJIOnHbIX 6)'Ma)I(HbIX HenponHTaHHbIx MeiliKax no fOCT 2226-75 MaccoH HeIIO 25-30 Kr. ITepe.n; nycKoM B npOH3Bo.n;CIBO CYXYIO naxTY no.n;rOTaBJIl1BaIOT aHaJIO- rll'lllO cyxoM}' MOJIOKY. 1.11. 1IP0YKThI nnooBo-HrOHblE cIIl!3IIKO-XIIMH"CCKYlC nOKa38Tenll TBopora HOpMbI AJIJI TBopora H8HMeHOBaHHe xmpHoro nonY>KlIpHOrO He>KIIpHOrO nOK838Tenen no COpTaM no copTaM no copTaM BbIC- nep- BhIC. nep- BbIC- nep- lllHlr BbUt llluii BbIH willi BbIH MaCCOB8H i:(OJlJl )l(lIpa, r He MCHCC 18,0 18.0 9,0 9,0 MaCCOB8}[ i:(onJl BJ1arH, %, He 60Jlec 65,0 65,0 73,0 73,0 80,0 80,0 KlIcnoTIIoCTb, 0 T, He BLIlI1e 200 225 210 240 220 270 ° TBopor xpaHHT npH ICMlIepaType 01 MHHYC 2.n;0 8 C. MonotIHaH CblBopoIKa npe.n;CIaBnHeI C060H n0604HbIH npOA)'KI, nOJIY- tJeHHbrn nplf npOIl3Bo.n;CIBe mopora, cbIpa, nHeBoro Ka3el1Ha, MOJIOIJHOro 6enKa. Ha npe.n;npMHllUlX XJIe60neKapHon npOMbIIlIJIeHHOCIIi flcnonb3yioI- ClI Bce BlI.n;bI MonotJlfOH CbIBOpOIKM, a HMeIDW: CbIBopOIKa MOnO'lHaH OCT 10-02-02-3-87 (no.n;cbIpHaH, IBOpO)I(HaH, Ka3eflHOBalI); CblBopoIKa MOJIOtJ- ITOBJl):\JIO (fOCT 6929-88) BbIpa6aIbffialOT 113 nno.n;OBoro II nJIo.n;OBO- HrO)J;Horo nlOpe IDIII HX CMeCH, H3 IbIKBeHHoro nlOpe IDIH CMeCH TbIKBeHHO- 32 2 3aK. 1116 33 
ro II JIMO'lHOrO IllOpe, YBapeHlIOrO C caxapoM, C n06aBneHH6M IInll 6e3 Jl,o- 6aJlJIeHHJI IDIIl\eBOrO neKTHHa II IlliIIJ;eBbIX KIICJ10T. ITo BHeIJ.IHeM)' BHJl,Y nOBII,w:IO Jl,On)KHO npeJl,CTaBlliITb C060H oJl,HopOp, Hyro npoTeprylO Maccy, 003 CeMHH, CeMeHHbIX rHC3Jl" KOCTO'leK, HenpO. TepTbIX KYCO'lKOB KOJKliUbI. KOHCIICTeHIUUI Jl,rUl nOBIIMa pac4>aCOBaHHOrO B CTeKJUIHHyIO, )KCCTJIHylO Tapy II 6o'lKH: H3 ceMe'lKOBbIX nnOJl,OB, JlTOJl, 8 CMeCH nnOnOB II MOJJ;, TbIKBbl - rYCTaJI Ma)K}'IIJ;aJICH Macca; ,w:IJI nOBH;:oIa 113 KOCTO'lKOBblX nnOJl,OB - Ma)l(flli.aJICJI Macca; Jl,JIJI nOBII,w:I8 113 CeMe'lKOBbIX II KOCTO'lKOBbIX nnOJl,OB, pac4>acomumoro B JIIIJ;HKH II nOJIHMepHyIO Tapy - nnOTHaJI Macca, COXPaJUlIOlQaJI O'lep'leH- HbIC rpaHH npll pa3pe3amrn ee HO)KOM. UBCT nOBH;:oIa Jl,On)KeH COOTBeTCTBOBaTb ltBeTY nnOJl,OB. )J.rlJI nOBH;:oIa H3 nnOJl,OB CO CBeTnOH MHKOTblO Jl,onYCKaIOTCJI CBeTnO-KOpH'IHCBbIe OTTeH- KH, a H3 nnOJl,OB C TCMHOH MHKOTblO - 6ypOBaTbIC. BKyC - KHcnoBaTo-cnaJl,KHH, CBOHCTBeIDIbrn nnOJl,aM HmI IIX CMeCII, H3 KOTOpblX 83rOTOBneHO nOBH;:oIo, 3anax - C apoMaToM nnOJl,OB. 3acaxapllBaIDie nOBH;:oIa He JJ;onycKaeTCH. MaCCOBaH Jl,Ollil cyxHX BelQeCTB no pecppaKTOMerpy Jl,on)I(Ha 6bITb e Me- Hee 66%, 06lQaJI MaCCOBaJI Jl.OlliI caxapa, BbIpa)KeHllaJI B IDmepTHoM caxape, He MeHee 60%. MaccoBaH nOllil TBepJl,bIX MHHepaJThHbIX npllMcccH (nccKa) HC 60nee 0,05%, 061l\aH KHcnOTHOCTb B nepeC'leTC lIa H6no'lH}'lO KHcnory - 0,2-1,0%. ,lJ;:>KCM nnOJJ;OBO-MOJl,Hbrn (faCT 7009-88) 113roTaBmmaIOT 113 nno- JJ;OB, MOJl, WIH Jl,bIllli, YBapeIDIbIX c caxapOM Jl,O )KcnC06pa3Horo COCTOHHHH, C )106aBncHHeM IfJ1H 6C3 )106aBneIDiJI )KCffilPYIOIl\IIX COKOB IfJ1H lIHll\CBOrO neKTHHa. _ B 38BIICIIMOCTII OT cnoc06a 113rOTOBneHIUI )1)KeM Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT cTepH- n830BaHHbIM II HCCTepHJ1H30BaHHbIM. B 38BIICHMOCTII OT Ka'lCCTBeIDIbIX nOKa3aTeIIeH )1)KeM BbmycKaIOT BbIC- ll1HM II ncpBbIM COpTOM. ):bKCM, 113rOTOBnCIllibrn 83 cynbcpHTHpOBaHHbIX nn0)10B WIn Hron, a TaK- )I(f paccpaCOBaHHbIH B 60'lKII, OQeH1IBaIOT He BbIIlJC, 'leM ncpBblM COpTOM. MaCCOBaH goml cyxnx Bell\6CTB (no pecppaICTOMeTpy) B CTCpH1IH30- BaHHOM )1)KCMe gon)J(Ha 6bITb He MeHee 68%, B HecTepIDIH30BaIDIOM )1)KeMe - 70%, MaCCOBaJI gonJI CaxapOB, Bhlp8)l(CIDIaJI B HHBepTHOM caxape: B cTepH- nll30BaIlliOM lJ.)KeMe HC MeHee 62%, B HecTcpHffil30BaHHOM lJ.)KeMe - 65%. ITo BHeIJ.IHeM)' BH,D;y II KOHC8CTeHIUIH lJ.)KeM - )Kene06pa3HaH, Ma)K}'- IQaHCH Macca HenpoTcpTbIX nnogoB H Hrog, He paCTCKalOIIJ;aJICJI no rOpH30H- T81IbHOH nOBepXHOCTH. ,nonycKaeTcH MeJl,JIeIDIoe paCTCKaHHC MaCCbI Ha ro- pH30HT8JIbHOH nOBcpXHOCTII gIIJI 1J,)KeMa: nepBoro copTa - H3 Bcex BHJl,OB MogOB II Hrog; BbIcwero copra - a6pHKOCOBoro, 3eMJIJIHH'lHOro (Kny6- HH'lHOro), 1J,bllIHoro, BHwHeBoro, MaJlliHOBOrO, e)KeBII'lHOrO, 'lCpHH'IHOrO, KJIIOKB, eIDIoro 6pYCHll'lliOrO, cpeiixoa, cpH3aJIHCa. 3aCaXapHBaHHC He gonye- KaeTCH. 3anax - cBoiicTBCHHbIH nIIoJl,aM HJllI JIrOJl,aM, H3 KOTOpbIX H3rOTOB- nCH 1J,)KCM. BKYC - cnanKHH WIll KHcnocnaJJ:KHH. )J.rlH ):CKcMa ncpBoro copra JJ;onycKaCTCJI BKyC H 3anax cna6ee BbIpa)K:::HHbIC, a TaK)KC HaJlli'IHC ncrKoro npHBKyca KapaMcIIH30BaHllOro caxapa. UBeT - OgHOPOJl,HbIii, COOTBCTCTBYIO- unill QBCTY MonOB H JIrOn, H3 KOTOpbIX H3rOTOBnCH 1J,)KCM. )J.rlH 1J,)KcMa H3 nnOJl,OB II Hrop; co cBeTIIoii MJIKOTblO - CBeTnO-KOpH'lHCBbIii onCHOK. Y nepBom copTa 1J.]IH nnogoB II JIrog co CBCTIIOll MHKOTblO - KOpH'lHeBbIC OT- TCHKH, a Jl,JIJI nnOnOB H JIroJJ; C TeMHoll MHKOTblO - 6YPOBaTble oneHKH. ).])KCM CTCpH1IH30BaHHbrn XpaHJIT rrpll 0 + 20°C, HCCTCpH1IH30BaHHbIll 10 + 15° e, nOBH)])IO - 0 +20° e. 1l0crynalOT 3TH np01J.YKThI paccpaCOBaHHbIMH B MeTaJUIH'lCCKHC 6aHKII II gCPCBmIHblC 6o'lKH, nOBHJl,JIO MQ)KeT 6bITb B HlQHKax. ITOBH,D;IIO H 1J,)KeM XpaIDIT B cyxnx, XOpOIiiO BCHTH1IHPYCMbIX nOMe- WCHHHX npH TCMrreparypc OT 0 no 20°C. I10BIIJl,JI0 ncpcJl, yrroTpe6ncHHeM npoTHpalOT 'lepC3 CHTO C pa3McpOM WIeeK HC 60nec 3 MM. . BHHOrpaJl, cylIIcHbrn (faCT 6883-69) B XJIC60rrCKapHOM npOH3BonCTBe rrpllMCHHIOT cnenYlOll\HX COpTOB: COJITy, ca63Y, 6CnOH II IIIHraHH, T. C. H310M H3 6eCCeMJIHHblX COpTOB BHHOrpaJl,a. IToKa3aTcnH Ka'leCTBa :nux COpTOB BIDIOrpaJl,a npHBenCHbI B TaM. 15. B BHHorpaJJ:e cyrneHoM HC nonycKaIOTCJI: HrOJl,bI 3arnHBIIIHC H nOpa)KeH- HblC aM6apHblMH BpC1J,J-ITCnHMH; rrpH3HaKII crrnpToBoro 6pmKeHIIH II rrnecc- HH, BIIJl.HMble HC Boop}')KeIDIblM rIIa30M; HaccKoMbIC, Bpc1J.HTenH, IIX nH- 1JHHKH H KYKonKH; MCraJillOnpHMccH, nCCOK, oll\Yll\aeMbIii opraHoIIcnTH- 'lCCKH H gpyrHc nocTopOHHHC npllMecII, OCTaTO'lHbIC KOnH'lCCTBa HJl,OXHMH- KaTOB CBCpX HOpM, nonycKaCMbIX MHHHcTepcTBoM 3gpaBOOXpaHCHHH eeep. H310M rrcpen ynoTpe6ncHHcM 01JHwalOT OT BCTO'lCK II oT6HpalOT nOCTO- pommc npCnMeTbI, npOMbIBalOT B BOJl,C npH TCMIICpaTYpc OKono 40° e. 1.12. OPEXH . OpCXH B XJIe60neKapHoM npoH3BogcTBc npHMCHJIIOT B 01JHIIJ;eHHoM, gp06nCHHOM BH.D;e 1J.]IH OTncnKII nOBcpXHoCTH HeKoTopblX H3.D;eIIHH. 34 2* 35 
l' a 6 JI II I! a 15 OpraoonenTH'leCKHe H aeKoTopbIC $U3HKO-XHMlI'ieCKlIe nOKa3aTCJIIf If310Ma 6ecceMHHHbIx COpTOB BlmorpaWl XapaKTepHCTlIK8 H HOpMbI no copTaM HaHMeHOBaHHe nOK838TeneH COHI'H ca633 COJIHeifli8H ca63a WT86eJIbHIIJI 6e,o;OHa WHI'aHH BhIC- WHit BTOpOH BTOpOH BbIClIIHH BTOpOH BbIC- wIDi: BTOpOH BbICIIIHH BTOpOH IJ;BeT CBeTnO-3cne- CBeTno- CBCTnO- OT CDeT- Kopllq- HbIn 3eJleHbIfi KOpH'IHC- nO-KO- HeBa- C )l(CJ1TO- BbIn pll'IHC- Tbln BaTbIM BOro 110 pa3- OTTeH- KOPllq- HbIX QT- KOM HCBoro TeHKOB OT CBeT- OT CBeT- OT 30- Kopll'l- EypbrH CHHeBaTO- CHHeBa- nO-3CJ1e- JlO-3cne- nOTIiC- HeBbln pa3HbIX 'IepHblil C npll- TO-'Iep- Horo 110 Horo 110 Toro 110 C 6y- OTTeH- MCCblO KpaCHOBa- HbIil C 30nOTHC- 30nOTlIC- CBeTno- pbIM OT- KOB TbIX HrOI1 B % (no KpaClIO- Toro TOro C KOPllq- TCHI<OM C'IeTY) , HC 60ncc BaTbIM )l(enTOBa- HeBoro 7 15 OTTeH- TbIM OT- KOM TCHKO M 6C3 nocTopoHHero npHBKyca II 3anaxa 19,0 19,0 19,0 17,0 17,0 17,0 18,0 18,0 18,0 10 8 6 10 8 6 13 10 7 1 2 3 2 5 1 2 5 BKYC II 3anax Cnap;KO-KYlCnbrH, MaccoBaH 110M BJiarn, %, Hc 19,0 19,0 19,0 19,0 19,0 19,0 60ncc Pa3Mcp Hrol1 no Hall60nblI1CMY 10 8 6 10 8 6 Jl,HaMeTpy B MM, He MeHCc ro,o;bl MeHblI1cro pa3Mcpa B % 3 6 3 5 8 (no CqeTY), He OOnec 36 , 37 
I1cnOIIb3YIOT: m:lpa MHH,I]a.JUI CIIaAKOrO (fOCT 16831-71), HApa rpel.{- Koro opexa (faCT 16833 -71) , HApa 4>YH)J,yKa (faCT 16835 -81) . OpeXH ynaKoBbmalOT ruIOTHO B 4>aHepHble HIllHKIf no faCT 10131-78 MaCCOH HeTTO 25 Kr mIll 1f3 ro4>PlfpomuIHoro KapToHa no faCT 13511-84 MaCCOH HeTTO AO 20 Kr. Tapa AOIDKHa 6bITb l.{eIIoH, KpenKoH, 'lliCTOH, CYXOH, He 3apa:>KeHHOH BpeAlfTeIIHMIf, 6e3 nOCTopomrnx 3anaxOB. ,lJ,r1H :nOH :>Ke l.{eIIH IfcnOIIb3yroT apaxn:c (606bI) - faCT 17112-71. KaqeCTBO opexoB HopMlfpyeTcH no TaKHM nOK83aTeIIHM KaK BHelll- HIfH BM, nOJUlOTa pa3BIfTIfH, Macca H):{pa, Bna)!(JfOCTb, 3acopeHHocTb, KOnH'JeCTBO nOMaHbIX H ropbKHX HAep, HanH'llie H):{ep, nOBpe)l(,!J;eHHblx BpeAllTenHMH, nnecHeBenblx, HAep HeJJ;opa3BIfTblX, nporopKnblx. He Aonyc- KaeTCH HaJIH'llie BpeAlfTeIIeH. OpeXH KelllblO ynaKoBbIBalOT B HlW'IKH AepeBHHHbJe WIll 4>aHepHbJe H A:>K}'ToBble MeIlIKIf. Tapa Aon)!(Jfa 6bITb l.{eIIOH, KpenKoH, 'lIICTOll, CYXOH, He3apa:>KeHHOH BpeAlfTeIIHMIf, 6e3 nocTopoHHIIX 3anaxOB. JIApa - LUJeTa CIIOHOBOH KOCTH, BnCl)!(JfOCTb - 3-5%, co):{ep:>KaHHe )KJJpa - 45-62%. llpooo/11KeIJue To6/1. 16 HaHMeHOBaHHe nOKa3aTelIeH XapaKTepHCTHKa H HOPMbI 1.13. nPHHOCTH Hanlf'IHe Hc/:(03penblx (3cneHbIx) nnonOB. %. He GoJlec HaJIHqlle nOBpe)l(,lJ;eHHbIX ITJIonOB, %, He 60Jlee MaCCOBaH /:(OJlJl MCTannOManIllTHblX npllMccelt (c pa3McpOM 'IaCTlIU He 60Jlec 0,3 MM B Hall- OOnLlI1eM JllIHCfuJoM pacwlIpeHlIlI) , Mr Ha 1 Kr npop;yKTa JJ:onYCKaeTCH 3arOTOBKa If nOCTaBKa nOTeMHeBIlIHX ruIOAOB, nOTepHB- II1HX Bcne):{CTBHe He6narOnpHHTHbIX YCIIOBIfH y60pKH HJIH XpaHeHHH CBOM eCTecTBeHHblH BH,I]. TMHH (OCT 18-37-71) - BblcymeHHble, 3peJIble ruIO,[(b1 AByxCeMJIHKH ABYXJIeTllero pacTeffilH, nplfMeHHIOT B KaqeCTBe npmmcrn. B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT Ha3HaqeHHH TMlfH BblIIycKaIOT l.{eJIblM H B IYIOJIOTOM BH,I]e. OpraHOJIenTH'leCKHe H 4>H3IfKO-XHMHqeCKlfe nOKa3aTenlf KaqeCTBa nplfBe):{eHbI B Ta6JI. 17, 3,0 3,0 10.0 KOplfaHAP (OCT 18-38-71) - CJIY:>KIfT )J)UI apoMarn3alUIIf yny'lIlleHHbIX Blf):{OB XJIe6a. no KaqeCTBY KOplfaHAP ):{on:>KeH COOTBeTCTBOBaTb Tpe60BaHHRM, YKa- 3aJIHbIM B ra6JI. 16. Ta6J1l1ua 17 OpriIHoncnTWiCCKHC If q,lf311KD-XHMH'ICCKIIC nOKa3aTClIH Kjl'leCTBa TMlIHB HaHMeHOBaHlfe nOKa3aTelIeH XapaKTepHCTHKa If HOpMbI Ta6J1l1ua 16 u;enblH MonOTbIM BI!elI1HlIi1 BlIn H UBCT nJlOJJ:blnpO/:(OlIronaTO- OBaJIbHOil cpOpMbI (P;JlH- Ila 3-8 MM, wlIpllHa 1 2 MM); KOpll'lHCBOrO UBeTa C 6ypoBaTo-3eJle- HOBaTblM OTTeHKOM }i(ry'll!J:I. ropbKoBaTo-npHHblil, CBo!1CT- BeI!HbIfi TMHHY, 003 nOCTopOHHIIX npll- BKyca II 3anaxa 12,0 2.0 8.0 2.5 nOpOlI1KooG- pa3HbIJ:I npo. AYKT KOpll'l- HeBoro UBeTa cIJII3IfKQ-XllMII'leCKHe II opraHOncnTH'ICCKHC nOK83aTeJIH KOplfaHp;pa HalfMCHODaHHC nOKa3aTelIeH XapaKTCpHCTHK8 H HOpMbI BHCWI! 11M BII/:( If UBeT nnO)J;bI WapOBlfAHoil cpOpMbi C npo/:(onb- HbIMH BbIAaIOll(lIMlICJI 113BlIJIlICTbIMlI pe6- pbllI1KaMlI l1HaMeTpoM OT 2 /:(0 5 MM; )l(enTOBaTo-KpeMoBoro uneTa npHHblil, apOMaTll'IHbII1. cBoilCTBeHHbIti KOpllaH,o;PY, Ge3 nOCTopoHHero npllBKYca If 3anaxa BKYC II 3anax MaCCOBaH /:(OJl51 BJ1arn. %, He 60nee MaCCOBaH /:(OJIH 3<lJHpHOrO Macna, %, Hc MeHee MaCCOB;lH /:(OJ1H 0611(eJ:l 30nbI. %. HC 60nee MaCCOB;I>I /:(0J151 npllMecell, %, He Gonec B TOM 'IlICJle: O'tJrdnll'leCKlIe. %. lIe 60ncc MHHepaJIbHbIC. %, He 60nec HaJlII'IHe paCKonoTbIX nno,o;oB (nOJlOBIIHOK). % He 60nce 12,0 0.5 6,0 3.0 2,5 0,5 5,0 MaCCOBaH nOJlJl Bnarn. %, He GoJlee. MaCCOBaH )J;OJlH 3cpllpHoro Macna. %, He MeHec MaCCOBaH )J;OJlH 06ructi 30Jlbl. %. He 60nee MaccoBaH nOJlJl nOCTOpOHHI1X npllMecelt. %. He 60 Jlce B TOM 'lHCne: opraHlltleCKlIX, %. HC 60Jlee MlIHepaJ1bHbIX. %. He 60Jlee Hanll'IHe nOBpe>K,QeHHbLX nJlO/:(OB TMlIHa. %. HC Gonee KpYITHOCTb nOMona: CXo,o; C ClITa N2 095. %. He GoJlCC npoxo/:( 'Iepe3 CHTO NQ 045. %. He MeHce MaccoBaH /:(onH MeTannonpHMeccti. Mr/lKr. He Gonec 12,0 2.0 8.0 Janax 2.0 0.5 2.0 2.0 10.0 80.0 10.0 38 39 
ThIomI aHllca (rOCT 18315-78) P;omKHbI 6bITb 3peJIbIMJi, B 3P;OpOBOM, HerpeIOl..I.(eMCH COCTOJIHHM, HMeTb 3eJIeHOBaTo-cepbIH lUieT H apOMaTH'IeC- KHll: 3anax, CBoHcTBeHHbrn HOpMaJIbHbIM 1UI0AaM. MaccoBaH P;OM BJIarH He 60JIee 13%, 3qmpHOMaCJlli'IHOH npHMecH P;aHHoro paCTeHHH - 8%, MaCCOBaJ:! JJ;OJIJI COpHOll: npHMecH p;onycKaeTCJI 3%, 3<PnpoMaCJ1H'IHaJ:! npHMecb JJ;pyrnx paCTeIllIll: He p;onYCKaeTCJI. KopHaHp;p, TMHH H aHllC IIepep; IIOAa'ieH Ha IIpOH3BOP;CTBO IIpoceHBaIOT: KopmUlp;p - 'iepe3 CHTO C KpyrJIbIM oTBepcrueM 2,0-2,5 MM, TMHH _ 1,5 MM, aHHC - 5,0 MM. TIpH YIIOTpe6JIemrn TMJiHa, aHHca H KOpHaH)J;pa B 3aBapKY HJIH B TecTO HX MO>KHO IIpep;BapHTeJIbHO JJ;p06HTb. D.p06JIeHHe pe. KOMeHA)'eTCH BeCTH IIOPLmOHHO, Tal< KaI< IIPH H3JIHlllHe )J;JIHTeJIbHOM XpaHe- IllIH H3MeJIb'ieHHOH MaCCbI 3aIIax HC'ie3aeT. K)'H)K}'T (mCT 12095 -76) B 3aBHCHMOCru OT L03eTa IIoJJ;pa3p;emuoT Ha THIIbI: I - 6eJIbrn rum C KpeMoBbIM oTTeHKoM; II - )KeJITO-KOpH'IHeBbIll: ruIH 6ypbrn pa3HbIX oTTeHKoB; III - 'iepHbIH. CeMeHa K)'H)K}'Ta, IIOCTaBJIHeMbIe )IJIH npOMbIIllJIeHHOH IIepepa60TKH, P;OJI>KHbI COOTBeTCTBOBaTb Ka'ieCTBeHHbIM IIoKa3aTeJIHM, IIpHBep;eHHbIM B Ta6JI. 18. CeMHH OWIoro THIIa JJ;OJI>KHO 6bITb He Menee 85%, lIHa'ie IIpoJJ;YKT onpep;e- JIHeTCH KaK CMeCb TImOB (c YKa3alllieM COCTaBa B IIpOIJ;enTax). B XJIe60IIeKapHoM IIPOH3BOJJ;CTBe IIpHMeHJIIOT THII I - ro.ny60M. MaK MaCJIII'IHbIH, ornycKaeMhlIf IIepepa6aThIBa!{)I..I.(HM IIpe.o;IIpHHTHHM, JJ;OIDKeH COOTBeTCTBOBaTh KaqeCTBeHHbIM IIoKa3aTeJIHM, IIpHBe.o;eHHbIM B Ta6JI. 19. Ta6J1lfua 19 \IJl!311KO-XHMH'lCCKlIC nOKa3aTcnll Ka'lCCTBa MaCJllI'IHOro MaKa HaUI\1eHOnaHHC nOKa3aTcnen r HopMa MaccoBaH /..IOllil Bnarn. %. I-Ie MeHee MaccoBaH /..IOnH COpI-IOti If MacnWIHOH rrpUMcccti (CYMMapHO). %, He 60JIcc B TO M tIllCJle: COpHoti CeM5IH 6eJlellbI 3apa)l(el-IHOCTL BpC/..llfTCJlHMlI XJ1C6HLIX 3arraCOB 11,0 15.0 COAep)l(aHlIC ceMHH KJ1eruCBlIHbI 3,0 0.1 He /..IOrrycKaeTcH, KpOMC 3apa- )l(eHHOCTlI KJ1eruOM He BbIIllC II CTerr Clm Hc /..IorrycKaeTcH TaGnllua 18 MaCCOBaH /..IOnH BJlarll, %, I-Ie GOJlee MaccoBaH /..IOJlH copHofi II MaCJ1l1'IHoti rrpllMecell (CYMMapllaH), %. HC 60nce B TOM tIllCJ1e: copllofi 3apa)l(eHHOCTb BpeAlITeJlHMlI XJleGHbIx 3arraCOB 9,0 15,0 CeMena MaKa JJ;OJI>KHbI 6bI11> He IIPOp9CIIIHMJi, HMeTh UBeT II 3anax, CBOHCTBeHHbIe nOpMaJIbnhIM ceMeHaM MaKa- (6e3 3aTXJIOrO, IIJIeCneBeJIOrO H p;pyrHx IIOCTopomillX 3anaXOB) . CeMeHa MaKa ynaKoBbIBaIOT B 'lHCTbIe, cyxne, He 3apaJ!(eHHbIe Bpe,I:\M- TeJIJIMll XJIe6UbIX 3anaCOB H He HMe!{)II!He IIOCTopomillX 3anaXOB MeIllI-."H IIO mCT 18228-85 H rOCT 19317-73. CeMeHa K)'H)K}'Ta H MaKa IIepeJJ; nyCKOM Ha npOlI3BOJJ;CTBO npoceHBa- !{)T 'iepe3 CHTO C pa3MepoM H'ieeK 2-2,5 MM, a 3aTeM npOMbIBaIDT BOP;OH Ha clue C pa3MepOM JI'ieeK He 60JIee 0,5 MM. BammlIH (rOCT 16599-71) IIOJIY'IaIOT cIIHTeru'ieCKH H IIpeJJ;cTaBJIJIeT c060ll: 6eJIbIH ruLl-I 6JIe.o;HO-JKeJITbIH IIOpOlUOK HrOJIh'IaThIX KpIICTaJIJIOB, 06- JIaAa!{)Il!HX BaHHJIhHbIt-1 3anaXOM. I1JIaBHTCJI IIpH 80,5 _82 0 C. PacTBopHeT- CJI B Bop;e IIPH TeMTIeparype 80 0 C B COOTHOlliemIH 1 :20 H AaeT IIp03pa'll-IbIH 6eClUieTHbrn pacTBop. COJJ;epJI<aHHe' BaHIIJIHHa B IIopolliKe P;OJI>KHO 6bITh 99%, 30JIbI - 0,05%. BaHHJIIIH ynaKoBbIBaIOT B IIOJIH3T1UIeHOBbIe MeIIIKu, KOTophIe BKJIa,ru,I- BaIOT B MeTaJlJIH'ieCKUe OOHI-."H H3 6eJIOH )Kecru MaccoH HeTTO 0,25-50 Kr. KpbIllIKH 6aHoK 3aKaTbIBaIOT Ha 3aKaTO'IHOH MallilIHe. He p;oIIycKaeTcH IIepeB03UTh BaHlUIIIH B BarOHax HJIH aBTOIvIallilIHaX BMeCTe C IIpop;yKTaMll co CIIeLm<pW-1eCKHM 3aIIaXOM. B COOTBeTCTBHM C "YKa3aHUHMll K peIJ;eIIrypaM Ha XJIe606YJIO'IHhIe U3p;ellifJI IIO B3aHM03aMeHJIeMOCT!I ChlPhJI" BMeCTO 1 r BaHIDIHHa MOJKeT 6bITh HCIIOJIh30BaH apOBaHHJIOH B KOJIH'ieCTBe 0,25 r YJIU 3TIDIBaIUUIHH, BaHMon. \IJl!3l1KO-XHMII'leCKHC nOKa3aTenll Ka'lCCTBa KYH)I(YTa HallMCl-JOBaHlIC rrOKa3aTeJlefi HopMa CO/..lep)l(aHlIe ceMHH KJlCllteBlIHbI 3,0 Hc /..IOrrycKacTCH. KpOMe 3apa)l(eH- HOCTII KJleruOM He BLIIlIe II CTe- rrCHlI He AorrycKaCTC5I CeMeHa KYH)K}'Ta P;OJI>KHbI 6bITh HerpeIOIltUMJiCJI, B 3P;OpOBOM COCTOH- mrn, HMeTh IJ;BeT H 3anaX, CBOIfCTBeHHbIe HOpMaJIhUbIM ceMeHaM K)'H)K}'Ta (6e3 3aTXJIOrO, lUIeCHeBeJIoro H p;pyrHx nOCTOpOHHHX 3anaXOB). CeMeHa K)'H)K)TTa ynal<t>BbIBaIOT B 'llICThIe, CYXHe, He 3apa)KeHHhle Bpe- ,I:\MTeJIHMH XJIe6HbIX 3anaCOB H He HMeIOIltHe IIOCTOpOHHero 3anaxa MelliKH no rOCT 18225-72 II rOCT 19317-73. MelliKH C CeMeHaMJi KYH)KYTa XpaHJIT B 'lHCThIX, cyxux, 6e3 IIOCTOpoHHe- ro 3anaxa, He 3apa)KeHHbIX Bpe}];HTeJIHMH XJIe6UbIX 3arraCOB CKJIap;ax. MaK MaCllif'lH.bIH (rOCT 12094-76) p;eJIHT Ha TPH nma: 1- rOJIy60H (rOJIy60BaTO-cephIH H cepo-rOJIy60H); II - 6eJIbrn (6em,rn H )KeJITbIH); III - 6YPO-KOpH'IHeBbIH (6ypbrn, 6ypo-KOpH'Il!eBbIH H KOpH'IHeBbIH). 40 41 
ApOBaHHJIOH HMeeT: 6eJIbIH C >KeJITOBaTbIM OTTeHKOM [!BeT, 3anax BaHHJIHHa 6e3 nOCTopOHHero 3anaxa. TIo KOHCHCTeHIUrn - JTO MeJIKHU KpHC- TaJ1JIH'IeCKHH nopOlliOK. TeMnepaTypa nnaBJIemUI - 73-74 0 C. BaHHJ1HH HJIH apOBaHHJIOH HCnOJIb3YlOT B BHD,e BOJJ;HOH cycneH3HH npH COOTHOllieHHH apOMaTH3aTOpa H BOnbI 1 :20 HJ1H 0,25720 COOTBeTCTBeHHO HJIH cnHpToBoro pacTBopa npH COOTHOlliemrn apOMaTI13aTOpa H cnHpTa 1 :0,5 HJIli 0,25 :0,5 COOTBeTCTBeHHO. .uonycKaeTcH pacXOnOBaTb BaHHJ1HH B CYXOM BHAe. KOpHWl (OCT 18-278-76) - BblcYllieHHaH Kopa KOpH'IHOrO nepeBa. B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT npoHCxo>K,D;eHHH CbIpbH KOpHIJy pa3JIH'IaIOT: eHJIOH- CKYIO, HBCKYIO, KHTaHCKYW, BbeTHaMCKYIO, HH)J,HMCKYIO. B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT Ha3Ha'leHHH KOpHI.{)' BbmycKaIOT B naJIO'IKax HJ1H MOJIOTaU. TIoKa3aTeJIH Ka'leCrna npHBeneHbl B Ta6JI. 20. HaHMeHOBaHHe nOKa3aTeneH OpraHOJlenTH'leCKlle II «lJ1I311Ko-XJIMH'leCKYle nOKa3aTeJlll Ka'lCCTBa KOplIbl l' a 6 n H II: a 20 MaCCOBaJ! 1J.OnH naJlO'leK C BlIl1IIMOtt nOBepxHoCTHoil nJicceHbJO, %, He 60- Jlee KpYllHOCTb nOMona: MaccoBM ,o;Om! CX01J.a C ClITa C pa3Mc- pOM CTOpoHbI H'IettKlI B CBeTY 0,95 MM, %, He Gonee MaccOBaJI ,o;Om! npoxoJJ;a 1IepC3 ClITO C pa3McpOM CTOpOHbI HtICilKII B CBeTY 0,45 MM, %, Hc MeHee MaccoBaJ! 110m! q,epporrpllMcceil (pa3Mep 1IaCTIIU 110 0,3 MM B Hall- 60JlblI1eM nllHeHHOM H3McpeHlIH)., MrHaKr,HC Gonec MaCCOBa51 110nH 3«lJHpHoro Macna, %, He MCHee MaCCOBaH j:\onJ! 0511(ett 3OnbI, %, HC Gonee MaCCOBaH 110nJI 30nbI HepaCTBopH- Mott B 10% conHHoil KIICJlOTbi, %, He OOJlee HaHMeHOBaHHe nOKa3aTeneH UeHnOHCKalI H JlBcKalI XapaKTepHCTlIKa H HOpMbI KHTaiicKalI /l.n.R KOpUIjbl e nallOKax naJlOtIKII B Bllne naJlO'lKlI. HC Tpy60'leK, rna1J.- O'lHll(eHHbIC KlIe, O'llllI1CH- OT HapY)I(HOrO IIble OT HapY)I(- cnon Horo CJ10n BlIelI1lIlIfi BlIn tiBeT CBeTno- KOpH'IHCBbIil KOpll1J!ICBbIti pa3H bIX OTTCHKOB BbernaMCKaH I1IIgHHCKaH llpoiJo.llJl(el/ue To6JL 20 XapaKTepHCTHKa H HOpMbI UeiinoHcKaH KHTaHCK8JI BbernaMCKaH H JlBcKaH l1H,rnriicKBH 3,0 5,0 5.0 2,0 2,0 2,0 80,0 80,0 80,0 10,0 10,0 10,0 0,5 0,5 0,5 5,0 5,0 5,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 3cceHIurn apmvtaTH'IeCKHe mUl(eBble (OCT 18-103-84) B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT Ha3Ha'leHIDI nOnpa3nenHIOT Ha CJIenywunre BH)J,bI: JCCeHIUrn )J,JIH KOH)J,H- yepCKHX H3nemlli, 3cceHIurn )J,JIR. 6e3aJIKOrOJIbHbIX HallHTKOB, 3cceHIUrn )J,JIH Ta6a'lHbLX H3nemrn. B XJIe60ne'lemrn HCnOJIb3YlOT 3cceHIUrn, npeJJ;Ha3Ha'leHHble )J,JIH KOH- )J,HTepcKoro npOH3BOACTBa. B 3aBHCHMocni OT COCTaBa 3cceHIUrn pa3neJIHIOTCH Ha: 3cceHu;HH, H3ro- TOBJIeHIIble H3 CHHTeTH'IeCKHX nYlllHCTbIX BeIl.(eCTB H 3QJHpHbIX Macen; H3- rOTOBneHIIhle H3 CMHTeTH'IeCKHX }JyIIillCTbIX BeIl.(ecTB, 3clmpHblx MaCeJI, CH- ponoB, 3KCTpaKTOB HJIH HaCToeB HarypaJIbHOrO CbIpMI. BHellllU1H BH,D" LtBeT H 3anax JcceHlUlli onpeneJUIIOT 110 rOCT 14618. 0-78. 3cceHu;HH apOMaTH'IeCKHe rrHIl.(eBhle XpaHHT B 3aKpblTblX, 3aTeMHeHIIbIX rrOMeIl.(eHHJIX npH TeMneparype He BbDlle 25 0 C. nanO'lKH lI1epo- XOBaTbIC, HC O'llllllCHHblC OT HapY)l(HOro cnOH KOpll'lHCBblfi C cepOBaTblM OTTCIIKOM JI./lJi KOpU Ijbl MOIlOTOU. CJlanKOBaTo-rrpHHblc, cBoiiCTBCHHb!e Kopllue, MC- Hce Bblpa)l(CHHbIe Y KlITattcKoi1 II BbCTllaMcKotl, 6C3 rrOCTopOHHcro 3anaxa H npllBKYca; nOp01I10I( KOpH'IHeBOI'O UBCTa pa3Hb!X OTTCHKOB Bkyc II 3arrax MaCCOBaH nonn Bnarll, %, He Gonce: nJiH KOpHUbI B rranOtIKax MOJlOTOti TOJllllllHa KOpb!. MM. He 60Jlec .J],nHHa naJlOtICK, CM, IIC Gonce MaCCOBaH nonn nanO'leK MeHce 10 CM, %, He 60ncc 13,5 12.5 3,0 10,0 5,0 42 13,5 12.5 5.0 10.0 5.0 1.14. XJ1EEOnEKAPHbIE YJIY'lIIIHTEJIH 13.5 12.5 7.0 10.0 3.0 cDepMeHTHble nperrapaTbI Bhlpa6aThIBaloT B BH,D,e rrOpOlliKOB CBeTJIO- ceporo HJIH cBemo.6e>KeBOrO LtBeTa C MaCCOBOH nOJIeH BJIarH He 60nee 13% (rmoKOaMHJIa3bI O'IHIl.(eHIIOU - He 60JIee 8%). TIpenapaTbl paCTBOpHMbI B BOne. TIpH paCTBopemrn norrYCKaeTCjJ BbIl1a)J.elllie He3Ha'IHTeJIbHOrO KOJIH- qeCTBa ocap;J<a. KOJIHqeCTBO 6aKTepHaJIbHOH MHKpoclmopbl He nomKHO rrpe. BhIIlIaTb 1.10 5 KonoHHM Ha 1 r npenapaTa. 43 
lIpenapaTbI 4>aCYIOT B 'lliCTbIe J:Q3oih-IbIe MelIlI<H H3 nOJ1H3THJIeHOBOii IUIeHKH no fOCT 10354-82 lUlli MelliKH nOJ1M3THJIeHOBbIe no fOCT 17811- 78 MaccoM HeTTO j1,0 10 Kr C nocneTJ,yloIl\eii ynaKoBKoii B lIIl\nKH j1,OIl\aTbIe j1,JUI TOBapoB ID:!Il\eBOH npOMbIlIDIeHHOCTH no faCT 13360-84 MaCCOH HeT- TO j1,0 15 KL lIOJ1H3TMneHoBble MelllKM CBapHBaIi)T, AMHIIOpH3HH lIlOx (OCT 64-037-87) nony'IaIOT npM nOBepXHocrnoM KynbTHBMpoBaJum rpH6a Aspergillus oryzae. AMHnoIDITIilJeCKa5I aKTHBHOCTh (Ac) aMllnOpM3HHa lIlOx - He MeHee 2000 ej1,., ocaxapHBaIOIl\aJI (OC).- He MeHee 10000 ej1,., rrpOTeOIDITHtJeCKaJI (TIC) - He Gonee 30 ej1,. Ha 1 r npe- napaTa. OmMMaJThHbIe ycnOBHlI j1,eiicTBHlI: pH 4,7-5,4 M TeMIIeparypa - 40-45° C. AMHJIOcy6mlliIH flOx (OCT 59-11-72) nOJ1)"UUOT IIPH rny6HHHoM KynhTHBHpoBamm: Bacillus subtilis. <DepMeHTaTHBHaH aKTHBHOCTh, ej1,/r npe- rrapaTa, He MeHee AC-3000, IIC-9 ej1,. OnTHMaJIhHbIe ycnOBHlI j1,eUCTBHlI npe- napaTa - pH-6,0-6,3, TeMIIepaTypa - 50-55°C. fmoKOaMHlIa3a O'IHIl\eHHaR (TY 59.01.003.65-83). TIpenapaT nony- tJ'lJOT TIPH rny6HHHoM KynhTHBHpOBaHMll Aspergillus .awamory C <pepMeHTa- TIlBHOii aKTlillHOCThIO j1,rUI nepBoH rpYlIIIhI KaqeCTBa: fnC- He MeHee 2000 (+300, - 100), AC - He MeHee 30, lIC - He GoJ1ee 15, j1,JI1I BTOpOH rpynnbI COOTBeTCTBeHHO - 1000 (+200, -100), 15 H 10. OIITMMaJIhHhIe ycnoBHH j1,eiicTBHf!: pH - 3,0-5,0, TeM1IepaTypa - 55-60°C. YJ1)"IlliliTenH KOMImeKCHbIe xne60neKapHbIe, YKX (TY 59.003.012- 83) BbIIIYCKaIOT J:Q3Yx THITOB - YKX-2 H YKX4. YKX-2 cOj1,epw!:T 4;>epMeHT- Hhm npenapaT aMHlIOpH3llH TIlOx H aMMoHHii cepHoKHcnbIii, YKX4 - aMM:- nopH3HH TII0x H HinpHf! TpHIIOJlliq,OC<paT. A,>1HJIOnHTMqeCKaJI aKTHBHOCTb, ej1,/r, He MeHee: YKX-2 - 1000, YKX-4 - 330. 3q,HpbI MOHorrrnuepMj1,OB H TJ,HaUHTlUIBHHHOH KHCnOTbI, ,IU3K - 3<p H pbI TBepiJ,bIe (TY 18-2/29-78). BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT B Blfj1,e Ta6neToK TJ,HaMeTpOM 10 MM H TOnIl.\MHOH 2 MM OT )KenTOro no KOpH'IHeBOrO UBeTa, oGna,IJ;aIOIUMX 3anaXOM YKCYCHOH ICHcnOTbl. MaCCOBaR nOnH BHHIIOH KHcnOTbI (CBOGoJ1,HOH H CB1I3aHHOH) - 15-25%, cB06onHOM YKCYCHOH KMCnOTbI - 1-2,5%, :>KHp- HblX KHcnOT - He MeHee 54%, 'lHcno OMblJIeHllil - 460-500 MI' KOH. ,lJ,BK - 3<pHpbI TBepnhIe yrIaKOBblBaJ.OT B KapToHHble Kop06a N° 1 no fOCT 13515-80 BMeCTHMOCTbIO He Gonee 10 :!: 0,3 KL BHYTpH Kop06a BblCTHlIaIOT nOIDI3THneHOBhIMH BKna,IJ;bIlliaMll HnM MelliKaMM: H3 rrepraMeHTa. TpaJlcnOpTHpOBaHHe ,lJ,BK-34>HpOB npoH3BoWIT B pe4>pmKepaTOpax npM reM1Ieparype 10_20° C. Yny'll.l.illTenh "BOJDKCKMM-2" (TY 18-2-2/55-84) COCTOHT H3 CMeCH IDIIl\e- BbIX nOBepXHocrno-aKTHBHbiX BemeCTB H >KHpOB B BOnHOM paCTBope caxa- pa. TIpej1,CTaBJ1f!eT C060M onHopo,IJ;HYID nacT006pa3H}'IO Maccy OT CBemo- no HHreHCMBHO KpeMoBoro uneTa co cna6blM 3anaXOM }'KCYCHOH KHcnOTbI. MaCCOBaJI j1,onlI BnarH H neTY'lliX BeIl\eCTB - He Gonee 19,5%; caxapa - He MeHee 31,5%, :>KHpOBbIX BeIl\eCTB - He MeHee 31,5, YKCYCHOiI KHcnOThI - He Gonee 2%. "BomKcKHll-2" yrIaKOBbIBaIOT 13 6apa6aHhI KapToHHbIe no fOCT 17065-77 BMeCTHMOCThIO no 50 J1 C J:Q30HHbIM IIOnH3THneHOBbIM BKna,IJ,bl- IlleM no OCT 49-129-78 lUlli 60'IKH <paHepHO-lliTaMIIOBaHHble no fOCT 5958-79. TpaHcnopTnpoBaHHe yny'IllIIITeJ1f! npH reMneparype B03TJ,yxa He BMIlIe 20° C npoH3Bo)J.f!T B KphITblX BaroHax H aBTOMaIillIHax; npn TeMnepa- Type B03TJ,yxa BbIllie 20° C - 13 H30TepMHQeCKHX BarOHax H aBTope4>PH)\(e- paTOpax. Kamlli 6pOMHOBaTOKHcnbIH, 6poMaT KaJUUI KB r 0 3 (fOCT 4457-74)- MenKOKpnCTaIDIHQeCKIDf nopollioK 6enoro UBeTa, paCTBOpHMhrn B BOj1,e. MaCCOBaf! j1,onf! O'CHOBHoro BeIl.\eCTBa - He MeHee 99,5%, HepaCTBOpHMbIX B BOj1,e BeIl.\eCTB - He 60nee 0,01 %. ACKop6HHOBalI KHcnOTa, C 6 H 8 0 6 (fWX CT. 6- cpapMaKOnef!) - KpMC- TaIDIH'IeCKHii nopollioK 6enoro UBeTa, KHcnoro BKyca H 6e3 3anaxa. flerKo pacTBopHMa 13 BOne. HaTpHlI THocynh<paT, mnOCYJIb4>HT, Na2 S2 0 3 (CT C3B 223-75)- MenKOKpHCTaIDIHQeCKIDf nopollioK 6enoro UBe:ra, XOpOlliO pacTBopMMblH B BOne. MaCCOBaf! nOnlI OCHOBHoro BeIl.\eCTBa - He MeHee 99,5%. OpTO<pOCcpOpHaJI KHCJ10Ta, H 3 P0 4 (fOCT 6552-80) - 6eCUBernaf! np03pa'IHalI >KH)J,KOCTh C MaccoBoH noneM OCHOBHoro BeIl.\eCTBa He MeHee 73%. Kap6a Mli n CH 3 {)N 2 (faCT 6691-77) - KpHc:ramm'IeCKHM rropOlliOK 6enoro UBeTa. C MaCCOBoii ,IJ;oneii OCHOBHoro BeIl\eCTBa He MeHee 99%. Kap- 6aMHn Hcnonh3YloT COBMeCTHO C opTO<pOC4>OpHOM KHCJ10TOH. KpaXM8J1 OKHCneHHbrn j1,JI1I XJ1e60neQeHlfH, MOM<pHI.T,IfpOBaHHbIH M.IJ.K (TY 10-04-08-61-87) B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT npHMeHlIeMOrO Cblphf! BhIIIYC- KaIOT nBYX MapoK. MapKa A - KpaxMaJI, oKHcneHHhIH 6poMaToM KaJIHlI; MapKa B - KpaXMaJI, OKHCneHHbrn rHII0XJ10pHTOM KaJIhLT,IflI. lIo opnlHOnenrn'IeCKHM H <pH3HKO-XHMllQeCKHM nOKa3aTenf!M OKHC- neHHbrn KpaxMaJI j1,JIJI xne60ne'IeHHlI ,IJ;On)\(eH coorneTCTBOBaTh Tpe60BaHMlIM, YKa3aHHbiM B :ra6n. 21. Ta6nl1ua 21 OprmOnCDTH'ICCKHe II q,1I3I1Ko-XHMlI'ICCKHC nOKa3aTCJllI MOAHq,HWlpOBa1IHOrO KpaXMaJia nOKll3aTc:rrn Ka'lCCTBa OKHcnCHHoro KpaXMana HaHMCHOBaHHC nOKa3aTeneH KYKYPY3Horo WMlIJIOnCKTlIHOBoro A I 13 A I B IJ;BeT 3anax MaCCOBaJlI10JlH.BJlarn, %, He fionee O,D;HOpO,D;HbIil nopoilloK EeJlbrfi, 110nYCKaeTcH )l(eJlToBaTbIil OTTciiOK CBOnCTBcHHbItI KpaxMany BIIelI1HlIfi BlIA 14 14 16 16 44 45 
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OT60p >l<H,!l;KHX Apo»<)\(eii Ha npoH3BoncTBO no I H II BapH1!lUaM oCeCTBJIJlIOT B pa3Mepe 1/2 06'beMa )l(HAKHX APO)\()\(eii 'Ie- pe3 3-4 'l. 1l0nHbIH 060POT ApmloKeBoro 'laHa paCC'lHTaH Ha 8 'l. no Mepe pacxoAoBaHlliI 3aKBawelUIoH 3aBapKH B npOH3BoAcTBe nonOJI- HeHHe ee npoH3BO)J.RT HOBOH nopD;HeH ocaxapelUIoii H oxna»<JJ.eHHoii 11.0 50- 52° C 3aBapI<H, KOOO'leCTBelUIO paBHoH oT60py. Ecoo pa60TalDT He C O,n;HHM 'laHOM 3aKBauntBaHHJI, TO Benwnma pa30BOrO TIOnOnHeHHH Ka»<JJ.oro 'laHa OCTaBHT a/n (a - 3-4-'laCOBOH OT60p )KH)J.KHX ApO>lOKeH, n - 'lHcno qaROB). Ha MeJII<HX npegnpllilTHHX 3aKBaruelUIYro 3aBapKY MO)I(HO rOTOBHTb O)J,HH pa3 B cyrI<H B KOJIH'leCTBe, 06ecne'lHBalollleM CYTO'IHyro nOTpe6HOCTb B HeH npegnpllilTlliI. 1l0JIHbm OT60p 'laHa )J.J1H 3aKBalIIHBaHMH 3aBapKH - 12-14 q. 3aKBarnelUIaH 3aBapKa nocrynaeT Ha' nOnOJIHeHHe OT06paHHbIX )KHnI<HX APo»<»<eH. Ee 3-4-'laCOBble oT60pbI nomKHbI COCTaBnHTb 1/7 pa60'leH eMKOC- ni 'laHa 3aKBauntBaHHH. 3aKBarueHHaH 3aBapKa nocne oT6opa nonommeTCH TaKHM »<e KOnH'leCTBOM CBe»<enpHrOTOBneHHOH ocaxapeHHoH 3aBapKI1 Ta- KOH »<e TeMnepaTypbl. He06xo)J,HMO, '!:T06bI B 1IaHe 3aKBaIllHBaHHH Ha npoTH- »<eHID! Bcero wuma nOMep»<HBanaCb TeMnepaTYPa.6nH3KaH K 50°C. B OTnenbHbIX cn)"IaHX npH CHH»<emrn Ka'leCTBeHHblX nOKa3areJIeH >!iliA- KHX npO)\()\(eH (nOn'beMHaJI CH1Ia 60nee 30 MHH, KOJIH'leCTBO ApO)!()\(eBbIX I<JIeTOK MeHee 90 MJlH/r) B npo)!()\(epaCTHnbHbIH 'laB BMeCTe C 3aKBameHHoH 3aBapKOH (HOO IIHTaTeJIbHOii cMecbIO) cne}JyeT BHOCHTb CepHOKHCnbm aM- MOHHH B KOnH'leCTBe 0,05-0,07% K Macce 3aKBarueIllioH 3aBapKH (B BH)J;e BOAIwro 1O-30%-ro pacTBopa). Op;HHM H3 cpeAcTB ynY'lllleHHH Ka'leCTBelUIbIX nOKa3aTeneii »(11)J;I<HX APO)\()\(eH HBnHeTCH npHMeHeHHe cneIUlaJIbHO 06pa60TaHHblx npeccoBaHHblx JJ.po)\()\(eii xopolliero Ka'leCTBa (fOCT 171-81). )J.nH :3Toro npeccoBalUIble APO)I()!(H (0,2-0,3% K Macce )l(HJJ.KHX npO)\(- )\(eH) pa3Bo)J.RT B BOAe C TeMTIepaTypoH 30-35°C npH COOTHolIIeHHH 1 :10, A06aBnmoT caxap - 10-20% H JIHMOHHyIO I<HCnOTY - 1 % K Macce npecco- Ba,HHbIX npo)\()\(ii. nonyqelUIYIO cycneH3HIO nQBO)J.RT JJ.O TeMnepaTypbI 45-50° C, nponycKaIOT 'lepe3 Hee B03}JyX (c nOMOlllblD MHKpoKoMnpecco- pa jJ)JH aKBapHYMa HnH nYTeM HHTeHCHBHoro nepeMeIllHBaHHH), CHHMaIOT 06pa30BaBrnYlocH neHY, cOnep»<alllYIO oTMepIllHe npO)\()\(eBble KnerKH H no- CTopoHHHe I\lliKpOOpraHH3Mbi. nOnrOToBneHHble TaKHM 06pa30M npmK)I(H nepeHocHT B 3aKBarneJiHYIO 3aBapKY, oxna>K,D;eHHYIO no 28-32°C C KHcnOT- HOCTbIO 8-10 rpan B KOnH'leCTBe 10% K Macce 3aBapKH, Bbrnep)I(HBaIOT npH TeMnepaTYpe 28-32°C B Te'leHHe 5-6 'I. 1l0nY'leHHYIO 6PO)J.RlllYIO Maccy BBO)J.RT B npoH3BoJJ.cTBeIDlble )l(HnI<He ApmloKH. nOnCeB 06pa6oTaHHblX OIIHCaHHbIM cnoc060M npeccOBaHHbIX Apo>lOKeM npoH3Bo)J.RT 1 pa3 B cyTKH no ynyqrueHIDl nOJJ.'beMHOH CHJ1bI »<H)J.- KHX npo»<»<eii (16-20 MHH) H YBenH'leHHH cOnep»<aHHH npO»<»<eBbIx I<JIe- TOK (250-300 MJIH/r). Pacxon )l(HAI<HX npo)\()\(eif B npoH3BOnCTBe 3aBHCHT OT copra BbIpa6a- TbmaeMoro H3nenHH H COCTaBnHeT (% K Macce MYKH B TecTe): )J.J1H xne6a H3 nrneHlI'lHOH M}'I<H I copTa - 20-25%, H3 nrneHll'IHOH MYKH II copTa - 30-35%, H3 MYI<H nrneHH'lHoii 06oiiHOH - 35 -40%. llpH HcnOnb30BaBHH )l(HJJ.I<HX npo)!()\(eif B CMeCH C npeCCOBaHHblMH pacxon HK COCTaBJIHeT (% K Macce MYKH B TeCTe): )J)lH xne6a H3 MYKH IIllIeHH'lHOH I copTa - He 60nee 15%; )J.J1H xne606ynO'IHbIX H3neJlliH H3 MYKH IIllIeHH'lHoii I H BbIcrnero copTa (6aTOHbI - rrpOCTOH, Hape3HOH; CTyn eH - qecI<Hif, xne6 6eJIbIM H3 M}'I<H mUeHH'lHoii I H BbIClIIero COpTOB) - 7-10%; lJ)1H xne6a 113 CMeCH p»<aHOH H nrneHll'IHoii MyY<H (yY<paHHcI<Hii HOBbIH, OpnOBCI<HH, napHHl(KHM, CTonOBbIii, CTOnH'lHbIif, POCCHHCKHii) - 10-15%. npH npHMeHemrn )l(HnKHX npo»<»<eH HJ1H CMeCH )l(HnKHX H npeccoBaH- HbIX nonycKaeTcH YBenH'lHBan KOHe1lHYIO KHCJIOTHOCTb onapbI H TeCTa Ha 1 rpan. npHMep pacqern pacxona CbIpbH H o6opyn OB aHlliI n:rrn npoH3BOACTBa »<H)J,KHX p,pO)\()\(eH BbIpa60TKa xJle6a 113 nlI1eHIi'IHOll MYKH II c - lOTI CYTKII PaC'ICT pacxooa OCHOBH020 U OOnO.flHUTC.flbHOi?O CblpbJ/. 1. CYTO'lHbIif pacxon MyY<H nnH npHroTOBneHllR: 10 T xne6a (BbIXOJJ. xne6a - 145%) : lOX 100 145 6,86 T. 2. Pacxon MyY<H B 'lac: 6860 23"= 300 I<I'/'l. 54 55 
3. qacoBoii: pacxoJJ; )!lliJJ;IGrX APO>IOKeii:: 300XO,30 = 90 KY/q PaC'IeT o60PY006aHW1. PacqeT o6opYJJ;oBaHIDI npOH3BOP',HTCH B COOTBeTCTBHH C 06'beMOM ocaxa- pernlOii: 11 3aKBalUeHHoii: 3aBapKH, :>KHJJ;KHX p:po)!OKeii:: 8. KOJIH'IeCTBO 3aBapO'llibIX MalUMH: (;a;03HpOBKa :>KHJJ;KHX ;a;po)JOl(eii: B TeCTO - 30% OT MaCCbl M}'KH B TeCTO) . 4. qacoBoii: pacxoJJ; M}'KII )JJIH IIpllroTOBJIeHIIH :>KH)J:KMX JJ;p0)l()!(eii: (co- OTHOlUeHHe MYKa-BoJJ;a 1:4 B 3aBapKe): 90 : 5 = 18 Kr/q. 90 (TIpox + TIP3aB + TIPocax) X 1,05 60 X 250 90 X 190X 1,05 60 X250 1,197, 5. qacoBoii: pacxoJJ; ocaXapemlOll: 3aBapKH: 18X5 = 90 Kr/q. 18X23XO.03 100 0,1242 KY, r;a;e 90 - qaCOBO" pacxOJJ; ocaxapeHHoii: 3aBapKH, Kr; TIpox - npoJJ;OJI:>KHTeJIbHOCTb OXJIa)!()J;eIillH M}"JH0ii: 3aBapKH, MHH (60 MllH); TIP3aB - npop:OJI:>KHTeJIbHOCTh 3aBap1lBalUfH, MHH (10 Mlm) ; TIpocax - IIpO;a;OJI:>KHTeJIbHOCTb ocaXapMBaHHH, MHH (120 MMH); 1,05 - 05'beMHaH Macca 3aBapKH, Kr; 250 - KOJIli'leCTBO ocaxapeHHoii: 3aBapKli, Kr (Ta6JI. 23). ,IJ,nH nplirOTOBJIeHliH MY'lliOii: 3aBapKli B KOJIH'leCTBe 250 Kr IIpHHliMaeT- CH K YCTaHOBKe 2 3aBapO'lHbIX MaIIDIHbI X32M-300. 9. KOJIH'leCTBO 'laHOB )J,JIH 3aKBalUeHlwH 3aBapKli; 05'beM 3aKBalUeH- Hoii: 3aBapKH: 90 X 7 X 1,1 == 693 Kr, rp:e 90 - 'l3COBOM pacxoJJ; ocaxapeHHoii 3aBapKH, Kr; 7 - npoJJ;OJI:>KHTeJIMfOCTb 3aKBalUliBaHliH 3aBapKH, '1; 1,1 - K03<l>4mIWeHT 3anaca eMKocrn Ha BCneIillBaHHe. ,IJ,nH nplirOTOBJIeHHH 3aKBaIIIeHlwii: 3aBapKli rrpliMeHHeTcH K YCTaHOBKe 2 qaHa P3-XtI,!(-1400 (1 - 3anaCHoil). 10. KOJIH'lecTBo 'laHOB )J,JIH :>KH;a;KliX ;a;po)l()I(eii:: 06'beM :>KH;a;KHX JJ;po>lO!,eii:: 90 X 4 X 1,35 = 436 Kr, r 90 - qaCOBoH pacxoJJ; MY'lliOii: 3aBapKIf, Kr; 4 - npoJJ;OJI:>KHTeJIbHOCTb nplirOTOBJIeHlIH p:po)l()I(eil, '1; 1,35 - K03HIWeHT 3anaca eMKOCTH Ha BcneHIfBaHHe. )J,ru:!: p:aHHorO 05'beMa )l(HAKHX JJ;p0)!OKeil npliHllMaeTcH K ycraHoBKe qaH P3-Xq,!(-1400 - 2 lUT. (B TOM 'illCJIe 1 3anacHoH 'laM). 6. PacxoJJ; 3aKBalUeHHoH 3aBapKH: 90X7 == 630 Kr, rJJ;e 7 - npoJJ;OJI:>KHTerrbHOCTb 3aKBalI1llBaHHH 3aBapIGr, 'I. Y'illTbIBaH pa3HlilO' Me)!()J;y npOJJ;oml<lUeJIbHOCTblO 3aKBaIIillnaIIHH 3aBap- KH (7 '1) H BblpaIWIBaHHH JJ;p0)l()I(eii: (4 'I), 05'beM 3aKBalUeHHoM 3aBapKH YBeJIH'llIBaeTCH B 2 pa3a. 630X2 == 1260 Kr. 7. CYTO'llibIii: pacxop:: COJIOAa HeepMeHrnpOBalmOrO - 2%K-Macce MYKH B 3aBapKe: 18 X23X2 == 8 28 100 ,Kr, AMHJ10pH3liHa TIlOx (AC-2000 eA/r) - 0,01% K Macee MYKli B 3aBapKe: 18X23XO,0l = 0 414 100 ,0. Kr, l'J1IOKOaMIDIa3bI0'illl..I.(eHHOH (fJ1C-2000 epJr) -0,03% K Macce MYKli B 3aBapKe: CMeCli AMIDIopH3HHa TI lOx (AC- 2000 e;a;/r) H rJIIOKOaMHJ1a3bl OllHru;eH- HOM (fJIC-2000 epJr): 18X23XO,05 AMIlJIOpH3HH TIlOx = 100 18X23XO 03 fmOKOaMHJ1a3a == 100 ' 0,1242 KY. 0,0207 Kr, AnnapaTypHaH cxeM3 IIpHrOTOBJIeHHH )l(H,U;KHX npo)l()I(eu B 3aBliCHMOCrn OT BaplfaHTa npolf3Bop:CTBa )K!f,!J;KliX JJ;po)!OKeil (5e3 pa35aBJIeHHH BOJJ;oH H C pa35aBJIeHlieM BOAOH) alIIIapaTypHo-TeXHOJIOrH- qeCKaH cxeMa 5blBaeT ABYX rnnOB. AnnapaTypHaH cxeMa npHroTOBJIeHliH )l(H,[(KliX JJ;po:>IOKeii: 5e3 pa35aB- JIeHliH BOAoii: BKJIlO'laeT 3aBapO'lHYIO MalI1llHY MapKH X3-2M-300, 5aqOK BOP:OcOJIenogroTOBHTeJIbHbIH ffi2-X,IJ,H, A03aTOp CbInytIHX KOMIIOHeHTOB ffi2-X,!(2-A H qeTblpe 'laHa MapKH P3-Xq,!(-1400, npeAHa3HaqeHHble )JJIH 3a- KBalUMBaHliH 3aBapKH, )J,JIH OXJIIDKAeHliH 3aKBalUeHHoM 3aBapKH, )J,JIH Bbl- pauumaHliH AP0)K)I(eii H pacxop:Hblii 'laH, H3 KOTOpOro :>KHAKHe AP0)l()KH no- cTynaroT Ha npOH3BOACTBO. 56 57 
qaH }J,JHI OXJ1IDK,lJ;eHHH 3aKBauIeHHOH 3aBapKH cHa6JKeH Termo06MeH- HHKOM M3C-079. C eJIblO nOMep>KaHHH BbICOKOH TeMnepaTypbl B qaHe wm 3aKBalllHBaHHH pa3Mell(aeTCH 3MeeBMK, no KOTOpOM}' nponYCKaeTCH nap. qaHbl )J.J1H 3aI<BaIllliBaHHH H Bblpall(HBaHHH AP0)l()l(eH cHa6>KeHbl TMXO- XOnHblMH MeruaJIKaMH (PMC. 1). .. DOJtO'lDO 3aBapHBaHMe I\.1}'KlI, ocaxapHBaHHe H 3aI<BaUIHBaHMe 3aBapKM npoM3Bo- 1J,HTCH TaK JKe, KaK H npH rrpMroTOBnemIM :>KH)J.KMX )];p0)l()l(eH 6e3 pa3631meHllH BOAoH, )J;aJIee 3aKBameHHaH 3aBapKa rrepeK3'111BaeTCH B 'ffiH )J.J1H OXJ1aJKAeHllil 3aKBarueHHoH 3aBapKH (}J.JIH npMroToBneHMH ID:ITaTeJIbHOI1 cMecH) M H3 BOAoMepHoro 6a'lKa CID:lBaeTCH orrpep:eJIeHHblM KOJIWleCTBOM XOJIOAHOH BO- Abl B 3aBMCHMocrn OT CIeneHH pa36aBJIeHHH 3aI<BameHHOH 3aBapKll. TIoCJIepylOll(Me 3TaIIbi rrpoH3BoAcTBa )l(J.jJJ:KlIX p:poJKJKeii aHaJIOrH'lHb1 BapmllI1}' I, onMcaHHoM}' Bblrue. TIpH npoeKTHpOBamIM Ap0)l()l(eBbIX eXOB JKeJIaTeJIbHO HCXO}J;HTh H3 B03MOJKHO 60JIee npocToro YCTpoHcrna exa, C MIffiHMaJIbHOH 3aTpaTOH MeXaHHqeCKOH 3Hepnm, C TaKHM pa3Mell(emreM qaHOB, qT06bl M36eJKaTb JIllilIHllX nepeKa'illBaHHH ocaxapeHHoH, 3aKBarueHHoH 3aBapKif H )/(H)];KlIX Ap0)l()l(eH. B 06H3aTeJIbHOM nOpHJJ:Ke ex LlOJIJKeH 6hlTb 060pYP:oBan BhITIDI<- HOH BeHTHlIHIJ;HeH )J.J1H yp:aJIeHllH 60JIbruoro KOJUf'IeCTBa yrJIeKI1CJIOrO ra3a H BOLlHHbIX napoB, KOTopble BbI)J,eJIillOTCH B npoecce Bblpall(MBaIUiH )l(J.jJJ:KlIX Ap0)l()l(eH (1 M" :>KH)J.KMX AP0)l()l(eH 3a 8 'I BbIp:eJIHeT )];0 7,5 M 3 yrJIeKllcJIoro ra3a). IIoMell(eHHe exa P:OJIJKHO 6bITb CBeTJIhIM, OTHOClITeJIbHO npocTopHbIM, OCHall(eHHbIM OTp:eJIbHbIM OTceKOM lDIlf KOMHaTOH, rAe pa3MemaeTcH He06- XOAMMoe 060pY)];OBaHHe )J.J1H TeKYlilero KOHTpOJIH 3a KaqeCTBOM )l(J.jJJ:KHX p:p0)l()l(eH. KpoMe Toro, 3p:eCb AOJIJKHbl 6bITh pacnOJIOJKeHbl paKOB!1Hbl C nOA- BO)J.KOH XOJIO]J,HOH M rOpHqeH BO)];bl, OT)];eJIbHblM BO)];OCJIMBOM Henocpep:cT- BeHHO B nOJIY (}J.JIH MOHKH nOMell(eHHH exa). CTeHbJ exa JKeJIaTeJIbHO BbIDOJKHTb 6eJIOH rmHTKOH, Ha OKHax AomKHbI 6blTb pa3MemeHhl MeTaJDIH- qeCKUe ceIKM BO M36eJKaHHe npoHliKHoBeHHH B ex B JIeTHee BpeMH Hace- KOMbIX. r-l y PHe. 1. ArrliapaTypHaJI CXCMa rrpHrOTOBneHIUI )l(l!AKlIX AP0)l()I(ell 1 - GaQOK BOnOconenOnroTOBHTC1IbHbIH 1II2-X)J;H; 2 - n03aTOp cbmy'lllx KOMnOHeH- TOB 1II2-X,l],2-A; 3 - 3aBapO'IHaH MaWHHa X3-2M.300; 4 - 1IaH npm!OKeBOii P3-XQ,l],. 1400; 5 -1IaH P3-X'l,l],c BOp,JIHOii pyGawKoii; 6 - HaCOCHaH YCT3HOBKa IJJHK-18.S 3aBapMBaHHe I\.1}'KH M OCaXapHBaIille 3aBapKH OCyureCTBJIHeTCH B 3aBa- pO'lHOH MalIDII-Ie, H3 KOIOpOH ocaxapelffiaH 3aBapKa C nOMOll(blO HaCOCHblX YCTanOBOK IIIHK-18,5 nOCTynaeT B qan}J.JIH 3aKBaIlIHBaHHH. 113 qaHa LlJIH 3aKBalUHBaHHH 3aBapKa rrepeKa'll1BaeTCH B 'Ian P:JIH ox- JIaJK,!J;eHllil 3aKBameHHOH 3aBapKH. 3AeCb 3aKBameHHaH 3aBapKa OXJ1aJK,!J;a- eTCH H nOCTynaeT B 'Ian )J.J1H Bblpall(HBaHHH :>KHP:KlIX p:pOJKJKeH. .1J.aJIee JKHP:- KHe ApOJKJKH nepeKa'illBaIOTCH B paCXOAHbrii qaH H nocTynalOT Ha npOH3- BOACTBO. B omwrne OT anrrapaTypHOH CXeMbI npOH3BOACTBa JKH)J.KHX p:pOJKJKeH 6e3 pa36aBJIeIillH BOAOH B cxeMe npHrOTOBJIeIillH >KIfP:KMX p:poJKJKeii C pa3- 6aBJ1eHMeM BOAOH, rrOMHMO YKa3aHHbix eAMHlI 060pY)];OBaHHH, P:OII01lliH- TeJIbHO BKJIIO'IeH elile o}J;lm Bop:OCOJIenop:rOTOBHTeJIbHbIH 6aqOK IU2-X)U1, KOTOpbrii pacnOJIaraeTCJI HenocpeAcTBeillm Hap: qaHOM }J.JIJI OXJ1aJKp:eHHH 3aKBarueHHoH 3aBa pKH (P:JIJI npHrOTOBJIeHHJI mna TeJIbHOH CMeCH). 58 59 
B pa3BO)],0'lliOM WlKJIe ee rOTOBHT 1'13 MYKH, BO)J.bI, 'illCTbIX KynbTYP 3aKBaCO'IHbIX )],pO:>iOKei1: 1'1 MOnOlllIOIQIICJThIX 6aI<TepHH, IUIH 3aKBaCKH npe)K- Hero npHroToBnelillH C )],06aBneHHeM B I «1Ja3e npeCCOBaHHbIX )],p0)K:>KeH. B npoH3Bo)],cTBellliO!\1 IUIKJIe rycTYlO 3aKBacKY no)],)],ep)!G!Ba,I{)T B aKTHB- HOM COCTOHHHH rryTeM OCBe)KeHHH no )],OCTH)KeHHH Tpe6yeMoH KllcnOTHOCTH. B n6nHIJ;aX pacxo)], CblpbH B 3aKBaCKax no «1Ja3a..l\1 pa3Bo)],O'ffioro J.W[Kna nOKa3aH H3 pacqeTa Ha 100 KI' MYlGi B III «1Ja3e, B npoH3Bo)],CTBeHHOM IlliK- ne - Ha 100 Kr M)'I<R B 3aKBaCKe. IIpH 3aMeCe TeCTa C rYCTOH 3aKBaCKOH BHOCHT 25-33% MYKH C nocne- )],YIDIWIM Bbl6pa:>KMmUmeM B TeqeHHe 75-120 MHH 1UIn: 40-60% MYKH (Ha ,,60JThlllOH" rycToi1: 3aKBacKe) C COKpaIIJ;eHHeM npo)],on>KHTe.JIbHOCTH BbI6pa- :>KMBaIlHfI )],0 30-60 MIDi. Pa3)],en 3 cnOCOBbI IIPHrOTOBJIEHIDI TECTA B HaCTO.HIIJ;eM pa3)],ene OIIRCaHbI OCHOBHbIe npaBlUla 1'1 THIIH3HpOBaH- HbIe TeXHonorWleCKHe pe)!GfMbI npMroToBJieHHH TeCTa 1'13 pa3HbIX COpTOB MYKH p:>KanOH, nllleHWllIOH H HX CMeceH, npH c06nlO)],eHHH KOTOpbIX 06ec- netJHBaeTCH Bblpa60TKa CTaH)],apmOH npo)],YKI.UIlf. IIpH nepepa60TKe M)'KH C nOHH)KeIffibIMH XJle60neKapHbIMH CBOMcrna- MH TeXHOJIOrHqeCKHe napaMeTpbl Moryr KoppeKTHpOBaThCH B COOTBeTCTBHH C peKOMeH)],au,tUIMH (IIpHJ10)Kelllie N° 4). IIpH 3TOM BJ1a)KHOCTh, KHCJIOTHOCTh, nopHCTOCTh rOToBoH np0)],YKIOOI )],on>KHbI 6i>ITb B npcp;enax, yCTaHOBJIeHHbIX HopMaTHBaMH IUIH )],onYCKaMH, pa3peIlIeHHbIMH )],HpeKTHBHbIMH )]'OKYMeHTaMH' Pa3BO)],O'llibIH KJI C DpHMeHeHHeM )Iill)],KHX 'lHCThIX Kynb1YP AP0:»oKeA 1'1 MOJIOIJHOKHCJThlX 6aKTepHii B KaqeCTBe 'lHCTbIX KYJIbTYP Hcnonb3YlOT CMeCb nellliHrpa)],cKHx IlITaM- MOB MOnO'IHOKUCnbIX 6aKTepIDi L.plantarum-63, L.brevis-5, L.brevis-78 B CoqeTa1urn: co IlITaMMOM )],p0)K)KeH S.minor "qepHOpeqeHCKHii" Ha conO)],OBOM cycne (Ta6n. 24). 3.1. IIPHrOTOBnEHllE TECTA 113 PiKAHOA MYKII II CMECM PJl{AHOA II nIIIEHll'IHOH MYKM Peucmypa II pe1!GIM npllrOTOBJlCHlIft rycroH 3aKBaCKII B pa3BOAO'IHOM ltHKJle Ha )I(l!AKIfX KYJIbTYPax ,o;pOJlOKeH II MOJIO'IHOKHCJIbIX 6aKTcpHii TecTo }J.JlH xne6a H3 P)KaHOH 1'1 CMeCH P)KlliiOH H nIllellli'IHOH MyKH MO)K- HO IIpHroTOBJIHTh Ha rYCTOH 3aKBaCKe; Ha :>KM)],KOH 3aKBaCKe 6e3 3aBapKH; Ha )KH,1J;KOH 3aKBaCKe C 3aBapKOH; Ha KOHIJ;eHTpHpOBaHHOH 6e3)],pO>lOKeBoii MOnOtJHOKHCnOH 3aKBaCKe. no nOJ1HOMY pa3BOp;OIJHOM)' J.W[KJIY 3aKBaCKH npHroToBnHIOT 1-2 pa- 3a B rOA no YCTaHOBJIeIffioM)' Ha Ka)!{)J;OM npeAIIpHHTHH rpa«1JHKY ruIH no Mepe He06xo)J;llMocrn npH YXYAIllemili nO)],'beMHOH CMbl, 3aMe}J.Jlemili KHC- JIOTOHaI<onnelllia:, H3MeHefl..llli BKyca, 3anaxa H APyrnx )],e4;>eKToB H3-3a BbI- Hy)K}J.eHH.bIX npocToeB IUIH HapyrnellliM YCTaHoBneHHoro TexnonOrnqeCKOrO pe:>KMMa. TaGJIlIua 24 HaHMeHOBaIlHe CbIpbH, nony.pa6pm<8ToB H nOKa38TeJ1efi npov;ecca III <I>a3bI pa3BOnO'IHOro IJ;HKn8 )!(lIP;KlIC KYJlbTypbI MOJlO'IHOKHCJl.bIX 6aKTcpllit, 11: L.plantarum-63 L. brcvis-5 L.brcvis-78, )!(HP.KM KYJlbTypa p;p0)l()Kcfi S.minor "qepHope'leH- CKnit",11 3aKBaCKa npCI1bIAYIUel1: !}Ja3bl, Kr KOJIH'leCTBO MYKII B 3aKBaCKe, Kr MYKa p)l(amill oOOfiHaH lInll OGP;lIpHM, Kr BOAa, Kr 06IUaJ! Macca, Kr BJ1axmocTb, % TCMIIepaTYpa Ha'laJlbHa5l, 0 C KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHM, rpap;: 113 06ol1:Hoil MyKII 11:3 OGAHpHol1: MYKII npol10Jl)l(l!TeJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHH5I, 'I 3.1.1. nproToBneHHe TeCTa Ha I'YCTOA 3aKBaCKe ,UaHHlJIlI cnoco6 peKOMeH.nyeTcH npHMeHHTb npH nplITOTOBnemlH TeCTa 1'13 P)KilHOi1: 060fuIoH 1'1 06)],llpHOH M)'KH, a TaK)Ke H3 CMeCIi pa3HbIX COpTOB P)Kil!JOH H IDlieHHIJHOH M)'KIL fYCTaH 3aKBaCKa )],on)KHa HMeTb Bna)KHOCTb 48-50%, KHcnOTHOCTb 13-16 rpaA H3 P)KaHoi1: o60fuIoH IUlH 11-14 rpaA H3 P)Kil}{OH 06)],UPHOH M}'KH 1'1 nO)],'beMHYID CllJIY "no rnapHKY" )],0 25 MIiH. 60 0,4 0,3 ' 0,3 0,15 13,0 13,0 27,0 58-60 26-28 27,0 13,0 27,0 14,0 68,0 48-50 26-28 7-9 6-8 10-13 9-11 8-10 4-6 68,0 40,0 60,0 42,0 170,0 48-50 26-28 13-16 11-14 4-6 61 
npH BblBeAemrn rYCTOH 3aKBaCKH no pa3BOIJ;0'lHOMY ltHKny B 'illCT}'ro eMKOCTh BHOCliT 'laCTh BOAhI (06hl'lH0 50% OT 0611tero KOnH'leCma ee) C TeMIIepaTypoH OKono 28 0 C H 'lHCTLle KynbTypLI MHKpoopraHH3MOB Ha conOAOBOH cpelJ;e, nOAI'OTOBneHHLle cornaCHO HHCTPYKIOOI (npHnO:>KeHHe). 3aTeM IJ;06aBnHroT M}'KY, OCHlBmyroCH BO)]y, Bce TlltaTeJ1LHO nepeMellIHBa- lOT 1J.0 nOJ1yqeHHH OAHOp01J,HOH MaCCLI H OCTaBnHIOT 1J.1"111 6pO:>KeHHH. Ha 3a- KBaCKe I cl>a3LI 3aMeIllHBaIOT 3aKBacKY II; a 3aTeM III cl>a3LI (170 Kr), co- Aep>Kafltt)H 100 Kr M}'KH. npH 3arpY3Ke IJ;e>K!i MYKOH H3 paC'leTa 120 Kr KOJIHtIeCTBO BHOCHMoro CLlphSi (B TOM 'illcne 'illCTLIX KynhTYP H nonycl>a6- pHKaTOB no cl>a3aM pa3BOlJ;0'lHOro ltHKJ1a) yae:rrn'illBaIOT B 1,2 pa3a. Pa3Bo1J.0'lHLrn ltHKJI MO:>KHO Jla'illHaTh TaK:>Ke C He60nhWOH MaCChI 3aK- BaCKH (5 KT B 1 cl>a3e) B ycnoBHfIX npOH3BOlJ;cTBeHHoH na60paTOpHH. npH nOM 'illCTLle KynbTypLI MOnO'lHOKHcnbIX 6aKTepHH Hcnonh3yroT H3 aMIIyn HJ1H np06HpOK (no 10-15 MJI), a IJ;P0)l(>K!i - B BRAe CMLIBa C O}J;Horo KOCHKa B 10 MJ1 BOAhI. KynLTypbl MHKpOOpraHH3MOB CJUfBaIOT BMeCTe, IJ;OfraBJUiIOT 2,6 n BOAhI, 2,35 KT MYKH p:>KaHOH 060HHOH HJ1H 06gnPHOH, Bce TIaTenhHO nepeMeIllH- BaIOT H nOMelltaIOT B TepMocTaT C TeMnepaTYPoH 27 :t 1 0 C 1J,J1H 6p0)l(eHIDl. no IJ;OCTIDI<emrn KHCnOrnOCTH 7-9 rpap; (06hI'lHOqepe3 10-13 'I) K 3aKBac- Ke I cl>a3bl Ao6aBnJllOT 3,5 Kr MyKH, 1,5 n BOAhI, TlltaTenbHO nepeMellIHBaIOT, BLI6pa)KHBaIOT B TepMocTaTe npH TOH :>Ke TeMIIepaType B Te'leHHe 4-6 'I H nO)1yqaIOT 10 Kr 3aKBaCKH II cpa3bl. K 3aKBaCKe II cl>a3bI IJ;06aBJUiIOT 8,8 KI' MYKH, 6,2 n BOAhI, nepeMellIHBaIOT, Bbl6pa)KHBaIOT H nonyqaIOT 25 Kr 3aKBac- KH III cl>a3bl Pa3BOAO'lHoro HKna. TeXHOnOrH'leCKHe napaMeTpbl (Bna:>KHOCTh, TeMIIepaTypa, KOHe'lHaJI KHCnOrnOCTh) 3aKBacKH, BbIBOgnMOH C He60J1bWOH Maccbl, p;On:>KHbl 6bITb TaKHMH :>Ke, 'lTO H npH BLlBeAemrn ee C 6onbwoH MaCCbl (Ta6n. 24). BLl6po:>KeHHyro 3aKBacKY III cl>a3LI pa3BOp;O'lHOro ltHKJIa nepeHocSiT B p;e>KY H Aanee HaKaIUIHBaIOT 13.0 Hy:>KHoro Ko:rrnqecma nyTeM OCBe:>KeHHH npH c06moAemrn COOTHoweHHH Bcex KOMIIOHeHTOB TpeTbeH cl>a3LI pa3BOIJ;0'lHQ- ro ltHKJIa, T. e. K 40% 3aKBaCKH 1J.06annJllOT 60% nHTaTeJIbHOH CMeCH, coc- TOHllteH H3 58,5 KI' MYKII H 41,5 n BOP;bl B paCqeTe Ha 100 Kr IIHHIHHH. B OAROH IJ;03e cyxoro JIaKT06aKTepHHa (1 r) COlJ;ep)KHTCH OKono 10 MJlplJ;. )fQfBblX KneTOK MOnO'lHOKHCnbIX 6aKTepHH. .anH BbIBelJ;eHHSl rycToH 3aKBaCKH HCnOJIb3yroT naKT06aKTepHH H3 CMeCH WTaMMOB L.plantarum-30, L.brevis,5, L.brevis-78 H 'illCT}'IO KynbT}'py IJ;pO>lOKeH S.minor "qepHope'leHCKHiI" J3 BRAe CMbma ApO>IOKeBbIX Kono- HHH C KOCHKOB Ha cycno-arape B np06HpKaX C nOMOlltLIO BOP;onpOBOAROH BOAhI. npH OTC}'TCTBHH 'illCTOH KYJIbrypLI p;onYCKaeTCH npHMeHeHHe npecco- BaHHLIX APO>IOKeH (Ta6n. 25). Ta6nlll.{825 Pel.{cmypa H peXGIM npmOTOBneHiIJI rycToii saKBaCKH B p83BO.QO'IHOM IVIKJle Ha CYXOM naKTo6aKTepHHe AKTHB8J:(H1! cI>83hI pa3BO.QO'IHOro ItBKn8 H8HMCHOBIIHHe CbIpl>Jl, !3aKl!1lcOQ nonY4>a6pHKaTOB H nOK838TeJIeU cyxoro III npOIecca naKTa- HbIX I II 6aKTepu- npo;l(>Keii: Ha Pa3B01J.o'lHLIilltHKJI C IIpHMeHeHHeM cyxoro naKTo6aKTepHHa CyCUCH31UI JlaKTo6aKTepHHa 1J)UI 0,060 ryCTbIX XJlC6HbIX 3aI<BaCOK (6 1103 B 60 MJJ BOI1Id) , n CycneH3l1H /1P0)l()l(cil S.minor ,,'Icp- 0,030 HOpC'ICHcKIlii:" (CMbIB C 3-x KOCHKOB B 30 MJJ BOAbI) ": n AKTHBlIpOBaIlHbrH naKT06aKTepHH, KI' 4,0 AKTlIBHpOBaIlHble /1P0)I()I(Ji, I<I' 1,0 3aKBacKa npcp;hIp;Yll(efi !}Ja3bi, Kr 27,0 68,0 KOnH'lCCTBO MYKII B 3aKBaCKC, Kr 13,0 40,0 MYK8 P)l(aHM oGOiIHMlIJIlI 06AHP- 2,0 0,5 10,5 27,0 60,0 HM,I<I' BoJJ,a, Kr 1,94 0,47 11,5 14,0 42,0 06IUaH Macca, I<I' 4,0 1,0 27,0 68,0 170,0 Bna)I(HocTb, % 57-58 57-58 58-60 48-50 48-50 TCMIICpaTypa Ha'laJlbHaH, 0 C 33-35 28-30 26-28 26-28 26-28 KllcnOTHOCTb KOHe'lHaH, rpaA: 113 oGoiIHoil MYKYI 4-5 7-9 9-11 13-16 H3 06AHPHOii: MyKYI 4-5 6-8 8-10 11-14 n pop;On)!(llTem.HOCTb 6pO)l(eHlIH, 'I 4-5 4-5 10-13 4-6 4-6 * lIJIH 3 r npeCCOBaIlHbIX xne60neKapHbIX Apo)l()l(eit B 30 MJI BOALI. CYXOH naKT06aKTepHH 1J,J1H xne6HblX 3aKBaCOK npelJ;CTaBnHeT C060H 06e3BO:>KeHHyro cy6mfMaltHeH 6HOMaCCY MOnO'lHOKHcnbIX 6aKTepHH B BH)J;e MeJ1KOnOpHcTLIX Ta6neTOK :>KenTOBaTOro eTa B CreKJIHHHblX cl>naKoHax CO CpOKOM rO)J;HOCTH AO 12 Mec npH XpaHemrn B XOno)J.IUILHHKe npH TeMIIepa- Type 4_8 0 C. 62 63 
llepep; Haqan:OM pa:mOP;O'lHoro LUIKJ1a C qmaKoHOB C CYXHM naKT06aKTe- PHHO¥ CIDIMalOT. MeTan:JIllqeCKHe KOnna'lKH H pe3HHOBbIe np06KH. B KaIii: H3 6-TH <1>naKoHoB, cop;ep)l(aIl\Hii no I p;03e cyxoro naKT06aKTepHHa, p;06aB- JIJllOT no 10 MJI Bop;OnpOBO]J;Hoii BO]J;bI C Tel\lIIepaTypoii 38--40°C H BbIp;ep- >I<HBaIOT 10 MliH WUI Ha6yxaHJUI KneTOK MOnO'IHOKlICJIblX 6aKTepllii. BOP;HylO cycneH31110 naKT06aKTepHHa (Bcero 60 MJI) BHOCHT B IDITaTenb- HylO CMeCb H3 p)l(aHoii MyKH 1I BOP;bI, TlQaTenbHO nepeMeIillIBalOT 1I OCTaB- JIJIlOT Ha 4-5 q npH TeMneparype 33-35°C p;nH aKTlIBaIJ;lIli MOnO'IHOKHCnbIX 6aKTepHii. llpH nop;roToBKe 3aKBaCO'lHbIX .n;poFJKeii B Ka:>K,r:\yIO H3 3-x npo6HpoK C KOIIomUIlvrn .n;pO>lOKeBbIX KneTOK Ha KOCHKax cycno- arapa .n;06aBnHIOT no 10 MJI HeCTepllJIbHOii Bop;onpoBO]J;Hoii BOP;bI, HMelOlI!eii TeMneparypy 28-30°C. llYTeM BCTpHXHBaHHH 1I C nOMOlI!bIO cTeKnHHHoii na- nOqKlI CMbmaIOT KIIeTKH p;p0)l()I(eii C KOCHKOB. L{an:ee BO,lJ;HyIO cycneH31110 p;p0)l()I(eii (Bcero 30 MJI) BHOCHT B IDITaTeJIb- Hyro CMeCb H3 MYKH H BOP;bI 1I OCTaBnHIOT ,lJ;JU! aKTlIBal{lIli .n;pO>lOKeBbIX KIIe- TOK npll TeMIIepaType 28-30°C Ha 4-5 q.  AKTlIBHpoBaHHbIe naKTo6aKTepHH H 3aKBaCO'lHbIe P;pO)l()KlI cMeunmaIOT C BO.n;OH H MYKoii, TlI!aTenbHO nepeMeIillIBalOT p;o nOIIyqeIDIH O]J;H0p0]J;Hoii MaCCbI H OCTaBIIHlOT ,lJ;JIH OpO)l(eHHH. Ha BbI6pa)KeHHOii 3aKBacKe I <1>a3bI rOTOBHT 3aKBaCKY II, a 3aTeM III <1>a3bI (170 Kr), cop;ep)KaII.{eii 100 Kr MYKlI. llpH 3arpY3Ke .n;e)Kll MyKoii H3 pacqeTa 120 Kr KOIIlIqeCTBO CbIpbH H nony<1>a6pHKaToB no <1>a3aM pa3BOp;0'lHoro l{lIKIIa }'Benll'llIBaIDT B 1,2 pa3a. llpH BbIBep;eIDIH rycToii 3aKBaCKH C ue60IIbwoii MaCCbI (5 Kr) Hcnonb- 3YlOT 3 P;03bI cyxoro IIaKT06aKTepHHa B 30 MJI BO.n;bI C npe,IJ;BapHTeJIbHoii: aKTlIBal{Heii B TeqeIDIe 4-5 q npll 33-35°C B IDITaTeJIbHoii: CMeCH H3 0,45 Kr MYKH H 0,5 n BO]J;bI. AKTHBHpOBaHHbIii IIaKT06aKTepliH TII.{aTeIIbHO CMelillI- BalOT C cycneH3Heii 3aKBaCO'IlffiIX p;po>IOKeii B BH.n;e CMbIB3 C KOCHKa (10 MJI) HIIH C cycneH311eii npec«oBaHHbIx p;po>IOKeii (1 r B 10 MJI BO]J;bI) . MlIKpoopra- HH3MbI BHOCHT B IDITaTeIIbHyIo CMeCb H3 1,8 Kr MYKH H 2,19 n BO]J;bI,lJ;JIH no- nyqeHIDI 5 Kr 3aKBaCKH I <1>a3bI, 3aTeM II H III <1>11.3 pa3BOp;0'IHOro IUIKna C co6nlOp;eIDIeM TeXHOIIOrHqeCKHX napaMeTpoB, YKa3aHHbIX B m6n. 25. BbI6po)KeHHyIO 3aKBacKY III <1>a3bI nepeHoCHT B p;e)K}' H HaKarulllBalOT p;o Hy)KHoro KOJIllqeCTBa nYTeM OCBe)Kemrn, KaK :no YKa3aHO npH OIDIcaHHlI npol{ecca HaKonneIDIH 3aKBaCKH Ha )KIiP;KHX 'illCTbIX KynbTypax. Pacxop; CblpbH H .nOKa3aTenH npol{ecca no <1>a3aM pa3BOp;0'lHoro 1!,1IKna npe.n;cTaBneHbI B Ta6n. 26. Ta6JIllua 26 PeL\emypa H peiKIIM npHrOTOBJIeHHfi ryCTOH 3aKBaCKYI B pa3Bo,o;O'IHOM L\IIKJIe Ha 3aKBaCKe npe)I(Hero npllroTOBJIeHIIJI HanMeHOB3HlIe CbIpbJl, nony!f>a6pHKaTQB II nOJ<:a38TenCH npoecca cI>83hI pa3BOj:\oworo UlII(na III 3,0 0,3 20,0 55,0 10,0 30,0 9,0 20,0 70,0 8,0 15,0 45,0 20,0 55,0 170,0 54-56 52-54 48-50 26-28 26-28 26-28 9-11 10-13 13-16 7-9 8-10 11-14 3-5 3-5 3-5 3aKBaCKa npe)l(Hero IIpllroTOBJICHlIH, Kr .IJ.P0)l()I(lI xnc60lIcKapHble npeCCOBaIlHbIC, Kr 3aKBacKa npe,IJ.b/AYll(eit !}Ja3b!, Kr KOJIlI'IeCTBO MYKII B 3aKBaCl<e, Kr MYKa p)l(aHaH o6ofiHaH lIJIlI 06AHpHaH, Kr Bo,o;a, Kr Macca 3aKBacKII, Kr Bna)l(HOCTb, % TCMIIepaTYpa Ha'I8JJbHaH, °c KlICJIOTHOCTb KOHC'lHaH, rpa,IJ.: 113 060ilHOil MYKII 113 06,IJ.llpHOIl MYKII npOAOJI)I(lITCJIbHOCTb 6pO)KeHIIH, 11 llpH 06HOBIIeHilli 3aKBaCKH no pa3BOp;O'IH0M}' l{HKIIY CMelillIBalOT cnenyIO 3aKBaCKY, npeCCOBaHHbIe P;pO>K)KIi H BO.n;y (06bIqHO 50% OT 06lI!ero KOJIllqeCTBa ee), 3aTeM p;06aBnHlOT MYKY, oCTaBwYlOcH BO]];)' C TeMneparypoii 25-27°C H npOp;OII)KalOT 3aMec p;o nOIIyqeIDIH O]J;H0p0]J;Hoii MaCCbI. Bbl6po- )KeHHYIO 3aKBacKY I <1>a3bI pa3MelillIBaIOT C Bop;oii, P;06aBIIHlOT MYKY, 3aMe- lillIB3IOT 1I BbI6pa>I<HBaIOT 3aKBacKY II, aHa Heii 3aKBacKY III <1>a3bI pa3BOp;Oq- Horo l{lIKIIa (170 Kr), cop;ep)K(llI!eii 100 Kr M}'KH. ITpH 3arpY3Ke p;e)KH MYKOii B KOnHqeCTBe 120 Kr KOIIHqeCTBO BHOCHMoro CbIpbH no <1>a3aM pa3- BOp;O'lHOro l{ilKIIa }'Benll'lliBaIOT B 1,2 pa3a. Pa3BOP;O'lliLdf WlKJ1 C npHMeHeHHeM 3aKB3CKH npe)KJfero npHroToBJteHIDI H npeCCOBaJIHLIX np0)K)I(ej! npOH3Bop;crBeHHbW: I(HKJ1 ,1Jjm BbIBep;eIDIH 3aKBaCKH no pa3BOP;O'IHoM}' l{ilKny B I <1>a3e Hcnonb- 3YlOT 3aKBacKY npe>KHero npliroToBneIDIH H npeccoBaHHble P;P0)K)KIi. "Cne- nylO" 3aKBacKY (3 Kr) 6epYT co CBoero lIJIH C p;pyroro xne603aBop;a. rycrylO 3aKBaCKY, BbIBep;eHIIylO no pa3BOp;O'IHOM}' l{lIKny III06LIM H3 OIDIcaHHbIX BblIlle cnoco60B, HaKannHBaIOT .n;o Hy)KHoro KOJIllqeCTBa H p;an:ee nO)J,Ll;ep>I<HBaIOT B npoH3Bop;CTBeHHOM l{lIKIIe nYTeM OCBe)KeHHii C nocne]];)'lO- Il\HM Bbl6pa)!GiBaHHeM P;O HaKOnneHJIH Tpe6yeMoH KlicnOTHOCTlI B 3aBHCHMO- CTH OT copTa MYKH. ... 64 3 3aK. 1116 65 
llpH 3TOM BhI6pO:>KeHHylO 3aKBaCKY B .n;e)l(ax .n;eJIHT 06hI'lHO Ha 4 wm 3 'l3CTIf, H3 KOTOphIX I 'IaCTh - COOTBeTCTBeHHO 25% II1IH 33,3% t (33) B nepeC'IeTe Ha M)'KY HCnOJIh3yroT IJ,JUl BocnpoH3Bo.n;crna 38KBaCKH, a OCTaJIh- H)'10 Macey paCXOAYlOT Ha npHCOTOBneHHe coorneTcrneHHO 3-x wm 2-x nop- I:J;Iin TeCTa. llpH npHCOTOBnemm ,,60JIhllIOn" CYCTon 3aKBaCKH B 6ym<epHbIX arpecaTax, B TOM 'lHCJIe II 118-XTA-6(l2) HenpephmHoro .n;enCTI3HH, HCnonh- 3yroT 40-50% M)'KH C BhI6po)l(eWIOn 38KBaCKOn Ha ee BocnpoIl3Bo.n;crno, a OCTaJIhHOe KOJ1M<IeCTBO paCXoA)'lOT Ha 3aMec TeCTa (Ta6JI. 27). T a 6 n II  a 28 TCMnepatypa BOlIbl MR nonyqeHIIR 3aKBaCKII C pa3Hoii HaQllTlbHOii TeMJIeparypoii TeMnep8Typa 3I1KB8CKH. HCnOlIb3yeMoii AJUI B0306HoBneHHR, °c TeMIIepa- Typa ° M}'KH. C Tpe6yeMaR HaqalIbHaR TeMIIe'p'8Typa OCBtmceHllOii 3aKBaCKH, C 24 28 I 25 I 26 I 27 I Tpe6yeMaR TeMIIepaTypa BO):tbl AJIR OCBexceHHR 311KBaCKH, °c 14 29 30 34 38 43 47 16 29 27 31 35 40 44 18 29 24 28 33 37 41 20 29 21 2S 30 34 38 22 29 18 23 27 31 35 24 29 IS 2:0 24 28 32 DpHI'OTOBnelUle TeCTa l' a 6 n 1I1U 27 Peuemypa H peJKHM DpuroTOBneJIWI ..yCTol 3lUQJacIQI B npoB3BoACTBeBHOM QIIKJIe PaCXOA CbIpbB H napaMeTpbI npoeeca H8UMeHOBBJnIe CbIpbH, nony4J86pHKaToB IIPB BHeeemw MyKB e 38KB8CKOA H nOKII38TeJIeH npoeCC8 naeeB0306HOBlIeHHe,% 2S SO 3aKBaCK8 npe>KHCro npllroToBneJDUI, J<r 42,0 56,0 68,0 85,0 MYKa pxmHaH 060IlHaH lIJ1l1 06Al1pHaR, Kr 75,0 67,0 60,0 50,0 BolJ,a, Kr 53,0 47,0 42,0 35,0 Macca 3aKBaCKlI, Kr 170,0 170,0 170,0 170,0 - Kon1l1leCTBo M)'KII B 3aKB8CKe, Kr 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 BJl8)1(HOCTb, % 48-50 48-50 48-50 48-50 TeMnepaTYpa HaqanbHaH, °c 25-28 25-28 25-28 25-28 KlICJ10THOCTb KOHe'IHaH, rp8,o;: 113 060itHOilMYKII 13-16 13-16 13- I 6 13-16 113 06Al1pHoit MYKII 12-14 12-14 12-14 12-14 . npOAOn)l(HTenbHOCTb Gpo)!(eHlIJI, q 4-5 3-4 2,5-3,5 2,5-3,0 nOjJ;beMHM ClI1UI, MIIH 18-25 18-25 18-25 18-25 Tecto H8 rycTOn 3aKBaCKe MO)l(HO npHrotOBJIBTb B ,lJ;e>KaX "CnlHAapT" H1IH A2-XTB; B 6ym<:epHLIx arperaTax nepHO,IJ;HtIeCKOrO H HenpephmHoro .n;eHcTBHH. Pacxo,lJ; ChIpbH (Ha 100 Kr M)'KH) H TeXHOnOrn'IeCKHe napaMeTpbI npH- rOTOBneHHJI Tecn npH BHeCemm C cycToii 3aKBacKoii pa3Horo KOJ1MQeCTBa MYKH npe,lJ;CTaBneHbI B TaGn. 29. Peuemypa H pe)l(HM npuroToBneHHR TeCTa Ha rycTOii 3aKBaCICe l' a 6 n 11 U 8 29 llpH HaKOnrremm H nOAIJ,ep>KaHHH npOH3BOACrneHHoii 3aKBaCKH B ,lJ;e>KaX eMKOCTblO 330 11 npH 3acpY3Ke IJ;e>KH M)'KOH B KOffif'IeCme 120 Kr pacxo.n; BHOCHMOCO CbIpbH H cnenon 3aKBaCKH npH OCBe:>KemUIX }'BeJIH'lHBalOT C yqe- TOM K03<P<PHlUfeHTa 1,2. llpOIJ;On>KHTenbHOcTb 6po:>KeHIDI rycTon 3aKBaCKH B npoH3Bo,lJ;CTBeHHoM KJ1e AO 3aAaH1loii: KHcnoTUocrn BapJ>HpyeT B 3aBHCHMOCTIf OT copTa H Ka- tIeCTBa MYKH, TeMneparyphI, COOTUOllIellliH cnenon 38KBaCKH H IillTaJillH. C YBeJIHtIeHHeM KOJllitIeCTBa 3aKBaCKH Ha ee B0306HoBneHHe npOIJ;OmKIfTenb- HOCTb 6pO:>KeHHH cOKpaIl{aeTcB. HaQarrbHylO TeMIIeparyPY 3aKBaCKH YCTammmmalOT IIyTeM HCnOJIb30Ba- IDIH BO,lJ;hI C onpe,lJ;eJIeHHOn TeMIIeparypon (Ta6n. 28). HallMeHOBaHHe Cblp.R. nonY4Ja6pHK8ToB H nOKa3aTeneH npoecca 3aKBaCKa ryC'l1UI, Kr MYKa P)l(8H8JI oGOilH8H lIJ1l1 06):\11pHaH, Kr BoA8, Kr Conb,Kr .DPyroc CbIpr.e, Kr Bnl!)l(HocTb, %, He 60nee TeMIIcpaTypa Ha'l8J1bHaH, °c KlIcnOTHoCTb KOHC'IH8H, rp8A: 113 M}'KII P)l(8Hoit 06ollHoil 113 MYKII pxmHoil 061111pHoil 113 CMeCH P)l(8Hoit II nlI1eHII'IHoil MYKII npO,o;on)l(l!TenbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHlIJI, MHH 3* 66 P8eXOA CbIpbR H napaMeTpbI TeCTa IIPH BHeeeHHH MYKH C 3aKBaCKoii, % 2S 60 42,5 75,0 56,0 68,0 76,5 67,0 60,0 55,0 no pac'IeTY no peucmype no pcucnType W xn + (D,S-I,D) 28-30 28-30 28-30 102,0 40,0 28-30 28-30 10-13 10-1 10-13 10-13 10-13 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 B 38BI1CI1MOCTlI OT copTa xneGa 90-12075-100 70-90 40-60 30-40 67 
3HatJeHlIe npHBe}:\elllibIX napaMeTpOB TeCTa (KOJIHtJeCTBO BHOCHMOH MY- KH C 3aKB aCK OH, Ha tJaJIbHYIO Te MTIepaTYPY, npo):\omKHTeJIbHOCTb 6pmKeHlUl) ycr.maBJIHBaIOT Ha npelJ:IIpHHTIDI B 3aBHCHMocm OT npHMeH5IeMOrO 060py):\0- BaHMH M ):\pyrHx crreU:HllmtJecKMx oc06eHHOCTeH npOM3BO}:\CTBa. ITpM rrpHrOTOBJIeHIDI TeCTa B }:\eJKax Ha rYCTOH 3aKBaCKe, co):\epJKaru:eH 25 M 33% MYKM, ):\03MpoBaHMe 3aKBaCKH ocyru:ecTBJIHIOT BPyrUIYIO, T. e. BM- 3yaJIbHO ):\eJIHT 3aKBacKy Ha 4 WIH 3 tJaCTH, OCT<IBJIHIOT 1. '!aCID B ):\eJKe ,[I)IH BocnpoH3Bo}:\cma 3aKBaCKH, a OCTaBllllieCH 3 HJIH 2 tJacm rrepe6pacbmaIOT B cB060):\HbIe ):\e>KM ,[I)IH 3aMeca 3-x HJill 2-x rrOpIl,ll:H TeCTa. ITpM rrpHrOTOBJIe- HHH 3aKBaCKH B 6YHKepHbIX arperaTax HerrpepbIBHoro ):\eHCTBHH Ha ,,60JIb- mOH" rYCTOH 3aKBaCKe ):\03HpOBaHJ1e nocne):\HeH Ha BocrrpOH3BO):\CTBO H Ha 3aMec TeCTa B KonHtJeCTBe 40-60% B nepectJeTe Ha M}'KY ocyru:eCTBnHIOT nocpe}:\cTBoM llIHeKoBoro.):\03aTopa M lliM6epa. 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nplOO/lJ/(eHUe moo. 30 14-1'5 14-16 12-14 12-14 K BbI6po){(eHHOH rYCTOH 3aKBaCKe n06aamnOT BOA)' C TeMnepaTypOH WIWC 5-10 o e 1J)ISI pa3)IGDKeHHSI nO Bna>KHOCrn 6570%. B pa3>KH){(eHHOM COCTOlIHHH 3aKBaCKY MO>KHO COXPaHSlTb B nOMelUeHHH C HeperymipyeMow TeMTIepaT}'pOH B TeqeHHe 8-24 'l. nocne KOHcepBHH K pa3>KH>KeHHOH 3!t- KBaCKe n06aan-SllOT MYKY, nOnorpeTYW BOny, 3aMelllHBaWT rYCTYW 3aKBaCKY Bna>KHOCTbW 48-50%c HalJarrbHOH TeMnepaTypoH 26-28°e 11' BbI6pa>KHBaWT no KHcnOTHocrn 12-14 rpan. rOFOBYW 3aKBaCKY pacxonywT Ha npHroTOII'- neHHe reCTa H BocnpOH3BOnCTBO 3aKBaCKH 06bI'lHbIM cnoc060M. npH npHrorOBneHHH rYCTOH 3aKBaCKH B ne>K<lx pa3>KH>KeHHe npOH3BO- WIT B 3THX>Ire ne>Kax. XononH)'w BOny C TeMTIepaT}'pOH WIWC 5-lO o e 3HMOH HCnOnb3yror 11'3 BonOnpOBOLJ;HOH cerH, neTOM - H3 apTe3HaHCKOH CKBa>KHHbI I-L'1H H3 BOnO- npOBonHOH cerH, C npHH)'nHTenbHbiM oxna>K,lJ;eHHeM. B neTHee B peMJI npH OTCyrCTBHH Ha npennpl:lJlTHRX xononHOH BOnbi BbI6po>KeHH)'W' rYCTYW 3aKBaCKY MO>KHO pa3>KH>KaTb BOnOH C TeMneparypOR 15-20 o e C n06a.sneHHeM nOBapeHHOH comr B KOmrlJeCTBe 2% K Macce MYKH: B 3aKBaCKe 11' TaKHM 06pa30M coxpaIDITb B TeqeHHe 8-24 'laCOB. nocne KOH- cepBaUlm pa3>KH>KeHH)'w 3aKBaCKY OCBe>KaWT 06bI'lHbIM cnoco60M C nOBene- HifeM Bml>KHOCTH no 48-50%, npH'leM 1JJISI HopMamBaIUiH nOn'beMHOH CMJlhI MO>KHO 6aaHTb q,epMeHTHbIH npenapaT AMIDTOpH3HH nlOx B KOmrlJeCTBe 0,04% K Macce MyKH B 3aKBaCKe npH nepBoM OCBe){(eHHM. HaHMeHOBaHlle CbIpbH, nonY4>a6pHKaToB H nOI(a3aTCneii npO&Ccca KOHcepBIIIUIH nYTeMOXna)l(- eHIIR o 6_IO°C nepBoe OCBe)l(e- HIIe nocne KOH- cepBaIlHH (Ha 100 Kr 3aKBacKH) nponOn)l(l!TCnbHOCTb Gpo)l(eHlIJ!, lJ KllcnOTHOCTb 3aKBaCKlI, rpap;: npll KOHCepBa1.\1I1I Ha 8-12 11 IIpll KOHCepBa1.\lIl1 Ha 22-24 lJ DOp;bcMHaH clIJIa 3aKBaCKII, MlIH: npll KOHcepBaUlIlI Ha 8 -12 lJ npll KOHcepBaUlIIl Ha 22-24 11 3,5-4,5 .15 -30 25-35 20-22 20-22 ryCT}'W 3aKBaCKY B He6oJIhIlIOM KO.1lH1leCTBe (5-10 Kr) MO>KHO 3aKOH- cepBHpoBaTb Ha npOn;OJI>KHTeJIbHhIH CpOK (no MeCHUa If 6onee) nyreM 3aMO- pa>KHBaHHJI IIpM 'TeMnepaType MlfH)'C 10-15 0 e C nOClIenylOInHM pa3MOpa>KH- BaHHeM If HaKOlUIeHHeM npOH3BoncrneHHoH 3aKBaCKH nyreM nepHOnH'le- CKHX oCBe>KemJiL KOHcepBaInUI nyreM p83>KH>KeHWI DonoA Peuenrypa If reXHonOrH'leCKHe napaMeTpbl rycToH 3aKBaCKH npH KOH- cepBaJlHH ee nyreM pa3>KH>KeJillJl xonQJJ:HoH: BOAoH AO BJIa>KHOCrn 65-70% If nOCJIenywlUeH peaKrHBaIWH OCBe>KeHHeM npenCraBJIeHhI B ra6.n. 31. AJDIapaTypHoe ocf>opMJIeHHe TeXHOnOmlJeCKoro npOlecca nplffOTOBJIeHHR reCTa Ha ryCToA 33KBaCKC T a 6 n 111.\ a 31 .Q.rUl KOMWIeKCHOH MexaHH3aIUIH npou;ecca npHrOToBneHHSI rYCTOH: 3a- KBaCKH H TeCTa MO>KHO HcnOJIb30BaTb 6YHKepHbIe aq:ieraTbI nepHOnH'leCKOrO H HenpepbmHoro neikTBHSI. B pa3BOnO'IHOM IUIKJIe rycryw 3aKBacKy BbIBOnSlT B ne>Kax OnHHM H3 orrn:caHHbIx paHee cnoco60B C nocnenywIIUiM HaKottneHHeM H nOOlJepen- HbIM 3anonHeHHeM Bcex ceKlI,HH 3aKBaCO'IHoro 6YHKepa C co6nWJ:(eHHeM TeXHOnOrHlJeCKHX napaMeTpOB, yKa3aHHhlX B ra6n. 27. Ha xne603aBoAax MaJIOH H cpenHeH MOlUHocrn (no 30 T B CyrKH) MO>KHO HCnOJIb30Barb 6YHKepa 118-XI A-6/2. Ha xne603aBonax 6onbllIoH MOlUHOCTH C ne1laMM AllX HCnOJIb3ywr WITHCeKlI,HOHHbIe nByx6YHKepHbIe arperarbI nOpUJiOHHOrO neHcTBlfSl CH- CreMhI H. <1>. rarnnHHa npOH3BOnHTenbHOCTbW no xne6y 75-100 r B cyr- KH HJIH 6YHKepa 118- XI A-12/2. npH HcnOJIb30BaHHH arperara H. <1>. rammrHa (pHC. 2) BbI6po>KeHHYw 3aKBaCKY 11'3 ceKU;HH 3aKBaCO'IHOro 6YHKepa nOnaWT 1Iepe3 urn6ep B BOPOHKY IlIHeKOBoro n03aTopa H narree B D:Ba CMeCIfTeJIR: WISI pa3>KH>KeHHSI no Bna>K- HOCTH 70%, T. K. B >KHJ:(KOM COCTOSlHHH ee nerlJe ,[(o3IfpOBaTb If TpaHcnoprn- pOBaTb K MeCHnbHbIM MaIlIllHaM. Pencnrypa II pe)l(l!M KOHCCpBlll.\l1lI rYCTOH 33KBaCKYI nyreM pa3)!(l1)1(CIIlIH HallMeHOBaHlIe CbipbH, nonY4>a6pHKaTOB H nOKa3aTencH npoecca Pa3)1(IDKe- nepBoe Hlle BOnOH OCB e)l(eHlIe c t=5-IO°C nocne KOB- cepBaIUfH 30,5 45,0 415 14,5 13,5 65,5 48-50 5-10 45 -50 16-]8 20-23 20-23 26-28 8-24 4-5 12-16 12-14 20-30 )10 25 3aKBaCKa I)'CT<lH BbIGpO)l(eHHaH, Kr 3aKBaCKa pa3J!ODKCHHaH, Kr MYKa pmaHaJ! 06,lJ,11pH<lH 1IJ111 o60fiHaH, Kr Bop;a, Kr BJ1a)I(HOCTb 3aKBaCKII, % TeMIICpaTypa,oC: BO)1bi 3aKBaCKlI nocnc pa3)1(l!)I(CHlIH B03/1Yxa B nOMCIUeHlIlI 3aKBaCKlI nocne xpaHeHlIH 3aKBaCKII nocne OCBC)I(CHIIH npOnOJl)l(lITenbHOCTb KOHCepBa1.\11ll11 6po)l(eHlIH, 11 KllcnOTHOCTb 3aKBaCKII. rpa)1 nOp;bCMHaH ClIJIa 3aKBaCKlI, MIlH 70 71 
6 12 7 1 7 9 Pnc. 3. AnnapaTypHM cxeMa npllrOTOBJICHlIH TeCTa 113 p)I(aHoil II p>KaIiO-nmCH1l1l- Hoil MYKII Ha "GOITbillOil" ryCToil 3aKBaCKe B GYHKCPHOM arpcraTe HcnpepblBHO- 1'0 p,eilcTBlIJI H8-XTA/12 HJIl! 118-XTA-6 1 - P;03HpOBO'lllan CTaHn 1II2-X,[(M; 2 - TeCTOMeCliJIbHaJI MaWllHa I1B-XTA- 12/1 nnH 3aMcca 3I1KBaCKlI; 3 - HarHeTaTcnb onaphlIIB-XTA-12/3; 4 - 5YHl<:ep I1B-XTA-12/2 lIJ1H I1B-XTA-6/2; 5 - n03aTOp onapbi (3aKBacKH; 6 - HarHCTa- Te1Ib TeCTa I1B-XTA-12/5; 7 - n0311pOBO'IHaJI CTaIlUIUI 1IJ2-X,[(M, 8 - KOr,hiTO 5pO)l(CHliH l1B-XTA-12/6; 9 - TCCTOp;CJ1lITCnbHaJI MalI1Hlla "KY36acc-6B-2M e PlIC. 2. AnnapnypHaH CXCMa nopUlloHHoro npllrOTOBITeHIIH ryCTOi{ 3aKBaCKH II TCCTa 113 p)l(aHoil II pxmHo-mneHlI'IHoll MYKII B I1ByxGYHKepHOM arperaTC AJUI XJIC603aBop,OB 60nblI101J: MOIWIOCTII c ne'laMII AIJ;X 1 - p;o3aTop )l(lI,!J;KlIX KOMnOHeHTOB 1IepnaQKOBbiH 1IJ32-X,[(Q; 2 - p;03aTOp cbmy'lllx KOMnOHeHTOB 1IJ2-X)J,2-A' 3- MBlIIHHa TecTOMCClIJ1hHIiR A2-XTB; 4 - p;e)l(a nOnKaTHIIH T l-XT2,[(; 5 - p;e)l(eOnpKlI,!J;hiBaTC1Ib A2-Xn,[(; 6 - CCKOHHbili 6YHKep lJ.lUI 6po)l(e- HID! 38KBaCKlI (TeCTa); 7 - p;03aTOp )KlI,!J;KHX KOMnOHeHTOB 1IJ2-X,[(2-B; 8- TeCTop;e- JIHTC1IbHaH MalllliHa "KY36acc-6B-2M"; 9...:. Hacoc XHJI-300; 10 - CMeCHTC1Ib lJ.lUI pa3- )KIDKeHHH 3aKBBCKH; 11 - n03aTop rycToH 3aKBaCKH; 12 - 6a1l0K BOp;OconenowoTo- BHTe1IbHhIH 1II2-X,[(H 3aKBaCKY 3aMem!1BaIDT 5-7 I\1HH B Mallllme HenpepblBHoro p;eilcTBHH 118-XTA-12/1, Kyp;a HenpepblBHo p;03HpYIOT BOA)', MYKY H cnenylO 3aKBa- CKY. 3aMelllaHHylO 3aKBaCKY nOnaCTHblM HarHeTaTeneM nop;alOT no Tpy6o- npOBoP;Y H C nOMOll(bID nOBopoTHoro nOTKa 3arpy)!(alOT cBepxy B CBo60)J;trylO CeKIJ;HID 6YHKepa wm 6pO)!(eHlUI. Qepe3 onpep;eneHHblH nepHop;, paBHbIM pHTM)' 3arpY3KH OP;HOM CeKIJ;llH 3aKBaCKOM, 3anoJIlHIIDT BTOpylO, a nOTOM H Bce OCTaJlbHble CeKIJ;UH 6YHKepa. B MOMem 3arpY3KH nocneP;HeM CeKIJ;llH nepBYIO pa3rpy)!(aIOT. nepHOp; 3arpY3KH Bcex CeKIJ;ilM 6YHKepa paBeH npop;on- JKHTenbHOCTII 6pO)!(eHHH 3aKBacKH. Pa3rpY3KY BbI6po)!(eHHOH 3aKBaCKH OCYll(eCTBJIHIOT qepe3 OTBepCTHe B p;HHllle 6YHKepa H C nOMOll(blO nonaCTHoro HarHeTaTenH nop;alOT 60% ee no OP;HOM)' Tpy6onpoBop;y B TecToMecIDIbHyID MauilUry ,[I)UI HenpepblBHoro 3aMeca TeCTa H 40% no p;pyroMY Tpy6onpOBOA)' B03Bpall(aIOT B MecHnbHylO MaIillUry ,[I)IH BocnpOH3Bop;cTBa caMoM 3aKBaCKH. Bo H36e)!(aHlIe neperpeBa, nepeKHcaHlIH H YXYAIlJeHlIH nOp;'bel'vIHOM CHnbI rYCTOM 3aKBaCKH npH HenpepblBHOM 3aMece, a TaK)!(e npH TpaHcnopTH- pOBaHlIH no Tpy6onpOBOP;Y H 6po)!(emUi B ceKIlHHX 6YHKepa, HaQaJIbHYID ° TeMl!eparypy 3aKBacKH YCTaHaBmmalOT 24-26 C C nOMOll(blO OXJIa)!(p;eH- HOM BOp;bl. npH 3aMece TeCTa B MaliillHy HenpepblBHoro p;eMCTBHH 118-XTA-12/1 (A2-XTT) KpOMe 3aKBaCKH P;03HpYIOT BOA)', MYKY H P;Pyme JKH)J;KHe KOM- nOHeHTbl no peu;enType C nOMOll(bIO p;03aTopOB HenpepblBHoro p;eHCTBHH. TecTo 3aMeliillBaIOT 5-7 MHH C HaQaJIbHOM TeMneparypoH He BbIllle 30°C, 113 op;Horo cMecHTenH pa3)!(H)!(eHHYIO 3aKBaCKY nop;alO'I' HaCOCOM B p;e)l(}' TecToMeCHnbHOH MaliillHbl, Kyp;a p;o6aBnHIOT MYKY, BOp;y, 3aMeliillBaIDT rYCTYIO 3aKBaCKY H Bblrpy)!(aIOT ee B CBo6o)J;trylO ceKIJ;llID 3aKBaCOQHOr 6yHKepa p;nH 6pO)!(eHlIH. 113 BToporo CMeCHTenH pa3)J(1f)!(eIDIYlO 3aKBaCKY nop;alOT B p;e)l(}' TeCTO- MeCHnbHOM MalUHHbI, P;o6aBnHIOT OCTaJIbHOe Cblpbe no peu;enType, 3aMeliill- BaIOT TeCTO, Bblrpy)!(alOT B CBo60II;HYIO ceKU;HIO 6YHKepa ,[I)IH 6pO)!(eHlfH H )J;anee Qepe3 3aABH)!(KY B 6YHKep TeCTOp;emlTenH. ,1]jrH HenpepblBHoro npHrOTOBneIillH 60nbIllOH rYCTOH 3aKBaCKH H TeCTa Hcnonb3YIOT TeCTOnpHrOTOBHTenbHble OAHo6YHKepHbIe arperaTbI 118-XT A-6, 118-XTA-12 B COCTaBe KOMfUIeKcHo-MexaIill3HpoBaIDIblx nHlrnH (pRC. 3). 72 73 
nOnaCTHbIM HarHeTaTeJIeM no Tpy60npoBony nop;alOT B eMKOCTb 11lI1I 6po>Ke- IDfll, oTKyp;a TeCTO nocTynaeT Ha pa3p;eJIKY, cpopMOBaHHe TeCTOBbIX 3arOTO- BOK, paCCTOHKY H Bbme'lKY 06b1'lHbIM cnoco60M. ITpH BHeceIDfH C 3aKBacKoH 37-40% M)'KH B TeCTO 11lI1I XlIe6a H3 CMeCH p>KaHOH H ITIneIDf'lHOH M)'KH 6pO>KeIDfe TeCTa oceCTBJIlIIOT B TetIeIDfe 60- 90 MHH p;o Tpe6yeMoH KHcnOTHocrn B 3aIHiCliMocrn OT copra XJIe6a. DpH YBenH'Iemm K01llftIeCTBa BHOCHMOH M)'KH C 3aI<BaCKOH p;o 45-60% ("oonb- waH" rycTaR: 3aKBacKa) npop;OJI>KHTenbHOCrb 6pO>KeIDfR: reCTa COKpam alOT p;o 30-60 MHH. T a 6 n II II a -32 PCl.\emypa II peJKHM IIpllrorOBncHHH )l(II,II;KOH 3aKBaCKII 6e:J '3aBapKH B p83BO.llO'lHOM I.\HKJle Ha )KHJ1.K1LX KYJIbTYpax APO)K)I(CH II MOnO'IHOKllcnbL" GaKrepllii HaHMeHoBaHHe CbIpbJl, nonyl!>a6pHKaroB H nOKa3areneii npOIJ;ecca q>a3bI pa3BOnO'IIJOro WU<:lJa III )l(lIAKlIe KYJlbTypbl MOJIO'IHOKlICJlbIX GaKTcpllfi, n: L. pIantaIum'30 L. casei-26 L. ,Brcvis.! L. fermenti-34 )KlIAKlIC KynbTypbI npo)l()I(efi, JI: S. cercvisiac n-l S. minor ..l/epHOpe'ICH'CKlIi:I" 3aKBacKa IIpel1bI,!JYIUcll !}Ja3bi, KI' KOJlII'lCCTBO MYKII B 3aKBacKC, Kr MYKa p)l(aHaH o60fiHa51 Mil oGAlIpHaH, Kr BOl1a, Kr OGll(aH Macca, Kr Bna)KHOCTb, % TCMnepaTypa Ha'lanbHaH, °c KlICJ10THOCTb KOHe'IHaH, rpaA: 113 060ilHOfi MYKII 7-11 9-12 10-13 H306Al1PHOiLMYJ<1I 9-10 8-11 9-12 npOAOJl)l(HTCJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHlIH, 11 8-10 3-5 3-5 B 6pO,!J;HnbHbIH tIaH BHOClIr tIaCrb BO,ru,I (06bI'lH0 50% or 06mero K01llf- tIeCTBa ee) C reMTIeparypoH 28-30°C H '!HCrbIe KynbrypbI MHKpOOpraHll3- MOB Ha COJIOJJ;OBOM cycne, nop;roTOBJIeHHbIe comaCHO HHCTp)'KIUiH (ITpH- JIO>KeHlle N° 8). 3areM P;06aBJUlIOT M}'Ky, ocraBInYIOClI BOny, TlltaTenbHO nepeMeWHBalOr P;O OgHOpop;Horo COCTOR:IDfll H OCraBnlllOr 11lI1I 6pO>KeIDfR:. Ha BbI6po:>KeHHOH 3aKBaCKe I cpa3bI 3aMeWHBalOT 3aKBacKY II, a 3areM III cpa3hl pa3BOp;0'lHOro HKna C C06JIIOp;eHlleM peemypb1 Ii TeXHOJIOI'H'leCKHX 'napa- MeTpoB. .D:anee 3aKBacKy HaKalUIliBalOT 11.0 H)':>KHoro K01llftIeCTBa, co6nIOp;aH nponopIUul peenrypHbIx KOMTIOHeHTOB H napaMeTpbI III cpa3hI pa3Bo- p;O'lHoro IIJIKJIa. ITpH BbIBep;emm 3aI<BaCKll C He60JIbWOH MaCChI '(5 KT B I cpa3e) '!H'CTbIe KYJIbTypbI MOJIO'lHOKHCJIbIX 6aKTepliH IiCnOJIb3YlOT 1i3 np06lipOK no '25 MJI Kaoro wraMMa, a KYJIbTypbI p;pO>lOKeH B BHp;e CMbIBa KOJIOHllH C no- MOl1U>IO BO,ru,I C 2-x KOCR:KOB no 10 MJI Kaoro wraMMa. KYJIbrypbI CJIIi- BalOT BMeCTe, BHOClIr B ffinareJIbHyIO CMeCb 1i3 1,65 Kr p:>KaHOn M}'KH Ii 3,23 JI BO,ru,I, Bce rlltareJIbHO nepeMellIHB3IOr Ii nOMelltalOr B TepMocTaT C TeM- nepaTypoH 28-30°C. no p;OCrn:>KeHllH KHCJIOTHOCrn 7-10 rpap; (06bI'lH0 tIepe3 8-10 '1) K 3aKBaCKe I cpa3bI P;06aBJIR:IOT 2,5 Kr M}'KH H 5 JI BO,ru,I, BbI6pa:>KHBalOT B TepMoCTaTe 3-5 '1 H nOJIytIalOT 12,5 Kr 3aKBaCKH II cpa3hI. K BbI6po:>KeHHOii 3aKBaCKe II cpa3hI C KHCJIOTHOCTblO 9-12 rp3)J, P;06aBJIHIOT 4,1 Kr M}'KH Ii 8,4 JI BO,ru,I, BbI6pa)!GiBa1OT 3-5 q Ii norryqalOT 25 Kr 3aKBaCKH 3.1.2. nplil'OrOBJIelBfe recra DB >KH,IJ;Kolt 38KBaCKe 6e3 DpliMeHelDUl 38BapKIi Ha >KII,!J;KOH 3aKBaCKe 6e3 3aBapKH no YHllcpHlUfpoBaHHOH neHllurpap;- CKOH cxeMe MO:>KHO BbIpa6aTbIBarb XJIe6 H3 p>KaHOH H CMeCH pa3HbIX COpTOB p>KaHOH Ii nWeIDf'lliOH M)'KH. CymHocTb cnoco6a 3aKJIIOtIaeTClI B npHI'OTOBJIemrn 3aKBaCKH BJIa>K- HOCTblO 69-75%"KIiCJ10THOCTbIO 9-13 rpap; (B 3aBHCHMocrn or copTa MyKH) npli nOP;'beMHOH'CHJIe "no wapHKY" 11.035 MHH. ITpli 3aMece TeCTa C >Kll):{KOH 3aKBaCKOH BHOCHT 25-35% M}'KH OT 06meH MaCCbl ee B TeCTe C nOCJIenylOlltHM 6pO:>KeIDfeM TeCTa P;O HaKOI1JteIDfll Tpe6ye- MOH KHCJIOTHOCTH B 3aBHcHMocrn OT copTa XJIe6a. B pa3BOp;O'lHOM IIJIKJIe >Kfiro<YIO 3aI<BaCKY BbIBOWIT C npliMeHeIDfeM CMeCH 'lIiCTbIX KYJIbryp p;po:>K:>Keii S. cerevisiae II-I Ii S. minor "qepHopetIeH- CKHH" B COtIeTaHllIi co CMeCbIO :>KH,!J;KHX K}'JIbTYP L. plantarum-30, L. casei-26, L Brevis-I, L. [ermenti.34, IiJIH cyxoro naKT06aKTepHHa fJ.JJ1I :>KX XJIe6- HbIX 3aKBaCOK H3 CMeCH 3THX >Ke WTaMMOB MOJIOtIHOKHCJIbIX 6aKTepHiL Pa3BOP;OlJHbdl: nHKJI C DpHMeHeHHeM >KH,IJ;KHX IJHCTbIX KYJIbryp P;pO>lOKeit H MOJIOIJHOKHCJILIX 6aKrepHA BbIBep;eHHe :>Klfp;Koil 3aKBaCKH MO:>KHO Ha'lliHaTb HenOCpep;CTBeHHO B uexe C 6omwoH MaCCbI (100 Kr M}'KH B III cpa3e) IUlH B JIa60paTOpIDI C HeOOJIb- IIIoil MaCCbI (5 Kr B I cpa3e) . Peuemypa H pe:>KHM BbIBep;eHllll 3aKBaCKH C 6oJIbiliOH MaCCbI npep;cTaB- JIeHbl B Ta6JI. 32.. 74 {),5 0;5 Q,5 0,5 0,2 '0,2 20,0 38,6 61,0 70-72 28-30 61,0 20,0 30,0 62,0 IS 3.0 70-72 28-30 153.;0 50,0 50,0 103,0 306,0 70-72 28-30 75 
III q,a3bI C KI1CnOTHOCTblO 9-13 rpap; (B 3aBI1CMMOCTM OT COpTa I1 Ka'leCTBa MYKI1). DOKa3aTenI1 TeXHOnOrI1'leCKOrO npoQecca no q,a3aM pa3BOnO'lHOro I.(MKna p;omKHbI 6bITb HIKI1MM )Ke, 'ITO I1 I1PM Bbmep;emrn 3aKBaCKM C 60nb- mOM MaCCbI (n6n. 32) . DpI1 Bbmep;eHHM 3aKBaCKI1 no pa3BOp;0'lH0MY IJ,lIKny 6po.rwnbHaJI eM- KOCTb p;On)KHa B 2,5 pa3a I1peBbIIIIaTb Maccy 3aKBaCKM B Ka)K.n;oH q,a3e. BbI6po)KeHJiylO 3aKBacKY III q,a3bI I1epeHOCRT B 'laH I1 .n;anee HaKanmIBalOT B YCJIOBIDIX Qexa .n;o Hy:oowro KOJIH'leCTBa nYTeM n06aBneHHR K cnenou 3aKBaCKe p3J3Horo KOJIH'leCTBa nMTaTenbHOM CMeCH H3 p)KaHOU M}'KI1 H BO.n;bI C BbI6pa>lOffiaHHeM B Te'leHMe 3-4 'I .n;o KHcnOTHOCTM 9-13 rpap; (B 3aBI1- CHMOCTH OT Bna)KHOCTM 3aKBaCKI1 I1 copTa M}'KM). B 100 Kr IIMTaTenbHou CMeCH BnalKHOCTblO 70 H 72% COOTHOIlleHMe p)Ka- HOM MYKll (npM Bna)KHOCTll 14,5%) 11 BO,IJ;LI COCTaBnReT COOTBeTcTBeHHO 35:65 I1 34:66. fhnaTenbH)'1O CMeCb roTOBRT B Mallllme X3-2M-300 H1IM .n;pyrOM CMeCHTe- ne 003 3aBapllBaHHR 'laCTM M}'KH. Ilpooo/lJICeHue TO6/!. 33 AKTlIBaIlHH. <1>a3bi pa3BOp;0'lllOrO IUiKna HaHMeHOBliHlIe C1oipbH, nonyl!>a6pHKaToB II nOKa3aTeneR npollecca cyxoro 3111<Ba- naKTO- CO'lllbIX I II III 6111<Te- npml(- proIa )lCeR Pa3B0110IJHbIit nm<n C DpHMeHeHHeM cyxoro naKT06aKTepHHa Mcnonb3YlOT CYXOM naKT06aKTepI1H ,IJ;J1R )Kllp;KHX xne6HbIX 3aKBaCOK H CMeCb 'lHCTbIX Kynbryp .n;p0)K)KeM S. cerevisiae n-l I1 S. minor "qepHo- peqeHCKMU" B BI1p;e BO.n;HbIX CMbmOB p;p0)K)KeBbIX KOnOHMM C KOCRKOB cycno- arapa. PeQemypa H pe)KHM BbIBep;eHHJI 3aKBaCKH C oonbIllou MaCCbI (Ha 100 Kr MYKH B III q,a3e) npHBeneHbI B Ta6n. 33. AKTHBlIpoBaHHbIfi J1aKToGaKTepIIH, Kr 4,0 AKTlIBlIpoBaHHbIe )1P0)l()IG!, Kr 1,0 3aKBacKa npenbiA)'Il{eil !}Ja3bi, Kr 61,0 153,0 KOJ1I1'1CCTBO MYKII B 3aKBaCKC, Kr 20,0 50,0 MYKa p)KaHaH 060fiHaH lIJIlI oG)1l1pHaH, Kr 1,2 0,30 18,5 30,0 50,0 BOAa, KI' 2,74 0,66 37,5 61,0 103;0 OGuxaH Macca, Kr 4,0 1,0 61,0 153,0 306,0 BJla)I(HOcTb, % 70-72 70-72 70-72 70-72 70-72 TeMIIepaTypa Ha'laJIbHaH, °c 33-35 28-30 28-30 28-30 28-30 KlICJ10THOCTb KOHC'lHaH, rpan: 8-11 9-12 10-13 113 060fiHoil MYKII 3-5 113 oGnnpHofi MYKII 3-5 7-10 8-11 9-12 npOnOJ1)1(lITCJlbHOCTb aKTlIBaLlIIIIll 6po)l(e- 4-5 4-5 7-10 3-5 3-5 HlIH,'I * npeccoBaHHbIe APO)l()I(H aKTIIBlIpyIOT 30 MIIH. l' a 6 J1 II Ll a 33 Bo.n;HyIO cYCI1eH3HIO naKT06aKTepMHa (60 MJI) BHOCRT B nMTaTenbH)'IO CMeCb H3 P)!(3HOM MYKM H BO,IJ;LI, TIQaTenbHO nepeMelllliBalOT M OCTaBnHIOT Ha 4-5 'l npH TeMIIepaType 33-35°C ,IJ;J1JI aKTMB3l\HH MOnOlJHOKMCJIbIX 6aK- TepHM. DpH I10.n;roToBKe 3aKBaCO'lHbIX p;p0)K)KeH B Ka>Kp;y1O M3 lJCTbIpex np06MpoK (no p;Be Ka)K)J;oro UITaMMa) C KOnOHMRMM npO:ilOKCBbIX KneTOK Ha KOCHKax cycno-arapa p;06aBnJIIOT no 10 MJI Bop;onpoBojJ,HOH BOnbI C TCM- I1CpaTypoH 28-30°C, H, nOMOraJI cTeKnRHHoM nanO'lKOM, CMbmaIOT KneTKM .n;PO)K)KeH C KOCHKOB B IlliTaTcnbH)'IO CMCCb H3 p)KaHOH MYKM H BO,lJ;bI, I10cne '1cro OCTaBnRIOT Ha 4-5 q ,IJ;J1R aKTHB3l\HM P;po:ilOKCBbIX KnCTOK I1PH TCMnepa- Type 28-30°C. DpH OTCyrCTBHH 'IllCTbIX KynbTYP .n;p0)K)KeM MO)KHO MCI10nb30BaTb npeccoBaHHbIe .n;P0)K)KIi, H3 KOTOpblX rOTOBRT cycneH3I11O (20 r B 40 MJI BO,IJ;bI) C aKTHBaIJ,lleU B nI1TaTenbHoH CMeCI1 M3 M}'KI1 H BOnbI npM TeMnepary- pe 28-30°C B TeqeHHe 30 MMH. AKTIfBI1pOBaHHbll: naKT06aKTepHH H aKTHBHpoBaHHbIe 3aKBaCO'lHbIe mill npeccoBaHHbIe .n;pO>lOKI1 nepeHocRT B qaH C IIMTaTenbHOH CMeCbIO H3 M}'KM H BOP;bI, TIQaTenbHO nepeMelllliBalOT H OCTaBnRIOT Ha 6pO)KeHHe. Ha 3aKBaCKe I q,a3bI roTOBHr 3aKBacKY II, a 3aTeM III q,a3bI pa3Bo.n;0'l- Horo QilKna. J],anee 3aKBacKY HaKannI1BaIOT .n;o Hy)KHoro KOJIHqeCTBa, c06nlO- .n;aR nponOpIJ,llH CbIpbR I1 TeXHOnOI11QeCKHe napaMeTpbI III q,a3bI pa3BOp;O'l- Horo I.(MKna. DpH Bbmep;eHMM ou 3aKBaCKM B na60paTopHH, Ha'II1HaH C He60nb- IllOM MaCCbI, HCIIonb3YlOT 4 .n;03bI cyxoro naKTo6aKTepHHa B 40 MJI BO,lJ;bI, KO- TObIU npep;BapI1TenbHO aKTI1BMpyIOT B TeqeHHe 4-5 'I npH TeMlleparype 33- 35 C B IIMTaTCnbHoH CMeCH H3 P)!(3HOM MYKH (0,33 Kr) H BOP;bI (0,63 Kr). 77 PCLlcmypa II pe)l(lfM npHrOTOBneHH1l OH 3aKB8CKH 6C3 3aaapKII B pa3BO,ltO'IHOM 1.\1IIme Ha CYXOM naKT06aKTepHHe AKTHBHJl* <1>83101 pa3BOnO'IHOro HaHMeHOB8HlIe CbipbJl, nonyl!>86pHK8TOB !ViKna II nOKa3aTcneH npOIlecca cyxoro 38KB8- naKTO- CO'IHbIX I II III 6aKTe- APO- pnH8 >Ken CycnCH3HH J1aKToGaKTepHHa p;JJH )l(U)J;KIIX 0,060 XJlCGHDIX 3aKBaCOK (6 1103 B 60 MJI BO- nDI) , n CycneH311H ,o;p0)l()I(efi S. ccrevisiae fl-l (CMbW C ABYx KOCHKOB HJJlI 20 I' npec- COBaHHbIX )1po)l(>Kefi B 40 Mn BOAbi) , J1 S. minor ,,qepHOpe'ICHCKlI" (CMbIB C nBYx KOCHKOB B 20 MJI BO)1bl), JI 0,020 0,020 .. npeccoBaHHble ,o;P0)l()I(lI aKTHBIlPYIOT 30 MlIH. 76 
AKTHBHpoBaHHbrH nal<1:06aJaepID:I TlIaTeJlbHO CMelllHBaJOT C cycneH3HeH 3a- KBacO'lHbIX Apo>lOKeu (CMbIB C ABYX KOCHKOB B 20 MJI BOAbI) H BHOCSIT B ImraTeJlbHYIO CMeCb H3 M}'KH (1,3 Kr) H BOAbI (2.7 n) 1J.JlSl nony'leHHSI 5 Kr 3aKBaCKH I c}>lI3bl pa3BOAO'IHoro I.(HKJIa C nOC11e)JyIOIInlM BbI6pa)KHBa- HHeM AO KHCJlOTHOCTH 8-11 rpa,lJ; B Te'leHHe 7-10 '1. Ha3aKBacKe I c}>a3bl ro- TOBHT 3aKBacKY II, a 3aTeM III c}>a3bl PIl3BOAO'IHoro I.(HKJIa, KaK H npH HC- nonb30BaHlfH )KH}J.KHX KynbTYP MHKpOOpraHH3MoB. Bbl6po>KeHHyIO 3aKBacKY III c}>a3bI (25 Kr) nepeHoCHT B 6po.rnmbHbIH 'laB H HaKalUIHBalOT 11.0 HYX<HOrO KOIDI'leCTBa nyreM OCBe>KeHHU DHTaTenbHOU CMeCblO B COOTHOWHHH 1: 1 C C06J1IOAeHHeM npOnOpIJ;HU H TeXHOnOrn'leCKHX napaMeTpoB III c}>a-3l>1 pa3- BOAO'lHoro Kna. B 100 Kr IIHraTeJlbHOH CMeCH Bna>KHOCTblO 70 H 72%:cOOT- HoweHHe p>KaHOH MYKH (npH Bna>KHOCTH 14,5%) H BOAbI cocraunHeT CooT- BeTCTBeHHO 35 :65 H 34 :66. IluTaTenbHYIO CMeCb roTOBHl' B 3aBapo'lHOH MaIIIIiHe X3-2M-300 HnH ApyrOM CMeCH'fene nepHoAH'JecKoro 'H"Jll! HenpepbIBHoro AeiicTBHH 6e3 3aBS- pHBaIDul MYKH. 3aKBacKY BbI6pa)I(HB&IOT B 'laHaX P3-XtIJJ" I.(HIDIHJJ.PWIeCKHX BaHHaX p,nSl nacTepH3aIU1H MonOKa HJU{ ,APYrnx eMKOCTHX H3 Hep>KaBelOIlteH cTan, >KeJla- TenbHO C MewanKoH H BOA1UiOH py6aIllKOH. B 100 Kr nHraTenbHOH CMeCH Bna>KHOCThIO 70, 72 H 75% COOTHOIlIeHHe M)'KH (npH Bna)J(HOCrn 14,5%) 8 BOAbl COCHmnHer COOTBeTCTBelfilO 35:65, 34:66, 29:71. HaHny'llIIee Ka'leCT- BO 3aKBaCKH nonytIaeTCH npH Bna>KHOCrn 70:1:1%. Dp8rOTOBneHHe'TeCI'a npOH9BOACl'BeHRbdt qHKJI npH 3aMece TeCTa C )KH}J.Koii 3aKBacKoH Bna>KHOC1'b1O 70:1:1 % BHOCHT 30-35% H Bn&>KHOCTblO 75%--=25% MyKH OT 06meH MaCCbl ee Ha TeCTO (Ta6n. 35.) . B npoH3BOACTBelfilOM lUIKne >KH}J.K}'IO 3aKBacKY BnroKHOCTblO 69-75% 003 3auapKH OCBe>r<:aIOT no AOCTH>KeHHH KHcnOTHOCTH 9-13 rpap; '1epe3 3-$ 'I (B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT BnaX<HOCTH 3aKBaCKH, copTa H Ka'leCTBa MYKH) nyreM oT60pa 50% cnenoH 3aBaCK8 83 6pO,ll;HJ'IbHOro B paCXOAHbrH '1aH H Aanee Ha 3aMeC TeCTa H 11.06auneHHH B 6po,ll;HJ'IbHbIH 'laH K ocTaumeHcH Milcce 3KBHBa- J1eHTHOro KOIDI'leCTBa DHTaTeJlhHOH CMeCH H3 M}'KH H' BOAb[ l1)UI BocnpOH3- BOAcma 3aKBaCKH, ('ra6n. 34). Ta6nllIXa 35 Peq;emypa II pC1KHM DpHI'OTOBneBHJI TecTa Ha ]JQI,ll;Koii SaJQIaCKe 6e3 38B8pKU HaHMeHOBSIIHe ChIPbR. nonyclls6pHKaTOB ,H DOKa38TeJ1eii DpOD.eCca, PacxOA ChIp!>R H DapBM8TphI TecTa DPH BHeceHHH MYKH C 381<BacKoft, % 25 35 T86nllIXa 34 Peq;emyp8 H pe]JQIM DpHroTOBnelUlJl xaw<oii SaKB8CKH 6es s8BapKH B DpOu3BOAcmeHHOM ne )l(U/1KaH 3aKB8CJ<a 6C3 38B8pJ<1I, Kr MYKa, Kr* Bop,a, J<r Conb, Kr APyroe CblpbC, Kr BJ!a)iQlOCTb, %, He 60nce TeMITcpaTYpa Ha'laJIbHaH, °c KIIcnOTHOCTb KOHC'lH8H, rpal1: 113 0611HpHoil MYKII 113 o6oRHoil MYKII 113 CMeCH pxmHoilll mnCHlI'IHoll MYKII np0)10n)l(lITeJ1bHOCTb GpO)l(CHWI, MIIH HaHMeHOBSHHe CltIpbR. nonyclla6pHKaToB H nOKaaaTeJIeii npoecca PacxOA CbIpbli H TeXHOJIOrH'IecKlIe DBpaMeTp!>I 3aKBaCKa npe)I(!Jero npllroToBncHlIH, Kr KOJllltJeCTBO MyKH, BHOCHMOfi C 3aKBaCKolI, Kr IbrraTcnbHaH CMCCb 113 MyKH II BO.r:\b1, Kr Macca 3aKBaCKII, Kr KOJIII'lCCTBO MYKII B 3aKBaCKC. J(r Bn8)!(l10CTL, % TeMnepaTYpa Ha'laJibHaH, °c KIIcnOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaH, rpa)1: 113 MYKII p)l(aHoll 06AHpHOil 113 MYKII p)l(aHoil 060llHOil np O I1OJI)I(lITeJlbHOCTb 6po)l(eHlIH, 'I nOj1beMHaHClIJia,MIIH 153 50 153 306 100 69-75 28-30 9-12 11-13 3-4 25-35 76 75 92 '70 105 65 no paC'leTy no emype no peucmype WXJI+ (0,5-1.0) 29-31 29-31 29-31 9-12 9-12 9-12 10-13 10-13 10-13 B 3aBHClIMOC'fH. OT COpTa XJ1e6a 90-150 60-90 90-120 * COOTHOlI1CHlIe p)l(aHoilll nlI1CHlI'IHoII MyKlI B TeCTe 3aBIIClIT OT Bbipa6aTbmaeMoro copTa XJ1cGa. 78 7St 
C YBeooqeHHeM KOooqeCTBa BHOCHMOH M)'KH C 25 ,lJ;0 30-35% YCKO- pHeTcH KHcnOTOHaKOI1JIeHHe B TeCTe H ynyqUlaeTCH KaqeCTBo xne6a. PaCqenIYlO Bna>KHOCTh TeCTa YCTammnHBalOT Ha rrpegnpHHTHHX rrpo6- HbIMH Bbme'lKaMH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT Kaqecrna M}'KH H copTa xne6a. DpH rrepepa60TKe MYKH C HopManbHOH aBTOOOTHqeCKOH aKTHBHOCThlO Bna>K- HOCTb TeCTa 06bI'IH0 YCTaHaBOOBalOT Ha 1 % BbIUle npe,lJ;enbHO-,lJ;orryCTHMOH Bna>KHOCTH xne6a. ITpH rrpOH3BO,lJ;Crne xne6a H3 CMeCH p>KaHOH H rrUleHlf'IHOH MYKH TeCTO BbI6pa>KHBalOT ,lJ;0 KHcnoTHoCTH Ha 1-2 rpa,rJ; BbIUle BepxHero l1pe,lJ;ena CTaH- ,lJ;apTHoH KHcnOTHOCTH Bblpa6aTbIBaeMoro copTa xne6a. HeCMOTpH Ha TO, qTO HH>KHHe npeLJ;enbI KHcnOTHOCTH rOTOBOH npO):(yK- WlH He pernaMeHTHpoBaHbI, ,lJ;.IlH rronyqeHHH p>KaHbIX H p>KaHO-rrUleHH'IHbIX COpTOB xne6a xopOUlero KaqeCrna KOHe'IHaH KHcnOTHOCTb TeCTa MO>KeT 6bJTh HH>Ke BepXHero npe,lJ;ena CTaHLJ;apTHOH KHcnOTHOCTH xne6a He 60nee, qeM Ha 1,5-2 rpa,lJ;. l' 8 6 JI II U a 36 Pcqemypa H peHiliM KOHCepB8qJI1I )l(H,!V(oii 3aKBaCKH 6ro 3aBapKII nyreM o:xna)I(AeHIIJl H ee pe8KTlIBllqllJl OCBC)I(eHlleM H8HMeHOB8HlIe CbIpbJI, nony4J86pHK8TOB H nOKa3aTeneii npoueCC8 >KH,i:\K8JI 38KB8CK8 6e3 38B8PKH nocne KOH- nocne OCBe)Ke. cepB8Ul1H HHJI H 6po)KewiJI oxnaeHHcM (H8 100 Kr MYKlI) Bb!6po)l(cHHaR 3aKBaCK8 110 KOHcepBaUlIlI, Kr 3aKB8CKa noCJIC KOHcepa8UlIlI, Kr MYK8 pxmHaH, Kr Bona, Kr Bna)I(HOCTb, % TeMnepaTypa,oC: BOnbI B BOI1HHOfi py681I1Ke 6pOAlIJ1bHOrO qaHa BO,o;b! 1JlIR OCBC)I(eHHH 3aJ<BaCKlI nOCJIe KOHcepBaUlIlI 38KB8CKlI KHCJIOTHOCTb, rp8p;: nOCJIe KOHcepBaUlIlI noCJIC OCBC)I(eHIIR II 6po)l(eHlIH nOj1'beMHaR CHJJ8, MJlH: nocJlc KOHcepB8UlIJi nocJle OCBe)l(CHlIH II 6po)l(eHHH npOp;OJl)l(l!TeJlbHOCTb, 'I: KOHoepB8UlIlI 6po)l(eHlIR noCJIC OCBC)I(eHlIR KOHcepBa >KU,JJ;KOjt 3aKBaCKH 6e3 3aBapKH ITpH pa60Te B O,lJ;H)'-,lJ;Be CMeHbI BbI6po>KeHHYlO >KH,lJ;KYIO 3aKBaCKY e3 3aBapKH MO>KHO KOHcepBHpoBaTb nyreM oxna>K,lJ;eHHH ,lJ;0 TeMrrepaTypbI IUIlOC 10:tSoe (Ta6JI. 36) HOO nyreM OCBe>KeHHH LJ;BOHHOH ,lJ;030H IlHTaHHH C HaqanbHOH TeMITepaTypoH OKono 20 0 e C rrocne):(ylOIlJ,HM XpaHeHHeM rrpH TeMITeparype 20-25°e. ITpH KOHcepBa1nm oxna>K,lJ;eHHeM 50% BbI6po>KeHHOH B 06bJqHbIX YCJIO- BHSIX >KH,lJ;KOH 3aKBaCKH oxna>K,lJ;alOT ,lJ;0 TeMnepaTypbI imlOC lO:t5°e H XpaHHT npH TaKOH >Ke TeMIIepaTYpe B eMKOCTHX C oxna>K,[(alOIUeH Py6aUlKoH B Teqe- HHe LJ;O 24 qaCOB. ITocJ1e KOHCepBau,HH 3aKBacKY peaKTHBHpYlOT rrO,lJ;orpeBoM qepe3 BO,lJ;RH)'lO Py6aUlKY, OCBe>KalOT IlHTaTenbHOH CMeCblO B COOTHOUlemm 1:1 C HaqanbHOH TeMnepaTYPoH 30:t2°e, BbI6pa>KHBalOT ,lJ;0 KHCJIOTHOCTH 9-13 rpa,rJ; (B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT COpTa MYKH) H pacxo,lJ;YlOT Ha npHroToBneHHe TeCTa H BocnpOH3BO,lJ;CTBO 3aKBaCKH 06bl'IHbIM cnoc060M. Xono,lJ;H)'lO BO):(y ,lJ;JIH 3anonHeHHH BO,lJ;HHOH Py6aJl!I<H 6pOMJ1bHbIX qaHOB B 3HMHee BpeMJI nonyqalOT H3 BO,lJ;OrrpOBO,lJ;a, a B neTHee - H3 apTe- 3HaHCKOH CKBa>KHHbI HnH HerrOCpe,lJ;CrneHHo Ha npe,lJ;npIDITHH C rroMoIUblO rrpHH)'AHTenbHOro oxna>K,[(eHHH. ITO,lJ;OrpeB 3aKBaCKH nocne KOHcepBHH oCYllIecrnnHlOT BO,lJ;OM C TeMne- paTypOH 46-S0 0 e, KOTOpylO HCrrOJIb3YlOT ,lJ;.IlH npHroTOBJIeHHH ffiITaTeJIbHOH CMeCH H ,lJ;.IlH o60rpeBa 6pO,lUIJIbHbIX qaHOB rrOCpe,lJ;CTBoM BO,lJ;HHOn Py6aJllKH. 153 153 50 103 72 72 4-10 28-32 46-50 1O:!:5 28-32 12-14 9-13 30-40 25-35 8-24 3-5 ITpH KOHcepBHH oxna)l(,lJ;eHHeM H rrocne):(ylOIUeH peaKTHBHH 3a- KBaCKY eJIeC006pa3HO rrepeMennman,,lJ;.IlH 60JIee 6bJcTporo H paBHOMepHoro ,lJ;OCTH)l(eHHH Tpe6yeMoH TeMnepaTypbI. ITpH He06xo,lUIMOCTH KOHcepBaHH >KH,D;KOH 3aKBaCKH Ha 10-15 CYT He60JIbUlOe KOJIHqeCTBO ee (5-10 Kr) rrOMeIUalOT B XOJIO,lJ;IDIbHHK C TeMrrepa- TypOH 4-6°e. .D.rrH B0306HOBJIeHHH npoecca 6pO)l(eHHH oxna)l()J;eHHYlO 3aKBaCKY OCBe- >KalOT rrHTaTeJIbHOH CMeCblO B COOTHOUleHHH 1:1 C HaqanbHOH TeMrrepaTypoH 28-30 0 e H ,lJ;anee HaKaIUIHBalOT ,lJ;0 Hy>KHOrO KOooqeCTBa rrocpe,lJ;CrnOM OCBe>KeHHH no peerrType H TeXHOnOrHqeCKOM)' pe>KHM)' npOH3BO,lJ;CrneHHoro HKna. ITpH OTCyrCTBHH peanbHbIX B03MO>KHOCTeH KOHCepBaInIH oxna)l(,lJ;eHHeM )l(H,lJ;KYlO 3aKBaCKY MO>KHO COXpaHHTb B TetreHHe 8-12 q rrYTeM OCBe>KeHHH ,lJ;BOHHOH ,lJ;030M ffiITaHHH C HaqanbHOH TeMrrepaTypOH He 60JIee 20 0 e. B ,lJ;aHHOM cnyqae qepe3 8-12 q XpaHeHHH npH TeMrrepaType IUIlOC 20-2s o e KHcnOTHOCTb 3aKBaCKH COCTaBnHeT 12-14 rpa,lJ; rrpH rro,lJ;'beMHOH CHJIe 35-40 MHH. .D.rrH B0306HOBJIeHHH rrpoecca 6pO>KeHHH 3aKBaCKY OCBe- 80 81 
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3aI<:BaCKa CaMOTeKOM rrocTyrraeT B 'JaH - c60pHHK 11 HaKarrnllBaeTCH TaM ,lJ;0 K01IliqeCTBa, He06xo)J,!1MOrO }1,JIH 3arronHeIDlH O,lJ;HOrO 6pO,l],lU!bHoro 'laRa. 113 qaHa-c60pHHKa 3aKBaCKY rrepll0,[UfqeCKll nepeKa'nrnalOT HaCOCOM B qaHbI }1,JIH 6po)!(eHHH. CnenylO 3aKBaCKY C KllCJIOTHOCTblO 9-13 rpa,lJ; ll3 6P0,[(IDIb- HbIX qaHOB nooqepeAHo rrOJIHOCTblO rrepeKa'll!BalOT B paCXO,lJ;HbIH qaH. 113 pac- XO,lJ;HOro qaHa 30% crrenoH 3aI<:BaCKH (rrpllllCrrOJIb30Bam-lll CbIBOpOTKll) HJUf 50% (6e3 CbIBOpOTKll) pacxoA}'IOT Ha B0306HOBJIelllie 3aI<:BaCKll, a OCTaB- rnylOCH 3aKBaCKy - Ha 3aMec TeCTa B Maunmax HenpepbIBHoro ,lJ;eHCTBllH C rrOCJIeA}'IOUUfM BbI6pa)i(lfBaHHeM B nlO6bIX eMKOCTHX ,lJ;0 Tpe6yeMoii: KHC- nOTHOCTll B 3aBllCMOCTll OT copTa xne6a. TaKaH cxeMa paWWHaJlbHa, T. K. npll nepeKa'll!Bam-lll BbI6po)!(eHHOH 3aKBaCKll rronHoCTblO ll3 6pOAHnbHOrO B paCXO,lJ;Hbrn qaH 11 HerrpepbIBHOM BocrrpOll3BO,lJ;Crne 3aKBaCKll 06ecne1JJl- BaeTCH paBHOMepHoe rrepeMelllliBaHHe crrenOH 3aKBaCKll C IDlTaTeJIbHOH CMeCblO 11 cTa6M1ill3llpyeTCH rrpou;ecc 6pO>KeHHH. l' a 6 JI II U a 37 PeenTypa H PCX(HM IIpHI'OTOBneiWJI HOIAKOH 3aKBacKH C 38BapKoH B pa3BO,qO'lHOM KJIe HB)K 'lHCTbIX KYJIbIYPax ,o;po)l()I(eH II MOnO'IHOKHCJJbIX 6aKrepHii HallMeHOB8HlIe CbIpbJI, nonyl!>a6pHKBToB H nOK83aTeneH npoecca B3bI pa3BOP;O'IHOro UlIKn8 III 1,0 1,0 1.0 1,0 0,4 107,0 214,0 31,0 50,0 25,0 14,0 38,0 21,0 21,0 43,0 56,6 73,0 133,0 107,0 214,0 428,0 74-75 79-80 79-80 31-33 31-33 31-33 8-10 3-5 3-5 8-10 9-11 10-13 7-9 8-10 9-12 B 6po,lJ;JfnbHbIH qaH C nllTaTenbHOH CMeCblO ll3 M}'KH, B01J;bI II 3aBapKH BROCHT 1JJlCTbIe KYJIbTypbI MHKpOOpraHH3MOB, Bce nIJ;aTenbHo rrepeMelllli- BalOT H OCHlBnHIOT }1,JIH 6pO>KeHHH Ha 7-9 'I ,lJ;0 HaKonneHHH KHCJIOTHOCTH 7 -10 rpa,lJ;. K CrreJIOH 3aKBaCKe I <pa3bI ,lJ;06aBnHIOT ffiuaTenbHyIO CMeCb, rrepeMelllli- BalOr, BbI6pa>KHBalOT ,lJ;0 Tpe6yeMoH KllCJIOTHOCTll 11 rronyqalOT 3aKBacKy II, a 3aTeM III <pa3bI pa3BO,lJ;OqHOrO lUfKna C nOCJIe)JyIOUUfM HaI<:OrrneIDIeM ,lJ;0 KOJIllqeCTBa, Hy>KHOro npOll3BOACTBY, co6nIOA3JI nponopU;1fH CbIpbH II TeXlIO- nOnIqeCKlle napaMeTpbJ III <pa3bI pa3BO,lJ;0'lHOro lUfKJIa. ITpll Bbme,lJ;eHHH 3aKBaCKll C 3aBapKoH C He60nbIlIoH MaCCbI B YCJIO- BllHX na60paTopIDI B nllTaTem,HyIO CMeCb C TeMnepaTypoH 31-33°C, co- CTOmu;ylO ll3 M}'KH (1,0 Kr), B01J;bI (2,8 Kr) 11 3aBapKH (1 Kr) BHOCHT 200 MJI CMeCH 'lHCTbIX KYJIbTYP MonotJHOKllCJIbIX 6aKTepilli (rro 50 MJI Ka)l()];Oro IlIraMMa) II 10 MJI 'IllCTOH KYJIbTypbI ,lJ;pO>K>KeH B BH,lJ;e CMbIBa C KocIlKa, Bce TlaTenbHo rrepeMelllliBalOT, rrOMem;alOT B TepMocaT C TeMnepaTypoH 31-33 C }1,JIH 6po>KeHHH Ha 8-10q,lJ;0 KHCJIOTHOCTH 7-9 rpa,lJ;" nonyqaroT 5 Kr 3aKBaCKH I <pa3bI pa3BO,lJ;OtJHOro lUfKna. K crrenOH 3aKBaCKe I <pa3bI ,lJ;06aBnHIOT ffinaTenbHyIO CMeCb H3 MYJ<H (0,9 Kr), BO,lJ;bI (3,1 Kr) 11 3anapKH (1 Kr), rrepeMelllliBalOT, BbI6pa>KllBalOT B TepMOcraTe C TeMnepaTypoH 31-33°C B TetJeHHe 3-5 q,lJ;O KHCJIOTHOCTH 8-10 rpa,lJ; H rronytJalOT 10 Kr >KlfAKlle KynbTypbI MOnO'lHOKlICllbIX 6aKTepllH, n: L. plantamm- 30 L. casci- 26 L Brcvis-l L fcrmcnti-34 >KlIAK8H I<ynbTYpa I1po)l()I(elt S. cerevisiae n-l, n 3aKB8cK8 IIPCAbIAYIUcfi q,83bI, Kr KOJllI'leCTBO MYKII B 38KBacKc, Kr MYKB pxmHaH 060ilH8H HJlH 061111pHaH, Kr 3aBapK8 113 MYKH II BOAbl (1 :2,5) , Kr Bo,o;a,Kr 06ruaH Macca, Kr BJla)!(ll OCTb, % TCMIIepaTYpa Ha'laJ1I,Ha5l, °c . IIp 0 l1 0Jl )l(l!TeJlI>HOCTb 6po)l(eHlI5I, tI KlICIIOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaH, rpal1: 113 o60fiHOfi MYKII 113 06Al1pHofi MYKII 3.1.3. npHroToBneHHe Tecra Ha >KHAKoA 3aKBaCKe C 3aBapKoA Ha >Kll)J;KOH 3aKBaCKe C 3aBapKoH no YHH<pHlwpoBaHHoH neHHHrpa,lJ;CKOH cxeMe BbIpa6aTbIBalOT rrpeHM}'m;ecTBeHHO copTa xne6a H3 CMeCH p>KaROH H nmeHH'lHOH M}'KH. 3aKBaCKa C 3a.BapKOH AomKHa HMeTb Bna>KHOCTb 80-85%, KHcnOTHOCTb 9-12 rpa,z:J;, nO,lJ;'beMHyIO CIDIy ,lJ;0 30 l'vffiH. 3aKBaCKY OCBe>KaIOT IDnaTeJIbHOH CMeCblO H3 M}'KH H BO,lJ;bI C ,lJ;06anneHHeM 3aBapKH B K01Ili'leCTBe 20-35% K Macce ffiITaIllUI }1,JIH CTHMYnHIUUf ,lJ;pO>K>KeH. ITpH 3aMeCe TeCTa C 3aI<:BaCKOH BHOCHT 15-20% MYKH OT 06m;eH MaCCbI ee Ha Tecro C nocne)JyIOUUfM 6pO>KeHHeM TeCTa ,lJ;0 HaI<:OlUIellliH Tpe6yeMoH KHcnOTHocrll B 3aBHCHMOCTH or copra xne6a. B pa3BO,lJ;0'lHOM lUfKne 3aKBacKY BbIBO)J.HT C rrpllMeHelllieM 1JJlCrOH Kynb- TYPbI ,lJ;po>K>KeH S. cerevisiae n-l B CoqeraHHH co CMeCblO >Kll,lJ;KllX Kynb- ryp MOnO'lHOKllCJIbIX 6aKTepIDi L. plantarum-30, L. casei-26, L. Brevis-I, L. fermenti-34 HJllf cyxoro naKTo6aKrepHHa}1,JlH >KH)J;KHX xne6HbIx 3aKBaCOK H3 3rHX)!(e IlITaMMOB. ITo rronHOM}' pa3BOLJ;0'lH0M}' IUfKny 3aKBaCKY BbIBO,lJ;HT 1-2 pa3a B ro,lJ; H1IIi no Mepe He06xo,lJ;llMOCTH B cJIytJae YXY,lJ;IlIellliH KatJeCTBa ee H3-3a BbI- Hy>K,IJ;eHHbIX rrpocToeB H ,lJ;pyrHX HerrpeJU3H,lJ;eHHbIx rrpll'IHH. Pa3Bo.n;O'lHbrn u;HKJI C npHMeHeHHeM >KJf,LUCHX 'lHCTbIX KynLryp .n;po>K>KeA H MOnO'lHOKHCJILIX 6aKTepua: BbIBe,lJ;eHHe >KllLJ;KOH 3aKBaCKll MO>KHO Ha1JJlHaTb HenOCpe,lJ;CTBeHHO B u;exe C 6onbUlOH MaCCbI (Ta6JI. 37)HJlli B na60paropIfH C He60nbUlOH MaCCbI. 84 85 
33KBaCKIi II a3bl. K HeH ,lJ;D6aBnHIOT 10 Kr IllnaTenbHDH CMeCIi 1I3 M}'KII (1,8 Kr), BD,lJ;bl (6,2 Kr) II 3aBapKII (2 Kr), nepeMeunmaIOT,BbI6pa>KIIBaIOT npli TeMnepaType 31-33°C no. KI1CnDTHDCTH 9-12 rpan II nDnY'laIOT 20 Kr 3aKBaCKli III a3bI. EpO}J,IDIbHaR eMKDCTb ,lJ;Dn)!{Ha B 2,5 pa3a npeBbllUaTb Maccy 3aKBaCKli no. rpa3aM pa3BOnD'lHDrD lUIKna. Bb16pD>KeHliYIO 33KBaCKY III a3bl nepeHD- CHT B 6pD,lJ;HJIbHbIH 'laB 11 ,lJ;anee HaKalUIliBalOT ,lJ;D KDIDfqeCTBa, H)'>KHDrD npD- 1I3BDnCTBY, nYTeM ,lJ;D6mmeHlIR K cnenDH 3aKBaCKe pmiHDrD KDnH'leCTBa nl1- TaTenbHOH CMeCH II Bbl6pa>KlIBamUI ,lJ;D KJiCJIDTHDCTH 9-12 rpa,lJ; B TeqeHHe 3-5 q. llpli Bna)K!{DCTIi 33KBaCKH 80, 82 11 85% CDDTHDlUeHHe MYKII, BD,lJ;b1 II 3aBapKII B IllnaTenbHDH CMeCIi ,lJ;Dn>KHD 6bITb CDDTBeTCTBeHHD 18 :62 :20, 14:61 :25, 8:57:35. flpodo/IJICeIJue raM. 38 AKTHB 8L\11S1* cJ>a3bI p83BOP;O'lHOro L\1IKn8 H8UMeHOB8HHe CbIpbSl, nony<l>a6puK8TOB If nOK838Teneil npOlIeCC8 cyxoro 38K08- nSKTO- CO'lHbIX I II UI 68KTe- P;PO>K- pHH8 >Keil Pa3BOJIO'IHLIA JI C nplIMeHelDleM cyxoro naKT06aKTepHHa 311BSpKa "3 MYKlIlI BOnbJ. (l :2,5), Kr 21,0 21,0 43,0 MYKa p)l(aHa51 o60ItHa51 MIl 06Al1pHaR. Kr 1.16 0,29 25,0 13,0 38,0 BOlJ)l, Kr 2,76 0,68 56.0 73.0 133.0 OGW351 Macca. Kr 4.0 1.0 107.0 214,0 428,0 BnS)I(HOCTb. % 75 75 74 75 79 80 79-80 TCMnepaTYpa HaqanbHaJl. DC 33 35 30- 33 31 33 31 33 31-33 KUCJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaR, rp3A: 113 o60ltnolt MYKH 3-5 8 10 9 11 10-13 113 06JU1pHOit MYKH 3-5 7-9 8 10 9-12 npol101l)l(HTenbHOCTb aKTlIBaUlIH H 6po)l(e- 4-5 4-5 7-10 3-5 3-5 HlIR, '1* McnDnb3YIOT CYXDH naKTD6aKTepIIH )J,JUI >KH,lJ;I<IIX xne6HbIX 3aKBaCOK B COqeTaHIDI C 'llICTOH KynbrypDH ,lJ;pD)J()J(eH S. cerevisiae n-l B BII,lJ;e CMhma ,lJ;pD)J()J(eBblx KDnDHIIll: C Tpex KDCHKDB CYCJID-arapa BD,lJ;DnpDBD,lJ;HDll: BD,lJ;Dll:. llpli DTCyrCTBlI1I 'llICTDll: KynbTypbl ,lJ;DnycKaeTcH IICnDnb3DBaHHe BD)J,HDll: cyc- neH3HH npeccDBaHHblx ,lJ;pD)J()J(ell: (Ta6n. 38). * npecCOB3HHbIe npo)l()I(H 3KTHBlIpYIOT He 60nee 30-40 MHH. 107,0 31,0 214,0 50,0 BDAH)'IO cycneH31I1O naKTD6aKTeplIHa (8 ,lJ;D3 B 80 MIl BDnbl C TeMnepaTY- pDll: 33-35°C) BHOCHT B ffinaTeJIb!l}'1O CMeCb 1I3 p>KaHDll: MYKII, BD,lJ;bI, TUJ;a. TenbHD nepeMelUlIBalOT II DCTaBJIJllOT Ha 4-5 II npli TeMnepaType 33-35°C )JJIH aKTHBamm MDnD'fHDKIICJIbIX 6aKTeplliL llpli nD,nrDTDBKe 3aKBaCO'lHbIX Apo>K>KeH B Ka>K,I(YIO 1I3 Tpex npo6HpoK C KDnDHHJIMII npo>K>KeBbIX I<J1eTDK Ha KOCHKax cycnD-arapa ,lJ;D6anJISlIOT no. 10 MIl BDnDnpoBD,lJ;HDH BD,lJ;b1 C TeMneparypoll: 28-30°C, BCTpHxHBalOT II, nDMDraJI CTeKnRHHOH nanD'lKDll:, CMbmaIOT KneTKI1 APD>K>Kell: C KDCHKDB B IlliTaTenbH)'IO CMeCb. CDCTDHm:y1O 1I3 p>KaHOll: M}'KH II BO,lJ;bl, II DCTaBnHIOT )JJIH 3KTHBaUHH npo>K>KeBbIX KneTOK npli TeMneparype 28-30°C Ha 4-5 'l. llpH Hcnonb30BaHHII cycneH3HH npeccoBaHHblx npD)J()J(eH (30 r B 30 MIl BD,lJ;bI) aKTIIBaUIiIO B M)"lHDH cpe,lJ;e npDBoAHT Bcero B Te'leHHe 30-40 MlIH. AKTIIBHpoBaHHble naKTD63KTepIiH II npD>K)J(}I BHDCHT B 6pD,lJ;ID1bHblll: qaH C IlliTaT.enbHDH CMeCbIO H3 MYKII, BO}J,b1 II 3anapKII, Tl..UaTenbHO nepeMeurn- BalOT II OCTaBnRIOT Ha 6pD>KeHHe no. H3KDnneHHH KIICJIDTHOCTH 7 -9 rpa,lJ;. Ha 3aKBaCKe I «l>a3bl roTDBHT 3aKBacKY II, a 3aTeM III «l>a3bl pa3BDnDII- HDrD I.IIIKJIa. llpli BbmeneHHII 3aKBaCKli C He6oJIblUOH MaCCbl B YCJIOBIIJIX JIa60pa- TDPHH cycneH31I1O JI3KTo6aKTepHHa (4 ,lJ;D3bl B 40 MIl BD,lJ;bl) aKTHBlIpYIOT 4-5 'l npH TeMnepaType 33-35°C B IlliTaTenbHDH CMeCIi H3 M}'KII (0,29 Kr) II BD)J,bI (0,67 n). AKTIIBHpDBaHHbrn naKTD6aKTepHH Tlu:aTenbHD cMeurnBaIOT C cycneH- 3HeH np0)f()l(eH (CMbffi C nBYx KDCJIKOB IInH 1 r npeccDBaHHblx ,lJ;pO>K>KeH B 20 MIl BD}J,bI) H BHDCHT B IlliTaTeJIbHYIO CMeCb H3 M}'KH (0,88 Kr), BOnbl T a 6 11 111\ a 38 PCl.\enTYpa II pe)I(HM npllTOTOBneHHJI )KJW(OH 38KBaCKH C 38BapKOH B pa3BOO'lHOM l.\HKne Ha CYXOM n3KT063KTepHHe AKnmaIJ,llSl* cJ>S3bI pS3Bop:O'lHOrO IUfKna H811MeHOB8IDIe CbIpbJl, nony4>s6pHK8TO;B H nOK33STencii npoueccs cyxoro 3Ba- nSKTO- CO'IHbIX J II 1lJ 6SKTe- AP°>K- pHHS )l(eii CycneH311J1 JlaKT06aKTepHHa I1JiJl )l(l!AKIIX XJlC6HbIX 3aKBaCOK (8 n03 B 80 MJ1 BO- p;bI),n CycnCH311H I1po)l()I(elt S. ccrevisiac fl-l (CMbIB C TpeX KOC5IKOB B 30 MJJ BOAbi HJIII 30 I' npeccoBaHHbIX I1po)l()l(elt B 30 MJ1 BOAbi) , JI AKTHBlIpoB3HHbIfi 1IaKT06aKTepllH, Kr AKTlIBlIpoBaHHbIc )1PO)l()!(lI, Kr 3aKBaCKa IIpel1bLIJ,yll(CIt q,a3bI, KT KOJlll'leCTBO MYKII B 3aKBaCKC, Kr 0,080 0,030 4,0 1,0 * npeccoBaHHbIe I1PO)l()I(lf aKTHBHpYIOT HC 601lec 30-40 MlIH. 86 87 
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Hocm B 3aBllCllMOCTll OT BbIpa6aTbIBaeMQrO copTa XJIe6a. KOHe'lHM KHCJIOT- HOCTh TeCTa nOJI)KHa COOTBeTCTBOBaTb Bepxncr..ty rrpeneJIY KllCJIOTHOCrn BbI- pa6aTbIBaeMoro capTa XJI.e6a. llpiI rrcpepbIBax B pa60Te B TeqeHHe 12-24 'I KMK3 He Tpe6yeT rrplmYAHTeJIbHOrO OXJIa)!(,!J;eHIDI, T. K. ll3-3a I!OBbIllieHHOU KMCJIOTHOCTII ORa caMOKOHcepBlipyeTCH. KO.JI1IqeCTBO 'laHOB )J)IH KMK3 orrpenemlIDT llCXOIJ,H ll3 CYTOlJHOU BbIpa-. 60TKll XJIC6a.ll npyrnx nOKa3aTeJIeU, He()6xoAIiMbIX l1lHf pacqeTa. n p II M C p: CYTotlHaH BbIpaOOTKa MeGa YKpal1HCKoro HOB oro - 10 TOHH CpcAHI1f! rrnaHoBbIf! BbIXOI1 xJlcGa - 150% Pacxol1 p)I(aHofi OGj1HpHotl IIIYKII Ha KMK3 - 10% BJla)l(HOCTb KMK3 - 70% JJ:0311pOBKa IIpCCCOBaHHbIX AP0)l()I(efi - 0,7% Ea311CHa51 BJla)l(HOCTb MYI<lI - 14,5% Pacxo,o; KMK3 Ha IIpllrOTOBJlCHHC TeCTa - 90% Pacxo,o; KMK3 Ha B0306HOBJleHlIe KMK3 - 10% npol10Jl)!(llTeJIbHOCTh GpO)l(eHHR KMK3 - 8 'IaCOB CnocoG TeCTOBel1eHlIH - IIOPUHOHHblf! B 2 CTIlj1HlI (KMK3 - TeCTO) PaCqeT CyrO'1HbIU paCXOn MYKli (p)KaHOU II lIllleHH'lHOU) Ha rrpnrOTOBJIeHlle 10 T XJIe6a: 06Il\HH paCXOn KMK3 B CMeHY: 633,5 + 70,4 = 703,9 Kr. Tpe6yeMM eMKOCTh qaHOB )]1m 6po)KeHIDI KMK3 B TeqeHlIe 8 'I C yqeroM B03MO)KHOro yBeJIllqeHIDI ee 06'beMa B rrpou;ecce 6po)KeIf.Iffi B 1,5-2 pa3a: 703,9 . 1 = 1407,8 JI. I1cxolJ,H ll3 paCqeTa fllIH 6po)KeHIDI KMK3 MO)KlIO llMeTb l.'MH eMKOCThIO 1400 JI, HaTIpnMep, P3-XQJ],-1400 llJlli 2 qaHa eMKOCTblO lIO 1000 JI, Harrpll- Mep, P3-XQJ],-1000. 3.2. nPHrOTOBJ1EHHE TECTA H3 nIJIEHH1JHOA MYKH 35,08 Pacxon KMK3 Ha rrpllrOTOBJIeHlle TeCTa B CMeHY KMK3) : 633,5 . 10 (10% OT 06m;eu MaCCbl B HaCTOHIl(eU rnaBe rrpnBenelThI crroc06bI II arrrrapaTypHbIe CXeMbI rrpllro- TOBJIeHIDI TeCTa ll3 IlllleHWIHOU MYKll orrapHbIM crroco60M, Ha f50JIbIllOU ryc- TOU orrape, Ha )Kl[p;KOH orrape, 6e30rrapHbIM II YCKopeHHbIMM crroco6aMll. KOHKpeTHbIH crroco6ll arrnapaTypHM cxeMa rrpnrOTOBJIeHIDI TeCTa BbI6n- paroTCH B COOTBeTCTBIlli C lUIaHllpyeMbIM accopmMeHTOM rrpoA}'KUHH, 06'be- MOM rrpoll3BOnCTBa, llMelOm;llMCH 06opynoBaHHeM, KJIllMamqeCKHMM ycno- BllHMll if npyrllMM aKTOpaMll. J],rrH MaCCOBbIX COpTOB xne6a ll3 IlllleHWlHO}l MyKll BropOro II rrepBoro COproB Han60nee u;eneco06pa3HO rOTOBllTh TecTO Ha )KHp;KllX orrapax C llC- rrOJIb30BaIrneM HerrpepbIBHbIX IDIll HerrpepbIBHo-rrepllO]J;!IqeCKllX arrrrapaTYP- HbIX cxeM, a )]IUI MaCCOBbIX capTOB XJIe6a II 6yrrO'IHbIX ll3neJIHH ll3 M}'Kll rrepBoro II BbICurero COpTOB - Ha 60JIhllIMX rycTblx, 06bl'IHbIX (50%) ena- pax, a TaK)Ke 6e30rrapHbIM IDIll YCKopeHHbIMH crroco6aMll. TIpll 3TOM Henpe- pblBHbIe aTIrrapaTypHbIe CXeMbI, B qaCTHOCTll C llCnOJIb30BaHlleM arperaToB 118-XT A/12 (6), peKoMeH;:J;yeTcH llCrrOJTh30BaTh rrpll pa60Te Ha BbICOKO- MexaHH3llp<:maHHbIx JIllHHHX co CpaBHHTeJIbHO He60JIblilliM (1-5 COproB) accoprnMeHToM nponYKU;1lli ll3 M)'Kll OnHoro COpTa. He06xoAIiMO llMeTb B Bnny, qTO B perlloHax C )KapKllM KJIllMaroM u;eJIeC006pa3HO llCnOJIb30BaTh )Kl[p;Klle o rrapbl , KOTopbIe JIerqe rro.!J,[lalOTcH opra)KneHHIO, IDIll YCKopeHHbIe cnoc06bl, oco6eHHo C rrpllMeHeHlleM non. KllCJIHIOIl\HX CpenCTB: )KH}J,KllX npo)K)Keu, MOJIOlJHOH CblBOpOTKli, Me30cpIDIb- HbIX MOJIO'lHOKllCJIbIX 3aKBacoK, KoeHTpllpoBaHHOU MOJIOlJHOKllCJIOM 3aKBaCKM. TIpllMeHeHlle nOp;KllCJIllTeJIeU CHll)KaeT BepoHTHocTb 3a60neBaHHH XJIe6a KapTOeJIbHOM 60JIe3HblO B JIeTlrnH rrepllOn. EOJIblillie rYCThIe II 06bI'lHbIe orrapbI, oco6eHHo C llCrrOJIb30BaHlleM lIe- rrpepbIBHbIx annapaTypHbIX cxeM, arperaToB 118-XTA/12(6) II np., MO)IGIO peKoMennOBaTb fllIH cpenneu rrOJIOCbI II ceBepHbLX perlioHoB CCCP. TecTo fllIH Cn06HbIx II MeJ1KOlllT}"IHbIX li3neJInH ll3 My!<ll rrepBoro II BbICIllero COpTOB MO)lQ{O roroBllTb JII06bIM ll3 rrepe'IliCJIeHHbIX crroco60B. TIpll BbIpa60TKe lillipoKoro accopTllMeHTa ll3neJInH C 'laCThIMM rrepexOnaMll 10000 '100 = 6667 Kr. 150 CYTO'IHbIU pacxon M)'Kll, BHOCliMOM C KMK3 Ha rrpnrOTOBJIeHl!e TeCTa (10%) : 6667' 10 = 666,7 Kr. 100 Pacxon M)'KH p)KaHOH, BHOCliMOU C KMK3 Ha npliroTOBJIeHne TeCTa B cMeHY: 666,7 : 3 = 222,2 Kr. COnep)KaHlle P)KJHOU MYKli rrpM BJIa)KHOcrn 14,5% B 100 Kr KMK3 Bna)K- HOCTblO 70%: . 100 (100-70) M3 = = 35,08 Kr. 100 - 14,5 Pacxo KMK3 Ha npnrOTOBJIeHMe TeCTa B cMeHY (90% OT 06Il(eH MaCChI KMK3) : 222,2 '100 = 633,5 Kr. 90 = 70,4 Kr. 98 4* 99 
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06NM CMKOCTCii: )J;1U1 3aKBaCKH npii yp;cnbHoii Macce CC p = 1,0 Kr/cM 3 Ii K03cpqHHCHTC 3anaca Kl = 1,1, onpcp;cmuoT no <popM}'TIc: M'K, MOJKeT nOBbICHThCH p;o 23-24 rpap;, B PC3YJIbTaTC qcro nocTOpoHIDIJI MMK- po<pJIopa B 3aKBaCKC HC pa3BllBaeTCJI, npcIHcxo)J;!IT caMoKoHcepBHpoBaIllie 3aKBaCKH. I1pH 60JICC )J;11HTenbHbIX ncpcpbIBax B pa60Tc npcp;npMJITIDI (PCMOHT, pCKOHCTpyKWUI H T. p;.) CJICP;YCT COXPaIDITh Hc60JIblIIOC KOJIH'leCTBO 3a- KBaCKH (15-20 Kr) B xono)J,IDlbHOii KaMcpe. I1cpcp; HaqaJIOM pa60ThI YBcnHqCHHC 06'bCMa 3aKBaCKH OCYIl\CCTBJIHIOT rryTCM BHeCCHHJI B Hce IDiTa. TcnbHoii CMeCH C TeMncpaTypoll: 47-49° C B COOTHOllleHHH 1 :4, C noCJIC- P;YlOmHM BbIp;Cp>KHBaHI'leM npH Tcrvm:cpaType 36-40° C p;o KIICJIOTHOCTH 14-18 rpap;. I1pH yxynu:reHHH CBOll:CTB npoII3Bop;CTBCHHOH 3aKBaCKH, CHIDKCHHH cKopocrn KHCJ10TOHaKOIUICHMJI H yxyp;mcHHH BKyca roTOBblX H3p;cnlIii npH- roTOBnCHI'IC KMK3 no npoH3BOp;CTBCHHOM}' HKny npCKpaIlIalOT II roTO- BHT cc 3aHOBO no Pa3BOP;O'lliOMY I'IK.TIY (06bI'lliO 1-2 pa3a B rop;). Ka'lCCTBO 3aKBaCKH KOHTpoJlliPYIOT no CKOpoCTM YBCJ1II'lCHHH KHCJIOTHO- crn H aKnmHOCrn MOJIO'llIOKIICJ1bIX 6aKTcp1ill, onpcp;enflcMoM no H3MeHCHlliO oKpacKH MCTIDICHOBOll: CHID! IDI1:! JIHyc-rplOH B COOTBCTCTBHM C npllBcgcHlIOii HllJKC MCTO)J;HKOH. HaBCCKY 3aKBaCKII 20 r Tll\aTCJIbHO paCTHpalOT B CTyrrKc C ABYXI<paT- HbIM KOJlliqCCTBOM BOADI, npCABapHTCJIbHO HarpCmll: lJ,O 40°C. 10 MJ1 npH- rOTOBncHHoll npo6bl npH nOMOll\1I McpHoro WUIHHlJ,pa ncpcHocflT B npo6Hp- KY, Kyp;a p;o 6mmmOT 1 MJ1 0,01 % Boro-roro pacTBopa MCTIDICHOBOH CIIHU. COP;Cp)!(!IMOe npo6HpKII Tll\aTCJ1bHO nepCMCiI.lliBalOT p;o paBHOMepHoro pacnpClJ,CnCHIDI KpaCIITCJ1fl H nOMcalOT B BO)J)IH)'!O 6aHIo npM TCMrrcpaType 40° C. !IJm KOHTpOJIfl B 6aHIO CTaBflT rrpo6HpKY C 10 MJ1 npHrDTOBnCHHoH npo6b1 003 KpaCHTCJIH. AKTIiBHOCTh MOJIO'lHOKHCJ1bIX 6aKTCpP.:H B 3aKBaCKC onpClJ,enflIDT no CKO- pocm ncpcxop;a rony60ii: OKpaCKH B aHaJIOrH'rnYIO C KOHTponbHOH: B cpero-rcii: 'laCTII npo6bI. B 3aKBaCKe HOpMaJIbHOrO Ka'lCCTBa BpCMfl H3MCHCHlliI OKpaCKH MCTIDlCHOBOli cmrn COCTaBnHeT 30-40 MIlli. Hc06xo)J;HMO H36CraTb P;CiiCTBlliI npflMbIX COnHC'lHbIX nyqcll BO BpCMJI aHaJIH3a, T. K. 3TO CIDIbHO HCKa)i(aeT pC3yJIbTaTbI onpcp,cncHlHI. KOnH'lCCTBO 3aKBaCKH, HCITOnb3ycMoii Ha 3aMec TCCTa, MO)!(CT MCHHThCH B 3aBHCllMOCrn OT accopmMcma H3AenHii, OT KHCJIOTHOCrn KMK3. Ha rrpnrOTOBnCHHe 3aKBaCKH HCI!0J1b3YIOT 3-5% MyKH OT 06Il.\cro cc KO- nHqCCTBa no pccnTYpc. KOnlI'lCCTBO 3aKBaCKM M, Hc06xo]J;HMOC B CMCHY )J;11H npoH3BOP;CTEa, onpCJJ;cnHIOT no <popM}'TIC: v= p npHI'OTOBJICHHe TeCTa CM 3 I1pI1fOTOBJICHHe TCCTa YCKOPCHHbIM cnoco60M C npHMcHcHHCM KMK3 cncC006pa3HO OCyu.\CCTBJIflTb B arpcraTc I!I2-XT.JJ:-Ol, B KOMIUICKT KOTO- poro BXO)J;HT o60pyp;oBaHIle )J)1H npIITOTOBJICHlUI H C03pcBaHlUI KMK3, AJ1fl 3aMcca H 6poJKCHHfl TCCTa, a TaKJKe Ha nHHIDIX C Hcnonb30BaHlICM TccToMccIDIbHoli MaIillIHbI 1lI2-XT2-11 B CO'lCTaHHH C CCp1illHO BblrrycKac- MblM IDIH HccTaHp;apTH3HpoBaHHbIM o60pYlJ,oBaJilleM. I1apaMeTpbI TCXHO- nOrH'ICcKoro npoccca HpllroToBncHlliI TCCTa npllBcp;cHbI B taM. 52. Ta6J1liua 52 Pc!.{elITypa H pCnmM npmOTOBJIeHIUI TCCTa YCKOPCHHbIM cnoco60M Ha M0J10'lHOKHCJ10H 3aKBaCKe HallMenOBalllle CbIpbfi, rronycpa6prncaToB II rrOICa3aTCJ1i:H rrpoccca Pacxop; CbIpbH H rrapaMeTpbI rrpo- ecca rrpll BbIpa60TKe 6yno'lHbIx H3P;CJ1HH MYKa IIlI1eHlI'lHM XJ1e60neKapHaJI, Kr ,QpO)l()I(H XJ1COOneKapHbIe npeCCOBaHHbIe, Kr Conb IIoBapeHHM IIlIll(eBaH, Kr Bona, Kr [1,0 nOJlHlITeJlbHOC Cblpbe, Kr KMK3, Kr* Bna)l(HOCTb, %, He 60Jlce npoJJ.OJI)I(lITenbHOCTb 3aMeca, MlIH TCMlIcpaTypa Ha'laJlbHM, 0 C KHCJIOTIIOCTb KMK3, rpaA nP0P;OJl)l(lITenbHOCTb 6po)l(CHlI5I TeCTa, MHH KHcnOTHOCTb TeCTa KoHC'IHaJI, rpa.l1, He 60nce M= K' M 1 'n, rp;c K - K03<p<prnmCHT, )"llITbIBalOnn1H PC)lGiM pa60Thl npCnrrplliITIDI; M 1 - KOnH'lCCTBO 3aKBaCKH, Hcnonb3YCMoe Ha 3aMCC OAROM nopII.HM TCCTa; n - KOJlli'lCCTBO 3aMCCOB B 'lac. BCJIH'lliHa K03<p<pHCHTa K npH TPCXCMCHHOM, ABYXCMCHHOM H OARo- CMCHHOM pe:»aIMC pa60ThI rrpHHHMaCT COOTBCTCTBCHHO cncp;yIOIIUIC 'illCJ10Bble 3HaqeHlliI: 16,0; 12,0; 10,6. *npH Bblpa60TKe XJle6a H CP;06HbIX 1I3Aenllil KMK3 HCIlonb3YIOT B 1<01lH'IeCTBe 10- 12,S H 7,5-10 Kr COOTBCTCTBCHHO. 118 95 -97 no pC1\CnType + (0,5-1,0) no peuelITYpc no pac'IeTY no peucITType 7,5-12,5 W xn + (0,5-1,0) 3-4 30-34 14-18 40-90 Kxn + 1,0 119 
AnnapaTypmUi CXeMa npnrOTOBJIeHIDI TeCTa YCKopeHlThIM cnoco60M C HCnOJIb30BaHHeM KMK3 Ha arperare lII2-XT,n:.ol npKBep;eHa Ha pHC. 13 Y cKopeH1fhIii CIIoco6 npHI'OTOBJIeHIDI TecTa Ha )lQf)J;KOH AHcneprHpOBaHHOH cpa3e ()KJ:I;w) CYIUHOCTh AaH1IOro YCKopeHHoro cnoco6a npnrOTOBJIeHIDI TeCTa 3aKJIlO- 'laeTCH B TOM, 'lro TeCTO rOTOBHT Ha )!(If,!J;KOH AMcneprHpoBaHHoii cpa3e (}x'n:<I», KOTopaH npeACTmmHeT co60ii nOJIy<pa6pHKaT, nOJI}"leHllbIH nyTeM AMcneprHpoBaHIDI 'laCTH MJKH, MOJIO'lHoii CbIBOpoTKH, BO)J:bI H Bcero AOnOJI- HHTeJIbHOrO CblpbH. I1cnoJIb30BaHHe }K,IJ,<I> HHTeHCH<pHIJ;HpyeT KOJIJIOHHble, 6HOXHMH'Ie<;KHe H MHKpo6H0J10m'leCKHe npou;ecCbI, npoHcXOMIl\He B TeCTe (TaM. 53). 6 4 5 r TaGnllua 53 PccnTypa II PC)KIIM npllrOTOBnCHIIH TCCTa YCKOPCHHbIM cnoco60M Ha )l(II,l\Koii AHcnCpl'lIpoBaHHOH q,a3c HallMeHOBaHHe CbIpb1\, nOJIy.pa6plIKaToB, nOKa3aTeneH npoecca Pacxog CbIpbJI H napaMeTpbI npoecca PHC. 13. AnnapaTypHaJ1 CXCMa npllI'OTOBnCHIIH TeCTa 113 llInCHWlHOn MYKII YCKopeHHbIM CIIOCOGOM C HCITOnb30BaHllCM KMK3 B arpcraTC 1II2-XTJJ:-D1 1 - CMCCHTenb BHHTOBOii lli2-XB2-B; 2 - annapaT AJIJl BbI6p8)KlIBaHHJl KMK3 lli2-XT- 01.01; 3 - Hacoc weCTepeH1laTbIH lli2-x.p:H; 4 - pacxogHa5I eMKOCTb lli2-XT-01.02; .5 - g03aTop )KHgKHX KOMnOHeHTOB lli2-X,n2-B; 6- g03aTop cbmx KOMnOHeHTOB III2-X2-A; 7- TeCTOMeCHJIbHaJI MBWHHa III2-XT2-M; 8 - KOHBeHep AJJJI 6pmKCHHJl TeCTa lli2-XBB B BHIITOBOii CMeCHTeJIb 1II2-XB2-E, npep;Ha3Ha'leHHbm p;JIH npnrOTOB- JIeHIUI IlHTaTeJIbHOii CMeCH, P;03Hp}'lOT BOpy H M)'KY. I1onyqeIllI}'lO rOMOreH- H}'lO CMeCb HaCOCOM nOAaIOT B eMKOCTb 1II2-XT,IJ,-01.01, npep;Ha3Ha'leHH}'lO rom 6po)KeHlffi KMK3, B KOTopoii HaXOAlITCH BbI6po)KeHHaH: 3aKBaCKa pCl3- BOAO'lHoro u;mma. I10CJIe nOCTYIIJIeHIDI B eMKOCTb 3a.n;aIllIoro KOJIH'leCTBa IlHTarenbHoii CMeCH 3a..'<:BaCKY nepeMennmalOT H OCTaBJIJIIOT rom C03peBaHIDl. Bo BpeMl! CO"3peBaHIDI 3aKB3CKY nepHop;WleCKH nepeMeIilllBaWT MemaJIKOH, KOTOpoH OCHeHa eMKOCTh. rOTOB}'lO 3aKBaCKY B KOJIH'leCTBe, Heo6xop;HMOM ;tJ,!IH pa60Tbl B Te'le- HHe CMeHbI, nepeK3'lHBaroT HaCOCOM I1I2-X,IJ,H B pacxop;llftO eMKOCTh 1II2- XT,IJ,-Ol.02, a B OCTaBrnylOCH 3aKBaCKY CHOBa nop;aroT IlliTaTCnbHYro CMeCb. 113 pacxop;Hoii eMKOCTH HaCOCOM 1II2-X.D.H 3aKBaCKY nepeKa'illBalOT B p;03aTOp )KIf,IJ;KlIX KOMnOHeHTOB m2-X,IU>. 3THM )Ke p;03aTOpoM nOCITep;OBa- TeJIbHO Ha6HpaIOT P;03:bI Bcex )KH,I:J;KHX KOMIIOHeHTOB (BOAY', )!(Ifp, P;PO)lOKH, conb, caxap). CMeCb )l(Hp;KHX KOMIIOHeHTOB cmmaIOT B MeCIDIbHYro eMKOCTb TeCTOMeCIDIbHoii MannIHbI III2-XI2-I1, nOCITe 'Iero 'lepe3 p;03aTOp CbIIIY'lHX KOMIIOHeHTOB III2-J0J;2-A no.r:(aroT MyKY H B Te'leHl:IC 3-4 MHH 31lMeIIDIBalOT TecTO . 113 TeCTOMeCIDIbHoii MaumHbI 3aMemeHHoe TeCTO BbITpY)KaroT B p;e)!(lf !WJIbu;eBOro KOHBeiIepa ;tJ,!IH 6po)Kemill 1II2-XBB lL'IH eMKOCTb KOHBeiiepa 1II2-XBE, rp;e OHO 6poAMT 40-90 MHH}'T. >I<,D;<l> TCCTO MYKa nlI1CHlI'lHaJI XJlC60IICKapHM, Kr ,DpO)l()I(lf XJ1C60IICKapHbIc npeCCOBaHHbIC, Kr Chnb IIOBapeHHM IIlIllIeBM, Kr BOAa,Kr JJ:ononHlITeJIbHOC CbIpbe, Kr M0J10'IHM CbIBopoTKa, Kr >KJJ:cIJ, Kr npoAon)l(l!TeJIbHOCTb IIepCMClI1lIBaIllUI, MlIH npol1on)l(lfTeJlbHOCTb AIIClIcprllpoBaIllIH, MlIH BJla)!(llOCTb, % TCMIIcpaTypa Ha'laJlbHaJI, 0 C npOAOn)l(l!TeJIbHOCTb 3aMcca, MlIH* npAOn)l(lITCnbHOCTb GpO)l(CHlIJI, MlIH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM >K,UcIJ, rpap; KlIcnOTHOCTb KOHC'lHa5I TeCTa, rpap;, Hc 60nce *B 33BlIClIMOCTlI OT MapKlIlICnOnb3YCMOn TeCTOMBCHJJbHOfi MalI1llHbI. KXJ1 + 0,5 120 20-30 80-70 IIO pcucnType + (0,5-1,0) no pcucnType IIO pac'ICTy no pCUCIITypc 10-20 BCJI 3-5 5-8 65 -70 28-32 WXJI+ (0,5-1,0) 30-34 3-4 (15 -20) 30-50 20-40 4-5 121 
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M T3 - OlKnOHeHue MaCChI TCCTOBoii: 3arOTOBKH IlPH p;eneHIDl, Kr. Ha.ApC3Ka, HaKOJIKa OTl1eJ.Ka HaKOJIKa, o TI1CJ1Ka 3 = MTqyn yn 100 ; 3yC = M rx qyc 100 rl1.e Mrx - Macca xne6a npH BbIXop;e H3 ne'lH, Kr; qYII - BeJIH'illHa yrreKa, % K Macce TeCTa. qyc - BenH'illHa ycyum:u, % K Macce ropRQerO xne6a. B npon;ecce pa60TbI He06xo)J;HMO CTpeMHThCJI o6ecneQllIl. nOCTORHHhIll ypoBeHb reCTa B BopoHKe TeCTOl1.enHTenJI, a TaK)Ke nepHOp;HQeCKH KOHTpo- JIHpOBaTh Maccy KYCKOB TeCTa, BbIXO)J;JIIl1,llX H3 reCTop;enHTenR. TIpH BbmC'IKe cl>OpMOBOro xnc6a U3 p>KaHOH H p>KaHO-nllleIllftIHOH MyKH Hcnonb3YlOT reCTop;enHTenH "KY36acc 68-2M" )J;J1JI li3p;enHii: Maccoii: 0,4- 1,0 Kr; "KY36acc 2M-I" H "KY36acc 2M-2" - 0,8-1,3 Kf; X,[(<I>-2M - 0,8-1,25 Kr. TIpH BbIpa60TKe nop;OBoro xne6a H3 Tex >Ke COplDB MyKU npHMeHJIIOT p;enHTenH A2XT-H - 0,2-1,0 Kf, PT-2-O,3-1,1 Kf. 124 
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CTeneHb YBenH'leHIDI ofueMa 3aBHCHT OT COCTOHHIUI TeCTa, cnoco6a nOCa,r:J:KH 3arOTOBOI<: Ha nOA rre'lli, pe)!(HMa BbIlle'IKH HAP. cl>aK- TOpoB. ).XOCTaTO!lHO BblCOKaH TeMIlepa:rypa nO}J;a (OI<:ono 200°C) H xopoillee YBna)I(HeHHe B nepBoH 30 He ne'ill cnOC06CTBYlOT rrOBblIlleHHIO ofueMa TeCToBOH 3arOTOBKH. TIpH noca]J,Ke HX Ha xOnOAHbIH nOA npoHCXO]J,HT pacIDIbIBalllie H3}J;enIDi 11 YMeHbIlleHHe HX 06"beMa. Bce H3J1,enHH BbmeKalOT IIPH nepeMeHHOM pe)JGIMe. Pe)JGIM BbIIIe'lI<:H B onpep;eneHHOH CTeneHH 3aBHCHT OT oc06eHliOCTeH BblIIeKaeMoro copTa. P)I(aHoii cl>OpMOBOH xne6 BbIlleKalOT B HeyBna)I(HeHHOH neKapHOH KaMe- pe. TeMnepaTYPy nepBOH 30HbI ne'lH )J(enaTenbHO nOBbICHTb J1,0 260-280° C, a BO BTOpOH - CHH3HTh AO 200-190° C. TIepe}J; BbIeMKOH H3 ne'lH nOBepx- HOCTb xne6a peKOMeHJ1,yeTcH onpbICKHBaTb BOAOH, 'ITO ynY'llllaeT BHell.llIHH BH,g 113}J;enHH, CHID!<aeT yneK H ycyun<y. 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Pacxon CbIpbJI II napaMeTpbI npOeCCB npllI'OTOBrreHlIJI TeCTa Ha 3aKBBCKe H8HMeHOBBHlle CbIpbJI, )KlfAKon norrY<PB6pIlKBTOB II rycTOn )Kl!AKOll nOK83BTerrell npoeCC8 6e3 3BBBPKlI C 3BBBpKOll 38KB8CKBI TeCTO 3BKBaCKBI TeCTO 3BKBBCKBI TeCTO npOllon)l(CHlIe Ta6J1. 63 l' a 6 n II U a 64 PCl\CnTYpa If pe)l(HM ITpllrOTOBneHlIJI TCCTa ,o;nJl xJlcGa pmaHO-nlI1CHH'IHOI'O 3aBapHOI'O Ha I'ycToii 3aKBaCKC HBHMeHOBBHHe CbIpbJI, norrY<PB6pIlKBTOB II nOKB38Terren npoecc8 PBCxOn CblpbH H nBpBMeTpbI npoeccB TeMnCpaTYpa Ha'laJIbHWI, 0 C 25-28 np0l10Jl)l(I!TCJlLHOCTb 6po- 150-210 )l(eHHH, MHH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHWI, 13-16 rpa,I\ 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 29-31 40-60 180-240 60-90 180-300 90-120 3BBBpKB OC8XBpeHHBn TeCTO 9-13 10-13 9-13 9-12 9-13 3aKBaCKa rYCTM, Kr 11 43 MYKa B 3aKBaCKC Ha TeCTO, Kr 25 MYKa p)l(aJio-ITrnCHII'IHWI 060HHM, Kr 10 19 60 COJloll p)l(aIlOfi q,CpMCHTlIpOBaHHblfi, Kr 5 3aaapKa ocaxapeHHM Kr 53 ,[{P0)l()I(l! XJlC60neKapHble IIpeCCOBaHHbIC, Kr* 0,05 Conb nOBapeHHWI muueBM, Kr 1,5 BOlla, Kr 38 13 no pac'IeTy Bna)l(HOCTh, % 74- 76 48-50 He GOJlce W X1l + +(0,5-1,0) TeMlIepaTYpa Ha'laJILHWI, 0 C 63-65 25-28 28-30 npO,o;OJl)!(llTeJlLHOCTb ocaxaplIBaHlul, MHH 90-120 npOIlOJl)l(l!TCJIbHOCTb GpO)l(CHlIH, MHH 240- 300 60-90 KlIcnoTHOCTb KOHC'IHWI, rpa,I\ 12-16 9-13 * BHOCHT npll OCBC)I(eHHH 3aKBaCKYI CnOHTaHHoro 6P0)l(CHHH. fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3,IJ;enbIBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH,IJ;JIJI <l>opMoBoro XJIe- 6a YKna,lJ;bIBaIOT B <l>OPMbI, ,IJ;JIJI nO,IJ;OBOrO - B KpyrnbIe KacceTbI, nOKpbITbIe TKaHblO, HJm Ha ,IJ;OCKH, nOCbInaHHbIe MYKOH, H HanpaBnJlIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. TIpO,IJ;OmKHTenbHOCTb paccToHKH 30-60 MIIH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H yenoBIIH paccToHKH. rIpO,IJ;OmKHTenbHocTb BbIne'!KH XJIe6a MaCCOH 0,75 Kr - 48-53 MIIH, MaccoH 1,0 Kr 55-60 MIDI npH TeMnepaType neKapHOH KaMepbI 200-240°C B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT KOHCTPYKTHBHbIX oc06eHHOCTeH ne'IH If yenoBHH ee 3Kcn- nyaTaU;HH. Xne6 nepe,IJ; BbIeMKOH H3 ne'IH peKOMeH,IJ;yeTCJI onpbICKHBaTb BO,IJ;OH. · BHOCHT npll OCBe)l(eHllll 3aKBaCKYI CnOHTaHHoro 6P0)l(CHlIJI. Xne6 p>KaHO-nmeHH'IHLm sanapHOH OcaxapeHHYIO 3aBapKY OXJIa)!(JJ,aIOT ,IJ;O 32-34°C H paCXO,IJ;yIOT Ha 3aMec TeCTa, KOTopoe BbI6pa)KHBalOT ,IJ;O HaKOIDIeHHH KlfcnOTHOCTH 9-13 rpa,IJ;. fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3,IJ;enbIBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH YKna,lJ;bIBaIOT B cl>OpMbl H HanpaBnHIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. rIp0,IJ;on)KHTenbHOCTb paccToHKH 45-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H ycnoBHH paccToHKH.. TIp0,IJ;On)KHTenbHocTb Bbme'!KH xne6a MaCCOH 0,73 Kr 50-60 MIfH, Mac- COH 1,0 Kr 60--:65 MIfH npH TeMnepaType 190-240°C B 3aBlfCHMOCTH OT KOHCTPYKTlfBHblX oc06eHHoCTeH ne'!H H ycnoBHH ee 3KcIDIyaTa1l.lfu. Xne6 npH BbIeMKe 1f3 ne'IH peKoMeH,IJ;yeTCJI onpbICKlfBaTb BO,IJ;OH. Xne6 p)K3HO-mUeHH'lHbIH 3aBapHoH Bblpa6aTbIDaIOT cl>OpMOBbIM UITY'!- HbIM MaCCOH 0,73-1,0 Kr H3 MYKH p)KaHOH 060HHOH If lIIlIeIIH'IHOH 060H- HO", nony'!aeMblx B rOTOBO" CMeCH HnH pa3,IJ;enbHO, C ,IJ;06aBneHFleM p)f(aHO- ro cl>epMeHTHpoBaHHoro cono,IJ;a. TecTo n}"IlIIe rOTOBIfTb Ha rycTO" 3aKBaCKe (Ta6n. 64). rIpH pa3,IJ;enbHOM nocTynneHIfH MYKH 3aBapKY rOTOBHT 1f3 nmeHH'!HO" 060RHO" MYJ<H H cono,IJ;a. .anH nplfroToBneHIiH 3aBapKH cono,IJ; H MYKY npH nepeMemlfBaHHH 3aBapHBaIoT BO,IJ;OH, HMelOlIJ;eH TeMTIepaTYPY 95-97° C. PeKOMeH,IJ;yeTcH qaCTb MYJ<H, u.nylIJ;eH Ha rrplfrOTOBneHHe 3aBapKH (5-10%) ,IJ;JIH n}"IlIIero ocaxapHBaHHH KpaXMana BHOCIfTb B 3aBapKY B KOH- ° u;e ee nplfTOTOBJIeHIDI npH TeMnepaType 63-65 C. TIplfroToBneHHe 3aBapKIf MO)!(HO oCYlIJ;eCTBnHTb B 3aBapO'IHOM MaurnHe X32M..300 H3 CMeCIf MYKH, ConO,IJ;a If BO,IJ;bl nporpeBaHHeM napoM B TeqeHHe 30-40 MIDI ,IJ;O TeMnepaTypbI +65° C C noene,IJ;YIOlIJ;HM ocaxapHBaHHeM 90-120 MIfH. Xne6 lllIIeJIHIIHo-p)f(8HoA npoCToH Xne6 nmeHIf'lHO-p)KaHOH npocToR BbIpa6aTblBalOT cl>opMOBbIM H no,IJ;O- BbIM, BeCOBbIM H mT}"IHbIM H3 MYKH lIIlIeHIf'lHOH 060"HOH H P)f(aHOH 060H- HOH B COOTHomeHHH 70 H 30, nonyqaeMblX B rOToBoH CMeCH HJ1H pa3neJIbHo. 146 141 
fIpOP:OJDKHTenbHOCTb paccToHKH 35-58 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbl TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H ycnoBHH paccToMKH. fIpOAOn>KllTenbHOcTb Bbme'lKH XJIe6a MaCCOM 0,75 Kr 50-60 MHH H Mac- COM 1,0 Kr 55-70 MHH B YBna)l(HeHHoM ne'lHOM KaMepe npH TeMnepaType 200-260°C B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT KOHCTPYKTHBHbIX oco6eHHocTeH ne<rn H ycno- Blm: ee 3KcnnyaTaIUill. Xne6 nepep: BbleMKoM H3 ne'lH peKoMeHp:yeTcJI onpbICKHBaTb BOAOH. Macca xrre6a nOAOBoro H opMoBoro BeCOBoro He 60nee 2,0 Kr, IIOP:OBO- ro H opMoBoro lUTY'llioro 0,75-1,45 Kr. fIOAOBbIM XJIe6 HMeeT Kpyrnyro Hnl1 fIpl:IMepHbIe pa3Mepbl nOcnCJ],Hero MaCCOM 12-17cM. TecTo rOTOBJlT C npHMeHeIDIeM 3aKBaCOK rYCTOM, )l(H,I:J;KOM 6e3 3aBapKH HnH C 3aBapKoM (Ta6n. 65). fOToBoe TeCTO pa3AenbIBaIOT, xJ1e6a YKnap:bIBaIOT B OpMbI, p:nn npop:onrOBaTO-OBanbHbIC KacceTbl, nOCbIIlaI-lHbIe MYKOH. npop:onrOBaTO-OBaJIbHYIO OPMY 1,0 Kr: p:JIHHa 27-33 CM, lUHpHHa TCCTOBblC 3arOTOBKH P:J1J1 OPMOBOro nOAOBoro YKnap:bIBaIOT B Kpyrnble HnH nOKpblTble TKaHbIO, HJ1H Ha P:OCKH, Xne6 nwelDf1IHo-p)l(3lloii 33.BapHOii Xnc6 IIlUeHH'lHO-p)l(aHOM 3aBapHOH BbIpa6aTbmaIOT OpMOBbIM IIIT}"lHbIM MaCCOM 0,73-1,0 Kr C Hcnonb30BaHHeM p)l(aHoro epMeHTHpoBaHHoro cono- Aa H MYKH nIlleHH'lHOM 060MHOM H P)l(aHOH 060MHOM, nonY'laeMhIX B rOTOBoH CMeCH HnH pa3p:enbHo. TecTo rOTOBJlT Ha rycToH 3aKBaCKe (Ta6n. 66). MO)l(HO npHrOTOBHTb TeCTO Ha >Kll,IJ,KOH 3aKBaCKe C 3aBapKOM HJIlI 6e3 3aBapKH B TPH CTap:HH (3aBapKa, 3aKBaCKa, TecTO). fIpH pa3AcnbHOM nOCTynnemlli MYKH 3aBapKY rOTOBJlT H3' IIIIICHI1'I- HOM 060HHOM MYKH H conop:a nYTCM 3aBapHBaHllJl npH nepeMeIIDiBaHHH T a 6 JI II II a 65 PCI.\CIT1ypa II pC>KIIM npllrOTOBJlCHHH TeCTa MH XJlcGa nlI1CHlI'IIIO-p1KaHoro npoCToro Ha pa3HbIX 3aKBaCKax PaCXOA CblpbJI Ii nBpBMeTpbI npoLlecCB npH npMrOTOBrreHMlI TeCTa HB 3aKBBCKe HmIMCHOBaHMe CbIpbR, 1l0rrY<Pa6pm,BTOB M rYCTOH )KMAKOH )KMAKOH IIOKB3BTerren npOLlCCCB 6e3 3BBapKif C 3aBapIWH 3BKDacKaj TeCTO 3aKBaCKai TCCTO 33KBaCKal TeCTO l' a G JI H II a 66 PCl.\cnTypa II PC)I(lIM npHrOTOBnCHH5I TCCTa MH XJle6a nlI1CHH'IHO-p)l(aHoro 3aBapHoro Ha rYCTOH 38KBaCKC 3m<DaCKa, Kr 17 51 46 92 35,S 71 IYKa B 3aKBaCKe Ha TCCTO, 30 30 15 KI' MYKa nlI1eHlI'IHO-p)l(aIIM 20 70 15 70 5 85 06oilHaH, Kr 3aaapKa (1 :2,5), Kr 9 llpo)l()I(lf XJlC60nCKapHblc 0,05 0,05 0,05 rrpcccoBaHHbIc*, 1,1' COJIb nOBapCIIlIaH nHlI1CBaH, 1,5 1,5 1,5 I<r BOAa, 1<1' 14 no pac- 31 no pac- 21,5 no pac- 'ICTY 'IeTY 'ICTY BJla)l(HOCTh, % 48-50 HC 60Jlcc 69-75 HC OOJICC 79-85 HC 60Jlec WXJ1+ WXJ1+ WXJ1+ + (D,S-I,D) +(0,5-1,0) +(0,5-1,0) TeMnCpaTypa Ha'laJIblIM, 0 C 25-28 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 29-31 IIpoAon)l(lITeJlbHOCTh 6po- 180-240 60-90 180-240 60-90 180-300 90-120 >KCHlIH, MlIH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IIIaH, 13-16 8-12 10-13 8-12 10-13 8-12 rpap; HBMMCHOBBHIie CbIpbH, norrY<PB6pHKBTOB Ii nOKa3aTerreH npOLlecca 3aKBaCKa rYCTaH, Kr MYKa B 3aKBaCKC Ha TeCTO, Kr MYKa ITIllCHlI'IHO-p)l(aHlliI 060ilHaH, Kr COJloA P)l(aI!oti q,epMcHTHpOBaIIHblfi, Kr 3aaapKa ocaxapeHHM, Kr COJIb nOBapeHHaH IillUIeBaH, Kr ,npO)l()!(lI XJ1C60nCKapHbIe npCCCOBaIlHbIC*, Kr BOAa, Kr Bna)l(HOCTb, % TCMnepaTypa Ha1laIIbHaH, 0 C np0P;OJI)!(lITCJILHOCTb ocaxapllBaI!IUI, MlIH npo,o;on)!(llTeJlbIIOCTb 6pO)l(eHIIJI, MIIH KHCJIOTHOCTb KOHC'lHM, rpa,I\ .. BHOCHT npll OCBC)I(CHlilI 3aKBaCKlI cnoHTBHHoro 6po)l(cHliJI. · BHOC5IT npll OCBe)l(eHl!lI 3aKBaCKYI CnOHTlHHoro 6po)l(eHlIJi. '" PacxoJ:\ CblpbJI Ii nBpBMeTpbl npOl.\eccB 38KB8C!(8 TeCTO 11 43 25 60 19 10 5 53 1,5 0,05 13 48-50 38 74-76 no paC'ICTY HC 60JICC WXJI+ + (D,S-I,D) 28-30 25-28 63-68 90-120 240-300 13-16 60-90 8-12 
BOP:OH C TeMnepaTypoH 95-97° C lUlH nyreM nporpeBaHIlH rrapoM B Te'leHl1e 30-40 MIlH p:o TeMrrepaTypbI 65° C. PeKoMeHp:yeTCJI qaCTb MYK", IfP:Yll.\eH Ha nplfroToBnelllie 3aBapKH (5-10%) ]J,JIH n}"lIllero ocaxapHBaHIfH KpaxMana BHOCIfTb B 3aBapKY B KOH- ne ee npnrOTOBneHIfH rrpH TeMnepaType 65°C. OcaxapeHHYIO 3aBapKY oxna)l(p:aIOT p:o 32_34° C If pacxoP:YIOT Ha 3aMec TeCTa, KOTopoe BbI6pIDKlfBaIOT p:o KlfcnOTHOCTIf 8-12 rpa,n,. fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3p:enbIBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH YKnaP:bIBaIOT B <pOpMbI H HanpaBnHIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. ITpOP:on)l(IfTenbHOCTb pacCToHKIf 40-60 MIfH B 3aBlfCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H ycnoBIfH paccToHKIf. ITpop:omKlfTenbHOCTb BbmeqKIf xne6a MaccoH 0,73 Kr 55-65 MIfH, Mac- COH 1,0 Kr 60-70 MID! rrplf TeMrrepaType 190- 240° C B 3aBHCHMOCTIf OT MapKIf ne'IH If ycnoBIfH ee 3KcIUIyaTaIUfIf. Xne6 npH BbIeMKe 1f3 ne'IH peKoMeHp:yeTCJI orrpbICKIfBaTb BOP:OH. Ta6J1l1ua 67 PCl\CnTypa H peH(I[M npllroToBncHHH TCCTa .D.JIJI XJlcGa p>KaIlOI'O 06j:(lIpHOro Ha rycToH 3almaCKC 3aKBaCI<3 ryCTaJI, 1<1' 19 57 32 76,S MYKa B 3aKDaCKC Ha TCCTO, Kr 33 45 MYKa p>KaIIaJI 06P.l1PHaJI, Kr 22 67 27 55 llpo)l()I(l! XJ1e60nCKapHbIc npeCCOBaH- 0,1 0,1 IIblC, 1<1''' COJIb nODapeHHaJI ITHxueBM, Kr 1,5 1,5 BOAa, Kr 16 no paCqeTY 20 no paCqeTY Bna)l(HOCTh, % 48-50 He 60Jlee 48-50 He Gonee W XJI + W XJI + + (0,5-1,0) +(0,5-1,0) TCMnCpaTypa Ha'llliIbHaJI, "C 25-28 28-30 25-28 28-30 npOnOmKJlTeJlbHOCTh 6PO)l(CHIIJI, MHH 180-240 75-100 150-210 40-60 KlI,CJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaJI, rpaJJ; 12-14 .9-13 11-14 9-13 · BHocHT npll OCBe)l(eHIIll 3aKBaCI<1I CnOHTaIlHoro 6p0)l(cHlIJI. HalfMCHOB3Hlte CbJpbH J llony4>a6pliK3TOB Ii 1l0Ka38Tcneii Ilpouecca Xne6 p)I(8Hoii H3 06AHPHOii MYI<H Xne6 P)I(aHOH 1f3 06IJ,HpHOH MYKIf BbIpa6aTbIBaJOT <pOpMOBbIM H rro- P:OBbIM, BeCOBbIM If IllT}"IHbIM. Macca xne6a nop:OBoro If <popMOBoro Beco- BOro He 60nee 2,0 Kr, nop:OBoro If <pOpMoBOro IllT}"nIoro 0,75-1,45 Kr. ITOP:OBbIH xne6 If MeeT npop:onrOBaTO-OBanbHYIO IfJm KpyrnyIO <pop- MY. ITplfMepHbIC pa3Mepbl Kpyrnoro xne6a MaccoH 0,93 Kr: IJ,HaMeTp 17-19,5 CM, BblCOTa 7,0-8,5 CM. TecTO MO)l(HO rOTOBIfTb Ha rycTOH (Ta6n. 67) Ifnlf )l(1fP:KOH 3aKBaCKax (Ta6n. 68). ITpH pa60Te B 1-2 CMeHbl I1mf C nepepblBaMH no p:HHM Hep:enlf TeCTO MO>KHO nplfrOTOBmITb Ha KMK3 C p:06aBneHlfeM nplf 3aMece TeCTa npeccoBaHHblx (0,5-0,7%) IfJIH )I(}Ip:KIfX p:p0)l()KeH (10% B nepec'leTe Ha MYKY) K o6ll.\efj Macce MYKIf Ha TecTO. fO-;OBoe TeCTO pa3p:enblBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKIf ]J,JIH <popMOBoro xne6a YKl1ap:bIBaIOT B <pOpMbl, ]J,JIH rrop:OBoro - B Kpyrnble KaCCeTbI, rrOKpbI' TbIe TKalIblO, Hl1l1 Ha P:OCKH, nOCbIIlaHHbIe MYKOH, H HarrpaBnHIOT Ha pac- CTOllKY. ITpOP:omKI1TenbHOCTb paccToMKH 35-55 MIfH B 3aBHCl1MOCTIf OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK If ycnoBHH paccTollKIf. ITpanomKHTenbHocTb BbIIleqKH <popMoBoro xne6a MaCCOH 0,83 Kr 35-55 MInI, nop:oBoro 35-50 MID!, MaccoH 1,0 Kr 35-60 MIfH rrpH TCMne- paType 200-260°C B 3aBHCltMOCTI1 OT MapKH ne'llf H ycnoBI1H ee 3Kcn- nyaTaru!l1. PaCXO)]; CblpMI Ii napaMCTpbI npoueCC8 npn BlIecennn B TCCTO MYKlf C 38KBaCKoii, % 33 45 381(B3Cl<a! TeCTO 33KB8CKai TeCTO T a 6 JI II U a 68 PcqcnTypa H pe>KHM npHroToBncHIIH TCCTa AM XJlc6a P)l(JlJforo 06pHOI'O Ha KIIX 3aKB3CKax HallMeHOBaHlIe CbIpbH, nony4>a6pllKaToB II nOKa3aTeJIeii npouecca 3aKBaCI<a )!(H,o;KaJI, Kr MYKa B 3aKBacI<c Ha TeCTo, KI' MYKa P)l(aHaJI 06AHPHIIJI, Kr 3aaapKa, Kr ,[{P0)l()!(lI XJle60neKapHbIe npeCCOBaII- Hble, 1<1' Conb nOBapCIfiIIIJI IIIIWeJllUI, 1<1' Bona, Kr 150 PaCXO)]; CbIpbH H napaMcTpbI npouecca npnrOTOBJIeHlIJi TeCTa Ha 33KBaCKe )KHAKoii 6e3 3aB8pKlI )KRAKOR C 33BapKOR 38KBaCKai TeCTO 3aKBaCKai TeCTO 38 76 25 75 35,S 71 15 85 13 5 9 0,1 0,1 25 1,5 no paC'leTY 21,S 1,5 no pac1IeTy 151 
npOIJ.OJl)l(eHlIC Ta6J1. 68 l' 3 6 n H 11 a 69 HaUI\1CHOB8HHe CbIpb.H, norry<pa6pHKBTOB II nOKB3BTerreH np OIeCCB PBCXOP; CbIpbJ! H napBMeTpbI npoecca npHI'OTOBrreHHH TeCTa HB 38KBBCKe PCI.\CITTypa H pC2KHM npllI'OTOBnCHHJI TCCTa 'AM XJIc6a YKpallHCKOI'O Ha ryCTOH H )l(HJ\KHX 33KBacKax 3aKBaCKai TeCTO 38KB8CI<Sl TeCTO PBCXOn CbIpbJl H napaMeTpbI npoeCC8 npllI'OTOBrreHHH TeCTa Ha 3aKBaCKe HaHMeHOBBHHe CbIpbJ!, nOJIy<pa6pllKaTOB H I'YCTOH xmp;KOH )KR):!,KOH nOKa3aTenCH npoccca 6e3 38BapKH C 38BapKOH 3aKBaCKai TeCTO 3aKBaCKai TeCTO 33KB8CK81 TeCTO "mAKOH 6e3 38BapKH )KHnKOH C 3BBBpKOH BJla)l(HOCTb, % 69-75 lie 60Jlec 79-85 He 60Jlee W xn + W xrr + + (0,5-1,0) +(0,5-1,0) TeMnepaTypa Ha'laJIbHaJI, 0 C 28-30 29-31 31-33 29-31 npOIJ.OJl)!(llTCJIbHOCT!. 6po)l(eHlIH, MIIH 180-240 90-120 180-300 120-180 KlICJ!OTHOCTb KOHC'IHWI, rpa,I\ 9-12 9-13 9-12 9-13 Xne6 YKpaHHCKHH 3aKBaCKa, Kr 19 57 30,5 61 35,5 71 MYKa B 3aKBaCKC Ha TCCTO, 33 20 15 Kr MYKa P)l(aHM 0611HpHWI, * 22 47 10 40 5 45 Kr MYKa nlI1CHlI'IHWI 060fi- 20 40 . 40 HWl*,Kr 3aB3pKa (1:2,5), Kr 9 ,[ij>o)l()I(l! XJleGoneKapHble 0,05 0,05 0,05 npeccoBaHHblc**, Kr Conb nOB8pCHHaJI ID!UICBM, 1,5 1.5 1,5 Kr BO,o;8,Kr 16 no pac- 20,5 no pac- 21,5 no pac- 'lCTY 1IeTy 1IeTY Bna)l(HoCTh, % 48-50 HC 60Jlcc 69-75 liC GOJlce 79-85 HC 60nce W xn + W xn + W xn + +(0,5-1,0) +(0,5-1,0) + (0,5-1,0) TCMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbHWI, 0 C 25-28 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 28-30 npO,o;omK!ITeJlbHOCTb 6po- 180-240 60-80 180-240 60-90 180-300 90-120 )l(CHlIJI, MHH KnCJIOTHOC'I'b KOHe'IHBJI, *** 12-14 8-12 9-12 8-12 9-12 8-12 rpa,I\ Xne6 nepep: BbIeMKoH H3 ne'!H peKoMeHp:yeTcH onpblcKHBaTh BOp:OH. Xne6 YKpaHHcKHH Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT H3 CMeCH MYKH p)KaHOH 06p:nPHOH H nIlleHH'lHOH 060HHOH nop:oBbIM H OpMOBhIM, BeCOBbIM H IllT}"IHhIM. Macca XJIe6a nop:oBro BeCOBoro He 60nee 2,0 Kr, lluY'lHOrO nop:OBO- ro H opMoBoro 0,75-1,0 Kr. . llOP:OBbIH xne6 HMeeT KpyrnyIO HnM npop:onroBaTo-oBanbHYIO OPMY, npHMepHbIe pa3MepbI nOCJ1ep:Hero MaccoH 1,0 Kr: p:.,'1HHa 26-28 CM, IllH- pHHa 13-15 CM. .D:onycKaeTCJI cnep:yIOIl!e COOTHOllleHHe P)KaHOH 06p:nPHOH H nllleHH'!- HOH 060HHOH MyKH p:JIJI nop:OBoro TeCTa: 80:20,70:30,60:40, 50:50, 40:60, 30:70,20:80; p:JIJI cPopMoBoro: 80:20,70:30,60:40,50:50. TecTo p:JIJI YKpaHHcKoro XJIe6a rO'toBJlT Ha 3aKBaCKax: rYCToii:, )KHP:KOR 6e3 3aBajJKH, >KH)J,KOM C 3aBapKOH HJIH Ha KMK3. Peu:emypa Ii pe)KHM npHrOTOBneHHJI TeCTa C COOTHOllleHHeM MYKH P)KaHOH 06p:nPHOM H nllleHH'lHOH 060HHOM 80:20 Ha rycTOH 3aKBaCKe H C COOTHOllleHHeM MYKH 60:40 Ha )!(H)J,KHX 3aKBacKax IIpep:CTaBneHhI B Ta6n. 69. * KOmI1IeCTBO BHOCHMOtt MYKII p)I(aI!Oil 0611Hplioii II mneHll'IHoil 06ofilioil Ha TeCTO 3aBlICHT OT COOTHOlI1CHII:H ec no peeITType. ** Ha )I(l!)J;Koil 38KBaCKC C 3aBapKOfi APo)l()I(lI MO)I(HO He HCnOJIb30B3'l'b. *** Mo»:CT 1I3MeH.lIThC.II B 3aBlICHMOCm OT COOTH0lI1eHIl51 MYKII p2KaIloit 0611HpHOtt II llilIClIlI'IHofi 050fiHOtt no pCl\enTYpc. . rOTOBoe TeCTO pa3nenLIBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH nIDI opMOBoro xne6a }'KJ1a,rJ;bIBaIOT B OpMbI, WU! nop:OBoro xne6a - B KpyrJIble KaCCeThI, nOKpbITbIe TKaHb!O, HJ!H Ha P:OCKH, IIOCbmaHlihle MyKOH, H HanpaBJUlIOT Ha pacCTOHKY. llpop:omklITenbHOCTb paccTOHKH 35-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCm OT MaCChI TeCTOBhIX 3arOTOBOK H ycnoBHM paCCTOHKH. llepep: nocap:KOH B ne'lL TeCTOBI>Ie 3arOTOBKH MO)!(HO HaKanbIBaTb. BHne'!KY H3p:eJ1HM npOH3BOWIT B YBna)J{JleHHOM neKapHOM KaMepe IIPH te.mepaType 200-260° C. 153 
flpop:omKHTCJJbHOCTb BbIIIC'IKH XJIc6a nOLLOBOrO MaccoM 0,83 Kr 35-45 MHH, OpMOBOrO 35-50 MHH, MaccoM 1,0 Kr nOP:OBOrO 35-55 MHH, opMoBoro 35-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT KOHCTPYKTHBHLIX oc06cHHocTcM nc'IH H YCJJOBHH cc 3KCnJJyaTaU;HH. Xne6 ncpcLL BblCMKOH H3 nc'IH pCKOMCH!JYCTCJ.I onpblCKMBaTb BOLLOH. T a 6 JI II 1.\ a 70 PCI.\CnTypa II PC)I(l!M npnrOToBncHlIR TCCTa MR xJlcGa YKpallHcKoro HOBoro Ha ryCTOH H )l(I!AKOH 3aKBaCKax Xnc6 YKpaHHCKuH HOBblH Pacxon CbIpbJI H nap8MeTpbI npOl.!eCC8 npHrOTOBrreHWI TeCTa H8 38KBaCKe H8Hl\feH0138Hlle CbIpbJl, norry.p86pHKaTOB Ii rYCTOll "'HAKOll "'HAKOll nOK83aTerrell npOl.!eCca 6e3 38BapKH C 3aB8pKoii 381<B8CKSI TeCTO 38KB aCK8' TeCTO 38KB8CKSI TeCTO Xnc6 YKpaHHCKHH HOBblH Bblpa6aThIBaIOT H3 CMCCH MYKM p)l(aHOH 06- AHPHoii II nrnCHH'lliOH BToporo copTa nOLLOBb!M If opMoBbrM, IIITY'IHbIM MaCCOM 0,70-1,25 KL flO)]:OBbIH XJIc6 HMCCT KpyrrryIO MJJH npop:OJJrOBaTO-OBaJJbHYIO OPMY, npHMcpHLIe pa3McpbI nOCJJCLLHcro: p:mfHa 26-28 CM, lIlMpHHa 13-15 CM. .uonycKaCTCJ.I CJJCP:YIOIUce COOTHornCHHC MYKI1 p>KaHOM 06LLMpHOM H nlIlC- HH'IHOM BTOporo copTa: 80:20, 60:40, 50:50,40:40. TccTo rOTOBHT Ha 3aKBaCKax: rycTOH, )l(M,iJ,KOM 6C3 3aBapKM, )Imp:KoH C 3aBapKoH MJJH Ha KMK3. Pcu;cnTypa H PC)I(MM npMrOTOBJJCHMH TCCTa C COOTHOlIlCHMCM MYKH p)l(aHOH 06AHPHOH M nlIlCHM'IHOH BToporo copTa 60:40 Ha rycTOH 3aKBaCKC H C COOTHOrnCHMCM 80:20 Ha )l(MJJ:KMX 3aKBaCKax npcp:cTaBncHbl B Ta6n. 70; C COOTHOrneHMCM 60:40 Ha KMK3 - B Ta6n. 71. fOToBoe TeCTO pa3p:CJJbIBaIOT, TCCTOBblC 3arOTOBKH }J,JIH opMOBoro XJIc6a YKJJa,!J;bIBaIOT B OpMbl, }J,JIH nop:OBoro - B KpyrJJblC KaCCCTbI, no- KpbITbIC TKaHbIO, HJ1M Ha LLOCKM, nOCbmaHHbIC MYKOH, M HanpaBJJHIOT Ha pac- CTOMKY. flpop:on)l(MTCJJbHOCTb pacCToHKM 35-50 MMH }J,JIH M3LLCJJIfM MaccOM 0,8 Kr M 40-60 MHH p:JJH M3LLeJJHH MaCCOH 1,0 Kr. BbIIIC'IKY npOM3BOLLJ.lT B }'BJJa)l(HCHHOH nCKapHoH KaMcpc npM TCMnc- paTYpc 200-240° C. flpOLLOJJ)I(MTCJJbHOCTb BbmC'IKM 35-45 MHH, opMoBoro 35-50 MHH; OpMOBOrO 40-60 MMH. xJJc6a MaCCOH 0,8 Kr nop:OBoro MaCCOH 1,0 Kr nop:OBoro 40-55 MMH, 3aKlIaCKa, !{r 19 57 38 76 35,5 71 MYKa B 3aI(BaCKC Ha TecTO, 33 25 15 Kr MYKa P)l(aHa5I 06AHpHaJI*, 22 27 13 55 S 65 1(1' MYI(a nUlCHlI'IHM XJlc60- 40 20 20 neKapHM BTOpOro copTa, Kr* 3aaapKa (1 :2,5) , !{r 9 .uP0)l()I(l! XJ1cGoncKapHbie D,S 0,5 0,5 IIpCCCOBaIlilbIC, !{r Conb nOBapeHHa5I InUUC- 1.5 1.5 1,5 Ba5I, 1(1' Boga, Kr 16 no pac. 25 no pac- 21,S no pac- 1ICTY 1ICTY 'leTY BJla)l(HOCTI., % 48-50 lie 60Jlce 69-75 He 60Jlce 79-85 HC 60Jlec WXJ1+ W xn + W xn + + (0,5 -1,0) + (D,S-I,D) :J- (D,S-I,D) TCMncpaTypa lIa'1aJlblla5I, 25-28 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 28-30 °c npOAOJlJfCIfTCJl.bHOCTb 6po- 180-240 60-90 18D-240 60-90 IBO-300 90-120 )l(eH!UI, Mi!!l KIICJlOTHOCTb KOr:CtUlBJI, 12-14 7-11 9-12 8-12 9-12 8-12 rpJ,1:\** * KOITJo!'ICCTBO BHOCHMOll MYKJI p)l(aHoil 06AHPHOfi II mncH!I'IHofi II copTa npll 3aMCCC TCCTa 3;:mIC!:!T OT npHWlTOro COOTHOlI1CRJUI no perrenTYpc ** MO:-KCT Jii3MeIl:IfbCJI B 3aBlIC!IMOCTH OT COOTHOlI1eHlIH MYKII p)l(aHoil 06nnpHoil II nlI1CIHi'IHofi II copTa. 154 155 
Ta6nllua 71 Ta6J1IIua 72 Pcucmypa H pe)!(llM npllrOTOBnCHIUI TCCTa AM XJlc6a YKpallHCKOrO HOBOro Ha KMK3 PcucnTypa H PC)KHM npllroToBncHlIfl TCCTa )1JIH XJlc6a OpJlOBCKOro Ha rYCTOH II )l(lIp;Knx 3aKBaCKax BABe CTannn KMK3 I TeCTO B TP II CTannll KMK3 I onapa I TeCTO PaCXOA CbIpMI n napaMeTpbI npoecca HamvleHOBaHne CbIpbJl, npnrOTOBrreHllJl TeCTa Ha 3aKBaCKax norry<pa6pm<aTOB n rYCTOR )KnAKOR iKHAI<OH TIOI<a3aTerreH npoLleCC8 6e3 3aBapI<n C 3aBapI<OH 38KBaCKai TeCTO 381<B8CKai TeCTO 3aKB8CI(af TeCTO HallMeHOBaIille CblpbJl, norryl»a6pllKaTOB II nOKa3aTeneiI npoecca PacxoA CbIpbH II napaMCTpbI npoecca npllrOTOBneHllR TeCTa KMK3, Kr 3 29 1,5 14,5 MYKa B KMK3 Ha TCCTO 1IJ111 10 5 onapy, Kr MYKa p)l(aHa5I 06AlipHa5I, Kr* 9 50 4,5 55 MYKa IIDICIIlI'IHa5I XJlcGoncKap- 40 40 Jia5I BTOpOX:<> copTa, Kr* Onapa, Kr BCH nrO)l()I(lI XJleGoneKapJibIC npcc- 0,5-0,7 0,5 -0,6 CQBaHJibIe, Kr** Coro. nOBapeHHa5I ITHIaeBa5I, Kr 1,5 1,5 BOlla, Kr 17 no pac1IeTY 8,5 52 no paC'ICTY Bna)!(llOCTb, % 69-71 He 60nee 69- 71 59 -61 He GOJlee WXJ'I+ WXJ'I+ + (0,5-1,0) + (0,5-1,0) TeMnepaTypa Ha1laJ1bHaJ!, 0 C 38-41 30-32 38-41 28-30 29-31 npOAOmKIITCJlbHOCTb 6po)l(e- 480-720 120-180 480-720150-180 60-90 HKR,MIIH KHcJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHM, rpaA 18-22 8-11 18-22 8-10 8-11 Xne6 opnoBCKmt 3aKBaCKa, Kr 17 51 38 76 35,S 71 MYI<a B 3aKBaCKC Ha 30 25 15 TCCTO, Kr MYKa p)l(amlJI 06AliP- 20 40 13 45 5 55 HaJJ, Kr  MYKa nllICIIH'lHa51 XJlC- 30 30 30 60nCKapHa5I BToporo copTa, Kr 3aBapKa, Kr 9 .IIPO)l()I(H XIIe60ncKap- 0,1 0,1 0,1 HbIC npcccoBaHHbIe, Kr* COJIb nOB apCIIHa5I IIHXUC- 1,5 1,5 1,5 BWI, Kr naToKa, Kr 6 6 6 Bona, Kr 14 no pac- 25 no pae- 21,S ITO pac- 'IeTY 'leTY '!Cry BJla)l(HocTb, % 48-50 He 60Jlcc 69- 75 He 60nec 79 -85 lIe GOJIce W xrr + W xrr + \V xn + TCMnepaTypa Ha'laJ1bHM + (0,5-1,0) + (0,5-1,0) + (0,5 -1,0) °c ' 25-28 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 29 u 31 nP0J;\OlI)I(l!TeJlbHOCTb Bpo- 180-240 60-90 180-240 60-90 180-300 90--120 )l(CHlIH,MIIH KHCJlOTHOCTb KOlle'IHa5I, 12-14 8-11 9-12 8-11 9-12 8-11 rpap; * BROCHT npn OCBC)I(cmm rycToil 3aKBaCKYI CIIOHTaIIHOro 6P0)l(CHlIH. * I13MeHHeTc5I B 3aBHCHMOCTII o;r COOTROlI1eHHJ! P)l(aHoi! II nIllellll'IHofi MYKlI no pe- l\enTVpe. ** .llolIycKaeTcH npllMCHJITb )!(lIAKYlC I1P0)I()I(H (10% MYKOn) , npll 3TOM C KMK3 BROCHT He 10%, a 5% MfKYI B TeCTO, Xne6 nepeA BbIeMKoH R3 ne<rn peKOMeHA)'eTCH OnpbICKRBaTb BOAOH. Xne6 opnOBCKHH BbIpa6aTbIBalOT R3 CMeCR MYKR p)\(aHOH 06IJ.HpHOH R mueIDI'lHOH BTOpOrO COpTa nOAOBbIM R qmpMOBbIM lllT}"llIbIM MaCCOH 0,7-1,0 Kr. IToAOBbIH XJIe6 HMeeT npOAonrOBaTO-OBaJIbH)'1O MlIR KpyrnylO cl>OPMY. TeCTO rOTOBstT En 3aKB!!.CKax: rYCTon, }KHLI}:';] 00:3 33F3PKR, )!Gm.KO!f C 38BapKOH (1a('11 ';". ',.., ,:a K1\-HC' (-ra;:;'I. "7 -; 
'1' a 6 JI II U a 73 xne6noAMoCKOBHL PeltCnTypa H pCJKIIM npHrOTOBnCHHH TeCTa P;JlH xne6a OpJlOBCKOrO Ha KMK3 KMK3 I onapa I TeCTO Xne6 nOp;MOCKOBHbIH BbIpa6aTbIBalOT H3 CMeCH MYKH P)l(aHOH o6P.Hp- HOH H mUeHH'IHOH BTOpOrO copTa cl>OpMOBbIM MaccoM 0,75-1,0 Kr. TecTo rOTOBHT Ha 3aKBaCKax rycToH, )l(Hp;KOH 6e3 3aBapKH, C 3aBap- KOH (Ta6n.74) Hml Ha KMK3 (Ta6n. 75). rOToBoe TeCTO pa3p;enbIBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3aroTOBKH YKna.zu,IBaIOT B cl>op- MbI H HanpaBnHIOT Ha paCCToHKY. ITpop;On)l(HTerrbHOCTb paccToHKH 40-55 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H ycrroBHH paccToHKH. HaHMeHOBaHHe CbIpbH, nony<pa6pHKaTOB H nOKa3aTenen npOl\ecca Pacxog CbIpb>! H napaMeTpbI npOl\ecca npllrOTOBneHH>! TeCTa B gBe CTa,[\HH KMK3 I TeCTO B TPII CTagHH KMK3, Kr 3 29 1,5 14,5 MYKa IJ KMK3 Ha TCCTo lInll 10 5 onapy. Kr 10 MYKa P)l(aHM 0611HpHaJI, Kr 9 60 4,5 55 MYKa nlliCHlI'IHaJI XJleOOneKap- 30 30 HaJI BTOporo cOpTa, Kr BCR Ollapa, Kr .uP0)l()I(If XJle60nCKapHble 0,6-0,7 0,5 -0,6 npCCCOBaHHbIe, Kr* 1,5 COJIb nOBapCHHaJI IIHmeBM, Kr 1,5 6 6 naTOI<a, Kr 17 no pac'IeTY 8,5 52 no paC'leTY BOAa, Kr Bna)l(HOCTh, % 69-71 HC GoJlec 69-71 59-61 He 60nec W xn + W xn + +(0,5-1,0) + (0,5-1,0) TCMncpaTypa Ha'IBJIbHaJI, ° C 38-41 30-32 38-41 28-30 29-31 npOP;On)l(HTCnbIIOCTb 6po)l(e- 480-720 120-180 480-720150-180 60-90 HlIH,MlIH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaJI, rpa,I\ 18-22 8-11 18-22 8-10 8-11 l' a 6 n II It a 74 PCJ.{enTYpa H peJKIIM npHroToBneHHR 1'CCT8 IJ,JJJI xJle6a nop;MOCKOBHoro Ha rYCToH H )l(lfAKHX 3aKB8CKaX Pacxon CbIpbJlll n8paMeTpbI npOlteCC8 !lpHrOTOBnCHlIJI TeCTa H8 38KB8CKe HaHMeHO8HlIe CbIpb>!, nonyl»a6pHK8TOB II rYCTOn )KlIOH )KHgI(OH nOKa3aTeneH npocca 6e3 3aBapKlI C 38BapKOH 38KB8CXS! TeCTO 38KBaCK a l TeCTO 38KB8CK a i TeCTO . * .uonYCI<aeTCH npllMCHJlTb )I(lfj1KlIe I1Po)I()I(H (l0% MYKOil). npH 3TOM C KMK3 BHO- CHT He 10%, a 5% MYKYI B TCCTO. 3aKBaCKa, Kr 19 57 38 76 35,5 71 MYKa B 3aKBaCKe HR TCCTO, 33 25 15 Kr MYKa P)l(aHaJI 0611HPHaJI, Kr 22 37 13 45 5 55 MYKa mnCHlI'IHM XJlc6one- 30 30 30 I<apHaJI BToporo cbpTa, Kr 3aBapI<a (l :2,5), Kr 9 JJ:pO)l()I(If XJlC60nCKapHbIe 0,1 0,1 0,1 npcccoBaHHblc, Kr* COJIb nOBapCHHaJI IIHmeBaJI, 1,5 1,5 1,5 Kr Caxap-cblpeU, Kr 3 3 3 Bop;a, I<r 16 no pac- 25 no pac- 21,5 no pac- 1IeTY 'ICTY 'IeTY BJla»:HocTb, % 48-50 He GOJlCC 69-75 He GOJlec 79-85 HC 60Jlcc W xn + WXJI+ W xn + +(0,5-1,0) +(0,5-1,0) + (0,5-1,0) TeMnepaTypa H8'IBJIbIIaJI, 25-28 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 28-30 °c np0P;On)!(llTCnbHOCTb 6po. 180-240 60-90 180-240 70-90 180-300 90-120 )l(eHllH, MIlH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'lHaJI, 12-14 8-11 9-12 8-11 9-12 8-11 rpa,I\ " BnocHT H,m OCBen<eHlm rycrott 3aKBaCKYI CnOHTaHHOro 6pO)l(CHlIJI. 159 fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3p;enbIBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH }J,JIH cl>opMoBoro xrre6a YKJHI,!J;bIBaIOT B cl>OpMbI, p;mI nop;OBoro - B KpyrITbIe KacceTbI, nOKpbl- TbIe TKaHblO, IDIH Ha P;OCKH, nOCbmaHHbIe MYKOM, H HanpaBnHIOT Ha pac- CTOHKY. flpOP;On)l(HTenbHOCTb paccTOHKH 40-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H ycnoBHH paccToHKH. Bbme'lKY xne6a n.r0H3BoWlT B YBna)l(HeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe npH TeMnepaType 200-240 C B Te'leHHe 40-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI H3P;eITHH, KOHCTpYKTHBHbIX oco6eHHocTeH ne<rn H ycnoBHH ee 3Kcn- nyaTaHH. Xne6 nepep; .weNKoii 113 ne1Ul peKoMeHn}'eTCJI onpbICKHBaT BOP;OM. 158 
PcucnTypa H pC>KHM npHrOTOBnCHHH TCCTa WlH XJJcGa nop;MOCKOBHoro Ha KMK3 TaG JI II U a 75 TaG n II U a 76 H8HMCHOB8IIl1C CbIPbH. nony<l>86pHK8TOB II nOKa38TcncH npOUCCC8 P8CXOA CbIpb" Ii n8paMCTpbl npOUCCC8 npm'OTOBnCIIlIH TCCT8 Pc!.\cIITYpa H PC)KHM npllrOTOBJlCHHH TCCTa AJI5I xJ!eua CTOJlOBOrO Ha rYCToii H )l(UP;KlIX 3aKBaCKax B ABC CT8AlfH KMK3 I TCCTO B TPII CT8AIiH KMK3 I onapa I TCCTO PaCXOA CblpbH Ii n8paMCTpbl npouccca npurOTOBneHHH TeCTa Ha 33KBaCKe HaHf\teHOB8.HHe CbIPLH. cony.p86pm<aTOB Ii rYCTOH >KU.rr,KOH >KIiAKOH nOK833TcrrCH npOUCCC8 6C3 38B8PKH C 3aBaplCOH 3aI.(E3CKa! TeCTO 3aKB8CKai TeCTO 138KBaCK81 TeCTO KMK3, Kr 3 29 1,5 14,5 MYKa B KMK3 Ha TCCTO lIJ1H 10 5 onapy, Kf 55 10 MYKa p)l(aHa5I 06A11pHa5I, Kf 9 60 4,5 MYKa n!I1CHH'IHa5I XJlc60nc- 30 30 KapHM BToporo COpTa, Kf Onapa, Kf BCH LtpO)l()I(If XIIc60ncKapHblc 0.7 0,6 npeccoBaHHbIe, Kr* 1,5 Conb nOBapCHHa5I ITHlltCBa5I, 1.5 Kr Caxap-cblpeu, Kf 3 3 Bona, Kf 17 no pac'ICTY 8,5 59 no paC'ICTY Bna)l(HocTb, % 69-71 He 60Jlee 69-71 59-61 He Gonce W xn + W xn + + (0.5-1.0) +(0.5-1,0) TeMncpaTYpa Ha'laJIbHM, 0 C 38-41 30-32 38-41 28-30 29-31 np0)10Jl>KHTCJlLHOCTb Gpo)l(e- 480-720 120-180 480-720150-180 60-90 HIIH, MlIH KHCnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM. rpa,o; 18-22 8-11 18 -22 8-10 8-11 Xne6 CTonoBbdt 3al<BaCKa, Kr 19 57 38 76 35,5 71 MYI<a B 3al<BaCKC Ha TCCTO, 33 25 15 Kr MYKa P)l(8HaH 06A11PHaH, 22 17 13 25 5 35 Kf My:<a nillCHlI'IHaH XIIc6o- 50 50 50 nCKapHM BToporo copTa, "I' Conb nOBapCHHM nHlltC- 1,5 1,5 1,5 BaH, I<.r 3 Caxap-nccoK, Kf 3 3 LtpO)l()!(lf XIIcGoncKapllblc 0,5 0,5 0,5 npCCCOBaHHble, Kr 9 3aaapl,;a (1 :2,5), Kr Bona, Kr 16 no pac- 25 no pac- 21,5 no pac- 'IeTY 'ICTY 'lCTY BJla)l(HOCTb, % 48-50 HC 60Jlce 69-75 HC Gonce 79- 85 IIC 60:1 c W xn + W xn + \Vxn+ (0,5- 1,0) (0,5- 1,0) (0,5-1,0) Tcr-mepaTypa Hat!aJIbllaH, 25 - 28 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 29-31 'c Ilpo;:\OnX(l!TCJlbHOCTb Gpo- 180-240 60-90 180-240 60-90 180-300 90-120 )KCHUH, MHH 8-11 8-11 KiiCJlOTHOCTb KoHe'lHM, 12-14 9-12 8-11 9-12 rpan. TaGJlHua 77 PCIjCnTypa H pCJIGIM npllrOTOBJICHIiH TCCTa AJ!H xJle6a CT0J10BOro lIa KMK3 * D.onYCKaeTCJI npllMeHHTb >I<Ii)1l<lIC p;pO)fOKlf (10% MYKOn) . npll 3TOM C KMK3 BHOCHT He 10%. a 5% MYKYI B TeCTO. BbI:IetlKY xne6a npOH3BOJJJlT npH 200-240°C. IIponomKlfTenbIiOcTI> BbmetlKH 55-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI xne6a, KOHCTPYKTHBHbIX oco6eHHocTeif ne'IH H ycnoBHH ee 3KcIUlyaTaI.UiH. IIpll BbIeMKe H3 ne'IH xne6 peKOMeHJJ:yeTcH onpbIcKHBaTb BOnOH. Xne6 CTonOBbIH BbIpa6aTbIBalOT 113 CMeCH MYKH p)f(aHOH 06JJ.HPHOii 11: mneHII'lHoii BTOpOro copTa nonOBbIM H 4>OpMOBbIM IIITY'IHbIM Maccoii 0,7-1,0 Kr. IIpHMepHbIe pa3MepbI Kpyrnoro nonOBOro xne6a Maccoii 0,93 Kr: n1l:aMeTp 20-22 CM, BbICOTa 7-9 CM. TecTo rOTOBHT Ha 3RKBaCKax: rYCToH, >KIInKoii 6e3 3aBapKH, C 3aBap- KOH (Ta6n. 76) IIJIH Ha KMK3 (Ta6n. 77). PacxoA CbIP"" Ii napaMCTpbI npouccca rrpUrOTOB:ICHUn TCCTa Hal-!1\fCHOnaHHe ChlpbH, norry'pa6pHKaTOB Ii BABe CTa.r..UH B TPIl CT3;J,lUI nOK838TeneH npOltCCC8 KMK3 I KMK3 I on8pa I TeCTO TeCTO KMK3, j(r MYKa B KMK3 na TCCTO UJlII onapy, Kr 3 29 10 1.5 14,5 5 160 161 6 3aK. 1116 
npOnon)l(eHJ{e Ta6J1. 77 l' a 6 n H [( a 78 HaHMeHOB3HMC C:bJpI>H, nOJIyma6pHKaToB H nOKa38Tcneii npoeCC8 P8CXOn CblphH H nap8MeTpbI npOneCC8 npnrOTOBneHHH TeCTa PC[(CDTYpa It peHCHM npHrOTOBJICHHJI TCCTa AJUI XJlc6a cnaBHHCKoro Ha ryCTOH H )!(lIAKOH 3aKBaCKaX S se cra.IJ;HlI KMK3 I TeCTO B TPH CT8.IJ;HiI KMK3 f onap8 .1 TeCTO PaCXOn CbIphH II n8p8MeTp&I nponecca npHrOTOSneHlIJI TeCTa Ha 3aKS8CKe HaHMeHOS8HHe C&IpbJl, nonyc!>a6pHK8TOB II rYCTOH )KHnKOii )KMAKOH nOK83aTeneH npouecca 6e3 38S8pKlI C 38S8pKO.I 38KS8CK81 TeCTO 3aKS8CK8/ TeCTO 38KBaCKai TeCTO MYKa P)l(aHM 06AHPHWI, Kr 9 40 4,5 45 MYKa n!I1CIIlI'IH8f1 JGIe60rrcKap- 50 50 HWI BToporo copTa, r Onapa, Kr BCR ,UpO)l()I(l! XJ1e60neKapHbIe 0,5-0,7 111,5--0,6 npeCCOBaHHbIe", Kr Conb nOBapeHHWI ITlIll(eBaII, Kr 1,5 1,5 Caxap-nccoK, Kr 3,0 3,0 Bona, Kr 17 no pac'IeTY 8.5 48 no pac'IeTY BnaJKHOCTh, % 69-71 He 60nec 69-71 59-61 He 60Jlee W xn + W xn + + (0,5-1,0) + (0.5-1,0) TCMnepaTypa Ha'laJIbHWI, 0 C 38-41 30-32 38-41 28-30 29-31 npOL\Om!<HTCJJbHOCTb 6po)l(c- 480- 720 120-180 480-720150-180 60-9'0 HlIH, MHH KHCJ10THOCTb KOHe'IHM, rpap; 18-22 8-10 18-22 9-10 8-11 Xne6 cmuulHcKHH 3aKBaCKa, Kr 17 51 46 92 35,S 71 MYKa B 3aKBaCKC Ha TeCTO, 30 30 IS Kr MYKa P)I(aHWI o61111PHaH, 20 15 5 15 Kr MYKa IIHleHlI'lHWI XJlc60- 70 70 70 nCKapHaII BTOpOro copTa, Kr Conb nOBapeHHWI ITlIll.\e- 2,0 2;0 2,0 BWI,Kr ,UpO)l()I(lf XJleGoneKapHbIe 0,5 0,5 0,5 npCCCOBaHHbIe, Kr" 3anap!<a (1 :2,5), Kr 9 naToKa,.Kr 2,0 2,0 2,0 BOAa, Kr 14 no pac- 31 no pac- 21,S IIO pac- 'IeTY 'ICTY 'leT}' BJla)l(HOCTb, % 48-50 HC 60nee 69-75 He 60nce 79 -85 He 60nec W xn + W xn + WXJI+ (0,5-1,0) (0,5-1,0) (0,5-1,0) TeMnepaTypa Ha'laJIbHWI, 25-28 28-30 28-30 29-31 31-33 29-31 °c npOAOl1)1(HTeJIbHOCTb 6po- 180-240 60-90 180-240 60-90 180-300 90-120 )l(eHlIH, MUH KHCnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM. 12-14 1'-10 9-12 7-10 9-12 7-10 rpap; " BHocHT npll OCBe)l(CHlIlI rycToA 3aKBCKIi CnOHTaIlHOro 6po)l(cHlIJI. 6* 163 ".IJ.onYCKaeTClI npllMCHHTh >KHp;KHe /1P0)l()I(H (10% MyI<oil), npll 3TOM C KMK3 BHOCHT HC 10%, a 5% MYKIi B TecTO. fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3nenbIBalOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH nrUI <popMOBoro xne5a YKna,LlbIBaJQT B <pOPMbI, 1J)UI nOnOBoro - B KpyrnbIe KacceTbI, nOKpbl- TbIe TKaHblO, H HanpaBIIHIOT Ha paccToiiKY. TIponOIl>KHTenbHOCTb paccToHKH 35-55 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI reCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H YCIIOBHH paCCTOHKH. TIpH nOCa)J)Ke B ne'lb TeCTOBble 3arOTOBKH peKOMeHnyeTcH HaKaJIbIBaTb H onpbIcKHBaTb BOnOH HIIH BbmeKaTb XJIe6 B YBna)f(HeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe. BbmetlKY H3nemiH npOH3BOJJ)lT npH TeMnepaType 190-250°C. TIponomKHTenbHocTb BbIIletlKH xne5a MaCCOH 0,88 Kr nOnOBoro 35-50 MIDI, <popMOBoro 48-54 MHH, MaccoH 1,0 Kr nOnOBoro 40-58 MHH, <J>opMoBcro 50-60 MIDI. Xne6 nepe;J, BbIeMKOH H3 netlH peKoMeHnyeTcH onpblCKHBaTb BOnOH. Xne6 CnaBHHCKHH BbIpa6aTbiBalOT H3 CMecH MYKH p>KaHOH 06n H pHOH' H mUellH'!HOH BToporo copTa (30:70 H 15 :85) nOnOBbIM KpyrnoH IL'IH npo- nonroBaTO-OBlI.!IbHOH: <pOpMbl H <pOpMOBbIM WTY'fiIbIM MaccoH 0,74-0,95 Kr. TecTo rOTOBHT Ha 3aKBacKax: rycToH, >KHnKOH 6e3 3a'BapKII, >I<H;::I,KOH c 3aBapKoH (Ta6n. 78) HnH Ha KMK3 (Ta6n. 79). 162 
TaG.iI II U a 79 Xne6 neKJ!eBaHHLrn "BHpy" PCItCIITypa II peJiaIM npllrOTODJlCHlISI TeCTa J];JUI XJlc6a CJlaBSIHCKOI'O Ha KM3 KMK3' TeCTO KMK3 I onapa I TeCTO XJJ:e6 IIeKneBaHHbIH "BHPY" 3aBapHOii H3 CMeCH MYKH p)f(aHoii CeHHOH, 06P;HPHOii, IIllIemi'1HOH nepBOrO copTa, HecpepMeHTllpOBaHHoro conop;a  P;OIIOJIHI1TenbHbIX BHP;OB CbIpbH BbIpa6aTbIBalOT UITyqHbIM nop;OBbIM MaCCOH 0,65-0,85 Kr KpymoH HJ1H npop;onroBaTO-OBaJ1bHOH cpOpMbI C TpeMH none- peqHbIMII HaKOJ1aMH. TIpHMepHble pa3MepbI nOCJ1ep;HerO MaCCOH 0,85 Kr: WIHHa 25-30 CM, IIIllpHHa 13-15 CM; p;HaMeTp xJ1e6a Kpyrnoii cpOpMbI 19-21 CM. HaMMenOBaHHe CbIpbJI. rrony.pa6pHK8TOB II rrOKa3aTenCH rrpouecca Pacxoj:\ CbIpbJI H rrap8MeTpbI rrpouecca npMrO'i'QBneHIUI TeCTa B }],Be CTaliM S TPH CT8j:\HH KMK3, Kr 3 29 1,5 14,5 MYKa B KMK3 Ha TeCTO 1IJ111 10 5 onapy, Kr MYKa P)l(aH3JI oGAlIpH3JI, Kr 9 20 4,5 25 MYKa nlI1eIlH'IHM XJleGone- 70 30 40 I(3PHM BToporo COpTa, Kr Onapa, Kr BCH ,IlpO)l()I(l! XJlcGoneKapHbIc 0,5-0,7 0,5-0,6 npeccoBaHHbie, Kr* Com, nOBapeHH3JI Iillll(eBM, Kr 2,0 2,0 naToKa, 1(1' 2,0 2,0 BOAa, Kr 17 no paC'IeTY 8,5 33 no paC'ICTY Brr3)1(HocTb, % 69-71 lIe GOJl ec 69-71 49-51 He GOJlee W xn + W xrr + + (0,5-1,0) + (0,5-1,0) TCMnepaTypa Ha'IaJILH3JI, 0 C 38-41 30-32 38-41 28-30 29-31 npOAOrr}KlITeJlbHOCTb 6po)l(e- 480- 720 120-180 480-720 150-180 60-90 IIIIH, MUH I<lICJIOTHOCTb KOHe'IH3JI, 18-22 7-10 18-22 8-9 7-10 rpa.TJ; T a 6 JI II U a 80 PccnTypa H PC)!(lIM npllrOTOBJlCHlIJI TCCTa AJIH XJle6a "BIIPY" Ha rycToii 3aKBaCKC PaCXOn CbIphJI II rrapaMeTpbI rrpouccca HaHMeHosaHHe CbIphJl, rronYCP86pllKaToB H rroK83aTeneH rrpoueCC8 3aKsac- 3asapKa Ka ocaxa- orrapa TeCTO peHHaf! * .uOIrjCKaCTCH npHMCIDITb )l(l!AKlIe gDO:>t(}KlI (10% MyKOn) , npn 3TOM C KMK3 BHOCHT He 10%, a 5% MyKlI B TCCTO. . 3aKBaCKa rYCT3JI, Kr 5,7 17 MYKa p)l(aHa51 06Al1pHM C 3aKBacKoil 10 B onapy, Kr 6,6 MYKa p)l(aIIafl 06AUpHM, Kr 20 45 MYKa p)l(aIIa51 CeHH3JI, Kr (B T. 'I. 3 Ha pa3Acn- KY) MYKa nlI1CHH'IHaJl XIIe60neKapHaH 20 nepBoro COpTa, Kr 5 COJloA p)l(aHoil Heq,cpMcHTHpoBaH- HbIn, Kr 60,4 3anapKa ocaXapeHH3JI, Kr Onapa, Kr BC5I D.pO)l()I(l! XIIcGOlIcKapHbie npeccoBaH- 0,5 0,5 Hble, Kr* 1,5 COJIb nOBapCHII3JI ITHll.\eBa5l, Kr naToKa, Kr 5,0 CbIBopoTKa MOnO'lHa51 H8TYPaJIbH3JI, 10 10 Kr 0,4 TMlIH, Kr BOAa, Kr 4,7 35 WlH pa3- no BCAeHHH pac'IeTY Apo )I()I(cn Bna)l(HOCTb, % 48-50 63-65 55-57 He 60ncc W xn + + (0,5-1,0) TeMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbH3JI, 0 C 25-28 63-65 30-34 29-31 npOAOJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb ocaXapllBaHlIR 360-480 II OCTbIBaHlIR, MlIH 210-240 240-300 90 npOAOJl)l(lITCJ1bHOCTb Gpo)l(CHlIH, MlIH KlIcnoTHocTb KOHe'IHM, rpaA 12-14 10-11 7,5-10,0 .. PCKoMcHAyeTcR BHOClITb B aKTlIBlIpOBaHHoM BlIne. 165 fOTonoe TeCTO pa3I1,eJ1bIBaIOT, TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKll WUI cpopMOBoro xne6a YKJ1a,z:J;bIBaIOT B cpOpMbI, J])UI nop;OBoro - B KpyrJ1ble KacceTbI, rrOKpbI- TbIe TK aHblO , liJ1If Ha P;OCKH, nOCbIIIJHHble MYKOii, H HarrpaBJ1HIOT Ha pac- CTOHKY. TIpop;omKIfTeJ1bHOCTb pacCToHKIf 40-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TCCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK If YCJ10BIfH paccToiiKH. BbIITeqKY If3p;eJ1IfH npOIl3Bop;m B YBJ1a)KHeHHOH rreKapHoH KaMepe rrpIf TeMnepaType 200-240 0 C. ITpop;ml)f(ilTeJ1bHOCTb BbIrreqKH xne6a rrop;oBoro Maccoii 0,95 Kr 40-55 MilH, cpopMoBoro MaccoH 0,9 Kr 50-60 MUH. Xne6 rrepep; BbIeMKOH If3 neqn peKoMeHp;yeTcH onpbICKIfB3Tb BOp;OH. 164 
TaGnlIl\a 81 Qepc3 2-3 'l ocaxapHBamuI 3aBapKY nepeMeulliBalOT /l,JIR YCKOPCHliR OCTblBamHI /1,0 TCl\meparypbI 32-34°C H paCXO/1,YIOT Ha 3aMec onapbl."' I1pl1 3TOM B /1,e>KY C -ocaxapeHHou 3aBapKou BHOCRT rycTYIO 3aKBacKY, /1,06a:BnRIOT qaCTb MonO'lHoM CbIBOpOTKH no pel(enType, MYKY nmeHH'l' HYIO I copTa, npeccoB3HHbie /1,pO>K>Kl1 B aKTliBHpOBaHHoM BH/1,e; Bce a- TenbHO nepcMelUHBalOT /1,0 nonyqeHHil O/l,Hopo/l,HOM MaCCbI H OCTaBnHIOT /l,JIH 6pmKeHHH. Bb16po)KCHHyro ollapy lIonHOCTblO pacxo/l,)'IOT Ha 3aMec TeCTa C /1,o6aB- neHliCM OCTaJIbHbIX BR/1,OB ChIpbH (B 1. 'l. oCTaBmeMcH 'laCTH MonO'lHOM dbIBOPOTKH H P)KaHOM ceHHoM MYKH) . Hoene 33Meca reCTO OCTaBnHIOT /l,JIR 6pOll<eHHH /1,0 HaKomIeHHH Tpe6ye- MOll KHCJlDTHOeTM M /1,OCl1-1)KCHHH MaKCHMaJIbHOrO 06'beMa. Upl! npHrOTOBJ1eHHM TeCTa Ha )J(H,IJ,KOM 3aKBaCKe 3aBapKY rOTOBHT C 60nee BbICOKOH B.i,a)KHOCTbIO 73-75% B MaUlliHe X3-2M-JOO, KY/1,a nO/1,aIOT MYKY p)l(<lnyro ceHHyKJ, ncpeTepThIu TMHH Ii BCIO ChIBOPOTKY, IIpCMOT' peHHYIO p.ellemypoii. 3aTC.I\1 /1,06aBnRIOT ropR'lyIO BO/l,)' H nO/1,orpeBalOT rrapoM /1,0 90-95° C /l,JIH 50nce lIomIOM K1ICHCrepH3altIDi KpaxMaJIa n 3anapKe. noene OXJIIDKneHHil 3aBapKI'I no 63-65° C npH nepeMelIlHBamm BROCRT He«pcpMCHTupoBaHHhlu C01l0/1, /l,.1Iil ocaxapHBaHlUI M OXJIa)K,1J,emUI 3aBapKH B Te'lCHHe 90-120 MHH_ O>cla)KneHHYIO /1,0 32"':'34°'C 3aBapKY nepCKa'lliBaIOT B eMKOCT1>, A06aB- JUllOT >KH;J,Kym 3aKBacKY, Bce ncpeMemHBalOT H OCTaBnillOTWUl 3aKBauuma- HlUI Ha 6-7 'laCOB npH TeMnepaType 30_32° C. 3aKBamcHHYro 3aBapKY nepeKa'lIiBalOT B paCXOJJ.HhIH 6aK M Hcnonb3YloT Ha 3aMec TeCTa nopUHOHHbIM M1IM HenpepbIBHhIM cnoc06aMM. ITpli HcnpephlBHoM 33Mece B MamHHy 11-8-XT A-12/1 (11-8-XT A-6) fL'lli /1,pyrllx MapoK nO/1,alOT 3aKBameHH)'1O 3aBapKY, aKTHBlIpOBaHHbIe /1,pmK)KH, OCTaBruyi'JC>I MYKY, naTOKY, COJ1eBOH pacTBOp H E0/l,J no paC'leTY. EpmKeHHj) Tecm oCYll\eCTBnHIOT B ceKIJ;MHX 6YHKepa, B arpcraTe XTP HnH /1,pyrHX eMKOCTRX. [OTOBoe TeCTO /1,eJIRT Ha KyCKlI II «P0PMYIOT, npH}1aBaH TeCTOBhIM 3aro- TOBKaM npO/1,onroBaTo-OBarrbHYIO WIll Kpyrrryw «POPMY. C<popMOEaHHbIe 3arOTOBKH YKJIa;J,bIBalOt B KacceThI, nOKphIThle TKaHblO mm Ha /1,OCKH, no- ChIlIaHHblC MYROH, 11 HarrpaBJUIIOT Ha paCCTOllKY. IIpH pa3/1,enKC paCXO/1,yIDT /1,0 3% MYKM OT o6ll\ero KO;m'leCTBa ee Ha TeCTO. HpOIJ:01l)KHTCJIbHOCTb paccToHKH 35-45 MHH B 3aBllCMMOCHi OT MaCChi teCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H ycnoBIIM paCCTOHKll. IIepc/1, noca;J,KoH B nc'lb nOBcpxHOCTb 3rOTOBOK HaKaJI1:>IBaIOT tpeMR nOnepe'lHbIMM HaKonaMII II onphIcKHBalOT BonoM. Bbme'lKY H3/1,eJIIIH npo1l3BO/l,RT B YBna)KHeHHoM neKapHoH KaMepe IIPH TeMnepaType 160-200° C B Te'leHlIC 36-45 MHH /l,JIil 1I3/1,enllii MaccoH 0,66 Kr M 38-50 MlIH /l,JIil 1I3/1,enHH Maccoll 0,83 Kr. · [OTOBbIM xne6 nepe/1, BbIeMKoii 113 ne'lH peKOMeHJJ;yeTcH OIIpbICKHBaTh BO/1,OM. PccnTYpa Ii pemliM npllrOTOBJlCHf1H TeCTa AJUI X1Jc6a ,,Bnpy" Ha W-UAKOH 3aKBaCKe II 3aKB"rueHHoii: 3aBapI;:e HaHMCHOBaIme CbIpbf!, nOJly(jJaGp,u<aTOB PaCXO,D, CIoIphf! H n8p0l\1eTpbI npOl.\ecca II nOK83aTenen npouecca 3aKBac- 38BapKa 38S8pKa Ka ocaxa 3aKB8- TeCTO peHHasI meHH8R 3aKBaCKa )l(HI1KaJI Ge3 3aBapKYI, Kr 4,5 9 MYKa P)I(aIIM 06AHPH8J! C 3aKBacKoil B 3a- 3 ](BaIlIeHHYIO 3aBapKY, Kr MYKa P)l(aIIM 06AHPHM, Kr 1,5 7 MYKa p)I(aIlaJl CCJlH8J!, Kr 5 60 (Ii T. 'I. 3 Ha pa3I1CJI- KY) MYKa nIlleHlI'IHaJI xne60ncKapifaJI nep'Joro 20 copTa, Kr COJlon p)I(aIIofi Hcq,epMCHTHpOBaHHblil, Kr 5 3aaapKa ocaXapCHH8J!, Kr 57,4 3aaapKa 3aKBamcHHM, Kr BCH }J,PO)l()f(H XJlC60nCKapHblc npeCCOBaIlHbIC, l,,D Kr* Conb nOBapeHHM IillWCDM, Kr 1,5 naToKa, Kr 5 C'bIBO,POTKa MOnO'IHaJI, 1,1' 20 TMlIII, Kr 0,4 Bona, Kr 3 20 no paC'IeTY Bna)l(HocTb, % 69-75 n15 72-74 HC 60Jlee W XII + + (0,5- 1,0) TeMncpaTypa HatIaJIbHM, 0 C 28-30 63-65 30-32 30-32 npOnOJl)l(lITeJlbHOCTb ocaXapllBaIDUI, MIIH 90-120 npoP;On)l(HTCJJbHOCTb 6pO)l(eIIllH, Mlm 180-270 360-420 60-90 KHcnoTHocTh KOHC'IH8J!', rpaA 9-12 11-12,5 7-8 " npcIIBapllTCJ1bHO aKTHHlIpYIOT 1-2 'I no peuenType, Kr: np0)l()I(H - I, M)'Ka IIlI1CHlI'I- H8J! 1 C - 3, BOlla - 7,5 TecTo MO)KHO npJ-lrOtoBIITb Ha 3aKBaCKe rYCTOH (Ta6n. 80) IInH )KH;J,KOH ('ra6n. 81). MYKY p)KaHYIO n6/1,HpHYro pacxo/l,)'IOT Ha nplirOTOBneHHe 3aKBaCKlI. IIpH npHrOTOBneHHH TeCTa B 'leTbIpe CTa;J,HH Ha-rYCTOH 3aKBaCKe ncnonb- 3YlOT 3aBapKY C HH3KOH Bna)I(HOCTbIO 63-65%. IIpH 3TOM MYKY, cono/1, H npe/1,BapliTenbHo nepeTepTbIH /1,0 pa3pYilleHIIH o60nO'leK TMI!H TlltaTeIIbHO nepcMemHBalOT B /1,C)Ke II 3aBapHBalOT BO/1,OH C TeMnepaTypoii 95-97° C. Bo/1,y /1,06aBnilroT B 2-3 nplleMa npll oWioBpe- MeHHOM nepeMemHBaHHH /1,0 nonyqeHHil OJJ.HopO/1,Hoii MaCChI. 166 167 
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npll IIpllrOTOBnernm TeCTa mo6bIM 1I3 OIIHcaIIHbIX BbIIlle crrocoGoB B TeCTOMecllnbHyw MaUlliHY A0311pYWT rrony<pa6pHKaTbI, corteBoH paCTBOp, rraTOKY, BOpY rro paCqeTY, M}'KY p>KaJIYW ceHHYW II eHH'}HYW rrepBoro copTa II rrpoI13BOJJ)IT 3aMec AO rronyqeHIIH OAHOpoAHOH MaCCbI C rrocneAY- WIl\HM 6pO>KeHlleM AO KHCJ10THOCTII 5,5-9 rpaA. fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3AenbmaWT Ha KYCKII, C<pOpMOBaHHbIe TecTOBbIe 3arOTOBKII YKna.rr,bwaWT Ha AOCKII; 06nmYTbIe TKaHbW II rrOCbITIaHHbIe MY- KOH, II nOABepraWT paCCTOHKe B TeqeHlle 45-50 MIDI rrpH TeMrrepaTYpe 36-40° C. nepen nocaAKoH B ne'lb TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH peKoMeHAyeTcH HaKa- nbIBaTb II pacrronaraTb Ha rroAY netrn Ha HeKoTopoM paCCTOHHIDI npyr OT npyra BO 1136e>KaHlle rrpIlTIlCKOB, TpeIl.\HH H BbITIJIbIBOB. Xne6 BbUIeKaWT rrpH TeJ\1TIepaType rreKapHoH KaMepbI 260-280° C B TeqeHHe 25-35 MMH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI xne6a II KOHCTP}'KTHBHbIX oco6eHHocTeH ne'll!. npH BbIeMKe 113 rre'lli xne6 peKOMeHAyeTcH orrpbICKHBaTb BOnOH. TaGJlHua 84 PeucnTYpa II PC)Kl!M npllrOTOBneH!HI TepMor1mJIbHCH 3aKD:!CKH B pa3BOAO'IIIOM UHKJle (Ha 100 Kr MyKli B IV qla:lC) HIIHMeHOBaHHC CblpbH, <1>a3bI Pa3BOp;otJ:uoro 1,,'Kn8 nonycp86pHKaToB H nOK838Tcneii npOn;eCC8 II III IV )!(lIAKaH KynbTyp8 L. delbrueckii-7 6, 0,1 n 1IJ111 CYCIICH31151 cyxoro JlaKTO- 6aKTcpflHa I1J1H TCpMOq,lIJ1bHbIX XJlC6HbIX 3aKBaCOK (10 )J.03 B 100 MJI BOnDI) , JI" TCpMoq,UJlbHaH 3aKBaCKa npeAbI- 4 20 100 AYlllCH <lJa3b1, KI' 3aBapKa ocaxapCHHaH 113 MYI(lI 3,9 16 80 300 p)K8nOH cemroH II BO)J.M (1: 3) . Kr Macca TCpMOq,lIJ1bHOH 3aKBaCKlI, 4 20 lOO 400 Kr Bm:)I(HOCTb, % 79-80 79-80 79--80 79 80 TemcpaTypa H3'JaJ1!.HaH, 0 C 50-52 5052 50-52 50-52 KlICJ10THOCTb KOne'IH8J1., rpap; 9-12 10-12 10-12 10-12 npO):\OJl)l(HTenbtIOCTb '3aKBaIllI1Ba- 24 9-10 8-9 5 7 HIH!. 'J l' a G n II U a 85 PCUCn1YP3 II PC)!(lIM npllrOTOBJlCHIIH TecTa AJiH MIIHCKoro XJleGa B 'IeTLlpe CT3J\lIl1 Ha rYCTOH II TepMocpllJIbHOH 33KBaCK3X HaUMCHOB8HlIC CbIpbH, Pacxop; CbIpbH II nap3MeTpbl npOIJ;eCca nonycpa6pllK81'OB H nOKa3al'CJIeH 3I1KBaCKa 33B8pKa 3I1KBaCKa npon;ecc8 rYCT8H ocaxapeH- TepMO- TeCTO HaJI cpWIbHaJI 3aKBaCKa rYCTaH, Kr MYKa p)l(aHM CCHHaJI, Kr MYKa nlI1CHlI'IHaJl. XJle60nCKapHall ncpBoro COpTa, Kr 3aBapKa ocaxapcHHM, Kr 3aKBaCKa TCpMoq,lIJIbIIaH, Kr IIpO)l()I(lI XJ1cGonCI(apHbIe-npecco- BaHHbIC, Kr Conb nOBapeHHaH nMlllCBM, Kr naTOKa, 1(1' TMlIH. Kr"" Bona, Kr Bm:)I(HOCTL, % " no pa3Bo)J.O'lHoMy L\HKJlY TCpMOlIJIbHYIO 3aKBacKY oGHOBJIHIOT OGbItIHo 'JCpC3 2-3 MCC. B npoH3BoJJ,cTBeHHoM IJ,HKne ee rroAJJ,ep)KHBaHJT npH IeMnepaType 50- 53°C nYTeM OCBe>KeIIHH ocaxapeHHoH 3:lBapKoH. PeIJ,errTypa 1I TeXHOnOrll'IeCKliH pe>KHM rrpHrOTOBneI-fHJ.[ TeCTa ):(.,TJ1i MHH- CKoro xne6a Ha TepMo<pHJI.bHOH 3aKBaCKe npenCTaBneHbI B Ta6JI. 85. B npoH3BOncTBeHHoM l(HKne TepMo<pHJIbHYHJ 3aKBacKy rronyqaHJT ny- TeM 3aKBaIllHBaHHH ocaxapeHHoH 3aBapKlI rrpH rroEbIIlleHHoH TeMrrepaType 50-53°C C rrOMOIl.\bIO qaCTIl TepMo<pHJlbHOH 3aKBaCKH rrpeAbI.LJ:yruero npH- rOTOBnemm. TCMncpaTypa Ha'laJ1bHaH, 0 C npO}:\on)l(IfTeJlbHOCTb ocaxapHBa- HlIJI., MlIH npO}:\omI<lfTeJlbHOCTb GpO)l(CmIH, MlIH KlICJlOTII<;JCTb KOHC'lHM, rpap; B OTnH'IlIe OT ocaxapeHHoH 3aBapKH, 3aKBaIlleHHoH rYCToH 3aKBaCKOH npH TeMrrepaType 32-34°C (Ta6JI. 83), -repMoiPliJIbHaH 3aKBaCKa I1MeeT Gonee IIpI1HTHbIH KHCJIO-cna.rr,KHH BKYC H <PPYKTOBbIH apoMaT H3-3a I10BbI- IlleHHoro COAep>KaHHH apoMaTo06pa3YHJII.\HX Bell\eCTB (aIJ,eTHna, aIJ,eTOlma HAp.), 15 18 44 55 10 10 27,5 9,2" 27,5 0,5 1,5 2 0,2 11 17,5 46-48 68-70 68-70 25-28 63-65 50-53 90-120 210-270 480-540 6-8 8-10 no paC'IeTY HC GOJlce W XI1 + + (0,5-1,0) 28-30 60-90 5,5-9,0 " Ka)l(!jb!fi pa3 oTGapaIOT OT npe)J.bIAYlllcH nopuHIf TCpMOq,lIJIbHOfi 3aKBaCKIf. "" 1l0nycKaeTcH lICn0JIb30BaTb Ha nOCblnKY TecTOBbIX sarOTOBOK. 173 172 
3aBapKY rOTOBHT B MaUillHe X3-2M-300 IDIH npymx MapOK nyreM 3aB8pHBaHIDI 'laCTH pilGlHOH CeflHOH MyKU, rrCperepTOrO "TMHHa, conop;a C rrOMOlllbIO rOpH'1eH BO]J,b1 C Tel\mep<lTypoi1 95-98°C. Ha'lanbHafl TeMrrepa- ° Typa 3afJapKH nOmKHa 6bITb 63-65 C. npYOTOBneHHYID 3aBapKY ocax.apHBaIOT IlpH naHHoH TeMrrepaTYpe B Te'leHHC 2-3 'l, nepeMeIIDIBaIOT H OCTaBnHHH 11.JU!. oxnajI()J,eHIUI no TeMlle- paTypbI 32-35° C, KOTopoe 06bI'JHO' rrpOno.J1)f(aeTCfl B Te'leHIfe 5 -8 'l. B ocaxapeHHyIO If oxna)K,!J;eHHYIO 3aBapKY BHOCHT "cnenoe" reCTO 11)Ifl 3aKBalliliBaHHfl ee B TelIeHMe 5-6 '1 npM 32-35°C, lIocne 'lero n0681mflIOT npeCCOBaHHbIe npo)lOKii (nY'lIIIe aKTIfBMpOBaHHbIe) H rrpOnomKaY.JT 33KBa- nnman elUe B Te'leHHe 30-60 MHH. 3aKBallieHHa.!I 3aBapKa (ollapa) rrpeACTaBIU1eT co60ii 6pO}Jy,lUYID Mac- cy cnanKOBaTO-KHcnOBaToro BKyca 1'1 rrpHflTHoro apoMaTa C 3arraXOM TYvilma. K 3aKBZllieHHoii 38BapKe n06aBTIHIOT OCT8BllieeCH KOnH1JeCTBO M)'KH, rraToKY, coneBoM paCTHOp, BOny rro paC'lery, 38MeIIDIBaIOT TeCTO no onno- ponHOH K0H:CHCTeHIL"liH II BbI6pail\1maIOT ero no BaKOlU1eHIffl KUCJIOTHOCrn 5,5-9 rpan C rrocnenyIOllteH pa3.QenKoH, paccToMKOH TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK 1'1 Bbme'lKoii xne6a. Peu:errTypa If TeXHOnOrIf'leCKHM peiKIfM npIfrOTOBneHIfH TeCTa B lJeTbIpe CTa;O;HH C 3'aKBaIlilffiaHHeM 3aBapKH TOH 3aKBaCKOH npenCTaBneHbI B Ta6n. 87. Xne6 pIDKCKHA XJIe6 pHjI(CKHii: H] CMeCH MyKH pjl(aHOH ceflHoH, nIlleHH1JHOH nepBoro copTa, ueI}JepMeHTHpOBaHHOro conona H ;o;pyrIfX BBnOB CLIpbfl BbIpa6aTliI- BaIOT 3aBapHbIM nO;O;OBbIM, IllTY'IHbIM Mac'coii 0,5 -0,8 Kr npo;o;orrroBaTO- OBaJIbHOH I}JOpMbI C T}'IIbIMH KOHMH. npHMepH8R nmma XJIe6a MaccoM 0,5 Kr 23-26 CM, nrnpIfHa 7-10 CM. TeCTO 1J)Ifl XJIe6a pHjI(CKOrO rOTOBJH B TPH (3aBapKa, 3aKBaUleHHaJi 3aBapKa, TecTo) IDIH lJeTbIpe (3aKBaCKa, 3aBapKa, 3aKBallIeHHaH 3aBapKa. TeCTO) CTI1JUfH. PeL\errTypa H peiKIfM npHroToBneHHfl TeCTa B Tpll CTa;o;IfIl C 3aKBanrn- BaHHeM 3aBapKH "crrenbIM" TeCTOM rrpe;O;CTaBneHbI B Ta6n. 86. l' a 6 n 11 U a 86 PeQenTYpa H pC1KHM npuroTOIlJIClIHB TecTa ;tJIJt XJlc6a pHIKCKoro B TPII CTIlt\HH C 3aKBaWIIBaHIICM 3aBapKH "CnCJlhlM" TCCTOM H8HMeHOBaIlHe CbIphlt, PacxoJJ; CbIpbR H napBMeTpbI npOJJ;eCCB nony$B6pHKaTOB II nOKa3BTenCH npOJJ;eCCB 38BapKa 3aBapKa OCBxapeH- 3aKBaweH- TeCTO Ha.II Hall (onapB) "CnClIoe" TeCTO, Kr 10 MYKa B "cnenOM" TCCTC, Kr S MYKa p)l(aHaH CCJIHaH, Kr 25 55* MYKa TIIllCHlI'lHaR xJle60ncKapHM IIepBOrO cop- 10 Ta, Kr COJlop: p)l(aHoil Heq,cpMeHTlIpOBaIlH!.Ifi, Kr 5** 3anapKa ocaxapeHHaJl, Kr 78.4-81,4 3anapKa 3aKBaIllCHHa5l, Kr 88.5 -91',5 J];PO)l()I(lI XJle60neI<apHLIc npeccOBaIIHLIC. Kr 0,1"'** Conb nOBapeHHM nlleBM, Kr 1,5 naToKa, Kr 5 TMllII, Kr 0,4 Bona. KT 48-51 no paC1lcTY BJla)!(llOCTb, % 67 -69 65-67 He 60nce W xn + + (D,S-I,D)' TeMncpaTYpa Ha'laJIbHaR, 0 C 63-65 32-35 29-32 nponOJ!)l(HTelIbHOCTb ocaXapllBaIIlIR. MlIH 180-300 npOAOmKMTeJIbHOCTb OXJIa>K)J.CHlIH, MlIH 300-480 npOnOlI)I(HTeJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHlIJI, MHH 360-420 60 -85 KIICIIOTHOCTL I<OHC'IHaJI, rpap; 8-10 5,5-9 l' a 6 II II U a 87 PCQemypa II pe)lOlM npnrOTOBJleHWI TeCTIll\1lH XJJc6a pJ!)I(CKoro Ha rycToii 3aKBaCKe B 'IeTLIpe CTiill PacxQA CblpbR H napBMeTpbI npOJJ;eCCB HIDIMeHOBaIlHe CbIpbJI, nony$a6pHKBToB 3a- 3BBapKa 3aBapKB H nOKB3aTenen npouecca KBaCKB ocax a- 3BKBBWeH- TeCTO peHHBJI HBJI (onB- pa) 3aKBacKa ryCTM, Kr MYKa B 3aKBaCKe, Kr MYKa p)l(aHaJI Ce5lHaJl, Kr MYKa ITlI1eHH1j}!M XJleGollcKapHM nep- Bora copTa, Kr COlIon p)l(aHoil Heq,epMeHTlIpOBmHbIfi, Kr 3aBapKa ocaxapCHHa5l, Kr 3HBapKa 3aKBamCHHaH, Kr MYKa B onape, Kr npo)l()I(J! XJlcGoneKapHbIe npCCCOBmHble, Kr COJIb nOBapCHHaR nllCBllii, Kr naTOKa. Kr TMlIH, Kr * B TOM 'IHCJle 2 Kr MYKII paCXOP:YIOT npll pa3nCIIKe TeCTa. ** nonycKaeTCH 2,5 Kr conop;a 3aMeHlITh paBHLIM KOJlll1jCCTBOM MYKII C n06anne- HIICM 7,5 r q,cpMeHTHOrO npcnapaTa AMHJIOpH3l1H n-10X. *** JJ;pO)l()I(If peKoMalAYCTcfl aKTHBHpoBaTb 30 MlIH B 3anapKc npH COOTHOWeHlIH 1 :1,3. 74 2,1 1,3 6.7 13,3* 8 ,2025 5 52-47.... 10 5 6.5,4-70,4 BCP 38-43 0,4 1,5 :5 0,4 175 
npOnOJl)l(eHlIe TaGJI. 87 l' a 6 JI Ii U a 88 Pacxop: CbIpbli II napBMeTpbI npouecca HBHMeHOBBHHe CbIpbJl. nony4>a6pmc8ToB 38- 38BapKB 3:mapK8 Ii nOKB3aTeJleH npOI\ecca KnaCKa ocaxa- 3BKBameH- TeCTO peHHWI HWI (ona- pa) PecnTYP!l Ii pew.JiM npHI'OTOBJleHHH TCCTa AJIB xJleGa pHJlCCKOI'O Ha JlHHIIH ,,MHm','!" C 3BKBalI1l1B3HIICM 3anapKH I'YCTOH 3aKnaczeoA Bop:a,KI' Bna)I(HOCTb, % 4,5 48-49 40 fJ3-67 no paC'IeTY 59-61 no paC'ICTY He 60nec W xn + + (0,5-1,0) 30-32 PaCXOJJ; CbIpbSl II napBMeTpbl npOI\eCC8 HaUMeHOBBHHe CbIpMI, nony$a6pmcaToB Ii nOKa3BTcnen 3a- 38BapKB 38BapK8 npon;ecca KB8CKB ocaxa- 3BKna- TeCTO p eHJI8R meHHWI (onapa) 180-300 7-9 90-120 5.5-9 3aKBaCIca rycTaH, Kr 1,3 8,1 MYKa B 3aKBaCKe, Kr 0.8 5 MYKa pJKaHM ceHHaH, KI' 4,2 20-25 54-56" MYKa nlI1CHlI'lHaH XIIe60ncKapHaH ncpBoro 10 cOpTa, KI' COJlon p)l(aHo!! HcI1>CpMCHTHpOBaHHblfi, lIT 5 3aBapKa ocaxapeHHM, KI' 68,4 3aBapKa 3aKBalI1CHHaH (oHapa), Kr 76,8 MYKa B 3aKBalI1CHHOH 3aBapKe (onape), KI' 33 IIpo)l()I(lI xJle60nCKapHbIc npeccoBaJ{HbIC, 0,1 *" Kr COJIb !IOBa pCHHaH nllIIlcBaH, Kr 1.5 narOKa, Kr 5 TMHII, Kr 0,4 BOJ:\a,Kr 2,6 43-52 no paC'JCTY Bna)l(HOCTb, % 4849 67 -69 65 -67 He Goncc W XJI + + (0,5-1,0) TeMnepaT}'pa Ha'JaJIbHaH, 0 C 26-28 63-65 30 - 32 28-30 npop:OJl)!(llTeJlbIIOCTL ocaxapUBaHlIH. MIIH 90-180 npOD,OJl)l(HTeJlbIIOCTL OXJIa)l()J;CHIUI, MIDI 60-120 npOnOJl)I(HTCJlbHOCTL GpO)l(CHlIH, Mllli 180-210 180-300 75 -90 KlICJlOTHOCTL KOHC'lHaH, rpap; 6-3 8-10 5,5-9 TeMITepaTypa Ha'laJ1bIIM, 0 C npOp:OJI)I(l!TCnLHOCTb ocaxapllBaJ{lIB, MHH npOp:OJI)I(l!TeJIbIIOCTb OXJla)l()J;eHIIH, MHH npop:on)l(l!TeJIbHOCTb 6pOJKCHlIH, MHH KHcnOTHoCfL KOHe'IHaSl, rpap; 25-28 63-65 180-300 300-480 210-240 6-8 30-32 " 1l0nycKacTcH lICnOnL30BaJ{lIe 3aKBaCKlI 113 P)l(aHOH OGD,lIpHOH MYKII B ICOJl!I- qeCTBC 110 10% B nCpeC'IeTe Ha MYKY K 0611(eH Macce MYICII Ha TeCTO. "" B TOM '!Ilene 2 Kr MYKlIlIcnonb3}'IOT Ha pa3p:CJ1KY Tcera. fYCTYIO 3aKBacKY nepBOHaqaJIbHO BbIDOWIT no pa3BOrrollliOMY LlI1Kny, KaK }'Ka3aHO npll OIIlIcamm npoLlecca BbIBeAeHIIH ee AJUI xne6a 113 p)KaHOH ceHHOH M}'KII. B npOH3BOACTBeHHOM Llm<ne 3aKBaCKY OCBe)!(aIOT B Ae)Kax no AOCTII- )Kemm KHcnOTHOCTH 6,5 -7,5 rpaJJ,. .D.rrH ynY'IIlleHHH nOA'beMHoii ClillbI 3aKBaCKII npH Ka)l(,D;OM OCBe)l(e- HHH MO)!(HO Ao6aBmlTb qaCTb npeAycMOTpeHHbIX peLlenTypoH npeccoBaH- HbIX Ap0)K)I(eH. 3aBapKY rOTOBHT, ocaxapHBaIOT H oxna:>lQJ;aIOT 06bI'llibIM cnoco60M, KaI< }'Ka3bIBaJIOCb paHee. 06bI'lliO noprrI1IO 3aBapKII rOTOBHT Ha 2-4 nop- lum 3aKBaIlleHHoH 3aBapKH (onapbI). npH npllroToBneHHH onapbI K ocaxapeHHoii 3aBapKe Ao6aBnHIOT nop- LlIIIO rYCToH 3aKBaCKII, pa3BeAeHHble B BOAe APO)!()I(If, M)'Ky p)l(aHYIO ceH- Hyro H npoH3BoAHT 3aMec B TeqeHHe 15-20 MHH AO IIonyqeUHH OAHOPOA- HOH MaCChI C nocneAYIOIl.{HM BbI6pa:>lGmaUHeM AO KHcnOTIIOCTH 7 -9 rpaJJ,. B BbI6po)!(eHHYIO onapy BHOCHT OCTaJIbHOe cblpbe no peLlenType, npo- H3B01J)JT 3aMec TeCTa B TelJelllie 10-15 MIDi AO nonyqeHIIH OAHOPOAIIOH MaCCbI C nocneAYIOIl.{HM 6pO)l(eIUleM, pa3Aem<OH, pacCToiiKoH TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H BbIIIe'lKoii xne6a. OlIHcaHHbIH cnoco6 nopLllloHHoro npllrOIOBneHHH TeCTa Ha onape ocy- IltecmnHIOT 06bI'lliO B Ae)l(ax. " B TOM '!Ilene 2 Kr MYKII paCXOP:YIOT npll pa3D,eJIKe TeCTa. *" llpO)l(J!GI peKOMClIp;yCTCB aKTlIBlipoBaTb 25-30 MlIH npll TCMnepaTYpe 29-30 0 C B ITIITaTCJILHOfi cpcAe 113 2 Kr BOI1b! II 0.03 Kr conOI1B. I1MeeTcH OnhIT npoH3BOAcrna pIi)KCKOrO xneGa C nopUHOHHbIM npHro- TOBneHHeM TeCTa B qeTblpe cTaJJ,JUI Ha rrHHHII ,,MHHerr" (TafuI. 88, pHC. 15). .D.rrH 3aKBalilllBaHl!H ocaxapeHHoH 3aBapKII Mcnonb3YlOT rycTyIO 3a- KBacKy, Ha B0306HoBneHHe KOTOpOll B npoH3BoAcTBeHHoM 4MKne Hcnorrb- 3yroT 20% rOTOBon 3aKBaCKII. 176 177 
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ran n .. II a Q7 DmrrOTOBneHHoe m06bIM cnoco60M TeCTO pa3nenbIBalOT. TeCTOBbJe 3arOTOBKH 1J)UI cpOpMOBOfO xne6a YKnanbIBalOT B 4JOPMbI, 1J)UI nonOBoro - B KpyrnbIe KacceTbI, Ha nOCKH, nHCTbl IDUI nlOnbKH pacCTOMHOfO IlIKa<f>a Ii HanpaBmIIOT Ha paccTOMKY. DpOnomKHTenbHocTb paccTOMKH roUI H3ne- IIHM MaCCOM 0,9 Kf COCTaBnHCT 45-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI Tec- TOBbIX 3afOTOBOK H ycnoBHM paccToMKH. TecToBhIe 3arOTOBKH npH nocanKe B ne'll> H fOTOBbIM xne6 npH BbI- eMKe H3 ne'lli peKoMeHnyeTcH onpbIcKHBan BOnOM. Bbme'lKY npoH3Bo- MT npH TeMnepaTYpe 200-240°C B Te'lCHHe 40-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI xne6a, KOHCTpyKTHBHhIX oco6eHHocTeM nc'lH H YCJIOBHH 3KC- nnyaTal.UIH . Pel\C61ypa H pCJKIIM I,UH£OTOBJleHH5I TeCTa nJlH xne6a nanmlUKOl'() B TOM CTanm. Pacxop; CbIpbJl H IIapaMCTDbI IIDOI1eCCa IIpmOTOBJ1CHli.'t HaHMeIlOBallliC CbIpbJl, TCCTa Ha 33.I<.BaCKnx IIoJ1ywa6p<'lKaTOB )l(IUIKOH C 3aBapKoii KMK3 M nOKa3BTCJIeH IIpouccca TCCTO TeCTO 3aKBaCK8 3aKBacKa,Kr 16 23* 1,5 14,5 MYKa C 3aKBaCKOH B onapy, 4 5 Kr 55 MYKa p)l(aHaH oGJJ,HpHaH, 0.4 56 4.5 K, 3aBapKa 113 p)l(aHofi MYKll 2.7 II BOP:bI (1 :2,5), 1<1' 40 40 MYKa nlI1eHlI'lJla51 XJlc60ne- KapllM nepDoro cOpTa, Kr 0.5 0,5 ,ijPO)!()I(lI XJlcGoneKapHbIc npcccOBaIIHbIe, Kr** 1,4 1,4 COITb nOBapcHHaH nllll(C- BM, Kr Onapa, Kr BC5I BCH Bop:a, Kr 3,9 30 no pac- 8,5 52 no pac- 'leTY 'lCTY Bna)I(HOCTb, % 85-87 49-51 HC GOJlee 69-71 59-61 IiC Gonec W XJ1 + W xn + (0,5-1,0) (0,5- 1,0) Tel'olITcpaTYpa Ha'laJIbHM, 31-33 26-28 26-30 38-41 28-30 29-31 °c KncnoTHocTb KOHC'IHM, 9-11 8-10 7-10 18-22 8-10 7-10 rpap; 70-90 480-720 150-180 60-90 npOp:OJl)l(HTeJlbHOCTb 6po- 120 210-215 JKeHlI5I, MlIH Xne6 CTO.JIH1IHLIA Xne6 CTOnH'llibIM BbIpa6aTbIBalOT H3 CMeCH MyKH p)l(aHOM 06nHPHOii H nIlleHH'lliOM xne60neKapHoM nepBofO copTa MaccoM 0,5 -1,1 Kf cpOpMO- BbIM H nOnOBbiM IllTY'IHbIM KpyrnoM lUlH npononfOBaTO-oBaITbHOM cpOpMbI. TecTO fOTOBHT Ha pa3HhIX 3aKBaCKax B nBe (TaOO.93) lUlH TPH (TaOO. 94) CTa)]:liH. KOnH'leCTBO M)'KH, BHOCHMOM C 3aKBaCKOM Ha 3aMec TeCTa, MO)I(CT BapbHpOBan OT 12 no 33% B 3aBHCHMOCTti OT Bbl6paHHoM TeXHOnOfH'le- CKOM cxeMbI H npyrHX ycnoBHM npoH3BOnCTBa. HopMa pacxona npeccoBaHHbIx np0)l()l(CM MO)I(CT 6bITb H3MeHeHa B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT nOn"beMHOM CHnbI np0)l()I(eM H 3aKBaCKH, Ka'IeCTBa M)'KH Ii ycnoBHM npoH3BOnCTBa. ,JJ,nH ynY'llIleHHH cpOpMOYCTOM'lliBOCTH nOnOBOfO xne6a H 06"beMa cpop- MOB oro xne6a nonYCKaeTCH pefynHpoBaHHe COOTHOIlleHHH P)l(1lHOM H nme- HH'fHOH MYKH B npenenax :.t1O Kf. fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3ncnbIBaIOT, TeCTOBhIe 3arOTOBKH 1J)lH cpopMOBoro xne6a yKnanbIBalOT B cpOPMbI, 1J)lH nOnOBoro xnc6a - B KpyrnhIe Kacce- Tbl, Ha nHCTbI lUlH monbKH paCCTOHHOfO lllKacpa H HanpaBnHIOT Ha pac- CTOMKy. DponomKHTenbHOCTb paccTOMKH 45-55 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TCCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H ycnoBHH paccToMKH. TecToBbIe 3arOTOBKH rrpH rrocanKe B ne'll> H fOTOBbJH xne6 npn BbIeM- Ke H3 ne'lli peKoMeHnyeTcH OnpbJCKHBaTh BOnOM. DpOnomKHTenbHocTh BbIIIC'lKH xne6a cpopMoBoro MaccoM 0,85 Kf COCTaBnHeI 45-54 MHH, nOnOBOfO 40-50 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI xne6a, KOHCTPYKTllBHbIX oco6eHHocTeH ne'lli H ycnoBHM 3KcIUIyaTal.urn, BblIIe'lKa npoH3BO}:UITCH npH TeMTIepaType 190-250°C. * ,ijonycKaeTcH IICn0JIb30BaTb cncnoc TecTO. ** ,ijonycKacTcH H3MeI!HTb B 3aBlIClIMOCTIi OT nOJJ,:beMHOH ClIJIbI II YCITOBlIil paccTofi- KlIlIJilI 3aMCHi::Tb Ha )l(HAI<He I1P0)l()I(H (10% MYKOH). KOIIH'lCCTBO IVIYKH, BHOCHMOH C 3aKBacKOH npH 3aMCCC TecTa, MO)l(CT BapbHpOBaTb OT 15 no 33% B 3aBHCHMOCTli OT TeXHOnOfH'1eCKOM CXCMbI If ycnoBHH npoH3BOnCTBa. HopMa pacxona npeccoBaHHbIx np0)l()I(CM MO)l(CT 6bITb H3MCHeHa B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT nOn"bCMHOM ClUlhI np0)l()l(CM H 3aKBaCKH, OT Ka'lCCTBa MyKH H ycnOBH" npoH3BoncTBa. .IJ.rrH ynY'llIleHHH cpOpMOYCTOH'lliBOCTH nOnOBOfO xne6a H 06"bCMa cpop- MOBOfO xne6a norrYCKaeTCH perynHpoBaHHe COOTHOIlleHHH p)l(aHOM H nIlle- Hll'IHOH M)'KH B rrpenenax :.t1O Kf. DpIITOTOBneHHe TCCTa Ha KMK3 B )]:Be HnH TpH CTanHH pCKoMeHnyeTcH rrpJi OpraHH3a.I.UIH BbIpa60TKH xnc6a napHHKofO B 1-2 CMeHbI HnH C rrepe- pbIBaIVm B OTnenbflbre nHH HenCIIH, 1. K. naHHaH 3aKBaCKa crroc06na K caMO- KOHCepBal.\HH. 184 185 
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<- 0\ - M r:: :.: a g 0 ..... <-< ..... 0 Q,  '"  0 I::J: '" 0 '" '" ., '" :::: \C '" '" p. :.: :0 0 '" '" '" '" eo  ..... .., II: '" x J  *'ia to 8.*   :.: '" o aU .." '" .. ..  '" :(,  '" eo   p.  '" r:: x a 0 ..... <-< ..... '" 0 ..... x  0 0 '"  1'1  0 III .., '" ..... '" ..... c: Q, '" ;;; .. 0 '" C to eo ..... '" .. g eE c. .: '" c. 1II :;; ::;'   5  :.:    :::: c.""  t"j to M  r::I C'J co 0 o-e-xg. mg  (3 :.: at: :r: .5 '" ... ., ::s: :I: .,  <=: o I:! 8. t:: 192 a 0 '" 'OJ' <" «> 00 'OJ' I I I N 00 a -D N a «> a 00 N 00 N ";t <- 0\ I I I <- a V> N 0 «> a 00 00 0\ N ";t -D v I I I <- 0 V> N \D «> co I a N V') "'" I oN «> 00 I <- 0\ ..... "'" N a «> a I 0 co «> N l' a 6 fl II U a 98 PcuenTypa II pC)!(lIM npllI'OTOBJICHlI5I TCCTa AJlJI XJlc6a nCKJICBaHHOI'O H8 I'ycToA II )K1lP;KOH 3aKBaCKe H3 p)l(aIloA CCJlHOH MYKII V') I M PacxojJ, Cblpbfl II napaMeTpbl npOllecca HanMeliOBaHlIC CblpbfI, npllI'OTOBnClllUI TCCTa lIa 3aKBaCKe nonyclJaGpllKaToB II nOKa3aTeneH I'Y CTOH JKIfJ];KOH 6C3 38BapKH npollccca 3aKBacKai 381oCB8Cl<:al TeCTO TeCTO 3aI(BaCKa, 1(1'* 13 40 24.4 61 MyKa B 3aKBaCKC Ha TeCTO, Kr 25 25 MYKa p)I(aHaR xne60neKapHaH ceHHaH, 17 55 15 55 Kr MYKa IIWeHlI'IHa5I xne60l1cKapHaH BbIC- 20 20 IllCro copTa, Kr J],P0)l()I(lI XJle50nCI(apHbIC npecCOBaH- D,S 0,5 HbIC, Kr COflb nOBapellHaR nHllIcB8H, Kr 1,5 1,5 Caxap-nccoK, Kr 3 3 Bona,Kr 10 no paC'ICTY 21,6 no pac'IeTY BJla)l(HOCTb, % 45-47 HC 60J1CC 64 -66 HC 60J1CC W xn + W xn + + (0,5-1,0) + (0,5-1,0) TCMlIcpaTypa Ha'laJ1bHaH, 0 C 25 -27 28-30 28 - 30 28-30 npon Ofl )l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6P0)l(CHlIH, MlIlI 210-300 60-90 300- 360 70-90 KHCJlOTIIOCTb KOHe'IHaR, rpag 6-8 5,5-9 6-8 5,5-9 V') «> a N I 0 «> «> M 0 <- a V') N M "" I I ..... V') a N ..... N a <- \D V') N «> V') I I V') a N a M a <- co co N 1" ..... I -D a N \D «> a <- "'" N co \D I I \D a N a \D N "'t «> 0 I a a «> «> co I \D 00 I \D * J],onycKacTcH HCI10J1b30BaIllIC 3aKBaCKlI H3 pJKallofi 06AlIpHOfi MYI(lI B I(Oflll'lC- CTBC AO 10 Kr MYKoit co I \D fipM :nOM KoppeKTMpYIOT COOTBCTCTBeHHO KOnM'JeCTBO BHOCMMOH np" 3aMcce TeCTa p)KaHOH ceHlIOH MYKH H BOp;bI. ,Il,olIycKacTcH TaK)Ke npllrOTOBnCHMC TCCTa nnH XJIe6a neKnCBaHHOrO C Mcnonb30BaIUfCM )l(Mp;t<:OH 3aKBaCKM C 3aBapKOH M3 P)KaHOH 06P;"PHOH MyKM (Ta6n. 99). \D I "'" V') I "'" l' a 6 JI H U a 99 u   b: 0 '" 0. :I: ID ... '"  :.: @ tJ g  I   E..o    =r: '" 0.  :s: 2  g::o g  8. :::i!'1 !-o t:::Ii 1:1 '" 0. ... .: '" Si <> o :.: '" ... o o :I: ... o 5 :2 PcucnTypa II peJKHM npllI'OTOBJICHlIH TCCTa P;illI XJIcGa nCKJlCBaHHOI'O Ha )KKOH 3aKBacKe C 33BapKOH 113 P)l(aHOH 06P;HPHOH MYKII HIlHMCHOBaHlIe CbIpbH, PacxojJ, CbIpbfI II napaMCTpbI npOl.\ccca nonYcPaGpllKaTOB II nOKa3aTcncH 38BapKa ITaTeJIb- JKIfJ];K8fl TCCTO np Ol.\ccca liaR 38KB8- CMeCb CK8 C3a- BapKOH 43 43 10 )l(lIp;KaH 3aKBaCK8 C 3auapKofi, Kr MYKa B 3aKBaCKC lIa TCCTO, Kr 3aBapKa, KI' 12 7 3aK. 1116 193 
np o non)l(CHlICTa6J1.99 HaHMeHOB8HlIC CbIpbR, PaCX01J, CbIpbR II nap8MeTpbI npOI.\CCca nony<I>a6pllKaTOB H nOKa3aTenen 3aBapKa rDlT8Tenb- JKHlJ,KaH TeCTO npOl.\ecca HaR 3aKBa- CMCCh CKa C :la- BapKOM 5.2. npOH3BOLJ;CfBO XJ1EEA, EYJ10'lHbIX H CLJ;OEHbIX H3LJ;EJIHA H3 I1IIIEHH'IHOA MYKH S.2.1. Xne6 6em.Iit H3 nmeHH'lHOH M)'KH lllITaTcJlbHM CMCCb, Kr 43 MYKa p)l(aHM 061111pHM, 1<1' 3 7 MYKa p)l(aHM Ce5lHaH, Kr 70 MYKa nlI1eHlI t maH XJle60l1eKapHaR BbIClI1Cro 20 copTa, Kr J:{P0)l()I(lI xnc60neKapHbIe npeCCOBaHHbIC, Kr 0,5 COJIb 110BapeHHaR mIlUCBaR, 1<1' 1,5 Caxap-IIeCOK, Kr 3 BO):ja,Kr 9 24 no paC'ICTY BJla)l(HOCTb, % 78-79 79-83 79-83 He Goncc W xn + TCMlIcpaTypa na'laJIbHaR, °C +{0,5-1,0) 63-65 29-3] 30-32 29-31 npOnOJl)l(HTeJJbHOCTb ocaxaplfBaHlIR, MlIH 25-30 DpOAOJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6P0)l(CHlIH, MlIH 150-180 70-90 KHCJIOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaR, rpa;J, 9-11 5,5-9 XIIe6 6eJIbIH H3 MYKH nrneHII'IHOH BbICrnero, nepBoro H BToporo COpTOB BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT no fOCT 26987 -86 cpOpMOBbIM H nOnOBbIM IlITY'JHbIM MaccoH 0,5-1,2 Kr. DOnOBbIH xrre6 HMeeT nponOJIrOBaTO-oBanbHYIO IDIH KpyrnyIO cpoPMY C KOCbIMH Ha,r:J;pe3aMH Ha nOBepXHOCTI! IIDH HaKOJIaMH, IDIH 5e3 Hanpe30B H HaKOJIOB. ,JJ,nHHa 6aToHa H3 MyKH BToporo copTa MaCCOH 0,85 Kr - opHeHTMpo- BO'JHO 30-35 C, lIIHpHHa 13-17 CM, a H3 MyKH nepBoro II BbIcrnero COpTOB WUI 6aTOHOB Maccoii 0,8 Kr COOTBeTCTBeHHO 30-36 CM H 15-18 CM. ,Il,naMeTp Kpyrnoro xrre6a MaCCOH 0,85 Kr H3 f'A)'KH nrneHH'JHOH BTO- pom copTa opHeHTHpOBO'JHO 20-22 CM, H3 M}'KH nrneHH'JHOH nepBoro H BbIcrnero COpTOB MaccoH 0,8 Kr - 18-22 CM. TecTo rOTOBHT JII06bIM H3 cnoco60B, npHHHTbIX nITH npoH3BOncrna xrre6a H3 nrneHH'lHOH MyKH. IIpennO'ITIUeJIbHbIMH HBJIHIOTCH onapHbiH H Ha 6oJIbrnoH rYCTOH onape nITH xrre6a H3 MyKH BbIcrnero If nepBoro COpTOB If Ha )KHnKOH onape nITH xrre6a H3 MyKlf nepBoro If BToporo COpTOB (ni5JI. 100, 101). MYKY p>KaHYIO 06)J,MPHYIO (10% OT 061l1ell MaCCbI MYKH Ha TecTO) HCnOJIb3YIOT BMeCTO p)l(aHOH ceHHOH MYKH. 3aBapKY npHrOTOBJIHIOT B 3aBapO'lliOll ManIHHe X3-2M-300 06bI'IHbIM cnoco60M C rroCJIenYIOIl\HM ocaxapHBaHHeM OKOJIO 30 MHH. IUaaTeJIbHYIO CMeCb rOTOBHT B TOll )l(e MaIllliHe H HcrrOJIb3YIOT Ha oc- Be)l(eHHe )KHnKOll 3aKBaCKH B COOTHorneHHH 1:1 '1epe3 Ka>KAbIe 2,5-3 '1aca 6po)l(eHHH rro nOCTHY.<emm KHCJIOTHOCTH 9-11 rpa;:J;. 3aMec TeCTa Ha )KHnKOH 3aKBaCKe C 3aBapKOll OCYllIeCTBmuoT nop- IUfOHHO IDIH HerrpepblBHO B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT HMeIOIl\erOCH 060pYJ\OBaHliH Ii HanpaBJIHIOT Ha 6pO)!(eHlie. fOTOBHOCTb TeCTa, npHrOTOBJIeHHOrO JII06bIM H3 orrHcaHHbIX BbIrne crroco60B, onpenemlIOT rro nOCTI!)!(eWili Tpe6yeMoii KHCJIOTHOCTH H YBe- JIH'IeHIfIO nepBOHa'laJ1bHOrO 06'beMa B 1,5-2 pa3a. fOTOBoe TeCTO pa3neJIbIBaIOT Ha KYCKH TeCTOneJIHTeJIeM "KY36acc- 68-2M", neJIHTeJIbHO-nocap:O'JHbIMH aBToMaTarvm P3-XLI.-2Y (3Y) , 1I133- XLI..3Y HJIH np. M:apoK. TeCToBbIe 3arOTOBKH yKJIanbIBaIOT B cpOPMbI, CMa3aHHbIe paCHiTeJIb- HbIM MaCJIOM HJIH o6pa6oTaHHhIe rrOJIHMepaMH, H HarrpaBJIHIOT Ha paccToii- KY B paCCTOHHbIH lUKacp arperaToB II6-XPM, II6-XPH, PI-57 lIJIH npymx MapOK. IIponoJI)KHTeJIbHocTb paccToHKH 50-:-60 MHH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H YCJIOBHH paccToHKH. BbIIIe'IKY xrre6a rrpoH3BOnHT B ne'lli «I>TTI-2, XIIA-40, f4-XIITI-16(2) o IUIH npymx MapoK npH TeMnepaType 200-225 C B Te'leHHe 40-60 MHH B 3aBHCliMOCTH OT MaCCbI xrre6a Ii KOHCTpyKTIfBHbIX oco6eHHocTeH ne'lli. XIIe6 rrepen BbIeMKOH li3 ne'lli peKoMeHnyeTcH onpbIcKHBaTh BOnOH. 194 l' a 6 JI II LI a 100 Pcnem'YpbI H pe)l(lfMbl npHroToBneHWI TCCTa onapHblMH cnoco6aMH HlIHMeHOB8HHe CbIphR, nony<l>a6pllKaToB II nOKa3aTeneH npOLlccca PaCX01J, CbIpbR H nap8MeTpbI npOLlecca no cnoco68M II CTap;lUIM onapHbIM Ha 60J1h1II0H rycToH onape onapa I TCCTO onapa I TeCTO 45-55 55-45 60-70 40-30 1,5 1,5 2,0 2,0 1,3 1,3 25-30 no pac- 33-39 IIO pac- 'lCTY 'ICTY 1,0 1,0 Bcn BC5I 26-28 27 - 30 25-23 28-32 210-240 60-90 210-240 20-60 2,5-3,0 3,0 3,0-3,5 3,0 3,0-3,5 3,5 3,0-4,0 3,5 195 MYKa 111I1CHlI'lHa51 XJle601ICKapHa51 ncpBoro, BblClI1CrO COPTOB, Kr J:{P0)l()!(lI XJle60nCKapHbIC npCCCOBaHHbIC, Kr: P;JI» MYKII IICpBOrO copTa AmI MYKH BbICillcro copTa COJIb nOBapeIIHa51 ITI-1II.\CBM, Kr BOlla, Kr Caxap-nCCOK AJl5I XJlc6a Genoro 113 MYKII BbIC- lI1cro copTa, Kr Onapa, Kr TeMlIcpaTypa Ha1laJIbHa5l, 0 C n pOnOJl)l(JlTeJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(CHlI5I, MliH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHCtmaH, rpan, HC 60Jlec: p;JJR 1I3neJIlIH 1I3 MyKlI BbIClI1erO copTa I1nH 1I3P;CJllIfi 113 MYKII ncpBoro copTa 7* 
Ta6J1Hl.1a 101 BbmeqKY H3p;enHH ocymeCTBnJilOT B YBna)I(HeHHOH neKapHOH KaMepe npH TeMnepaType 215-250°C. npop;On)fGUenhHOCTb BbmeqKH 1}>0pMOBbIX H3P;enHH MaccoH 0,7-0,75 Kr H3 nIUeHM'lHOH °MYKH BbICllIero H nepBoro COpTOB 45-50 MHH, <i>OpMOBbIX H3p;enHH MaccoH 0,85 Kr H3 nllIeHH'lHOH MYKH BToporo copTa 50-56 MHH, nop;OBbIX H3p;enHH - COOTBeTCTBeHHO 38-42 MHH H 45-47 MHH. Xne6 83 lliIIeHH'lHOH MyKH BbICllIero, nepBoro 8 Broporo COpTOB Xne6 H3 nllIeHWlHOH M)'KH BbICllIero, nepBoro H BToporo COpTOB BbI- pa6aTbIBaIOT no rOCT 27842-88, nop;OBbIM H 1}>0pMOBbIM MaCCOH 0,5- 1,1 Kr }])UI IlITY'lHOrO H He 60nee 3,0 Kr }l)UI BeCOBoro. nOp;OBbIH xne6 HMeeT npop;onroBaTO-oBanbHYIO HJ1H oKpyrnyIO I}>OPMY C HaKOnaMH HnH C 4-6 KOCbIMH mw:pe3aMH Ha nOBepXHocrn. ,amma 6aTOHOB MaccoH 1,0 Kr H3 nllIeHH'lHOH MyKH BToporo copTa opHeHmpoBO'lHO 31-34 CM, IIDIpHHa 13-16 CM, H3 MyKH nepBoro H BhICllIe- ro COpTOB - 30-35 CM H 15 -17 CM coorneTCTBeHHO. ° !I.HaMeTp Kpyrnoro xne6a MaccoH 1,0 Kr H3 MYKH nllIeHH'lHOH II cop- Ta OpHeHTllpoBO'IHO 20-22 CM, H3 MyKH nllIeHH'lHOH I H BbICllIero COpTOB - 23-26 CM. <l>OpMOBOH xne6 BhIIIeKaIOT B 1}>0pMax xne60neKapHbIX B COOTBeTCTBHH C MaccoH BbIIIeKaeMoro H3p;enHH. TecTo rOTOBHT nI06bIM H3 cnoco60B, npHMeHHeMbIx }J)IH npoH3Bop;CT- Ba H3p;enHH H3 nllIeHH'lHOH MyKH. TIpe}J;IIOqTHTenhHbIMH JlBnHIOTCJI onapHbIH H Ha 60nbllIoH rYCTOH onape }J)IH xne6a H3 MyKH BbIcllIeI'o H nepBoro cop- TOB H Ha )l(HP;KOH onape }J)IH xne6a H3 MYKH nepBoro H BToporo COpTOB. B KaqeCrne pa3pbIxnHTenH }J)IH H3p;enHH H3 nllIeHH'lHOH MyKH nepBoro H BToporo COpTOB npHMeHHIOT OP;HH npeCCOBaHHbIe P;po)I()!(H HJIH B Coqe- TaHHH C )l(HP;KHMH, a }J)IJI H3p;enHH H3 ffilIeHH'lHOH MYKH BToporo copTa p;onYCKaeTCH TaK)I(e Hcnonb30BaHHe TonbKO >l<H}J;KHX p;po)l()I(eH (Ta6n. 102 H 103). PcncnTypa II PC)!(lIM npHI'OTOBJlCHHH TCCTa onapHbIMlI cIIoc06aMH H3 MfKH BTOpoI'O copn H8.HMeHOBaHlIe CbIpbH, nonya6pllI<aTOB H nOKa3aTenCH npOllccca PacxOA ChIpbH II napaMeTphI npOllccca no cnoc06aM II CT8,!:\HHM onapHbIH onap8 I TCCTO H8 )KH)J;KOM onapc onapa I TCCTO MYKa nlI1CHlI'IHa51 XJlc60ncKapHa51 BToporo cop- 45-55 55-45 25-35 75 -65 Ta, Kr .D;pO)l()I(lI XJle60neI<apHblc npcccoBaHHblc, Kr 1,5 1,5 COJIb nOBapCHHa51 nl!ll(eBM, Kr 1,3 1,3 Bop;a,Kr 25-30 no pac- 40-60 no pac- 'ICTY 'ICTY Ollapa, Kr BC5I BC5I TeMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbHaH, C C 26-28 26-30 28-30 28-30 n POAOJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTL 6pO)l(eHlI5I, MlIH 210-240 60-90 210-240 40-60 KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaR, rpM, HC 60ncc 4,5-5,0 4,5 5,0-6,0 4,5 B KaqeCrne pa3phIxnHTenH }J)IH xne6a H3 nllIeHH'lHOH MyKH BbICllIero copTa npHMeHHIOTCH npeccoBaHHbIe P;po)l()I(H HJ1H npeCCOBaHHbIe P;pO)l()I(H B COqeTalUIH C )l(HP;KHMH. n pH 3TOM KOnHqeCTBO npeCCOBaHHbIX P;PO)!()!(eH MO)l(eT 6bITh YMeHhllIeHO He 6onee, qeM Ha 50%. TIpH npoH3Bop;cTBe xne6a H3 nllIeHH'lHOH MyKH nepBoro H BToporo COpTOB npHMeHJIIOTCH npeccoBaH- HbIe, )l(Hp;KHe HJIH npeccoBaHHbIe P;po)l()I(H B COqeTaHHH C )l(HP;K HMH , KOJIH- qeCTBO MyKH, BHOCHMOH C )l(HP;KHMH p;pO)l()I(aMH, He P;OJI)l(HO npeBbIlliaTh 5% K 06meMY KOJIHqeCTBY M)'KH B TeCTe. HOpMbI pacxop;a npeccoBaHHbIx P;PO)l(:>KeH MorYI' 6bITb H3MeHeHbi B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT HX nOp;1>eMHOH CHJ1bI, KaqeCTBa MyKH, TeXHOnOrHqeCKOH CXeMbfH YCJIOBHH npoH3Bop;cTBa. . qaCTh p;po)l()I(eH MO)I(HO BHOCHTh B TeCTO. rOTOBoe TeCTO p;enHT Ha p;enHTeJIhHbIX MaIIDIHax, nocne qero 3arOTOB- KH TeCTa }J)IJI 1}>0pMOBOro xne6a yKnap;bIBaIOT B <i>OpMhI H HanpaBnHIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. 3arOTOBKH }J)IH nop;OBoro xne6a HanpaBJIHIOT Ha oKpyr- neHHe. L{rrH nonyqeHHH nop;OBbIX H3p;enHH npop;onrOBaTOH 1}>0pMbI Tec- TOBbIe 3arOTOBKH nOCJIe oKpyrneHHH HanpaBJIHIOT B 3aKaTO'IHYIO MaIIDIHY. C<i>opMoBaHHbIe 3arOTOBKH }J)IH nop;OBoro xne6a yKJIap;bIBaIOT B cne- IJ;HanbHbIe JIIOnhKH, Ha P;OCKH HJIH JIHCTbI H HanpaBJIHIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. TIP0P;OJI)l(HTeJIbHOCTb paCCTOHKH }J)IH H3p;eJIHH H3 MyKH nllIeHH'lHOH BbICllIero H I copmB 30-50 MHH, II copTa ;30-55 MI1H. nepep; nOCa}J,KOH B ne'lb Ha paccToHBIIDIXCH nop;OBbIX 3arOTOBKax p;o- nYCKaeTCH HaHOCHTb Ha.n:pe3hI HJ1H HaKOJIbI. l' a 6 n II u a 102 PenCD1'Ypbl H PC)!(lIMbl npllrOTOBJIeHHH TCCTa onapHblMH cnoco6aMII H8HMeHOB8HlIe ChIphR, nonya6pHKaToB II nOKa38Teneii npollecca Pacxo):\ CbIpbR II napaMeTpbI npOlleCC8 no cnoc06SM H CTap;lUIM onapHbIH Ha 60mWOH rycToii on8pe onap8 I TCCTO onapa I TeCTO 196 MYKa nillCHlI'lHM XJlc60ncKapHaR BblCillCro 45-55 55 -45 60-70 40-30 H IICpBOrO COpTOB, Kr .D;pO)l()I(lI xnc60neKapHbIC npCCCOBaHHbIC. Kr 1,0 1,0 ConL nOBapCHHa51 nllll(CBa5l, Kr 1,3 1,3 BOAa,Kr 25-30 IIO pac- 33-39 no pac- 'ICTY 'ICTY Onapa, Kr BCH BCR TeMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbHa5l, C C 26-30 27 - 30 24- 27 28-32 npOJ],OJl)l(UTCJlbHOCTL Gpo)l(CHlI5I, MlIH 210-240 60-90 180-240 20-40 KucnoTHoCTb KOHC'IHaH, rpM, HC GOJlce: P;JlH 1I311eJlufi 113 MYKII BbIClI1CrO copTa 2,5 - 3,0 3,0 3,0-3,5 3,0 AJI5I 1I3Aenlln U3 MYKII nepBoro copTa 3,0-3,5 3,5 3,0-4,0 3,5 197 
T a 6 n H  a 103 Pellcmypa H pe)!(llM npllrOTOBJICHHII TeCTa onapHblMH cnoco6aMH Xne6 rrwCHH'lHbrH H3 060HHOH MYI(H onapHbIH onapa I TCCTO Ha )K0I1 onape onapa I TCCTO Xnc6 IIli1CH!1'fHbIH M3 060HHOH MYKH BbIpa6aTbIBalOT no rOCT 27842-88 BCCOBbIM, li1TY'fHbIM, B cpopMax H Ha no):w. Macea BceOBoro xnc6a HC 60nec 3 Kr, li1TY'llwro xnc6a cpopMoBoro - 0.8-1,3 Kr, a nOAOBoro - 0,7-1,0 KI'. HOiOBbIll xnc6 BbmCKalOT OKpYrJIOH M npoAonfoBaTo-QnanbHoM cpop- MbI. OpMCHTMpOBO'fHbIM )J,IlaMCTp Kpyrnoro_ nOAOBoro xnc6a M:leCOH 1,0 Kr - 15-20 CM. TCCTO MO:>KHO rOTOBMTb onapHpIM cnocoQoM,lIa :>KHAKOH onape, ua nliICHHllliOH 3aKBaCKC rum IIa KOHl.\CIITpMpoBaHIIOI! M0J10'lliOK!1CJIOH 3a- KBaCKC. B Ka!fCCTBC pa3 pbIxnMTcnH MO:>KHO HCnOJIb30B3Th AP0:>K)KH xnc6onc- KapEbIc fipecCOBaHHi>IC MJIM )KHAKMC. IIpM !IpHrOTOBnCHMM TeCTa onapUbIM cnOCO(X:>M peKOMCHAYCTCH MC- nonb30nan B Ka'lCCTBC nOJ],KHCITInenH cnCJIOC TCCTO 1mH KOHUCHtpMpo- BaHHY!{] M9JIO'IHoKHcnylO 3aKBaCKY B KOm!'1Ccrnc 5% K Macec M}'l<1I B TCCIC (Ta6n. 104). TecTo IIa 3aKB:lCKC rOTOBHT B JJ;BC CTawm: 3aKBacKa, TCCTO. HIIHMeHOBaHHC CblpbR, nonya6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTeneii npOlJ;ecca Pacxoj:J; CbIpMI II napBMeTpbI npOlJ;eCCB no cnoco6aM H CTa,!J;IUIM MYKa nillCHlI'IHa51 XJle60neKapHa51 BToporo Cop- 45-55 55-45 25-35 75-65 Ta, Kr .D:PO)l()I(Ii XJle60nCKapHbIc npcccoBaHHble, Kr 0,5 0,5 Conb nOBapcHHaH mUIICBM, Kr 1,3 1,3 Bona, Kr 25-30 no pac- 40-60 no pac- 'ICTY 'IeTY Onapa, Kr BCH BCII TCMncpaTypa Ha'laJILHM, 0 C 26-30 26-30 28-30 28-30 npOnOJl)!(llTeJlbHOCTL 6pO)l(eHH5I, MlIH 210-240 60-90 230--250 40-60 KlICJlOTHOCTL KOHe'JiIa51 olIapbI, rpan 4,5-5,0 5.0-6,0 KlIcnoTHOCTb KOHe'IHa51 TCCTa, rpap;, HC GOJlec 4,5 4,5 fOTOBOC TCCTO JJ;cnHT Ha JJ;cmncnbHbIx MaurnHax, nocne '1cro 3arOTOB- KM TCCTa }J)IH cpopMOBoro xne6a YKnaJJ;bIBalOT B cpOpMbI H HanpaBnHlOT Ha paCCTOHKY, a 3arOTOBKH }J)IH nOJJ;OBoro xnc6a HanpaBnHlOT Ha oKpyrneHHc. )J,JUI nonYQCHHH nOJJ;OBbIX H3JJ;enHM npoJJ;OnroBaTo-QBaJIbHOM cpOpMbI TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH nocne JJ;enCHl!H H oKpyrneHHH HanpaBnHIoT B 3aKa- TO'fHYlO Mali1HHY. CcpopMoBaHHbIc 3arOTOBKfI TCCTa }J)IH nOJJ;OBoro xne6a YKnaJJ;bIBalOT B CnCl.\HanbHbIe nlOJIbKH HJIH Ha JJ;OCKH, KOTopbIe nOCbmaHbI nmCHH'fHOM HlIH cyxapHoM MYKOH, nH60 nOKpblTbI TKaHblO, H HanpaBnHlOT Ha pacCToMKY. IIpoJJ;on){(HTcnhHocTh paCCTOMKM }J)IH H3JJ;CJIHM MaccoM 0,8-1,0 Kr M3 M}'l<H nliICHIl'fHOM BbICli1Cro copTa H ncpBoro copTa 30-45 MHH, II cop- Ta - 25-35 MMH. TIcpcJJ; nOcaJJ;KOM B ne...'Ib Ha pacCToHBurnxcH 3arOTOBKax JJ;cnalOT HaJJ;- pC3bI HJIH HaKonbI. Bbmc'lKY M3JJ;cnHM oCYllIccTBnHlOT B YBna:>KHCHHOM nCKapHoM KaMcpc npH TC\'vmcpaTYpc 215-250°C. _ I1pOJJ;OJDKHTCJIbHOCTb BbmC'IKM H3JJ;cnMM MaccoM 1,0 Kr cpOpMOBblX H3 nmCHH'fHOM MYKH BbIcrncro H ncpBoro COpTOB 49-50 MHH, BTOporo copTa - 54-56 MHH, nOJJ;OBbIX - 40-42 MHlI M 45-47 MHH COOTBCTCT- Bmmo. l' a G JI H U a 104 PCL\cnrypa II PC)!(HM npllrOTOBnCHHH TCCTa onapHbIM cnoco60M HaHMeHOBaHHC CbIpbR, nonya6pHKaTOB H nOK838Teneii npOllecca Pacxoj:J; CbIpbfl II napaMeTpbI npOllecca no CT8,r\HHM Ha AP0)KJKaX npeCCOBaHHbIX 'KH.D.KHX onnpa I TeCTO onapa I TCCTO 50,0 47,0 50,0 47,0 0,5 30-35 1,3 1,3 25 -30 no pac- 11-13 no pac- 'ICTY 'ICTY 5,0 5,0 BC5I BCR 28-30. 28-30 27 -31 28-32 24-0-270 6090 180-270 60-90 7,0-8,0 9,0-9,5 7,0 8,5 MYKa IIllleHH'lHaH xJle60nCKapHaH 0601i1laH, 1<1' J],PO)K)j(H xnc60ncKapHblc: npcccoBaHHblc, 1<1' )j(l!P;KHC, Kr COJ1b nonapeHlJaH IIHl!Icn3H, Kr BOAa,Kr Cncnoc TCCTO lIJ1II KMK3, Kr Onapa, I<r TCMllepaTypa Ha'laJIbH,m, 0 C npOnOn)l(l!TenLHOCTb 6PO)l(CHHH, MI1H KHcnoTHocTb KOHC U .H3H onapbl, rp3A KlIcnoTHoeIb KOHC'!Ha51 Teera, rpap;, HC Gonce 3aKBaCKY nonY'JaIOT rryTcM JJ;nYX-TpcX OCBC:>KCHl!J1: p:>Ka::!Oll 3aKBa- CKM nli1CUM'TIIOH 060HIIOH MYKOii C IIOCJ1CJJ;YlO!l\I1f'.l H3KorulCHJICM AO KOJ1H'IC- cma, Heo6xo):\lIMOrO rrpol13Bo):\crny (Ta6n. 105). 198 199 
l' a 6 JIll U a 105 l' a 6 JIll U a 107 H8HMeHOBaHHC CbIphH, nonyq,a6pHKaTOB H nOKa3aTcrrCH npoccca CT8,!J;1IH pa3BO/J:0'lHoro [UiKrra PCL\CnTypa H pCJKIIM npHroTOBJleHlIH TeCTa Ha KoeHTPHpoBaHHOH MOJlO'lIlOKHCJJOH 3aKBaCKe AJ1II XJJe6a nlI1eHH'lHoro H3 060HlIOH MYKII TecTo pa3p;enbmaIOT Ha p;emneITbHbIX ManIJmax. KYCKII TeCTa 1J)IH 4>op- MOB oro XJIe6a YKJHI,!J;hIBaIOT B 4>OpMbI, a 1J)IH nop;OBoro KYCKaM npll,D;aIOT npoP;onrOBaTOoQBaJIbHyIO IDIH oKpyrnyro 4>OPMY II nOMeaIOT lIX B CneI(llaJIb- HbIe nIOnbKII IDIIi Ha P;OCKII, nOCbIIlaHHbIe MyKOM lIJlli nOKpbITbIe TKaHbIO, II HanpaBnmoT B paCCTOMHbIM lIIKa4>. Bbme'IKY XJIe6a npoIl3BO.D;HT B ne'ill C napoM npll TeMIIeparype 200- 240° C B Te'leHlIe 55-60 MIlH. PeQenTypa H peJKHM npHrOTOBJleHHH nlI1eHII'lHOH 3aKBaCKH B pa3BOp;O'IHOM UlIKJle IV HallMeHOBaHHC ChIpbH, norryq,a6pllKaTOB H nOKa3aTcrrCH npouecca 3aKBaCKa 113 p)l(aHoil 060fufoil lIJIlI 06P;lIpHOil MYKII KlICJlOTHOCTblO 12-13 rpa,o:, Kr 3aKBaCKa IIpc)],bIAYll(cil CTap;IIH, Kr MYKa nillCHII'lHaH XJlc60ncKapHa5I 060ilHaJI, Kr llpo)l()I(lI xJJC60nCKapHbIc npCCCOnaHHbIC, Kr B O l1a,Kr BJla)!(llOCTL, % TCMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbHaH, 0 C IIPOl10Jl)!(llTCJlbHOCTb 6P0)l(CHH5I, MlIH KlICJJOTHOCTL KOHe'IHaI!, rpa)1 2,5 32,0 47,0 56,0 67,0 MYKa nlI1CHH'lHaJI XJlc60ncKapHa5I o60ilHa5I, Kr D.po)I()I(H : npCCCOnaIlHbIC, Kr )l(1IJJ;KHC, Kr COJlb nOBapCHHa5I nllIUcnM, Kr BOlla, Kr KMK3, Kr* Onapa, Kr TCMIIcpaTypa Ha'laJIbHa5I, 0 C IIp o l1 oJl )!(llTeJlbHocTL 6PO)l(CHHH, MlIH KHcJJOTHOCTb KOHC'lHM onapbI, rpap; KlICJJOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM TCCTa, rpaA, HC 60ncc 11,0 17,0 5,0 0,1 3,5 12 33 47 49-50 49-50 49-50 49-50 n- n- n- n- 210-240 210-240 210-240 210-240 9-10 10-11 11-12 11-12 ,1J.rrH 3aMeca TeCTa B ManIJmy P;0311pYlOT 3aKBacKy, coneBoif pacTBop, BOP;Y, npll nepeMeIIIIIBaHHH CCbIIlalOT MYKY II npoH3BoP;HT 3aMec p;b nony- 'leHHH OAHopoP;Hoif MaCCbI (Ta6n. 106). l' a 6 JlIII.\ a 106 *Cnoco6 BbIBCP;CHlIH KMK3 npllBcp;eH n TaM. 50. PeuenTYpa II pe)l(llM npmOTOnJleHIIH TCCTa Ha nlI1CHH'lHbIX 3aKBaCKax HalIMeHOBaJillC ChIphH, norryq,a6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTerrCH npoccca Pacxo/J: ChIphH H napa- MeTphI npouccca no CTa,n;HHM TCCTO MYKa nillCHII'IHaH XJlC60neKapHaH 060ilHaJI, Kr 3aKnaCKa, Kr COJIL nonapCHHa5I nllll.\CBaJI, Kr BOAa,Kr TCMlIepaTypa Ha'laJIbHaH, 0 C IIPOP;OJl)l(HTCJ1bHOCTb 6P0)l(CHIIH, MlIH KlICJJOTHOCTL KOHC'IHa5I 3aKBaCKlI, rpap; KIICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHM TeCTa, rpaA, HC 60Jlce 71 49 1,3 no paC'ICTY 29-31 60-90 11 7,0 Pacxo/J: ChIpblI H napaMCTphI npol.\ccca no CT8,!J;llJIM TCCTO TCCTO 87 -92 63 30 0,8 0,5 30-35 20 1,3 1,3 no pac'IcTY 23-28 no pac'IcTY 20-15 10-8 BCIi 29-30 28-30 29-30 90-120 180-300 60-90 7,0-9,0 8,5 8,5 namlH YKpamrCKaH naJIHIDm;y YKp8HHCKyro BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT no rOCT 27842-88113 IIIIIeHII'I- HOM MyKli BbIcillero, I II II COpTOB. llaJIHlllIQa YKpaHHCKaH npegCTaBnHeT co60M xne6 nop;oBbrn oKpyrnoH 4>OpMbI C O)J;lillM nplillOAHHTbIM B BlI,D;e K03bIpbKa Hagpe30M Ha 3/4 OKPYX<- Hocm. Macca naJIHHlIn;bI OT 0,75 p;o 1,0 Kr. OpHeHmpoBO'lHbIH )J;lIaMeTp naJIHHl!IJ;bI MaccoM i,o Kr 113 MyKli BbICillero II I COpTOB - 22-26 CM, 113 MyKH II copTa - 18-22 CM. TecTo MO)J(}I() roTOBIiTh nI06bIM cnoco60M, npllMeHHeMbIM 1J)IH npHl'o- TOBneHIDI me6a 113 nIIIeHlI'IHOH MyKIi. npep;nO'lTHTenbHbIMH HBnHIOTCH onapHbIii:, Ha 6onbIIIoM rYCTOM onape II YCKopeHHble cnoco6bI (Ta6rr. 108). TecTo Ha KMK3 rOTOBHT B OP;HY CTa)J;lllO lIJIli B )];Be: KMK3 1'1 TeCTO HITII KMK3, onapa II TeCTO C Hcnonb30BaHlieM B Ka'leCTBe pa3pbIXJIHTenH )l(HP;- KlIX lIJIlI npeccoBalllibIX p;po)!()l(eif. llpH nplirOTOBneHllII TeCTa B OJUIY CTa)J;lllO B ManIJmy p;0311pYlOT MY- KY, KMK3, coneBoif pacTBop. p;po)J()I(H npeccoBaHHbIe HITH )K!Ip;KlIe H npo- 1I3BO.D;HT 3aMec p;o nonY'IeHHH OAHopoAHoif MaCCbI. llpH npHroTOBnemm TeCTa B p;Be c'tap;IIH CHa'lana 1'13 MYKII, KMK3 II p;p0)!()l(eif rrpeccoBaHHbIx IITIIi )l(HP;KIIX 3aMenIJmalOT orrapy, B BbI6pO>KellliYlO onapy P;03HPYlOT coneBoif pacTBop, MYKY H BOP;Y 1'1 npOH3BO)J;HT nepeMeIillI- BaRHe p;o nonY'IeHllH OJUIopoP;Hoif MaCCbI (Ta6IT. 107). 200 201 
Ta6nllua 108 Kan:aq capaTOBcKHit H8IiMeHOBaHIiC CbIpbH, Pacxo;:< CblpbH II napaMC'lpbI npOIJ;CCca no CTaJJ.llHM norryq,a6pIiKaTOB II no- Kag,nerrCH np.OIJ,CCca o napa pag;:<em<a MYKa nIliCIiH'IHa.H XJJc60- 45-55 53-43 2,0 nCKapIiaJI BbICillCro lIJIlI ncpBoro capTOB, Kr MYKa nIlleHH'IIiaJI XJJcGo- 45 -55 53-43 2,0 neKapIia5I BTOporo capTa, Kr .IIpo)jOKJ! xne60neKapIibIc 2,0 1,0 npeC'COB 3IilIbIe, Kr Conb IIODapeIiIia5I nllIUe- 1,5 1,5 BaJI, Kr Bop;a, Kr 28-35 no pac- 30-35 IIO pac- 'IeTY 'ICTY Onap3:J Kr DOl BCJI TeMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbHa5I, 27 -29 29-30 26-28 27 -29 °c npOAonJKJ1TeJlbHOCTh Gpo- 210-240 60-70 210-240 50-60 )l(eIillJI, Milll KHCJlOTIIOCTh KOHC'IHa5I 3,0-4,0 3,5 -4,5 onapbl,rpap; KlIcnOTIiOCTh KoHC'lHa5I 3,5 4,5 TCCTa,rp3,D" HC 60ncc Kana'! capaToBcKHH BI>lpa6aThlBaIOT no rOCT 27842-88 H3 MJ'KH mne. HH'IHOii: BI>ICIlle-ro IDIH nepBoro COpTOB. Kana'! Bl>meKaIOT llITJ'IHI>IM, 4>OpMOBI>IM Maccoii: OT 0,75 pp 1,6 Kr. TecTo MO:>KHO roTOBHTh nI061>IMH cnoco6aMH, npHMeHHeMbIMH PlUi npH- rOTOBneHIDI xne6a H3 mneHH'IHOM M}'KH. llpep;n:O'!THTeJlI>HhIMH JIBnHIOTCH CnOC061>I Ha 6onl>IllOM rYCTOii: H )j(H,IJ;KOii: onape (TaM. 109). rOToBoe TeCTO p;enHT Ha p;enHTeJlbHl>lX Manrn:Hax, oKpyrmlIOT H nocne oKpyrneHIDI 3aroToBKH TeCTa )'KJIaAblBaIOT B 4>OpMbI H HanpaBnHIOT Ha pac- CTOMKY. llpop;on)j(HTenbHOCTb paccTOii:KH 50-70 MHH. 113p;enHH BbmeKaIOT B ro4>PHpoBaHHI>IX IDIH maAKHX KpyrnbIx 4xJPMax B YBna)KHCHHoii: neKapHoii: KaMepe npH TeMTIepaType 250-260° C. llpop;on- )KHTeJlbHOCTh BbmC'lKH Kana'!a capaToBcKoro MaCCOM 0,75 Kr COCTaBnHeT 40-50 MHH, a MaccoM 1,6 Kr - 50-55 MHH. PClIcnTYPbI H peJKHMbI IIpHrOTOBJlCHlI5I reCTa onapHbIM ClIOco60M ,QJUI na5IHHlIIIbI YKpallHCKOH rOTOBoe TeCTO p;emfT Ha p;enH'renbHhIX MaIIJJmax. QKpymcHHe 3arOTOBOK :>KeJlaTCnbHO OCYCCTBnHTh Ha 2-x rrocnep;oBa- TcnbHO YCT<lHOBneHlIbIX oKpyrnHTenHx. ,1J,JiH ynY'lIIIeHIDI Ka'!eCTBa H3p;cmrn TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH rrocne rrepBo- ro oKpyrneHI1Jl :>KenaTCnbHO rro}J,BcpraTh rrpeABapHTcnbHoii: pacCToii:Ke, KO- TOpaH MO:>KeT ocyeCTBJUITbCH Ha TpaHCrrOpTepHblX neHTax IDIH p;pyrHX YCTpoii:CTBax. llpop;omKHTcnbHocTb OKOH'IaTCnbHoii: paccToii:KH TCCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK 25-40 MIDI. PaccTOii:Ka HerronHaH, 'IT06bl o6eCrrC'-IHTb rrpH BbmC'lKe 06pa:30- BaH,I1C xapaJ<TepHoro rrop;pbIBa. TIcpcp; IlOCa.D;ICoii: B ne'll> 3arorOBKH onpoKIIAbIBaIOT H COOKY p;cnaIOT rrop;pe3 Ha ypoBHe 3/4 paccTOHHIDI OT HH:>KHeii: KOpKH PlIHHOii: He MCHee 3/4 OKPY:>KHOCTH H my6IDIoM 20-25 MM. TIpH rrop;pC3C HO:>K p;On:>KCH 6bITh B HaKJIOHHOM rronO:>Kemm:. Ib,IJ;cmIH BbmeKaIOT Ha rrop;y B YBna)l<HcHHOM rrcKapHoM KaMcpe rrpH reM- rrepaTYpc 190-210° C. YBna:>KHeHlIe KaMepbI o6H3areJIbHO PlIH rronyqeHI1Jl xopoIllcro K03bIpbKa Ha IlOBcpxHocrH H3P;CJIHll. TIpop;omKlfTeJIbHOCTh BbmC'lKli nanRbI cocraBnHeT 46-52 MHH. 203 202 
0\ o - '" ::f :.: r:; \0 '" I-< .l04 o ..  u III 12 '"  '"  a :0:    J:: o !S '" ... u » .. ==  :0:  == !E '" :0: '" ... u .. ... II: == :.: .. r:; III 12 o .. == go :;; '" ==   == :;;  J:: .. ::f  "  '" ... u =: " '" 10 o u o J:: u o J:: '" u u '" ::I o "" J:: :;; "" ... '" " '" "" '" J:: =: II: a. :;; u J:1 o >< u '" "" Q)  J:: o '" .=: r:>. o 2 ::; 0 >. .. - '=:  .. I:: S 13_ '" "" !:'! o '=: 0_ a == !E '" = =: III  '"  """, IOu "u -So'" >.::1 1::0 0"" J::J:: -'=: II: '" .. I:: ""'" :a = u '" "'''' :o: ::8 o = '" " =: '" :t '" .. '" :0: '" 3 .;  \0 :;; * '"   :: ;   {   i  ..  Ut; Q) t::t( t:{ot::(l) S :a   :g",  >IS: 5ii5:S >:... t:: :a @UO>O) 8 0  ..  88 t>' t8&J:O: 0::. :0:"':;;:;; :.:....13"'''' i  gJ i'i31:>. 8.... gg 8g:::....g,r:;iSiS CUf-4arE::aog  8. r:; t1  '"   8.  u  1={8a8t::::2::2  u '" ... o M I I I o v o <- I o '"  u '" ... '" "" '" J:: o  u '" ... V') '" I I I V') <- - '" "" '" J:: o V') M I V') '"  u '" ... I- '" "" '" r:: o .... :0: >. ... Q) "lr;5q -' [N  N o t:: "1 C'\ M 1 I I I o M o M I I o v >. ... Q) VlEq5Q -' [-, j:Q N o t:: o <-0 I . 0- '" C'\ M I I I I o M >. ... '" v;.t;Q5Q ...-I 8.N t.Q N o t:: "1 V') V') I I I I V') M V') '" I V') <- >. ... Q) "lEq5Q -'8.-'N o t:: V') MO I . V')- '" V') V') I I I I V') M ApHayr KHeBCKHH '" 0 MV I I 0\ 0 '" N o ..; ApHayr KHeBCKHH BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT no fOCT 27842-88 H3 M)'KH IllIIeHIf1I- HOii: II capTa. ApHaYT KHeBCKHH npeAcTaBnHeT co60ii: H3AenHe KpyrnoH 4>OpMbI C ABy- MH - TpeMH CJ1HnaMH, C M)''lliHCTOii: nOBepXHOCThIO. BbIlIYCKaeTCJI MaccoH OT 0,5 AO 1,1 Kr. OpaeHTH]JOBOqHbIH AHaMeTp apHayra Maccoi1 0,5 Kr 13-17 CM, Maccai11,0 Kr - 18-22 CM. TecTo )J;JIH apHaY'ra KHeBCKoro MO)KHO rOTOBHTb m06bIMH cnoco6aMH, npHMeIDIeMbIMH )J;JIH npHrOTOBneHlliI xne6a H3 IIIIIeHH'llioii: M}'KH. npeAIIoq- THTenbHbIM HBnHeTCH cnoco6 Ha oii: onape (Ta6n. 110). ","1 1'1'1 '<too '" 00 . _v '" 0 MV V') ,Lb I ..; N '" ",:2c::. '" '" V') I I I vOV') '" v - ",v l' a G JI II U a 110 '" 0 M '" I I 00 0 '" v c::. v PClICllTypa II peJKHM npHrOTOBJleHIUI TeCTa Ha )l(HAKOH onape ,QJUI apHaYTa KHeBCKOI'O N"1 M '" v I I I 0000 "'- . ",v Pacxop; CbIpbH H napaMCTpbI npou.ccca no CTaJ];HIIM HaHMCHOBBHHC CbIPbH. norrYclla6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTerrCH npou.ccca )KH,JJ;K all ompa 00 M '" 1 I 00 0 "'v "1 v MYKa nIllCHH'IHaJ! XJ1C60nCKapHaJI II COpTa, Kr .QpO)l()I(Ji XJle60nCKapHbIC npCCCOBaHHbIC, Kr Conb nOBapCHHa5I nllll(CBaH, Kr Bona, Kr Ollapa, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbHM, 0 C nponOJ1)1(lITeJlbHOCTb 6po)l(eHIUI, MHH KHcJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaJI onapbI, rpap; KHcJlOTHOCTh KOHC'IHaJI TeCTa, rpa.D;, HC Goncc 25-35 70-60 5,0 0,5 1,5 35 -50 no pac'IeTy BCH 28-30 28-30 230-250 40-60 5,0-6,0 4,5 oc::. M '" V') I I' I 00 0 V') "'M - ",v 205 
rOTOBoe TeCTO p;emn Ha P;eJIHTeJIbHDIX MallIHHax, nocne '1ero 3arOTOBKH HanpaBnllIOT Ha OK pyrneHHe. lloCJIe oKpymeHHlI 3arOTOBKH 06KaTbmalOT B M}'Ke H HanpaBnlllOT Ha paccTOHKY. nY'lliIall cTpyKTypa nOpHCTOCTH MHKH- ma H q,opMa p;OC11ITaIOTCR npH JJ;BYXKpaTHoM oKpyrneIDIH nocnep;OBaTeJIbHO Ha JJ;BYX oKpyrnHTemrx. llpop;on)l(JnenbHocTb paccTOHKH 45-50 MHH B 3aBH- CHMOCTH 01' MacCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H cnoco6a TeCTOBep;eHllif. llpH nOca}J;Ke B netIb 3arOTOBKH onpoKH,JJ;bmalOT IIIBOM BHH3 Ha nop; nc'lH, BmOTHYIO P;Pyr K p;pyry. Ihp;enHlI BbII!eKalOT B HeYBna)l(}feHHOH neKapHoii KaMepe ne 1 IH npH TeM- neparype 195-215° C. npOp;OmKHTenbHOCTb Bbme'lKH )JlI1I H3p;enHH MaCCOH 0,5 Kr 35-40 MHH, MaccoH 1,0 Kr 45-50 MHH. Kana'l yp3JILCKlm llpo()O/lJ/CeHue TaM. 111 HaHMeHOBaHliC CblphR, nOlIya6pHI<aTOB If nCKa3aTelIeH npou.ccca PaCxoJl; ChIphR H napaMeT- pbI npou.ccca no CTaJl;HJIM onapa TeCTO KHcnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaJI onapbI, rpap;: J]JIH H3i:J,CJlHfi 113 MYKII ncpBoro COpTa J]JIH H3i:J,eJJlIn 113 MYKII BTOporo COpTa KHCJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaJI TeCTa, rpa,D" HC 60nec: J]JIH H3p;eJIHn 113 MYKII nepBoro copTa )I,)IH 1I3i:J,cnufi 113 MYKH BTOporo copTa 3,5-4,0 4,0-5,0 3,5 4,5 q,opMoBaHHe Ta6J1l1ua 111 LJ:eJIeHHe II oKpyrnemle TeCTa ocymecTBnlllOT MalllliHaMH, H3p;enHii: - BPY'lHyro. ,II,n1l ynY 1 IIneHllif Ka'!eCTBa H3p;enHH eneco06pa3HO nocne oKpyrneHIDI 3arOTOBKaM }1aBaTb npe}J,BapHTenbH)'1O paCCTOHKY B Te'!eHHe 3-5 Mill!'. nOCJIe npeJJ;BapHTenbHoH paccTOHKH 3aroToEKH pacKaTbmalOT B >KrYT H CKpeIIJIlIwJ: B BH,JJ;e KonbI.(a. IIIHpmm >Krym,!J)IlI H3p;enHH MaCCOH 1,0 Kr npH- MepHo 5,5-6,0 CM; 0,5 Kr - 4,0-4,5 CM. CKpeIUleHHC npoH3BO)J;J!T CJIeAYIOI.IUiM 06pa30M. OgHH KOHe )lCrYTa na- P;OHblO npaBOH P)'KH paCIDlIOll.\HBaIOT B neneliIKy, HaKJIa}1.LIBaIOT cBepxy Ha p;pyroH KOHe >KTyrn H CKpemUIIOT C nponrnonOHO>KHOH CTOpOHbI, 3aTeM c.ilerKa 3aKaTLIBaI{)T. CcpopMOBaHHbIe Kana'lH YKJ1a.D;bmaIOT Ha JIlfCTbI, npeJJ;BapHrenbIIO CMa3aHHDIe paCTHTeJIbHbIM MaCJIOM. PaCCT01IHHe Me>KJI.Y 113P;eJIHHMH Ha JIHCTaX p,on)l(}fo 6bITh He MeHee 5-6 CM, '1T06bI B npoecce paCCTOHKH 11 Bbme'IKH He 06pa30BanOCb npHT;rCKOB. . npop;omIarrerrbHOCTh paCCTOHKH J:eCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK MaCCOH 1,0 Kr - 40-50 MHH, 0,5 KI' - 50-60 MHH. . llpu OTCYTCTBHH cnewranbHbIX KaMep H3}J,eJIlUI CJIegyeT nOKpbIBaTh TKa- HblO )JlI1I npcp:oxpaIIeHlffi 01' 3aBeTpIffiaHIDI. l13p:emm BbIIICKaIOT B YBnaJKHeHHoH neKapHoH KaMepe. Kana'lH MaCCOH 1,0 Kr BbIIIeKaIOT 20-25 MHH npH TCMIIepaType 220-240° C, MaCCOH 0,5 Kr - 13-15 MHH npH TeMIIepaType 240-260° C. Kana'l yparrbcKIDi BbIpa6aTbmaIOT no rOCT 27842-88 113 M}'KH llliIeHH'I- HOH I IDIH II co pTOB. Kana'l yp3JIbCKIDi npep;CTaBnlleT C060H lllT)"IHoe H3p;eJIHe B BHp;e KOnei.( MaCCOH 1,0 H 0,5 Kr. Kana'! yp3JIbCKIDi MaCCOH 0,5 Kr HMeeT OpHeHTHpOBO'lHbIH p;HaMeTp Konba 19-22 CM H IillIPHHY >Kryrn 7-8 CM, Kana'! MaccoH 1,0 Kr coomeT- cmeHHO 27-28 CM H 9-10 CM. TecTo MO)l(}fO rOTOBHTh nI06bIMH cnoco6aMH, npHHHTbIMH JJ)I1I npHrOTOB- neHIDI xrre6a H3 IIIlIeHH'lHOH M}'KH. llpeHMyIUecTBeHHbIMH HBnHIOTCR onap- HDIH H Ha )I(li}J;KOH orrape (Ta6n. 111). PeuenTypa H peiKlIM npHTOTOBnCHlUI TCCTa onapHbIM cnoco60M J1J1H Kana'la ypaJIbCKorO PaCXOJl; ChIphH H napaMCT- pbI npou.ecca no CTaAHlIM Xne6 H 6aTOHbI KpaCIIOCeJIbCKHe Xne6 II 6aTOHDI KpaCHOCeJIbCKHe BbIpa6aThmalOT nb rOCT 27842-88. Xnc6 BbmeKalOT npop;onroBaTOoQBaJIbH0H IDIH oKpyrnoH 4xJPMbI H3 nllleHl!:'lHOll MyKl!: nepEoro 1DIl!: BTOpDro COpTOB MaCCOH 0,8-0,9 Kr; 6aTOHbI KpaCHOCeJIbCKHe - npoP:OJ1rOEQTO-oBaJIbHOH q,OpMbI 1I3 M}'KH nllle- HH'lHOH nepBoro copTa Maccoll 0,42 Kr. OpIICHT11pOBO'IHbIe pa3MepbI JJ)I1I H3,o;eJIliH npop;onroBaTooQBrJIhHOH 4:lOpMbI; MaCCOll C,8 Ki': JJ)IHHa 30-34 CM, IlillpJIHa 15-17 CM; MacCOH 0,42 Kr: JJ)I1'lHa 27-31 CM, llillpHHa 9-11 CM; opneHmpoBO'!Hhm roraMeTp KpYUIOro xne6a MaccoH 0,8 Kr 16-20 CM. TecTO roTOBHT onapHbIM cnoco60M lUll!: ):\pyrm,n:I, peKoMeHgyeMbIMH lJlIlI npoH3Bop;crna xrre6a H3 IIIlIeHH'lliOH M}'KH (Ta6JI. 112). HaHMCHOBaHHe ChIpbR, nOlIy4la6pHI<aTOB H nOKa3aTeJJCH npou.ecca onapa TCCTO MYKa nlI1CHlI'lHM XJlC60nCKapHa5I I lIJIlI II COPTOB, Kr .QpO)l()I(lf XJlC60nCKapHbIC npCCCOBaHHbIe, Kr Conb nOBapCHHM nllIl\CBM, Kr BoAa, Kr Onapa, Kr naTOKa, Kr MacJlo nOACOnHC'IHOC, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbHa5I, 0 C npOAOJl)l(lfTCJlbHOCTb 6po)l(eHlIH, MlIH 206 45-55 1,0 55 -45 25-35 1,5 no paC'ICTY BCH 3,0 2,0 29-31 50-90 28-30 180-240 207 
f'I - - '" ::I :51 c:; 10 '" Eo-<   .. 5 ...  <.> '"  III !S  '" 10 == '" 'g   :51  10 e g ...  :is :I: a  '" ... <.> '" ... gj :I: '" c:; III  e ==  c:    :I: os  e 5'  208 '" 0. eo c:  0 ,== u '"   ...  u » 1:1 .. - f! ,== u  '" == ... c.  t::  '" S 0 10 0 !2 u 0 I:: u 0 '" 0 I:: C. ... u ., eo '" u I:: ... ... 0 '" ::r ,== 0 0  0.  I:: :ii ., c. * c. ... G! ., '" I::  0 ., c.  == II: 0  ... u  '"  ... 1:1 0 ;.: -  c. ... !!! eo p., 0 eo c. !'! 0 '5 5 ... ., a  0 c: == III 0 ... .,  c.., u -& »r.I t:: 0 00. c: I:: 111' ... !i u '"  ! ., : III 0 . ;.: Q)  ., ::c >. ... <'I 00 0 Q) M V')"'tl:O M '<t'<t V') V') I .. 0 0 .. I I I I I M 0 ..... MO'\ 00 V 0 <'I <'I <'I c: 00 qq 0 \D \D r- r- r- q M <'I <'I <'I 1'1 I I I I I I I I I I 0 <'I V 00 00 \D M <'I 00 00 ..; ..... .... i=' 00 V') '" 0 \D "liSf:jqi \D \D "1"l I I I I I V') .....  t.Q M 00 00 MV r- g <'I v'<t 00 00 V) 0 0 \DV') V;..5 M q V') M <'I <'I "1 I I I I I I I I I I I V') 0 00 00 qq <'I M <'I V M vV') <'I <'I >. ... 00 V') '" 0 1 "lr;\5qi '" '" V') V') I I I I to'; V') ...... ",NOO 00 V') 0 <'I \D \D c: 00 qq V') V') '" vv V') q M <'I <'I <'I 1'1 I I I I I I I I I I V') 0 r- 00 qq V M <'I 00 00 M V ..... ..... Pa3pemaeTCH B Ka'leCTBe pa3pblXJIHTeJlH IIpHMeHHTb )KH)J;KHe .IJ;]X))IOKH B CO'leTaHHH C IIpeCCOBaHHbIMH )JlIH H3.IJ;eJIHll: H3 MyKH IIepBoro copTa HJIH TOJIbKO )l(}f)J.KHe )JlIH H3.IJ;eJIHll: H3 MyKH BToporo copTa. fOTOBoe TeCTO .IJ;eJIHT Ha .IJ;eJIHTeJIbHbIX MaIllHHax H OKpyrJIHIOT, a H3- .IJ;eJIHH IIpo.IJ;OJIrOBaTooQBaJIbHOH: 4>OpMbI H 6aTOHbI .IJ;OIIOJIHHTeJIbHO HanpaB- muOT B 3aKaTO'lH}'lO MaIIlHHY. C4>opMOBaHHble reCTOBble 3aroTOBKH HaIIpaBJIHIOT Ha paccTOMKY. TIpo- 1J,omKHTeJIbHOCTh paCCTOID<H )JlIH 6aTOHOB MaCCOH: 0,42 Kr COCTaBJIHeT 30- 40 MHH, a)JlIH xne6a MacCOM 0,8 Kr - 40-50 MHH. TIepe.IJ; IIOca.IJ;KOH: B IIe'Th Ha paccToHBlllliXCH 3aroToBKax IIpo.IJ;OJIrOBaTO- OBaJIbHOH: 4>OpMbI .IJ;eJIalOT 3-6 l<OCbIX Ha.,u:pe3a, a)JlIH H3.IJ;eJIHH KpyrnoH 4>OpMbI - 1-3 Ha.,u:pe3a. fJIy6HHa Ha.IJ;pe30B 3aBHCHT OT Ka'leCTBa TeCTa H CTeIIeHH paCCTOMKH. 113.IJ;eJIHH BbllIeKaIOT Ha no.IJ;y B )'BJIa>KHeHHOH neKapHOM KaMepe IIe1JH IIPH TeMIIeparype 210-230° C. TIpo.IJ;OJI)KHTeJIbHOCTh BbIIIetJKH 6aTOHOB 20-24 MHH, xne6a H3 M)'KH IImeHH'IHOH IIepBoro copTa 30-4D MHH, H3 M}'KH BTOporo copTa - 40-50 MHH. Xne6 rop'lH'lHhlli 8 8. g III :51    e :.:: a  I f![[f![ oj 8 .or:>. 8 f'Poo is.... 8"''':-8 .8'"  &: u===  c: 0 *:5I:5I:5I:5I:5I0: c:  8. ..8 =-=s \O::>:oj::>:::>:oj::>:::>:  Po ==  .. M M = M M = M M X  c:  t :51 0:  :51 0:  :51 0: II: II: "'o=x oj - oj 2 '"  :51 :51 0 0: :51 0 :51 :51 g; 5 .;5 ii! c:; :'::''''MM'''MM'''MM  x '"  8 i='  :51 0: g :51 0: go:o: 3 g    :.::  '"  tI: II:  tI: II:  II: tI: ;c:@aaoaaoaa :'::"'R"':EO 5 5 8\:r888t3' :2 :2 Xne6 rop1JH1IHbIM Bblpa6aTbIBalOT no fOCT 27842-88 H3 M}'KH IImeHH'i- HOH BblcIIIero H IIepBoro COpTOB C .IJ;06aBJIeHHeM rop1JH1IHoro Macna. Xne6 rop'lH'lHbIH BblIIeKaIOT I}xJpMOBbIM MacCOH 0,5-1,0 Kr H IIO.IJ;O- BbIM OKpyrJIOM WIll npO.IJ;OJIrOBaTOoQBaJIbHOM I}xJpMbI MaccoM 0,5-0,8 KI'. OpHeHrnpoBO'lHhle pa3MepbI XJ1e6a rOp'lH'llIDrO npo.IJ;OJIrOBaTooQBaJIbHOH 4>OpMbI MacCOH 0,8 KI': ):I;rlliHa 29-33 CM, n.mpHHa 14-18 eM, MacCOH 0,5 KI': )JlIHHa 26-30 CM, n.mpHHa 9-13 CM. TecTO MO>KHO roTOBHTb JIlO6bIMH cnoco6aMH, IIpHMeIDleMbIMH )JlIH IIpH- rOTOBJIeHIDI xne6a H3 IIIIIeHH'lHOM M}'KH. TIpe}J;l10'ITHTeJIbHbIMH )JlIH XJ1e6a H3 M)'KH BblCIIIero copTa RBlts1lOTCH orrapHbIH, a iJ)1H XJ1e6a H3 M)'KH nepBorp copTa - onapaPrii: H Ha >ICH,JJ,KOH onape (Ta6rr. 113). 209 
Ta6nHua 113 Pacxap; CbIpbJl H napaMeTpbI npOI\CCca no cncc06aM H CTa,lJ;lIJ1M Xne6 p;OMaIillIlm rrpep;CTaBJIHeT co60H rrop;OBoe lllTJ'lHOe H3p;eJIHe MaCCOH 0,8 H 0,4 Kr oKpymoH IIDH rrpoP;OJIrOBaTO-QBaJIbHOH cpOpMbI C Ha- KOJIaMll Ha BepXHeM KopKe. OpHeHTIipoBO'llible pa3Mepbl XJIe6a rrpop;OJIroBaTO-QBaJIbHOM 4>OpMbI MaCCOM 0,8 Kr: p;'ilHHa 30-32 CM, IIDIpHHa 15-17 CM; MaCCOH 0,4 Kr: 1J,11HHa 27-29 CM, IIDIpHHa 8-9 CM. ,D,HaMeTp Kpymoro XJIe6a: MaccoH 0,8 Kr - 17-19 CM, MaccoM 0,4 Kr - 14-16 CM. PCI.\enTypa II pCJKlIM IIpHI'OTOBneHlIH TCCTa onapHblMH cnoco6aMII AJIII xne6a rop'lH'lHOI'O HaHMCHOBaHlIC CbIphJl, norry$a6pHKa- 'I'OB 11 nOK83aTerreH npOI\ccca anapHhIH anapa I TeCTa Ha >Kli,IJ;KOH onapc onapa I TeCTO fOTOBoe TeCTO p;errHT Ha p;errHTeJ1bHbIX MaIlIHHaX, rrOCJ1e 'lero 3arOTOBKH TeCTa p;nH cpOpMOBOro XJIe6a }'Krra;rJ;bIBaIOT B cpopMbI H HanpaBJ1HIOT Ha pac- CTOi'n<y, a 3arOTOBKH 1J,11H rrop;OBoro XJIe6a HarrpaBJIHIOT Ha oKpyrrremle. J].rrH rrorrY'leH1lH rrop;OBblX H3p;emm npop;OJIrOBaTO-oBaJIbHOM cpopMbl reCTOBble 3aro'IOBKH rrOCJIe p;eJIemiH H oKpyrJIeHlffi HanpaBJIHIOT B 3aKaTO'I- HYIO MaIlIHHY. npop;OJI)!(HTeJI!>HOC'Ib paccTOi'n<H TeCTOBblX 3aroTOBoK OT 35 p;o 45 MHH. nepep; rrOCa)J;KOM B rreqr, Ha paccToHBIllHXCH 3arOTOBKax 1J,11H rrop;OBoro XJIe6a p;eJIaIOT HeCKOJIbKO KOCblX Ha.u;pe30B IIDH HaKOJIOB. Ibp;enHH BbIJ1eKaIOT B yaJIa)I(HeHHOM rreKapHoM KaMepe rre 1 IH npH TeMTIe- parype 195-235°C. npop;omK"ITenbHOCTb BbIlIe'lKH XJIe6a rop'lH'lHoro 4>opMoBoro MaCCOM 1,0 Kr - 40-45 MHH; rrop;OBoro MaCCOM 0,8 Kr - 33-35 MllH, MaCCOM 0,5 Kr - 25-30 MUH. MYKa nlI1CHH'lHM XJlc60ncKapHa5l, Kr BbICillCro copTa I COpTa A!JO)l()I(lf XIIc60ncKapHbIc npecconaH- HbiC, Kr CoJib nonapCHHa5I IIlIll\CBaJI, Kr Bolla, Kr Caxap-nCCOK, Kr Macno ro p'lli'IHOC, Kr Ollapa, Kr TCMITcpaTypa Ha'laJlbHM, 0 C npOnOJl)!(llTeJ1bHOCr" 6PO)l(CHIUI, Mlli-I KHcnoTHOCTb KOHC'IHaJI olIapbI, rpaA KHcnornocTb KOHC'lHa5I TCCTa, rpap;, He 60nce l' a 6 n II u a 114 45-55 55-45 2,0 25-35 1,0 PCI.\CnTypa II pe)!(llM npllTOTOBnCHlIH TeCTa onapHblM cnoco60M AJIII xne6a nOMaWHero 65 -75 25 -32 1,5 no pac'IeTY 6,0 6,0 BCJI 29 -30 60-90 1,5 no pac'IeTY 6,0 8,0 !JC5I 29-30 40 -60 MYKa nlI1CHH'lHM XJlc60ncKapHM I COpTa, Kr .lJ,po)j()I(lf XJlC60nCKapHbIc npeCCOBaIIHbIC, Kr Conb nOBapcHHM U"HI.I.\enaJI, Kr Bona, Kr Onapa, Kr Caxap-nccoK, Kr MOJloKO I.\CJ1bHOC, Kr* TCMncpaTypa Ha'laJlbHaJI, 0 C IIponoJl)l(lfTCJlbHOCTh 6PO)l(eHHH, MHH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'lHM onapbI, rpaA KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaJI TeCTa, rpap;, He 60nee onapa TeCTO 45-55 55-45 1,0 1,5 30-31 no pac'leTY nCH 3,0 25,0 28-29 29-30 210- 240 60-90 3,5-4,0 3,0 35-55 Pacxop; ChIpbJl 11 napaMeT- HaHMeHOBaHHC CbIpbJl, narry$a6pllKaToB H nOKa3aTeneH pbI npOIl.CCca no. CT3,IJ;HHM npOI\eCca 28-30 210-240 2,5-3,5 28-30 240-260 4,0-4,5 3,0 3,0 * MonoKo l.\eJlbHOC nonHOCTbIO lIJIlI'IaCTH'lHO MO)!(110 BHOClITb B onapy. XJIe6 p;oMallIHllli Tec'Io ro'IOBHT OrrapHbIMH crroco6aMH lfJIH p;pyrHMH cnoco6aMH, npHM:e- HHeMbIMH 1J,11H rrpHI'OTOBJIeHlffi XJIe6a H3 IIllIeHH'lHOH MyKH (Tafirr. 114). fOTOBoe recTO p;enHT Ha KYCKH YCTaHOBrreHHOM MaCCbl MallIHHaMH lfJIH BPY'IHYIO. TIepep; cpOpMOBKOH reCTOBble 3aroTOBKH eJ1eC006pa3HO rro.D;Bep- ran oKpymeHHIO. ,lJ,nH rronY'leHllil H3p;emm rrpop;onroBaTO-QBaJIbHOH 4>OpMbI reC'IOBble 3arOTOBKH nocne p;eneHIDl H oKpyrJIeHIDl HanpaBJIHIOT B 3aKaTO'lHYIO Ma- IIDIHy. npop;omKIITerrbHOCTb OKOH'laTenbHoH paccTOHKH 30-40 MHH. BbIlIeKaIOT H3p;enHH Ha rropY, p;orrycKaeTCH Bbme'lKa Ha nHCTax. TIpH Bbl- ne'm:e Ha nopY paccTOHBIllHecH 3arOTOBKH IIpH nocaro<e B rreqr, nepeKJIa;rJ;bl- BaIOT lllBOM ImH3. TIe pep; noCa)J;KOH H3p;eJIHH HaKaJIbmaIOT p;epeBIDlHoH lIIDIIDbKOH. Y.ne6 P;OMannrniI BbIpa6aThIBaIOT B COO'IBeTCTBHll C fOCT 9512-60 H3 IUlleHH'lIIOM MYKH rrepnoro copTa C p;06aBneHHeM eJ1bHOrO MonOKa. 210 211 
llpoAOn:>KHTenbHOCTb Bbme'lKH )J;JIH H3Aemm MacCOH 0,4 Kr COCTaBnHeT 22-25 MHH, a MaccoH 0,8 Kr - 30-35 LVllIH npH TeMneparype YBna)!(HellliOH neKapHoH KaMepbl 210-220° C. Xrre6 MOnO'lHbrn: Xne6 MOnO'llibIH Bblpa6aTbIBalOT no rOCT 10074-69 1'13 MYKH Bblciliero 1'1 nepBoro COpTOB C Ao6aBneHHeM MonOKa cpOpMOBblM MaCCOH 0,4 Kr 1'1 1'13 M}'KH nepBoro 1'1 BToporo COpTOB nOAOBblM MaccoH 0,8 KL llOAOBblH xne6 HMeeT npoAonroBaTO-oBaJIbHYID lDIH oKpyrnyw CPOPMY. TecTo roTOBHT onapHbIM cnoco60M (Tafirr. 115) 1'1 YCKopeHHblM Ha ARC- neprHpoBaHHOH 4>a3e. l' a 6 n H U a 115 PenTypa II PC)l(lIM npllrDTOBJleHHJI TCCTa onapHi>IM CnoCOGOM AJIH XJIe6a MOJlO'lHOrO Xrre6 noneccKHit Xrre6 noneCCKHH Bblpa6aThIBalOT no rOCT 12267-661'13 M}'KH IIIIleHH'l- HOH BblCiliero copra nOAOBblM MaccoH 0,2 1'1 0,4 Kr C Ao6aBneHHeM MOnOKa cyxoro 06e3:>KHpeHHOrO, caxapa, >KIIpa 1'1 Apyroro CblpbH. <I>opMa xne6a npoAonroBaTaH C oKpyrneHHbIMH KounaMH 1'1 C 5 -6 HaApe- 3aMH. TecTo MO:>KHO roTOBHTh nlO6blMH cnoco6aMH, npHM:eHHeMbIMH )J;JIH npH- rOTOBneHlliI xne6a 1'13 ITIlIeHH'IHOH MyKH. llpegnO'lrnrenbHblMH HBnHIOTCH OnapHbrn, Ha.6oITbiliOH rYCTOH onape 1'1 6e30napHbrn (Tafirr. 116). Ta6nllua 116 Pemypa II pCJKlIM npllfOTOBJIeHIUI TeCTa onapHblM H 6e30napHblM CnOC06aMH ,lJ;JUI xJle6a nOJIeccKoro HalIMCHOBBHHe CbIpbH, PBCXOP; CbIpbH H napBMcTpbI npouccca no CTBrolHM nonyq,a6pHKBTOB H no- KB3BTCJICH npoucccB onapB TCCTO MYKa nillCHlI'IHaJ1 XJlc60- nCKapHaJ1, Kr: BbICillCro COpTa 45 -55 55-45 I COpTa 45 -55 55-45 II COpTa 45-55 55-45 J4x>)I()I(lf XJlC60nCKapHbIe 2,0 0,5 1,3 npeccOBaHHbIC, Kr Conb nOBapeHHM ITlIIIIC, 1,5 1,5 1,5 BaJ1, Kr Boj1a, Kr 32- 35 no 20-25 no 15-20 no paC'ICTY pac'IcTY paC'ICTY Onapa, Kr BCH BCH BC51 Caxap-nccoK, Kr 2,0 IIaTOKa, Kr 2,0 MOJloKO cyXOC UCJlbHOC, 10,0 Kr MOJlOKO I.\CJ1bHOC, Kr 10,0 10,0 15,0 15,0 Ha'laJlbHaJI TeMIICpaTypa, 28-29 29 -30 28-29 29-30 28-29 29-30 DC IIpol1on)l(lfTenbHocTb 6po- 210-240 60-90 210-240 70-80 210-240 60- 90 )l(CHIUI, MlIH KHcJlornocTb KOHC'lHaJ1 2,5-3,5 3,5 -4,0 4,5-5,0 onapbI, rpal1 KHcnornocTb KOHe'IHaJ1 3,5 3,5 4,0 TeCTa, rpM, HC 60ncc HallMCHOBBHHC CbIpbH, nonyq,B6pHKBToB II nOKa3BTemm npOl.\eCCB MYKa nlI1CHlI'lHaJI XJlC60ncI<apHM BblClI1erO copTa, Kr .D;pO)l()l(H XIIc60ncKapHbIe npeccOBaIlHbIC, Kr Conb nOBapCHHa51 ITHIIIeBa5l, Kf Bona, Kr Onapa, Kr Caxap-nccoK, Kf MaprapllH CTOJlOBbIil C COnCp)l(aHHCM )l(lIpa 82%, Kr MonOKO cyxoc 06C3)1(lIpCHHOC, Kr* TCMncpaTypa Ha'laJIbHM, DC IIponon)!(llTeJlbHOCTb 6PO)l(CHHJI, MlIH KHcJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaJI onapbI, rpM KlIcnoTHOCTb KOHe'IHaJ1 TeCTa, rpap;, HC 60ncc * ,l],onYCKaCTCH 3aMeHa 50% cyxoro 06e3)!(l1pCHHoro MOJlOKa Ha 6eJlOK paCTtITeJIb- HbIil nllIIIeBoil B KOJlll'lCCTBC 1,0 Kr. PBCXOP; CbIpbH H napaMeTPbI npouecca no cnoco6aM H CTa)J;HHM onapInoIH 6e30napHbIH onBpB I 45-55 2,0 25-30 TecTO TeCTO 55-45 100,0 2,0 1,5 no paC'leTY 1,5 no pac'IcTY BC5I 3,0 2,0 3,0 2,0 4,0 4,0 28-30 28-30 29-31 210-240 60-90 180-210 2,5-3,5 3,0 3,0 Cyxoe 06e3>KIIpeHHoe MonOKO, 6enOK paCrnTenbHbrn IIHIlteBOH 1'1 Mapra- pHIl BHOCHT B TecTO B BH,IJ;e >KIIpo-MOnO'lHOH 3MyTIbCHH, pemypa KOTOpoH (B Kr Ha 100 Kr MyKH) npHBeAeHa HIDKe: lloCJle AeneHlliI 1'1 oKpyrneHllil reCTOBble 3arOTOBKH HanpaBnHIOT Ha pac- CTOHKY. llpoAOn:>KUTenbHOCTh paCCTOll<H ITOAOBblX H3AenHH 25-45 MHH, <PapMO- BblX - 45-60 MIDI. IIp:momKUTenbHOCTb Bbme'lKH nOAOBblX H3Aeny.H rvmccoH 0,8 Kr 35- 40 MHH npH TeMTIeparype neKapHoH KaMepbl 210-220°C. llpoAOn:>KllTerrb- HOCTb Bbme'lKH 4>OpMOBblX H3AerrHH MaccoH 0,4 Kr 34-36 MIDI. MOJIOKO cyxoc 06C3CHHOC lIJIII . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4,0 (MonoKo cyxoc 06e3)1(lIPeHHOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2,0 6CJlOK pacTlITCJJbHbIH nllIIIeBoil) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1,0 MaprapllH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2,0 BOAa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14,0 212 213 
)l{J.{poMonO<IlIYIO 3M}'JlbCHlO TOTOBlIT H3 npe1J;BapHTenbHO BOCCTaHOBneH- HOrO cyxoro MOnOKa. ,[\)111 3TOrO rOTOBlIT CMeCb MOnOKa H BO)J;bl C TeMIlepa- TypoH 28-30°C B COOTHOmemill 1:2 B 6a'IKe C MeIIIaJIKOH. B Teqelille 1 1J MonOKO Ha6yxaeT, aaTeM CMeCb paa6aBnlllOT BO}:(OH, ADBeM COOTHomelille MonOKa H BO}:(bl 1 :3, H rrepeMeIIIm!alOT 15-20 MIDI. BOCCTaHOBnellllOe MO- nOKO H paCTOIInellllb:rH MaprapIDI rrop;alOT B C6HBaJIbH}'lO MaIl1Imy )J;JI1I IIony- 1JeHIDl )I(llpOMOn01JHOH 3MyrrbCHH. 3aMellIeHHoe TeCTO HMeeT IIOBbImeHH}'lO nHIIKOCTh, KOTopaH HC'le3aeT K KOHIJ;y 6po:>KelillH BCnep;CTBHe Ha6yxaHIDI 6eJ1KOB MonOKa. TecTO }:(enHT MlliIIlIHaMH. TIpH oKpyrnemill 3arOTOBKH reCTa u;enecoo6- pa3HO rrporrycnllD 1Jepe3 ABa IIOCJ1e}:(OBarenbHO pacrrOnO:>KeHIIbIX oKpyrnHTe- mf, rrOCJ1e 'lero 3aroTOBKH rrocTyrralOT B 3aKaT01JHYIO MlliIIlIHY. TIpop;OJ1)KMTenbHOCTb paCCTOHKH COCTaBnHeT 40-60 MIDI. TIepep; rrOCa)J.KOH B rre'Ih Ha pacCTOHBIillIXCH 3arOTOBKax }:(enalOT Ha}:(pe3bl. TIpolJ;OmKIITenbHOCTb Bbme1JKH AJlH H3p;emrn MaccoH 0,4 Kr 28-30 MMH, MaCCOH 0,2 Kr - 18-20 MIDI rrpH reMIlepaType YBna)KHellllOM rrCKapHOH Ka- Mepbl215-235°C. Ta6J1Hua 117 Pel\CnTypa H peJKHM npllrOTOBJlCHHJJ TeCTa Ha )!(RAKOH onape ,lJ;JlJI xnc6a 6cnopyccKoro HaHMCHOBaHIIC CbIpbH, norryq,a6pllKaToB II nOKa3aTCIIeH npou;ccca PaCXOA CbIpbH II napaMeT- pbI npou;ccca no CTaAlliIM onapa TCCTO Xne6 6eJ10pYCCKHH MYKa nlilCHIPJHa5I xnc60ncKaplIM I capTa, Kr ,lJ,ponO;(JJ npCCCOBaHHbIC xnc5ancKapHbIc, Kr COJIb IIOBapcIIHa5I ll1iJueBa5I, Kr BOAa, Kr Onapa, Kr Caxap-neCOK, Kr MaprapllH CTOJlOBbIit C cOAep)l(aHHCM )l(npa 82%, Kr MonoKo CYXOC 06C3)1(HpCIIHOC, Kr TCl\mepaTypa Ha'laJJblIa5I, C C npoJJ:on>KJITCJlb!IOCTh 6po )l(eHIUI, MlIH KIICJJOTHOCn, KOIIC'IHM Onapb!, rpaA KHCnOTHOC1J, KOHe t ma5I TCCTa, rpap;, HC Goncc 25 -35 2,0 75 -65 35 -55 1,5 no pac'IcTY BCH 2,0 2,0 6,0 29-30 40-60 28-29 240-260 4,5-5,0 4,5 Xne6 6c"'10pYCCKHii BbIpa6aTbmalOT IIO fOCT 12792-67 H3 M}'KH IIllIe- HWillOH nepBoro copTa C }:(o6aBnelilleM cyxoro 06e3)KHpellllOro MonOKa. Xne6 6enOPYCCKIrn BbIIIeKalOT clJOpMOBbIM MaCCOH 0,7 Kr Ii rrop;OBbIM oKpyrnoli clJOpMbI MaccoH 0,4 Kr. OpHeHrnpoBO'lHb:rH }J,HaMeTp meGa MaccoH 0,4 Kr 16-17 CM. TecTo roTOBET oIIapHbIM H }:(pyrHMJI clIoco6aMH, rrpIDIHTbIMM B xne60- IIe'leHlliI. TIpeiJ,II01JrnrenbHbIM JfBnHeTClI crroco6 rrplITOTOBlIelillH Ha >Kli)J.KOH orrape (TaM. 117). Cyxoe 06e3)1(llpellllOe MonOKO IDIH 6eJ10K pacTHTenbHbIH rrHeBoH H MaprapHlf MO)!(HO BHOCHTh B BHp;e )f(HpOMOn01JHOH 3M}'JlbCYili rrpr 3aMece Tec- Ta. TIpmoTOBneHHe 3MyrrbCHH oceCTBnHeTC.!I lIO peu;errType, rrpID3e}:(eHHOH B IrnCTpYKWUl Ha xne6 rroneCCKHH. TIoBblIlleHHaH KHCJ10THOCTb TeCTa MO)KeT B03JlliKHYTh 3a C'leT Hcrronb30- BaHlliI cyxoro MonOKa IIOBbIJlleHHOH KHCJ10THOCTH. TIpH :;)TOM KHCJ10THOCTh roTOBhL'( .H3}:(emrn He ADn)KHa rrpeBbnnaTh HOpM, rrpeA}'CMOTpeHHbIX CTaH)J;ap- TOM. fOToBoe TecTO }:(eJ1HT Ha }:(enHTenbHbIX MlliIIlIHax, nocrre 1Jero TeCTOBble aarOTOBKH )J;JIH clJopMoBoro xne6a YKJIa;:J;bmaIOT B clJoPMb! H HarrpaBnHIOT Ha paCCTOHKY, a 3arOTOBKH )J;JIH I1OBOro xne6a HanpaBJ1l1lOT Ha oKpyr- neHHe. OKpyrnemIe 3aroToBoK )J;JI1I IIO}:(OBOro xne6a )KerraTenbHO OCeCTBnHTh Ha 2-x oKpyrmneJ1HX, YCTaHOBneHHbIX rrocrrep;oBanmbl{O. TIpo}:(OJ1:iKMTeJ1bHOCTb paCCTOHKH TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK 30-50 MIDI. 113}:(eJ1Me BbmeKalOT Ha rroA)' IDIH B <PopMax rrpH TeMIlepaType 200- 220°C. . TIpop;On)KlITenbHOCTh Bbme'lKH xne6a 6erropyccKoro rrO}:(OBoro COCTaB- nHeT 30-35 MIDI, <PopMOBOro - 35-37 MlIH. Xne6 CHTHbIH C H31OMOM Xne6 CMTHb!H C H31OMOM Bb!pa6anmalOT rro fOCT 27842-88 H3 mueHH'l- HOH M}'KM BbIcIllero copTa. Xne6 CMTHblii C H31OMOM BbmYCKalOT rrO}:(OBbIM, YMHHellllOoQBaITbHOii clJOPMbI C HaApe3al\lli Ha BepXHeH KopKe. Macca BeCOBoro He 60nee 2,0 Kr, llIT}'1JHOro - 0,95-I,OKr. OpHeHrnpoBO'lHble pa3Mepb! me6a MaCCOH 1,0 Kr: WIJma 30-33 CM, IilllplIHa 15-17 CM. - TecTo rOTOBflT orrapHbIM crroco60M H Ha 6oJIbIllOM rYCTOH onape (TaM. 118). 214 215 
Ta6J1Hua 118 OpHeHrnpoBO'lHbrn AHaMeTp nop;oBoro xrre6a H3 MJKH 1 copTa MaccoH 0,5 Kr 14-18 CM, H3 MyKH 11 COpTa MaCCOH 0,4 Kr - 12-16 CM. Tecm MO)KJIO rOTOBHTb m06bIMH crroco6aMH, rrpmmTbIMH .DlIH rrpHro- TOBJIeHill! xrre6a H3 IllIIeHWJHOH M)'KH (Taoo. 119). fOToBoe TeCTO p;emrr Ha p;eJIHTeJIbHbIX MalllliHax, nOCJIe '1ero 3arOTOBKH TeCTa .DlIH nop;oBoro xne6a HarrpaBJIHIOT Ha oKpyrJIeHHe, a .DlIH 4>OpMOBOro - YKJIaP;bIBaIOT B 4>0 pMbI. OKpyrJIeHHbIe 3aroToBKH .DlIH nOJJ;OBoro xrre6a H 3arOTOBKH B 4xJPMaX rrocTymuoT Ha paCCTOHKY. Pellcmypa H peJKlIM nplIrOTOBneHWI TeCTa onapHblM CnoC060M AJIII XJIe6a cHTHoro C H31OMOM H81IMCHOBaHlle CbIpbH, norrY<P86pm<aToB H nOKa3aTeJleH npouccca Pacxog CbIpbH II napaMeT- pbI npOUCCC8 no CTBgHIIM onapa TCCTO MYKa nlI1eHlI'lHa5I XJlC60neKapHa5I BbICillCro copTa, Kr ,IJpO)l()l(lf XJIC60nCKapHbIC npeCCOBaHHbIe, Kr Conb nOBapCHHa5I nllll(CBa!!, Kr BoAa, Kr Onapa, Kr Caxap-nCCOK, Kr MaprapllH CTOnOBbIfi C COp;ep)l(aHlIeM )!(lIpa 82%, Kr BHHorpaAcYlI1CHb,Kr TCMIIepaTYpa Ha'laJ1bHa!!, 0 C npol1on)!(llTCJ1bHOCTb 6PO)l(CHlI5I, MlIH KHcnoTHOCTh KOHC'IHM onapbI, rpaA KlIcJIOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM TeCTa, rpM, HC 60ncc 45-55 1,0 55-45 25-35 1,5 no paC'ICTY BC!! 5,0 2,0 10,0 30-31 75-90 Ta 6n lIU a 119 PeUcnTypa H pCJKlIM npllrOTOBneHHH TeCTa onapHbIM cnoco60M AJIII xJle6a IpaJKp;aHCKOI'O 2,0 Pacxog CbIpbH H nap8MCTPbI npouccca no cnoco68M H CTanll5IM HalIMCHOB8HlIC CblpbJl, norry<pa6plIK8ToB H nOKa38TeneH npouccca onapHbrn: H8 )f(l!AKOH onape onap8 I TecTO onap8 I TecTO MYKa XJlc60ncKapHa!! nlI1eHlI'IHM IIepBoro 45 -55 55-45 25-35 75 -65 lInll nTOporo copTa, Kr I4>O)l()I(lI XJlC60nCKapHbIC npecconaHHbIC, Kr 1,0 1,0 Conb nOBapCHHa5I IIIiCBa!!, Kr 1,5 1,5 BOAa, Kr 25-35 no 35-50 no paC'ICTY pac'IcTy Onapa, Kr BC!! nC5I llaTOKa, Kr 5,0 5,0 TCMlIepaTypa Ha'laJ1bHa!!, 0 C 27-28 29-31 28-30 28-30 IIp o l1o Jl )l(HTCnbHocTb 6PO)l(CHlIH, MlIH: I1JIH 1I3)],CJIlIil1l3- MYKII I coPTa 210-240 60-90 240-260 40-60 I1JIH H311eJIlIll1l3 MYKH II copTa 210-240 60-90 230-250 50-60 KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'lHM olIapbI, rpM: I1JIH 1I3)],cnllfi 113 MYKH I COpTa 3,0-4,0 4,0-5,0 I1JIH 1I311eJIlIn H3 MYKU II cOPTa 4,0-5,0 5,0-6,0 KHCJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHa5I TeCTa, rpap;, He 60ncc: I1JIH 1I311enlln 113 MYKII I COpTa 3,5 3,5 I1JIH H3)],enllfi H3 MYKII II copTa 4,5 4,5 29-30 180-270 2,5-3,5 fOTOBoe TecTO p;eJIHT Ha p;errHTerrbHbIX MalIIijHax H oKpyrrrHIOT. TIOCJIe oKpyrrreHlliI 3arOTOBKH TeCTa u;erreC006pa3HO nOJJ;BepraTb rrpe1J;BapHTerrb- HOH paCCTOrn<e, a 3aTeM HanpaBrrHTb B 3aKaTO'lH)'IO MalIllmy. C4>opMoBaHHbIe TeCTOBbIe 3aroTOBKH rrop;alOT Ha OKOHQaTerrbHYIO pac- cronKY, npop;omKHTerrbHOCTh KOTOpoH 45-55 MHH. PaccroHBnmecH H3p;eLiHH yKJIaJJ;bIBalOT Ha nop; rre'IH IDIH Ha rrHCTbI, coxpa- HHH rrpoMe>KyTKH Me>K,gy HHMH, '!T06bI He norryqIDIoCb npHTHCKOB H OOeAHbIX 6oKOBbIX KOpoK. TIepep; nOCaJJ;KOH B ne'lb Ha rrOBepXHOCTH 3arOTOBOK p;erralOT HeCKorrbKO HagpC30B. 113p;eJIHH BbIIIeKalOT B YBJIa)!(HeHHOH rreKapHOH KaMepe npH TeMrrepaType 210-240° C. TIpop;orrwuerrbHOCTb Bbme'll<H xrre6a MaCCOH 1,0 Kr 30- 35 MIDI. Xne6 rpcrom Xne6 rpa)l(JJ;aHcKHii BbIpa6aTbIBalOT rro faCT 11835-66 H3 M)'KH nme- HWllIOH nepBoro IDIH BTOporo COpTOB C p;06aBrreHHeM naroKH H p;pyroro CbIpbH. Xne6 rpalKJJ;aHcKHii BbIIIeKaIOT 4>OpMOBbIM H nop;OBblM. Macca 4>OPMOBO- ro xrre6a H3 M)'KH 1 copTa 0,65 Kr, H3 M)'KH II C9pTa - 0,7 Kr; rrop;OBoro H3 MyKH I cop:ra - 0,5 KI', nOn;OBoro H3 M)'KH II copTa - 0,4 Kr. 216 TIpop;omKHTerrbHOCTb paCCTOID<H 40-50 MIDI. Bbme'll<a 4>opMoBoro xne6a AJUlTCH 35-37 MHH, nop;oBoro xrre6a _ 30-35 MJIH rrpH TeMIIepaType neKapHoll KaMepbI 200-220°C. ,!J,JUI rrorryqeHlliI rJIHHIJ;a H3p;errHH rrepep; BbIeMKOll H3 rre'IH peKOMeH,IJ;yeT- CH orrpbICKHBaTb BOp;Oll. 217 
Xrre6 ropoJJ;C:KOH llpOJJ;omKlfIeJ1bHOCTb paccTOfu<H TeCTOBblX 3arOTOBO:K 30-50 MlliI. llepeA rrOCa}J;Koll B rre'lb Ha TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOB:KaX 1J,1UI rroAoBoro xne6a ACJ1alOT Ha:KOJ1bI. 113AeJ1He Bbrne:KaIOT Ha rroA}' lDIH B 4>oPMax rrpH TeMIIepaType 200- 220°C. Xne6 roPOAC:KOll .BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT rro fOCT 27842-88 H3 M}'KH IIIlleHllq- HOll rrepBoro copTa C Ao6aBJ1eHlleM cyxoro 06e3)!(llpeHHOro MonOKa. Xne6 roPOACKOll BbllIeKalOT 4>OpMOBbIM Maccoll 0,5-0,8 Kr H rrOAo- BbIM MaCCOll 0,5 Kr. OpHeHTlIpoBO'llibIll IJ,UaMeTp Kpyrnoro xneoa MaCCOll 0,5 Kr - 15- 17 CM. TecTO rOTOBR,T orrapHblM Ii ApyrHMH crroco6aMH, rrprnliITbIMH B xne60- rre'Iemm. i1pe,o;no'ITHTenbHI',IM HBnfleTCH cnoco6 nplITOTOBJ1eHHH Ha )J(11)J;KOll orrape (Ta6n. 120). npoAOn)J(HIenbHOCTb Bbrne'IKH I13Aemrn 4>oPMoBbiX 35-37 MHH, noAO- BbIX - 30-35 Ml1H. Xne6 AOpo)lQIblH B ynaKoBKe 3,5 Xne6 AOpo)KHbIll B yIIaKOBKe BbIpa6aTbmalOT no fOCT 15950-70 H3 rrIIIeHWIHoll M}'KH rrepBoro copTa 4>OpMOBbIM MaCCOll 0,7 Kr H nOAOBbIM MaCCOll 0,4 Kr. .1J.rrR Bbme'lKH 4>opMoBoro xne6a HCnoJ1b3YIOT 4>opMbI xne60rreKapHbIe HOMepoB 6 H 7 rnna I no fOCT 17327-77. nOAOBbIll xne6 HMeeT rrpoAonroBaTYIO 4>OPMY C HaApe3aMH Ha rroBepx- HOCTn. OplieHrnpOBO'llibIe pa3MepbI nop;oBoro xne6a: IJ,JUma 27-29 CM, IillIpmIa - 9-11 CM. TecTo roTOBHT orrapHbIM cnoco60M IDIH ApyrHMH cnoco6aMH, npliMeIDIe- MbIMH 1J,11H npmoToBneHllH xne6a 113 IIIlleHWIHoll M)'KH (Tafi.. 121). fOToBoe reCTO AenHT Ha AenHTenbHbIX MaIilllHax, oKpyrnHIOT H nocne oKpyrneHIli! 4>OpMOBbIX H3AenIrii: H rrocneAYIOell 3aKaTIaI nOOBbIX 113- ACJ1Hll reCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH rrOCTyIIaIOT Ha paCCTOllKY. TIpoAOJI)J(HIenbHOCTb paCCTOllKH 1J,11H 4>OpMOBOro xne6a 40-60 MIDI, 1J,11H nOAoBoro - 30-40 Ml1H. t nepeA noca).:\Koll B rreqv Ha rrOIJ,OBOM xne6e AenalOT 4-6 KOCbIX HaApe- 30B C rroMobro CrrerrHaJIbHOrO YCTpollcTBa lDIH BPY'lHYIO. 113Aemui BblIIeKaIOT B YBna:>KHeHHoH rreKapHoll KaMepe ne'lli rrpI'! TeMIIe- parype 21O-220°C. TIpo,o;on)!(llTenbHOCTb BblIIe'lKH xne6a 4>OpMOBOro 38-40 Mm-IyT, nop;o- BOl'O - 18-20 Jl.lliH. YnaKoBKY Ii MapKHpoBKY xne6a AOpo:>KHOro oCYIITeCTBnRIOT B COOTBeT- CTBllif C Tpe60BaHlliIMH fOCT 15950-70. .1J.rrH yrraKOBKH Hcnonb3YIOT nonH3nmeHoBYro IUleHKY, naKHpoBaHlThrii: rrenno4>aH, lDIH rrapa«pHHHpoBaH- HYIO 6YMary. TaG n H U a 120 Pel\CnTypa II pcxmM IIpllHJTOBJleHlI5I TCCTa Ha 1Iill[\KOH onapc ,IJ,JIJI xnc6a ropO[\CKOrO Pacxon CbIpbH 11 napaMCT- Haw-IcHoBaHHc CbIjJ1>H, nonyq,a6pllKaToB 11 nOK!l3aTenCH pbI npOl\CCca no CTa)J;lIJ1M npOl\ccca )KlKalI TCCTO onapa MYKa nIllCH!I.'lHa5I xne60ncKapHaH I copTa, Kr A!J0)K;{(ll xneGcnCKapHbIe npCCCOBaHHble, Kr COJIb nOBapCHHM nHIIIeBaH, Kr BOl1a,Kr Caxap-nccoK, Kr Maprapm! CTonOBbIfi C COAep)j(aHlIeM )l(lIpa 82%, Kr naToKa, Kr MOJlOI(O cyXOC oGe3)!(JipcHHoe, Kr* TCMIIepaTypa Ha'laJ1LHa5I, 0 C npOAOJlJKI1TCJlbHOCTb 6po)J(eHHH, MlIH KHcnOTHocTh KOHC'IHaH Ollapbl, !'PaA KHcJlOTIIOCTh KOHe'lHaH TeCTa, rpap;, HC 60ncc 25 -35 2,0 75-65 35 -55 1,5 no pac'IeTY 3,0 4,0 5,0 4,0 29-30 40-60 28-30 240-260 4,0-5,0 * )J,onycKaeTcH 3aMeHa 50% cyXoro 05C3)1(HpeHHOro MOJlOKa Ha 6enoK pacnneJlb- HbIn nHIl\eBOfi B KOnl1'JeCTBC 1,0 Kr. Cyxoe 06e3:>KI1peHlIOe MonOKO ImH 6CnoK paCTHTenbHbIH m!eBOll H MaprapHH BH,!CRT B BH,JJ;e 3MynbClll! rrpH 3aMece TeCTa. npHroToBneuHe )KllpOMOnO'lHOll 3MyTIbCHH oCYIITecrnnHeTCH rro PCrrerrType, rrpHBc,o;eHUOll B lfiIcrpYK[Il1H Ha xne6 rronecciom. TecTO 3aMennrnalOT p;onbIIIe 06bl'IHOrO Ha 2-3 MHH. fOTOBoe reCTO ACTUIT ua ,o;eJIHTeJIbHbIX Malillmax, nOCJIe 'Iero 3arOTOB- KH TeCTa V.JIH nOgOBoro xne6a HarrpaBnRIOT Ha oKpyrrreHI'!C. OKpyrncHlle 3aroToBOK 1J,11H rrOAOBoro xnc5a )KeJraTenbHO OCYli\eCTB- nIDI> Ha 2 x OK PYTJIHTeJ1HX, YCTaHOBneHHbIX rrocneOBaTeJIbHO, H Aanee H3AeJIHe HarrpaBJImOT na paCCTOllKY. 218 219 
PccnTYpa H pe)IQIM npllrOTOBnCHHH TeCTa onapHblM cnoco60M AnH XJlc6a Aopo)lQloro B ynaKoBKc TaGJllIua 121 Xne6 MaTHaKaIII onapa TeCTO 50-40 Xne6 MaTHaKalll Bblpa6aTbIBalOT no fOCT 27842-88 H3 nllleHH'IHOH MYKH BbIClllero, I, II COpTOB H MyKIf 060lIHOH MaccoH 0,5-1,5 Kr J1,mI lllTY'!- Horo xne6a If He 60nee 2,5 Kr - n,rUI BeCOBoro. <I>opMa xne6a oKpyrnafl HnH oBanbHo-YnJIHHeHHaR C npononbHbIMH penbe<paMIf Ha nOBepxHocTH If KpyroBbIM penbe<poM-06onKoM no KpaIO (Ta6n. 123). OpIfeHTHpOBO'IHble pa3MepbI If3nenHii B 3aBHCIfMOCTH OT COpT3 MyKH H <pOpMbI H3nenHH npenCTaBneHbI B TaOO.123. HIIHMCHOB8HHe CbIpbJl, nonycl>a6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTcnCH npoecca Pacxo,Q CbIpbJl H napa- MCTpbI npoccca no CTanll5IM MYKa IIillCHlI'IHa51 XJlc60nCKapHa51 I cOpTa, Kr .uP0)l()!(lI XJlC60nCKapHbIC npCCCOBaHHbIC, Kr Conb nOBapeHHaJI nlllUeBaH, Kr BOAa, Kr Ollapa, Kr Caxap-nCCOK, Kr MaprapHH CTOJlOBhlfi C cOJJ;Cp)l(aHlICM )!(lIpa 82%, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbHM, 0 C npOAOn)l(lITCJlb!lOCTb GpO)l(CHHH, MHH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'lH351 onapbI, rpan KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'lHaH TeCTa, rpan, HC Gonce 50-60 1,0 27 - 30 -, 28-30 210-240 3,0-4,0 1,5 no paC'IeTY BCH 3,0 2,0 29-31 60-90 l' a G JI II  a 123 OpHeHTHpOBO'lHbIe pa3MCphI XJle6a 3,5 Pa3MepbI, CM HaHMeHOB8HHe mp:eJIHJI Tonnuma Tonnuma l1J1IIHa IUHpHHa 060,QKa cpC.QHeH pe6pa 1Iacm pe6pa Xne6 ,QopomHhIH l' a G nIl u a 122 OBaJIbHbIH XJlcG XncG MaCCOH 1,0 Kr 113 nlI1CHlI'IIIOn MYKlI: BbIClI1CrO copTa 31-33 23-24 4,5-5,0 4,0-4,5 I copTa 31-32 23-24 4,5-5,0 4,0-4,5 II ca pTa 30-31 23-24 3,5 -4,0 3,5-4,0 OGOHHOH 29-30 20-21 3,5-4,0 3,0- 3,5 XncG MaCCOH 0,5 Kr 113 nlI1CHlI'IHOn MYKlI: BbIClI1erO cOpTa 26-28 14-15 3,5-4,0 2,5-3,0 I copTa 26-28 14-15 3,5 -4,0 2,5-3,0 II capTa 24-26 14-15 3,0-3,5 2,0-2,5 060HHOH 22-24 14-15 3,0-3,5 2,0- 2,5 lUIaMeTp OKpyrnhIH XJle6 XncG MaCCOn 1,0 Kr 113 nlI1CHlI'lHofi MYKH. BbICillero copTa 28-30 4-5 3,5-4 I cOpTa 28-30 4-5 3,5-4 II cOpTa 26-28 4-4,5 3-3,5 o60tIHon 24-26 3,5-4 2,5-3 XncG Maccofi 0,5 Kr 113 nillCHlI'lHofi MYKlI: BbIClI1CrO copTa 21-22 3-4 2,5-3 I COpTa 21-22 3-4 2,5-3 II capTa 19-20 3-3,5 2-2,5 060fiHOn 17-18 3-3,5 2-2,5 OpHeHrnpOBO'IHble pa3MepbI nHCTOB ynaKOBO'IHOrO MaTepHana (B MM) Ailfl xne6a nopo>KHoro npHBeneHbI B TaOO. 122. IIapacl>lIHHpoBBHHaJI 6YMara IIOJIH3THJ1cHOBaJl DJICHKa IIJIH nBKHpOBaHHhIH eJDIOcl>aII .QJ'IHHa I IUHpHHa .QJ'IHHa I IUHpHHa (l)0pMOBon n0l10BbIfi 400--4w 380-390 510-520 400-410 500-510 400-410 400-410 380-390 TIplf PY'lHoii ynaKoBKe, oCYIl\eCTBnfleMoH TaKIfM :>Ke nYTeM, KaK H Ha aBTOMaTe, H3nenHe BepXHeii KOpKOii CTaBflT Ha cepe,WIHY nlfCTa nneHKlf lfnlf 6YMarH, pacnOnO:>KeHHbIX Y3KHM KOHQOM K ynaKOBIl\lfKY. 3aTeM KOHJ..U,I nHCTa HaKnaAbIBalOT Ha HH:>KHIOIO KOPKY H3nemifl TaK, '!T06bI Bnonb Hee npoxo):\lln lllOB BHaxnecTKY. C TOPQOB xne6a MaTepHan 3am6alOT B Blfne KOHBepTa. TIpu ynaKOBKe B nneHKy HJ1H Qenno<paH repMeTH3aQlffl IlIBOB H KOH- BeprOB OCYIl\eCTBnfleTCfI TepMOCBapKOH C nOMOIl\blO gBYX HarpeBaeMbIX :meKTplf'!eCKHM TOKOM MeTannH'!eCKHX nnOCKOCTeH. TIpH ynaKoBKe B na- Pa<PHHHpOBaHHYIO 6YMary MeCTa CTbIKOB CKpennfllOT nHnKOH neHToii. 220 TecTo rOTOBflT onapHbIM cnoco6oM. TIapaMeTpbI TeXHonorlf'!eCKoro npol.{eCca npHBeneHbI B Ta6n. 124. 221 
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Ta GJI II Ita 125 Ta6J1l1Ita 126 PeItelITypa H peJKHM npllrOTOBneHHJI TeCTa Ha )I(lI/1KOH onape J1JIJI xne6a KlIWHHeBCKoro PeItenTypa II pC>KlIM npllrOTOBJleHHH TeCTa onapHbIM cnoco60M J1JIH xne6a 3a6aiiKaJIbCKOro HIllIMeHOBaH1fe Cblp!>R, nonycl>a6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTcneii npOItecca PacxoJJ. C!>IpbR H nap8MeTpbI npOI.\eCca no CT8J].HHM HIllIMCKOB8HHC CbIpbH, nonycl>a6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTeneH npOI.\Ccca PacxoJJ. CbIpbH H napaMCTpbI npoItecca no CTa)J;IUIM onapa TeCTO onapa TCCTO 1.5 MYKa nlI1eHII'IHa51 XJlC60nCKapHaH, Kr: I copTa II copTa L{Po)l()I(If XJle60nCKapHbIC IIpeCCOBaHHble, Kr COJIb nOBapeHHa5I nllliICBa5I, Kr BOAa,Kr Onapa, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbHa5l, 0 C npOp;OJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHlI5I, MHH KlIcnOTHOCTb KOHC'lHM onapbl. rpaA KncnOTHOCTb KOHC'lHaH TCCTa, rpaA, HC Gonee 30 1,0 30 40 MYKa nWClIlI'IHaH XJle60ncKapHa5l, Kf; 060l1:HaH II copTa L{P0)l()I(lI XJlC60neKapHbIe npeCCOBaHHbIe, 1<1' COJIb nOBapeHHa51 nllliIeBa5l, I<r BOAa, Kf Onapa, 1(1' TeMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbHaH, 0 C npOAOJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHII5I, MlIH KncnOTHOCTb KOHe'ma51 onapbI, rpap; KncnOTIIOCTb KOHe'IHa51 TeCTa, rpaA, He fioJlce 46 50,0 0,5 41-43 1,5 no paC1IeTY BCH 31- 33 8 27 -28 210-240 7,5 -8,0 no paC'IeTY 83,S 28 - 30 60-90 27 - 28 210-240 4,5 -5,0 28-30 40-90 4,5 7,5 fOToBoe TeCTO AeJHlT Ha lJ,em1TenbHbIX Mallllmax, nocne '1ero 3arOTOBKH TeCTa n,lUI 4JopMoBoro xne6a YKnaAblBalOT B 4JOPMbI, a 3arOTOBKH n,lUI nOAo- Boro xne6a HanpaBnfllOT Ha oKpyrneHHe. .!Lrrfl nonY'lemm nOlJ,OBbIX 113lJ,enI1H npOlJ,OnrOBaTO-OBaJIbHOH 4JOPMbI TeCTOBble 3arOTOBK11 nocne lJ,eneHI1f1 11 oKpyrneHI1f1 HanpaBnfllOT B 3aKa- TO'IHYlO Mallurny. C4JopMoBaHHble 113lJ,enl1f1 paCCTaHBalOTcfI. TIpOlJ,OmIGiTenbHOcTb paccTOHKI1 40-50 MHH. IblJ,enl1f1 BbmeKalOT Ha nolJ,y I1nl1 B 4JopMax B yBna>l<HeHHOii neKapHoH KaMepe npl1 TeMTIepaTYpe 220-250°C. TIpon;omKI1TenbHocTb Bbme'IKl1 xne6a Kl1llIl1HeBCKOro COCTaBJIfleT: nOlJ,OBOrO 40-45 MHH, 4JOpMOBOro - 50-55 MHH. TIpolJ,OmIGiTenbHOCTb Bbme'lKI1 XJIe6a 3a6aHKaJIbcI<oro MaccoH 1,0 Kr COCTaBnfIeT: nOlJ,OBoro 45-50 MHH, 4JopMoBoro - 56-60 MI1H. Xne6 KHIllHHeBCKIDf Xne6 Kl1liIl1HeBCKI1H BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT no rOCT 27842-88 113 CMeCH M)'KH nliIeHI1'IHOH I copTa B KOnH'IeCTBe 30% H II copTa B KOnH'IeCTBe 70%. Xne6 Kl1llIl1HeBCKl1ii BbmeKaIOT 4JOpMOBbIM M:lccoii 0,85 Kr Ii nOlJ,OBbIM MaCCOH 0,8 Kr. TIon;oBbIii xne6 I1MeeT npOlJ,onroBaTO-OBaJIbHYID HnH oKpyr. nylO <PO PM)'. OpHeHTHpOBO'IHble pa3Mepbl npononroBaTo-GBaJIbHOrO xne6a: W111Ha 32-36 CM, IillfpHHa 12-16 CM; lJ,HaMeTp oKpyrnoro xne6a 20-23 CM. TecTo rOTOBHT JI106blMH cnoc06aMM, IIpl1MeHfIeMblMM lJ,JUI npl1rOTOB- neHim XJIe6a 113 nliIeHI1'IHoii M)'KH, KpOMe 6e30napHoro. TIpennOlJTI1Tenb- HbIMH fiBJ1f1lOTCfI onapHblH If Ha >l<IflJ,I<oii onape (Ta6n. 126). Xne6 CTeDBoA 224 Xne6 cTenHoH Bblpa6aTbIBalOT no faCT 27842-88 113 CMeCI1 MYKH nliIeHH'lHOH 060HHoii B KOnH'IeCTBe 30% H nliIeHH'lHoii BToporo copra B KOnl1'1eCTBe 70% 4JOpMOBbIM MaccoH 0,7-1,0 Kr. TecTo rOTOBHT Ha >l<IflJ,KOH onape HJII1 Ha >l<IflJ,KOH 3aKBacKe C Hcnonb30- BaHl1eM npeCCOBaHHblX H >l<IflJ,KHX lJ,pO>lOKeH (Ta6JI. 127). .!LrrH YJIY'lllIeHHfI Ha6yxaHl1H MyKH nliIeHI1'IHOH 060HHOii lJ,03HpoBKY ee ueneco06pa3Ho oCYl.I.\eCTBnHTb B onaP:r HnH 3aKBacKY, a MyKY nliIeHH'I- Hyro BToporo copTa Hcnonb30BaTb Ha 3aMec TeCTa. TIpOl.{ecc npl1rOTOBneHHfI >l<IflJ,KOH nliIeHH'lHoii 3aKBacKH B pa3BOnO'l- HOM UI1Kne npHBelJ,eH B Ta6JI. 105. 8 3aK. 1116 225 
l' a 6 JI II U a 127 Xne6 ypaJIbCK.m PcenTYpa II PC)!(lIMbl npHrOTOBJICHHR TecTa II,M xne6a CTeDHoro PaCXOA CbIpbSI H nap8MCTpbI npouccca no CTa;:umM Xne6 YpaJIbCKHH Bblpa6aTbIBalOT no fOCT 27842-88 H3 CMeCH MYKH nrneHH1JHOM 060HHOH B KOnH'leCTBe 30% H nrneHH1JHOH BToporo copTa B KO- ml1leCTBe 70% C no6aBneHHeM naTOKH. Xne6 YpaJIbCKHH BbmeKalOT <pOpMOBbIM rnTY1JHbIM MaccoH 0,7 -1,0 Kr. TecTo rOTOBJIT Ha :>IG:InKOH onape IDIIf Ha :>IG:InKOH 3aKBaCKe C Hcnonb- 30BaHlfeM IIpeCCOBaHHbIX IDIH :>IG:IIJ;KHX np0)K)KeH (Ta6n. 128a). H8HMeIJOBaHHC CbIPbR, I1onycl>a6pm<:aToB H nOKa3aTClIeii: npoccca MYKa nlI1CHH'IHM XJle60nCKapHaH, I<r: o60ilHM BToporo copTa )I(If,lJ;KM 3aKBaCKa, 1<1' .D.po)l()l(H XJlc60nCI<apHbIC npCCCOBaHHbIC, Kr .D.PO)l()I(lI )I(If,lJ;KHe, J(r Conb nOBapeHHM ITlIIItCBaJ1, J(r BOl1a, Kr Ona pa, J(r TCMnepaTYpa HI!.1IaJIbHM, C C npop;On)l(lITeJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHH5I, MHH KncnOTHOCTb KOHC'lHaJJ onapbl, rpap;. KnCJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaH TCCTa, rpap;, He 6o.ncc Ha :lKII;IJ;KOii: onape Ha :lKII;IJ;KOH 3aKBacKC onapa T TCCTO TCCTO 30 24 63,0 66 30 0,3 50,0 40 2 2 no paC1ICTY no paC1IeTY BCJJ 28-32 28-32 50-60 120-150 7,5 7,5 30,0 70,0 0,5 2,0 3.0 l' a 6 II II It a 128 0,5 20,0" PecIITypa XJle6a ypaJIbCKOrO H3lIMeHOBaHHC CbIpbR Pacxog CbIpbR, Kr MYKa nIIJCHWlHaJJ XJlC60nCKapHa51 060ilHM, Kr MYKa nIIJCHlI'IHaJI KJIc60nCKapHaJJ II copTa, Kr .D.P0)l()KlI XJlc60nCKapHblC npCCCOBaHHblC, Kr COJIb nOBapCHHaH nllIueBaSI, Kr naTOKa, Kr 27-30 210-240 8,0-8,5 Pe:>IG:IM IIpHrOTOBnemUI TeCTa H cnoc06bI pa3nenKH, paccTOHKH If BbI- lIe'lKH JJ.lUl xne6a ypaJIbCKOrO aHaJIOrH'lHbI pe:>IG:IMaM IIpHroToBneHHH xne6a CTelIHoro. fOToBoe TeCTO neJIHT Ha neJIHTeJIbHbIX MaruHHax, 1I0CJIe 'lero 3arOTOB- KH TeCTa B <popMax 10CTy"aIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. TIponOJI:>IG:IleJIbHOClb paCCIOHKH COClaBJIJIeI 50-60 MHH. 113nenlfJI BbIlIeKalOT B <popMax IIPH TeMlIepaTYpe 210-240°C B Te'leIrne 55-60 MHH. TIepen BbIeMKoH H3 ne'llf lIoBepXHocTb xne6a OlIpbIcKHBalOT BonoH. 226 8"' 227 
BaTOHLJ EaTOHbI npenCTaBnmOT co6oii nOnOBbIe LUTY'IHbIe H3nemm, BbIpa6aTbI- BaeMbIe no rOCT 27844-88, H3 M}'KH llIUeHll'lliOii BbICIIIero, I Ii II COpTOB cnenYJ{)ll.{I1x HaHMeHoBaHHii: /iaTOHbI npoCTbIe, Hape3HbIe, Hape3HbIe MO- nO'IHbIe, ropOnCKHe, cTyneH'IeCKHe, C H3J{)MOM, nOnMocKoBHbIe, CTono- BbIe, CTOJIH'IHbI oco6bIe. EaTOHbI npocTbIe, Hape3HbIe, Hape3HbIe MOnO'IHbIe, C H3J{)MOM, non- MOCKoBHbIe, CTonOBbIe H CTYneH'IecKHe BbIpa6aTbIBaJ{)T npoJJ:onroBaTOH $OpMbI C oKpyrneHHbIMH, TynbIMH HJIH OCTpbIMH KOHl(aMH; ropOnCKHe _ npOnonroBaTbIe C 3aocTpeHHbIMH KOHl(aMH; CTOnH'lHbIe, oco6bIe - YMHHeH- HbIe C TynbIMH HJll:I oKpyrneHHbIMH KOHQaMH. Bce BHJJ:bI 6aTOHOB, 3a HCKnJ{)'1eHHeM nOnMOCKOBHbIX H cTyneH'IeCKHX, HMeJ{)T Ha nOBepXHoCTH HeCKonbKO KOCbIX Hanpe30B. nOJJ:MOCKoBHbIe 6aTo- HbI - C nsYMJI npononbHbIMH HaJJ;pe3aMH; CTyneH'IecKHe - C OnHHM npo- nonbHbIM Hanpe30M. MaCCbI H OpHeHTHpOBO'IHbIe pa3MepbI 6aTOHOB npHBeneHbI B Ta6n. 129. B Ta6n. 130 npHBeneHbI HX pel.{emypbI. MaCChI H OpHCHTHpoBO'IHbIC pa3Mcpbl 6aTOHOB l' a 6 JI II U a 129 H3HMCHOBaHHe H3,!J;cmm Macca, Kr Pa3McpbI, CM .a;mma /lI1HPHHa EaTOHbI 113 nlI1CHlI'IHOfi MYKII II copTa EaTOHbI 113 nlI1CHlI'lHofi MYKII I copTa: npOCTbIe npOCTble HapC3HbIe -... HapC3HbIC MOJlO'llIbIC CTy J];CH'IeCKlIC EaTOHbl 113 nlI1eHlI'lHoti MYKII BbIClI1CrO copTa: HapC3UbIC V' HapC3Hble MOJlO'IHbIC \ rDpOJ];CKlIC 0,5 25 -29 D,S 26- 30 0,2 18-20 0,4 26- 30 0,4 25-29 0,3 24-26 0.5 28-3] ..o.5__ ..Q.4 13L 0,2 28-30 0,4 26-30 0.2 18-20 0,4 24-28 0,3 26-28 0,4 39-43 0,45 50-70 C 1I31OMOM nOJ];MOCKOBHbIe CTOJlOBbIC CTOJlll'IHbIe OC06bIC 228 9-13 8-10 7-9 9-11 9-11 7-9 9-11 9-11 7-9_ 6-8 8-10 7-9 9-11 7-9 6-8 5-8 o <') .... cO ::f :s: r:: 10 cO I-< o  o &! ::;; III go >1:: :.: ::;; o CJ ::;; 5a M :<: IQ o :c o ... cO 10  it", o 0:<: .. Co :.: to 0 CJ IQ .. :ii Po  I:: .. ::f .. g,. '" :<: ;; II:   5 :a CJ to :x: o o I I V) ..... ,;. iP g &! CJ q :5 I I ..... b '" I::  o ,Q ... III CJ o 8 I I .... o 8 I I .... o 8 II .... :i:  :.: ;.,CJ ... '" CJ .. o 8 I I ..... '"    go Co I:: to 0 :<: ::;; o 81 .... '" :is :.: M '" Co to :<: o 1 0 o ..... o o o .... '"  CJ o Co I:: d>   8-  .. CJ    cO  5g.8 ;:= cO :.:  ;:gg q V) q <'I "J. q .... o <5 o .... q "J. o <5 o ..... q q q q o <5 V) "J. 00....-4 ..... q o o .... q "J. q <'I q <'I "J. "J. "J. "J. <'I "J. .... "J. .... "J. "J. "J. 6.   !2 or I::    o a:J: Ii! og III 5 i r:: 0 p. O!-< ><CJcOli!;'; :s: g  1::":- g.r::6.:;: 8."'IB t:i  l.iS! v t:: q q .... q <'I o 00 q "'" q <"> qqq "'" <') <'I q "J. <'I "'" q q q "'" q q "'" q "'" "J. <"> q "'" "J. <"> CJ 8. III :s: g !IE o  t :s: Si a 1-0 g.\IE;.; E.tfi' cO  <'I ;:gCJOO q <'I .... "J. <'I "J. <'I  "" [!  10 :ii o 5     ';e- 0 0 B m  ;:gp.1:Q Ii! 229 
TCCTO MO)!(HO rOTOBHTb m06bIMH cnoco6aMH, nplfMCHflCMbIMH l1,JUI nplfrOTOBJ1CHmI H3nCJ1HH H3 nrnCHWmOH MyKH. TIpCnno'UHTCJ1bHbIMH flB- J1f1IOTCfl: OIIapHbIii, Ha 60J1brnoii rycToii OIIape H YCKOpeHHbIC CIIOC06bI. Pa3pCrnaCTCfI B KaqCCTBC pa3pbIXJ1HTCJ1H ]J,JIfI H3nCJ1HH H3 IIrnCHH'lliOH M}'KH nCpBOrO copTa IIpHMCHflTb IIpeCCOBaHHbIC np0)f()Klf B COqCTamiH C )!(HJJ;KHMH, a ]J,JIfi H3nCJ1HH H3 IIrnCHHqHOH MyKH BToporo copTa - IIpeCCO- BaHHbIC npo)f()Klf B COqCTamm C )f(IfnKHMH HJ1H TOJIbKO )f(IfnKHC (Ta6n. 131). rOTOBOC TCCTO nCJ1f1T Ha nCJ1HTCJIbHbIX MaUllmax. TIOCJ1C oKpyrJICHHJI TCCTOBbIC 3arOTOBKH QCJIccoo6pa:mo IIOnBCpraTb npe1J:B a pHTeJIbHOH pac- CTOHKC, KOTopafl MO:JKCT OCYIl.tCCTBJIflTbCfI Ha TpaHCIIOpTCpHbIX JICHTax WIH npyrHX YCTpoHcTBax. TIOCJIC npe1J:BapHTeJIbHOH paccTOHKH 3arOTOBKH cpop- MyIOT B 3aKaTO'llibIX MalIDfHax H HanpaBJIJIIOT Ha OKOHqaTCJIbHYIO paccToHKY. TIponOJI)f(IfTCJ1bHOCTb O.':OHqaTeJ1bHOH paccToHKH 6aTOHOB IIpOCTbIX H3 M}'Klf IIcpBom copTa - 30-50 MHH, .BToporo copTa - 25-40 MHH; Ha- pe3HbIX H3 IIrnCHWIHOH MyKH I H BbIcrncro COpTOB - 35-70 MHH; ropon- CKHX - 40-60 MHH; Hape3HbIx MOJIO'llibIX - 30-50 MHH; CTynCHqCCKHX _ 50-60 MHH; C H31OMOM MaCCOH 0,4 Kr - 30-50 MHH, MaCCOH 0,2 Kr _ 45-60 MHH; IIOnMOCKOBHbIX - 35-40 MHH; CTOJIOBbIX - 50-60 MHH; CTOJ1H'IHbIX - 30-45 MHH'oco6bIX - 60-80 MHH. , TIcpen IIocanKoH B IIC'lb Ha TCCTOBbIX 3arOTOBKax nenalOT HanpC3bI C IIOMOIl.tblO CIICI.{HaJIbHOro YCTpoHcTBa WIH Bpy'lliYIO. 113ncmm BbIl!cKalOT Ha nony WIH JIHCTax. Han60JIcc 6naronpHJITHbIMH YCJ10BHflMH flBJIJIIOTCJI OTHOCHTCJIbHaJI BJIa)!(HOCTb B HaqaJIbHOH 30HC IIcKap' HOH KaMcpbI 80-85% H TCMIIcpaTypa 1l0-120°C. ,lJ,nHTCJIbHOCTb npOXO:JK- nCHHH qCpe3 30HY YBJ1a:JKHCHHJI 2-3 MHH. TCMIIcpaTypa B npyrHx 30Hax nCKapHoH KaMcpbI 220-250° C. TIponOJI)f(IfTCJIbHOCTb BbmCqKH ]J,JIJI Ka:JK,D,Oro BHna H3neJIHH 3aBHCHT OT pel(emypbI H MaCCbI (Ta6n. 132). 230 - <"> - '" :::I :s:: r:: Ie cO f-o  tS o CJ g CJ .Q '15  I=: !;i ::; 0 0 ... I:: o 0. <.J <.> I=: 0 '" :s:: ::; o I!:! ... ::; <.J'" ::; .0  ::; :s: <.J  - a .0 III ... eo <.> '" '" M 0 :s: 0. :.: ... I 0 ::;; <.>  '" :.: :.: ... Ie <.J 0 >, <.J 0 t:: <.J 0 ':S: 0 I:: 0 ... ... <.J '" <.> '" <.> >, ... <.> .... '" ':S:  I:! 0 o .. 0. S I:: I:: o :c .. 0 0. 0. Ie .. ... I:: '" cO  :.: 0 0. cO I:: :s: II: 0 ... ... 0. <.J :c '" <.J ::; ... It :c 0 :.: " a. CJ '" '" I:: c:>. 0 '" a. '" I:: 0 ':S: '" I=: '" ..  ... a eo:.: ... 0 <.> I:: '"  :s: g ac:l; III  0 0",0. :.: :.: I:: '" :s: ::;0. a'g :I:-e-  0 I::  :;; = '" .. r:>. o ... o = '" ., '" cO = cO = o t; Ie gj = ., t:; I!I o ... o ... := r:>. c )! := iE ., Q.. := .. Q..  C '" :::I Q) a.. o o - >. ... Q) q V?- '" u '" oj Q.. 0 C >, V?- ... Q) '" '" q V?- u - N cO I Q.. 0 0 - c >, ... Q) V?- '" t>I u u '" I!I Q.. 0 C V) '" r- '" o <') I o '<t o r- I o \C '" q N I I <') <') >. ... Q) V?- '" t>I u u cO '" Q.. 0 C V) '<t I V) V)  q I 7 V) V) '<t N V) '" 0 - q V?- .<') '" V?- I I I '<t <') <') 0 '" 0 - '" \C '" 0 q V?- <') '" V?- I I <') '<t <"> '" 0 N \C N 0 q V?- <"> '<t V?- I I <') '<t <') '" 0 '" N 0 q \C r- N N '<t I I I '<t 0 q N '<t <') N 0 0 q V?- <') '" V?- I I <') '<t <') 00 0 N \C 0 q 0 '<t <') N '<t I I I 00 0 q N - <') N ... ... :.: .. :.: ...  '" N Q) 0 00 '" u ... r:: 0 :.: cO 0 ... Q.. Ie 0 Q) = Q) '" ::a * :c Q.. :I: ::; e :::I  Q) a '" c Q) ::; '" = c.. ::3 0 :I: oi' ... E' CJ cO :<: CJ ... iE ::: ::a .. Q.. Q) :.: c.. oj P- U <J .... P- Q) .. CJ :.: c oi' :::I 0 * c Q) Q) Q) oj ... 0 oi' 0 0 .... c ::a '" :.: CJ P- t>I II: 0 C) .. u cO Ie cO .. Ie :<: S :c Q) c.. :.: ,= ..0 ,.Q g; !Ii  oj = .... :;; @ t c Q) Q) :.: 0 '" '" 0 :c :I:  Q) II: c.. ... 0 cO :a 0 0 c cO 0 :.: r:: :<: :.: :.: !Ii 0 :: I!I r:: Ie ::a 0 oj ,.Q ,.Q = C) <> :i .... Q.. C) .... .... CJ CJ .... :<: r:: c.. 0 >, = u u C) X oj ... ... II: u e g '" 8 0 :3 '" ... :.: :.: .. Q) ;:: :<: :s:: 0 g; t;: Q.. c.. r:: .... c '" c :.: .. M .. Q) g 0 0 0 Q.. C r:: 5 .. '" ..0 cO c.. :.:: oj ... r:: c.. ::; 0 u :.: 0 r:: :::I cO ::;; 0 x cO Q.. = = >, c.. 0 0 c ::;: .. ::;: Q) t: :.:: :.:: ::;: I=i u r::::1 0 :.:: u f-o 231 
l' a 6 n II U a 132 .... .. ....  ... "" I I I npOAOn)I(IfTeJlbHOCTb BbInC'lKH 6aTOHOB I:! ::f .. IS:  IIpoJJ;oJDKH- I=: V) .; 0 0 10 0  '-' 101 0 V) .... 00 0 H8HMeHOB8HHC H3JJ;cmm Macca, TCJIbHOCTb "" t; I "l a. '-' ..; "i I I ..; E-< '" V) 0 III '" 0 Kr BblnettKH, .. V) c C'I V) MIIH - I 0  V) 0 0 - V) .. V) .... .... C'I ..; :g "" I C? I I I I BaTOHbI 113 nlI1CHH'lHoit MYKII II copTa 0,5 22-24 .:= "  V) V) 00 0 V) BaTOHbI 113 mneHII'IHoit MYKII I copTa: fJ .. 0  C'I N 00 ..; '-' CJ - G> 0 f-- npoCTbIe 0,5 22-24 I:[ I:: to .. ... :0: Hape3HbIc 0.4 20-24 := .. :.:  CJ '" I I I 0,2 16-18 ><: CJ .. '" Hape3HbIc. :iI '" '"  I:! I:: Hapc3HbIe MOnO'IHbIC 0,4 20-24 ii 0 t:: 0 "" - 0,3 19-21 .. I:: cTyp;eH1ICCKHC G> .; - 0 BaToHbI1I3 ITlI1CHlI'IHoit MYKH BbIClI1Cro copTa:. 0:: :a 0 V) '-' .... '" &:  "l to 101 C? V) 0 "" .. I I I 0.. CJ M I I I ..; CJ  Hape3Hblc 0,5 22-24 101 t '" V) III 00 0 .. 0 C'I \0 0,5 22-24 0::  V) c Hape3Hblc MOJlO'IHble I:[ I- ropop;cKlIe 0,4 20-24 "" V)  .. 0 0 N "l 0,2 16-18  I:: .. V) .... .... N .... "" V) C? == .. I I I I I I I C 1I31OMOM 0,2 16-18 8 I.: I:: V) tr) 00 V) "l 0,4 20-24 0 ... 0  N C'I '" N &: "" ..... nop;MOCKOBHbIC 0,4 19-23 CJ :a CJ .. \0 CTOJlOBbIC 0,3 19-21  g  g 0,4 :a I I I I CTOnll'IHbIC 18-20 :I: >(  V) GaToHbI co CryIUCHHoit MOJlO'IHOit CbIBOpOTKOit 0,4 0.. CJ '" - 21-23 "" to &: p.. :a  oc06bIe 0,45 22-24 0 :.: '" V) :T ... 0 to ... 0  CJ 101 C? "l .... 00 V) .. '" t; "l "" I I a I I 0.. 0 ..; '-' III V) G> '" V) 00 0 .. ... V) 0 C'I V) IhneJUUI xne606ynoIJHLIe nneTeHhIe  I::  - 0 C? :.: >< to V) 0 0 - Q) "" tr) C? .... .... N  l-13nemUi xne606YJIO'lHbIe OJIeTeHbIe BbIpa6aTbmalOT no fOCT 27844-88 0::  I I I I I I III tr) tr) 00 0 "l H3 nIlIeHH'IHOll M}'KH BbICiliero, I H II COprOB. 0 0  N N 00 .... .. - 0 Xne606YJIO'IHbIe OJIeTeHbIe H3neJIHH BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT nponOJIrOBaTO- .. .. := :.: r:>. OBaJIbHOll4JOpMbI CJIenYIOIlIHX HaHMeHOBaHHll H MaCCbI: &: ff..  N Q) .. 00 Q) i :0: to 0:: .= 0.. 0 I'IneTeHKa H3 rnneHwrnoll MYKH BbICiliero copTa 0,2 H 0,4 Kr Q) '" Q) = 10 r:>. I=: :a '" Q) '" :.: OJIeTeHKa H3 mneHwrnoll MyKH II copTa 0,4Kr == = .. :.: S1 .. ...... :.:  ::0 [if  XaJIa nneTeHaII H3 nIlIeHwrnoll MYKH I copTa . . . . . . 0,4 Kr to ... '" Q) ::0 r:>. ",,"  III :s: Po e- >.  :0: 0 :.: Ii .. ... 0 0 .. .. CJ I:: .. :.: 0 .. '" :s: :a c 0.. :0: cO Q) =g to Q) 0.. :.: 0.. ::r :.: Po  Q) u Q) to .. IlJIeTeHKa npenCTaBnHeT C060ll 6ynotffioe H3n e JIHe, COJIeTeHHOe H3 G> a c t:! '" c 0 G> Q) p..   0 C G> III 0 ..: 0 0 .. Tpex >KryTOB, xana - H34 >KrYTOB. 0 :a 0 Po "" 101 13' G> .. '" 10 10", :.: S 0 ¥ :a .. to OpHeHrnpOBOtffibIe H3p:enIDi:: Maccoll 0,2 Q) .. 0.. "" '-' s; pa3MepbI OJIeTeHKa Kf - '" = I=: Po to :s: >IS: H .. 0 " "" x 0 :0: c :a @ 0 :.: Q) p:roma 18-22 CM, IlIHpHHa - 10-12 CM; MaCCOll 0,4 Kf - jJ;mma 24-28 CM, =10 ::3 0 Q) ::3 III :3 :r 0 .. :<: .... I:: .. 0 to :.: 0 0 IlIHpHHa 10-14 CM; xana - WIHHa 20-23 CM; IlIHpHHa - 10 - 14 CM. x.e- g;2..tO 0 :<: :.: I=: cD :.: "" 5 :.: ;>. 10 :<: :i 0 :a to I=: :s: "" a at.15. Q) Q) .. :<: 0.. Q) .. t:: 0.. 0 0 :s: >. !;; :0: '-' TecTo MO>KHO fOTOBHTb J1I06bIMH cnoc06aMH, JIpHMeHHeMbIMH WIH I:: Q)°8° x .. .. 0 S1 0.. !; '" 101 0 :3:a  :s: III .. :.: Q) » '" :<: npHfOTOBneHHH xne6a H3 nIlIeHH'IHOll MyKH. TIpenn01fIHTeJIbHbIM HBJIHeTCR t::s:Q........... '" g :.: c 0.. :.: Po t:: s; .. cO P.. .. Q) 0 0 .. '" "" cO 0.. .. .. to C t:! Q) I=: onapHbIll cnoc06 (Ta6n. 133). :.: 0 I=: g to X Po ::I ::E 0 :<: 0 >. Po 0 C '" to >IS: Q) 0.. 0 :s: ::E t:::f u I:Q 0 u ::E t<:: E-< t:: :.:: :.:: 233 232 
TIpol.{CCC pa3p,CnKH TCCTa COCTOliT li3 3-x oncparurH - p,CneHliC Ha KY- CKIi, 4JOpMoBKa )f(l"YTOB, llnCTCHllC. fOTOBOC TeCTO p,cnRT Ha p,cnliTcnbHbIX ManIl:IHax. <I>OPMYIOT )KrYTbI B 3aKaTOtIlIDrx MaIllliHax IDIIi BPY'lliYIO; IDICTCHliC - BpY'lliYID. TIpop,OmKM:TCnbHOCTb paccTOHKIi: 33-35 MUH )J,.IlR xaJI IDICTCHbIX; 30- 60 MHH - )J,.IlR IDICTCHOK li3 nIlICHH'IHOH MYKH BbICIIIero copTa; 35-55 MHH )J,.IlR IDICTCHOK li3 nIlICHll'lliOH MYKIi BToporo copTa. TIpM li31lliIlIHCH paCCTOHKC TCpRCTCR 'lCTKOCTb IDICTCHlliI. llcpc;:r, noca,rJ;Koii: B nc'Ib rnIeTeHKH onpbIcKllBalOT BOp,OH, a XaJIbI rnIe- TeHl>Ie CMa3bIBaIOT Rll'lHOii: cMa3Koii:. TIpH Bbme'IKC XaJIbI B XOpOIlIO YBna)!(HeHHOH nCKapHoH KaMcpe RHUO, nOnaralOll.(CeCR no pel.{CnTYpe Ha CMa3KY, BHOCliTCR B TCCTO. H3p,CJDiR BbmeKalOT B yana)!(HCHHOH neKapHoH KaMcpe nc'lH npM: TeM- nepaTYpe 220-240°C. TIpop,On>IGITCnbHOCTb BbmC'IK1i rnICTCHbIX H3p,enHH COCTaBnRCT: )J,.IlR rnIeTeHOK li3 mueIDftIHOH M}'K1i BbICIIIcro Ii II COpTOB: MaccoH 0,4 Kr - 21-24 MHH; MaCCOH 0,2 Kr - 17-19 MHH; )J,.IlR XaJI IDIeTeHbIX H3 nIIIeHM:'lliOH MYKIi nepBoro copTa: MaccoH 0,4 Kr - 18-22 MHH. Pcucnrypa H peJKHM npHrOTOBJlCHHII TecTa AJlR rOpOI1CKOH 6YJlKlI onapHbIMII cnoco6aMH l' a 6 JI II U a 134 HauMeHOBaHHe CbtpbH, nonycl>a6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTencH npOI.\CCca MYKa nlI1CHlI'JHaH XJlc60nCKapilaH BbIClI1CrO HIIlI I COpTOB, Kr l(P0)l()I(lI xJlC60nCKapilbIc npeccoBaIlHbIc, Kr Com, nOBapCHHaH nnIl.\CBa5l, Kr BOAa,Kr Onapa, Kr Caxap.nccoK, Kr Ma prapllH CTOJlOB blH C COP;C P)l(aIllICM )!(lIpa 82%, Kr TCMnepaTypa Ha'laJIbHM, 0 C npOnOJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6p0)l(eHIUl, MlIH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHa51 onapbI, rpaA: AJl5I 1I3P;CJllIH 113 MYKII BbIClI1Cro capTa I cOpTa KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'lHM TCCTa, rpM, HC Goncc 11J151 !13AClmn 113 MYKlI: B LI CIlle 1'0 co pTa I copTa BynKH I'OpOnCKHe EynKIi rOpOP,CKHe BbIpa6aTbIBalOT no fOCT 27844-88, npop,onroBa- TOH <pOpMbI C npop,onbHbIM Hanpe30M B Blip,e rpc6cIIIKa, IIpoxop,Rll.(CrO Bp,onb BepXHeH KOpKH. fOpop,CKHC 6ynKH BbmeKalOT li3 nIlICHIi'lliOH MyKli nepBoro copTa MaccoH 0,2 Kr Ii BbICIIIcro copTa MaccOH 0,2 H 0,] Kr. OpMeHTMpOBO'llibIC pa3MCpbI )J,.IlR li3p,cnHH MacCOH 0,1 Kr: )J,.IlliHa 12-14 CM, IlllipuHa 4-6 CM; MaccoH 0,2 Kr: )J,.IlHHa 16-18 CM H IlllfpliHa 7-9 CM. TecTo MO)!(HO rOTOBHTb nlO6bIMH cnoc06aMH, npliMCHRCMbIMH )J,.IlR npHroToBneHllR H3p,enliH H3 nIlIeHIi'lliOH MYKIi. TIpcp,nO'lTIfTenbHbIMH fiB- nRIOTCR onapHbIH, Ha 6onbIIIoH rYCTOH onape (Ta6n. 134). fOToBoe TeCTO p,enRT Ha p,enHTenbHbIX ManIl:IHax. TIocnc oKpyrneHM:R H 3aKaTKIi 3arOTOBKH TeCTa nocTynalOT Ha paCCTOHK;Y. PeKoMeHP,yeTcR npe.naapliTCnbHaII paCCTOHKa B Te'leHlie 2-3 MHH. TIpop,omKM:TenbHOcTb OKOHllaTenbHOH paccTOHKH 30-50 MHH. TIcpe;:r, nocap,KoH B nc'lb no ;:r,mrne BceH 3arOTOBKH Bpy'lliYIO IDIIi npli nOMOll.(1i aBTOMaTH'IeCKOrO Ha,rJ;pe3'lHKa p,enalOT Hap,pe3, B pe3ynuaTe KOTOporo B npouecce Bbme'IKH 06pa3yeTcR CBoHcTBeHHbIH ropop,cKOH 6ynKc rpe6eIlIoK. Pacxop; CbIpbH H napaMeTpbI npOl.\ccca 110 cnoc06aM H CTIlAHHM onapHbIH Ha 60nbWOH rYCTOH onape onapa I TecTO onapa I TecTO 45-55 55-45 60-65 40-35 1,3 1,3 1,5 ..1-.5 25-30 no pac- 35 -40 no pac- 'ICTY 'ICTY Bcn BC5I 4,0 4,0 2,5 2,5 29-30 30-31 25-27 29-31 210-240 60-90 240-270 20-40 2,5-3,5 2,5-3,5 3,0-4,0 3,5-4,0 3,0 3.0 4.0 4.0 J];IR nonY'lCHM:R TOHKoro npunop,HHToro rpe6cIIIKa npli PY'lliOH Han- ° pe3KC HO)\( cncp,ycT p,Cp)!((lTb nop, yrnoM 20-25 K nOBcpXHocrn 3arOTOBKH. TIpH MCXaHM:3lipoBaHHoH Hap,pc3Kc Hap,pC3'lHK C Op,HliM HO)\(CBbIM ne3- BHCM p,omKCH 6b1Th pacnOnO)\(CH napannenbHo <PpOHTY nc'lH. Ho)\( Hap,pe3- "IliKa MCXaHH'lCCKIi CMa'lHBaIDT BonOH, 'ITO YCTpaHReT npIDIy.naHlie K HeMY TCCTa. J.bp,cnllSI BbmeKalOT Ha nop,y. TIocap,Ka 3arOTOBOK TeCTa p,on)!(Ha 6bITb HcnnOTHOH, '1T06bI HC 6bIJIO 6nep,HbIx 60KOBbIX KOpoK. BbmeKaIDT ropop,cKliC 6ynKIi B YBna)\(HCHHOH nCKapHOH KaMepe. TIpoP,omKluenbHOCTb Bbme'lKM: p,JIR 6ynoK MaCCOH 0,1 Kr - 11-14 MHH, )J,.IlR 6ynoK MaCCOH 0,2 Kr - ]9-21 MHH fipH TCMnepaTYpe 200-230°C. 234 235 
6YJIKB PYCCKHe Kpyrm.Je TIepen nOC3,D;KOH B ne'lb Ha paCCTOJIBllillXCfI 3arOTOBKaX nenalOT O)J,HH HJUI ABa npfiMbIX napannenbHbIX Hanpe3a C nOMOll.(blO Cnel.{lianbHOro YCT- poHCTBa IDIIi Bpy'lH}'lO. fny6liHa Ha,u,pe3a 3aBliCliT OT KaqeCTBa TeCTa Ii CTeneHH paccmHKIi. lbnenlifl BbmeKalOT Ha nony B yBna)I(HeHlIOH neKapHOH KaMepe np" ° TeMTIepaTYpe 210-240 C. TIponOn>KllTenbHOCTb Bbme'lKli 6ynoK pycCKlix KpyrnbIx MacCOH 0,2 I(r - 20-22 l'.lIm; MaccoH 0,1 Kr - 12-15 Mlm; MaCCOH 0,05 Kr - 13-16 MHH. BynKIi pyccKlie KpyrnbIe BbIpa6aTbIBalOT no focr 27844-88 H3 M}'KH IIllleHH'lHOH BbIcwero H nepBoro COpTOB. BynKIi pYCCKlie Kpyrnble npelJ;CTaBnJlIOT co60ii: WTY'IHbIe H3nemm oKpyrnoH cpOPMbI, HMelOll.(He Ha nOBepXHOCTH OnHH HJ1H naa napannenbHbIx Ha,D;pe3a. OplieHTHpoBO'IHbIH nHaMeTp .wIB H3nenHH MaccoH 0,2 Kr - 11-13 CM; MaccoH 0,1 Kr - 8-10 CM; MaccoH 0,05 Kr - 7-9 CM. TecTo MO)I(HO rOTOBliTb nlO6bIMH cnoco6aMH, npHMeHfleMbIMH .wIn npHrOTOBneHHn li3neJIHH li3 IIllleHH'lHOH M}'KIi. TIpennO'ITInenbHbIMH nBnn- IOTcn onapHbIH, Ha 6onbwOH rycmH onape Ii YCKopeHHbIe cnoco6bI (TaM. 135). fomBoe TeCTO nenfiT Ha nenHTenbHbIX MallillHax HJ11i BPY'IHyro. TIocne oKpyrneHHJI 3arOTOBKIi TeCTa nOCTynalOT Ha paCCTOHKY. TIponOn>KlUenbHOCTb paCCTOHKIi .wIfi li3nemrn li3 MYKIi I copTa 40- 60 MHH, .wIfi H3nenmI H3 MYKH BbIcwero copTa - 35 -50 MHH. Kana1JH H CH'IHH'lKH MOCKOBCKHe Kana'ill Ii CliTHIi'lK1i MOCKOBCKlie BbIpa6aTbIBalOT no faCT 27844-88 li3 nWeHM'lHOH M}'Kli .,BbIcwero copTa MaccoH 0,2 Ii 0,1 Kr C MY'IHIiCTOH wepoxoBaToH nOBepxHocTblO, CBeTnO-:>KenTOrO IJ;BeTa. Ta6J11111;a 135 l' a 6 JI II U a 136 Peuemypa H PC)K)fM npHroTOBneHHJI TeCT8 onapHblM cnoco60M I1nR 6ynoK PYCCKHX MaCCbl H OpHCHTHpOBO'IHbIC pa3MCpbI KaJIa'lcA HalIMeHOB8HHe ChIphR, P8CXOJJ; CbIphR H n8p8MCTpbI npOll;eCC8 no CT3JJ;HJIM nonycl>86pHK8TOB BY11KH PYCCKHe KpyrnhIc H nOK838TcneH npOll;CCC8 M8CCOH 0,2 Kr MaccoH 0, I Kr MaccoH 0,05 Kr onapa I TecTO onapa I TecTO onapa I TecTO Macca .nmma, IUHpHHa, PaCCTORHH MC)I(JJ;Y IUHpHHa K8naIJ:S, Kr CM CM PY'lKoH H OCHOB' PY'IKH, CM HOH '1aCThlO, CM 0,2 0,1 14-16 11-13 8-9 6,5-7,5 2-3 2,5-3 3-3,5 3-3,5 MYKa ITlI1CHH'IHaH XJlC 60- nCKapHM: BbIClI1ero copTa, Kr 45 -55 55 -45 I COPTa, Kr 45 -55 55 -45 45-55 55 -45 )lP0)l()l(lI XJle60nCKapHbIe 1,0 1,0 1,0 npeccoBaHHbIc, Kr Com, nOBapeHHM nllllIc- 1,5 1,5 1,5 Ba». Kr Bop;a,Kr 25-30 no pac- 25 -30 no pac- 25-30 no pac- 1IeTY 'ICTY 'IeTY Onapa, Kr BC» BCH BC» Caxap-necoK, Kr 6,0 5,0 5,0 MaprapllH CTonOBbdl C co- 2,5 l1 e p)l(aHlICM )l(lIpa 82%, Kr TeMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbHM, 28-30 29-31 28-30 29-31 28-30 29-31 °c npOJJ;On)l(lITCJlbHOC'fb 6po- 180-240 75-90 180-240 75-90 210-240 60-90 )l(CHIUI. MlIH KnCJlOTHOCTb KOHe1lHa5I ona- 2,5-3.5 3,5 -4,0 3,0-3,5 PbI, rpa,L:\ KncnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM re- 3,0 3,5 3,0 CTa, rpa,i:\, HC 60ncc 236 OplieHTHpoBO'lHbIH p,naMeTp CliTHM'lKa MaCCOH 0,1 Kr - 10-11 CM, MaccoH 0,2 Kr - 13-15 CM. TecTo rOTOBflT 6e30napHbIM cnoco6oM li3 nWeHll'JHOH MYKIi. PeKo- MeHnyeTCJI MYKa C 60nee clinbHoll KneHKoBliHOll (TaM. 137). TecTo .wIfi MOCKOBCKliX Kanaqell Ii CliTHIi'lKOB nocne 3aMeca npoxo- WIT ]:(Be CTap,nH 6pO:>KeHliH. B TennOM nOMell.(eHliH npli TeMTIepaTYpe 24- 28°C TeCTO 6pop,nT 120-150 MHH Ii B XOnO)J,HOM (6-1O°C) - 120-150 MHH. TIe pen BTOpbIM 6pO:>KeHlieM TeCTO BbIHOCHT B xononHoe nOMell.(eHlie. Bo BpeMfi BToporo 6pO:>KeHliH KYCKH TeCTa HeCKonbKO pa3 npOMHHaIOT. Bmpoe 6pO:>KeHlie MO:>KeT 6bITb npoli3BeneHo B ne:>Kax. ,UeneHlie Ii oKpyrneHlie li3nenliH npoli3BOnm B PY'lHYIO. <I>OpMOBKY npOli3BOnJIT c 60nbllillM KOnliQeCTBOM MYKH 1J.JIfi Toro, tff06bI li3nenlifl nonY'illJ1liCb M}''ilillCTbIMH, C wepoxoBaToH nOBepXHocTblO. 237 
l' a G nIl U R 137 Byn01JKH MOn01JHI>le Pcuenrypa H PC)!(lIM npKl'OTOSnCHHH TeCTa 6e30napHbIM cnoco60M AJlR KaJIa'leH H ClITHH'IKOB MOCKOBCKHX HBHMeHOBRHHC CbIpbR, nonYcl>a6pmcaToB H nOK83aTeneH npoucc ca PaCXOn CbIpb>I H napa- MCTpbI npouccca no CTanHHM Eyno'IKl1 MOnO'lHble Bblpa6aTbIBalOT no faCT 27844-88 H3 mUeHI1'lHOH M)'KH BbIcLUero copTa oKpyrnoH I1nl1 npOnonroBaToM cpOpMbI C 3aocTpeHHbI- MIl KOHQaMM, C Hanpe3aMM, MaccoM 0,111 0,2 Kr. OpHeHTHpOBO'lHble pa3MepbI l1,IHI H3nenl1M IIpononroBaToM cpOpMbI: MaccoM 0,2 Kr: WII1Ha 18-20 CM, urnpHHa 8-10 CM; MaCCOM 0,1 Kr: WIHHa 10-13 CM, urnpHHa 8-)0 CM. ,lJ,HaMeTp 6ynOtIeK MaccoM 0,2 Kr - 10-12 CM; MaCCOM 0,1 Kr - 8,5- 10,5 CM. npl1rOTOBneHHe TeCTa np0l13BOnJIT onapHblM HJII1 npyrHMM cnoco6a- MM, npHMeHfIeMblMM WIH npl1rOTOBneHI1H XJIe6a H3 nLUeHH'lliOH M}'KI1 (Ta6n. 138). TeCTO p83nenKa KYCKH TeCTa WIJI CHTHI1'IKOB CHatIana 1I0nKaTbIBalOT B M}'Ke. npouecc 4>opMoBaHHH K3JIalJa COCTOI1T 113 cnenyromHx oneparurM. OKpyrneHHbIH KYCOK TeCTa paCKaTbIBaIOT, 6epYT n3JIbHHM KOHeu 11 3arH6alOT ero Ha cepe- mmy paCKaTaHHoro KYCKa, npl1)1QfMalOT, 3aTeM KYCOK crH6alOT nOlIonaM. nonY'I11BurnMCJI kYCOK 06eHMM PYKaMM 3aKaTbIBalOT B 6aTOH C YTOnme- HHeM IIO cepenHHe H C YTOHlJeHHbIMH KOH1.1aMM. .!],IUI 06pa30BaHI1H PY'IK11 K3JIalJa KOH1.1bI COeWIHJIIOT. CCPOpMOBaHHble Kan:a1JH HJIH CI1THH'IKH YKnanbIBalOT Ha nOCbIlIaH- HbIe MyKOM nOCKI1. Bo H36e>KaIme 3aBeTpl1BaHI1H 11 WIJI nYlJIlIeM paCCTOMKI1 H3nenl1H HaKpbIBalOT TKaHblO. npOnOn)lQfTenbHOCTb paCCTOMKI1 40-90 MMH npH TeMlIepaTYpe 25-30 D C. nepen nocanKoM B lIe'll> Y paccToHBurnxcH K3JIa1leH Ha yronLUeHHoM tIaCTH nenalOT rny60KI1H nOnpe3. nOnpe3aHHYIO 'laCTb (ry6y) OTBOpa'lli- BalOT B CTOpoHY nY>KKH H rycTo nOCbIlIalOT 11 3aTI1palOT MyKOH, 3aTeM LUeT- KOM CMeTalOT M}'KY, nocne tIero "ry6y" B03BpamalOT B I1CXOnHoe nono- >KeHHe. nepen YKnanKoM Ha non ne'lli K3JIa'll! cnerKa paCTHrl1BalOT pYKaMM. BbIlIe'IKa 113nenHM np0I13Bop,HTCH B CHJIbHO YBna>KHeHHOH lIeKapHoH KaMepe IIpl1 TeMnepaTYpe 250-290D. npOnOn)lQfTenbHOcTb BbIlIe'IKl1 Ka. nalJeM H CHTHH'lKOB MaccoM 0,1 Kr 10-12 MMH; MaccoM 0,2 Kr - 16-18 MMH. MYKa nlI1CHlI'lHM XJlC60nCKapHa51 BbIClI1erO copTa, Kr .lIpO)l()!(lI XJlc60nCKapHbIC npeCCOBaHHbIe, Kr Conb nOBapCHHM nlllUeBM, Kr Bona, Kr TCMncpaTYpa HR'IaJIbHM, 0 C np0/J:on)l(llTeJlbHOCTb ncpBoro GpO)l(eHII5I TeCTa, MIIH npOAOJl)!(llTCJlbHOCTb BToporo GpO)l(eHlIH TeCTa, MIIH TCMncpaTypa nOMelUCHlIH p;JJH nepBoro 6pO)l(eHlI5I TCCTa, 0 C TCMncpaTYpa nOMClUeHHH AJlH BToporo GpO)l(eHHH TeCTa, 0 C KHcnOTHOCTb KOHC'lHM, I'p3JI., He 60_ncc 238 88-92 1.0 1,5 12-8 no pac'IcTY 26-29 120-150 120-150 24-28 6-10 2,5 l' a 6 n II U a 138 Peucnrypa H PC)!(lIM npmOTOBneHHR TecTa onapHblM cnoco60M I1J1H 6yno'leK MonO'IHbIX Pacxon CbIpbR H napa- MeTpbI npouccca no CTa,II.HJlM HBHMeHOBaHHC CbIpbR, nonycl>a6pmcaToB H nOK83aTeneH npoueCCB onBpB TeCTO 55 -45 45 -55 1,5 0,5 1,0 no paC'ICTY 35,0 22,0 BCH 29-30 30-31 210-240 40-90 3,0-3,5 3,0 MYKa nlI1eHlI'IHaH XJlC60nCKapHM BbIClI1erO copTa, Kr .Ilpo)l()!(lI XJlc60nCKapHbIe npCCCOBaHHble, Kr Conb nOBapeHHM nllIIlCBaH, Kr BOAa, Kr MonOKO ueJlbHOC, KrO< Ona pa, Kr TCMnepaTypa Ha'laJIbHM, 0 C npOAOJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6P0)l(CHlIH, MIIH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaH onapbl. rpap; KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaH TeCTa, I'p3JI., HC Gonce .. )lonYCKaeTC5I 3aMCHa MOJlOKa ucnbHoro Ha Ka3ClIHaT B KOJlll'lCCTBC 3,0 Kr C p;o- GaBJIcHlICM 2,0 Kr Maprapillia. B rOTOBYIO onapy IIpH lIepeMeurnBaHHH BHOCHT Cblpbe, npenYCMOT- peHHoe peuemypoH. Ka3eHHaT BHOCHT npl1 3aMece TeCTa nH60 B CYXOM Bl1,!J;e B CMeCH C MYKOM, nH60 B Bl1ne 3MynbCHI1 113 Bcero KOnH'leCTBa Ka- 3el1HaTa, Maprapl1Ha 11 10-15 n BOnbl IIpH TeMlIepaTYpe, 06eClIe'll!BalOLUeii TeMlIepaTYPY TeCTa. 3aMec IIpOH3BOWIT no 1I0nYtIeHI1H OnHOpOnHOH MaCCbl. TeCTo nenHT nenl1TenbHblMM MaurnHaMM H OKpyrnHIOT. nocne neneHHH H oKpyrneHHH WIH nonY'leHI1H 113nenl1M npononroBa- TOM cpOpMbll1cIIonb3YlOT 3aKaTO'lHble ManIHHbl. CcpopMOBaHHbie TeCTOBble 3arOTOBKH HanpaBnHIOT Ha paCCTOMKY. npo- nOn)lQfTenbHOcTb paccTOHKH 35-55 MMH. nepen 1I0canKOM B ne'll> Ha 1I0BepXHocTH 3arOTOBOK nenalOT Hanpe3bI. 239 
Xne6 paMeOCKIDI TeCTOBble 3arOTOBKH lJ)UI $OpMOBOrO XJIe6a YKnaJJ;bmaIOT B Kpyrnble $OpMbI,H HanpaBnHIOT B paCCTOHHble IlIKa$bI. TecToBble 3arOTOBKH lJ)UI nOJJ;OBoro XJIe6a YKJIaJJ;bIBaIOT Ha $aHepHble nHCTbl, nrran<H HnH B KapMaHbl nIOneK paCCTOHHbIX IlIKa$OB. TIpoJJ;omlGlTenbHOCTb paCCTOHKH: 11)HI $opMOBoro XJIe6a 45-50 MHH, 11)JJI nOJJ;OBoro XJIe6a 40-45 MHH. / TIepeJJ; nocanKoH B ne'Ib TeCTOBble 3arOTOBKH HaKanbmaIOT. BbITIe'lKY H3JJ;enHH npoH3BonHT B yBna)I(HeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe npH TeMIlepaTYpe 205-225°C. TIpoJJ;omlGlTenbHOCTb Bbme'lKH XJIe6a paMeHcKo- ro $OpMoBoro 37-43 MHH, nOJJ;OBoro - 22-28 MHH. TIepeJJ; BbleMKOH 1'13 ne'lH nOBepXHOCTh XJIe6a onpblCKHBaIOT BOJJ;OH. Bbme'lKY npoH3BOJJ;HT B ne'IaX pa.3rrH'lHblX KOHCTpyKIUiH C yBna)I(HeH- HOH neKapHOH KaMepoH npH TeMnepaType 190-210°C. TIpoJJ;on)l(}fTenb- HOCTb Bbrne'lKH H3JJ;enHH MaccoH 0,1 Kr - 14-16 MHH; MaccoH 0,2 Kr - 18-20 MHH. Xne6 paMeHcKHH Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT 1'13 nllIeHH'lHOH M)'KH BblCllIero COp- Ta no OCT 18-324-78, $OpMOBblM MaccoH 0,5 Kr 1'1 nOJJ;OBbIM MaccoH 0,3-0,5 Kr. cI>OpMOBoH XJIe6 BbmeKaIOT B Kpyrnblx $opMax, nOJJ;oBbrn HMeeT oKpyr- nyIO HnH npoJJ;onroBaTO-OBaJIbHYIO $opM)'. TecTo rOTOBHT onapHbIM cnoc060M HnH Ha )l(HJJ;KHX onapax C Hcnonb- 30BaHHeM npeccoBaHHblx JJ;p0)l{)I{eH (Ta6rr. 139) . BynOQKH C M8KOM l' a 6 JI II Ll a 139 EynO'IKH C MaKOM Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT no fOCT 27844-88 1'13 nllIeHH'lHOH MYKH I copTa. Macca 6yno'leK C MaKOM 0,1 Kr, $opMa KBaJJ;paTHaH, C TpeMH HnH 'Ie- TblpbMH npHTHCKaMH; nOBepXHOCTb nOCbmaHa MaKOM. TecTo rOTOBHT onapHblM cnoco60M, Ha 6onbllIoH rycToH onape HnH YCKOpeHHbIM cnoco60M. TIapaMeTpbI no CTaJJ;J.lHM TeXHOnOrH'IeCKOrO npouecca npHBeJJ;eHbl B Ta6rr. 140. PCl{emypa H peJKHM npHrOTOBnCHHJI TeCTa J1JIH XJlc6a paMcHcKoro PBCXOn CbIpbJI H nBpBMeTphl npOneccB HlUJMeHOBBHHe ChIpbH, no cnoc06BM H CTIIJIIDlM nony4>a6pHKBToB H nOK83BTeneH npOneccB onapHhIH HB >K1f,p;KHX onspsx onsps I TeCTO onsps I TeCTO MYKa 1I1I1eHlI'IHa51 XJlc60llcKapHa51 BbIClI1CrO 45 -55 55 -45 25-35 75-65 copTa, Kr llpO)l()I(lI XJlc60llCKapHbIc npeCCOBaIlHbIC, Kr 2,0 2,0 COJIb nOBspeHHa51 nllIUCBa5l, Kr 1,5 I,S BOl1 a ,Kr 30-32 110 pac- 62-72 110 pac- 'IeTY 'leTY Onspa, Kr BC5I BC51 Csxsp-nccoK, Kr 2,0 2,0 MaprapHH CTOJlOBblil C cOI1Cp)l(aIllICM )l(lIpS 2,0 2,0 82%, Kr TCMncpsTypa Ha1laJIbHa5l, a C 27 -29 29-31 28-30 28-30 npol10Jl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6p0)l(eHlI5I. Mml 210-240 80-90 210-260 30-45 KlIcnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHa51 onapbI, rpaJ1 2,5-3,5 3,5-4,0 KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHa51 TCCTa, rpM, He 60ncc 3.0 3.0 l' a 6 n H Ll a 140 PCl{enTypa n peJKHM npnrOTOBJleHHH TCCTa pa3HbIMH cnoco6aMn )1M 6yno'icK C MaKOM HaHMCHOBaHUe CbIphH. nonY4>a6pHKsTOB H nOKa3aTeneH nponecca Pacxon CbIpbJl H nspBMeTPbI npon eccs no cnoc068M H CTII,/UUlM onapHhIH YCKOpeHHbIH onapa TecTO pa3- neJIKa PS3- neJ1KS 240 MYKa 1I1I1eHlI'IHa51 XJle601lCKapHa51 45 -55 55 -45 100 ncpBoro cOpTa, Kr llp0)l()I(lI XJle60neKapHble npCCCOBaH- 1,5 2,5 'HbIC, I<r COJIb nOBapCHHa51 nmueBa5l, Kr 1,5 1,5 BOlla. Kr 29-30 no pac- no pac- 1ICTY 1IeTY Qnapa. Kr BC» Caxap-necoK, Kr 6,0 6,0 MaprapllH CTOJlOBbIfi C cOnep)l(aHlIeM 3,0 3,0 )l(lIpa 82%. Kr MOJlo'IHa51 CbIBopoTKa HaTypaJIbHa5l, 10-15 Kr MaK, Kr 0,7 0,7 TCMnepaTypa Ha'laJlbHa5I, a C 29-30 28-30 28-32 241 fOTOBoe TeCTO JJ;enHT Ha JJ;enHTenbHbIX MaurnHax. TIpH Bblpa60TKe Kpyr. nbIX XJIe60B ($OpMOBbIX HJIH nonOBbIX) $opMOBKa npoH3BOJJ;J.lTCH Ha OP;HOM HnH P;ByX nocnenOBaTenbHO nOCTaBJIeHHblX oKpyrJIHTenHX. .J])U1 nonY'leHHH H3p;eJIHH npop;onroB8TO-OBaJIbHOH $OpMbl npoH3BOJJ;J.lTCH P;O' nonHHTenbHaH $opMOBKa TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK B 3aKaT9'1HOH MaurnHe. 
np0l10n)l(eHlIC Ta6J1. 140 Ta6J1Hua 141 HaHMeHOBaHHe ChIphH, nonY4>a6pm<:aToB H nOKa3aTeneH npouccca PaCXOA CbIpbH H napaMeTpbI npouecca no cnoc06aM H CTIIAHHM PcUcnTypa n pe)!(llM npHrOTOBJlCHWI TeCTa Ha 6oJlb1I10H rYCTOH ouapc II YCKOPCHHbIMII cnoco6aMII Mil GYJlO'lCK nCTCKHX onapHblH YCKopeHHbIH onapa TeCTO pll3- AMRa HaHMeHOBaHHe ChIPhH. nony4>a6pm<:aTOB H nOKlI3aTeneH npouccca pll3- AenKa nponOn)!(llTCnbIIOCTb 6pOJKCHlIH, MHH 240-270 60-90 KllcnoTHOCTb KOHe'IHM onapbI, rpaJJ. 3,5 -4,0 KHcnoTHoCTb KOHe'IHa51 TeCTa, 1'p8A, 3,5 HC 60nce 60-90 3,5 MYKa nlI1eHWlHaH XJle60ncKapHM ncpBoro cOpTa, Kr J].PO)l()I(lI XJlC60ITeKapHblc npcccoBaJ{- Hble, Kr TecTo nemlT Ha nenHTenbHbiX MarIIHHaX HnH BPYtIHylO. TIocne oKpyrneHHH c<l>opMoBaHHbie 3aroToBKH TeCTa YKnanbIBaIOT Ha paCCTOHHHH He 60nee 10 MM npyr OT npyra Ha nHCTbl H HanpaBnHloT Ha paccTOHKY. TIponOn)l(}UenbHOcTb paccToHKH 50-60 MHH. ITepen nocaro<oH B ne'lb nOBepxHocTb 6ynOlJeK onpblcKHBalOT BOnOH H nOCbmaIOT MaKOM. BbmelJKY npOIBBOnHT B ne'IaX pa3nIi'lHbIX KOHCTPYKUHH C YBna)!(HeH- HOH neKapHoH KaMepoH npH TeMllepaTYpe 1 60-200° C B TelJeHHe 21-23 MIIH. COJIb nOBapeHHa51 nllIIIeBa5l, Kr Bona, Kr Onapa, Kr KMK3, Kr Caxap-neCOK, Kr MaprapllII CTOJlOBbIil C cOl1cp)l(aHlICM )l(lIpa 82%, Kr TCMnepaTypa Ha1laJIblla5l, 0 C nponOJl)l(l!TCJlbHOCTb 6PO)l(CHH5I, MHH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHa51 onapbl, I'pa.u KlIcnoTHoCTb KOHC'lHa51 TeCTa, l'p8A, HC 60Jlcc BynOqKH neTCKHe EynOlJKH neTCKHe BbIpa6aTbIBalOT H3 nllIeHH'lHOH M)'KH nepBOrO copTa no fOCT 27844-88. Pacxog CbIphH H napaMCTpbI npouccca no cnocoGaM H CTIIAHHM Ha 60JIbWOH rYCTOH onape YCKOPCHHbIH Ha KMK3 onapa I TeCTO I OTAC1IKa TeCTo I OTl1enKa 63-68 35-30 2,0 94-93 2,0 3,0 3,0 1,0 1,0 33-39 no pac'I. no pac'I. BCH 10-12,5 15,0 5,0 15,0 5,0 2,5 2,5 25-27 29-31 29-32 240-270 40-50 60-90 3,5 -4,0 3,5 3,5 TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH HanpaBnHIOT Ha paCCToHKY. TIponOmlGfTenbHOCTb paccToHKH 40-50 MHH. BbmelJKY npon3BOnHT B neqax pa3nH'lHbiX KOHCTPYKLlHH C yBna:>KHeH- HOH neKapHoii KaMepoH npH TeMnepaTYpe 190-230° C B TelJeHHe 20-22 MHH. Eyno'IKH neTCKHe npenCTaBnHIOT C060H llITY'lHbIe H3nenHH MaCCOH 0,1 H 0,05 Kr, KBanpaTHoH <l>opMbI C 3-4 npHTHCKaMH OT conpHKocHoBe- HIDI 6ynOlJeK BO BpeMH Bbme'IKH Ha nHCTax. BepXHHH KopKa OTnenaHa KpolliKOH. TecTo roTOBHT onapHbIM, Ha 60nbllIoH rycToH onape, 6e30napHbIM H YCKOpeHHblMH cnoc06aMH (Ta6n. 14I). Ll.eneHHe H nOnKan<y TeCTa npoH3BOnHT Ha nenHTenbHo-oKpyrnHTenb- HbIX MallIHHax 1J)IH MenKOllITY'IHbiX H3nenHH. C<l>opMoBaHHbIe 3arOTOBKH onpbICKHBalOT BonOH H nOCbmalOT KpollIKOH, nocne lJero 3arOTOBKH YKna;:r.bIBaIOT TaK, lJT06b1 B rOTOBbiX H3nenHHX 6bmH npHTHCKH C 3-4 CTOpoH. .II.rrH npHroToBneHHH KpOlliKH B MaprapHH, cnerKa nonOrpeTbIH no cMeTaH006pa3HOrO COCTOHHHH, BHOCHT caxap H M)'KY. CMecb TILlaTenbHO nepeMelllHBalOT no nonYlJeHHH omropomroii: MaCCbl H npoTHpalOT Ha CHTe. Byno'lKa "OKTJI6peHOK" EynOlJKH "OKTH6peHOK" I!bIpa6aTbIBaIOT no fOCT 27844-88 H3 nllIe- HH"ROH M)'KH I copTa C n06aBneHHeM cyxoro 06e3:>KHpeHHoro MonOKa, MaccoH 0,08 Kr. Eyno'IKH HMelOT oKpyrnylO <l>opM)', opHeHrnpoBO'IHbIH 1J;HaMeTp 8-9 CM. TecTO roTOBHT Ha 6onbllIOH rycToH onape (TaM. 142) WIH YCKOpeH- HbiM cnoco60M. B CBH3H C TeM, 'ITO peuenTypoH npenycMoTpeHo 6onbllIoe KOnHlJeCTBO cyxoro 06e3:>KHpeHHoro MonOKa, TeXHonorHH npHrOTOBneHHH TeCTa no 3TOMY cnoc06y HeCKonbKO OTnHlJaeTCH OT 06ILlenpHHHTOH: npeCCOBaHHbIe npo)!(:>KH BHOCHT lJaCTH'lHO B onapy (1 %), a OCTanbHoe KOnHlJeCTBO (2%) BHOCHT B TeCTO. 242 243 
npOnOml<HTenbHOCTb 3aMeca TeCTa B Mallnmax nepHOjJ;H'IeCKOrO neH- CTBHJI THna A2-XTE 15-25 MllH. npH HenpepbIBHoM 3aMece TeCTa npH- MeHJleTCJI nononHHTenbHaH MeXaHH'IeCKIUI 06pa60TKa. TecTo cpa3Y no- cne 3aMeca nHnKoe Ha OLIIynb. B npollecce 6po>KeHHH, BcnenCTBHe Ha6y- XaHHJI 6enKoB MonOKa, TeCTO CTaHOBHTCH CYXHM Ha oIIlynb, :maCTH'lHbIM. nOBbIIlleHHaR Ha'lanbHaJi H KOHe'IHaJi KHcnOTHOCTb TeCTa 06ycnoBne- HbI nOBblIlleHHOH KHCnOTHOCTbIO onapbl H 6Y$epHOCTbIO cyxoro MonOKa. ,l],eneHHe TeCTa Ha KYCKH npOH3BOnJiT nenHTenbHblMll MalillmaMll MH BPY'IHyro. TecToBble 3arOTOBKH oKpyrnJlIOT H YKnaJJ;blBalOT Ha mlCTbI HnH nOC- KH, nOKpblThIe lUIaTKaMll. nponOn>KIUenbHOCTb paccToHKH 50-70 MHH. Bbme'IKY nH3BOnJiT B yBna>KHeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe npH TeMne- paTYpe 180-190 C B Te'leHHe 14-16 MllH. Ja(lJIIIQa 143 Pellemypa H pellCHM npHl"OTOBJJeHRJI TeCTa fta 6onz.woA rycTOA onape AJIR 6ynO'lKH .,KOJIOK" HBllMeHOBlUlHe CbIpl>R, Dony4ml5pHKaToB H DOKa3aTeJIeH lip Ollecca Paexop; CbIpbJI H nap8MeTpbI 1Ip01l8CCa no CT8p;BJIM onapa pas- p;enKa MYKa nlI1CHlI'IHM XJlC60nCKapHM I COpTa, Kr J1PO)l()!(lI XJlC60nCKapHblc npeccOBaIlHbIC, 1(1' Conb nOBapeHHM nllIIIeBaH. Kr B O l1a,Kr 70,0 1,0 28,0 2,0 1,5 no pac- 1ICTY BCR 3,0 20,0 2,0 29-30 50-60 2.0 41-45 l' a 6 nIl u a 142 Onapa, Kr Caxap-nccoK. Kr MonoKo cyxoc 06C3)1(lIpeHHOC, Kr Macno nOI1COnHC'IHOC, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbIIa5l, C C nPOl10n)!(llTCJlbIIOCTb 6pOJKCHWI, MHH KHCJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHa51 onapbl, rpaA KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM TCCTa, I'p He Gonce 28-30 240-270 3,5 -4,5 Pellcmypa H PC)I(l!M npHrOTOBJlCHHR TCCTa Ha 6onbwoH ryeToH onapc AJIH 6YJlO'lKH "OKTR6peHOK" 5,5 2,0 B CBJl3H C TeM, '!TO pel\enTypOH npenYCMOTpeHO 60nbIllOe KOnH'IeCT- BO cyxoro 06e3>KHpeHHOro MonOKa, TeXHOnOrHJI npuroToBneHHJI TeCTa no :noMY cnoc06y HeCKonbKO OTnH'IaeTCJI OT 06IIlenpHHHToH: npeCCOBaHHbIe npo>K>KH BHOCJlT 'IaCTH'lHO B onapy (1%), a OCT3)1bHoe KOnH'IeCTBO (2%) BHOCJlT B TeCTO; KHcnOTHOCTb onapbl K KOHl\)' 6pO>KeHHJI non>KHa 6bITb HeCKonbKO BbIllie 06bI'lHOH, npHMepHo Ha 0,5-1 rpan; nponOn>KHTenb- HOCTb 3aMeca TeCTa B Mannmax nepHOjJ;H'lCCI<Oro neHCTBHJI nma A2-XTE 18-20 MllH, npH HenpepbIBHoM 3aMece npHMeHJlIOT nononHHTenbHyIO Me- XaHH'leCKYIO 06pa60TKY. Bce :no o6ecne'l}lBaeT ynY'lIlleHHe CTPYI<TypHO- MeXaHH'IeCKHX CBOHCTB TeCTa, yBenH'IeHHe ynenbHoro 06wMa H3nenHii H 60nee pa3BHTYlO nopHCToCTb MHKHIlla. TeCTo Cpa3Y >Ke nocne 3aMeca 6bIBaeT JIHllKHM Ha oIIlynb. B npollecce 6po>KeHHJI, BCnenCTBHe Ha6YX3.HHJI 6enKoB MOnOl<a, TeCTO CTaHOBHTCJI CYXHM Ha OIIlynb, 3naCTH'lHbIM. BbICOKaJl Ha'lanbHaJi KHcnOTHOCTh TeCTa 06ycnoBneHa HeCKOnbl<O nOBbI- IlleHHoH KHcnOTHOCTblO onapbI H BblCOKOH 6y$epHOH cnoc06HoCTblO BHOCH- Moro MOnOl<a, '!TO npoHBnHeTCH YBenH'IeHHeM THTpyeMoH KHCnOTHOCTH TeCTa. B npol\ecce 6po>KeHHH TeCTa I<HCnOTHOCTb ero no'ITH He yBenH!IH- BaeTCJI H B roTOBbIX H3nenHHX He npeBblIllaeT HOpMbI, YCTaHOBneHHOH CTaH- napTOM. fOToBoe TeCTO nenHT Ha nenHTenbHbIX MallUmax. TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH oKpyrnJlIOT Ha oKpyrnHTenbHbIX Mallnmax H YKnaAbIBalOT Ha nlOnbKH paCCTOHHblX YCTPOHCTB HnH Ha nHCTbI. npOAomKHTenbHOCTb paCCTOHKH C$opMOBaHHbIX TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT YCJlOBHH 35-60 MllH. Bbme'IKY H3AenHH nH3BoAHT B YBna>KHeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe npH TeMnepaType 185-195 C B TeqeHHe 16-18 MilH. H8HMeHOBaH}!e CbIpbJl. nonY4>a6pm<:aTOB H nOKa3aTeJIeH npOllCCCB PBCXOP; ChIpbJl H napaMeTpbI npOllecca no CT8)J;lIJ1M onapa P83- )J;eJIKa MYKa nlI1eHlI'IHa51 XJlc60neKapHM I eopTa, Kr J1POJK)I(lI XJlc60neKapHblc npCCCOB8HHbIC, Kr COJIb nOBapeHHa51 nHIIIeBa5l. Kr BOlla, Kr 70,0 1,0 28,0 2,0 1,5 no pac- 1ICTY BeH 12,0 3,0 20,0 29-30 50-60 41-45 Onapa, Kr Caxap-necoK, Kr Macno nOJJ,COJlHC'IHOC, Kr MOJlOKO eyxoc 06e3JKHpCHHOC, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha'l3lIbHaH, C C npOJJ,on)l(l!TCJlbHOCTb 6pOJKCHlI5I, MlIH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaR OllapM, rpaJJ, KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHa51 TCCTa, I'paA, HC 60Jlee 28-30 180-240 3,5 -4,5 5,5 Byno1JKa "l<on0601<" Eyno'IKH "I<On060K" BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT no fOCT 27844-88 H3 nIlleHH'I- HOH MYKH I copTa C n06aBneHHeM cyxoro 06e3>KHpeHHOrO MOnOl<a. Eyno'IKH npenCTaBnHIOT C060H H31J,enHJI oKpyrnoH $OpMbI, MaCCOH 0,1 H 0,05 Kr. OpHeHTHpoBO'IHbIH jJ;HaMeTp 6yno'leK MaccoH 0,1 Kr - 10-11 CM, MaccoH 0,05 Kr -7- 8 CM. TecTo rOTOBHT Ha 6onbIllOH rYCTOH onape (Ta6n. 143). 244 245 
PO>KKH 8.JITaHCKHe qeHJ.!:e 10-11 MHH, nocne qero H3)].emUI 4>OpM)'IOT Ha ManrnHe H 3aTeM Ha- npaBn.l!lOT Ha OKOHqaTenbHYIO paccToHKY. npOnomKHTenbHocTb OKOH'IaTenbHOH paccTOHKH 30-40 MHH. Bbme'lKY H3p;enHH npoH3BOn.l!T B YBna)I(HeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe B Te'leHHe 20-22 MHH npH TeMnepaTYpe 200-260°C. PO)!(l(H amaHCKHe BbIpa6aTbIBalOT no .fOCT 27844-88 H3 mneHH'lHOH M)'KH BbICllIero HI COpTOB. PmKKH aJ1TaHcKHe npenCTaBn.l!lOT co60H H3nemul npononrOBaTOH 4>op- MbI B BHge Tpy60'lKH C TynbIMH KOHllaMH, MaccoH 0,1; 0,1 5 H 0,2 Kr. OpH- eHTHpOBO'IHbIe pa3MepbI P0)!(l(OB aJ1TaHCKHx MaccoH 0,2 Kr: MIUHa 24- 26 CM, nrnpHHa 4-6 CM. TecTo rOTOB.I!T 6e30napHbIM H YCKopeHHbIM cnoc06aMH (Ta6n. 144). H3)].emul XJIe606YJ10'lHbIe MeJ1Konrryqm.Ie Ta 6n II Lla 144 113nenHH xne606YJ10'IHbIe MeJ1KOIIIT}"lHbIe BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT no fOCT 24298-80 H fOCT 27844-88 H3 IIllIeHH'IHOH MYKH BbICllIero HJ1H nepBoro COpTOB, OKpyrJ10H HIDI OB8.JIbHOH 4>OpMbI Ha KOMIUIeKcHO-MeXaHlI3HpoBaH- HbIX HIDI MexaHH3HpOBaHHbIX J1liHIDIX CJ1e1J.YlOIWix HaHMeHoBaHuH H MaCChI: 6ynO'lKH apOMaTHbIe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0,05 Kr; 6ynO'lKH rOp'IH'IHbIe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 0,05 Kr; 6ynO'lKH nHenpoBcKHe ................. 0,06 Kr; 6ynO'lKH KYHlleBcKHe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0,05 H 0,06 Kr; 6ynO'lKH CTOnH'IHbIe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 0,05 H 0,1 Kr; 6ynO'lKH C TMHHOM . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . .. 0,05 Kr. PCL\cnTYpa H pe)I(HM npllrOTOBJleHHH TeCTa pa3HbIMH cnoc06aMH J1JIH p01KKOB aJlTaHCKHx PacxojJ; CbIphfl H napaMeTphI npOLlccca HaHMeHOBaHHe CbIpbJl, nOJIY4>a6pHKaToB no cnoc06aM H CTM H nOK83aTeJIeH npOLlecca 6C3onap- YCKopeHHhIH RbIH Ha KMK3 Ha MOJIOq- HOH ChIBO- pOTKe TecTO TeCTO TeCTO EynO'lKH BbIpa6aTbIBalOT 6e3 ynaKOBKH H B ynaKoBKe. nOBepXHocTb 6ynO'leK MO)l(eT 6bITb C OTTHCKOM WIH 6e3 OTTHCKa OT IlITaMna. PellenTypa MenKOIIITY'IHbIX xne606yno'IHbIX H3nenHH nplIBeneHa B TaM. 145. MYKa nlI1eHM'IHa51 xncGoneKapHa51 BblClliero HJJlI 100,0 96-95 100,0 I COpTOB, Kr )J:PO)l()I(H xne60lIeKapHble npCCCOBaIlHbiC, Kr 3,0 3,0 3,0 COJIb nOBapcHHajJ 1I1IxueBaH, Kr 1,5 1,5 1,5 B O l1 a ,Kr 110 pac1IcTY no pac1IeTY no pac1IeTY Caxap-necoK, Kr 2,5 2,5 2,5 MaprapllH CTonOBblil C COAep)l(aHMCM )l(Hpa 2,0 2,0 2,0 82%, Kr KMK3, Kr 10-12,5 MOJlO'IHaH CbIBopoTKa HaTypaJIbHa5l, Kr 10-15 TeMlIepaTypa Ha1laJIbHaH, 0 C 27-29 31-33 31-33 npOAOJl)l(lITCJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHlIjJ, MlIH 150-180 40-60 40-60 KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHC'lHa51 TCCTa, rpa,n, HC 60ncc 3,5 3,5 3,5 npH npHrOTOBneHHH TeCTa 6e30napHbIM 11 YCKOpeHHbIM cnoc06aMll Bee CbIpbe 3aMenrnBalOT C npHMeHeHHeM YCWIeHHOH llnll IDITeHCIlBHOH Me- XaHH'leCKOH 06pa60TKH. TIpHMepHaH nponoml<HTenbHOCTb 3aMeca 2-4 MHH Ha ManrnHax HHTeHCllBHoro )].eHcTBHH WIH 20-24 MHH Ha TllXOXOp;HbIX Ma- IllliHax nepllo)J,H'leCKOrO )].eHcTBHH. .II.rrH YCKopeHllH npollecca c03peBaHHH H pa3pbIxneHHH TeCTa peKOMeH- gyeTcH BHOCllTb aKTHBHpOBaHHbIe npeCCOBaHHbIe npo)l()!(JoI HnH nml(eBble OpraHH'leCKHe KllCnOTbI (nllMOHHYIO, MOnO'IHYIO) B KOnll'leCTBaX, o6ecne- 'lllBaIOIllllX KHcnOTHOCTb rOTOBoro TeCTa. TecTo )].enHT Ha nenllTenbHblx ManrnHax. nocne oKpyrneHllH TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH lleneco06pa3HO nO)J.BepraTb npenBapHTenbHoH paccToHKe B Te- TecTo )J)IH MenKoIlITY'IHbIX H3nenHH rOTOB.I!T 6e30napHbIM HJ1H YCKO- peHHbIM cnoc060M (TaM. 146). PaccTOHKa TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK npollcxo}:U1:T B 2-x lllKa4>ax - npe)].- BapllTenbHoH II OKOH'laTenbHoH paccToHKH. npo)].oml<HTenbHOcTb npeABa- pHTenbHoH paccToHKH 8-12 MHH npH TeMnepaType 34-38°C, OKOHqaTenb- HOH paccToHKH - 20-30 MHH npH TeMnepaTYpe 36-40°C H OTHOCHTenb- HOH Bna>KHOCTll 60-80%. nocne npeJJ:BapHTenbHoH paccTOHKH Ha TeCTO- BbIX 3arOTOBKax MO)l(eT 6bITJ> HaHeceH OTTllCK IlITaMnOM. 113p;enllH BhIneKalOT Ha nony B yBna)I(HeHHOH neKapHOH KaMepe ne- 'leH TYHHenbHoro Tllna HJ1H J11060H )].pyroH MapKH npH TeMnepaTYpe 200- 260°C B TeqeHHe 13-19 MHH. rOTOBbIe 6YJ10'lKH MaccoH 0,1 Kr )'KJ1aJJ:bIBaIOT B J10TKH pHnaMH no 60 IIITyK, MaccoH 0,05 Kr H 0,06 Kr HaCbIllblO He 60nee 100 IIIT. Oxna>K,IJ;eHHbIe 6YJ10'lKH MorYT 6bITb ynaKoBaHbI no 2, 3 WIH 4 IIIT. B nneHKY nonH3TWIeHOBYlO, n0J1H3THJIeHOBYIO TepMoycagO'IHYIO WIH 6y- Mary C n0J1ll3THneHOBbIM nOKpbITHeM Ha pa3J1H'IHbIX ynaKOBO'IHbIX aBTO- MaTax C nocne)],YIOIIleH YKJ1a,IJ,KOH HX B J10TKH. 247 246 
l' a 6 n II n a 145 np0l10n)l(eHlIC Ta6n. 146 PCncnTypa MenKowTf'IIIbIX XJlt;rio6yno'lHbIX H3AeJIHH BYJIO'IKH spo- rop- AHen- KYHneBCKHe CTO- C HBHMeHOBlIHRe ChIpblI MaT- 'lHq- PQB- J1H'I- TMH- HbIe Hble CKHe H3 mne- H3 nwe- HhIe HOM IIH'IHoH HH'lHOH MYKH I C MYKH B/C HSHMeHOBaHHe CbIpbJI, nOJIY4>s6pHKaToB H nOKa3aTeneH nponecca 6e3- onapHbIH COJib nOBapCHHa5I nmueBa5I, Kr BOlla, Kr Caxap-nccoK, Kr MaprapHH CTOJlOBbltI C cOl1ep)l(aHHCM )l(lIpa 82%, Kr KMK3, Kr* npOAOJl)!(llTeJ1b!IOCTb 3aMcca, MlIH TCMUcpaTypa Ha1laJIbHa5I, 0 C np0l101DKllTeJlbIIOCTb 6p0)l(eHH5I, MHH KlIcnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHa51 TeCTa, rpa,o" HC 60ncc MyKa nlI1CHH'IHM xne- 60neKapHaII, Kr: I COpTa 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 BblClI1CrO copTa 100,0 100,0 100,0 .IlpO)l()Kli xnc60ncKap- 4,0 4,0 4,0 4,0 4.0 5.0 4,0 HbIe npCCCOB3HHbIC, Kr COJib nOBapeHHaH nllIue- 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 2,0 BM,Kr Caxap-necoK, Kr 12,0 6,0 9,0 7,0 7,0 2,0 1,0 MaprapHH CTOnOBbrH C 15,0 13,0 10,0 10,0 2.0 3,0 COACp)I(aIIllCM )l(Hpa 82%, Kr MOJlOKO neJlmOC, Kr 10,0 Macno rop'IH'lHOC, Kr 6,0 BHHorpaA cYIlleHblil, Kr 20,0 Opex MYCKa1HbrH, Kr* 0,05 Kapj1llMOH, Kr* 0,08 TMHH,Kr 0,8 1,5 no pac1IeTy 2,0 2,0 7,5 2-4 30-32 20-30 3,0 1,5 no pac1IeTy 2,0 2,0 10-20 28-30 90-120 3,0 *lIJIlI MOJlO'IHa51 CbIBopoTKa HaTypaJ1b!IM B KonH1IecTBC 10-20 Kr B 3aBIICHMOCTII OT ee KHcnomOCTlI. YnaKOBKY 6ynOQeK npoH3BolJ;1IT nocne oxna)l(jI,eHHJI He 60nee 'IeM 'Iepe3 3 qaca nocne BbIXOlJ;a 1'13 ne'lH. EynO'lKH MOCKOBCKHe Bblpa6aTbmalOT H3 nWeHH1JHOH M}'KH BbIClllero COpTa no fOCT 27844-88. Eyno'IKH MOCKOBCKHe npelJ;CTaBnHlOT C060H wTY1JHOe H3lJ;eJIHe OKpyr- nOH 4>OpMbI C TpeMJI HalJ;pe3aMH Ha nOBepXHocTH, MaCCOH 0,2 Kr. ,Il,HaMeTp H3lJ;emrn 13-15 CM. TecTo rOToBHT mo6bIMH cnoc06aMH, npHH1ITbIMH B xne60neqemrn rom H3lJ;eJIHH H3 nIneHH'lHOH MYKH. TIpelJ;nO'ITHTenbHbIM JlBnHeTCH 6e30napHbIH cnoco6 (TaM. 147). Byno'iKa MOCKOBCKIUI * YKa3aIIHOC KOJlH1ICCTBO Kapp;aMOHa II MYCKamoro opcxa MO)l(eT 6bITb 3aMCHCHO: KOpllaHj1pOM B KOJIH1IeCTBe 0,5 Kr lIJIlI KopllIleil B KOn1l1leCTBe 0,5 Kr C 1106aBncHlIcM Ba- HlIJIHHa 0,02 Kr. l' a 6 JI II U a 146 Ta6J1l1ua 147 PcncI!TYpa H pexat:M npllrOTOBJlCHH5I TeCTa 6e30napHbIM cnoco60M AlIII 6y JlO1leK MOCKOBCKHX Pen C U1Ypa H pe)l(llM npHrOTOBJlCHHII TeCTa 6C30napHbiM H YCKOPCHHblM cnoco6aMII AJIII 6YJlO'lCK CTOJlll'lHbIX HBHMeHOBaHHe ChIpbH, nonycpa6pHKaTOB H nOK33aTeneH nponecca HaHMeHOBaIIHe CbIpbJI, nonY4>a6pHKaTOB H nOKa3aTeneH npon ecca paCXOn CbIpbJI H napaMeT pbI npOIlecca no cnocoGIlM MYKa nIllCHH'IHa51 xnc60ncKapHM BbIClI1cro cOPTa, Kr )lP0)l()l(H xnc60llCKapHble npeCCOBaIlHbIC, Kr COJib nOBapCHHa5I nmuCBM, Kr BOj1ll,Kr Caxap-nCCOK, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbHa5l, 0 C np0l101DKllTCJlbHOCTb 6p0)l(eHlIH, MHH KlICJ1OTHOCTb KOHe'IHa51 TeCTa, rpa,o" HC 60ncc YCKopeH- HbIH Ha KMK3 6e3- onpHbm MYRa 1I1I1CHH'IHM xne60ncKapHaH BblClI1Cro COpTa, Kr )lP0)l()l(l! xnc60nCKapHblC npeCCOBaHHbIC, Kr 97,0 5,0 100,0 5,0 248 PaCXOn CblpbJI H napa- MeTphI nponecca 100,0 2,5 2,0 no pac1IeTy 1,0 27-29 180-210 3,0 249 
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BbIneKalOT CaHKll B YBJ1a)!(HeHHOH neKapHOH KaMepe npH TeMIIepaType 200-260° C. TIpoAomKHTeJ1bHOCTb Bbme'IKH caeK COCTaBJIJIeT: H3 M)'Kll BblClIlero H I COpTOB MaccOH 0,2 Kr . . . . .20-24 I\filH; H3 M)'KJ! II copTa MaCCOH 0,2 Kr. . .. .......... .22-26 Mlm; caHKH $opMoBbIe no 3 lIIT. MaCCOH 0,2 Kr . . . . . 36-38 Mill{. BbIIIe'lKy nOH3BoA1!T B }'BJ1a)!(HeHl:lOH neKapHOH KaMepe npH TeMne- paTYpe 200-220 C B Te'leHHe 23-25 MHH. II3)J;eJDUI XJIe606ynolIBhle c)J;o6HLle TIepe/J, BbleMKOH H3 ne'lli nOBepXI-IOCTh caeK onpblcKllBalOT BOAoH. Ta6nllQa 151 K rpynne H3)J;emrn XJIe606YJIO'lHbIX C/J,06HbIX OTHOCHTCH H3)J;emul, B pel1,enTYPY KOTOpbIX BXOA1!T caxap H >KHp B C}'MMapHOM KOJIH1leCTBe 14% If OOJIee (TaOO. 152). H3/J,eJIHH XJIeoo6YJIO'lHble Cno6HbIe Bblpa6anmalOT no rocT 24557- 81 H3 nlIleHH'lHOH M)'Kll nepBoro H BbICIllero COpTOB. IbneJIHH Cn06Hble BbIpa6aTbmaIOT CJIenylOlI.{HX HaHMeHOBaHHH H MaCCbl: 6YJIO'lKa "BecH}'IllKa" - 0,05 Kr oKpyrJIOH HJIH '1eThlpexyrOJIbHOH $OpMbI co CJIIIDaMH C 2-4-x CTOpoH; 6YJIo'lKa c)J;o6HaH - 0,1 Kr oKpymoH IUIH 'lenlpexyrOJIbHOH $o'PMbI co CJIIIDaMH C 2-4-x CTOpoH; 6yJIKa CJIaBIDiCKaH - 0,5 Kr, H3neJIHH OKpyrJIOH $OPMbI C npOnOJIbHLIMH If nOnepe'IHbIMH Ha,r(pe3aMH Ha nOBepXHocrn, o6pa3YlOII.{HMH Y30P B BH)J;e pOM6HKOB HJIH KBanparnKoB; 6YJIKa $PYKTOBaH - 0,2 Kr H3neJIllil oKpymoH $OpMbI; JIenelliKa CMeTaHHaH - 0,1 Kr oKpyrJIOH $OpMbI C HaKOJIaMH Ha nOBepx- HOCTH; 6pHoIllH - 0,065 Kr B BH)J;e nHpaMH)J;bI C OCHOBaHHeM H3 Tpex wapHKOB If C O}J,HHM IllapHKoM cBepxy; IIJIlOlliKa MOCKOBCKaH - 0,1 M 0,2 Kr pa3Hoo6pa3HoH $opMbI, COOT- BeTCTBYlOllIeH HaMMeHOBaHHIO, C '1eTKO Bblpa>KeHHbIM pHC}'HKOM, C OT/J,eJI- KOH caxapHLIM neCKOM; 6YJIO'lKa rpIDK,lJ;aHcKaH pa3JIH'IHOH $OpMbI MaCCOH 0,2 Kr: 6YJ1o'IKa OKpyrJIaH C Ha,r(pe3aMH Ha nOBepXHocTH, o6pa3YlOII.{HMH ceTKY; 6YJIo'IKa C I.{yKaTOM - B BHJJ:e JIeneIllKIf C pHC}'HKOM H3 I.{yKaTa; IIITpeJIH _ B BH,IJ;e 6aToHa co CJIerKa 3aocTpeHHblMH KOHl1,aMH H KOCbIMH Ha,r(pe3aMH Ha no- BepXHocrn (Bce TPH H3neJIHH OTnenaHbl npoOOeHbIM opexoM H caxapHblM necKoM); IllTOJIH - B BH)J;e CJ10>KeHHOH B1J,Boe JIeneIllKH, nOBepXHOCTh KOTo- pOH OT/J,eJIaHa nOManOH; BynKa C MOJIO'lHoii CbIBOpOTKOii EYJIKY C M0J10'IHOH cbmopoTKoH Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT B COOTBeTCTBHH C rOCT 27844-88 H3 nIlleIDI'IHOH M)'KH nepBoro copTa C n06aBJIeHHeM Ha- TYpaJIbHOH MOJIO'lHOH CbmopOTKH. EYJIKa C MOJIO'lHOH CbmopOTKOH npenCTaBnHeT C060H H3ne.rrne oKpyr- nOH IiIlli npO/J,OJIrOBaTO-OBaJIbHOH $OpMbI C nsYMH Hanpe3aMH MaCCOH 0,5 Kr. TecTo rOTOBJIT 6e30napHbIM MnH YCKopeHHbIM cnoco6aMH. TIpenno'l- THTeJIbHbIM HBJIHeTCH YCKopeHHbIH (moo. 151). PCQcnTYpa H PC)!(lIM npmOTOBnCHHH TeCTa YCKopeHHblM cnoco60M AM 6ymOi C MOnO'IHOH CblBOpOTKOH HIIHMeHOBSHHe ChIphR, nonY4>s6pHKsTOB H nOKa3aTeneii npoecca PSCXOn ChIphR H napa- MeTphI nponecca MYRa nlI1eHlI'IHaJI xJlC60nCKapHM nepBoro capTa, Kr llpO)l()l(l! xJlcGoncJ<apHbic npCCCOBaIillbIC, Kr Com, nOBapCHHaJI nllll(eBaH, Kr BOAa,Kr Caxap-nccoJ(, Kr MaprapHH CTOJlOBbrH C COp;epJKaIIMCM JKlIpa 82%, Kr CLmOpOTJ<a MOJlO'IHM HaTypaJlbHaH, Kr TCMncpaTypa Ha1laJIbIIM, DC np 0 I1 01DK lITCJl:bHOCTb 6pO)l(eHlUI, MHH KlIcnOTHOCTb KOllC'IHM TCCTa, rpap;, HC 60nec 100,0 3.0 1,5 no paC'lcTy 5,0 3,5 30,0 29-33 60-90 3,5 TecTo neJIHT Ha KYCKll MaIlIHHaMH H.rrn Bp}"IHyro. TIocne neneHHH, OK- pyrJIeHlliI H 3a.I<:aTKll (nrIH H3neJIHii npOAOJIrOBaTO-OBaJIbHOH $OpMbI) Kyc- Kll TeCTa nocTynaIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. TIpO/J,OJI>KHTeJIbHOCTh paccToHKll 40-50 MIIH, EynKY C MOJIO'll:lOH CbmOpOTKOH MO)((HO BbmeKaTh Ha nony IUIH Ha JUfCTax. TIepen nOCa)J;KoH B ne'lb Ha paCCTOHBIllHXCH TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBKax neJIaIOT 1J,Ba npJIMbIX IUIH KOCbIX Ha,r(pe3a. 254 255 
l' 8 6 n II u a 152 Bynoq- Byno1l- Byn- Bym<:8 nenew- B pDO- llmow- Ka K8 K8 4>PYK- Ka WB K8 HMeHOBBHHeCpbft .,Bec- CJ;\06H8JI CnaBJIH- TOBaJI CMeTBH- MOCKOB- YWK8' CKaft Haft CK8ft PenenTypa CA06HbIX H3,11enHH Byno'IK8 rpa)KJ;\aHCK8JI 6yno1lKa 6yno'IK8 Cg068 CJ;\06a Byno1l- B8TPYWK8 KpeH,JJ;CJU CJ;\068 KpynIaH Kpyrnlm 06hIKHO- BbI6opr- K8 CJ;\06H8JI BbI6opr- BbI60pr- C Ha,JJ.pe3a- C Ha,JJ.pe3a- BeHHaft CKaft CJ;\o6HaJI C TBOpOrOM CKHH CKaft MD, WTpHL\e- Mil, WTpH- C nOM8- 4>HrYP- JIll, 6y n01l- neJIH, (Me- J;\OB H8JI KH C nYKa- XBHH'leC- TOM) K8H o6pa- WTOJIH 60TKa) MYKa nlI1CHH'lHa5I xnc60nCKapHaft: BhIClI1Cro copra, 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0* 100,0 100,0 Kr I coPTa, J(J' 100,0 100,0 100,0 .D,pO)l()I(lf xneGoneKap- 3,0 5,0 4,0 2,0 4,0 4,0 4,0 4,0 4,0 1,5 2,5 4,0 2,5 2,5 2,5 HbIe npeCCOBaHHhIe, KI' COJib nOBapCHHa5I I!HII.\e- 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,5 1,0 0,75 1,0 0,8 0,8 1,5 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,0 BM,KI' CaxaIHIccoK, KI' 10,0 26,0 12,0 15,0 17,0 22,0 16,8 16,8 10,0 20,0 17,5 50,0 10,0 25,0 Macno CJIlIBO'IHoe HC- 10,0 15,0 24,0 14,0 15,6 15,6 7,0 7,0 25,5 10,0 10,0 conCHoc, KI' Macno nOj1CoJllic'lHOC, 0,5 0,5 0,5 J(J' MaprapHH CTOnOBbrH c 9,0 15,0 7,0 15,0 col1ep)l(aHHCM )K]1:pa 82%, J(J' MonoKo UenLHOC, KI' 15,0 30,0 20,0 20,0 13,0 CMCTalIa, Kr 20,0 TBopor 18%-Hoil )!(lIp- 100,0 HOCTII, Kr JIano KypHHOC B TeCTO, 325/13,0 350/14,0 25/1,0 50/2,0 50/2,0 25/1,0 300/12,0 425/17,0** 50/2,0 25/1,0 WT/KI' JIano Kypmroc Ha CMa3- 75/3,0 75/3,0 50/2,0 100/14,0 2 00/8,0 125/5,0 100/4,0 100/4,0 90/3,6 75/3,0 100/4,0 150/6,0 50/2,0 75/3,0 ICy, WT/KI: nOBJfAJlO HJIH BapeHbe, 12,0 12,0 J(J' BaHHJIHH, KI' 0,025 0,025 0,025 0,05 0,025 0,05 0,05 Opex, J(J' 2,0 3,0 BmrorpaA cyweHbrit, KI' 5,0 7,6 7,6 1,0 nyp;pa caxapHa5I, KI' 1,0 1,0 DaTOJ<a, KI' 2,0 2,0 2,0 [(yKaTbI, KI' 7,6 6,6 nOMa,IIfl, KI' 3,0 Caxap-nCCOK 1J)UI no- 17,5 16,0 MII,!I;b!, KI' · .D.onYCKacTCII npll BhIpa60TKC CAo6Hoil B8TpY1I1K11 C TBOpOrOM Ha KOMIIJICKCHO-Mcxa HH311pOBamIOD runum MaplQI XBn 'IaCTb MyKtt OT 1 ,110 3% OT 06r.qcro ee KOJll!1jeCTB8 no pcnelI'l)'pc BHOClITb B Ha'IHHKy. .. H3HIIX 225/9,0 B Ha'lllHKY. 9 3aK. 1116 256 257 
CA06a 06bIKHOBeHHaH - 0,05 H 0,1 Kr, pa3Ho06pa3HoH <pOpMbI, C '1eTKO BbIpa)f(eHHbIM pHC}'HKOM; HaH60nee pacnpocTpaHeHHbIe BH.IU>I C):{05bI _ YCTpHa, YCTPH.wl KpyrnaR, 6aHTIIK, Kp)"leHKa, BeH3em" po30'lKa, ymuKa, IUIeTeHKa; cAo6a BbI60prCKaH - 0,05 H 0,1 Kr pa3Ho06pa3HoH <pOpMbI C '1eTKO BbIa)f(eHHbIM _pHC}'HKOM C oTAenKoH caxapHbIM necKOM, nYAPoH, KpOIll- KOH, nOMa.n:oH, BapeHbeM WIH nOBHAJlOM, KpeMoM; HaH50nee pac- npocTpaHeHHbIe CA06bI - neneIllKa C Ha'IHHKOH, 5a60'lKa, rancTYK, MeABe)f(bf! nanKa, llHpO)f(OK C 3y6'IHKaMH, llHpO)f(OK TpeXPHAHbIH C 3y6'IHKaMH, llH- pmKoK C O,[\HHM KpbillbIIllKOM, nHpO)f(OK C ABYMR KpbillbIIllKaMH, 6aHTHK, KpyrnaH 6yno'lKa C nOBHAJlOM Ha nOBepXHocTH, nOCbIllaHHOH KpOIllKOH WIH caxapHoH nYApoH, <PHrypHbIe neneIllKH; cA06a, OTAenaHHaR PHCYHKOM H3 3aBapHoro TecTa; 6yn'1Ka cA06HaH C nOMaAOH - 0,05 H 0,1 Kr oKpyrnoH HnH '1eTbIpex-' yronbHoH_ <pOpMbI o cmmaMH C 2-4-x CTOpOH C BbmYKnoH nOBepXHOCTbIO, nOKpbITOH nOMaAOH; BaTpKa CA06aH C TBoporoM - 0,1 Kr oKpyrnoH <pOpMbI C OTKpbITOH TBOpO)f(HOH Ha'lliHKOH; KpeH,1J.eJIb BbI60prcKHH - 0,1 H 0,5 Kr B <popMe BocbMepKH C HanO)f(eH- HbIMH KOHlaMU nocepe.r:ume, OT/J,enaHHbIe nOMaAoH; c}],06a BLI60prcKaR <pHrypHaR - 0,05 H 0,1; 0,2 H 0,5 Kr pa3Ho06pa3HoH <POpMbI, 06bI'lH0 B BH}],e nTH )f(HBOTHbIX, pbI6 HAp. TIpHrOTOBneHHe TeCTa AJlf! CA06HbIX H3AenIDi npoH3BO,lUfTCJI onapHbIM Ha 60nbIllOH ryCTOH onape, 6e30napHbIM WIH YCKopeHHblMU cnoc06aMU: J1;If! npHroToBneHHR onapbI Hcnonb3YIOT 50% Apo)l()f(eH, eCnll KonH- '1eCTBO HX npeBbIllIaeT 3%. OpH pacxoAe Ap0)l()f(eH AO 3% Bce HX KOnH'IeCT- BOo Hcnonb3yeTcR npH 3aMece onapbI. Ha'laJIbHaH TeMIIeparypa onapbI 26- 30 C, npo/J,OJDKHTeJIbHOCTh 5po)f(eHHf! 210-270 MHH. Ha rOToBoH onape 3aMenrnBaIOT TeCTO. TIpH 3aMece B TeCTO BHOCJlT OCTaJIbHyIO M)'KY H CbIpbe npen;YCMOTpeHHbIe peenrypOH. Ha'laJIbHaH TeMIIepaTypa TecTa 28-32° C: npOAOn)f(HTenbHOcTb 6pO)f(eHHH 60-90 MHH. ,ami cA06bI BbI60prCKOH TecTO peKOMeHA}'eTCf! nOABepraTb 06MUHKe '1epe3 50-60 MUH nocne 3aMeca. TIpH npHrOTOBneHHH TeCTa Ha 60nbIllOH rycToii onape TeCTO nOABep- raIOT YCHneHHOH MexaHH'IeCKOH 06pa60TKe H nocne 20-40 MUHyrnoro 6pO)f(eHlliI HanpaBnmoT Ha pa3AenKY. Ee30napHbIH cnoc06 - oAHo<pa3HbIH, npeA}'CMaTpHBaeT BHeceHHe npH 3a- Mece TeCTa Bcero KOnH'IeCTBa M}'KH, BO}],bI, COITH, Ap0)l()f(eH H AononHHTenb- HOO CblpbH. Ha'lillThHaH TeMIIepaTypa TCTa Kone6neTCH B npenenax 29- 31 C, npO/J,OJDKHTenbHOCTh 6pO)f(eHHH - 120-210 MUH. )Ja.HHbU cnoc06 peKoMeHA}'eTCJl CO'leTaTb C npeABapHTeJIbHOH aKTHBalU1eH np0)f()K6H. B nOM cnyqae npOAOn)f(HTeJIbHOCTh 6pO)f(eHHJl TeCTa COKpaIl\aeTCJI no 120-150 MHH. I YCKOpeHHbrn cnoc06 npeAycMaTpHBaeT Hcnonb30BaHHe KOHeHTpHpO_- BaHlfOH MOnO'lHOKHCnOH 3aKBaCKH, MOnO'lHOH CbIBOpoTKH WIH )!(HnKOH p;MCnepcHoH <pa3bl. Oocne HHTeHCHBHoro 3aMeca TeCTO 6pO,lUfT B Te'leHHe 40-60 MHH. )JnJl OTAeJIKH cn06HbIX H3AenHH Hcnonb3YIOTcJI cnenYIOIIlHe OTAeno'l- HbIe nony<pa6pHKaTbI: KpoIllKa, KpeM, 3aBapHoe TeCTO, nOMa.n:a. KpOIllKa: Ha npHrOTOBneHHe KpOlIlKH pacxoAyeTcH M)'Ka, caxap, Macno )!(HBOTHOe WIH MaprapliH B coornOIllemrn 1:1 :0,5. BHa'laJIe CMelllliBaIOT caxap H pa3MJIT'IeHHOe Macno, 3aTeM A06aBnHeTcJI M)'Ka. Bce TIIlaTeJIbHO nepeMelllliBaIOT H npoTHpaIOT '1epe3 CHTO. KpeM: roTOBJlT no cneA}'IOIIleH peenType: BOAa, Kr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1; caxap, Kr ................... 0,4; M)'Ka, Kr ................... 0,2; JlHO, IllT .................... 5; BaIlliJIHH, KI' ..................0,1. Bce cbIpbe TIIlaTenbHO CMeIllHBaIOT H HarpeBalOT AO KIDIeIlliJl, nocne '1ero KpeM rOTOB AJlH OTnenKH. 3aBapHoe TecTO rOTOBJlT no cneA}'lOIIleH peenType: M)'Ka ITIlleHH'lHaH BbIClIlero copTa, KI' ................ 4; MaprapHH CTOnOBbrn C COnep)l(aH}leM )!GIpa 82%, KI' . . . . . " 1; JIi1:0 KypliHoe, IllT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30; BOAa, KI' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. MaprapHH CMelllliBaIOT C BO}],OH, CMeCb AOBOAJIT AO KIDIeIlliJl, nOCTeneH- HO 3aCbmaH M)'KY npH nOCTOJlHHOM nepeMelilllBamrn:. 3aBapHBaHHe npo- H3BO,lUfTCH OKono 5 MHHyT, nocne '1ero Maccy oxna)f(]J;aIOT no TeMIIepaTY- pbI 35° C H B Hee BHOCJlT JIi1:a. Bce nepeMelllliBaIDT AO 01J,HOp01J,HOH KOH- CHCTeHIUill H nony<pa6pHKaT nocrynaeT Ha OTnenKY TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK. OOMalJ,a: Ha npHroToBneHHe 10 Kr nOMa1U>I pacxoAyeTcH 8,3 Kr caxapa- neCKa H naTOKa KpaXMaJIbHaH B KOITH'IeCrne 0,8 Kr. Caxap H BOAY B COOT- HOIlleHHH 3:1 npH 1I0CTOJlHHOM nepeMelilllBamrn: HarpeBaIDT no TeMIIepaTY- P bI 113_117° C nocne 'lero /J,06aBnmoT naTOKY, He npeKpaIl\aH nepeMeIllH- , ° BaHIDI.. TIpHrOTOBneHHbIH CHpon oxnIDKAaIDT no TeMIIeparypbI 36-40 C, onpbICKHBaH cBepxy xono}],HoH BOAOH H B36HBaH 15-200 MHH. De peA ynoT- pe6neHHeM nOMaA)' nOnOrpeBaIDT no TeMIIeparypbI 40-44 C. Pa3}],enKY rOTOBoro TeCTa npOH3BOAJIT Bp}"IHYIO HnH MaI.I.IHHHbIM cno- co60M. 258 9"' 259 
BbIlle1JKY CAOOObIX H3Aem:U1 npOH3BOp,JIT B nC1JaX pa3JIH'lHbIX MapOK B HC}'Bna)!(HCHlfOH nCKapHOH KaMCpC. TOnbKO lJ,IIH H3AcnIDi, oTAcnblBaCMbIX caxapHoH nyAPOH Hmf nOMa)J.OH, BbIIIC'lKY MO)!(HO npOH3BOAHTb C napo}'B- na)!(HCHHCM, HCKJIlO1JaH CMa3KY H3ACJlliH ncpcA noca)J,KOH B nC'Ib. RHl\O, npCA}'CMOTpCHHOC no pCl\cnTYpc Ha CMa3KY, B 3TOM cnY1Jac 3aKnaAbIBaJOT B TcCTO (onapy). DapaMCTpbl TCXHOnOrH1JCCKHX PC)IQ{MOB, npHBCACHHblC B HHCTPYKl\IDI, MorYT KOppCKTHpOBaTbCH npCAIIpHHTHHMH B 3aBHCHMOCTII OT Ka1JCCTBa ncpcpa6aTbIBaCMoro CblpbH, ycnoBIDi npOH3BOAcTBa, TCXHl:I1JCCKOrO COC- TOHHHH 060pYlIoBaHHH. HH)I(c npHBOJJ,l1TCH OnHCaIillc pa3AcnKH KIDI<J];oro HaHMCHOBaHHH cA06- HbIX H3AcnHH, a TaK)I(C AaHHb.lC 0 npOAOn)lQ{TcnbHOCTH paCCTOHKH H Bbl- nC'lKH. EYf/O'IKa ,,6ecHyUl.Ka ': OKpyrncHHblc 3arOTOBKH YKJIaAbIBalOT B <pOPMbI" B KOJIH1JCCTBC 30 IllT WIH Ha JlliCTbI MH3KO APyr K Apyry TaK, 1JT06bl B npo- l\CCCC paccToHKli OHH COCAIiHIUllICb. Pa3Mcpbl <pOpM 300X300X65 MM. Dpo- AOn)lQ{TCnbHOCTb paccToHKH 60-90 MHH. DcpcA nOCa)J,KoH B nc'Ib nOBcpXHOCTb TCCTOBblX 3arOTOBOK nOKpbl- BaJOT HHl\OM Hmf HH1JHOH CMa3KOH. BbmC1JKY H3AcnH11 npoH3BoAHT npH TCMIIcparypc 185 -215° C, npOAOn)lQ{TenbHocTb BbIllC1JKH 30-40 MIDI. EYf/OI/Ka C006HaJl. OKpyrncHHblc 3arOTOBKlI TCCTa YKJIa)J.bIBaIOT 1llB0M BHH3 Ha JlliCTbl Ha paCCTOHJUiH OKono 1 CM Apyr OT Apyra. Bo BpCMH paccToH- KH 3arOTOBKH TCCTa COC,lJ,HHHIOTCH Apyr C ApyroM. TIpoAOn)lQ{TCnbHOcTb paccTOHKH 60-120 MHH. TIcpcA noca)J,KoH B nC1Jb 6ynO'lKH nOKpbIBalOT HHl\OM WIH HH'IHOH cMa3- KOH, npOAOn)lQ{TeJIbHOCTb BbIlle'lKH 25-35 MIDI npH TCMncparypc 180- 220°C. EYf/ Ka C/Za6RHCKaJl. PaccTOHKY C<popMOBaImbIX 3arOTOBOK TCCTa npOH3BOp,JIT B TC1JCliHc 30-50 MHH. TIcpcA nOCa)J,KoH B nc'Ib nOBepxHocTb 3arOTOBOK Ha)J.pc3alOT TaK, '!T06bl 06pa30BaJICH Y30P B BHAC pOM6HKOB HJ1H KBaApaTHKoB, nOKpblBalOT HH- l\OM WIH HH'lHOH cMa3KoH. TIpoAOn)I(JiTCnbHOCTb BbIllC'lKH 35 -45 MHH TCMIICparypa 200-220°C. ' EYf/Ka ifJPYKT06aJl. OC06CHHOCTbIO npHroToBncHIDI TCCTa lJ,IIH 6ynKli 4>PYKTOBOH HJUIHCTCH TO, 'fI0 nOBHlJ,IIO 3aMCIIIHBaCTCH B TCCTO. TIOBHlJ,IIO ncpeMClilliBalOT C )l(HAKHMH KOMnOHCHTaMH, a 3aTeM 3aCbIlla1OT MYKY. TCCTOBbIC 3arOTOBKH OKpyrJlHIOT H Hanp813nHlOT Ha paCCTOHKY. TIpo- AOn)I(H?enbHOCTb _ paccToHKH 50-60 MIDi. BbmC'lKY npoBOp,HT B YBna)l(- HeImOH nCKaplloH KaMcpc B Tc1JcHHc 21-25 MHII npH TCMIIcparypc 215- 225° C. lleneUl.Ka CMeTaHHaJl. OKpyrnclUIbie TeCTOBble 3arOTOBKH HanpaBnHlOT Ha npcJI,BapHT:nbHyro paccToHKY B TC1JCHHC 1-2 MHH, nocnc 1Jcro paCKaTbI- BaJOT CKaJIKOH B Kpyrnbic ncnCIllKH TO.1lli.{HHOH OKono 1 CM H p;HaMcTpoM 12-13 CM. PaCKaTKa B nerrCIllKH B03MO)l(IIa Ha 3aKaTO'IHOH MaIllIDIc 6C33a- KaTKH B >KryT npH nOAIIHTOH npyrKoBoH pCIllCTKC. PaCCTOHKY npOH3BOAHT lIa JIHCTax B TC1JCHHC 40-90 MHH. DcpeA noca;::J:KoH B IIC'Ib nOBepXHOCTh H3ACJlliH HaKanblBaJOT H nOKpbIBa- lOT HH1JHOH CMa3KOH. Bo H36c:>KaHHC 06pa30BaIillH B3A}'TIiH H paccnOCHHH MH- KUllia cnCnYCT AenaTb HaKOnbl rny60KHc H 1JaCThIc. BbmC1JKY npOBOp,HT npH TCMncparypc 200-210° C B TC1JcHHc 15-17 MHH. EpuoUl.u. rOTOBOC TCCTO AcnHT Ha KYCKH MaccoH OKono 72 r. OIBC- IliCHHbIC KYCKIi TCCTa AcnHT Ha 1JCTblpC npHMcpHO paBHbiC 1JaCTII, Ka:>K,IJ.YIO 113 KOIOpblX nO)J,KaTbIBalOT B IllapHK. TpH IllapliKa CKJIaAbIBalOT Ha JIHCIC B BHAC TpcyronblrnKa, a 1JCTBCpTbIH nOMCll.\aIOT CBCPXY. C<popMOBaHHbIC KYCKH TCCTa nocTynalOT Ha paCCTOHKY. Docnc 30- 60 MHH paccToHKH H3AcnHH CMa3bIBalOT HHl\OM HJ1H HII'lHOH CMa3- KOH. Docnc norD paCCIOHKY npoAOn)l(aJOT Cll.\C 20-40 MHH. BbmC1JKY H3ACJlliH npoH3BOp,HT npH TCMIICpaTYpc 270-290° C. DpoAon- )l(JiTcnbHOCTb BbmC1JKH 10-12 MHH. n110UlKa MOCK06CKaR. Docnc oKpyrncHliH KYCKH TCCTa HanpannHIOT Ha npeJI,BapHIcnbHYlo paccTOHKY. 3aTcM Ka)f(,!J,bIH KYCOK TCCTa pacKaTbIBaJOT CKaJIKOH B npoAonroBaTYIO ncneIllKY, KOTOPYIO CMa3bIBalOT pacTOIUIcHHblM MacnOM. TIcncIllKY CKaTbIBalOT no jJ,J1HHC, 06pa3YH CnOHCTbIH )!(J'YTIlK TCCTa Hful paCKaTbIBalOT Ha pornHKoBoii MaIilliHC. >KrYTIiK ncpcrn6alOT nononaM, KOHllbl HaKIIa,rI,bIB 310T OJJ,l1H lIa ApyroH H cKpcnnHIOT. DPH.nCp:>KHBaH JICBOH PYKOH KOHli,bI >KrYTIiKa, npanoH pa3pc3aJOT HO)l(OM CCpCJJ,I1HY >KrYTIlKa Ha 2 1JacTii. DpH YKJIa)J,Ke Ha JIHCT 3aroToBKY pa3BOpa'lliBa1OT no nHHIDf pa3pc- 3a B 06c CTOpOHbI. IInIOIliKH H3rOTOBnHIOT TaK)I(C ApyrOH <pOPMbl. KOHllbI )!(J'yrnKa HC cKpennHIOI, a IIocne Ha)J.pC30B cpa3y pa3Bopa'lliBa1OT B <pHrypy KpyrnoH <pOPMbl. . Pa3AcnaHHbIc nn1OI,IlKH YKJIa;::J:bIBaIOT Ha JIHCThI H CTaBHT Ha paccToHKY. OKOH'laTenbHaH paccToHKa )J,JillTCH 60-110 MHH. DcpcA noca)J,KOH B nc'Ib 3arOIOBKH nOKpbIBaJOT JiHl\OM WI}l JiH'lliOH cMa3KoH H nOCbIllalOT caxapHhIM nCCKOM. DpOAoIDKHTCnbHOCTb BbIlle'lKH H3AeIDIii MaCCOH 0,1 Kr - 14-16 MHH, MaccoH 0,2 Kr - 17-22 MHH, TCMnepaTypa nc'lli 170-210° C. EYf/O'lKa zpQJ/CoaHC1«lJ! Bblpa6aTbIBaCTCJi HCCKonbKHX pa3HoBHp;liOCTCH no <pOpMC (KpyrnaH C HaApC3aMH, C KaTOM, IllTOllii, mrpHl\cllii). EYf/O'lKa KPYZf/aJ/ C HaOpe3aMu. KYCKH TCCTa nO)J,KaTbIBaIOT B BH.nC Kpyrnblx 6ynO'lCK H }'KJ1a)J.bIBaIOT Ha nHCTbI 1lID0M BHH3, 3aTCM HanpannmoT lIa paccIoHKY. DcpcA oTAcnKoH lIa nOBCpXHOCTII Ii3Aclliiii AcnaJOT Hcrny60- KHC Ha.n;pc3bI, oopa3YlOllUic KOCyro KIICTKY. 3aTcM nOKpbIBalOT HHl\OM WIH HH'!HOH cMa3KoH Ii oIAcnbIBaJOT OPCXOM H caxapHhIM neCKOM. E;'f/O'lKa C 14yKaTOM. KYCKJi TCCTa nOAKaTblBaIOT, ;3aTCM cKanKoH pacKa- TbID810T D KpyrJIbIe ncnCIllKH, yKJIa,LJ:bIBalOI Ha JIHCTbl, cncrKa npH)l(JiM810T na;::J:OHblO H HanpaBnmoT Ha pacCToiiKy. DcpcA OTncnKoH Ha nOBCpXHOCTII AcnaIOT Hcmy601<I1C Ha)J.PC3bl, 06paJYlDll.\HC KOCYIO KJICTKY. 3aTcM nOKpbl- BalOT JlHU;OM IIllii Jlli1JHOH CM1i3KOM, 3aTCM YKpaIIJalOT pHC}'HKOM H3 Ka- TOB H oTAenbIBalOT 0PCXOM H caxapHblM neCKOM. 11ITOf/U. KYCK11 TeCTa nOAKaTbIBaIOT, 3aTcM nocnc npeJI,BapliTCnbHOH paccTOHKH (2-3 MJm) pacKaTbrnalOT CKanKOH B ncnelllKY OBaJIbHOH <pOPHbl. Cep}J.lmy JICnCIUK!i paCKaTb!DalOT TOHhllie, 1JCM KpaH. DOBCpXHOCTb nono- 260 261 
BHHbI nCnCIlIKH CMa3bIBaIOT paCTOnneHHblM MaCnOM, nocne 'lero ncnCIlIKY CKnappIBaWT Bp;Boe C TaKMM paC'leTOM, 'lT06bl BepXIDdi yrOnll.\CHHbIH KOHCU ncneIlIKH HC nOKpblBan HH)KHIDf npHMCpHO 1,5-2 CM. OKono yromucHHOU 'laCTH C<pOpMOBaHHOC H3P;CIDIC npHMHHaeTCfI CBCPXY CKanKOH. TIocrrc pac- CTOUKM 1i3JJ;CIDIfi nOKpbIBaWT ID1:UOM lUIH fIJI'lHOH CMa3KoiL Bbme4KY H3JJ;C- nHH npOH3BOP,HT npH TeMncpaType 210-220° C B TC'leHllC 18-20 MHH. TIocrrc BbmC'lKH nOBepXHOCTb OCTbIBlilliX H3p;emrn OTp;enbIBaWT nOM3Aou. lIITpu 14enu. KYCKH TCCTa nOp,Ka TbIBaWT H nocrrc npeP;BapliTenbHOH pac- CTOHKM (1,5-2 MHH) <POPMYWT B BHP;C 6aToHa co cnerKa 3aoCTpCHHbIMH KOHUaMH. B npoucccc paccTpoHKli Ha nOBepXHocIH H3P;CIDIU HaHOCflT KOCbIe Hap;pc3bI. DOBepxHocTb H3JJ;eIDIH nOKpbIBaIOT ID1:UOM rum fIJI'lHOH cMa3Kou H OTp;CllbIBaWT JJ;p06ncHbIM 0PCXOM If caxapHbIM neCKOM. PaccTouKY 6ynO'lCK rpa)!()J;aHCKHX (6yrrO'lCK KpyrnbIX C Ha,I:\pe3aMH, 6ynO'lCK C U}'KaTOM, IlITorrcu, IlIrpHuencH) npOH3BOp,HT Ha IDICTax B Te'le- HllC 11 0-120 MHH. Bbme'lKY H3JJ;eIDIH npOH3BOp,HT B TC'leHllC 18-20 MHH npH TCMncpaTYpc 210-230° C. DpH McxaHll3HpOBaHHOU Bblpa60TKc 6yn04KH rpIDKJJ;aHcKHc MorYT BbmYCKaTbCfI O)J,HOH-p,BYX pa3HOBHI1.HOCTCU B BliJJ;C IlITPHucrrcu rum 6ynO'lCK KpyrllbIX C H3ApC3aMH. COo6a 06b1KHo6eHHaJI. TCCTOBblC 3arOTOBKH nocrre oKpyrncHllfi If nOp,KaTKH nop;BcpraWT npCp,BapHTcnbHOU paccTouKC (2-5 MHH), a 3aTeM npliJJ;aIOT HM Hy)KHyw <POPMY B 3aBHCHMOCIH OT BHp;a H3p;CIDIU. PacKaTKY npoH3BoP;flT CKaJIKOU, WIfi YCKOPCHllfi HHorp;a pacKaTblBaIOT cpa3Y p;o BOCb- MH KYCKOB. PaCCTOHKY OCYII.\CCTBnmoT Ha IDICTax, npOP;On)!(HTCnbHOCTb paccTouKH 100-120 MHH. ,IJ,rrfl BH)J;OB CP;06bl C 60nblilliM KOIDI'lCCTBOM crrOCB TccTa, 'lT06bI crrOH HC CmrnanHCb H BO H36c)!(aHHC nonY'lCHllfi H3p;cmrn 6e3 BbIpa- )!(CHHOrO pHc}'HKa, paccToHKa Tpc6YCTCfI MCHbIIIafi (50-70 MHH). HH)!(c npHBcp;cHbI npHcMbI pa3JJ;cnKM OTp;cnbHbIX BHP;OB 06bIKHOBCIDIOU Cp;06bI. flmoUlKa. OrBcIlIcIDIbIC KYCKM TCCTa 6cpyr 06CHMH PYKaMH H crrcrKa npoKaTblBawT Ha npoMacneHHoM CTonc. 3aTcM KYCOK TCCTa pacKaTblBaIOT B npop;onroBaTYw ncncIlIKY, KOTOpyIO cncrKa CMa3bIBaIOT MacrroM. ncncIlIKY CKaTbIBaIOT no )J)IHHc, 06pa3YfI crrolfcTbm )!(ryrHK TeCTa. }l(rYTHK ncpcrH6a- lOT nononaM, KOHUbI cro HaKna.z:u,IBaWT O)J,HH Ha p;pyrou If CKpCIIJImoT. 3aTCM, npHp;Cp>KHBafi KOHUbI )KJ"yra, pa3pC3aIOT ero Ha P;BC 'laCIH, OCTaBnIDI Hcpa3- pC3aHI-IbIMH KOHUbI (1,5-2 CM). TIpH YKn3AKC Ha IDICT nnwIlIKY pa3BOpa'lli- BaIOT B 06c CTOpOHbI no JIli1llili: pa3pc3a. IInWIlIKH H3roToBnmoT If p;pyrOH <pOpMbI: p;enaWT He 0p;ID1 pa3pe3 )!(ryTa, a p,Ba lUill TPH, npli YKnaJJ;Ke Ha nHCT non)"laCTCfI TPH rum 'leTblpe cnOHCTbIX ncnCCTKa. J],enaIOT TaK)!(e IIJIWIlIKY oKpyrnoH <P0PMbI, T. e. KOHUbI :>KrYIHKa TeCTa He CKpCIDIflWT, a nocne H3ApC30B cpa3Y pa3BOpa'lliBaIOT B <PHrypKY oKpyrnou <pOpMbI. Pa3p;enaHHbIC IIJIIOIliKH YKna,I:\bIBaIOT Ha nHCTbI, r.Ma3aIDIbIe paCIHTenbHbIM MacnOM, H CraBflT Ha paCCTOUKY. YCTPU14bl. KYCKY TCCTa MaCCOU 1,5-2,0 KI' PyKaMH npHp;awT npop;onro- BaTYIO <POPMY C poBI-IbIMH TynblMH KpaHMH H pacKaTbIBaIOT CKallKOU B umpoKliH npOP;OnrOBaTbm 'lCTbIpcxyronbHbIH cnOH TOnll.\HHOH 0,5 CM. Doc- ne pacKaTKH cnOH TeCTa no KpaHM BblpaBllliBaIOT, cncrKa CMa3bIBalOT XOPO- IlIO pacronnCIDIbIM MacrroM. 3aTeM OT npOTHBOnOnO:>KHOrO KOHua Ha ce6H 3aKaTbIBaWT cnou TCCTa C TaKHM paC'lCTOM, 'lT06bl 06pa30BallOCb 8-10 BlfT- KOB HanoP;06Hc PyncTa. Do OKOH'laHIDI 3aKaTKM non)"lalOT WIHIDIblH )KJ"yr crroHCToro TCCTa. Ero ncpCBOpa'lliBaIOT 1llB0M BHH3 H BblpaBHIlBalOT ncr- KliM paCTflrHBalilICM TaK, 'lT06bl TOml.{liHa :>KrYTa 6bma OP;HHaKOBOH no BCCU JJ;IDIHC. KOHII;bI )KJ"yra oTpc3awT HO)!(OM H OTKn3AbIBaIOT B 0611.\ee TCCTO. 3arcM OT :>KrYTa orpc3aIOT paBHbIC KYCKH TCCTa p,rrfl <pOpMOBKH H3JJ;cnIrii. DpOJJ;OnroBaTYIO YCTPHUY <pOpM)'lOT TOHKOH CKanO'lKOH nYTCM npop;aB- nHBaHlifi nocpc)J.HHc TCCTOBOH 3arOTOBKH. B MOMCHT npoJJ;aBnHBaHHfI BCpX- HHe cnOH TCCTa OTBOpa'lliBaIOTCfI KBepxy, a cpcl1.Hlie H Illi)!(}{HC BbIABHraIOTCH B CTOPOHY. CnHpallbHyw YCTPliUY <POPMYWT B Bl1,!J.e cIDIpanbKH H KOHCU crrnpanb- Kli nOJJ;KJIa.z:u,IBaIOr nOJJ; CepC)J,HHY KycO'lKa. <l>HrypH}'IO YCTPHUY <POPMYIOT, KaK cnlipanbHYIO, p;ononHllTcnbHO p;cnaH H3ApC3 HO:>KOM, KaK npH pa3pc3e IUllOIlIKH, npH YKnap;Kc Ha IDICT pa3Bopa- 'lHBaIOT no H3ApC3y, nonY'laIOT <plirypHyw YCTPHUY B p,Be, TPH, 'lCTbIpC CIDI- panbKH, COC)J.HHCHHbIC BMCCTe. Kpy"eHble U30enUR. KYCOK TCCTa pacKaTbIBaIOT, CMa3blBaIOT MacnOM If Hap;pe3aIOT nonocaMH. TIonocbl CKaTblBaIOT B )KJ"YTHKM, li3 OTOpblX p;enaIOT pa3JIWlHbie BH.In>1 H3P;CIDIH: IIJIeTeHKY, Kp)"lCHKY, BCH3enb. IIneTeHKa. 113 nonOBHHbI )KJ"YTa 06pa3YIOT npoJJ;onroBaToe KonbUO, oc- TaBlilliHCfI KOHCU 3aKpY'lliBaIOT H 3aKpeWIflIOT Ha npoTlfBOnOnO:>KHOM KOHue Konbua. Kpy"eHKa. KOHII;bI )KJ"yra 3aKp}"-lliBawT 06CHMH PYKaMli HaBCTpC'lY O)J,HH p;pyrOMY B BliP;C 3aBHTKa. BeH3enb. 06a KOHua )KJ"yTHKa 3aKp}"-lliBa1OT 06cHMH PYKaMH B npo- THBOnOnO:>KHbIC CTOpOHbl. Dcpcp; nOca)J,KoH B nc'lb H3JJ;enHH nOKpblBaIOT ID1:UOM lUIH flH'lHOll CMa3- KOU. DpOp;OJDKHTCnbHOCTb Bbme'lKH 12-16 MHH nplf TCMncpaTypc 200- 220° C. Cp;o6y BLl6oprcKyro Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT HCCKOllbKHX pa3HoBl1,!J.HOCTCH. JIeneUlKa C HallUHKOU. TIoP;KaTaHHbrn KYCOK TCCTa nocne npeP;BapHTcnb- HOU paCCTOUKH (3-5 MHH) paCKaTbIBaIOT B npoJJ;onroBaT}'IO ncnCIlIKY C YTOn- II.\CHlleM Ha )J,Byx npoTHBOnOnO:>KHbIX KOHUax. Kpafl nenCIliKH CMa3blBaIOT MacnOM. Ha CCpCp;HI-IY ncnCIlIKH Knap,yr HCMHoro nOBH,lVIa lUIH BapcHbfl. nencIlIKY CKllappIBaIOT nononaM TaK, 'lT06bl yronll.\CHHfI ncrIDI 0p;H0 Ha p;pyroc, a BapeHbc nonano BI-IYTPb. Docnc 3TOro yronll.\cHllc npH:>KHMaIOT pyKou H H3p;enHH YKnaP,bIBaIOT Ha nHCT. TIc pcP; noc3AKou B nc'Ib H3P;CJIlUI nOKpbIBalOT flHUOM lUIH IDi'lHOU cMa3Kou, a BblHYTble H3 ne'lH - rna3HpywT nOMap;ou. 262 263 
Ea60llKa. Ha nenelllKe C Ha'lliHKOU, Cnml<eHHOU Bp;BOe, p;enaIOT ABa Ha,IJ;- pe3a OT eHTpa K KpaHM, 06pa3YH TaKHM 06pa30M TPR neneCTKa. 3aTeM cpep;lUm neneCTOK 3arR6alOT Ha nponmononoJKHylO CTOpOHy nenelliKH. ra/lcTyK. Ha nenelliKe C Ha'IHHKOU, CnO)l(eHHOU BABOe, OT ueHTpa K KpaHM p;enaIOT TPR Ha,IJ;pe3a, a B cepeJ];liHe nonyqaeTCH ABa neneCTKa. TIe- neCTOK C npaBOU _CTOpOHbl 3arR6alOT HaneBO K npOTHBonOnO)l(}-lOMY KpalO, neneCTOK C neBOR CTOpOHbl - HaIIpaBO. KOHI.{bI 3aKpennmoT HaAaBnRBa- HReM naJIbuaMH. 3aTeM Ha nmurn: neperR6a AenalOT ABa Ha,IJ;pe3a, nony- tIaJOT B cepeJ];liHe oAIDI neneCTOK, KOTOpblH 3arR6aIOT Ha npOTHBonOnO)l(}-lYIO CTOpOHy. Me06eJICbJl /lanKa. Ha nenelllKe C Ha'llHKOU, CnO)l(eHHOU BABoe, C neBOU CTOpOHbI OT eHlpa K KpaIO AenaIOT OAHH Ha,IJ;pe3, nonyqaeTcH nenecToK, KOTopbrn CKaTblBaIOT B )l([YTRK R CBepTbffiaIOT 3aBHTKOM, no q,opMe HaIIOMH- HaIOll.\HM corH)'Tyro Mep,Be)l(b1O naIIKY. Ha OCTaJIbHOU qaCTIi nenelliKH AemllOT 'leTbIpe Ha,IJ;pe3a OT eHTpa K KpalO. llUpOJ/COK C 3y611uKaMU. TIenelliKY C Ha'IHHKOU, cnO)l(eHHYIO nononaM, Ha,IJ;pe3aIOT no KpaHM, nony'lalOT 3y6'1HKH, KOTopbIe npR YKJIa,IJ;Ke Ha IDICTbI HeCKonbKO pa3ABHTaIOT. llUpOJICOK TpeXpJlOHblU C 3y6'IUKaMU. Ha npOAonrOBaTYIO nenelliKY HaKJIaAbiBaIOT Ha'1HHKY, a 3aTeM nenelllKY Ha,IJ;pe3alOT OT cepeARHbI K KpalO. OARY cnerKa paCTHHYTYIO nonocy Ha,IJ;pe3aHHOU nenelliKH 3arH6aIOT Ha npo- nmononO)!(Hyro CTOpOHy, Apyryro B TaKOM )I(e nopH,D;Ke 3arR6alOT R yKna,IJ;bI- BaIOT Ha nepBYIO nonocy, B pe3ynbTaTe nonyqaeTcH TPR pHp;a, KpaH KOTOpbIX Hape3aJOT 3y6'lHKaMR. llUpoJICOK C 06YMJI Kpbl/lblUlKaMU. TIenelliKY C Ha'lliHKOU HaApe3aIOT TaK )I(e, KaK R B npeAb1)J;ymeM cnyqae. 06a KpbUIbllllKa 3arR6aIoT Ha nponmono- nO)l(}-lyro CTOPOHY R 3a.KpennHIOT Ha HeKOTopOM paccToroum Apyr OT Apyra. EaHTUK. TIpoAonrOBaTYIO nenelllKY C Ha'lHHKOU CKnaAbiBaIOT nononaM H pa3pe3aJOT nocpeAIDIe, 3aTeM OARY nonOBHHY nepeBepTbiBaIOT. KpY2/1QJl 6Y/lOliKa C n06UO/lOM Ha n06epXHOCTU, OTOe.naHHQJl KpOUlKOU u caxapHOU nyiJpou. OKpyrneHHble KyCKH TeCTa 06MaKHBaIOT B paCTonneH- Hoe Macno, 3aTeM B KPOlliKY R YKJIaAbffialOT Ha IDICT AJ1H paCCTOUKH. TIpH- MepHO B cepeAIDIe paCCTOUKH Ha nOBepXHOCTH 6ynO'leK AenalOT yrny6neHHe, KOTopoe 3aIIOID!ffiOT nOBH,IJ,JIOM. r:1>uZypHble /leneUlKU. OTBellIeHHbIe KYCKII TeCTa 3aKaTbIBaIOT B llIa- PRKR. TIocne npep,BapRTenbHOU paCCTOUKII RX paCKaTbIBaIOT B nenelliKH. TIenelllKll C Ha'lHHKOU YKJIaAbiBaIOT Ha IDICTbI R 'lepe3 5-10 MIIH pacCTouKH AenalOT BHyrpR (1 CM OT KpaeB) TpR npope3a HaCKB03b. 1-13 nenelllKR 113rOTOBnffiOT pa3Jllil!HbIe q,RrypHbIe 113AeIDIH: Ha nenelllKe p;eJIalOT HO)l(OM ABa pa3pe3a, AoxoAHll.\He 11.0 cepeAIDIbI R OTp;enHIOUUIe nO'lTIi TpeTb ee, MelIbrnylO 'laCTh cnerKa CMa3biBaIOT MaCnOM II OTBOpa'lliBaJOT Ha Hepa3pe3aHHyro qaCTb, npll YKna}J,Ke Ha IDICT Ha,IJ;pe33HHbIe nenellIKR c6Jm:- )l(aIOTCH; nonoBIffiY nenellIKR cnerKa cMa3biBalOT MacnOM II Ha Hee nepeBo- pa.'1HBaIOT HecMa3aHHyro 'laCTb, 3aTeM OT nonyKpyra nenelliKII B cepep;RHe AenalOT HaApe3 HO)l(OM Ha paccToIDIIlli 1,5 CM 11.0 npHMou CTOpOHbI. TIpll yKJIap;Ke Ha IDICT q,RryPY pa3BOpa'lliBalOT no HaApe3Y B npoTIiBOnOnO)l(}-lbIe CTOpOHbI. TIepep; nocaAKou B ne'lb nenelllKlI He CMa3bIBaIOT, a npR BbleMKe 113 ne'1H nOCbInaIOT caxapHou nYAPOU. Coo6a, OTOe/laHHQJl PUCYHKOM U3 3a6apHOZO TeCTa. TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKII Oq,OpMJIffiOT B BRAe KpyrnbIx IUill npoAonrOBaTbIX 6ynO'leK C Ha'1HHKOU. TIocne paCCTORKJi RX CMa3bffiaIOT HHOM IDIII HlltffiOH CMa3KOH II Ha nOBepx- HOCTb HaHOCHT pRC}'HOK R3 3aBapHoro TeCTa. TIpoAon)l(lUenbHocTh paccTOuKH Bcex pa3HoBJIAHoCTeU CP;06bI BbI60prc- KOH AO 120 MHH. BbIneKaIOT R3p;eJIIDI Ha IDICTax. TIpoAOnJKliTenbHOcTb Bbl- ne'lKII 14-18 MHH npR TeMneparype 200-220° C. OTp;enbffiaIOT R3p;emm caxapHbIM neCKOM, nYAPou, nOMap;oH, KpOllI- KOH, BapeHbeM IDIR nOBH,IJ,JIOM, KpeMoM. Pacnpep;eneHHe CblpbH AJ1H npRroToBneHHH OTAenO'llibIX nony4>a6pRKa- TOB npoM3Bo}J,HT B COOTBeTCTBHII C npoeHTHblM COOTHOllIeHlleM BbIpa- 6aTbiBaeMbIX R3p;emm. BynotIKa C}06H8JI C DOM8AOA. TIocne oKpyrneHliH TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKII YKJIaAbIBalOT Ha nllCTbI C paccTOHHlleM Me)JQ:W HIIMII 1-2 CM. TIpoAOnJKli- TenbHOCTb paccTouKII 80-100 MHH. TIe peA noca}J,KoH B ne'lI> nOBepXHocTb 3arOTOBOK nOKpbiBaIOT HUOM HTIII HWlHOU CMa3KoH. TIpoP;OJDKliTeJlbHOCTb Bbme'lKll IJ)IH H3AeIDIu Maccou 0,05 Kr - 18-25 MHH, Maccou 0,1 Kr - 25-30 MHH npR TeMnepaType 170- 180° C. TIoBepXHocTb rOTOBblX 6ynO'leK B TennOM COCTOHl}Illi oTAenbIBaIOT nOMap;ou. OpHeHTIipOBO'llibIU pacxoA nOMa,IJ;b1 Ha oAR)' 6yno'lKY MaccoH 0,05 Kr 5,7 r, Maccou 0,1 Kr - 11,0 r. KoIDI'leCTBO nOMa,IJ;b1 Ha OARY llITYKY pacc'1H- TbIBaIOT B 3aBRCRMOCrn OT MaCCbl H3p;eJlliU II KOIDI'leCTBa 113p;emm, nonyqae- MbIX 113100 Kr M)'KR. BaTpyun<H cp;o6HLle C TBoporoM. )];IH BaTpyrnKR Maccou 0,1 Kr 6epyr KYCOK TeCTa MaCCOH npllMepHo 65-70 r II Ha'llHKY 45-48 r. OTBellIeHHbIe KYCKR TeCTa nOP.KaTbiBaIOT, YKJIa,IJ;bIBaIOT Ha nRCTbI H HanpaBJIHIOT Ha pac- CTOUKY. TIpop;OmIGlTenbHOCTb paccTouKH 100-120 MIIH. Ha paccToHBlllliXCH 3arOTOBKax cneI.{HaJIbHbIM neCTIlKOM p;eJIaIOT yrny6neHIIH AJ1H Ha'lliHKR. TBopor AJIH Ha'lHHKR npep,BapHTeJIbHO nponipaIOT 'lepe3 CIITO, 3aTeM CMelllliBaIOT C caxapoM, mh.\aMH H Ba:mumHOM p;o nony'leHIIH OAROPO}J,HOU MaCCbI. B 3aBRcRMocrn OT Ka'leCTBa TBopora pa3pernaeTcH npM BbIpa60TKe CP;06HOU BaTpylllK1I C TBoporoM Ha KOMTIJIeKCHO-MeXaHH3MpOBaHHOU IDI- HIlli XJIB 'laCTb M)'KII (1-3%) OT 06IUero KOJlli'1eCTBa no peuemype BHOCIITb B Ha'lliHKY. 3aTeM nOBepXHocTb TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK nOKpbIBaIOT Hii:OM HTIII HWlHOH cMa3Kou, B yrny6neHHe HaK.JIa,IJ;bIBaIOT TBOpO)l(}-lyro Ha'lllHKY, nocne 'lero R3p;emm p;onomllnenbHO nOKpbiBaIOT HUIJ;OM IDIR HHtffiOH CMa3KOU M P;aIOT MM p;ononHIuenbHyro paccTouKY B Te'leHlle 10-20 MHH. BbIne'lKY BarpyllieK npoH3Bo}J,HT B Te'leHHe 14-18 MIIH npH TeMnepary- pe 200-240° C. 265 264 
KpeHeJIL Bw6oprcIOdt TIpH PY'lHOM cnoc06e pa3p;enKH TeCTO p;emn Ha KYCKH MaceoH 2-3 K1'. TIocne 5-1O-MRHYTHoH OTJIe>KKH HX pacKaTbiBaJOT B WIaCT TonIIUIHoH 2,5-3 CM, nOBepXHOCTb KOToporo CMa3bIBaJOT MacnOM H CKnaJ];bIBaJOT B 3 cnOH, 3aTeM pe)l(}'T Ha nonocKH, KOTopbIe cnerKa pac- THrHBaJOT B JKrYT H npH,!J;aJOT HM 4>opM}' KpeH,!J;enH. TIpH MauunmoH pa3p;enKe KYCKH TeCTa H3 p;ellHTenH nOC1}'IIaJOT B 3aKa- TO'IH)'I{) Maunmy, nocne 'lero nonY'lelilibie >KrYTHKH paCKaTbIBaKJT H npH,!J;aJOT 8M 4>opMY KpeH,!J;eJIH. TeCTOBbie 3arOTOBKH YKJIa,rJ;bIBaJOT l1JIH paCCTOHKH Ha nHCTbi. TIpop;on- )l(}fTeJThHOCTb paCCTOHKH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT ycnoBHH H MaCCbI 60-120 MHH. Bbme'lKy H3p;eJIHH MaCCOH 0,1 Kl' npoH3BoP;HT B Te'leHHe 13-15 MHH, MaCCOH 0,5 Kl' - 18-20 MRH npH TeMIIeparype 21O-230°C. Oxna)K,lJ,emlble H3p;eJIHH OTp;enbIBaKJT nOMap;oH. Pacxop; nOMaAbI Ha O)J;HO H3p;eJIHe paCC'lliTbmaeTCH B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT MaCCbI H KOJIH'leCTBa" H3p;eJIHH, nonyqeHHblX H3 100 Kl' M}'KH. Cp;06a BLI60prCKaH r}>JfI'ypHaH. OT 06mero KOJIH'leCTBa TeCTa OTp;enHIOT KyCOK MaCCOH 1-2 Kl', KOTOpbm CKaThIBaKJT B JKrYT H p;enHT Ha KYCKH onpep;eneHHoH MaCCbI. OTBellIeHHble KYCKH no.ru<aTblBaJOT H OCTa.BnHKJT npHMepHo Ha 5 MlIH J1,JIH npe)J,BapHTenbHoH paccTOHKH, a 3aTeM 4>opM}'KJT 13 BH,!J;e pa3nJi1lHblX 4>Hryp - 3aHueB, pbI6, Kypo'leK, ne6ep;eH, nOllIa,rJ;eH Hp;p. HH>Ke OnHCaHbI npHeMbI pa3p;enKH OTp;enbHbIX BH,!J;OB CP;06bI. 3aJil/. TIOP.KaTaHHbm KYCOK TeCTa CKaJIKOH paCKaTbIBaKJT B OBaJIbHyIO nenellIKy. Bp;onb BepXHero KPaH nenellIKH cneBa Ha paCCTomnm npHMepHo 2 CM p;enalOT ABa Hap;pe3a J1,JIH ymeH. TIop; ymaMR p;enaJOT HaKJIOHHbIH Ha,rJ;. pe3. HH:>KHHH KycO'leK Ha,rJ;pe3alilloro TeCTa 3arH6aKJT nop; TynoBHme, 06pa- 3YH ronOBKY. CneBa HallpaBO B HH)l(}feH 'laCTH nenelI.IIGl (TynOBHll.\a) p;enaJOT npop;onbHbrn pa3pe3. TIepneH,!J;HKynHpHO eM}' BHH3 OT npop;onbHoro pa3pe- 3a nocepeAHHe nenellIKH p;enalOT nOnepe'lHbIH pa3pe3, 3aTeM HeMHoro OITH- rHBalOT OAR)' 'laCTb pa3pe3aHHOrO TeCTa BneBO, BnpaBO - BTOpyro. Ha OITH- HyrblX KYCKax TeCTa p;enaJOT no OP;HOM}' Ha,rJ;pe3Y. TaKHM 06pa30M nonY'la- IOTCH neperorn:e H 3a.n,HHe HorH 3aHa. 3aTeM, OITHTHBaH KOHe npaBOH 'laC- TH TynoBHma, Ha,rJ;pe3aJOT He60nbllIoH XBOCT. )J.rIH H306pIDKeHHH rna3a npHMe- HHeTCH H3KJM. Pbl6a. TIOAKaTaHHbIH KYCOK TeCTa 6epYT B 06e P}'KH, npH'leM B neBOH PYKe HaXO,[LHTCH 60nbllIaH 'laCTb TeCTa. 06eHMR PYKaMR OAHOBpeMeliliO no.ru<aTblBaroT KYCOK TeCTa: neBOH - TynoBHme H ronOBY pbI6bI (KYCOK TeCTa B Koe CY)KHBaeTCH), npaBOH - XBOCT B BHp;e He60nbllIoro KPY)I(O'l- Ka (npHMepHo 2/5 OT Bcero KYCKa TeCTa). TecTO paCKaThIBaJOT CKaJIKOH H nonY'laeTCH 4>opMa pbI6bI. XBOCT pa3pe3aJOT nononaM. KOCbIM Herny60- I<HM Hap;pe30M cBepxy BHH3 pa3rpaIill'IHBaJOT ronoBY OT rynOBHll.\a. B ronOB- HOH 'lacm p;enaJOT He60nbllIoH Ha,rJ;pe3 pTa. )J.rIH 06pa30BaIillH BepXHero ruIaBHHKa CIlHHKY OT ronoBbI P;O XBOCTa 'laCTO Ha,rJ;pe3aIOT cneBa HallpaBO. TInaBHHKli Hap;pe3aKJT TalOKe H Ha HH)I(}{eH 'laCTH TynoBHma. ,1J,JuI H306pa)I(C- HHH rna3a npHMeHHeTCH H3IOM. JIe6eOb. TIOP.KaTaHHbIH KYCOK TeCTa 6epYT B neBYKJ PYKY, a npaBOH B :no )l(e BpeMH OTKaTbIBaIOT H3 06mero KYCKa TeCTa ronOBY H llIelO ne- 6eAH npHMepHo 1/5 KYCKa. Y ronOBKH OTKaTblBalOT HOCHK. KYCOK TeCTa, HaxO)J;}!BlllliHCH paHee B neBOH p}'Ke, npOKaTbIBaKJT CKaJIKOH, B pe3ynbTaTe 'lero nonyqaeTcH TynoBHme ne6e)J;H. B HH:>KHeH 'lacm TynOBHll.{a cnpaBO Ha- neBO p;enaKJT HaApe3 JJ,J1H Kpbma. Kpbmo HaKJIa,ru,IBaJOT Ha rynoBHll(e H p;e- naIOT Ha HeM 'laCTbIe Herny60KHe Ha,rJ;pe3bI p;nH 06pa30BaHHH nepblllIeK. neBOH PYKOH TynoBHll(e ne6eAH KJIa,rJ;yr Ha nHCT, npaBOH P}'KOH YKJIa,ru,IBaIOT ronOBY H llIeKJ B BH,!J;e ne6e)J;}!I-IOH. )J.rIH H306pa)l(eHHH rna3a npHMeHHIOT H3KJM. KypoII Ka. TIop;KaTalillbIH KYCOK TeCTa 6epYT B 06e PYKH H oAHoBpeMeH- HO OTKaTbIBaIOT OT Hero ronOBY (npHMepHo 1/6 KycKa) H XBOCT (npHMep- HO 1/3 KycKa) B BH,!J;e KPY)I(O'lKOB. OCTaBllIaHcH 60nbllIaH 'laCTb TeCTa 06pa- 3yeT IynoBHll(e KYp0'lKH. OT ronOBbI OTKaThIBaIOT He60nbllIoH HOCHK. Ty- nOBHll(e H XBOCT npOKaTbIBaIOT CKaJIKOH. XBOCT Ha,a;pe3aKJT HO)l(OM, 06pa3YH 'leThIpe-nHTb nepbIllIeK. Ha TynoBHll(e p;enaKJT Herny60KHe Ha,a;pe3bI B BHp;e Kpbma. Bepx ronOBbI Hap;pe3alOT B BH,!J;e He60nbllIoro rpe6ellIKa. )J.rIH 06pa- 30BaIillH rna3a npHMeHHIOT H3KJM. C4>opMOBaHHbIe 3arOTOBKH YKJIa,lJ,bIBaJOT Ha JIHCTbi JJ,J1H paCCTOHKH, KOTOpaH npop;On)l(aeTCH 60-120 MRH. TIepep; Bbme'lKOH H3AenHH nOKpbIBa- lOT HHOM HJIH HH'IHOH CMa3KOH. Bbme'lKY npOH3BOP;HT npH TeMTIeparype 215-230° C B Te'leHHe 9-16 MHH H3p;eJIHH MaccoH 0,05-0,1 Kr H 18-25 MIDI - 0,5 Kr. OTAenbIBaIOT H3p;enHH caxapHoH nYApoH, nOMa,rJ;oH. fOTOBbie H3p;emrn YKJIaJ];bIBaKJT B nOT OK B OIJ,HH pHp;. IbeJIWI xne606yno'lHbie cnoeHLle 113p;enHH cnoeHble Bblpa6aTbIBaKJT no fOCT 9511-80 83 nllIeHH'IHoii MYKH BbICllIero copTa. 113p;emrn cnoeHble npep;CTaBnHKJT C060H llIT}"JHbie H3p;eJIHH H3 CP;06HO- ro cnoeHoro TeCTa, CMa3aHHbIe IDI:OM, OTp;enaHHbIe caxapHOH nYP;pOH lUll! CP;06HOH KpOllIKOH, p;p06neHbiM opeXOM. 113p;enHH cnoeHbIe Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT npHMoyronbHoH, KBa,a;parnOH, npo- P;onrOBaTO-oBaJIbHOii, KpyrnoH HJIH TpeyronbHoH q,OpMbI cnep;yroIIUIX HaHMe- HOBaHHH: 6ynO'lKH cnoeHbIe MaccoH 0,05 H 0,1 Kr; cnoHKa p;eTCKaH MaCCOH 0,07 Kr; cnOHKa KOH)J;}!TepCKaH MaccoH 0,1 Kr; cnoiiK8 CBepJJ,J10BCKaH MaCCOH 0,1 Kr; KOHBepTHK CnOeHbm C nOBH,!J;JIOM MaCCOH 0,074 Kr; TecTo PJIH H3p;eJIHH xne606ynO'lHbIX cnoeHbIX rOTOBHT onapHbIM H P;py- rHMR cnoc06aMH, npIDlHTbIMH B xne60ne'lemm }JlIH H3p;eJIHH H3 nllIeHH'lHOH M}'KH (Ta6n. 153, 154). 266 267 
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PaCKaTaHHbIU cnOH TeCta T01IIUlliIOU 6-8 MM pa3- pe3aIOT Ha KBanpaTHKH pa3MepOM OKono 78-85 MM 11,JIJI 6yno1leK Maccou 0,05 Kr H 85-100 MM -)])In l5ynO'leK MaCCOU 0,1 Kr. CnoeHoe TecTO <Pop- M}'IOT He TonbKO B BJlLI:e 6ynO'leK, HO H B Bll,[J;e "p03aH'll!Ka", "KOHBepTHKa" H "Tpeyr01II>HHKa". )J;UI npHI'oToBneHHJII p03aH'lJIKa KOHUbI KBanpaTHKa 3aBepTbIBalOT BHyTPb llIeCTh-ceMb pa3, npH'leM nocne)J,IDlH KOHeu 3aKaTbIBaIOT nerKHM HIi)KHMOM Ha H3hl'WK. )])IH nOlI}"lellllH rpeyronbllllKa KBaJJ,paTHK CKJ1a}J;bI- BaJOT BABOe HaCKB03b Ii cnerKa no KpaHM npll,!.!,aBnnnalOT HO)!(OM IDUf nenaIOT Herny60KHe Hanpe3hI Ha nOBepXHOCTII. KOHBepTIlK - yrnbI KBanpaTHKa 3aKJ18):U.lBaJOT HaKpeCT oA1lH Ha npyrou BO BH)'Tpb KBanpaTa K UeHTPY. llOCneAHHH yron npDKHMaIOT TIanbIJ;eM PYKH. C<popMOBaHHbIe 6ynO'lKH CnOeHbIe YKna,r:u,maroT Ha nHCThI C paCCToHHlleM Me)K,!J;y ynO)f(eHHbIMH KY- CO'lKaMl1 TeCTa 15-20 MM. TIponOn)I(HTeJIbHOCTb paccroil:KH 80-105 MHH. Pel\emypa II pC)l(JIM npuroToBnCHH11 TeCTa onapHhlM cnOC060M AJUf p03aJ1'IHKOB cnOCHbIX C BapeHbeM HaHMeHOBaHHe CbIpbll, nonY4>aopmcsroB H nOl<1l3STeJ1eH npoI\ecca PaCXOA CbIpbJl H napaMeTpbI np oI\ecca no CTII,!UUIM onapa TeCTO CJ10eHHe TeCTa, p83- Acmea H 01'- ne.m<:a MYKa IIlI1eHI1'IIfM xne60lIeKapHM Bbicwcro copTa, Kr .QpO)lOf{}I xneGolICKapm,Ie IIpeccOBaIlHbIe, Kr COJib nODapCHHaJI nHll(CDM, KI' BOlla, Kr Caxap-nccoK B TecTo, Kr Caxap-fleCOK I1JI5I npID'OTOBl1CHWI KpOUlKlI, Kr 50 40 2,5 0,5 0,75 30 no paC'IcTy 12,0 10,0 2,0 272 273 
llp0c}o./I1/{(!J/ue ra6.n. 155 Pacxon CbIpHI H nap8MeTpbI npoecca no CTII,!UtHM cnoeHHe onapa recro rCCTa, PB3- AenKa H OT- AeJIKB 30,0 2,0 2,0 100/4,0 100/4,0 17,0 0,025 BC5I 29-30 29-30 180-210 AO CJJOCHlIR IIOCJIC 90-120 CJJOCHlI5I 75-90 3,0-3,5 2,0-2.5 Jbo6HTem.cKHe H3)J;eJIIDI HallMeHOBaHHe CbIph>l, nonY4>a6pm<aroB H nOKa3areneii npoeCCB Jllo6HTenbCKHe H3)J;enHH BbIpa6aThIBaIOT no rOCT 9713-61 H3 nweHH'l- HOU M}'KH BbIClliero copTa pa3J1H'lHOU 4>OpMbI Maccou 0,2 H 0.1 Kr. HaJi60- nee pacnpocTpaHeHHbIMH BH,IJ;aMH JIBnHlOTCH pmKKH, WIeTeHKH, BHThIe H3)J;e- JIWI, P03aH'lIU<H. TecTO MO)l(}{O rOTOBHTb OnapHbIM cnoco60M C oTc)J;06KOU. Ha 60nblliOU rycTou onape rom )J;pyrHMH cnoc06aMH, npHHHTbIMH B XlIe60nc'lCHHlf npH npoH3Bo)J;crne H3)J;cmrn H3 nllieHH'lHOU MYKH. DpeAIIO'frnTeJIbHbIMH JIBnHlOT- CH onapHblu H Ha 6onblliou rycTOu onape (Ta6n. 156). MaCJIo CnHBO'IHOC HeCOl1ClIOC /1lliI CJJOeHlI5I, Kr MaCJIo CJ1l1BO'IHOe HcconCHOC /1lliI npllrOTOB11e- HlI5I KpOIllKII, Kr CaxapHBH nY/1Pa, Kr JUluo KypHHOC, lliT/Kr BBpCHbe, Kr BaIlllnllH, Kr Onapa, Kr TeMnepaTypa Ha1laJIbHBSI, 0 C npOP;OJ1)!(l1TCJlbHOCTb 6PO)l(CHIUI, MlIH l' a 6 J1111\ a 156 PCl\enTypa II pe)!(llM npllrOTOBneHlI5I TeCTa OnapHbIM cnoC060M AJUI m0611TeJlbCKIIX 1I3J1,CJlllH KlICJIOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaR onapbI, rpap; KlICJIOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM TCCTa, rpap;, HC 60ncc HallMeHOBaIIHe CbIpbJI, PacxoA CbIpbR H nBpaMe1'pbI npoeCCB nony4>a6pm<aToB H no CTII,!UtHM nOKB3BTeneH npoeCCB onapa MYKa mneHH'IHaR XJJcGoneKapHBSI BbIClI1erO 55 -60 38-33 5,0 2,0 COpTa,Kr ,IJ,p0)I()I(H xnc60ncKapHblc npeccOBaIITlbIC, Kr 2,0 COJIb nOBapCHHM nllll(CBM, Kr 1,4 BoAa, Kr 30-35 IIO pac'Ic- TY Caxap-nccoK, Kr 17,0 Macno cnHBO'IHOe HCCOJ1CHOC, Kr 10,0 3,0 Slfiuo KypHHoe, lI1T/Kr 95/3,8 125/5,0 BaIIlIJIHH, Kr 0,0042 Onapa, Kr BCR TCMlIepaTYpa Ha1laJIbHBSI, 0 C 28-30 28-32 np0I10J1)1(lITCJlbHOCTb Gp0)l(CHIUI, MHH 210-240 90-120 50-60 KlICJJOTHOCTb KOHC1I1IaH olIapbI, Il'ap; 2,5-3,5 KlICJJOTHOCTb KOHe'IHM TCCTa, rpap;, HC 60ncc 2,5 COOTHOllieHHe M}'KH H )J;p0)lO!(eu B onape H TCCTe MO)!(eT Kone6aThCH B 3aBHCHM OCrn OT Ka'leCTBa M}'KH. CnOCHHe TeCTa npOH3BO,IJ,HT OnHCaHHbIM BbI1lie cnoc060M C oTne)!(- KOU ero )J;o CJIOeHHH H nocne cnoeHHH npH TeMlleparype 5 -10° C. OXlIaJK.D:emme rOTOBoe TeCTO no Mepe HaA06HOCTH 6epeTCH H3 xono)J;- Horo ;nOMemeHHJI H paCKaTbIBaeTCH B nJIaCT TOJIIJUiHOU 0.6-0.8 CM. 113 no- nyqeHHoro WIaCTa Hape3alOT KYCKH TeCTa B BHAe KB!lJJ:parnKoB Maccou OKO- no 100 r H pa3McpoM opHeHrnpOBO'lHO llXll CM. DpH 4>opMoBKe p03aH'll!KOB KpaH KBa)J;parnKOB 3arH6aIOTCfI npaBOU PYKOU 'lepe3 6oJIbllIOU nane neBOU PYKH. Bcero )J;enaeTCH 5-6 3arH6oB. B cepeAHHY p03aH'lHKa nocne npc)J;BapHTeJIbHOU paccTouKH B Te'leHHe 25-30 MIDI Kna)J;yT BapeHbe (oKono 10 r) H mllOT OKOH'laTeJThHYIO pac- CTOUKY 20-30 MIlli. Depe)J; nocaro<ou B ne'll> p03aH'll!KH CMa3bIBaKJT IDi:OM H nOCbmaIOT KpOllIKOH. Bbme'lKY npoH3BOA1IT Ha JIHCTax B Te'leHHe 13-15 MUH npH TeMneparype ne'll! 250-260° C. OCThIBllIHe p03aH'IHKH OT)J;eJIbIBaIOT caxapHou nY)J;pou. TecTO )J;nH nKJ6HTenbCKHX H3)J;emrn )J;eJIHT MaJIIHHaMH HJIH BP}"lHYIO. OKpyrneHHble KYCKH TecTa eneco06pa3HO nO)J,BepraTb npe)J;BapHTenb- HOU paCCTOUKe B Te'leHHe 5 MHH, nocne 'lero Ha'IHHaKJT 4>opMOBKY H3)J;emm. 41>opMOBKY nKJ6HTeJIbCKHX H3)J;cmrn npoH3Bo)J.JIT Ha pacTOnneHHoM CJIHBO'lHOM Macne, C03AaIOlI.\eM cnOHCTOCTb MHKHllIa. B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT BH,IJ;a BbIpa6aThIBaeMbIX mo6HTCJIbCKHX H3JJ;emrn q,OpMOBKY npoH3Bo)J;HT BPY'lliYKJ HJIH Ha CneWlaJIbHbIX q,OpMOBO'lHbIX Ma- numax. POJICKU. DpH P}"IHou q,opMoBKe nOp,KaTaHHbIe KYCKH TeCTa AJIH PO)!(}(OB CMa3bmaKJT MacnOM H paCKaTbIBaIOT CKaJIKOU no ABa O.u;HOBpeMeHHO B npo- )J;onrOBaTbIe nonOCKH, KOTopbIe 3aTeM CKaTbIBaIOT B Tpy6o'lKH C TaKHM pac- 'leTOM, 'l'I06bI nonY'llUIOCb n1lTb-llIeCTh BlITKOB, H KOHe nonOCKH npllllIenCJI Ha BepXHIDKJ 'laCTb Tpy60'lKH. 3aKaTbIBaTb nonocKY TeCTa Ha'IHHaKJT C )J;aJIbHe- ro Koa, npH,IJ;ep)!(}fBaH npH :n0!'-1 neBOU P}'KOU KOHe, 6J1H)!(e pacnOnO)!(eH- 274 275 
HbIH K ceoo, 6narOp;apH 'leMY Tpy60'lKY nonyqaIDT B cepe}J;lIHe 60nee YTOn- lUeHHylO, 'leM no KOHI.J;aM. TIpH YKJIaJ],Ke Ha nHCTbi Tpy60'lKaM npHJJ;alOT 4>oPMJ pO>KKOB. 1l6ouHbie pOJ/CKU. TI01J,KaTaHHble KYCKll TeCTa CMa3blBaIDT paCTOIUIeHHbIM MacnOM H no p;Ba O}J;HOBpeMeHHO paCKaTblBalOT B nonOCKH, KOTopbIe CKa- TblBalOT B }];Be Tpy60'lKH C nponmononmKHbIX KOHI.J;OB K Cepe}J;liHe C TaKHM paC'leTOM, 'IT06bI OIm nonY'llUlliCb B cepe}J;llHe T01lll.\e, 'leM no KOHIJ;aM. TIony'leHHbie JJ;BOHm,Ie Tpy60'lKH npH YKJIa}J;Ke Ha nHCTbI crH6alOT B BHJJ;e nO,lJ;KOBOK, npH nOM nonY'lalOT JJ;BOfuIylO nop;KOBKY. EeCK03blpKU. TIO,lJ;KaTaHHbie K)'CKH TeCTa O}J;HOBpeMeHHO no p;Ba paCKa- TblBaIDT B KpyrJThIe neneUlKH, KOTopbIe cnerKa CMa3bIBaIDT CJIllBO'lHbIM MaC- nOM. 3aTeM, 3arH6aH PYKOH KpaH paCKaTaHHOH nenellIKli, pe6pOM npaBOH nap;OInI npHMHHaIDT 3arHyTbrn Kpaii, H, nbCTeneHHO nOBOpa'lliBaH 3arOTOBKY, p;enaIDT nHTb-llIeCTb 3arn60B, npHMHHaH HX. TIocne :noro 'laCTb TeCTa, npep;- Ha3Ha'leHHYIO )J)IH nocne}J;Hero 3arH6a, paCKaTbIBaIDT H y6HpaIDT nop; npe- JJ,bl,1J;yuurH: 3arn6. TIony'laeTCH H3p;eJllle, OTmrIJalOmeeCH no BHelillleMY BHJJ;Y OT 6yno'lHoro p03aH'lYlKa TeM, 'lTO Ha HeM HeT xapaKTepHoro )J.J1H p03aH'ill- Ka H3bI'lKa. P03aHIIUKU. J1I06liTeJThCKHe p03aH'illKH TaK:)Ke, KaK H npOCTbIe, 4>OpM)'lOT Bpy'lHYIO IIDH Ha cnel.{HaJIbHOH p03aH'illKOBOH MaIIIHHe. C4>OpMOBaHHbIe H3eJIHH YKJIaJJ;bmalOT Ha JIllCTbI, CMa3aHHble MaCnOM, H HanpaBnHIOT Ha pac- CTOHKY. TIpop;omKHTeJIbHOCTb paccTOHKH 60-90 MHH, OHaKO, OHa p;on)!(}la 6bITb TaKOH, 'IT06bI COXpaHHJIaCb peJIbe4>HocTb nOBepXHOCTH H 4>opMa H3p;e- mill. B npoI.J;ecce paccToHKH li3p;eJIIDI peKoMeHP;YIOT CMa3bIBaTb HH'lHOH CMa3- KOH 1-2 pa3a. l13p;eJlllH BbilleKaIDT Ha JIllCTaX B ne'llI 003 napa. TIpop;omKliTenbHOCTb Bbille'lKH 11-15 MHH npH TeMlIepaType neKapHoH KaMepbI 200-220°C. l' a 6 n 111\ a 157 PCl\cnTYpa II PC)IQ{M npHrOTOBnCHHJI TeCTa OnapHbIM II YCKOpeJIHbIM cnoco6aMH C npHMCHeHlICM MOJlO'IHOH CbIBOpOTJQI AJ1JI XJlc6a c,Q06Horo PaeXOJJ; CbIpbR Ii napBMCTpbI npo- eCCB no cnoc06aM Ii CTM onapHbIH YCKOpeHHbIH onapB I TecTO TecTO 45-55 55 -45 100,0 2,0 2,5 1,5 1,5 28-30 no no pac1IeTY pac'lCTY 10,0 10,0 8,0 8,0 BCH: 10-15 27-30 28-30 28-32 210-240 60-90 60-90 3,0-4,0 3,5 3,5 H3HMeHOBaHHe CbIpb5l, nony4>B6pHKBTOB H nOKB38TeJIeH npoecCB MYKa nlI1eHWlHM xneoolIeKapHM BbIClI1erO lIJIlI ncpBoro copTa, Kr )J,pO)l()!(lI xneGoncKapHI.IC npCCCOBaIIHbIC, Kr COJib IIOBapeHHaJI nllll(CBaH, Kr BOAa, Kr Caxap-neCOK, Kr MaprapllH CT0J10BbIt! C COl1ep)l(aHHCM )l(Hpa 82%, Kr Onapa, Kr M0110'IHM CbIBopoTKa, Kr TeMncpaTypa Ha1laJILHM, 0 C np 0 I1 0 J1)1(lITeJILHOCTb Gp0)l(CHIUI, MlIH KlIC!IOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaJI OlIapb!, rpap; KllC!IOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaJI TeCTa, rp!IA, HC Gonce neneUIK8 MaitCK8H Xne6 C.oo6HbIii B ynaKoBKe TIeneIllKY MaHCKYIO BbIpa6aTbiBalOT H3 UIIleHmlHOH MYKH BbiClIIero Cop- Ta no OCT 18-146-74. TIenellIKa MaHcKa.a npep;cTaBnHeT C060H IIlT}"lHoe H3p;enHe KPyrnoH 4>OpMbI C Hap;pe3aMH Ha nOBepXHocTH MaccoH 0,1 KI'. TecTo rOTOBHT onapHbIM H P;pyrHMH cnoc06aMH, npHHHTbIMH B xne60- ne'leHJrn. TIpep;nO'lTHTeJIbHblM HBJIHeTCH onapHbIH H Ha 60nbIlloH rYCToH onape (Ta6n. 158). Xne6 CP;06HbIH B ynaKOBKe BbIpa6aTblBaIDT no fOCT 9831-61 H3 I!llICHH'lHOH MJKH nepBoro H BblCllIero COpTOB, 4>OpMOBbIM, 000PHYTbIM B Cnel.{HaJIbH}'lO ynaKoBo'lHylO 6YMary no OCT 18-388 -81, MaCCOH 0,5 Kr. Xne6 BbIneKaIDT B 4>OpMax HOMepa 6 H 7 THn I no fOCT 17327-88. TecTo MO)!(HO rOTOBHTb mo6bIM H3 cnoc060B, KpoMe 6e30napHoro, npHMeHHeMbIX)J)IH npoH3Bop;cTBa H3p;emm H3 llIIIeHH'lHOH MJKH (Ta6n. 157). fOToBoe TeCTO p;enHT Ha p;eJlllTenbHbIX MaI1UrnaX, H nocne oKpyrneImH 3arOTOBKH TeCTa YKJIaJJ,bmalOT B 4>OpMbI H HanpaBnmoT Ha paCCTOHKY. TIpop;omKHTeJIbHOCTb paccTOHKH 55 -60 MHH. BbIne'lK)' npoH3BoP;HT B }'Bna)!(HeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe npH TeMlIepa- Type 200- 220°C B Te'leHHe 35-40 MliH. TIocne oxna)!Q];eImH xne6a B Te'leHHe 2-6 'l, B 3aBHCHMOCIl'I OT TeMne- paTypbI OKpY>KalOlUeH CpeJJ,bI, ero ynaKoBbmaIDT B napaq,HHHpOBaHHylO 6y- Mary. l' B 61111 ua 158 Pel\cDTYpa H peIKHM npmOTOBneHHJI TeCTa onapHl>IM cnoco6oM AJ1II JlencUL.'Qf MBiicKOH H3HMeHOBIlHH6 CbIpbJl, nOJIY4>B6pHKBTOB Ii nOKB3BTCJIcii npOecCB Pacxog CbIPbJl Ii napBMaT- pb! nporeCCB no CTB):UIRM onBpa l TCCTO MYKa nlI1CHH'lHaJI: XJleOOnCKapHM BbIClI1ero copTa, Kr .apO)!OKI! xnc501ICKapHI.IC IIpeCCOBa.'iHlJC, Kr COJib nOnapeI!IlaJI IIlIll(eBaJI:, Kr BOlla, Kr Macno ClIlfB01lIIOe HCCOJleHOC, Kr 45-55 1,5 28-30 55-45 1,5 1,8 no paC'ICTY 18,0 276 277 
llpoOo./lJ/CeIJue m6/l. 158 HaHMeHOBaHHe CbIpMI, nony<l>a6pIIKBTOB II nOK&3aTeneH npoecca Pacxo.c; CbIpbH II napaMeT- pbI npoeCCB no CT!!,IJ,lIHM onapa TecTO CMeTaHa, Kr Onapa, Kr TCMlIepaTypa Ha1laJIbJ{M, 0 C npol10n)l(lITeJlbJ{OCTb 6pO)l(CHJ1JI, MHH KlIcnOTHOCTb KOHe'IHaH onapbI, rpaA KHcnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM TeCTa, rp!IA, HC Goncc 28-30 210-240 2,5-3,5 10,0 BCH 26-30 60-90 2,5 TecTO p;enHT MallnfHaMlf HmI Bp}"ll!ylO. TIocne p;enemm 3arOTOBKH TeCTa nOp;KaTbIBaIOT H p;alOT HM npe)J,BapHTenbHyIO paCCTOHKY B Te'leHHe 1-2 MHH, nocne 'lero paCKaTbmalOT CKaJIKOH B Kpyrnble neneUIKH TOJIll{H- HOH OpReHTllpOBO'lHO 0,9-1,0 CM R lJ,I1aMeTpoM 12-13 CM. 3aTeM R3p;eJIHH yKJIaAbIBalOT Ha JIHCTbI R HallpaBJIHIOT Ha OKOH'laTeJIbHyiO paCCTOHKY. TIpo- p;omKRTenbHOCTb paCCTOHIGi 40-50 MHH. TIepep; nocaP;KoH B ne'll> Ha nOBepXHOCTll 3arOTOBOK p;enalOT HeCKOJIbKO napaJIJleJIbHbIX Ha,D;pe30B. Bbme'lKY H3p;eJIHH npOR3BO,IJ,HT B ne'lax pa3JIH'lHblX KOHCTpYKWfH npH TeMIIepaTYpe 200-220° C B Te'leHHe 13-14 MHH. EynollKa aii-Hall EynollKa ail-Hall Bblpa6aTbIBaeTCH R3 MYKH nllIeHH'lHOH BblCllIero Cop- Ta no OCT 18-46-71. EYJIo'IKa aft-Hall npep;CTaBJIHeT C060H R3p;eJIHe MaccoH 0,1 Kr B BRp;e nOJI.yMecHWi. TIoBepXHocTb CMa3aIIa HHUOM, OTp;eJIaHa opexoBoH KpOIliKOH H caxapHoH nYP;pOH. TecTo MO)!(HO rOTOBRTb onapHbiM cnoc060M, Ha 60JIbllIOH rYCTOH onape HmI p;pymMH cnoc06aMH, npHHHTbIMH B XJIe60ne'leHHR (Ta6n. 159). fOToBoe TeCTO p;eJIHT Ha p;eJIHTenbHblX MalllHHax. ,IJ,nH yn)"lllIeHHH Ka- tIeCTBa H3p;enHH ueJIeC006pa3HO nocne oKpyrJIeHHH 3arOTOBKaM p;aBaTh npeJJ;BapHTenbHYIO paCCTOHKY B Te'leHRe 8-10 MHH. PaccToHBllIHecH 3arOTOBKR cpOpMyiOT Ha 3aKa TmlHoH MalllHHe 1J)IH pOrJIHKoB. TIpH Bblxop;e R3 3aKaTO'lHOH MalllHHbl nOBepxHocTb 3arOTOBOK nOKpbIBaJOT 1lli'IHOH cMa3KoH, 3aTeM 3arOTOBKH 06cbmalOT npRroToBneHHoH OTp;eJIO'lHOll Kpollll<:OH H HallpaBJIHlOT Ha OKOH'laTenbHylO paccTOHKY. HH'lHYIO cMa3KY rOTOB1lT H3 miU H BOP;bl B COOTIIOllIeHHH 4: 1. OTp;eJIO'lHaH KpollIKa npep;CTaBJIHeT C060H CMeCb p;p06neHoro opexa C caxapoM B COOTHOllIeHHH 4: 1. TIpop;omKHTenbHOCTh OKOH'laTenbHoH paccTOHKH COCTaBnHeT 40-50 MHH. 278 113JJ;enHH BbmeKaIOT Ha JIHCTax B neKapHoH KaMepe 6e3 YBna)KHeHHH npH TeMIIepaType 200-220° C B Te'leHHe 15-18 MHH. l' a 61111 u a 159 PCQcnTYpa II pe)!(llM npllrOTOBnCHHJI TCCTa Ha 6oJlblI1oH rYCToii onapc AJUI Gyno'IKH aU'HaR HaIIMeHOBaHHe CbIpbH, nony<l>a6pHKaToB II nOKa3BTeneH npOecca Pacxo.c; CbIpbR II nap8MeTpbI npoecca no CTI!,lJ;IDIM onapa MYKa nlI1eHWlHM xne60neKapmrn BbIClI1CrO 60-70 40-30 copTa, Kr ,IJ,pO)l()!(lI xneGolIcKapHbIe IIpeCCoBamu,Ie, Kr 2,0 1,0 COJib nllIUeBM nOBapeHHaH, Kr 1,5 BOWl,Kr 30-39 no paC'lCTY Caxap-rrCCOK, Kr 7,0 6,0 nYl1pa caxapHM, Kr MaprapHH CT0J10BbrH C cOl1ep)l(aIllICM )l(lIpa 3,0 3,0 82%, Kr M0J10KO cyXOC QCJlhHoe, Kr 3,0 muo KypHHOC, lI1T/Kr 75/3,0 Opex, Kr Onapa, Kr BCJI TCMIIcpaTYpa Ha1lanbHaH, 0 C 26-28 29-33 npOAOJI)l(lfTeJlbHOCTh GpO)l(eHll5l, MlIH 180-240 40-60 'lCpe3 50-60 KlICJlOTHOCTh KOHe'IHM onapbI, rpaA 2,5-3,5 KHCJlOTHOCTb KOHC'IHM TeCT'rp!IA, HC 60ncc 3,0 Byn01Ill3JI MCnOIl!. 2,0 1,5 50/2,0 8,0 Eyno'lHaH MenO'll> - IlITY'lHble H3JJ;enHH pa nH' IHOH tpOpMbI H3 nllIeHH'l- HOH MyKH I R II COpTOB, Bblpa6aTbIBaeMble no fOCT 27844-88, MaccoH 0,1- 0,2 Kr. TecTO MO)!(HO rOTOBRTb mo6bIM H3 cnoc060B, npRMeIDIeMbIX AJIH npoR3- Bop;CTBa H3p;emrn H3 nllIeHH'IHoii M)'KR. TIpeAIIO'lTllTenbH.blMH lIBnJIIOTCH cnoco6bl Ha 6onblilOH rycTOH onape H YCKopellliblH: C npRMeHeHHeM KMK3 (Ta6n.160). TecTo pa3p;eJ1.bIBaIOT MaII.IHHaMH HJIH Bpy'lHyiO. TIocne oKpyrneHHH 3arOTOBKR TeCTa ueneco06pa3HO nO)J,BepraTh npe)J,BapRrenbHOH paCCTOHKe B Te'leHRe 5-10 MHH. TIpR pa3p;enKe 6ynO'lHOH MenO'll! B accopTHMeHTe p;on)l(}{O 6blTb He MeHee Tpex BH)J;OB R3JJ;eJIHH. TIpR cpopMOBKe 1J)IH IIonY'leHPJi cnORCTOCTll ynoTpe6nHeTCH Macno )fQffiOTHOe WIH paCTllTenbHoe B COOTBeTCTBHH C pe. uemYPOH. 279 
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rOTOBoe TeCTO )J;emrr Ha KYCKH Ha TeCTO)J;eJleIDIe HJIH Bp}"lHYlO. llocJle OKpyrJleHHJl 3arOTOBKaM )J;aeTCJl rrpe)J;BapHTenbHR pacCToHKa 10-12 MIDI. <DopMOBKY H3)J;errHH ocyrn,eCTBnRlOT Ha 3aKaTO'lH01i Mallnme rom pOrJIHKOB lillH BPY'IHYlO. llpO)J;OJl)!(IITenbHOCTb OKOlfllaTenbHOH paCCTOHKH 3arOTOBOK 25-40 MIDI. llepe)J; nOCa,lJ;KOH B ne'Ib H3)J;eJ1HJl rrOCbmalOT conblO, TMHHOM ruIH MaKOM. Conb rom OOCbIllKH HCnOJlb3YlOT nepBoro copTa, nOMon N° 1. PO)!(KH c)J;06HbIe Ii pOrJIHKH BbmeKalOT Ha nHcT ImH Ha IW)J;Y B YBna)J(- HeHHoH neKapHoH KaMepe rrpli TeMrrepaType 200-220 C. llpo)J;on)!(IITenbHOCTb BbIIIe'lK1i Ha JlHCTaX 17-18 MliH, Ha rro}Jy- 12-18 MliH. BynO'lKH nOJSIoIDIeHlIOH KaJIOpmmOCTH  6 alOT li3 IIlUeIDl'lHOH E ynOqKH rroBbIllIeHHoH KaJIOplliiHOCTH BbIpa aTbIB M)'KIi rrepBoro copTa rro rOCT 9712-61, MaccoH 0,1 Kr. EynOqKH rroBbIIlIeHHoH KaJIOpHHHOCTH rrpe)J;cTaBnJllOT C060H IlIT)"IHbIe H3)J;enHJl KpyrnoH <pOPMbI, rroBepXHOCTb KOTOpbIX rrOCbIIlaHa )J;p06rreHbIM opexoM. TecTo rOTOBJlT Jl106bIMIi crroc06aMli, rrplilUlTbIMli B rrpoMbIIIUIeHHocTIi p,rrJl rrpoli3Bo)J;cTBa li3)J;emIH H3 IlIIIeIDIqHOH MYKH. llpe)J;rrO'ITHTerrbHbIMll JlBnJllOTCJl orrapHbIH II Ha 60nbllIoH rycTOH orrape (Ta6rr. 162). l' a 6 JI H!.\ a 162 Pcemypa 11 pell(lfM npmoTOBneHHII TecT!! onapllhlM cnoco60M, Ha 6oJIhlI1oH rycToii ouape ,lJ;JIJI fJyno'ieK DOBioIlIIeiUiOH !(aJIopHHHOCrn PacXOA ChIpbJi 11 nap8MeTpbI nporccca no cnocoG8M 11 CT8AWIM Ha:itMmOBaHHe CbIpbH, nonycpa6pm<aToB 11 nOICa'!aTeneH npoaecca onaplIhIH Ha Gonbilloii rYCTOH onape OTAe1IKa onapa OIl!lpa OT)J;eJ1Ka MYKa I'.IIIeHlI'lHaH xnc6o- neKapH8H I copTa, Kr )Jpo)l()KlI xne60ncKapHbIC npeCCOB;WHbIC, I{r COJIb nOBapeHHaH ITHIU BM, Kr 45-55 55-45 60-70 40-30 3-4 3-2 1,0 6-8 no p1lC1I. 3-4 3-2 1,0 15 BoAa,Kr no pac1I. 284 llpoiJolIJ/CeHlIe TaM. 162 PacxoA CblpbH H napaMeTpbI npoecca no cnoco68M H CTaAllHM HaHMeHoaaHHe CbIpbH, nonycpa6p1lKaToB onapHhIii: H8 601Ib1I10H rycToH onape H nOKa3aTeneH npoecca onapa OTAeJ1Ka onapa OT)J;elIKa Caxap-necoK, Kr 25,0 25,0 MacJlo cnllB01lHOC HCCOJlC- 18,0 18,0 Hoe,Kr MOJlOKO ueJlhHOC, Kr 20,0 20,0 JHlI.{o KypllHOC, lI1T/Kr 375/15,0 125/5,0 375/15,0 125/5,0 BlIHorpaA CYillCHblil, Kr 30,0 30,0 opcx, Kr 2,0 2,0 BaHlIJilIH, K I' 0,025 0,025 Orrapa, l{r BCH BCH TCMncpaTypa HaqanhHaH, 30-32 31-33 24-26 29-33 Cc npOAOJl)l(l!TeJlhHOCTb 6po- 210-240 80-120 210-240 20-40 )l(eHlIH, MlIH KlIcnoTHOCTb KOHe'IHaH 3,5 -4,0 3,5-4,0 olIapbI, rpaA KlIcnoTHOCTb KOHe'lHaH 3,0 3,0 TCCTa, rpap;, He Goncc ,QnJl rrplirOTOBneHIDl orrapbI CMeIillmalOT BOJJ;y, rrO)J;orpeToe MonOKO Ii Jlllu;a. 3aTeM )J;06aBnJllOT MYKY, Bce rrepeMelllliBalOT H BHOCJlT pa3Be,lJ;eHHble B BO)J;e )J;P0)j()j(fl. 3aMec rrpO)J;on)J(alOT )J;O rrorryqeHHJl XOpOlliO rrpOMerneHHOH MaCCbI. 3aMerneHH)'1O orrapy CTaBJlT Ha 6pO)J(eHlle. ,QnJl rrplirOTOBneHIDl TeCTa B rOTOBYlO orrapy BHOCJlT pa3Be)J;eHHble B BO)J;e conb, BamUIliH, caxap, rrO)J;orpeToe MaCJ10, H3lOM Ii He)J;OCTalOll.\ee KOIrnqeCrno BO)J;bI. llocrre rrepeMelilllBaHllJl B CMeCb rrOCTerreHHO )J;06aBJlRIOT M)'KY. .z:w0)J(- )!(II, pa3Be)J;eHHbIe B BO)J;e, BHOCHT B rrOCJle)J;H101O Oqepe)J;b. TecTo Tll.\aTeJlbHO rrepeMelilllBalOT )J;o rronyqeHllJl O)J;HopO)J;Hoii MaCCbl. B rrpou;ecce 6po)J(eIDIJl TeCTa rrpOli3BO,lJ;JiIT ero 06MHHKY. rOTOBoe TeCTO )J;eJlJlT Ha )J;eJIHTeJIbHbIX MalIIHHax IDIH Bp}"IHYIO rrOCJIe OKpyrJleHIDI C<POPMOBaHHhIe TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH YKJIa,zI,bIBalOT Ha JIHCTbI Ii HanpaBIDIIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. llpO)J;OJDKIlTeJIbHOCTb pacCTOHKll 90-120 MHH. llepe)J; rroca)J;Koii B rre'Ib rroBepXHOCTb TeCTOBhIX 3arOTOBOK CMa3bmalOT JlHu;OM liJlH Jlll'IHoii CMa3KOH Ii rrOChIIlaIOT )J;p06rreHbIM opexoM. B 3aBHCliMO- CTIi OT ycrroBliH rrpoH3Bo)J;crna J¥mycKaeTCJl CMa3Ka 3arOTOBOK JlHu:OM HnH Hll'fHOii CMa3KOH rrOCJIe rrpeABapHTeJlbHOH paccToiiKIi C rrocrreJJ;ylOll.\eii YCTaHoBKoH JlliCTOB B paccToiiHbIH llIKa<p. BbIIleqKY rrpoH3BO)J;RT B rre'lH 6e3 napa. llpo)J;OJl'KHTenbHocTb Bl>Irre'IK}J 14-16 MliH rrpH TeMrrepaType 190-21O°C. 285 
J]eneWKH p>KaHLIe nerreiliKH p>KaHbIe BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT no fOCT 9903-61 ga: 060llUOH: H nllIeUH'lHOH: nepBoro copTa. Macca o:;e=n:: TecTo rOTOBHT YCKopeHHbIM crroc060M C H pa3pbIXmneJIeH: H 16-18% crreJIOH: nllIeo CnOJIb3 ( OBaHHeM XlfMHqeCKHX H orrapbI Ta6JI. 164). BaTOII'IHKH K qalO EaTOH'lHKJI K qaIO Bblpa6aTbIBaIOT H3 nllIeHHqHOH: MYKH nepBoro copTa no fOCT 14121-69, MaCCOH: 0,15 Kr H 0,3 Kr. EaTOH'lHKH K qaIO rrpegCT<rnmllOT c060H: llITY'lHble H3geJIHH npogoJIro- BaToH <pOpMbI C oKpyrJIeHHbIMll KOHUaMH H KOCbIMH Hagpe3aMH ua rroBepx- HOCTIf. TecTo MO>KHO rOTOBHTb onapHbIM, Ha 60JIbllIOH: rYCTOH: orrape H YCKO- peHHbIMH cnoc06aMH (Ta6JI. 163). fOToBoe TeCTO geJIHT Ha geJIHTeJIbHbIX Mannmax IUIH BPyqH)'lO, oKpyr- nHIOT II rrocne oKpyrneHHH H 3aKaTKJI 3arOTOBKH TeCTa nOCTyrralOT Ha pac- CTOHKY. C<popMOBaHHbIe TeCTOBble 3arOTOBKH gon)!(HbI HMeTb rrpogonroBa- TYIO IUIH yp,rrHHeHH)'1O <POPMY C oKpyrneHHbIMll KOHUaMll. .anH ynY'lllIeHHH KaqeCTBa H3genHH: TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH rrocne oKpyr- neHHH ueneco06pa3HO rrO}J;BepraTb rrpe}J;BapHTenbHOH paCCTOHKe. T a 6 JI II I.\ a 164 PCCDTYPa H peJKHM IIpllrOTOBneHHR TecTa AJIH ncnCWCK pJKBHbIX 27-29 210-240 3,0-4,0 MeCO<:na::::TP:H: B }J;ByyrneKHCJIbIH: H aMMoHHH yrneKHcnbIii nepeg 3a-  oge, TII.\aTen.bHO nepeMeulllBalOT C HMIJ;aMlf H rOTOBOH: rrUleHH'1Hoii ona p OH: nocn MaprapHHoM, MYKOH:. ' e qero cMeIIIHBalOT C P)!(aHOH: nocne geneHllH 3arOTOBKH TeCTa nO)J;KaTblBalOT B 2-3 MHH OTne)!(KH pacKaTbIBalOT CK3JIKOH llIapHKH, a 3aTeM rrocne OKono 9 - 10 C P B KpyrnbIe JIeneiliKH gHaMeT p oM M. aCKaTaHHbIe KYCKH Te Hble HH::u;OM, cnerKa Hagpe3aIOT HO)!(OM :aHKna}J;bIBaIOT ua nHCTbI, CMa3aH- ge KOCbIX KneTOK H BbmeKalOT. HOCHT PIdCYHOK llITaMnOM B BH- npogon)l<liTeJIbHOCTb BbmeqKH 260° C. HBHMeHOBaHHe CbIpMI, nonYCPB6pHKBTOB H nOKB3BTeneH npoecca Ta6J1l1I.\B 163 MYKa p)l(aHaH o6ofiHaH, Kr MYKa nlI1eHlI'lHaH xneGolIcKapHaH I copTa KT ,lJ,PO)l()I(l! xnc60lIcKapHbIC IIpeCCOBaHHbIC, r COJIb IIOBapeHHaH IIlIll(eBaH, Kr BOlla, Kr Caxap-nccoK, Kr MaprapllH CTonOBbIfi C cOp;ep)l(aHlICM )!(lIpa 82% Kr R'ilI.\o KyplIHOC, lI1T/Kr ' ,lJ,ByyrJlcKlICJlbIfi HaTpllil, Kr AMMOHlIfi, Kr Onapa, Kr TeMlIepaTYpa Ha'laJlbHaH °c npOp;OJl)l(HTCJlb!iOCTb 6p)I(CHlIH, MlIH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'lHaH, rpap; PceITTYPa H pe1KHM npllrOTOBneHWI TecTa Ha 6onblI1oH rYCTOH onapc AM 6aTOH'lHKOB K 'IWO HaHMeHOBaHHe CLlpLH, nonycpB6pllKBTOB H nOKa3aTCneH npoeccB PBCXOP; CbIpLH H nB- paMeTpbI npoeccB no cnoco6aM H CT8,I\lIHM onapB TeCTO MYKa nIllCHH'lHBH xncGoneKapHaH I COpTa, Kr .nP0)l()!(lI xneGoncKapHbIe npeCCOBaIIHbIe, Kr Com, nOBapeHHaH nmueBaH, Kr BoAD, Kr Caxap-necoK, Kr Macno CJllIBO'IHOC HeconCHOC, Kr Onapa; Kr TCMllcpaTYpa HaqaJIbHaH, °c TIpop;on)l(lITCnblIOCTb 6pO)l(CHHJI, MHH KlIcnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaH onapbI, rpag KlIcnOTHOCTb KOHC'lHaH TeCTa, rpa,n, HC 60nce 65-70 1,5 35-30 1,5 33-39 IIO pac'!eTY 10,0 8,0 BCJI 25-30 240-270 3,5 -4,0 28-32 40-60 3,5 OTp;CiIKa 90,0 10,0 0,25 5-7 1,0 no pac'!. 10,0 30,0 250/10,0 0,2 0,8 BCH 29-32 50/2,0 15 -17 MHH rrpH TeMneparype 240- npOgon)IQiTeJIbHOCT.b OKOHqaTeJIbHOH: pacCToiiKH 40-50 MHH B 3aBHCH- MOCTH OT MaCCbI TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK H cnoc06a TeCToBegeHHH. nepeg noca)J;KOH B rre'lb Ha TeCTOBbIX 3aroToBKax geJIaIOT HeCKOJIbKO napannenbHbIX KOCbIX Hagpe30B C nOMOIlIbIO cneWl3JIbHOrO YCTp0H:Crna IUIH Bp)"IHYlO. lb.u;enHH BbmeKalOT Ha nop;y B YBna>KHeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe npH TeM- neparype 210-230°C. npOgOJI)lQiTenbHOCTb BbmeqKH 6aTOHqlIKOB K qaIO co- CTaBnHeT: MaccoH 0,15 I' - 16-18 MHH, Maccoii 0,3 Kr - 20-22 MHH. 286 BynKa qepKH30BCKaH EynKa qepKII30BcKaH Bblpa6aTbIBaeT 11  copTa no OCT 18-98-72 C H3 eHP!'lHOIi MYKH nepBoro P.I npegCTaBnHeT co6<m H3genHe npogOJIrOBaTOii 287 
cl>OPMbI, COCTOHIl\ee H3 TpeX HenepeIUIeTeHHbIX :>KryroB, nOBepXHOCTb OT)J;e- naHa MaKOM HJIH KYH:>KyrOM. Macca O)J;Horo H3)J;enmI 0,2 H 0,4 Kr. TecTo rOTOBlIT onapHbIM H )J;pyrHMH cnoc06aMH, npHHlITbIMH B XJIe60- netIeHlIH )])111 H3)J;enHH H3 lIllIeHWIHoH MYKH. npe)J;rrOtITHTenbHbIMH lIBnllIOTC1I: YCKopeHHbIH C rrpHMeHeHHeM KOHIJ;eHTpHpOBaHHOH: MOnO'IHOKHCnOH 3aKBa- CKH HIIH Ha 60JIbllIOH rYCTOH onape (Ta6n. 165). TecTo B 3aBHCHMOCTH 01' npHMemieMOrO 060pY)J;OBaHH1I MO:>KHO 1'01'0- BHTb HenpepbIBHO HIIH nopWiOHHO. )JeneHue TeCTa OCYJ.I!;eCTBnllIOT Ha TeCTO)J;emnenbHbIX MaIllliHax HIIH BpY'lHYIO. OKpyrneHHbIe TeCTOBbIe 3arOTOBKH nocrynaIOT Ha 3aKaTY. nony- tIeHHbIe >Kf}'ThI COe)J.HHlIIOT KOHIJ;aMH no 3 lilT - }J;Ba pll)J;OM H TpeTHH cBepxy, YKml)J;bmaIOT Ha nHCTbI H CT3BlIT H3 paCCTOHKY. npOJJ:OJDKHTenbHOCTh paccroHKIi COCT3BnlleT 40-50 MHH. nepe)J; nOCaJJ:KOH B ne'lb H3)J;enllil orrpbIcKHB3IOT BOJJ:OH H 06CbIIl3IOT K}'lDKYTOM. BblIIetIKY H3)J;enliH npOH3BO)J;HT B YBn3:>KHeHHOH neKapHoH KaMepe. npo- )J;on)!(InenbHOCTh BbIIletIKH 6ynKH tIepKH30BCKOH MaccoH 0,4 Kr 23-25 MHH, MaccoH 0,2 Kr - 18-20 MliH rrpli TeMnepaType 200-220°C. EYJIKa lIpOCIIaBCKaJI cno6H351 T a 6 JI H U a 165 EynKY HpOCnaBCKyro CJJ:06H}'IO BbIpa6aThIBaIOT no fOCT 27844-88 H3 nlileHH'lHOM M)'K1i nepBoro copTa KpyrnoH cl>OPMbI, MaCCOH 0,2 Kr. nOBepx- HOCTb nOCbrII3IOT KpOlliKOH. TecTo MO:>KHO rOTOBHTh onapHbIM crroc060M, Ha 60nblilOH rycroH orrape Ii 6e30rrapHbIM (Ta6n. 166). Qepe3 40-50 MHH nocne 3aMeca TeCTa peKOMeH}JyeTCH npoBo)J;HTb 06- MHHKY TeCTa. TecTo )J;emIT MaIliHHaMlf. nOcITe oKpyrneHHH KYCKH TeCTa CMa3bIBaIOT MacnoM H nOCbIIl3IOT KpOliIKOH, 3aTeM YKlI3,!J;DmaIOT Ha nHCTbI H Hanp3BnHIOT Ha paCCTOHKY. npO)J;OJI:>KHTenbHOCTh paccToHKH 40-70 MHHYT. )J)m rrpHroToBneHHH KpOIliKH CMeIlIHBaIOT caxap, pacToIUIeHHbIH Mapra- pHH, a 3aTeM )J;063BITHIOT MYKY. Bce Tli.\aTenbJIO nepeMeIlIHBaIOT, rrpOrnpaHJT tIepe3 CHTO. BbIIle'IKY H3)J;enHH npoH3Bo)J;lIT B YBnIDKHeHHoH rreKapHOH KaMepe npH TeMneparype 210-230°C B Te'Iem1e 15-17 MHH. PeQclITYPa H peKHM IIpIII'OTOBJleKHSI TecTa YCKOpeHHbIM cnoco60M H Ha 601IbllIoH rycToH onape AJUI 6YJlOK orepKH30BCKHX Ha 6olIhlI1oii rycToH onap e PacxOA CbIphH H napaMeTphI npoecca no cnoco68M H CTBJ];lIHM HaHMCHOBaHHe ChlpbJi, nonYCPB6pHKBTOB H nOKa3aTeJIeH npoccca YCKopeHHbIH HB KMK3 onapa I TeCTO I OTl];eJIKB TeCTO I OTAenKa MYKa nlI1eHwnraH xncGoneKapHBH I capTa, Kr )Jpo)l()l(l! xne60lIeKapHbre IIpecca- BaIlIlbIe, Kr COJIb IIOBapeHHa nllllleBaH, Kr Bona, i(r MaprapllH CTOJlOBbIfi C cOAep)l(a- HlICM )Klfpa 82%, Kr Caxap-necoK, i(r MOJlOKO UCIIbHoe, ieI' KyuJKyf, KI" Qrrapa, KI' KMK3, i(r TeMIlepaTYpa Ha1laJIbHaH, °c npOAomKJ!.TCJlbHOCTh 6po)UHIDl, MHH KHcnOTIiOCTb KOHe'lHaH onapbI, rpap; KncnOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaH TeCTa, rpan, Be 60nee 288 65-70 35-30 1,0 0,5 1,5 15 -21 IIO pac- <reTY 7,0 7.0 20,0 BCH 27-29 210-270 3,0-4,0 29- 32 20-40 3,0 95-96 T a 6 JI H L\ a 166 2,5 1,5 no pac- IJCTY 7,0 7,0 20,0 1,0 1,0 10-12,5 29-33 40-90 3,0 PCQcrrrypa II pe1KlIM npl!rOTOBJleHIIJ'I TeCTa onapHbIM cnoco60M p;nSl 6y IiOK flpOCJlaJlCKIIX C,[\06HhIX PaCXOA CbIphH H napaMeTphl rrpoeCCB no CT8,!:\lIHM HaHMeHOBaHHe Chlphfl, nonycpa6pHKaToB H nOKB3aTeneii nponecca MYKa nlI1CHlI'IHaH xnc60ncKapHaH I copTa, Kr .lJ,PO)l()l(lI xne60ncKapHbIC npCCCOBaIlHbIC, Kr COJIb IIOBapCHIIaJ1 IDIli\CBaH, Kr Bolla, Kr onapa OT,IJ;eJIKa 50,0 48,0 2,0 2,0 1,0 25-30 IIO pac- 'ICTY 1,5 8,0 3,0 4,0 1,0 289 MaprapllH CTOJlOBbill C COACp)l(aIIlICM )l(Hpa 82%, Kr Caxap-IICCOK, Kr Macno nOACOJ1He'IHOC, Kr 10 3aK. 1116 
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npOOO/leIJueTaaa.168 IIpIlTOTOBJ1eHHe TeCTa Ha onape onaps omenl<a Onapy rOToRHT B TeCTOMCCHJ1&HOH ManBme T2-M-63 If gp. BJ1IDKHOCTbIO 38-41 % 1f3 M)'KH, BO)];bI li gpo)!O!(eH npeccOBaHHbIX HJ1H )!(If)J;KliX O,lJ,HOBpe- MeHHO gJUI HeCKOJIbKliX nopUHH TeCTa. llpOgOJDKlfTeJ1bOCn. paCXoga onapLI gOJ1)!(Ha 6bITb He 6oJ1ee 2 'I. llpli 3aMeCe TeCTa CHa'Iana onapy TIIaTeJ1bHO nepeMenUffiaIOT C BOgOH, COJ1eBbIM pacTBOpOM li gonOJ1HHTenl>H.J.IM CbIplteM, nocnc 'Iero g03HpyIOT MYKY li rrpogOJDKaIOT 3aMec go nOJ1)"1eIDiJ! OgHOpOgHOH MaCChI TeCTa. PeueIITypa li rrapaMeTphI TeXHonOrli'IeCKOrO npouecca npHrOTOBJ1eIUUi TeCTa Ha onape nplffiegeHbI Ii TaM. 170. HSHMCHOBSHHC CbIpblI, n0J1yq,s6pHKSTOB H nOKs3sTcncii npolteccs PaCXOL\ CbIpblI Ii napSMcTpbI npOI-\cccs no CTap;IfJIM BlIHorpap; CYlI1CHbIfi, Kr BaJ{lIJIlIH, Kr TCMlIcpaTYpa Ha'laJIbHaH, °c npOp;OJl)l(lITenbHOCTb 6P0)l(CHlIH, MlIH KlIcnOTHOCTh KOHC'IHaH orrapbI, rpap; KlIcnOTHOCTh KOHC'lHaH TeCTa, He Gonce, rpap; 30,0 0,067 28-30 90-120 27-29 180-240 3,5 -4,0 3,2 5.3. fIP0I13BOJJ:CTBO EAPAHOqHhlX 113JJ:ERHH K 6apaHO'IHbIM li3genliHM OTHOCHTCH pa3nli'IHbIe Bli)J,bI 6apaHOK, cyrneK li 6y6nliKoB, liMelOIWIX <poPMY KOJ1bua HJ1li OBana, o6pa30BaHHOrO )j(ryroM "Kpyrnoro" Ce'leHHH. 113genliH liMelOT IUIOCKyIO nOBepXHOCTb Ha cTopoHe, J1e)j(aBrneH Ha mfCTe, ceTKe HJ1li nogy. CYlliKH li 6apaHKli HBnHIOTCH xne6HbIMH li3geJ1lfHMH )J)IlITenbHoro xpa- HeHHH; 6y6nHKli - npOMe)j(YTO'IHbIM no Bna)j(HOCTli npogYKTOM Me)!()Jy 6y- nO'lHbIMli H3geJ1liHMli If 6apaHKaMH. _ apaHOqHbJe li3genHH BbIpa6aTbIBaIOT li3 IIIlIeHH'lliOH MYKli BbIcrnero li nepBoro COpTO no faCT 7128-81. .II.rrH nOJ1Y'leHHH cTa6HJ1bHOrO Ka'leCTBa li3geJ1Jill peKoMeH}JyeTcH liC- n0J1b30BaTh nrneHH'IHYIO MYKY C cogep)j(aHlfeM KJ1eHKOBHHbI: BbIcrnero copTa - 28-32% li nepBoro - 30-36%. PeuenTypa npHrOTOBneHHH 6apaHO'IHbIX H3geJ1liH npegycMaTplffiaeT CJ1egyroli.\ee COOTHOrneHrle CbIpbH no Macce (Ta6n. 169). TexHoJ1onr'lecKuii npou;ecc npoH3BoAcTBa 6apaHO'IHbIX li3gemrH COCTOliT li3 pHJJ:a onepau,HH: npuroToBnelllUI nplfTBopa, onapbI liJIli KOHu;eHTpHpoBaH- HOM MOnO'1HOKliCJIOH 3aKBaCKli, liJIli )!(llJJ:KOH }J,1fcnepnrpOBaHHOM <p a3bI , TeCTa, OTne)j(Kli, geneHHH Ha KYCKli no 5-15 Kr, HaTlfpKli, OTne)j(Klf If pa3gen- Kif-=- <pOpMOBKH TeCTa, paCCTOHKli, onmapKIf liJIli 06BapKli, Bbme'IKli TeCTO- BbIX 3arOTOBOK H paC<paCOBKli HJ11f ynaKOBKli. TecTo AmI 6apaHO'lHbIX lf3AeJIHH rOTOBRT Ha onape, npliTBope, )!(llJJ:KOH onape lUlH YCKOpeHHblMl! cnoco6aMH: Ha KOHu;eHTpHpOBaHHOH MOnO'lHO- KlicnOH 3aKBaCKe, MOJIO'IHOM CbIBopOTKe li )KligKOH }J,1fcneprlfpOBaHHOH <p a3e . 293 292 
l' a 6 n II rt a 169 Pcrtcmypa (Ha 100 KI' MyKJI) 6apa.'iO'IID>IX IIJACJIIIii H3 lWIeHH"iHOft MYKH BLIClUCI'O H nepBOro COpTOB Macno M YI<B Q HllHMeHOBBHHe mueHH'I- H3p;eJIHii '" t€ II 11M Q xne60-  N .. c.o "," neKBp- Co :.: 'a g, os 0 HM :.: .. f:;- '" :<; iIi jg :.:  a  !Ii .. .. I:: :.: B/e, Ie, o . :I: :.: ",. I:: :s 0 10'" !2 0 0", U or .. ..  :.:" ... :<; '" 0 :.: III I<r I<r e :I: 0 U a '" f .; os U Co or II; - e !Ii 0 S :<; II; o  '"  g  0 !Ii 0 t:; CoCo  :I: !Ii U t:: II; c.. os '" 0 :I: o U i!1 a os 0 "I:! II; U 0 Co'"  ::f Coo  I:! Co  88 ,:<; os U r:rg- u tx: ::Eu 0 0 U t:: '" MonoI<o '"   5  112 15 I f  :i  12 i m 0 .; '" Co h 6  12 u 0 :so )! " 0 t1 Ii! 0 i  12 'I o;t ",15 tI Do Ii :i  s= si or III  0 f  Cf '"  ! m i om 0 0 '"   0 8' DoDo r... III '" 0 0  :i I:! 5 g 0 5 I Co  U Co   t! co  >-  0 ala !s: ::f u  t-o III  It: I. EapaIlKII I3aIIlIJIbHbIe 100 - D,S 1,0 15,0 2,0 0,03 118,53 rOptill'lHbIC - 100 1,0 1,5 8,0 8,0 1,0 119,50 .lJ,c TCI<HC - 100 1,0 1,0 12,0 10,0 124,0 IlHMoHIIbIe 100 - 0,5 1,0 15,0 2,0 0,03 118,53 MOJlOtIHble 100 0,5 1,5 8,0 20,0 130.00 npOCTbIC - 100 0,5 1,5 1,0 103,00 npOCTbIe I1JIH 100 - 0,5 1,0 101,50 KpaJ1:Hcro CCBcpa CJlanHHCKlIc 100 - 1,5 1,0 10,0 12,0 4,0 0,08 0,05 128,63 C'.JJ,06IIbIC OO - 1;0 1,5 8,0 1,0 8,0 1,0 120,50 CaxapIIblc 100 0,5 1,0 15,0 3,0 119,50 CaxapHble C MB- 100 - 0,5 1,0 15,0 4,0 1,0 121,50 KOM QCPKM30BCI<lIC 100 - 0,5 1,5 8,0 10,0 0,15 120,15 RlI'IHble 100 - 1,5 1,5 15,0 200/8 3,0 4,0 133,00 II. CYWKII BaHllJ1bHbIe 100 - 1,5 1,0 20,0 2,0 4,0 1,5 0,03 130,03 fOp'IH'lHbIe 100 - 1,0 1,0 8,0 8,0 118,00 C KOpIlUCJ1: 100 - 1,5 1,0 14,0 10,0 4,0 0,02 1,4 131,92 ThIMoHHble 100 - 0,5 1,5 1,0 0.03 103,03 JlIo611TeJJbCI<lIC 100 - 1,0 1.0 10,0 10,0 0,45 122,45 MamoT!<a 100 1,0 1,0 12,0 8,0 3,0 125,00 MOJlO'lHbIe 100 - 1,0 1,0 10,0 5,0 15,0 132,00 C MaKOM 100 - 0,5 1,5 1,0 1,5 1,5 106,00 HOBbIe 100 - 1,0 1,0 10,0 5,0 2,0 119,00 294 295 
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T a 6 n II U a 179 YnaKOBKa H XpaHeHHe Pcqcmypa If pC1KHM npllTOTOBJlCHHH TecTa J1JI5I CYUIIO! npOCTOH Ha onapc IIJIlI KOHqCUTpllpOBaIlHOH MOJlO'lHOKHCJ10H 3aKDaCKC rOTOBbIe H3eriHH yI,iaKoBhlBalOT H xpaHJIT B COOTBeTCTBInl C rOCT 7128-81. HaHMCIIOBaHlle CblpbH, nony<pa6pllKaToB II nOKll3aTenCU npoccca PacxoJ:\ CbIpbH n napaMCTpbI no CTa;J.HHM I1pnrOTOBnCHIDl TecTa cnoco60M CymKa mo6mem.CKIUI onapHbIM YCKOPCIIHbIM onapa [ TeCTO KMK3 I TeCTO 20,0 80,0 2,3-3,1 96-97 0,5 1,5 27,7- 29,2 1,9-2,5 7,5 -10 7,2-8,7 no pac'I. 3,3-4,4 no paCtIo 1,5 1,5 1,0 1,0 38 41 36 - 38 65,0 36-38 28-31 30-36 36-39 35-37 210- 300 780-1080 2,5-3,5 2,0-2,5 15 -18 2,0-2,5 3,0-4,0 2,5-3,0 15-20 2,0-2,8 CyrnKY JII05HTeJIbCKYID BbIpa6aThmaJOT H3 nrneHH'IHOH MYKH BhICrne1'O copTa no rOCT 7128-81. CyrnKa nlO6HTeJIbCKaH HMeeT cpoPMY KOJIbn;a, KOJIH'iCCTBO IlITYK B 1 K1' - 95-110. MYKa nillCHiI'lHa51 xnc60ncKapHa51 BbIcllIero 1IJ111 nepBoro copTa, Kr .QpO)lOKii npCCCOBaHHbIC, Kr Onapa, Kr OIIHC3HHe TeXHOJIOnflJeCKOrO npon;ecca KMK3, Kr Bona, Kr COJIb nODapCHHa51 IIlI1I1CBaH, Kr Caxap-IIccoK, Kr BnaJl(HOCTh, % TCMIIcpaTypa Hat/aJlbHaH, °c npOnOn)l(lfTeJlbHOCTb Gp0)l(CIIIi5I, MlIH KlICJJOTHOCTb KOHC'IHaH, rpap;: DbIClI1CrO capTa I cOpTa TecTo 1JllH cyrnKH nlO6HTenbcKoH 1'OTO'EHT nlO6biM BbIllIeOlllicaHHbIM cno- C060M. PC!CIuypa H pe)KJfM npHrOTOBJIeHWI TeCTa onapHbIM H YCKopeHHbIM (Ha )i<HKOli AHCncp1'HpoBaHHoH cpa3e) cnoco5aMH no OTeJIbIIbIM CTa,lUffiM TeXHOJIOrH'IeCKoro npou;ecca npKBeeHbI B TaUJI. 180. T a 6 n 11 q a 180 Pcuemypa II PC)l(HM npIlrOTOBJlewU! Tecm J1JI5I CYUIICH mo6meJIbCKOii Ha onape lIJIlI YCKOPCHHbIM CIIOco60M Ha KOiI: AHCl1eprHpODaHHOH £Pa3C Orne>KKa, HaTHpKa, pa3enKa TeCTa, pacCToih,a, oumapKa H Bhme'lKa TecTo, npnroToBneHHoe OHHM H3- BbIIlIeYK33aHHbIX cnoco6oB, Hocne 10-20 MHH nOKon pa3pe3alOT Ha KYCKH no 5-15 Kr H 3-4 pa3a nponycKaIOT 'lepe3 pHcpneHbIe BaJIbIJ;bI HaTHpO'lHOH MaIillfHbl. nocne HaTHpKH lUIaCTbI TeCTa CBopa'IHBaJOT B BHe pynoHoB H OCTaBJlJlIOT ):VIR OTne>KKll Ha 10-20 MHH. npH MCXaHH3HpOBaHHoM npoH3BocTBe 33MellIeHHoe TeCTO cpa3Y )KC IIOCTY- naeT B HarnpO'IHYIO M3llIHH)', rD,e eMY npH,IJ;aeTCn cpopMa nnacra, KOTOpbIH pa3pe3aJOT Ha KYB'KH MaccoH 5-15 Kr, H OCTaBJIHIOT IUIn OTne)KK1L Pa3enKY H cpOpMOBKY TCCTa HpOH3BOHT B CJIHTCnbHo-3aKaTO'lHOH MallIlIHC lliIH BPY'IH)'IO. PaccToHKY npoH3BoHT B paccTOHHoM rnKacpy npH TeMnepaType 35- 40°C H OTHOCHTenbHOH BnIDKHocrn B03yxa 75-85% B Te1.JeHne 15-55 MHH. OumapKY TeCTOBbIX 33rOTOBOK npOH3BoHT napoM B oTenbIloH IIapo- BOH KaJ\.lepc lliIH BXOD,Hl.l\eH B COCTaB arperaTa paCCTOHHo-ornnapo'J:Horo _ nellHoro HJIH ornHapo'LHo-neIlHo1'o B TelleHHe 1-3,5 MJIH. npH OTCYTCTBIill oumapO'lHOH KaMepbI 3arOTOBKH 06BapKBalOT B CneU;HaJIbHOll: eMKOCTH npH TeMneparype BOJU,I 92-95°C B TelleHHe 45-90 c. BbIlIeKalOT H3cnHfI B Te'leHHe 12-16 I\lliH npH TCMnepaType nCIIH 200- 260°C. Pacxo CbIpbH II nap8MeTpbI no CTI!,I:\IUlM HaII1\,ICHOBaHHC CbIPbf!, I1pHrOTOBnCH1IR TCCTa cnoc0611MH nony.pa6pHKaTOB II nOKa3aTenCH npOl.\ccca onapIIhIM YCKopemlbIM onapa I TeCTO <1> I TC<::TO MYKa IIlileHlI'JHaH xnc60nCKapna51 20 EO 15 85 BblC!!Jcro copTa, la' JJp0)l()K]1 npCCCOBaHHLIe, KT 1,0 1,5* Gna pa, Kr 28,0-29,4 )I{JJ<!>, Kr 59,7-60,8 Bona, ({I' 7,0-8,4 no paC'lcTY 22,2-23,3 no paC'IeTY COJIL IIoBapeHHaH IIlIIJJ;eBa.H, 1<1' I,D 1,0 Caxap-necoK, Kr 10,0 10,0 MaprapllH CTOJIOBbIfi, Kr 10,0 10,0 11lIMoHHa51 3CCeUIJ,lI5I, Kr 0,45 0,45 TCMnepaT'.ipa Ha'laJIbHa5l, °c 28-31 30-36 28-32 35-37 npoJJ;on )f(IlTCJIbHOCTb Gp0)l(eHlI5I, 210-300 20-30 MHH KlICJlOTHOCTb KOHe'IIIaJ1, rpap; 2,5-3,5 2,0-2,5 2,5 -3,0 1,8-2,5 Bna)l(HOCTb, % 38-41 31,0 45,5 -46,5 31,0 * YBemI'ICHa n0311pOBKa Ap0)l()l(efi Hn 0,5 Kr npoTIIB HOpMb!, YCTaHoDneHHofi no peueIITYpc. 310 311 
Orne)KKa, HampKa, pa3geJ1Ka Tecra, paccTofiKa, oumapKa H BbIne<lK8 Ta6nllua 181 Pel{emypa H pHM IJpIll'OTOBmHUI TecTa AJIH 6yiiiJIHKOB )'KpaHHCKHX no 0 nape HJlII KOIlCHTpHpOBaHHOii MOnO'IHOKHCJ101f 3aKBaCKe - TecTo, npl1:rOToBnemme ogHJ-IM H3 BblIlleYKa3aHHbIx cnoc060B, nocne 10-20 MilH nOKOH pa3pe3aloT Ha KYCKH no 5-15 Kr H 3-4 pa3a nponYCKalOT 'Iepe3 pH<pneHbIe BaJ1bl(bI HaTIipO'IHOH MamHHbI. nocne HaTHpKH IUIaCThI TeCTa CBOpa'IHBaIOT B BHge PynoHoB H OCTaB- nHIOT roIH Ome)KKH Ha 10-20 MilH. npH MexaHH3HpOBaHHOM npOH3BogcTBe 3aMeIllaHHoe TeCTO cpa3Y )l(e nocrynaeT B HarHpo'IHYIO MaIIDlH}', rge eMY npHgaeTcR «popMa IUIacra, KOTOpbIH pa3pe3alOT Ha KYCKH MaccoH 5-15 Kr H OCTaBnHlOr gnH Orne)l(KH. Pa3genKY II «pOpMOBKY reCTa npoH3BogHT B ge- nHTcnbHo-3aKaTOl/HOH ManmHe IDIH BpY'IHYID. PaccroHKY npOH3BO}J,RT B paccroHHoM IllKa«py npH reMnepa1)'pe 35- 40°C H orHocHTenbHoH BnIDKHocrH B03gyxa 75-85% B Tel/eHHe IS-55 MilH. OillnapKY TecrOBbIX 3arorOBOK rrpoH3BogHT B oTgenbHoH rrapoBoM KaMepe HJ1H BxogRllIeH B COCTaB paccroHHo-oillnapo'lliO-nC'IHOro arperara B re'lelllIe 1-3,5 MilH. npH oTcyrcrBHH OillnapOl/HOM KaMcpbI 3arorOBKH 06BapHBaJoT B CrreI.{H8J1bHOM eMKOCTH npH reMneparype BO)J;bI 92-95° C B TC'ICllliC 45-90 c. BbirreKaIOT H3gemm B Te'leHHC 14-18 MHH npH TCMnepa- 1)'pc 210-250°C. HallMeHOBBHHe CbIpbR, nonY«lJ86pHKaTOB H nOK838Teneii np01ecca Pacxop; CbIpbR H nap8MCTpbI no CTa,nHJIM IIpHl'OTOBflCHHR TeCTS cnOC060M onapHWM YCKOPCHHbIM onapa I TecTO KMK3 I TeCTO 20- 30 80-70 2,3-3,1 96-97 1,5 2,0* MYKa ITlI1CHlI'lHaJl xneGoneKa pHaJl nepOOrD COpTa, Kr J].P0)l()!(lI xnc50lIcKapHbIC IIpecco- BaHHbiC, Kr Ollapa, Kr KMK3, Kr BO)];a, Kr Conb nOBapeHHaH nllll(eB8JI, Kr Caxap-nCCOK, Kr MaprapHH cronoBLIfi, Kr MaK,Kr TeMnepaTYpa Ha'laJIb!{aJ1, °c npol10n)!(llTenbHOCTb GpO)l(eHIUI, 'I KlICJ10THOCTb KOHe'IHa5l, rpap; Bna)l(HOCTb, % YnaKOBKa H Xp8HCHHe * YBCJllI'IeHa P;0311pOBKa Apo)l()I(eli Ha 0,5 -0,7 Kr lIpoTllB HOpMbi, YCTaHOBneHHoll no peu,enTYpe. rOTOBbIe H3genHR HaHH3bIBalOT Ha Illnarar no 100-150 Illr. B 1 CBR3Ke H nocne oxna)l(geHJ1R pOCCblIIblO HnH B CBH3Kax «PacYIOT B 6YMIDKHbIe MelllKH WIH Kop06KH. 28,2-29,6 6,7-12,6 1,9-2,5 4,4- 5,3 7,5-10,0 IIO pac'leTY 1,5 12,0 8,0 1,5 32-34 1I0 pac'IeTY 1,5 12,0 8,0 1,5 30- 34 36-39 13-18 15 65 3,0- 3,5 31-36 28-31 3,5 -5,0 2,5 -4,0 38-41 2,5 -3,5 31-36 OrnC)KKa, HarnpKa, p83,neJ1Ka'TeCTa, paccroAKa, oumapKa H BLlIIeotK8 TecTo, nplITOTOBneHHoc OAHHM H3 BbIIlleYKaJaHHbIX cnoc060B, nocne 10-20 MHH nOKOH pa3pe3aIOT Ha KYCKH no 5-15 Kr H 3-4 paJa npo- rrycKaJOr 'ICpe3 pH«pncHbIc B8J1bl.{bI HaTHpO'IHOH MaIilllHbI. nocnc HarHpKH IUIaCThI TeCTa CBOpa'lHBaJOT B BHge pynoHoB H OCTaBJ1IDOT )J.JIR Ome)l(KH Ha 10-20 MilH. npH MeXaHH3HpoB8HHOM npOH3BOgCTBC 38MeIllaHHOC TCCTO cpa3Y )KC nOC1)'naeT B Harnpo'lHYIO MaIIDlH}', rge eMY npHgaeTcR «popMa IUIaCTa, KOTo- pbIH paJpe3aIOT Ha KYCKH MaccoH 5-15 Kr H OCTaBnmoT WUI OmC)KKH, Pa3- genKY, «pOpMOBKY TeCTa npOH3BO}J,RT B gcnHTcnbHO-3aKaTO'IHOH ManmHe HJ1H BPY'IHYIO. PaCCTOHKY npOH3BO}J,RT B paCCTOHHOM llIKa«PY npH TCMnepaType 35- 40°C H OTHocHTenbHoH Bna:>KHOCTl! B03xa 75-85% B Te'leHHe 90-'-120 MHH. OillnapKY TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK I1pOH3BO}J,RT B oTgenbHoH napoBoH KaMepe IDIH BXO}J,Rl.l\eH B COCTaB paccToHHo-OillnapO'IHO-ne'IHoro arpcraTa. E y61IlfK YKPIlHHCKIill Ey6nHK YKpanHcKHH BbIpa6aTbIBaJOT H3 ffillellli'IHOH MYKH rrepBoro cop- Ta no rOCT 7128-81, MaccoH 0,1-0,05 Kr. OIIHcaHHC TCXH0J10nfllCCKOrO I1pol.{ccca TecTo )J.JIR 6y6JlliKa YKpamlcKoro rOTOBHT n106b1M BbIIlleonHcaHHbIM cnoc060M. Pel.{emypa H pe)l(JiM npHrOTOBnCllliR TeCTa orrapHbIM H YCKopeHHbIM (Ha KOHl.{eHTpHpOBaHHOH MOnO'lHOKHCnOH 3aKBaCKe) crroc06aMH 1100Tgcnb- HbIM CTa,lJ,HRM TeXHonorWleCKoro rrpol.{ecca rrpegcTaBneHbI B Ta6n. 181. 312 313 
np OTCYTCTI!HH OllmapO'lHOH KllMepbl 3arOTOBKH 06BapHBaI01' B cnCli:H3JIb- HOH CMKOCTH npn TCMncparypc BOAhI 92-9S o C B TCqCHIie 5-20 C. TIcpc noca,rJ,KOH n nc'lb H3J];CJUUI nOCbmmOT MaKOM. TIpH pa60Tc Ha KOMrmCKCHO- MeXaHH3HpOBaHHbIX lIHHHHX oIlycKaC1'CJI HCnOJIb30BaHHC MaKa npn 3aMcce rCCTa H 06CbIliKa HM 1'CCTOBbIX 3ar01'OBOK. YnaKOBKa H xpauemre Mmll1MaJIbHbIH BbIXOJJ; cyxapcH npH BlI3)[(HOC1'l1 MYKH 14,5 -85,5%. TCXHOlIOnI1.JCCKlill npouccc npm:l3BoJJ;CTBa cyxapcH CKJIa)J.bIBaCTCJI H3 ClICJJ;YroUWX OCHOBHbIX 4>a3 H oIIcpaUHii : nplirOTOBJICIiliC TCCTa H Bbme'lKa xnc6a lUll:! cyxapHblx IUIHT; Bbl)J,Cp)l(Ka xnc6a H cyxapHblx IUIHT; pC3Ka xnc6a H cyxapHblx IUIHT Ha 1I0MTH; YKJIaJJ;Ka 1I0MTCfI B KaCCCTbl, Ha 1lliCTbl, Ha nOJJ; nC1fiI; cyrnKa; oxna:>K.II:CIiliC 1:1 oT6paKoBKa cyxapcH; YlIaKoBKa. Cnoc06bl npHroToBlIcHHfI TCCTa 11 BbmCqKa xnc6a, npc)J,Ha3Ha1.JCmIOrO JJ;JIfi Bblpa601'Kll cyxapcH, HcnolIb3yroTCJI 06bI'lHbIC, npHHJIThIC Ha npOl13- BOgCTBC. KaqCCTBO xnc6a IUIfi cyxapcH JJ;OlI)l(HO COOTBCTCTBOBaTh Tpc60BaHWlM JJ;CHCTBYIOUWX cnlH]J,ap1'OB, KpOMC BJIa)I(HOCTH. BlIa)I(HOCTh xnc6a IUIJI cyxa pCH JJ;omKHa OblTb B %, HC 601ICC: H3 MYKH p)l(aHofI 060HHOH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49; H3 MYKII P)l(aIlO-liIIICIiliqUOH 060iiHoH ............48; H3 MYKH muCHlIqUOH o60i'moH ................ 47; II copTa ................ 45; 1 COpTa ................ 44. fOTOBbIC H3JJ;eJUUI HaHH3bIBaIOT Ha umaraT l"",ill:l IUI3IIIMJI YKJIa)J.bIBaIOT B gCPCBJIHHbIC JI1l(HKH H JIOTKH. 5.4. IlPOH3BO,QCTBO CYXAPHbIX H3.QEJIHi1 5.4.1. CyxapH apMci:tcKHe CyxapH apMcIIcKHC Bblpa6aThIBaIOT no fOCT 686-83 H3 xnc6a H cyxap- HbIX IUlliT. Cyxapn npCCTaBJUnoT C060H 1I0MTH xne6a ImH cyxapHblx IDIUT, BbICY- mCHHbIC ,[01JI npIl)J,aHHR HM CTOHKOCTH IIPH xpaHclUlli H B 3aBHCHMOCTH 01' COpTOB MYKH nOJJ;pa3clImoTcfI Ha CJICrorIOll.\HC BHgbI: cyxapH P)l(aHbIC 060HUb1C; cyxapH p)l(aHo-n:llICHH'lHble 060HHbIC; cyxapH muCHHqHbIC 1:13 MYKH 060HHOH, I, II COpTOB. .1.I)1JI cyxapcli npHMCHRIOTCJI cyxapHbIC fillHThI 113 MYKU nmCUH'lHOM ncp- Boro, BToporo COpT on H xnc6 CJICJJ;yromHx HaHMCHOBaH!fii: xnc6 p)I(aJ!Oli npoCToli no fOCT 2077-84; YJ1c6 p)l(aHo-mucHHqHbIH npOCTOM: no fOCT 2077-84' xnc6 mucHHqUblH l!3 060HHOH MYKH no fOCT 27842':'88' XJlcB IIIlIeHHtnllilli H3 MYKH ncpBoro, BToporo COTOB no fOCT 27842-88; yJ1c6 ,,3a6aMKaJIbCKHH" no fOCT 27842-88. BbmC'IKa xnc6a IlpoH3BogHTCn B «popMax xnc60ncKapHblx no fOCT 17327-88. X1Ic6 IUIfl cyxapefI Bblpa6aThlBaIOT no pcuciiTypaM H HHCTPYKUHJIM, YTBCp)I():J:CHHbIM B YCTaHOBlICHHOM nopfl.D:KC. ,anR cyxapHblx IUlHT YCTaHaBJIUBaCTCfl ClICrorIOmcC COOTHomCHHC qaCTcfI CblpMI no Maccc: BbmCtII<Y xnc6a npoli3BO)J.JIT B «popMaX xnc60ncKapHblx no fOCT 17327-88, 06pa6oTaHHbIX IIOJIliMCpHbIM nOKpbITliCM no TCXHOlIOr.H1.JCCKliM IffiCTPYKUHHM, yrBCP:>K.II:CHHbIM B YCTaHOBlICHHOM nopflKc. n p II M C q a H II C. TIOJJ;COlIHCqHOC Macno JJ;lIH CMa3KH «pOpM H JIHCTOB npHMeHRTb no corlIaCOBaHHIO C 3aKa3qHKOM. TCCTO )J)1H cyxapHbIX IUIHT rGTOBHTCfI oIIapHblM cnoc060M (Ta6n. 182). T a 6 n lIU a 182 PeuenTypa II peJKllM npllrOTOBJlCHHH TeCTa AJJ5I cyxapIIbIX nJIHT HaH1\fenOB8HHe Cblpbfl, nony.pa6pUI<aTOB U nOI<a3a TencH npollecca PaCXOA CbIpbH U napaMcTpbI no CTa)].HlIM onapa pa3ACJ1Ka (Ha nOACbInI<Y) MYKa IIUICHHqH<UI I HlIH II copTa . . . . . . . . . . . . . gpO)!()KJi npeCCOBaJIlThIC* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . COlIb nOBapeHHaR nHIl!CBafl ................ 100,0 1,0 1,0 MYKa !IlI1eHlI'IHaJ1 xne60ncl<apHaH I copTa, Kr llpO>K)fQ\ xneGoneKapHblc IIpeCCOBaIIIIbIC, Kr Conb nOBapCHHa5I nllIueBa5I, Kr BOAa, Kr TeMlIepaTYpa Ha'laJIhHaH, 0 C npOp:on>KlITeJlbHOCTb 6pO)l(eHIUI, MlIH KIICJJOTIIOCTh KOHC'lHa5I, rp.u. Bna>KHOCTb, % 57 1,0 40 3 29-30 28-30 240-300 3,5-4,5 42-43 1,0 no pac'lCTY 32-34 60-70 2,5-3,5 38-39,5 * KOnll'leCTBO npeCCOBaIlHbIX P;p0>K)lwfi MO)l(eT 1I3MeHHTbCH B 3aDlIClIMOCTlI OT Ka- 'IeCTBa MYKlI, T.J;pO)K)I(eilll ycnOBlIil IIp01l3BOp;CTBa. 314 315 
P83].WnIGt, paoc1'0100," H BLlDellKa cyxapBLIX mmr YlOIaJIKa JIOMTe Pa3)J;eJIKa TeCTa H paccToiiKa TeCTOBIaIX 3arOToBOK ocytnecrnnJleTCJI cornaCHO CxeMe, npmulToii Ha npeAIIpIDInIH c }"IeTOM HMeIOllterOCJI o60py- )J;QBaHIDI. TeCTOBble 3arOTOBKH, COpMOBaHHble Ha ManIHH3X THIla MCll-2 H )J;p., YKJIa)J;bIBaIOTCH Ha JIHCT, 06p83YH 1IJIHT)'-pJI,IJ.. OpHeHTHpoBO'IHVI MaCC8 TCCTOBOH 3arOTOBKH rnmTDI-pH,D;a 0,9-1,0 KI'. J1HCThI ,IJ.JIJI yKJ13AKH rnmT-3arOTOBOK nO)J;CbIDaIOTCJI M)'KOH. .IJ.onYCKa- eTCH HCnOJ1b30BaHHe }J,JIJI nO,IJ.CbIDKH JIHCTOB BMeCTO MYKH KpOWKH H3 cy- xapHbIX IUlHT H cyxapCH, KOTOpyIO npoceHBaIOT H nponycKaIOT qCpe3 Mar- IlliThI. PaCCTOHKa 3arOTOBOK BC,IJ.eTCH 13 paCCTOlrnbIX WKaax 13 napoYBJIa)\(- HeHHOH cpe)J;e. OpHeHTHpOBOtffiaH npoAOmKHTCJ1bHOCTh paccTOHKH IIJ1HT- 3arOT0130K 40-70 MHH. BbillC'lKY CyxaPHbIX nmu npoH3Do)J;HT npH TeMIIeparype 230-250° C 6C3 YBJIaJKHCHHJl. .uonycKaeTcH ncpe,IJ. IIbIDCqKOH cyxapHblc WIHTbI HaKaJIbIllaTb. npo,IJ.OJDIGITeJIbHOCTh BblllC'IKH 18-35 MHH. Tcr.mcpaT)'pa H npOAOIDKHTCJIbHOCTh B1>meqKll MorYT MelUiThCH 13 3aBH- CHMOCTH OT KOHCTPYKTHJilHJ.IX oco6eHHocTeH ne'lCH. HapC3aHHbIe nOMTl! XJ1c6a coprllpYIOT H YKnaJJ,bIBaIOT 13 KaCCCThl, Ha nHCTbI lUll! Ha nOA nClIH H HaI1paBnlliOT Ha CyrnKY. OT6paKoBKc nO}J,JIC)\(aT nOMTH HCCTaH,1J.apTHblc no pa3MepaM H nOB- pC:JK,J:(Cmlblc. Cnoc06 YKnaAKH cyxapcii 13bI6HpaIOr 13 3a13HCHMOCTH OT KOH- CTPYK[(HH cyrnHnKl1. CYWK3 CYlllKY cyxapeii npOH3BOAJIT 13 CnCl.(HaJIbHbIX cyuIIUIKax lUlH 13 XJIc60- nCKapHbIX ncqax pa3mlqHbIX CHCTCM. CYIlIHTb cyxapH 13 XJIC60nCKapHbIx ncqax MO:>KHO 13 MCr3JIJIHqCCKHX KaCCCTax, Ha JIHCTaX IUIH Hcnocpc}J;cT13eH- HO Ha no}J.y. HaI160ncc [(cncC006pa3Hoii npH cyrnKe 13 ncqax cncAycT C'IlITaTh CYWKY cyxapcfi 13 KacceTax npH 13epTHKaJIbHOM pacnOnO)\(eHHH JIOMTCH (ra6n. 183). l' a 6 n II U a 183 BbI)J;ep:IKKa XJ1e6a H cyxapHLlx WUIT OplleHTlIpOBO'lllbrn PC;t(l{M CY1I1Kl1 pmaHblx II pmaHo-nweHII'UlbIX cyxapei.. B pa3JJlI'iHbIX CYWHJJbHbIX KaMepax X.r1c6 II WIHThI nOCJ1C BbmCqKll nocTyIIaIOT Ha OxnIDK.D:CHHC II 13bI)J;CP)\(- KY. OxnrotQJ;eHHe II BbIAep:)KKa npOH3BO}J,JiTCH Ha CnilJ;HOHapHblX nOJ1K3X, BarOHCTKax, CnCl.(HaJThHblX moJ1e'IHO-KOHBCHepHbIx lUIH APyrHX 'YCTaH013Kax. X.r1e6 H cyxapHble WIHTbf YKJIaJJ,blBaIOT Ha AcpeBHHHOC OCHOBaHHe C OT- BCpCTHJlMH 13 0)J;HH pM Ha HIDKHIOIO KOPKY. ,I],nJl YCKOPCHHH npou;ccca OXJIa)\(- )J;eHHJl pCKOMCHAYCTCH npHMCIDITL npHTO'IHO-BbITH:>KHyro BCHTHJ1Hl.(HIO. npOAOmKHTCJ1bHOCTh BbIACp>KKH 4-48 q. ,lJ;rnTCJ1bHOCTh BbIAep)l(l(H onpeAe- MeTCJI cnoco6HoCTbIO xnc6a K pe3KC 6e3 Ae«popMaxnm, 3aMa3bIBaHHJI nop xne6a lUIH H3JIHIllHeH KpowKoBaTocTH. Pe3Ka XJ1e6a II CyxapHblX W1HT CHCTCMa TCMnepaTypa npOAOJDKHTCm- CYll1IiJThHLIX BXOAHlI.\erO B03- HQCTh CYlll!CH, KaMep Ayxa, 0 C 'lac <l>Tn (CET, COT, CnT) 120-130 6-7 rllnpoxJJc6 110-125 9-12 KC-2, r4-XCK 110 4-5 nKB-7, nKB-8 125 4,5 -5 ,0 Ko KlIIla 125 -130 6-7 KC-I00 110 6-7 KJ1KB 100-105 7-8 Pe3KY CyxaPHbIX nJIHT Ha JIOMTH npoll3BOAHT MaIIIHHaMM nma MapKH A2-XP2TI IUIH APyroii KOHCTpYKl.(HH. 1D0pM0130H XJIc6 pe)\(CTCH XJIc60pe- 38TCJ1bHbIMH MaI.I.IHHaMH, JIH60 13PY'ffiYIO, C TaKHM paC1.JeTOM, qT06bl 6bma o6ecneqCHa TOJIllUUia cyxapcH 13 COOT:BCTCT13HH C Tpe6013aHHHMH CTaH}J;apra. TOJIlltlUla p>KaHhIX II p>KaHO-mUeHH'lHbIX cyxapcH no KopKe 15-25 MM, mneHH'IHb1X - 12-20 MM. TeMIIcparypy H J]JllITCnbHOCTb cyrnKH YCTaHaBJIM13aIOT 13 3aBHCHMOCTH OT KaqeCrna nOJIy«pa6PHKaro13, KOHCTpYKTH13HbIX OC06cHHocTeH CYIlIHJ1bHbIX KaMCp H neqcfi, cnoc06a H IUIorHocm 3arpY3Kl1 13arOHeTOK WIll nOAa nellH JIOMTHMlI XJ1c6a. 316 317 
YnaKOBKa, Tpe60BaHWI K ymu<OnO'lHhlM lV'.arepIDlJIaM, K reXHHKe H KafJecrny ynaKOBKH naKeTbI II3 nOJUI3TIU1eHOBOll IUJeHKll no faCT 10354-82; Hll\IIKII H3 rocppHpoBaHHoro KapTOHa no rOCT 13512-81 (N° 22, N° 23) , no faCT 13511-84 (N° 10); naKeTbl6YMaJKHbIe no faCT 24370-80; 6aHKH )KeCTHHbIe IJ)1H muueBbIX npoA)'KTOB no faCT 16604-71; HWH<H AOll\a Tble rum cpaJ-IepHbIe. TIoTpe6HrenbCK3J1 II TpaHCnOpTHaH Tapa AomKHa 6bITb lIJICTOH, 6e3 nOCTopOHlIero 3anaxa. H MelliKH 6YMa)I(HbIe MI-IOrOCflOHHbIe CyxaPH AomKHbI 6bITb ynO)KeHbI IUJOTHbIMII pfl]J.3Mll. YK(13)J,Ka HaB3J10M He AonYCKaeTCH. .IJ,nsi 06nePlel'lIIH YKJ1a.D: KH cyxapei1 ynoTpe6nHJOT CrreUH3J1bHbIe nOTKH. CyxapH IUJOTIIbIMH pH,lJ,aJ\1H YKJla,IJ,bIBaJOr H3 J10TKH, nOTOK B):lBHraJOT B MelliOK H 6bICTpbIM ABIDKeHHeM BbIHnMaJOT 06paTIIo, He HapYUIaH npn 31'0M YKnaAKH cyxapeii: npaBIDIbHbIMH pH,lJ,aMH. 3alllHBI<,a MelliKOB Aon)I(Ha 6bITb Tll\aTenbHOH. H npOH3BO):lllTbC.H cypo- BOH HllTKOli, IillIaraTOM rum KarrpOHOBOH IlliTKOi1 Bp)"ITfYID rum MaIlIHHHOH CTpO'IKOH. TIo CrreUH3J1bHOMY 3aKa3Y ynaKoBKa cyxapei1 AOn)KHa npOH3BO):llll"bCH B 6}'Ma)I(HbIe MHorocnOllHbIe MelliKH, naMllIllipOBaHHbIe nOJlli3THneHOM, MapKll TIM no rOCT 2226-15 rum MelIIKH 6Y1\1a)I(HbIe ApyrHx MapoK C HC- nonb30BaIIHeM nOmI3TIU1eHOBOro BKna)J,bIllia (naI<er H3 IUJeHKH nonlI3TH- neHoBoi1). TIaKeT TepMocBapllBaJOT. no pa3Mepy 6YM3)j(J{OrO MelliKa. fopnoBIDIY MelliKOB npH 31'0M 3aAenbIBaIDT repMeTlI'ffiO MeTOAOM TepMOKJ1ei1KII IDIH l:Icnonb3YH KJ1eeB}'1O 6YMa)I(HYID rum nonHMepHylO neHTY KaK yKa3aHo B pa3Aene "YnaKoBKa cyxapei1 B naKeTbI H3 nOJlli3TlUleHOBoH iUIeHKll" . B op',HoCnOHHbIe 6YMa)I(HbIe naKeTbI cyxapH paccpacoBbIBaJOTcH MaccoH 0,3 rum 0,7 KI' C nocneA}'lOll\eH ynaKoBKoH B Hll\IIKH II3 rocppIIpoBaHHoro KaproHa N° 22, N° 23 no fOCT 13512-81. N° 10 no fOCT 1351184. K1IanaIlbI II ToplleBbIe 'IaCTII J],Ha. l:I KpbIllIKH .HIllllKOB OKJIelIBaIDT 6YMa)I(HoH HnH nOJIHMepHOH neHToH. YnaKOBKa cyxapeH B naKeTbI H3 nOJlli3THJ1eHOBOH IUJeHKH. TIo Tpe60BaHliJO norpe6nTeJUI apMeHcKlle cyxapH ynaKoBbIB3IOT noc- neAOBaTenbHO B ABa Bl:IA3 nOTpe6HrenbCKOH rapbI.: naKeT (MelliOK) 6YMroK- HbIH 3-6 cnollHbIH H rraKeT H3 nOnHJTHneHOBOH IUJeHKH. MCllioK (naKer) 6YMa)I(HbIH rro. faCT 222.675 pa3pe3aI(n: Ha )J.Be paB- HbIe '1aCTH. Pa3Mcp naKeTa 460X460 :!: 10 MM. BepXHJOJO IillCTb MelliKa HC- nonb3YJOT TaK)KC IJ)1H ynaKoBKII. IJ)1H lIero CKJ1a.D:bIBaIOT AIID H CKJ1ellBalOT KJIeeBOH 6YMa)KHOH n.eHTOH IlllipIDIOH 100 MM no faCT 18251-72 lUlH 6}'MIDKHOH neHToH c. npIIMcHeHIIeM KJIeJOll\IIX COCTaBOB, pa3pellicHHbIX WI.H Illill\eBOH npoMbIllU1eHHOCTH. TIocne 3arrOnJIeHHH naKeTa CyxaPHMll BCpX- HIOJO '1aCTb CKJIa)J,bIBaIOT TaK)Ke, KaK H AHO. H 3aKJIeHBaJO'f 6}'M3)j(J{OH neHToiL fOTOBbIH 6}'Ma)I(Hbru naKeT Co cyxap.HMll BbI):lep>KHBaIOT B CYXOM nOMe- LlleHl:IH npH TCMnepaType 17-21° C He MeHee 4 'I. BH3Y3J1bHO npOCMaTpH. BaIOT Ka'leCrBO nepBH'lHOH ynaKOBKll H npoH3BOJJ)IT BTOpH'IH)'JO ynaKoBKY' B naKer H3 nOJIH3THJ1eHOBOH llJIeHKll. OrrTIIMaJIhm.m pe)KHM cYllJIm. npH nocromrnoH reMTIepa1'}'pC no cry- DaJOll\erO B C}'IlIHnKY B03]JyXa 120° C" OpHeHTHpOBO'IHbrH pe:>KHM CYlliKH pJoKaHl>IX 060Hm.IX, p>K£m:o-rrllIcHHtJ1IDIX 060Hm,IX cyxapeH B XJIe60neKapubIX Deqax XP: reMIIeparypa B03AYxa, ° C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100-120; ):lJ1HTenblIOC1"b CynIKH, 'I: B Kaccerax ............... . . 10-11; Ha IIHcrax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ., 6-8 ; Ha noA)' ..................... 6-7. npH cynn<:e 'noMreH n >KapOBbIX ne'Iax l{eJIeco06pa:mo npoH3BoJUHb Dpe1J,BapHreJIbHyJO 06>KapKY HX DPH reMIIeparype 120-150° C H AocyunmaTh DpH Tel\meparype 100-120° C. 3a 10-12 'I Me)K):ly TOnKaMH oCYll\ecrnJlJIer- CH 2-3 o60poTa Ha 06)KapKe H 1-2 o60poTa Ha Aocyun<e. 06>KapKa MO)Ker npoH3BO):lHTbCJI B XJIe60neKapHblX nelillx pa3HbIX KOHCrpYI<IUill npn reMIIeparype 190-210° C B re'IeHUe 20-40 MHH (na- paMeTpbI MorYT MeWlTbCJI), Docne 'Iero npOH3BO):lHrCH cYUIKa cyxapeii B cynnmbHOH KaMepe. B XJIe60neKapHbIX nJOne'lHO-nOJJ,HKOBbIX ne'Iax cYlIIKa cyxapeii rrpoH3BonHrC.H nplI reMJIeparype 120-130° C B re'lClllie 4-5 'I. Cynncy cyxapeH nllieHll'UlbIX 83 MyKH nepBoro H BTOporo coprOB H3 CyxapF.bIX IUllir npoH3BO):(,,!IT Ha MeTaJU'.11'1eCKllX mIcrax lUlH cerKax B ne'lax DPH :reMncparype 180-220°C B Te'IeHlle 13-40 M11H B 3aBHCHMOCTH or KOHcrpYKTHBHbIX oco6eHHocren ne'leH. . _ Oxna)K,1J;eHUe H oT6p:u<oBKa cyxapeH. CyxapH nocne BbIXOAa H3 CYIllliJ1b- HOH KaMepbI (rre'Di) OXJIa.>K,D;aJOrc.H. OXJIIDK,iJ.eHUe rOTOBbIX cyxapcH ocy- ll\ecrnnn:erCH B BaroHcrKax. Ha oxna):lllTenbHbIX KOHrelrnepax, Jlli60 Ha MHOroHpycHbIX rpaHcnoprepax B 3aBHClIMOCTH or YCJlOBHM npCAnpHn:TH.H. nepep, yrraKOBKOH cyxapli or6paKoBbIBaJOr, npH 3TOM oT6npaJOr cy- xapB rOpCJIbIe. co CKB03HJ>IMll TpeIllllHaMll, c nocTopoHIlliM11 BKJIJO'IeHUHMll, 3arpH3HeHHbIc. HeCraJI,J:¥lpTIlbIe no pa3McpaM. Op,HOBpeMcHHo or6p:u<oBbI- BaJOr cyxapH HerrpocYUIcHHble. Hocne or6p:u<oBKll CyxapH, npe}J;Ha3Ha'leHHbIe )J.JI.H ynaKoBKH B repMe- TlI'mym Tapy ()KCCTHHble 6auKH, naKerbI nOJlli3TImeHOBhIe). BbICraHBa- JOr B .HIlJ,}iKax Jmn B MeillKax 6}'Ma)I(HblX B re'lCHUe 4-48 'laCOB. Bna:>KHOCTb cyxapeH nocne BbIcrOHKH He Aon)I(Ha npCBb!II.Iarb nOKa3arencH BnIDKHOCTH AeHcTBYIDll\cro craH,!J:apra. CyxapH apMeHcKlle BbmycKaJOr BCCOBbIMH H cpacOBaHRhIMll no faCT 686-83. CyxapH ynaKOBbIDaJOr B cncAyroll\He BHAbI nOTpe6HTenbcKoH H TpaHCnOpTJIOH rapbI: MCIllKH 6YMa)KHbIe MllOrOCnOMHbIe no faCT 2226-75 MapKH HM. EM. TIM; 319 318 
.QJm H3rOTOBJIeHHH nOJIH3TilllCHOBl,IX naKeTOB npHMeHHIOT nJIeHKY nOJIHJ11fJIeHOByro ll!Ill\eByro HeCTa6umf3HpOBaHHY!Q no fOCT 10354-82 MapKH H B BHAe PYK8Ba lIDIpIDIOll 490-570 MM H TomWiHoll 0,10-0,12 MM. PyJIOH Hape3alOT B BH,.TJ;C Tpy60K 1J,J!ill-roll 540-560 MM, KOTOpbIe TepMo- cBapHBalOI C owroro Topa. fIpH OTCYTCIBlfil. pYKaBa H3 nOJIH3TillleHOBoro nOJIoma BbIpe3aIOT 3arOTOBKH lIDIpHHOll 510-530 MM, 1J,J!HHOH 1090- 1 I 10 MM, H3 KOTOpbIX TcpMocBapHBalOT naKcn,I pa3MepoM 550X500 MM C npep;CJIbHbIM OTKJIOHeHMCM :t 10 MM; fIoCJIC ynaKoBKH 6YMa)I(Horo naKeTa C CyxaPHMH B nOJIH311fJIeHOBbIif naKeT BKJIa.D;bIBaIOI HpJIbIK, 3aTeM TepMocBapHBalOT rOpJIOBllliY naKeIa. )J.ruI TcpMOCBapHBaHHH 1Im0B nOJIH3TillleHOBoro naKCTa npHMeHHcTcH MalIDI- Ha nmr HMnYJIbCHOll TcpMocBapKH MapKH M6-ATI-2C KancyncKoro 3aBOp;a MmUICrIllill\eMawa llHTOBCKOif CCP HJIH aHaJIOrH'IHOH KOHCTPYKIUfH, a TalOKC npIfcnoc06JIeHMe TIfna nOJIyoBaJIbHbIX namIbHHI<OB C HHXpO1OBOH nOJIOColl. fIpH oCMoTpe COCTOmIIDI nOBepXHOCTI1 If IllBa BIOpH'lHOll ynaKOB- KH Hep;onyCTlIMbI CKJIa,!UQf, cBapKa BHaxJIeCT If nepe)!(or liIDa. fIpOKOJIbI H nOBpc)!(,[\eHHH nOJIHJ11fJICHOBOll IUIeHKH, HapymeHHe rep- MCTII'lHOCTH IOOOB Hcp;onYCTIIMbI. fCpMeTII'lHOCIb npoBcpIDOI no n. n. 3.10, rOCT 686-83. fOTOBbIC naKCTbI C CyxaPHMH YKJIa}I,bIBaIOT no ABe ynaKoBKH B Hll\IfKH H3 rocppHpoBaHHoro KapToHa NQ 22, 23 no fOCT 13512-81, N° 10 no fOCT 13511-84. .Hru;HKH P;OJI)l(HbI 6bITb nop;roTOBJIeHbI B neIJyIOIUeM nopHAKe: OKJIeIfBaIOT KJIanaHbI H TopeBbIc 'laCTH p;Ha 6YMa.JKHOH KJICeBOH neH- Toif nmpHHoll 70-100 MM; B Hll\HK no BHyrpeHHcMy ncpHMcTPy ero BepTI1KaJIbHbIX CTeHOK nOMe- ru;aIOT BKJl8Ablliill no fOCT 9142-84 TaK, 'lT06bI MeIaJIJIH'IeCKHe cKpenKH Hll\HKa 6bUIIf 3aKpbITbI; nocne YKJIaAKH H3p;emm KJIanaHbI KpbIllIKH H TOPlLbI rocppHpOBaHHO- ro Hll\HKa OKJIeHBalOT TOM: )!(C nCHTOH. KaTOHHbIc m:mKH p;On)I(HbI OKneHBaThCJJ H 06TJJnfBaTbCH B p;Ba pMa KnccBOH 6}'MIDKHOH IDlli nonHMcpHOll neHTOll. Ka)!(,[\bm naKeI H HlI.{HK MapKHpYIOI. B naKCTC HpJIbIK p;On)!(CH 6bITh pacnOnO)!(eH MC)!(,[\y 6}'Ma.JKHbIM naKeIOM H nOID!3IillleHOBOll IUlCHKOll. .HpJIbIK HaKJICHBaIOT Ha Hll\HK B nCBOM BepXHCM yrny. YnaKOBKa cyxapeH B 6aHKH )!(CCTmIbIC. EaHKH )!(CCTmIbIC N° 1, N° 4 no rOCT 16604-71 BHYTPH npOTIIpaIOT Tpmn<OH, npOKJIMbIBaIOI ncpraMCH- TOM, nOATIepr8MCHTOM HJIH 06epTO'IHOll 6YMarOll. fIpoKIIMKH pa3pC3alOT Ha nHCThI C TaKHM paC'leIOM, 'lT06bI KOHaMH nHCTOB 3aKpbITh cyxapH CBCPXY. B npeABapUIcnbHO B3BClllCHHyro 6aHKY cyxapH nlllCHH'lHbIe 1, 2 COpTOB H3 cyxapHblX nJIHT YKJIa,II;bIBaIOT HaCbIIThlO, a cyxapH H3 cpOpMO- Boro XJlc6a IUlOmbIMH pH,D;aMH Ha pe6po. EaHKH C cyxapHMH 3aKpbIJlaIOT KpbIlllK8MH H ncpep;alOT Ha 3anaHKY. 3anaHHHbIe 6aHKH AOJI)l(HbI 6bITb npoBcpeHbJ Ha repMeTII'lHOCTh no MCTO- AHKe, YKa3aHHOll B fOCT 686-83 n. n. 3.9. MCCTa, B KOTOpblX HapymcHa repMCTH'lHOCTb (BblXO}J;l1T B03IJyX) OTMC'lalOT H 3anaHBalOT p;ononHHTenbHO. EaHKY npOTIIpaJOT CYXOll TpHnKoif. Bo H36e)!(aHHe p)!(aB'lHHbI 6aHKH CMa3bI- BalOT TeXHlf'leCKHM Ba3cmrnOM (BTB-l) TY 38101180-76, illlH Ba3emrnOM 1J,J!H pe3HHoBoll npoMbIllUlCIffiOCTII no OCT 38.1.56-79, IDlH cMa3Koll IUlac- TII'ICCKOH fIBK no fOCT 19537-83. EaHKH N° 1 ynaKoBbIBaIOT B Hll\HKH H3 rocppHpOBaHHOrO KapTOHa N° 22, 23 no fOCT 13512-81 illlH N° 10 no fOCT 13511-84. Hru;HKH OKJIeHBaIOI KJIeeBofr JIeHTOll no fOCT 18251-72 illlH neHTOH 6YMIDKHOH no fOCT 10459-72. B Ka'leCTBC KJ1CH Hcnonb3yeTcH nOnHBHHHJIaCTamaH J1,Hcnep- CW! no fOCT 18992-80. lilirpmm neHTbI 70-100 MM. EaHKH N° 4 ynaKoBbIBaIOT no 2-3 6aHKH B p;Oll\aThIe rum cpaHepHbIC Hll\HKH. .Hll\HKH 06HBaIOI no nepHMeTpy CIaJIbHOll ynaKoBo'IHoll nCHTOll no fOCT 3560-73, CTaJIbHOH npoBonoKoH no fOCT 3282-74 rum nonoc- KaM1f 6enoll )!(eCTII, nonY'leHHbIx H3 OTXOP;OB npOH3BoACTBa. fI p H M e '1 a H H e. fIpH H3rOTOBnCHHH )I(CCTHHbIX 6aBOK BPy<IHYIO p;onycKacIcH pa}J;l1Yc yrnoB YMemlIDITb AO 3-5 MM C nponaiiKoll lllBOB no fOCT 19249-73. fIo cornaCOBaHHIO C nOTpe6HTcnCM p;onycKacIcH H3ro- TOBnCHHC H HcnOnb30BaHHC 6aHOK 6e3 paAHyca oKpyrneHHH. Macca cyxapcH, HeTTO B MelllKax 6YMIDKHbIX: p)l(aHbIC, p)!(aHO-ITlUeHH'lHbIe, nllleI-m'lHbIe 060llHbIC. . . . . . . . . p;o 15 Kr B naKeTaX H3 nonH3TilllcHoBOll IUleHKH: p)!(aHbIe, p)!(aHO-nlllCHH'lHbIC, ITlUCHH'lIlbIe 060llHbIC OT 3,5 AO 4, 5 Kr ITlUCHH'lHhIe H3 MYKH I, II COpTOB .. . . . . . . . . . .. OT 3,0 p;o 4,0 Kr B- )!(CCTHHblX 6aHKa.x: N° 1 - p)l(aHble, p)!(8HO-nlllCHH'llIbIC, IUlleHH'lHble 060llHbIC HC 60nee 8,5 Kr OT 4,5 p;o 6,0 Kr N° 1 - ITlUCHH'lHbIC H3 MYKH I, II COpTOB ........ HC 60nec 6,0 Kr N° 4 - IUllCHH'lHbIC H3 MyKH I, II COpTOB ........ OT 3,5 p;o 4,5 Kr B O)J;HOCnOllHblX 6YMa)I(HbIX naKCTaX . . . . . . . . . . . . 0,3 Kr IDlH 0,7 Kr )J.onycKacMbIc OTI<JIOHemiH no Macce: :t 5% npH Maccc HCTTO 0,3 Kr :t 4% npH Maccc HCTrO CBbIlliC 0,3 Kr MapKHpoBKY, TpaHcnOprnpOBaHHC H xpaHCHHe ynaKOBaHHblX cyxapeH npOH3BoMI comaCHO p;ellCTBY!Oll\eMY CTaHAapTY Ha cyxapH apMcllCKHC. N° 4 - P)!(aHbIC, p)l(aHO-nlllCHH'lHbIC, ITlUClill'IHbIC 060llHbIC 11 3aK. 1116 321 320 
nCpC'JCHb HOpMaTllBHO-TeXHH'ICCKOii AOKYMeHTaLtllH H3 ynaKOBO'JHbIe H BCnOMOraTeJlbHhIC M3TepHaJIhI HOpMbl pacxoJI,a ynaKOBO'lHbIX " BCnOMOraTenbHblX MaTepH31IOB lIP" yrraKoBKe cyxapeH B lIaKeTbI 6YMa)K}Ible o}J;HocnofuIble (lIP" MaCCe cyxapeH 0,3 Kf) npHBep;eHbl B Ta6n. 186. H3IlMeHOBaHUe HT)J. l3aHKlI )l(eCTHHble AJiH IIlIweBLlX IIpO)J.yKTOB N9 I, N9 4 ncpr3MeHT nOjJ,IJcpraMeHT (MapKa n-3) EYMara 06CpTO'IHaJI Ba3CJllIH TeXHlI'IeCKlIfi CMa3Ka nnaCTII'IeCKaJI (nnK) JlIl(H1<1I1I3 rOlppnpoBalIHoI"O l<apToH3: AJlJI KOH)J;IITCpCKlIX 1I311CJJJII1 NQ 22, 23 )J;JlJI IIpo)J;oBonbCTBeIllIblx TOBapoB NQ 10 JIcHTa KflCCBaJI Ha 6YM3)I(H011 OCHOBC I3YMara-<>cHoBa J],il.H KJlCCBOIJ nCHTbI JJ.ucnepclUI nOJIllBIIHlIJiaI T .eTaTHaJ1 roMonOJlIIMepHaJI, rpyGOAHCITCpCHaJI J{aRlIIpOnb COCHOBaH J{aRllIjJOJlb 113 OTXO)J;OB AMMOHlIfi xnopllCTbII1 TeXHlI'ICCI<lIfi (Hal!1aThlpb) CnllpT 3THJlOBbltI rIII1pOJl1l3HbIfi npllnotl nOC40 DYMara MeIllO'lHaJI nOJl1l3THJleHOBaJI nneHK3 HCCTaGHJJJ!311pOBaHHaJI, HeOKpa- lI1CllliaJI, nllweBaJI TOJIIl(HHOI1 0,10 MM MapKlI H MClI1KlI GYMa)I(HbIe IUrraraT TeXHI111CcKlII1 l' a 6 n II U 8 184 0603na1leHUe HT)J. D8] rOCT 16604-71 K68 roCT 1341-84 K68 rOCT 1760-86 K68 rOCT 8273-75 OCT 38.1.56-74 E-36 rOCT 19537-83 JJ.74 rOCT 13512-81 JJ.74 rOCT 13511-84 K68 rOCT 18251-72 K68 rOCT 10459-72 JI27 rOCT 18992-80 JI43 rOCT 19113-84 TY 81-05.23-78 JIl4 rOCT 2210-73 JI25 rOCT 17299-78 B-51 rOCT 21931-76 K68 rOCT 2228-81 E JI27 rOCT 10354-82 JJ.75 rOCT 2226-75 M78 rOCT 16266-70 H8HMeHOB8lI1ie ynaKOBO'DlhIX H BcnOMoraTenbHblX MaTepHMOB naKeTbI GYM8)I(HbIC ogHOCnotlHbic, lI1T JlIl(HKlI 113 roljJpHpOBaIIHOrO KapTOHa, lI1T JIeHTa KJleeBa5I, Kr EYMara STHKeTO'IHaJ1. (nJlOTHocTb 70 r/M2) , M 2 T 8 G JI H U a 186 Pacxog Ha oAllY TOInIY cyxapen 3360 105 4 5,1 HOpMbl pacxop;a yrraKOBO'lHblX " BCIIOMOraTenbHblX MaTep"aJIOB lIP" yrraK<;JBKe cyxapen B 6auKY N° llIpHBep;eHbI B Ta6n. 187. HaHMeHOB8lIHe ynaKOBO'IHbIX H BcnoMotaTe1IbHblX MaTepHanOB T 8 6 n II U a 187 Pacxop; Ha OAllY TOHHY cyxapeii nWeHH'JHbIX p>KIUIbIX HaCbInbIO pJIA!lM' TaGJllILta 185 EaRKH )l(eCTHHble N2 1, lI1T Ba3CJllIH TeXHlI'ICcKJIfi, Kr JlIl(HKYI H3 roq,pHpoBaIIHOrO KapToHa. lI1T ncpraMeHT, Kr HJlH IIo}J;llepraMeHT, Kr 1IJI1I GYMara oGepTO'IHaJ1, Kr EYMara 3T11I<CTO'IHaJ1 (nnOTHOCTb 70 r/M 2 ). M 2 KaHllIjJOJlb COCHOBaJ1, Kr npHITOn. Kr AMMOHlIti xnopllCTbIfi TexHlI'IecKJIfi, Kr (Hal!18TbIpb) IIJlII cnHpT 3THJlOBbin r1lAPOJl1l3Hbln. n JIeHT8 KnCCBa5I, lI1HpHllOtI-I00 MM, Kr IIJIH 6YMara-<>cHoBa I1JI5I KJleCBoti nCHTbI, Kr ,llHcncpclUI nOnllBlIHllJlaUeT8THa5I, Kr 183 8,0 183 12,8 10,7 14,0 2,2 0,3 4,3 0.15 1,5 3,2 2,2 1,3 HOpMbl pacxop;a ynaKOBO'llibIX 1:1 BcnOMoraTenbHbIX MaTCpl:laJ10B np" ynaKoBKc cyxapcH B MeIllK" 6YMa)j(}lbIe MHOrOC1l0HHbIe (lIP" Macce cyxa- peH 10 Kf) np"Bep;eUbI B m61l. 185. HallMCHonaHIIC ynaKOBO'IHbIX II BcnO:\.10raTenbHblX l\taTepHanOB MClill<1I GYMa)l(HLIc MHOI'OCJlOHHLIC, lI1T fL'1CIIKa nOJII!3THneHOBaJI, mUUCBaJI TOJII1U!Hoii 0 1 MM MapKlI /I r.1: 2 " , II1naraT, 1<1' EYMara 3THI<CTOtmaH (nnolll0CTbIO 70 r/M') , M 2 322 Pacxog Ha OAHY TOHHY cyxapei 103 118,5 1.4 5,0 HopMbI P;aHbl lIP" MaCCe cyxapcH HeTIO: R3 MyKH IIllICHH'lHOH I, II copTa ......... "3 MYKH P)KaHOH 060HHOH . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11- 120 5,5 120 8,5 7,0 8,4 1,44 0,2 2,9 0,1 1,2 2,1 1,5 I,D 5,5 Kr 8,5 Kr. 323 
HopMbI pacxona ynaKOBO'IHbIX If BCrrOMOraTCnbHhlX MaTCpmmOB rrplf ynaKoBKc cyxapcH B 6aHKY N° 4 rrplfBCncHhl B Ta6n. 188. 5.4.2. CyxapH cJJ,06Hble muelJH'UlLle HaHMeHOB8Itue ynaKoBo'IHbIX U BcnOMorBTenbHbIX MaTepuanOB T a 6 JI 11 IIa 188 Cyxaplf cn06HbIe rrlllCHH'lHhlC rrpenCT<lBlliIlOT C060H 1f3ncmul Hlf3KOH Bna)!(1!OCTH, xpynKlfe, C rrplfRTHhlM BKYCOM H apoMaToM. I1x rrony'laIOT rrYTcM cyI1IKll nOMTcH cn06Horo XJIc6a, BhlIIC'ICHHOrO B BlfnC IInlfT pa3Hhlx pa3McpoB If q,OpMhl. Cyxaplf Cn06HblC rrllleHIf'IHhlC rOTOBRT 1f3 MYKIf rrlllCHH'IHOH BhlClllcro If rrcpBoro copTa rro fOCT 8494-73. TCXHonorH'lccKlfH npoccc rrpolf3BOnCTBa CyxaPCH Cn06HhLX IllllCHH'I- HhLX COCTOlfT 1f3 pRna nocnCnOBaTcnbHhLX OrrCpal(liH: rrplfroToBncHIDI TC- CTa, pa3ncnKH If q,opMOBaHIDI TCCTa B CyxaPHhlC IIJ1lfTbI IDIH )!(l"YThl, pac- CTOHKH, CMa3KH, BhmC'lKH, BbI,JJ;Cp:>KKH cyxapHhlX nJIHT, pe3KH liX Ha nOM- m, Cyn1K1f If mma)l(,1J;CHID! CyxaPCH. PCl.\cmypa nplfrOTOBnCHHR cyxapcH Cn06HhLX rrlllCHWlHbIX rrpCnYCMaTplf- BaCT cncnyroll\CC COOTHOlllCHlle ChlpbR rro MaCCC B Kr (Ta6n. 190). TccTo nnR cyxapcH Cn06HbLX IllllCIill'lHbIX rOTOBRT cnCnyroll\lfMH crro- c06aMM: OrrapHblM, Ha )!(MnKOH orrape, 6e30rrapHhlM If Ha KOHl.\CHTplfpOBaH- HOH MOnO'IHOKIfCnOH 3aKBaCKC (KMK3). PacxoJ:\ HB O.t\Hy TOHHy cyxapeii mneHU'lHbIX p>K8HbIX EaHKH )l(eCTHHble NQ 4, lI1T Ba3eJlllH TeXH1I1IecKJIfi, Kr ll(HKlII1011(aTbIC 1IJ111 ljJaIlepHble, lI1T nepraMCHT,Kr lIJIH IIo)J;!IepraMeHT; Kr lIJlI1 GYMara oGepTO'IHaJ1, Kr EYMara 3Tl1KeTO'IHa5I (IIJlOTHOCTbIO 70 r/M), M KaIIlIq,OJlb COCHOBaH, Kr npllIIOfi, Kr AMMOHID! XJlOpllCThIfi TeXHH'lecKJIfi (Hal!1aTblpb), Kr 1IJ111 CITlIpT 3Tl1J10BbltI rll,lJ;poml3HbIfi, n 286 9,4 105 13,2 11,0 23,0 3,43 0.4 4,7 0,23 1,8 200 6,0 67 8.9 7,4 15,0 2,4 0,3 3,2 0,16 1,5 npHI'OTOBneHHe TeCTa Ha ryCTOt1 onape HOpMbI naHhl rrplf Maccc cyxapcH Hcno: 1f3 MYKH IUllCHH'lHOH I, II COpTOB ............ 3,5 Kr 1f3 MYKH P)!(aHOH 060HHOH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5,5 Kr HauMeHoBBlIHe ynaKOBotJHhIX H BcnOMorBTenbHbIX MBTepHBnOB Ta6J1l1ua 189 Orrapy rOTOBJIT 1f3 39-60% MYKH OT 06ll\cro KOJIH'ICCTBa cc B TCCTC, npCCCOBaHHhLX, C)'llICHhLX lIPO)!()!(CH ID1ll npO)!()!(CBOrO MonOKa H BO}J;bI, Bna)!(1!OCTbIO 40-43%. TccTo 3aMClIlliBaIOT 1f3 Bccro KOJ1H'lCCTBa orraphl C n06aBnCHHCM MYKIf, BO}J;hl If nOrrOmmTCJ1bHOrO ChlphR, rrpenycMoTpeHHoro peCII1ypoH. ITpMroTOBncHHc orraphl If TCCTa MO)!(CT 6hITb nopWioHHoe ID1ll Herrpephm- HOC. HOpMhl pacxona ynaKOBO'lHb1X If BcrrOMOraTCJ1bHhIX MaTcpHanOB rrplf ynaKOBKC CyxaPCH apMCHCKlfX B rrOJIH3nmCHOBble rraKCTbI nplfBCnCHhl B Ta6n. 189. ITpli rropWioHHoM rrplITOTOBnemrn orraphl If TCCTa 3aMCC npOBo1J,HT B TCCTOMCCHJlbHOH MalllHHC A2-XTB If np. B TC'ICHHC 10-15 MHH no rrony'lc- HID! OWIOPOp;HOH MaCChI. fOToBHoC'fb orraphl If TCCTa orrpenelliIlOT rro KHCnOTHOCm, rrpcnycMoTpcH- HOH TCXHOnOrn'leCKHM PC)!(MMOM, If YBC1lWICHHIO 06'bCMa B 1,5-2 p8.3a. ITpH 3aMCCC TCCTa B Bh16po)!(CIIHyro orrapy BROCRT norronHHTcnhHoe CbIphC no pCl.\CrrTYpc, TIl.\aTCJIbHO ncpcMclllliBaIOT, IIocnc qero n03lfpyroT MYKY H Bony If nponOJ1)!(aIOT 3aMCC TeCTa no rronyqcHHR O)J,HOpOnHOH MaCChI. PacxoJ:\ HB o.t\Hy TOHHY cyxBpei1 p>KaHbIX mneHH'lHhIX ll(HKII1I3 roljJpllpOBaIIHOrO i<aPTOHa C BKna)J;l>IIll3Ml1, lI1T nOJlH3TlIJleHOBa5I nneHKa IIlIll(eBa5I, TOJlII.1.I1II0fi 0,10 MM, MapKll H, M MelI1KlI GYMaJKHI,Ie MlIorOCJlOilHble, lI1T neHTa KJlCCBaJ1llI11pllHOI! 100 MM, Kr 1IJU1 6YMara-<>CHoBa I1J151 KJleeBoti JleHTbI, Kr )1lIcnepclI5I nOnHBHHlIJiaUCT3THaJ1, Kr EYMara 3TlIKeTO'IHaH (IIJlOTHOCTbIO 70 r/M) , M 125 167 247,5 268,0 65 85 9,0 13.0 7,2 10,6 1,8 2,4 3,75 6,01 IT P If M C 'I a H If C. HopMbI naHhl rrplf Maccc cyxapcH B Op;HOM rraKCTe 1f3 MYKH P)!(aHOH 060HHoH - 4,0 Kr, 1f3 M)'KIf rrlllCHH'lHOH I copTa - 3,0 Kr. 324 325 
Ta6nllua 190 Pel\emypa (Ha 100 KI' MfKH) cyxapcA CAo6HbIX nmeHH'lHb1X MYKa ,I:{pO>K Conh Caxa p- Macno Map- JUno nme- >KH nona- HhIB eJIH- ra- KypH- HaHMeIIOBaHHe HII'lHajJ xne- peH- necoK BOq. plDI Hoe, eyxapeH xne60- 6one- HIDI B TeCTO Hoe CTO.. UlT /= neKap- Kap- nHID.e- (Ha OT. Heeo- no- H81I, Hhle B81I, p,en- neHO Bbl", Kr npec- Kr KY), Kr Kr COBaH Kr Hhle, Kr Macno Maenc MIIH- Mono- Mae no ClUfpT Mono- no- 113IOM MaK Opex nop,- rop- BaWl- p, IIJIh KO KG nH- ::JT1fJIO- BHA- eon- 'lHQ- JIHH Ha l\eJIh- MOH- BbIH pCK- l\eJIh- no Heq- Hoe OTp,en Hoe ery Hoe, TH4>HKO- HOC Pi6noQ- Hoe pa- KY lI\emIOe n B3H- Hoe 4>HHH- C eaxa- mdi. n pOB8II- pOM Hoe Ib nmCHH'lHOH MyKH CJlHBO'lHbIe 100,0 2,0 1,0 20,0 15,0 80/3,2 BaHlIJIbHbIC 100,0 2,5 1,0 22,0 16,0 100/4,0 J1IoGlITCJlbCKlIC 100,0 2,5 1,0 22,0 16,0 100/4,0 )lcTcKlIe 100,0 2.0 1,0 15,0 2,0 50/2,0 OpCXOBbIC 100,0 3,0 1,0 25,0 15,0 300/12,0* C IDIOMOM 100,0 2,0 1,0 17/18 15,0 100/4,0 OceHHlIC 100,0 2,0 1,0 17/18 15,0 100/4,0 IIIKOJIb!ible 100,0 2.0 1,0 20,0 50/2,0 C MaKOM 100,0 3,0 1,0 25,0 15,0 100/4,0 J1lIMoHHble 100,0 2,0 1,0 15,0 10,0 100/4,0 rOp'IH'IHbIC 100,0 2,5 1,0 15,0 100/4,0 MOnO'!HbIC 100,0 3,0 1,0 15,0 10,0 100/4,0 KliC B CKlIC 100,0 3,0 1,0 18,0 5,0 80/3,2 YKpalDIcKlIe 100,0 3,0 1,0 20,0 10,0 80/3,2 10611J1enHbIC 100,0 4,0 1,0 30,0 12,0 100/4,0 o coGble 100,0 2,0 1,8 3,0 80/3,2 H3 nmCHH'lHOH MyKH nllOHcpcKlIe 100,0 1,0 1,0 13,0 5,0 50/2,0 Koq,cnHble 100,0 1,0 1,2 13,0 5,0 50/2,0 EapHaynbCKlIe 100,0 1,0 1,0 10,0 10,0 50/2,0 MOCKOBCKHC 100,0 1,0 1,0 13,0 5,0 50/2,0 TypllCTll'ICCKlIC 100,0 3,0 2,0 5,0 14,0 50/2,0 10 GHnellHbIC 100,0 1,0 1,0 10,0 5,0 50/2,0 PH3aHCKlIe 100,0 2,5 I,D 10,0 15,0 )lopO)I(Hble 100,0 1,0 1,0 5,0 50/2,0 *B TOM 'IHcnc 200/8,0 B TeCTO. 326 BbICilicro copTa 0,037 2,0 20,0 20,0 15,0 0,2 0,2 10,0 10,0 15,0 3,0 15,0 20,0 10,0 I COpT8 10,0 5,0 5,0 327 
fIpJ.! 3aMCCe ICCTa n03J.!pYIOI onapy, CaXapHO-COneBOM paCTBOp llnJ.l CYXOM caxap, COneBOH paCTBOp, paCIOnnCHHbIM )!<J.IP, Bony J.I np. CbIpbC J.I 3aMeIllJ.lBaIOT TCCTO no nony'IemUl OnHOpOnHOM MaCCbI, KOIopoe HarHCTa- TenCM nOnaCICH B 6YHKep IDIll BOPOHKY <pOpMOBO'lliOM MaIllJ.IHbI. Pel.\enrypa J.I napaMeIpbI TeXHOnOrJ.l'IeCKOrO npol.\ecca HcnpepbIBHoro npJ.lrOTOBnCHllH TeCTa npenCTaRnCHbI B Ta6n. 192. PCI.\CnTypa J.I napaMeTpbI TCXHOnOrJ.l'IeCKOrO npol.\ccca nOpl.\llOIDlOrO npllrOTOBnCHJ.lH TeCTa npenCTaBneHbI B Ta6n. 191. PCI\enrypa H pe1KllM nopUHOHHoro npHrOTOBJlCHlIH onapbI H TeCTa Ta6J1111U 191 HaHMeHOBaHue CbIpbH, nony.pa6pHKaToB Ii nOKa3aTeneH npouecca PaCXOn CbIpbJI , napaMeTpbI no CTII,I1,HIlM TeXHOnOrll'Jec- Koro npouecca TeCTO Peucnrypa H pe1KllM HcnpepbIBHoro npHrOTOBJICHIIH onapbl H TeCTa Ta6J1Hua 192 onapa MYKa mnellWIHaH, xneGolIeKapHaH BblCUlero HJJH I copTa, Kr HaHMeHonaHHe CbIpbJI, nony.pa6puKaTon u nOKa3aTcneH npouecca J],pO)l()I(ll npeCCOBaIIHbIe, Kr Conb nOBapCHHa5I nHIUCBaH, Kr BOlla, Kr J].onOJIHlITC1IbHOe CbIpbe, Kr Onapa, Kr BJla)I(H OCTb, %: IJ,OpO)I(HbIX MOCKOBCKI1X, KoljJcilHblx, 6apnaYJlbCKlIX, TyPHCTII- cKlIX,nlloHcpcKlIX CJlUBO'IHbIX, BaIlHJJbHbIX, rOp'IH'IHbIX, nllMoHHbIX, rno6l1TCJlbCKlIX, IOGlIJlcfiHbIX, opexoBblx l1eTCKIIX MOJlO'IHbIX, C 1I3IOMOM, C MaKOM, OCeHHIIX IllKOJlbHbIX, KlICBCKYlX, YKpaHHCKYlX npO]:\OJl)l(lITeJlbHOCTb 3aMcca, MlIH TCMIIepaTypa Ha1laJillia5I, 0 C npOIJ,OJDKlITCJlbllOCTb 6po)l(eHlIjJ, MlIIi* KHCJlOTIIOCTb KOHC'IHa5I npll npnroToBnenIDI 1I31J,enllit 113 MYKlI,rpaA: B bIClI1CrO copTa I cOpTa 50-60 1-2 21-25 40-43 5-10 26-30 180-300 2,5-3,5 3,0-4,5 50-40 no peucliType, OCTaDlI1ee CII KOJlll'lCCTBO MYKa nillCHlI'lIIa5I XJle601IeKapHa5I, Kr: B blCillcro copTa ncpDoro capTa J].P0)l()lQ[ npecconaHHblC, Kr COJIb nOBapeHHa5I IIHIUenaH, 1(1' no peuelITypc 110 pac1IeTy no peuelIType 72-87 Bop;a,Kr 37-39 33-36 J].OIIOJlHlITCJlbHOe Cblpbe, Kr Ollapa, Kr 29,5-33,0 npOAOJl)l(lITeIIbHOCTb 3aMCCa, MIIH BJla)l(1!OCTb, % TeMlIcpaTypa Ha1laJlbHa5l, 0 C n pOAOJl)l(IITeJIbHOCTb UpO)l(CHillI, MlIH KHCJJOTIIOCTb KOHe'IHaJ1, rpap; 34-35 30-35 32-34 10-15 27-31 60-120 *OpIlCHTllpOB01l1laJ! BJla)I(l!OCTb TeCTa IIpeP:CTanJlena B TaOJl. 191. PacXOn CblpbH H napaMeTpbI no CT8,!J,HHM TCXHonorntJeCKoro npOllecca onapa TeCTO 39-45 61-55 1,5 -2,5 45-50 1,0-2,0 55-50 0,5-1,5 110 PCIlCII- Type IIO pac- 1IeTy 110 pcuen- Type 56,5- 66,5 8-10 * 16-19 18,5- .20,5 no pcuen- Type no pac- 'ICTY 110 pcuelI- Type 64,5- 72,5 8-10 * 8-10 40-43 27-30 210-300 2,5 -4,0 8-10 40-43 27-30 240-300 3,0-5,0 32-35 15-35 2,0-3,0 32-35 15 -40 2,5 -4,0 2,0-3,0 2,5-4,0 npHT'OTOBneHHe TeCTa Ha >KH.IJ:KOH onape }!{nnKYIO onapy rOTOBHT B MalllHHC X3-2M-300 J.I np. CMCCJ.lTemr){ OnHO- BpCMCHHO Ha HCCKonbKO nOpl.\llM TeCTa J.l3 'IaCTJ.I MYKJ1, npCCCOBaHHbIX npO>K- >KeM J.I BOp;bI Bna>KHOCTbIO 64-65%. IIpogomKIfTenbHocTb pacxona OnHOM nopl.\llJ.l >KHnKOM onapbI nomKHa 6bITb HC Gonce 60 MHH. B MaIllliHY A2-XTE, 11I2-XT2-H J.I np. n03J.1pYIOT >KHnKyIO onapy, no- nOnHJ.lTenbHOC CbIpbe, BOny, npO)!Of(J.l, BCC Tll\aTCnbHO ncpCMeIllliBalOI, nocnc 'Icro BHOCHT OCTaBIlleeCH KOnJ.l'ICCTBO M}"KJ1 J.I 3aMCIlIlfBaIOT ICCTO go nony- 'IClillH OnHOpOgHOM MaCCbI. PCI.\CI1rypa J.I napaMeTpbI TCXHOnOrJ.l'IeCKOrO npol.\ecca npJ.lrOTOBnCHHH TeCTa Ha >KHnKOM onapc npJ.lBegeHbI B Ta6n. 193. *PeKOMCHAyeTCli np01l3BOAlITb OGMlIHKY TeCTa 3a 25-30 MlIH 11.0 cra pa3l1cJlKlI. fIp8 HcnpepbIBHoM npnroToBncmm onapbI If TCCTa 8cnonb3YIOT arpera. TbI H8-XT A-6, XTP 8 np. 3aMec onapbI 8 TCCTa np083BonHT B MaIllHHe HenpepbIBHoro neMCT- BIDI X-26 (H8-XTA-12j1, A2-XTT) 8 np. CbIpbe g038p}'lOT 83 paC'IeTa MHHYT- HOrO paCXona. fIep80n 3arpY3K8 BCCX ceKIUill 6yHKcpa onapOH paReH npo- gon>KlfTenbHocrn 6pO>KeHHH onapbI B COOTBeTCTBIlli C YCTaHOBneHHbIM TeXHO- nOr8'ICCKJ1M peMOM. 328 329 
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TeMIIepaTypa COAoBoI'o paCTBopa Aon)J(J{a nO,lJJJ;cp)!G!BaThcJI B npcAcnax 70-90° C. I1pH Hcc06moAemiH TCMncpaTypHoI'o pC)l(HMa 06BapKH )!(I'yrbI TCCTa MoI'yr npWIHnaTh K ceTKC TpaHcnopTepa wm cnyTbIBaThCJI Me)KJ:\y C060M. 06BapKa TCCTOBbIX )!(I'yrOB npOHCXonHT BO BpeMJI ABH)j(CIlliJI TpaHCnOp- Tcpa H AJUITCJI npuMcpHO 26-50 c, nocne '1cI'o OHM nOCTynaJOT Ha neH- TO'IHbIH non KOHBCMCpHOH nc'lli. I1pH BbIpa60TKC COnOMKH coneHOM ncpcA BbmC'IKOM ce nOCbmaJOT conblO. BbmCI/Ka. I1poAOn)I(HTenbHOCTh Bbme'lKH conOMKH 9-15 MHH npH TeMIIepaType neKapHoii KaMepbI 180-230° C. I1pH BbIXOAC H3 nC'IH conOM- Ka nOMaCTCJI MCXaJU1'ICCKHM HaApC3'lliKOM HlIH Ha cI'H6c nona no umpHHe nnoIltaAH. YKJIaAbIBaJOT conoMKy B Kopo6KH HlIH na'lKH, YCTaHoBncHHbIc Ha ABH)f(}'IltCMCH TpaHCnOpTcpc. )J,nJI 60nee 6bIcTpoI'o OCTbIBaHHJI conOMKH HaA TpaHCnOpTcpoM YCTa- HaBmrnaCTCJI BCHTHJIJITOp. llano'lKH xne6HbIe TaGnllua 201 PeeITIypbl H pe)l(l!MbI npHI'OTOBneHHJI TecTa AJlII nanO'leK P acxoA CbIphJl H ItapaMeTpbI ItpOv;ecca 1J,JI1I IUlJIOqeK HBHMeHOBaHHe ChIphJl xne6- xne6- cAo6- ape- npOCJIaBCKHX H ItOKB3aTeneH npoIJ;ecca HbIX HbIX HbIX MaT- C HhIX ItpOC- cone- TMHHO TbIX HbIX MYKa ItlI1eHWlHaJ1 xne60ne- 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 l{apHaJ1 BbIClI1erO capTa, Kr MYKa mneHI!'IHa5I xne60ne- 100,0 100,0 100,0 KapHaR nepBoro COpTa, Kr ):J:P0)lOKH npeCCOBaIUIhIC xne- 5,5 6,0 6,0 6,0 5,0 6,0 5,0 60nCKapHbIe, Kr COJIb ItOBapCHHaJ1 nllIIIeBa5I, Kr: B TeCTO 1,5 1,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 1,0 2,0 Ha OT)1CJlKY 4,0 Bo p,a, I{r no paC1IeTY Caxap-necoK, Kr 1,0 2,0 18,0 7,0 2,0 7,0 2,0 MaprapllH CTOJlOBbIil C col1ep- 2,5 6,0 4,0 4,0 4,0 )l(aI!lICM )!(lIpa 82%, Kr Macno )I(l!Bomoc, 1<1' 4,0 MaCJlO paCTHTCm.HOe, Kr 2,5 2,5 4,0 2,0 IlaToKa KpaXMaJlliHaJ1, Kr 1,0 MaK Ha OT)1enKY, Kr 2,0 TMlIH,Kr 1,5 BaII}IJllIlI, Kr 0,02 0,02 3ccei!UHH WITpYCOBaJ1, I{r 0,5 Tel\1!Icparypa Ha1laIIhlIaJ1, 0 C 24-30 24-30 24-30 24-30 24-30 24-30 24-30 npOp;OJ1)1(l!TCIIhlIOCTb OTJle)l(- 10-20 10-20 15-25 15-25 15-25 15-25 15-25 1{1I TeCTa, MlIH KIIcnoTIIOCTh KOHC'IHa5I TeCTa, 2,5 2,5 2,5 3,0 2,5 2,5 3,0 He 60Jlee, rpap; I1anO'IKH xnC6HbIC BbIpa6aTbIBaJOT no OCT 18422-84 H3 nIllCHH'lHOH MYKH BbICIllCI'O H ncpBoI'o COpTOB. Xnc6HbIe nanO'IKH npCACTaBJlJIJOT C060M cyxHc H3Acm!JI B BHAC nano- 'ICK, npHI'oToBncHHbIx H3 Ap0)!Q/(cBoI'o TCCTa Ha cnCIUianbHbIX McxaHH3Hpo- BaHHbIX nHHMIIX MapKH ,,Polin" HAp. XnC6HbIC nanO'IKH BbmycKaJoT BCCOBbIMH H <paCOBaHHbIMH Maccoii 0,25, 0,3, 0,4 H 0,5 KI' cncAYlOiltHX HaHMCHOBaHHM: xnc6HbIC, xnc6HbIC C TMMHOM, cA06HbIe, apoMaTHbIc, HpocnaBcKHc npocTbIC, JIpOCnaBCKHC concHbIc, HpocnaBcKHc cA06HbIe (Ta6n. 201). )J,nJI nanO'ICK xnc, 6HbIX xnc6HbIX C TMHHOM, JIpOCnaBcKHx npocTbIX, JIpocnaBcKHx Cn06HbIx H HpOCnaBCKHX conCHbIX TCCTO peKOMeH,n,yeTcH I'OTOBHTh Ha ApO)!Q/(CBOM MonOKC HlIH npCCCOBaHHbIX Ap0)!Q/(ax 6C3 CT<iAHH 6pO)j(CHlliI . )J,nJI nanO'IeK CA06HbIX H apoMaTHbIx TCCTO PCKOMCHAYCTCJI I'OTOBHTb 6c30napHbIM cnoc060M Ha npe,lJ;BapHTcnbHo aKTHBl!POBaHHbIX npCCCOBaH- HbIX AP0)K)Kax. )J,nJI nanO'ICK xnC6HbIX, xnc6HbIX C TMHHOM, J'lpocrr aBCKHX npocT cA06mIX H coneHbIX 3aMeC TeCTa npoIl3BO)J.1lT B TecT oMecHJThHo ii MaIIIHHe- TM-63 11 Ap. ,lJ,mI nplITOTOBneHHJI TeCTa CHa1Jana TIltaTenbHO nepCMCIllHBaJOT BO.n;y, APOJiOKH, npC,lJ;BapIlTCJThHO pa3BeneHHbIe B BOne, pacrnopbI caxapa H COJIH, paCTlUCJIbHOe Macrro xl Apyroe CblpbC, 3aTeM nOCTcneHHO 3aCbill3lOT M)'KY. 3aMec npOll3BOAHT AO nony'leHIDI XOPOWO npoMeweHHOH OAHOPOA- HOM MaCCbl. 3aMewemwe TCCTO HanpaBnJ'nOT Ha oTney, 3aTeM nponYCKaJOT 'lepe3 HaTHpo'IHyro MaUlliHy H4M HAp. Pa3p,enKY TCCTa npoH3BO)J.1lT Ha CneIUiaJlbHOll <popMYIDIl1ei'l Mauume XeDE. C<pOpMOBaHHbJC TCCTOBbIC 3arOTOB1OI Ha JIHCTaX nOCTyIIaJOT Ha pac- cTOiiKy. 340 341 
TIpOJJ:omKHTCnbHOCTb paCCTOllKH npH TCMncpaTypc 30-40 0 C H OUIO- CHTClIbHOH BlIIDKHOCTH 80-90% jJ,1IH narrO'lCK XJIC6HbIX H XJIC6HbiX C TMII- HOM - 35-60 MIIH, jJ,1IH HpOClIaBCKHX - 25-30 MIIH. .flpoClIaBCKHC ITa- no'lKH JJ:onycKacTcH BbmeKaTb 6C3 pacCTollKH. JJ.nH narrO'lCK CJJ:06HbIX H apoMaTHbIX 3aMCC TCCTa npoH3BoJJ:RT B TCCTO- MCCHlIbHbIX MarnHHax TMM-120 Ii JJ:p. TIonO)!(CillIOC no pcu;cnTYpc CbIpbC (KpOMC M}'K1i Ii JJ:pO)!()!(cii:) 3arpy- )!(aIOT B MallIHHY, 11l\aTClIbHO ncpcMellillBaIOT C BOJJ:OH, 3aTCM BHOCHT aKTH- BlipoBaHHbIc JJ:P0)!()!(}l H npH ncpeMeUIlIBaHID! 3aCbmaIOT MYKy. TIocnc 3aMeCa TeCTO HanpaBnHIOT Ha 6pO)!(Cffirc. TIpOJJ:OJIJKHTCnbHOcTb 6po)!(CHlliI jJ,1IH narrO'lCK CJJ:06HbIX - 90-120 MHH, apOMaTHbIX - 60-70 MIDI. Bbl6po)!(CillIOe TeCTO OTJJ:enbHbIMH nOpLUiHMH nponYCKaIOT '1CpC3 Ha- TlipOtIHyIO Maurn:HY H-4M Ii JJ:p. H nocnc OTJIC)!(KH B BI1JJ:C nnaCTOB HarrpaB- nHIOT Ha pa3JJ:cnKY Ha <}JOpM)'lOlI.\YlO Maurn:llY. Bbmc'lKY rrarrO'lf<K npoH3BOJJ:HT Ha IDlCTax B nC'Iax TII1K-8 H JJ:p. C npe,n:- BapHTcnbHOH OlIInapKOH TCCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK B TC'IeHllC 2-3 MIIH m1H 6C3 oIillIapKll. 0 TIpoJJ:on)!(}ITCnbHOCTb Bbme'IKH rrpH TCMrrcpaTYpc 200-240 C: rrarrO'lCK XJIe6HbIX, XJIC6HbIX C TMHHOM .... 9-13 MHH; CJJ:06HbIX, apoMaUIblx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8-10 lvIHH; HpOCnaBCKHX npocTblX, CJJ:06HbIX, conCHbIX ..8-12 Ml1H. TIpOH3BOJJ:CTBO KBaca cyxoro XJIC6HOro COCTOHT H3 cncJJ:YlOlI.\llX CTa- IJ,Hi1: : npHrOTOBlICffirC KBaCHoro XJIc6a; npl1rOTOBncHHc cyxapHoH KpolIIKll; rrpl1rOTOBncmrc cyxoro XJIC6HOrO KBaca. TIplll"OTOBnCHlic KBaClwro XJIc6a. KBacHoH XJIc6 Bblpa6an,maCTCJI H3 MYKl1 P)!(illIOH 060ifHoH, <}JCpMCHTHpOBaH1IOrO H liC<}JcpMcHmpOBaInroro conoJJ:a Ha TCXHOnOrl1'1eCKl1X J1HffiUIX AmI npoH3BOJJ:crna P)l(aHbIX H p)l(aHO- rnucHH'IHbIX <}JOpMOBbIX COpTOB XJIc6a. TIplll"OTOBnCHHe TCCTa OCYlI.\CCTBlIHCTCH Ha rYCTbIX 3aKBaCKax C JJ:06aB- nCHHeM 3aBapKll (Ta6n. 203). Ta 6J1 If u;a 203 PeU;CIII)'pa H peJKHM:b1 npHroTonnCIIHJI TeCTa !la rYCThIX 3aKnaCK8X HOHMeHOBllHHe CbIpbJI, nony.p.a6pllKsro II nOKll30TeneH npOIJ;eCca PacxOA CbIphJI R nOpaMerphI no CT8,!:\HJIM TeCTO 19,0 10,0 49,9 12,4 2,7 1,5 75,1 43,0 25,0 13,0 60,0 no pac- 'ieI)' 26-28 65 -68 28-30 210-240 40-90 120-240 12-15 11-14 48-50 74-76 48,5- 50,5 CYXOR XHEEHbIR KBAC MYKa p)l(aJIa5I 060tlHaJ1, Kr Conog q,CpMCHTHpODaHHbtlI, Kr COJlog JIecpcpMcHTlfpOBaIlHbIil, Kr CoJlb, Kr 3anapKa, Kr 3aKnaC!<a, Kr MYKa B 3aKBaCKC Ha TeCTO, Kr Boga,Kr CYXOM XJIC6Hbrn KBac - nony<}Ja6pl1KaT, npeJJ:Ha3Ha'lCHHbrn jJ,1IH npo. MbIllUICfllioro 11 JJ:OMaIllHCrO npl1rOTOBncmrH KBaca HaCTOHHblM cnoco60M, npeJJ:CTaBnHCT C060H CMCCb KpolIIKH cnCLUiarrbHO BbmC'ICHHOrO XJIe6a Ii conoJJ:a (Ta6n. 202). T a 6 n H U a 202 TCMIIepaTYpa Ha1laJIbIIaJI, 0 C npogon)!(llTCJJbHOCTb, MlIH: 6pO)l(CHlUI o caxapl!BaIllliI KHCJlOTIIOCTb KOHe'IHaJ1! rpag BnaxQ/oCTb, %, HC Goncc Peu;enIYpa Ha 1 T cyxoro xne6Horo Knaca HallMeHCBOHlIe ChlphJI Bcero KBOCHO- cyxoro ro xne6a KBaca 824 824 289 120 169 52 26 26 15 15 1426 827 I1ToJ'Q 1180 985 1426 1022 TIplll"OTOBnCmrc rYCTOH 3aKBaCKH no pa3Bogo'IHOMY H npoH3BoJJ:crncH- HOMY LUiKJIaM oCYlI.\ccrnrurcTcH cornaCHO HHCTpYKWfH, npHBcgcHHOH B pa3gcnc 3. _ 3aBapKY rOTOBHT B 3aBapo'lHbIX MalIIHHax (X3-2M-300, X3-2M-600 H lq>.). TIpl1 npHTOTOBnCmrn 3aBapKH MyKY CMCurn:BaIDT C <}JCpMCHTHpOBaH- HbIM conOJJ:OM H 3aBapHBaIOT rOpH'ICH BOgoH IDIH CMCCbIO BOADI H MOnO'IHOH CbffiOpOTKII (85-90 0 C). HC<}JCpMCHTHpoBaHHbrii: conoJJ: BHOCHTCH B KOH- nc nponccca 3aBapHBaHHJI npH reMncpaTypc 63-65 0 C. .D.nH ocaxapHBaHIDI 3aBapKH pCKOMCHrot'IOT npHMCIUITh <}JCpMCHUIbIC npcnapaThI: AMHnOpH3HH TIlOx B KOJIH'ICcrnc 0,01-0,02% K Maccc M}'KH H conoJJ:a; fJIIOKOaMIDIa3Y O'lHlltCliHyIO - 0,01%. TIpH JTOM B3aMCH HC<}JCP- MCHTHpoBaHlwro conoJJ:a BHOCHT MYKY P)!(illIYIO o60iiHyIO. B TOM 1IRCne II:! npnI'OTOBne- lIne MYKa P)l(31IaJ1 oGotinaH, Kr COHOA q,epMeHTMpOBaHHbIR, Kr Conog Heq,epMe!!TlfpOBaHHbIn. Kr COJlb,Kr XJlc6 KBacHoH, KI' CyxapHa5! KpoIllKa, Kr 342 343 
cI>epMeHTHbIe npenapaTbI BBOnHTCH B 3aBapKY B mme cycneH3llll B BOne IiJllI B MOn01JHOll CbillopOTKe npll TeMrrepaTYpe: 60_63° C - rmOKO- aMHna3a O'lliII.\eHHaH, 50-55° C - AMHnOpll3HH TIlOx. TIpll llcnonb30BaHHH rmoKOaMlilla3bI P,JUI 3aBaplffiaJiliH rvryKfI II conona Hc06xojJ,HMO n06aBlIHTb MOlIO'lHy1O CbIBOPOTKY B3aMeH BOAbI. TIp o n OlI )IG{TCnbHOCTb oCaXaplffiaHHH 3aBapKll COCTaBnHeT - 2-4 IJ. Oxna)l(,1I;eHHaH no TeM1lCpaTypbI 30-32° C 3aBapKa, 3aKBaCKa, MYKa, COlICBOM paCTBOp, BOna A03llpyroTCH B TeCTOMCClUIbHYIO MalilllHy. ,I::/,Jm- TClIbHOCTb 3aMeca TeCTa - 8-10 MilH, 6pO)f(eHIUI - 40-90 MllH. PaccToMKU TCCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK II Bbme1JKa xne6a npoll3BojJ,HTCH B paccTollUO-nC'lHbIX arpcraTax TI6-XPH, TI6-XPM, XTIA-40 II Ap. TIp o n OlI )IG{TenbHOcTb II TCMnepaTypa paCCTOllKJ:! II BbmC1JKlI xlIc6a 3aBllCHT OT MaCCbI TCCTOBOll 3arOTOBKJ:!, MapKllll KOHCTpYKwrn ne'lli. TIo Ka1JeCTBY xne6 KBaCHOll nOlI)f(CH COOTBCTCTBOBaTb Tpc60BaHllHM OCT 18-365-80. Bna)!(HocTb onpencmIIOT no rOCT 21094-75, KllClIOT- HOCTb no rOCT 5670-51. Pa3nen 6 XP AHEHME rOTOBbIX H3,UEflHH Cnoco6bI xpaHeHIDI H peamf3au;nu xne606ynolffibIX H3p;emdt TIp o n OlI )IG{TenbHOCTb OCTbillaHHH II BbI,D:ep)f(Kll xlIc6a nOClIC Bbme1JKH YCTaHaBmrnalOT Ha Ka)l(,1I;OM npennplUlTHH B 3aBHCHMocrn OT YClIOBllll npo- ll3BOnCTBa II BpeMeHlI rona, OHa COCTaBlIHCT oplleHTHpOB01JHO 24-48 1J. TIpHrOTOBlICHHC KpOIlIKH cyxapHoll. Xnc6 nOClIC BbI,D:CP)KKH pa3pc- 3aIOT Ha xnC60pC3KC Ha nOMrn, KOTOpbIC YKJIaAbIBaIOT B KaCCCTbI wm Ha filCTbI II nOMCII.\aIOT B CytillilIbH}'1O KaMcpy HlIll xne60ncKapHYIO ne%. TIpo- p;OmKIfTClIbHOCTb II TCMTIeparyPY CYIlII<ll nOMTcll xne6a IIa Ka)l(,1I;OM npen- nplUlTHH YCTaHaBnHBalOT B 3aBllCllMocrn OT KOHCTpYKwrn cyunInbHbIx YCrpOllCTB. TIponomKilTelIbHOCTb cyrnKll opllcHrnpOBOIJHO 20 IJ npH TCM- ncparype 100°C. CyxapHYIO KpoIlIKY nonyqalOT npo6ncHHeM llll3MelIblJeHHCM. TIpllrDTOBneHHc cyxoro xne6Horo KBaca. CyxapHYIO KPOIlIKY CMCllIll- BalOT C conOnOM B COOTHOIlICHHHX, YKa3aHHbIx B Ta6n. 202. II pac<tJaCOBbIBa- lOT B MCIlII<H lUIll naKCTbI. YKJIa.nKa rOTOBOll npop;yKWlli nocnc BbIXOna ee ll3 nc'fiI II XpaHCHHe H3nefilll no ornYCKa HX B ToprOBYIO CCTb JIBnHIOTCH O)J;HOll ll3 nocncjJ;HHX CTajJ,Hll B nponeccc npoll3BonCTBa xne6a H oCYII.\CCTBnHIOTCH B xne60xpaHH- JlHI.Uax npennpllHTHll. Xne60XpaHHfilII.\e non)!(HO 6b1Tb cHa6)f(eHO eCTCCTBCHHbIM OCBeII.\e- HHCM. .1J.nR nOrlIOII.\eHHH ll36b1TKa BnarH 3HMOll II ll36bITKa Tcnna lICTOM npenYCMaTpHBaCTCH npHTO'lHO-BbITH)!(HaH BCHTll11HIUiH C TpeXKpaTIlblM 06MCHOM B03P;Yxa B Te1JCHHe 1 IJ. Xnc60xpaHllJlliII.\c non)!(HO 6bITb 'fiIC- TbIM, B HeM Hcnb3H XpaHHTb npyrilc nponYKTbI Hfil MaTCpmlJIbI. B xnc60xpaJlillllilllC OCYII.\CCTBJIHCTCH YIJCT BbIpa60TaHHOM nponyx- wrn, cc COpTHpoBKa H opraHonCnTIf'lCCKaH OneHKa. TIc pen noc1)'IIncHHeM xne606ynO'lHbIX ll3ncnllii B xne60xpaJrnJIHII.\e H ncpen ornYCKOM nponyx- wrn B ToprOByro CCTb Ka)I(,1I;aH naprnH nO,lJ;BepraeTCH o6H3aTcnbHOMY npo- CMOTpy 6paKcpoM HlIll JlIf.l.\OM, ynonHOMOIJCHHbIM 8AMHHHCTpaLUiCll. EpaKCpa)f( JIBnHeTCR 06R3aTeJIbHbIM jJ,JIH BCCX xnc60ncKapHbIX npen- nplUlrnll, BbIpa6aTbIBaI0llU1X xnc6, 6ynO'IHbIC, 6apaHOlJHbIC H npyrnc xnc6- HbIe ll3nClIlUI. TIpaBlUIa YKJIaJJ.KH, x paHCHHR II TpaHCITOprnpOBaHllil xnc6HblX ll3ne. filll onpencnRIOICH rOCT 8227-56. 113neJllfR nOClIC BbrnC1JKH YKJIa,Il,bIBalOI B nepeBRHHbIe nOIKH, pa3MepbJ KOTOpbIX onpCneneHbI rOCT 11354-82 ".HIuHKH nOII.\aTbIC 11 <tJaHCpHbIe MHor0060poTIlbIC jJ,JIR nponOBOlIbCIBCHHbIX IOBapoB". ,nonycKacTcR TaK)!(e YKJIa.r:u<a ll3nemm B nOTKH H3 nOJllfMCpHbIX MaIepHaJIOB. .ll.rrR YKJI8AKH xnc6a npH KOHTellHepHoll TpaHCnoprnpoBKc B03MO)f(- HO npllMeHeHJie MCIaJIJlIf1JeCKHX nOTKOB MaplGl A2 XMX/32. CnenYCI HMCTb B BMY, 'ITO np}1 CJlIfIlII<OM MOIHOR YX1Ia)J;Ke H3p;cmrn B 1IOTlGl OHH nc<tJOpMHpyroTCH. Y <tJopMoBoro xnc6a H3 p:)I(:moll M)'Kll IIpIi C1IHIllKOM nnOTIIOll YKnap;- KC MO)f(eT nORBHTbCH 3aKaJI H OICmlliBaHIiC BCpXHCM KOpKH. nOIKH C xnc- 60M nOMeII.\alOr Ha ncpep;BmKIIblc BarOHCrlGl, B KOIITcfuIcpbl wnl B IlIra6cJIH no HccKonbKY 1IOrKOB (10-12) no Bblcorc Ha Cn.CIUiaJIbHbIC nO)J,!J;OHbl. TIonyqeHHbIC IlIra6emi nepeBo3RI npH nOMOllU1 rene)f(eK lUIH :meKIponor- PY3'illKOB. 344 345 
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P a 3 11. e J'] 7. METPOJIOn1lffiCKOE OEECnEllEHHE IIP0I13BOJJ.CTBA XTIEEA 11 XTIEEOEyn01lH1IX 113JJ.EnHA npOOOIl:JlCCHUe Ta611. 206 CTaAllH TeXHO- norH'leCI<oro HaHMeHOBIlHHe npeneJIbI HHTepBanbI Knacc TO'IHOCTH, npOIJ;eCca, cpen CTB nOI<a38HHH B3BelI1HBa- nCHa neneHHJI, Tpe6YIOIIJ;HX H3MepeHHH no lI1Kane HWI norpeIllHOCTb I<OHTpOJUI H3MepeHHJI llponecc rrpoH3B011.CTBa XJ1e6a 11.on)l(eH 6bITb MeTponorHQeCKH o6ecne- qeH Ha Bcex ero CTa)J.l1HX. JJ.fm BbIIlonHelDUI MeTp0J10rHqeCKOrO o6eCneqeHJUI (MO) Heo6xo)J.l1MO AIDI Ka)f()J.Oro BblpaooTbmaeMoro copra XJ1e6a HJlH XJ1e606ynOqHbIX H3nerrHM pa3pa60TaTb cxervry noro o6ecneQeHHH. IlpHMep COnaBJ1eHHJI MeI'p0J10rH'IeCKOro o6eCneqeHHH npoH3Bo11. CTBa npHBe11.eH B TaM. 206. 3. Onpc,lJ;CJlCHlIC BCCbI na60paTop- KlICJlOTHOCTlI no- HbIC 0611(cro Ha3- nyq,a6pllKaToB II Ha'lCHIUI no rOCT rOTOBon npop;yK- 24104-88- IJ,lIlI 4. On pel1CJlCHlIC nnOTHOCTH paCT- BOpOB ApCOMCTpbI 06- ll(cro Ha3Ha'lCHHJI no rOCT 18481- 81 THIla: A AM AMT T a 6 JI H U a 206 MeTpOnOrK'IeCKOC 06ecnC'IeHIIC npoH3Bo)JcTBa XJlc6a H xne606y no'lHbIX H3)JeJIHH ApCOMCTpbI EC (JJJlH 1I3MCpCHIUI KOHueHTp. 3TlIJlO- BOl'O CITlIpTa) CaxapOMCTp TlIITC 113rOTOBlITCJlb - KnllHCKlIit XlIMJla6npu60p nJlOTHOMCp paAHo- 1I30TonHbIfi THIla IIP-1025 (JJrur aB- TOMaTlI'ICCKOrO 113- MCpCHlIH nJlOTHOC- TII TCXH0J}orH'lCc' KlIX )l(H)J;KOCTeil, paCTBopOB II nynbII (1I3rOTO BlITeJlb TannHHHcKYlil np1l60pOCTpOIl- TCJ1bHbIfi 3aBO,rU llnOTHOMCp BCCO- BOn aBTOMaTlI'IeC- 1<01'0 THIla ABn (p;mI aBTOMaTH'lCC- Koro 1I3MCpeHHJI nJlOTHOCTlI pa3J111'1- HbIX )l(H;IJ;KOCTeR) l13rOTOBlITcnb rp03UCHCKoe Hno npOMaBTO- MaTHKa CTaAlfH TeXHO- nOrH'leCKOrO HallMeHOB8HHe np e .1lL eJIbI HHTepB8nb1 Knacc TO'lliOCTH, npOIJ;ecca, CpenCD nOK!l31lHHH B3BeIllHBa- IJ;eHa neneHWI, TPe6YlOIIJ;Hx H3MepeHHH no mKane HIDI norpelllHOCTb KOHTPOlVl H3MepeHHII 1.,D,0311pOBaIflIe MYKJI ABTOMYKOMCp uma: BepXHlIit npcp;cn no- Ka3aHlIit no OCHOBHOR lI1KaJlc : 0-100 Kr 10-100 Kr UCHa P;cJlCHlIH OCHOB- Hoil lI1KaJIbI 1 Kr no- rpClI1HocTb :I: 2% 0-200 Kr 20-250 Kr UCHa p;CneHlIH OCHOB- HOn lI1KaJThI 5 I{r no- rpClI1HOCTb :f: 5% 0-1001{r 0-100 Kr :I: 1,0% 0-100 KI' 0-100 Kr :I: 1% K Maccc MH- Hymon )103bI M.D:-I00 M.D:-200 2. .D:0311pOBaHHC JKH.!I-T{IfX KO MIlO- HeHTOB 1I12-X)J,A tII 2- xu- 2A ABToMaTII'lcCKlIe )103l1pOBO'IHbIC CTaIlUIill1I12-X,iIM BHllifxn-06 :!: 2% K Maccc MlIHYT- HOn )103bI 348 0-200 I' 0-200 I' :!: 0,05 1', IV KIIacc 700- 1840 Kr/MB 1020- 1040 Kr/M 3 1015- 1040 Kr/MB nCHa p;cncHHJI :!: 1 Kr/MB norpclI1HOCTh :I: 1 % UCHa ,lJ;CJlCHlIH I Kr/MB norpClI1HOCTh :I: 1% 1 Kr/MB - L\eHa I1cJle- HID! norpclI1HoCTb:!:I Kr/MB nOrpelI1HOCTb :!:0,1 % 10-105% 0-70% norpCWHOCTb :!:0,05 - 0,1% 500- j1Hana30H OCHOBHa5J norpCIII- 3000 Kr/M B 1I3MCpcnllit HOCTh 10-100 Kr/MB 50-500 800- 1200 Kr/MB norpelI1HOCTh :1:1,5% 349 
flpooo/VICeIJue Ta611. 206 flpoi)O/VICeHUe ra6/l. 206 CTa;:uIH TeXlIO- JIorH'lecl<oro HaHMeHOB8HHe npeACJThI I1HTe pB8JIbI Knacc TO'IHOCTU, npou ecca , cpc.c:CTB nOl<a3aHlIH B3BeIIIHB3- ll.eH8 neneHH.H a Tpe6Y1Q{x H3MepeHnH no 1I11<ane HIUI norpeWHOCTb 1<0HTpo1IJI H3MCpaUm 5. KOIITpOJIb npo- qaCbI 3J1e KTpH'leC- P;OJJ)l(l!TCJJb!IOCTII KYle II APyrlle 6po)l(CHillIlI pac- croltl<lI II OJI'j- clJ a6 pllKaToB 6. KOHTpOJib T01l- HOCTH )];CneHIIJI- Tecra Ha KYCKYI. MacCbl Bbme1leH- HbIX Ill'I)"IHbIX H3AeJinH II cbIpb5I BeCbl HaCTOJJb!IbIe Ulicpep6J1aTHbIe: BHl!-2 PH-10IJ; 13Y no faCT 23676-79 Pll-lOO 1II13 7.0npcp:CJleHlIC TepMoMeTpbI TCMnepaTypbI no- TeXHH'lCCKlIC nyq,a6pllKaToB II rOCT 2823-73E Bna)I(HO CTII B no- nyq,a6pllK8Tax II roTOBbIX 1I3Acnu- JIX 350 TepMoMeTp PTYT- HbIlt CTeKWIHHbIIt TJ1-2 l-E TepMOMCTpbI WUI CKJIa,I:(OB TC-7 1-1211 OT 0 )];0 200 I' OTOp;O 1000 I' BepXHnH npc- )];eJl no Ka3a- HHit no IllKa- ne OCHOBHOfi 100 1<1' p;onoJUIlI- TCJlbHOfi - OT 25 p;o 1 00 KI' 1-1211 OT 20 )10 1000 I' CBbIIlle 1000 I' OT 100 )];0 2500 I' OT 2500 p;o 10000 I' OT 5 p;o 25 KI' 0-100° CO-100° C TC-4 lIJill )l(1fA- KOCTHbIC TlIIT H OT 0-100° CO-50° C 0-360° C N22 N23 N24 N25 0-100° C 0-100° C CB. 100 p;o 200° C cB.200- 300° C CD. 300 11.0 400 0 C -10 p;o +60 0 C CT8)J;HH TCXHO- nOC1f\-leCKOrO npo L\CC C8, Tpe6ylOil.\Hx KoHTp01IJI 1t3Mepel-lJf.fl ueHa AeJlCHI!H 1 MlIH uCHa P:CJlCHillI 2 I' norpcIllHoCTb :I: 0,5 e; :I: 1 I' :1:1,0 e; :I: 2 r ueHa AeJiCHlIH 5 I' :1:0,5 e; :I: 2,5 I' :I: 1,0 e; :I: 5 I' Ll,eHa )];CJlCHW! OCHOD- Hofi lI1KaJlbI 5 Kr norpClI1HOCTb :I: 25 r :I: 50 I' UCHa p;eJleHIUI 1 0 C nOrpClI1IIOCTb :I: 1°C 9. KOHTpOJib TeMHepaTypbI HC- KapHo!! KaMepbI I.\CHa p:eneHlIH 1 0 C norpeIIIHoCTb :I: 1 0 C UCHa p;eJleHIUI 2° C norpeIIIHOCTh :I: 2 0 C ueHa p;eJlcHW! 1 0 C norpeillHOCTh :I: 1 0 C Ll,eHa l1eJlCHW! 1°C norpeIIIHoCTb :1:2 0 C I.\CHa AeJleHW! 1°C norpcIIIHoCTb :1:3 0 C l.\eHa )];CJleHW! 1°C norpcIIIHOCTh :1:3 0 C Ll,eHa p;eJlCHH5I 1°C norpeIIIHoCTb :I: 1° C HaHMCHOBaHlIe C pC.c:CTB H3MepeHMH npeAeJIbI nOK338HHH no wl<ane TCpMOMCTpbl KOH- T3K TaK11IbIC. T3K, TnK OT 0-300° (' p:nH Jla6opaTopHbIX npH60poD TCpMOMCTpbI MaJIOMCTpll'lCC- KlIC Tf2C-712 fOCT 9624-80 Tnf4 TcpMoMeTp yrJlo- Bofi crCI<JlHHHbIfi no TY 25-11-904- 73 nm Tn-l MnnJlllBOJlbTMCTpLI IIlIpoMcTp1l1leCKI!e TlIn 1I16 9003 no rOCT 9736-68 B KOMnrreKTe C Tep- M03HcKTpll'IeCKI!M npe06pa30BaTeJleM rpap;yHpoBOI< XK TnK NQ 2 5 _40° C 5 _40° C 0-100 50-150 0-150 0-200 0-300 0-600 0-600 100- 350° C 100-300° C 301-350°C 0-600° C I1HTcpBaJIbI B3BeWHB8- HliH Kn:acc TOtffi:OCTH, L\CH8 AenCHH.R norpeIllHOCTb npl!60p qll>KOBOt! D KOMnJleKTe C 3JlCKTpOKoHTaKT- HbIMlI TcpMoMeT- paMlI II PTYTHbIMlI CyIIIHJIbHbIfi lI1Kaq, C31I1-3M 8. KOHTpOJib TeM- fllrpoMcTp fC-210 ncpaTypbI II OTlIO- furpoMcTp-nCllx- ClITCJlbIIOfi BJIa)l(' pOMeTp BI1T-2 HOCTI! B03p;yxa B KaMepc I1J1H paCCToHKlI I N Q 4 NQ 5 N26 ueHa )];CJleHIUI 2° C 1IJ111 5°C norpcIIIHocTb B nepBolt T01jj<e KOHTaKTlIpoBa- HIUI 0-100°C :I: 1°C 101-200° C :1:2° C ueHa l1enCHIUI 5° (' 201- 300 0 C :I: 3° C OT 50- 200° C 50-150° C ueHa P;CJlCHIlli 2 0 C 100-200° C norpcIllIIOCTb :1:2° C 0-300 0 C TO)l(e norpelI1IIOCTh 1!3MepC- HW! BJIa)l(!lOCTlI 2% norpeIIIHOCTL :I: 2 0 C 5 _40° C :I: 1 0 C OTIIOCI!TCJIb- HaH BJla)l(- HOCT!> OT 0-90% :I: 3% 0-100 KJ!acc TO'IHOCTII 1,5 50-150 1,5 0-150 1,0 0-200 1,0 0-300 1,0 0-600 1,5 0-6000 1,5 100-350 C I.\CHa AeJleHlIH 5 u C 100- 300 0 C norpcIllIIOCTb :I: 50 C 301- 350 0 C norpcIllIlOcTb :I: 10 0 C 0-600° C KJlaCC TO'IHOCTII 2 AorryCTlIMaH norpeIll- HOCTh :1:10° C 351 
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IlPHflO)f(EHHE 5 EpOMar KaJIJUI H aCKop6HHOBaH KHcnora P;OJDKHbI rrocTyrraTb Ha rrpoH3- BOP;CTBO B pacTBopax, KoropbIe rOTOBHT B na60paTopHH H3 pac1IeTa 06ecrre- lIeHHH CYTOlIHOH BbIpa60TKH IllIIeHH1IHoro xne6a H3 COpTOBOH MyKH. PacTBop 6poMaTa KanHH B Bop;e peKoMeHA)'IOT rOTOBHTb B COOTHOlliemIH 1 :25, aCKop6HHOBOH KHCnOThI - 1: 10. TeMrrepaTypa BOJ];bI p;on)l(Ha 6bITb He MeHee 20°C:!:2°C, 1J)IH YCKopeHHH HX pacrnopeIDiH MO)KHO HCIIonb30BaTh BOA)' C TeMrrepaTYPOH p;o 50°C. TIpHrOTOBneHHbIe pacTBopbI 6poMaTa KaJIHH HJIH aCKop6miOBoH KHcno- ThI BbIAaIOT HaqaJIbI-IHKY CMeHbI IDIH 6pHra,IJ;l1PY. 3TH pacTBopbI cnep;yeT p;ep)KaTb B rrocyp;e H3 MaTepHaJIa, YCTOHIIHBoro K KOpp03HH. TIpHrOTOBJIeHHble ynY'illIlfTenH BHOCHT B orrapy HnH rrpH 3aMece TeCTa. fIpH rrop;aqe pacTBopa B onapy rrpH HerrpepbffiHblx MeTop;ax TeCTOBep;eHHH ero ueneC006pa3HO p;aBaTb B qaH 1J)IH p;p0)K)KeBOrO MOJIOKa HJII1 BOP;HOH cycrreH3HH rrpeCCOBaHHbIX p;p0)K)KeH, 113 KOToporo OCYIl\eCTBJIHeTCH' rrOnaqa HX Ha rrp0I13BOnCTBO. Ecnl1 yJI)"IIIIHrenb BHOCHT rrpH 3aMece TeCTa, ero yp;06- HO naBaTb BMeCTe C pacTBopoM COJIll. TIpH rropUHoHHOM rrpmOTOBneHHH TeCTa paCTBOp YJI)"IIIIHTenH MO)KeT BnllBaTbCH MepHHKOM B p;e)!()'. TIapaMeTpbI TeXHOnOrv.qeCKOrO rrpouecca rrpHrOTOBJIeHJUI orrapbI H TeCTa rrpH BHeceIDIH YJI)"IIIIHTeneH OCTaIOTCH 6e3 H3MeHeHHH, IIpop;omKHTenbHOCTb paCCTOHKH TeCTOBbIX 3arOTOBOK MO)KeT HeCKOJIbKO YBenH'llIBarbCH. EpOMaT K8JUUl BHOCHT B KOnHlIeCTBe 0,001-0,003% K Macce MYKH (1-3 r I-Ia 100 Kr MYKH) B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT ee KaqeCTBa (cTeIIeHH pacTH- )KHMOCTH KnellKoBHHbI). TIpH paCTH)f(HMOCTH KJIeHKOBHHbI OT 13 p;o 20 CM peKoMeHA)'eMaH P;03HpoBKa 6poMaTa KaJIHH - 0,001% K Macce MYKH, rrpH paCrH)KHMOCTH 60nee 20 CM P;03HpoBKa - 0,002-0,003% K Macce MYKH. BBHP;Y Toro, 'ITO rrpH H36bITO'IHOM KOJIll'IeCTBe 6poMaTa KaJIHH yxyp;- IIIaeTCH Ka'IeCTBO TeCTa (Py6UbI H 6yrpbI Ha KopKe, yruIOTHeHHe MHKHIIIa), He06xop;HMO TO'IHO c06nlOp;aTb ero P;03HPOBKY. ACKOp6HHOByro KHCITOry BHOCHT B KOnU'IeCTBe 0,005 -0,01 % K Macce M}'KH (5-10 r Ha 100 Kr MYKH) B 3aBHCHMOCTH OT ee Ka'IecTBa (cTerreHH paCTH)f(HMOCTH KneHKoBHHbI). TIpH paCTH)KHMOCTH KneHKoBHHbI OT 13-20 CM peKoMeH,lJ,yeMaH P;03H- pOBKa aCKop6HHOBOH KHCnOThI - 0,005% K Macce MYKH, rrpH paCTH>KHMO- CTH - 60JIee 20 CM - 0,01 % K Macce MYKH. CneA)'eT HMeTb B BHA)', 'ITO rrpH rrpHMeHeHHH B Ka'IeCTBe YJIyqIillfTenH aCKop6HHOBOH KHCJIOTbI BHTaMHHH3aI.{HH xne6a He rrpOHCXOP;HT, TaK KaK OHa rrpH BbIIle'IKe rrO'ITH rrOJIHOCTblO pa3pYlliaeTCH. TEXHOJIOrH'lECKAH HHCTPYKIJ;1UI no nPHMEHEHHIO YJIY'llUHTEJIER nPH nrOH3BOACfBE XJ1EEA H XJIEEOEYJIO'IHblX H3AEJIHR H3 nlUEHH'lHoR MYKH 1. BBeAeHHe Xne603aBop;bI IIOJIY'IaIOT MyKY C Heop;HopOAHbIMll xne60rreKapHbIMH CBoHCTBaMll. lIacTb rrocTyrraIOIl\eH M}'KH CMonOTa C Hcrronb30BaHHeM B rro- MOJIbHbIX CMeCHX HeKOH,lJ,Hll.HOHHOro 3epHa, 'ITO Bep;eT K CHH)KeHHIO B TOH HJIH HHOH CTerreHH ee xne60rreKapHblx CBOHCTB. B COOTBeTCTBHH C 3TIiM rrepep; rrpep;rrpJUlTHHMH CTOHT 3a,rJ;a'Ia perYJIHpOBaHHH TeXHOJIOrH'IeCKoro npouec ca IIpH rrepepa60TKe MYKH pa3nH'lHOrO Ka'IeCrna. TIpuMeHeHHe ynY'IllIHTeneH HBJIHeTCH 3eKTllBI-IbIM cpep;cTBoM perYJIH- pOBaHHH Xona TeXHonorH'IeCKoro rrpouecca, rronyqeHHH TeCTa C 3an aH HbIMH C.BOHCTBaMll, yn)"IIIIeHHH Ka'IeCTBa xne6a H rrpOj])leHHH cpoKa COXpaHeHHH ero CBe)KeCTH. 2. YJI}"DlIHTeITH OKHCJIHTeITbHOrO p;eHcTBHH (Kamrn 6poMHoBaTOKHCITbIH - KBr 0 3 - 6pOMaT KaJIHH, fOCT 4457-74; aCKop6HHoBaH KHCITOTa - fCl>X CTaThH 6 «l>apMaKoneH) TIpJlMeHeHHe 6poMaTa KaJIHH HnH aCKop6HHOBOH KHcnOTbI rrOBblIIIaeT ra30yn e p)f(HBaIOll\YIO cnOC06HOCTb TeCTa, B pe3ynbTaTe 'Iero B03paCTaeT 06'beM xne6a, yJIY'lIIIaeTCH 3JIaCTH'lHOCTb H CTpYKrypa rropHcTOCTH MHKHIIIa. TIpH BHeceHHH 3THX ynY'lllIllTeneH CHIDKaeTCH pacnnbIBaeMOCTb nOnOBbIX H3p;enHH, 'ITO n03BOJIHeT, rrpJl nepepa60TKe MYKH nOHH)KeHHOrO Ka1leCTBa, nOBbICHTb BJIIDKHOCTb xne6a B npep;eJIax, YCTaHoBneHHbIx cTaH)J,apTOM, H, TeM CaMbIM, 06eCrre'lHTb COOTBeTCTBYIOIl\I1H BbIXOA xne6a. YJIY'lllIllTenH OKHCJII1TeJIbHOrO p;eHCTBHH HBnHIOTCH CIDIbHoneHCTBYIOIl\H- Mll Bell\eCTBaMll' n03TOMY OHH npHMeHHIOTcH B O'IeHb He60JIbIIIHX p;03ax. B CBH3H C 3THM He06xOAHM Tll\aTenbHbIH nop;60p KOnH'IeCTBa yJIyqIillfTeJIH OKHCJIllTenbHOro neHCTBHH B 3aBHcHMoCTH OT Ka1leCTBa M}'KH, B OCHOBHOM, OT paCTH)f(HMOCTH KneHKoBHHbI HJIH rrOKa3aTeJIH I1J],K-I. YKa3aHHbIe n06aB- KH yny'IllJaIOT H3HlIeCKHe CBOHcrna TeCTa, HX peKoMeHAyeTcH rrpHMeHHTb p;nH MYKH C H3JIllIillle paCTH)f(HMOH KJIeHKOBHHOH H cpeWiero Ka'IeCTBa. J],nH MYKH C KOpOTKOpBYllIeHcH KneHKoBHHOH rrpHMeHeHHe ynY'lIIIHTeneH OKHCJIllTenbHOro p;eHcTBHH Heueneco06pa3HO. 425 424 
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