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CJIe.n;YIOlI1,eM He06xoHMa M8JIeHbKaH nOJIymecTK8S1 nJIOCKaSi nOAYlliKa H3 Ma TepHaJIa, XOpOlliO BnHTbIBalOII.J;erO BJIary. ManhiIllY HymHo HeCKOJIbKO op;eSlJI: TenJIOe (IllepCTSIHoe HJIM BaT- HOe) AJUI nporYJIOK H CH8 Ha B03Ayxe H JIerKHe (6aHKOBoe H TKaHeBoe) .n;JISI HCnOJIb30BaHHH B nOMew.eHHH. TenJIoe o.n;eHJIO rrpep;oxpaHSleTcSI OT aarpH3HeHHH no.n;oAeSlJIbHHKOM, JIerKHe npocTO cTHpalOTcSI. B Terr- ]Ioe BpeMSI rOA8 JIerKOe OAeHJIO MomHO 3aMeHHTb cPJI8HeJIeBOH u rreJIeHKOM. IIOCTeJIbHOe 6eJIbe HeMHorO'tUlcneHHO. STO HeCKOJIbKO rro.n;o)J;eSlJIb- HHKOB, npocTbIHOK H HaBOJIo'tJeK. JIy'tJIIIe HCIIOJIb30B8 Tb nOAO)1,eHJIb- HHKH H H8BOJIO'tJKH B BHp;e KOHBepT8 - QTo6bI He npHmHB8Tb nyro- BHl{bI HJIII TeCeMKH. JIH'I:IHOe 6eJIbe MJIa)1,eHl{a 60JIee p83Ho06pa3HO. HOBopom.n;eHHOMY HymHLI: pacnallIOHKH XJIOnQ8T06YMamHhIe - 10; pacnamOHKH 6aHKoBble - 6; neJIeHKH TOHKHe 90X 90 CM -20; rreJIeHKH TenJIble - 10; nOArY3HIIKII - 20; KOChIHKH HJIH 'I:Ierr'tlHKII (ToHKHe If TerrJIble) -4. Hen;eJIeco06p83HO YKp8maTb AeTCKoe 6eJIbe KpymeB8MlI, BbIillHB- KOH, npOIllHBKaMH, Mepe>KK8MH, TaR KaK 3TO p;eJIaeT ero 60JIee meCT- KHM H .n;oporHM. B rrepBblH MeCHl.{ HOBopomAeHHOMY HHmHSISI pacna- mOHKa I{ 'I:Ierr'tfilK Hap;eBaIOTCH H8H3HaHKY, QT06hI IIIBbI He TpaBMlIpo- BaJIII HemHYIO Komy. IIpH.n;aHoe HOBopom.n;eHHoMY HaAo rOTOBHTb aap8Hee. STO rr03BO- JIlfT nOAo6paTb TRaHH H mBeHHhIe H3.u;eJIIUI rrplISiTHOH paCnBeTKII H B rrOJIHOM accopTHMeHTe. K COmaJIeHHIO, HeKoTophIe me HIIJ.lf H hI , cJIe.n;ySI rrpeApaccy.n;KB.M, H36eralOT nOKynaTL npeAMeTbI .n;eTcKoro TyaJIeTa J1.0 pOmAeHII.H MJIaAeHn;a. OHM nnoxo npeACT8BJIHIOT Bce Te MHoro- 'tIMCJIeHHble XJIOnOTbI, KOTopbIe 06pYllia TCH H8 HHX B nepBhIe He)J;eJIH rrOCJIe pom.n;eHHH pe6eHKB., Kor.n;a 3aHHM8TLCH BorrpocaMH rrpH06peTe- HHSI 6eJIbSl If rrOCTeJIbHblX npRHa.n;JIemHOCTeH ,l.I;JISI M8JIblllIa He 6y.n;eT Hli BpeMeHII, HII CRJI, Bce DIIHMaHHC nOHllo6HTCSl OTA8Tb TOJIbKO 'tITO rrpMIlle,l.l;IlleMY B ADM HOBOMY CYlI1,eCTBY. QRCToe 6eJIbe MaJIhIIll8 CJIeAyeT nOMem;aTb OT,l.I;eJIbHO If TaK, 'tITo6bI ero y.n;06HO 6b1JIO )J.OCTaBaTb O.n;HOH PYKOH. rpSl3Hble neJIeHKH TaK.>Ke HymHo xpaHHTb OTAeJIbHO B 3MaJIHpOBaHHOM 6aKe (BeApe) C KpblIllKOH. 3TO n03BOJISIeT rrpH He06xo,l.l;lIMOCTH 3aMa'tIIIB8Tb OTp;eJIbHO .n;eTCKoe 6eJIbe B Ae3I1H<pHn;HpYIOlI1,HX paCTBopax. KpoMe nOCTeJIli II 6eJIbSi pe6eHKY HY.>KHhI rrpeAMeTbI YXOAa. STO TyaJIeTHbIe npHHap;JIemHOCTH: BaHHO'l:lKa, Ta3HK, KYBllIHH, repMO- MeTpbI .n;JIH 1I3MepeHHSI TeMnepaTyphl TeJIa, BOP;hI 11 nOMew.eHH.H, M8- xpOBoe rrOJIOTeHn;e, ry6Ka (HJIH BapemKa). CIO.n;a me OTHOCSlTCSI w.eTK8, rpe6emOK, HOmHHl.{bI, 6aJIJIOH'I:I1IK J1.JISI KJIH3MhI, nHrreTK8, 6aHO'l:lK8 C Ba TOH, .n;eTCKoe MbIJIO, rpeJIKa, B83eJIHHOBOe HJIH rro.n;COJIHe'tJHoe (npOKHrrH'tIeHHoe) M8CJIO, .n;e3IIH«pHII.HPYIOlI1,He cpe.n;CTBa (MapraHl{OBO- KHCJIhlii RanHii), TaJIbK (p;eTCK8H npHCbInKa), rpaAYHpOBaHHbIe 6YTbI- JIO'tJKH H COCKH K HHM. 11 
B POAHnbHOM AOME nepSble AHH >KH3HH, Macca " AnHHa Tena HOBOpO>KAeHHOro, Mon03MBO, npMKnaAblsaHHe K rpYAM, no,qrOTOBKa K KopMneHHIO, npaSHna KopMneHHH, TpeL14HHbI caCKa, CL\eH<HSaHHe Monot<a, q>H3HonOrH'IeCKaH nOTepA MaCCbl, >KenTyxa HOBOpO>KAeHHOrO r nepBaH npHBHBKa r WKOna .MOno,qOH MaTep" CqaCTbe MaTepHHCTBa 3aCT8BnSleT 6LICTpO 3a6hITb pO,n;OBhIe MYKH. .Ma Tb BCH B P;YM8X 0 MJI8,n;eHu;e. ,lJ;ame H8 CBOe COCTOHHHe Ii CaMO- qYBCTBHe OHa 06paI.I.J;aeT MeHbllIe BHHMaHHH. IIOHBJIHIOTCSI nepBhIe orr8CeHH.R: AOCTaTOqHO JIH 6y,n;eT MOJIOKa, xopomo JIH 6Y)J;eT M8JIhIm cocaTb. KOpMJIeHHe MJIa.u;eHu;a - 3TO HOBa.R 6HOJIOrliQeCKaH CBSI3b. OHa 0K8.3hIBaeT npHMoe B03AeHCTBHe Ha pe6eHKa, 06eCneqHBaH ero BceM Heo6xo.u;HMhIM AJIH pOCTa 11 pa3BHTHH. If B TO me BpeMH no rrpHH[(Hny 06paTHOH CBH3H B03AeHcTByeT Ha opraHH3M MarepH, no- MoraS! 6hICTpee onpaBHTbCH nOCJIe 6epeMeHHOCTH Ii pOAOB. IIepBbIe )J;HH mH3HH caMhIe Tpy,n;HhIe )1.JISI HOBopom,n;eHHoro. OH rrpHmen B HOBhIH ):tJISI Hero MHp C 60JIee HH3KOH Ii H3MeHHIO eHC.H TeMrrepaTYPOH oKpymalOI.I.J;eH cpeAbI, C HHOR BJIamHOCTb1O. BnepBbIe CTaJI ,lI;hIIIIa Tb, IIHTa TbCH, BCTYIIHJI B KOHT8KT C MHomeCTBOM 3JIblX Ii .u,06PhIX MHKp06oB. If Bo06I.I.J;e TPy,n;HO rrepeQliCJIHTb Bce, 'ITO Y pe6eH- Ka Ha QaJIOCb BrrepBhIe. MaTb nOCJIe pO,ll;OB ew;e cJIa6a, H Tpe6yeTcH HeCKOJIbKO ,n;Heii, tlT06hI OHa OKpeIIJIa H CTaJIa cnoc06HOH yxaJKHBa Tb 3a MaJIhIlliOM II BCKapMJIHBaTb ero. II03TOMY nepBYIO He)J.eJIIO mH3HH HOBOpOJK)I.eH- Hble rrpOBo,n;S!T B pOAHJIbHOM )J.OMe, r,n;e aKymephI H )I.eTCKHe BpaQH T a TeJIbHO Ha6JIIO.u;a1OT 3a COCTOHHHeM Ma TepH H pe6eHKa. IIepBhIH Bonpoc 0 HOBOpOJKAeHHoM: . A CKOJIbKO OH BeCHT? Macca Tena B KaKoM-To CTerreHH COOTBeTcTByeT COCTOHHHIO HOBopom)J;eH- Horo H B 06hI)J;eHHoM IIpe,n;CTaBJIeHHH KpyrrHaH Macca OTOm.n;eCTBJIH- eTCH C KpenOCTblO H 3.n;opoBbeM, a MaJIaH - COOTBeTCTBeHHO CO CJIa60CTblO If 60JIe3H.HMH. 3TO BeCbMa npH6JIH3HTeJIbHOe cY>K,n;eHHe. HOpM8JIbHOH C'tJHTaeTCSI Macca HOBopomAeHHoro OT 2,5 11.0 4 Kr. HOBO- pO>KAeHHbIe C MaccoH MeHee 2,5 Kr 06bIQHO OKa3hIBalOTCH HeAOHomeH- HhIMlJ HJIlJ 60JIbHbIMH. AeTH C MaccoH 60JIee 4 Kr 60JIbme rro)J;- BepmeHhI pO.D;OBhIM TpaBMaM. Ho Macca 3TO TOJIbKO OAH8 CTOpOHa X8paKTepHCTHKH HOBOpO>K.n;eHHoro. OHa HenOCTOHHHa Ii HMeeT TeH- .u;eHU;HIO K AOBOJIbHO 3Ha ' .HfTeJIbHbIM KOJIe6aHHHM. BoJIee cTa6HJIeH nOKa3aTeJIb .u;JIHHhI TeJIa, HOpMaJIhHa.H BeJIHQHHa KOTOpOro KOJIe6JIeTCH B npe,n;eJIax 48 - 58 CM. Bce ,n;eTH Ha 2-3-H .n;eHb .mH3HH TepHIOT 'IaCTb CBoeH MaCChi TeJIa (200-300 r). 3TO TaK H83hIBaeMa.H <pH3HOJIOrHQeCKaSl nOTepSl, CB.H3aHH8S1 C H3MeHeHHeM I'H.n;pO<pHJIbHOCTH (cnoc06HoCTH HaKanJIH- BaTb BO.u,y) TKaHeH HOBopom.n;eHHoro H He.n;ocTaTOQHOH cnoc06HoCTblO K YCBoeHHIO nHIIJ;l1. B rrOCJIeAYIOlIJ)Ie AHH 3Ta nOTep.H BOCnOJIHSleTCSI. Ha 2-H He.n;eJIe >KH3HH Macca TeJI8 BOCCTaHaBJIHBaeTCSI IIOJIHOCTblO H HstJHH8eT 3aKOHOMepHO YBeJIH'tJHB8TbCH. 12
rpy AHOe MOJIOKO IIOSlBJI.ReTCSI Y Ma TePH TOJKe HepaBHOMepHO. B nepBhle .u;HH nOCJIe pO.u;OB Bhlp;eJISIeTCH JIHmb He6oJIbrnoe KOJlHqeCTBO MOJl03HBa, npe}J;CTaBJlSlIOero co60ii rYCTOH KJleHKHH ceKpeT cepoBa TO- meJIToro I..(BeTa. B HeM cop;epmHTCSI MHoro 6eJIKOB, OqeHb 6J1H3KHX no COCTaBY K 6eJIKB.M KpOBH HOBOpOJKp;eHHoro. mHp MOJI03HBa cxom C COCT8BOM JKHpOBOH TKaHH TeJIa pe6eHKB.. B MOJI03HBe MHoro BHTaMH- HOB (A, C, B2' E), Heo6xoAHMhlX .u.eTCKOMY opr8HH3MY MHHepaJIbHhIX cOJIeii H 6HOJlOrHtJeCKH aKTHBHhIX Bem;eCTB (epMeHToB, ropMoHoB). KaJIOpHHHOCTb ero OqeHb BeJIHKa (.u.o 1500 KKaJl/ JI), 'tITO o6eCrreqHBaeT HOBOpOm,l];eHHOMY B03MomHOCTb nOJIy'tIHTb B He60JIblliOM 06'beMe nHH 3Ha'tJHTeJIbHOe KOJlH'tJeCTBO BblCOKOKa'tJeCTBeHHhIX IIHTa reJIbHbIX Bem;eCTB BhICOKOH KaJIOpHHHOCTH. MOJI03HBO rrpaKTH'tJeCKH YCBaHBa- eTCH pe6eHKOM nOJIHOCTblO 6e3 nepeBapHBaHHSI. Oco6eHHO BaJKHa 3am;HTH8.R poJIb CO,lJ;epm8m;HXCH B MOJI03HBe HMMYHor JI06y JIHHOB KJI8CCa A. IIOCJIeAHHe YCTOH'tJHBbl K ,z:r;eHCTBHIO epMeHTOB meJIY'tJHO-KHlIIe'tJHoro TpaKTa H, a,z:r;cop6HPY.RCb rro XOAY KHlIIe'tJHHKa, 06ecne'tJHBaIOT ero 3aru;HTY OT MHKp06HOH H BHPYCHOH HHeKHH. Co.u.epmaHHe HMMYHOrJI06YJIHHOB B MOJI03HBe HaH60JIee BbICOKoe B nepBhle 'IaCbI nOCJIe pO.n;OB. B .n;aJIbHeHlIIeM HX KO Hr.r;eH Tpa - r.r;H.H pe3KO CHHmaeTCH. II03TOMY TaK BamHO AJISI 3P;OpOBbSI HOBO- pOJK,l];eHHOrO paHHee rrpHKJIap;hIBaHJIe K rpy.n;H Ma TepH. CeiitJac TBep,u;o YCTaHOBJIeHO, tJTO qeM paHblIIe pe6eHOK rrOJIyqHT p;ame MHHHMaJIbHOe KOJIHtJeCTBO MOJI03HBa, If Me IOI..I.I-e ro caMYIO BhICO- KYIO KOHII;eHTpar.r;HIO HMMYHor JIo6y JIHHa A, TeM BbIrne 6y,u;eT 3alD,HTa ero rrHI.II;eBapHTeJIbHoro TpaKT8 OT HHTeHCHBHOro 6aKTepHaJIbHOrO 06ceMeHeHH.R nocJle pomp;eHHSI. C APyroH CTOpOHbI, paHHee npHKJIa- AbIBaHHe 3,u;OpOBOro HOBOpOJK.n;eHHoro K rpyp;H MaTepH (qepe3 15-20 MHHYT IIOCJIe pomp;eHHH) 6JIarOIIpH.RTHO CKa3hIBaeTCH II Ha ee opra- HH3Me: cIIoc06cTByeT 6hlcTpeHllIeMY COKpam;eHHIO MaTKR, 60JIee paH- HeMY aanYCKY MexaHII3Ma MOJIOKOOTp;eJIeHIIH, Y p;JIHHeHHIO cpOKa Jl8KT8n.HH (KopMJIeHHH rpYAblO). H8 3-4-H ,z:r;eHb JI8KTar.r;HH KOJlHqeCTBO MOJIOKa pe3KO B03p8CTaeT, rpy,u;HhIe meJIe3h1 Harpy6alOT. 3TO MOJlOKO (nepexo,u;Hoe) mHme, qeM MOJI03HBO, HO rYI..I.I-e, qeM MOJIOKO B 06bI'IHOM IIOHHMaHHH. HHTepeCHO, 'ITO KOJIH'tJeCTBO MOJIOKa H8paCTaeT TaKHMH me TeMrr8MH, K8K H crro- C06HOCTb pe6eHK8 era BbIC8CbIB8Tb II nepeBapHBaTb. KopMHm;asr Ma Tb .n;OJImHa oc06eHHO TIII;a TeJIbHO C06JIIO,u;a Tb np8- BHJI8 JllltJHOH rHrHeHhI. Eme,u;HeBHo CJlep;yeT o6MhIBa Tb rpy,u;b TenJIOH BO,u;OH C MhIJIOM. PYKH nepeA KOpMJIeHHeM 06.H3a TeJIbHO MOIOTCSI C MhIJIOM. B nepBoe BpeMSI npH KOpMJIeHHH r.r;eJleC006pa3Ho Ha.n;eBaTb M8pJleBYIO M8CKY, 38KPhIB81OW;YIO pOT H HOC. COCOK H rrpHJIeralOlD,YIO K HeMY 06JIaCTb HYJKHO 06MhIBa Tb 2 % paCTBopOM CO,u;hI (o,u;Ha qaHHaH JIOJKKa H8 CT8K8H KHIISI'tJeHoH BO.n;LI) HJlH npOCTO KHIIHqeHOH BO.n;OH. HeCKOJIbKO rrepBhIX K8.rreJIb MOJIORa JIyqIlle cr.r;ep;HTb. 3THM OqHI..I.I-a- IOTCH HapymHbIe OT.n;eJIbI BbIBOP;HI.I.J;HX rrpOTOKOB MOJIO'tJHbIX >KeJIea OT IIOIIaBmHX Ty.n;a MHKp06oB. Heo6xo,lJ;HMO TIIJ;a TeJlbHO c06J1IO,ZJ;a Tb npaBHJIa KOpMJIeHHH. KOPM- JIeHHe pe6eHKa P;JIH Ma Tepeii 06bItJHO o'tJeHb rrpHHTHO. H OHH HeBOJIb- HO cTapaIOTCSI ero rrpo,zpUfTb, p;ame eCJIH MaJIbIIll, HaChITHBIIlHCb, 13 
CJI8AKO cnRT, He BbInYCKaSI COCK8 ll30 pTa. llOCJIeJI.Hee 06CTOSlTeJIhCTBO MomeT rrpHBeCTH K pa3JI.pameHlllO KomH B 06JIaCTll COCKa, nOSlBJIeHHIO MOKHYIIJ.HX H MeJIKHX, OqeHh 60JIe3HeHHbIX Tpem.HH COCKa, 3aCTaBJISI- IOID;HX MaTh OTKa3bIBaThCH OT KOpMJIeHHSI pe6eHKa rpYJI.hlO. KpOMe Toro, TpeIqHHhl - STO Bxo,nHhle BOpOT8 JI.JISI HH<peKU;HH, KOTopaSl MO-   meT BhI3B8Th MaCTHT - BOCnaJIHTeJIhHhlH rrpou;ecc B rpYHOH meJIe3e. Bo H36emaHlle nOSlBJIeHHSI TpeIqHH He06xo.D;llMO, BO- nepBbIX, MeHSlTb rrOJIOmeHHe pe6eHKa Y rpy All BO BpeMH KOpMJIeHHSI, QT06hI rrpH 1. Cn;e>KHBaHHe (a, 6, 6) cocaHHH nO)];Bepr8JIHCb )];aBJIeHHIO pa3HbIe yqaCTKH COCKa; BO-BTOPbIX, rrOCJIe KOpMJIeHH.H COCOK CJIeJI.yeT OCTopomHO H3BJIeKa Th H30 pT8 MJIa- AeHa. EcJIH OH ero He oTnycKaeT, JI;OCTaTOqHO CJIerKa 38maTh HOC MaJIbIma, H OR C8M BhITOJIKHeT COCOK. B-TpeThHX, nOCJIe KOpMJIeHIUI Ii cu;emHBaHHSI OCT8BIllerOCH MOJIOKa HymHo BhICYIllHB8 Th COCOK, J{epma OTKpbITblM Ha B03JI.yxe 5 MHHYT. Bo BpeMSI KOpMJIeHHH Heo6xoJI.HMO CJIe)I.HTh, qT06hI rpY)];h He 3aKphIB8JI8 HOC pe6eHKa. HaJI.o npHyqHTb HOBOpOm)I.eHHoro 38XB8- ThIBa Th TIPH cocaHHH He TOJIbKO COCOK, HO II OKOJIOCOCKOBbIH KpymOK. HH8qe OH 6YAeT 3arJIaTbIBaTh B03JI.YX, qTO MomeT CT8Th npHqHHOH 6ecnoKoHCTBa, B3JI.YTHH .>KHBOTa, cpbIrHBaHHH MOJIOKa. Aepma Th pe6eHKa Y rpY.D;H )];OJIhIIIe 15 - 20 MHHYT He peKOMeHJI.yeTCSI. B OqepeAHOe KOpMJIeHHe MJIa,neHu;a CJIe)];yeT rrpHKJIa)];bIBa Th TOJIhKO K OAHOM rpYJI;H. OCTaB m eecSI nOCJIe cocaHHH MOJIOKO HYmHO 06SI3a- TeJIbHO cu;eJI.HTb AO nOJIHoro onopoHeHHSI rpYAH. TOJIhKO nOJIHOe onopomHeHHe MOJIOqHhIX meJIe3 BeJI.eT K nOCTeneHHOMY YBeJIHqeHHIO B HHX MOJIOKa. Cu;emRBaTh MOJIOKO HaAO JIerKIIMH JI;BHmeHHSlMH, He KacaSlCh COCKa. llpH Harpy6aHHH rpYJI.HbIX meJIe3 u;eJIeCOO6pa3HO HCnOJIh30BaTb MOJIOKOOTCOC (pliC. 1). nOCJIe KOpMJIeHHSI pe6eHKY H8)];O JI.8Tb JIOmeqKY KHns.rqeHOH BO)];hI, 3TO cnoc06cTByeT CMhIBY OCTaTKOB MOJIOKa H npeJI.ynpemJI.eHHIO B03- HHKHOBeHHSI MOJIOqHHU;bI. Ha 3-4-H .u;eHh mH3HH Y HOBOpOmJI.eHHoro MomeT nOSlBHThCSI JIerKOe meJITYlliHoe OKpaIllHBaHHe KomH. :3TO TaK Ha3hIBaeMaSi <pH3HO- JIOrHqeCKas.r meJITyxa. llpHqHHa ee 3aKJIIOQaeTCSl B TOM, qTO BO BpeMSI BHYTPHYTp06HOH mH3HH B KpOBH llJIO.D;a HMeeTCSI ropa3JI.0 60JIbIlle 14 
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2 2. neneHRHHe llepBoe rreJIeHaHHe BCer)I;a OC06eHHOe. MOJIO)I;bIe pO)I;HTeJIH ee He BJIa)I;eIOT 3THM H8BhIKOM. A rreJIeHaIOT pe6eHKa TaK (pHC. 2): H8 pOBHOH rrOBepXHOCTH paCCTHJI810T TOHKoe OAeHJIO liJIH 60JIbIllYIO <pJIaHeJIeBYIO neJIeHKY, cBepxy KJIa)J;YT TOHKYIO rreJIeHKY, nO)I;rY3HHK HJIH ,n;pyrylO rreJIeHKY, CJIOmeHHYIO B 4 pa38 TpeyroJIbHHKOM. Ha 3TH rreJIeHKH YKJIa- ,lI;hIBaIOT MJIa.u.eHna, OAeToro BABe p8crr811IOHKH: HH>KHIOIO TOHKYIO 18 
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IIOJIOCTb pTS TYSJIeTY He nOABeprSeTCH. CJIH3HCTSH 060JIO'lKS ee 01.leHb pSHHMS. IIOHBJIeHHe HS CJIH3HCTOH 060JIO'lKe Il.\eK, ry6, AeceH Ii H3L1Ka CTOHKHX 6eJlLIX nRTHbIweK - CHrH8J1 He6narono.ny1.lHH. 'Bo3MOJKHO, 3TH rrRTHhImKH - KonOHHH ApomJKeBoro rpH6a (MOJI01.l- HHqa). B TaKOM CJIY'Ise HymHo 06Ra8reJIbHO nOCOBeTOBaTbCR C Bpa1.l0M, KOTOphlH paCCK8meT, KaK H 1.IeM C JIeQe6HOH Q,eJlblO MomHO o6pa6a- ThIB8Tb CJIH3HCTYIO 060JIO'lKY rrOJIOCTH pT8. IIoMHHTe, qTO B nepBhIH MeCSlII; JKH3HH Bpa1.l Hs6JIIOASeT H OCM8TpHBseT pe6eHKa TOJIbKO AOM8. 3. HOBopo>KAeHHoro YT- pOM YMhlB8.IOT 4 4. Hoc npO'lHI..Q.8IOT B8T- Hhlll! mrYTHKOM OCMOTpHTe ymHhIe pSKOBHHhI, BeT JlH H8 HRX l\SpSnHH. 06paTHTe BHHM8HHe HS B03MOJKHOCTb nOKp8CHeHH.R H MOKHYTHR 38 ymsMH. 3STeM pS3BepHHTe neJIeHKH Ii BHHM8TeJIbHO OCMOTpHTe pe6eHK8.. HeT JIH Y Hero ChInH, nOKpSCHeHHH, MOKHYTHR B 06JISCTH KomHhlX CKJISP;OK. MHorAS HS rp8HHne BOJIOCHCTOH 1.ISCTH rOJIOBhI, JI68 H 38ThlJI- .K8 Y HOBOpOJKp;eHHhlX OTMeqalOTCH 6arpOBO-CHHIOWHhle nRTHS nOCTO- HHHOH «pOPMhI. aTO He 3s60JIeBsHHe. IISlTH8 co BpeMeHeM n06JIeJJ;HeIOT H HCqe3HYT. HeKoTOphlx poAHTeJIeH 6ecnoKoHT nO.RBJIeHHe 6eJIhlx .KpYIIHhlX T01.leK, CJIerK8 BblCTYII81OX HaA KomeH JI6s, Il.\eK HJIH ry6. 3TH 6e3BpeAHhle 06pa30BSHHR HBJI.RIOTCH CJIeACTBHeM BpeMeHHOH 38KynopKH C8JIbHhlX JKeJIe3. B TO me BpeM.R rrocJle BblnHCKH H3 pOp;HJIbHOrO p;OMa y pe6eHK8 MorYT 06H8pymHTbcB MeJIKHe ep;HHH1.J- Hhle HJIH MHomeCTBeHHhle Y3eJIKH (nphlIr(HKH), YKa3h1BSIOIT(He H8 '" BOCn8JIHTeJIbHbIH rrpoqecc BepxHHx CJlOeB KomH, HJIH Aame nY3h1pbKH C npo3paQHhlM HJIH MYTHhIM COAepmHMLIM. IIepBoe RX nOJIBJIeHHe 06h1'1HO He OTpamaeTC.R Ha 06Il.\eM COCTO.HHHH HOBopomAeHHoro, TeMne- P8TYPS TeJIS Y Hero OCTaeTCH HOpM8JIbHOH, B CBSl3H C "'{eM HeKOTOphle HeonhITHhle M8TepH He BH,lUiT B STHX 06pa30BaHliSiX onaCHOCTH, He Bcerp;a cnemST 06paTHTbCSI K BPS-qy, a HSQHH810T 06pa6sThlBaTb IIX C8MH. BHS1.ISJIe rHOHHH1.IKH rrOAChlxalOT, HO B 60JIblliHHCTBe cJlYQaeB Ha 2-3-H AeHb B03HHK81OT nOBTopHbIe BbIchInaHHsr, COCTOHHHe pe6eH- K8 nocrerreHHO YXYJJ;IllaeTC.H, OH CT8HOBHTCSI B.HJIhlM HJIII 6ecnOKOH- HhlM, xyme coceT, nJIOXO npH6hIBaeT B M8cce. 3TO Ot..leHb on8CHO. II03TOMY rHOHHH"'{KH CJIeJJ;yeT paCCMaTpHBaTb KaK TpeBomHhlH CHrH8JI CepLe3Horo 3860JIeB8HH.H H B T8KHX CJIy-qaSlx CPOQHO npHr JIallia Tb H8 AOM Bpaqa. HOpMaJIbHaSi Koma HOBOpOm,AeHHoro MSlrKa.H, 6apxaTHCTaSl, no- KpbIT8 HemHbIMH rrYlliKOBhlMH BOJIOCHKaMH. Y HeKOTOpbIX AeTeH HB 20 
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C A06aBJIeHHeM B Hee MapraHOBOKHCJIOro KaRHS cnoc06cTByeT JIY- ... llIeMY 3amHBJIeHHIO rryrrO'lHOli paHKH. B 06JIaCTH rrOJIOBhlX opraHOB H 3a.n;Hero rrpoxop;a JIerKO HapYIlla- eTC.H eJIOCTHOCTb CJIH3HCThIX 060JIOqeK, MorYT nOHBHTbCH 60ne3HeH- Hhle TpeHHKH, BhI.n;eJIeHHSI, HaneTbI. Bo3HHKHOBeHHe ux npH Ta- TeJIbHOM yxo.n;e OJI)KHO paceHHBaTbC.H KaK 6oJIe3Hb H COOTBeTCTBeH- HO neqHTbCH. TeMnep8TYP8 TeJI8 qeJIOBeK8 KOJIe6JIeTCSI B TeeHHe CYTOK. Ca- MOH HH3KOH OHa 6hIB8eT YTPOM (5-6 qaCoB), caMOH BhIcoKoH- BeqepOM (17 -18 'IaCoB). llpHH.HTO H3Mep.HTb TeMnepaTYPY TeJIa HMeHHO B 3TH 'I8CbI, nOCKOJIhKY ee nOKa38 TeJIH B .n;aHHbIH rrepHOJ]; 60JIb- me x8paKTepH3YIOT COCTOSIHHe 3.n;OpOBhSI. ,lI;JIH H3MepeHH.H TeMIIepaTY- phi TeJIa pe6eHKa yrroTpe6JIHeTCH MeAHHHCKHH MaKCHM8JIhHhIH TepMoMeTp, B KOTOpOM CTOJI6HK PTYTH, pacmHpHBlliHHC.H npH corpeBa- HHH ero TeJIOM, 06paTHO caM He orrYCKaeTCSI H TaKHM 06pa30M <pHKCH- pyeT MaKCHMaJILHYIO TeMrrepaTYPY. TeMnep8Typa KomH Ha pa3JIHq- HhlX Y1.I8CTKax TeJIa HeOJ];HHaKOB8, 66ru;enpHH.HThIM MeCTOM IIOMeru;e- HUH TepMOMeTpa .HBJI.HIOTC.H IIO,l);MbIWe1.lHhIe HJIH naxOBhIe CKJIaAKH. B cpeAHeM TeMIIepaTypa TeJIa 3AopoBoro qeJIOBeKa KOJIe6JIeTCH OT 35 .no 37 o. IToKa38, TeJIU BbIxo,n.HI.I.(He 3a 3TH npe.n;eJIbI, CBH.n;eTeJIhCT- BY lOT 0 HapymeHHH 4>YHKHH nOCTO.HHCTBa TeMnep8TypLI TeJIa, qTO 06h1'1HO YK83bIBaeT Ha 3a60JIeBaHHe. Y rpy,z:r;HhlX AeTeii B CHJIY HeCOBepmeHCTBa <PYHKHH TepMoperYJISI- HH TeMrrep8 Typa TeJIa MomeT BhIXO,nHTh 38 HopM8nbHbIe npe,neJIbI npn nepeOXJIa)KAeHHH HJIH neperpeBaHHH. 06h1'1HO MaMhI eme.n;HeBHO nOJIb3YlOTcn TepMOMeTpOM JIHIllb B rrep- Bble MeCgbI mH3HH pe6eHKa. B .n;anbHeHmeM OHH npHyaIOTC.H .n;OBOJIb- ... HO TOHO onpe,z:r;eJISITb map Y Hero rrpOCTO PYKOH. TeMnepa TYpa TeJI8 BO PTY pe6eHKa HJIll B rrp.HMOH KHIllKe, KaK npaBHJIO, H8 0,5 0 BbIIlle, 1.leM B KomHbIX CKJIa}J;Kax. BTOpOH BnA TyaJIeTa TeKYIII;HH. OH CB.H3aH C Heo6xo.n;HMOCTLIO no,nMblBaTb MJIa.n;eHl\a nOCJIe MoeHCIIYCKaHHg Ii Ae<peKaHH. Moa HOBopomJ];eHHoro BOJ];.HHHCTa, He HMeeT 3anaxa H He OCTaBJI.HeT a8MeT- HbiX n.HTeH Ha rreJIeHKe. ll03TOMY HeKOTophle MaMhI .n;YMaIOT, qTO MOKPYIO rreJIeHKY MomHO no.n;cymHTb 6e3 CTHpKH. SToro AenaTh HeJIL- 3.H, nOTOMY qTO MHHepaJIbHhle COJIH If .n;pyrHe IllJIa KOBbIe Bew;eCTBa aaCOXHYT Ha IIeJIeHKe H MorYT pa3AP8ma Tb Komy MaJIhlIlla. KamJJ;YIO HCrrOJIb30BaHHYlO neJIeHKY HY>KHO CTHpa TL, KHIIHTHTh H r JIaAHTb. IIeJIeHKH, KaK H Bce AeTCKoe 6eJIbe, CTHpaIOTC.H TOJIbKO ,neTCKHM MblJIOM. He CJIe,z:r;yeT C 3TOH u,eJIblO yrroTpe6JIHTb X03.HHCTBeHHoe MhlJIO, CTHp8JILHhle rropOlliKH H rr8CThI, TaR KaK MeJIbaHmHe Q8CTHl\LI 3THX MOIOru;HX cpe.n;CTB, OCTaBIllHXCH H8 OeJIhe rrOCJIe 06hIqHOrO rrOJIOCKaHHS:I, MorYT Bbl3B8 Tb aJIJIeprHqeCKHe peaKlJ,HH KomH. HHor,z:r;a IIOCJIe MOqeHC- nYCK8HIUI Ha IIeJIeHKe rrOHBJISIIOTCSI 6yphle IISITHa. STO CBn.n;eTeJIb- cTByeT 0 BhlCOKOH KOHeHTp8l\HH MO'leBOH KHCJIOThI H K8.KOM-TO Ha- pymeHHH 06MeHa Bew.eCTB. He 3a6y.n;bTe CKa38Tb 06 3TOM rraTpOHam- HOM ceCTpe H yqaCTKOBOMY eTCKOMY Bpaqy BO BpeMH OqepeAHOro HX noceru;eHHSI. To me CJIeAyeT CAeJI8 Tb, eCJIH MOqa CTaHOBHTC.H MYTHOH, MeH.HeT BeT HJIH rrpn06peTaeT He06hI'IHhlH aanax. 22 
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B )J.OM8IllHeM 06CT8HOBKe Ha)J;O T8K.>Ke YAeJIHTb BHHMaHHe rltTHeHH- qeCKOM CTopOHe KOpMJIeHIUI: MbITb PYKH, 06MhIB8Th rpYAh nepe)J. KOpMJIeHHeM, Tm;8 TeJIhHO BbICYIllHB8 Tb COCOK nOCJIe Hero, CJIe.n;HTh a8 rrOJIHbIM OnOpO.>KHeHHeM rpy AH, ':Iro CTHMY JIHpyeT BbIpa60TKY MOJIOKa. rpy.n;Hoe MOJIOKO - He TOJIhKO caMaSl nerKaH, nOJIe3HaH H CblTH8S1 rrHll\a MJI8)J.eHIJ,a. BIfOJIOrIf'leCKHe oco6eHHOCTH ero T8KOBbI, qTO OHO nOMoraeT pe6eHKY nepemHTb KpHTH'leCKHM nepHOA )KIfaHH, T. e. rrep- Bble He)J.eJIH H MeCHIJ,bI rrOCJIe pom):{eHHH. T -JIHM<pOIJ,HTbI meHcKoro MOJIOK8. 06eCne':lHBaIOT 60JIee 6hICTpoe <pOpMHpOBaHHe MeCTHoro HM- MYHHTeTa H8 ypOBHe meny.a;OqHO-KHllIe':lHoro TpaKTa. KopMfla.H MaTh .u;OJImHa 6epeQh rpYAh, yxamHB8Th 38 HeM, M8C- cHpoBa Tb, BHHMa TeJIhHO CJIe.a;HTb 38 COCKOM, He nO.HBHJIHCb JIH Ha HeM Tpem;HHKH, paa.a;pameHHe, ynJIOTHeHHe. CJIeAyeT emeAHeBHO MeHHTh 6eJIbe, Tm;aTeJIbHO KHn.HTHTh H npOrJIamHB8Th JIH<p'lHKH. Bce 3TH Heo6xOAHMhIe COCT8BHble 3JIeMeHTbI npo<pHJIaKTHKIi nOMorYT COXP8- HHTh MOJIOKO H rrpeAyrrpe,lI;HTb pa3BHTHe BOCrraJIHTeJIbHbIX rrpOIJ,eCCOB B rpy JJ;HbIX meJIe3ax. MY)f(CKOtit PA3rOBOP OT....OBCTBO, 06J13aHHOCTM oTu.a, B3aMMOOTHOWeHMJI B ceMbe OTIJ,OM 6hITh He npOCTO. jKeHHHa, CT8B M8repblO, H3MeH.HeTCSI <pH31PleCKH. Mym'lHH8, CT8B OTIJ,OM, AOJImeH H3MeHHTbC.H MOp8JIhHO. OTIJ,OBCTBO - He TOJIbKO paAOCTb H roPAOCTh. OTIJ,OBCTBO - 3TO H XJIO- nOTbI, If TpeBorH, If 6ecnOKOHHhIe HO'IH. POAHTeJIH C03.u;8IOT pe6eH- K8 BJJ;BoeM. B.u;BoeM OHH era .n;OJI>KHbI Ii BhIxamHB8Tb, BocnHTblBaTh. Ma TL, BepHYBIlIHCh H3 pOAHJIhHOrO ,lI;OMa, no cym;eCTBY, em;e OqeHb cJIa6a. IIepHo.n; BOCCT8HOBJIeHHJI ee CHJI )];JIHTCJI nOJITOpa-]J;Ba Mecsna. EM HeJIb3H rrO,lJ;HIfMaTb TSlmeCTH, nepeHanpSlr8TbCSI, MHOro ABIfraTbCH. H3JIHlliHHe XJIOnOTbI OTpamaIOTCSI Ha COCTOSlHHIf He TOJlhRO Ma Teplf, HO If HOBopom.n;eHHoro. YCTaJIbI:U M8TepHHCKHR opraHH3M He MomeT npOJJ;YIJ,HpOBaTh AOCTaTO'lHoe KOJIH'IeCTBO MOJIORS, 8 ero nOTepH, K8K MbI yme OTMe'I8JIH, HHtIeM He BOCnOJlHlfMa. II BnOJlHe eCTeCTBeHHO, qTO OTeIJ, 6epeT Ha ce6S1 XOTSI 6hJ Ha BpeMH HeKOTopbIe 3a60ThI no YXOAY 3a pe6eHKoM. STO B nepBYIO OqepeAh rrOMOm;h B o6ecne'le- HIfH MaJIblllia 1.IHCTblM 6eJIbeM, Kyn8HHe ero BMeCTe C meHoR, nOKynKa npOAYKTOB, Y'IaCTHe B npHrOTOBJIeHHH IIHIIJ,H. KOJIHqeCTBO MOJIOK8, COCTO.HHHe HepBHoH CHCTeMbI Ma Tepn 3aBHCSlT OT rrOJIHOIJ,eHHOCTH ee CHa. Y pe6eHK8. em;e B pOAHJIbHOM J];OMe BhIpa6aThIBaeTcH CTpeMJIeHHe K nOJIY'IeHHIO rrHW;H rrepHOAH'IeCKH ('tJepea 3-3,5 qaca). II03ToMY OH npOCblrraeTCSI HOtIhlO B 3-4 qaca H H8qHHaeT nJIaK8Th. Ho 3TO - He nnaq rOJIo.n;a. STO BocnOMHH8HHe 0 eAe. EcJIH K pe6eHKY HOqhlO nOAXO,lI;HT MaTb, BocnOMHH8HHSI MrHOBeHHO rrepep8cTalOT B nOTpe6HocTb npHeM8 IIHIIJ,H, nOToMY 'tJTO OT MaTepl1 rr8XHeT BKYCHhIM, TenJIhIM, meJIaHHblM MOJIOKOM. 3TH aarr8XIf pe3KO Boa6Y>KAaIOT MJI8- ,lJ;eHIJ,a, Ii OH 6y AeT IIJIRKa Tb Bce rpOM'Ie, nOKa He H8ChITHTCSI.. MemAY 25 
TeM HO'IHOe KOpMJIeHlle BpeHO " MaJIhIIllY, II MR TePIi. MJIaeHY nOTOMY, 'ITO npenHTcTByeT HO'IHOMY OThIXY nHIIJ;eBapHTeJIbHbIX me- JIea. R YTpeHHeMY KOpMJIeHHIO, CaMOMY 6oJIbIIIOMY H BRmHOMY, ORH He ycrrelOT HRKonllTb He06xOAHMoe KOJIH'IeCTBO ITH.IIJ;eBapHTeJIbHhIX COROB, H YCBoeHlle C'be.n;eHHOH nHH 6y AeT HenOJIHhIM. Ma Tb HO'IHoe KOpMJIeHHe JUllliaeT OT)1;hIxa. IIpH 3TOM HapYlliaeTCH He TOJIbKO HOpMaJIbHaH <PYHRI.UUI n;eHTpaJIbHOll HepBHOH CHCTeMhI, HO II npOAYK- I.J;H.H MOJIOKa. BoT nO'IeMY HO'IblO K pe6eHKY ,u,OJlmeH BCTaBa Tb OTe. OT Hero He naXHeT MOJIOKOM, II ero npH6JIII- meHlle He YCHJIIiBaeT 6ecnOKOHCTBa MaJIhIIlla: BocnOMHHaHHH 0 e.n;e Y Hero 6b1CTpO raCHYT, eCJIIi eMY ,n;a Tb HeCKOJlbKO JIOme'leK KllnHtle- HOll BO):{hI. EcJIIi H rrOCJIe 3TOro MJlaeHe npo- AOJImaeT 6ecnoKoHTbCH, BepoHTHee Bcero, OH MOKphIll. Ero Ha)1;O nepeneJIeHa Tb. KambIii YBamalOIIJ.IIH ce6H OTen; yme B nepBblll ,u,eHb npe6bIBaHII.H pe6eHKa .n;oMa Y'IHTC.H ero rreJIeH8 Th. HaYKa 3Ta HeXlfTpa.H, If OBJIaAeBalOT elO C nepBoro paaa. TpY)1;Hee npaBHJIbHO )J;epmaTb MaJIblllI8 HR PYKax. y oTa, Kor.n;a OH BnepBbIe 6epeT MJIa.n;eHa, PYK" Qpe3MepHo HarrpHrslOTcH II 6hICTPO YCTaIOT. PYKH He 6y,u,YT YCTaBSTb, eCJIH nOJlOmHTb MaJIhIllia Ha corHYTYIO B JIOKTe JIe- BYIO PYKY TaK, ':IT06hI raJIOBKB. ero pacnOJIsra- JIaCb Ha nJle'Ie, meH H llJIe':lHKH - Ha BHYT- peHHeii nOBepXHOCTH JIOKTeBOro crll6s, JIa- )1;OHb rro,u,AepmHBaJIa pe6eHKa BhIllie HomeK, 7 a caM OH CJIema 6hIJI nOBepHYT JlHOM K rpy.n;H (pHC. 7). IIpaBa.H Pyxa rrpH 3TOM MomeT 6b1Tb 7. TIpSBHJIbHOe nOJIOJKeHHe CB060)1;Ha. TaK8.H n03a n03BOJI.HeT MeH.HTb PY- pe6eHKa Ha PYKax XH npH YCTSJIOCTH Ii CB060)J.HOH PYKOH nonpaBHTb 'ITO-JIH6o B o,u,em)1;e pe6eHK8., no)J.- AepmsTb ero Kpen'Ie B He06xo,u,HMblX cllTyaU;HHX. KorAa Mna.u.eHn.a y.n;06HO )1;ep.maT Ha PYKax H XO):{HT C HHM no ROMHaTe, 3TO era ycrro- KSHBseT. BceM 3THM HeCJIOmHbIM .npeMy.u.pocTHMt MomHO HSyqHThC.H B IIIKOJIaX OTn;OBcTBa, KOTophIe opraHH3YIOTCH rrpH AeTcKHx rrOJIHKJIH- BHKax, ropo.n;cKHX )::'(OMax cRHHTapHoro rrpocBew;eHHH, H8 KpynHhIx npe.n;rrpH.HTII.HX. 11 eI.l\ HeCKOJIhKO CJIOB. Ballia meHR, MaTb pe6eHKa, 3B.MeTHO H3MeHHJIaCb. B HeH rrOCeJIHJIC.H rrOCTO.HHHblH CTpax 38 )K1I3Hb H 3)1;0- pOBbe MJIaAeHn;a. Pa3y6em.u.aTh ee 6eCnOJIe3HO. CYMeHTe nOHHTb ee, npO.HBHTe MymCKYIO BbIp;epmKY H TeprreHHe. CTapaHTeCb IIO)J;)J;epmaTb ee 60,ll.pOCTh II orrTHMHCTHqeCKHH B3rJISI,u, H8 6YP;YIIJ.ee. KOpMSI.IIJ;a.H MaTb npo.n;OJImaeT 9CTaBaThCSI >KeHII.1;HHOH. II03TOMY .n;aHTe eH B03Mom- HOCTh 3aHHThCSI C060H, BblHTH Ha JIIO)1;H. STO O.n;HH H3 JIY'IllIHX MeTop;OB .u;OCTHmeHHSI crrOKOHCTBIUI II pOBHoro HaCTpoeHHSI. IIOIIbITaH- u u TeCh e.meAHeBHO BblKpOHTb BpeMH AJISI COBMeCTHOH rrpory JIXH c meHOIi 26 
Ii pe6eHKoM. He 8B8iiTe >KeHe 6paTb MJI8J];eHn:a H8 PYKH HJIlI Be3TH KOJI.HCKY. Ballie BHHM8HHe K HeH Ii MaJIbIIllY C03AaCT XOpoIllHH 3MOIJ.HOHaJIbHbIH <}>OH. BalliH YCHJIHSI - He rrOJJ;BHr. OHH BrrOJIHe eCTeCTBeHHhI. Pe6eHoK 6y JJ;eT rrOJJ;paCTa Tb, H Ballia JJ;OJIH B yxoJ];e 38 HHM YMeHbWHTCS!. Ho BaM H B nOCJIe,ZJ;YlOl..l.\eM npHJ];eTCS! rrepe.u. pa60ToH c6eraTb Ha MOJIOtIHYIO KYXHIO, OTBeCTH pe6eHKa B HCJIH HJIIl eaA, Y JJ;eJIHTb BpeMH, tIT06hI « nO>KHTb RHTepecaMH MaJIbIma., nOHrpa Tb C HHM. IIOMHHTe, HHt.JTO He MO>KeT 38MeHHTb pe6eHKY p8AOCTb o6w.eHHSl C OTD-OM. CBE>KHA B03AYX Oco6eHHOCTH AblxaHHSI AeTeH, npOBeTpHBaHHe, npory nKa Ha B03Ayxe, COH Ha 6anKOHe, nOAroToBKa K "pary nKe, AblxaHHe 'iepe3 HOC, ((ynML\a n 8 KOMHaTe bIxaHHe - OAMH H3 rJIaBHbIX npM3HaKoB mH3HH. OHO 06eCnetIH- BaeT ra3006MeH, nOrJIOm;eHHe KHCJIOPOA8 H3 B03JJ;yxa H BKJIIOt.JeHHe ero B MHorOt.JHCJIeHHhIe CTa)1.HH 06MeHa BelU,eCTB. hIxaHHe AaeT 3Hep- rHIO AJIH npoQ,eccoB >KH3HeAeHTeJIbHOcTH. Pe6eHKY HymHo MHoro aHeprHH .n;JIH aKTHBHoro pOCTa, a CJIe.n;OBa TeJIbHO, H MHoro KHCJIOpO- .n;a AJIH crOpaHHH)) rrHlU,eBbIX BeeCTB. MJIaJ];eHe J];bIIllHT Ot.JeHb qaCTO, nOt.JTH B 3 paa8 tIalU,e, qeM B3pOCJIbIH. J(bIxaHHe Y HOBOP0)K- .n;eHHoro B 06m;eM paBHOMepHoe, HO qaCTOTa ero 6bICTpO H3MeHSIeTCH no)]; BJIH.HHHeM caMbIX He3Ha t.JHTeJIbHbIX BHeIllHHX HJIH BHYTpeHHHX npHt.JHH. C rO)];8MH YBeJIHt.JHBaeTC.H H MeHS!eT «POPMY rpyp;HaH KJIeTK8, paClliHpSlIOTCH AhlXaTeJlbHLle nYTH, B03paCTaeT nOBepXHOCTL JIerKHX. bIxaHHe CTaHOBHTCH pe>Ke, HO r JIy6me. Y BeJIHt.JHBaeTCSI crroc06HOCTb H3BJIeKa Tb H3 B03)1.yxa KHCJIOpOA (B nepHOA HOBOpO>KAeHHOCTH 26 MJI H3 Ka>KAOrO JIHTpa B03Ayxa, B rOA - 71 MJI, B 7 JIeT -133 MJI). IIoTpe6HocTb B KHCJIOpo.u;e Y '1eJIOBeKa pa3Ha.H. CaM8H HH3RaS! B COCTOHHHH rrOKOH, HanpHMep BO BpeMH CHa, caMaS! BbICOKaH rrpH aKTHBHhIX p;BH>KeHH.HX. Y p;eTe:ti B OTJIHt.JHe OT B3pOCJIbIX nperr.HTCTBHSI HOpM8JIbHOMY AhlX8HHIO B03HHK81OT JIert.Je. BhlCOKHH 06MeH Bem;eCTB 38CTaBJI.HeT fiX HCnOJIb30Ba Tb Bce BHYTpeHHHe pe3epBbI. OTCIOAa H Ha PYIlleHHH «PYHKIJ:HH p;hlX8TeJIbHOH CHCTeMbI Y MaJIbIllieH OTMet.JaIOTCH q8CTO. Y HHX JIerKO pa3BHBalOTCJI OCTpbIe BOCnaJIeHH.H BepXHHX JJ;bIX8TeJIb- HhIX nYTeii, 6POHXOB H JIerKHX. B B03.n;yxe COp;ep>KHTCSI 21 % KHCJIOpOAa H He3Hat.JHTeJIbHOe KOJIH- 'IeCTBO yrJIeKHCJIOrO ra3a. IIpH p;blxaHHH t.JeJIOBeK YCB8HBaeT KHCJIOPOA Ii BbIAeJIHeT yr JIeKHCJIhI:H r83. IIo3ToMY B 3aKpbITOM nOMelU,eHHll, r Ae MHoro JIIOp;eH, co.u;ep>KaHHe KHCJIOpo.u;a nOCTeneHHO CHH>KaeTCH. B p;e- peBHHHOM H KHpnHt.JHOM JJ;OMe HeKOTopoe KOJIHt.JeCTBO B03JI;yxa rrpoxo- HT CKB03b CTeHbI, m;eJIH OKOH 11 ABepH. lletlHoe OTOI1JIeHHe BbI3bIBaeT caMbIH HHTeHcHBHbIH 06MeH B03JI;yxa B I10MeeHHH. B meJIe306eToH- 27 
HhlX ,u;OM8X C u;eHTp8JI:bHbIM OTOnJIeHHeM eCTeCTBeHHhIH r83006MeH npOHCXO)J;HT HaMHoro MeAJIeHHee, B CBSl3H C 3THM OqeHh BaJKHO CHCTe- M8THqeCKH rrpOBeTpHB8T:b KOMHaTY, B KOTOpOH HSXOHTCSI pe6eHOK. JIyqIllHH crroc06 npOBeTpHB8HHSI - CKB03HSIK. IIpH 3TOM )J;BH.>KeHHe B03p;yxa B 7 pa3 HHTeHCHBHee 06hIqHOro. CKB03HOH .lIOTOK YHOCHT H qaCT:b rrhlJIH, B3BemeHHoH B B03;ZJ;yxe. CTeHhI, Me6eJIh He ycneB810T OCTblT:b Ii 6hICTpO corpeB81OT BHOB:b nocTynHBIllHH CBemHH B03AYX. Pe6eHKa nepe,u; CKB03HblM npOBeTpHBaHHeM HymHo BhIHeCTH M3 KOMHSThI. EcnH me OH OCTaeTCSI B KpOBaTKe, ero HSO HSKphITh TerrJIbIM OAe.HJIOM. IIpH OTKphITbIX <popTOQKaX HJIH 4>paMyrax B03,D;YX CMeH.HeTC.H no- CTeneHHO. EcJIH IIPH CKB03HOM IIpoBeTpHB8HHH ,D;n.H CMeHbI B03Ayxa P;OCT8TOqHO MHHYT, TO npH OTKpbITOH «popTOqKe HJIH «PP8Myre HymHhI qaCbl. llPH xopoIlleii: IIoro.n;e cPOproqKS MO>KeT 6hITh OTKpbITOH Kpyr- JIbIe CYTKH. Oc06eHHO TIl\8TenhHO npOBeTpHBalOT KOMHaTY Ha HOqh. Bo3P;YX B KOMHaTe, r.n;e HaXOJI.HTC.H pe6eHOK, AOJI>KeH 6h1Th He TOJI:bKO CBe>KHM, HO II qHCThIM. )J;OMaIIIHSUI IIhlJI:b - Bpar pe6eHKa. OH8 He TOJI:bKO 3acopSIeT JIerKHe MaJIhlIlla, HO H COAep>KHT 60JIhIllOe KOJIHqeCTBO MHKpoopraHH3MoB, KOTophle oceAalOT Ha nhl.JIHHK8X. Cpe,lI;H HRX HeM8no 60ne3HeTBopHLIXe JIyqIllHH crroc06 y.u;aJIeHHSI rrhlJIH - y60pKa C IIOMOIU,hlO nhlJIeCOC8. Ho He H3>KHJI ce6.H H CT8phlH BJI8.>KHhlH cnoc06 y60pKH. BJI8:>KH8.H y60pK8 n03BOJISleT OAHOBpeMeHHO Hcnonh30Ba Th p;e3HHcPHIJ;HpYIOI.I.\He cpeJJ;cTB8. llpH 3TOM MeXaHHqeCKOe YJJ;aJIeHHe IIbIJIH .u;OIIOJIH.HeTCSI o6e3aap8>KHB8HHeM MHKp060B. MaKCHM8JIhHhlH 3<p<peKT AaeT COqeTa- HHe 060HX MeroJI;OB 60pb6bI C nbIlIhlO. CHJIbHO 3arp.H3HSIeT B03)J;YX B nOMeIl\eHHH KypeHHe. Ta6aqHhlH P;bIM COAep.>KHT MHoro pa3JIH'tIHbIX SI,u;OBHThlX BeeCTB, KOTOphle oco6eHHo BpeJJ;HO .u;eHcTBYIOT HS PSCTYID:HH )J;eTCKH:H opraHH3M. HHKO- THH OK83bIBaeT MeHhIlle BpeAa C8MOMY KypSlI.I.\eMY, 'IeM pe6eHKY, BJJ;hIX81OllJ,eMY AbIM B HaKypeHHoH KOMHSTe. Ta6s'IHhlH AhiM He TOJIhKO 3arpSl3HSleT B03,l\YX SI)J;OBHTbIMH BeIU,eCTBSMH, HO H 3a.n;ep>KHBaeT npOHHKHOBeHHe Y JIhTpa<pHOJIeTOBhIX JIyqeH, TaK Heo6xoJJ;HMhIX )J;eTSIM. Pe6eHOK .n;OJImeH 6hlB8Tb H HS OTKphlTOM B03.n;yxe. TOJIbKO TeMIIe- paTypa B03Ayxa HHme MHHYC 10° B cpe)J;HeH nOJIoce CTpaHhI .HBJUleTC.H npenSlTCTBHeM .u;JISI npory JIOK C M8JIeHLKHMH AeTbMH. Bo BpeMH npo- rYJIKH .u;eTeH HOCHT H8 PYK8X JIH60 B03HT B KOJISlCKe. HeKoTophIe MaMhI CqHT8IOT, '1TO pe6eHKY Ha PYKax Y,ZJ;06Hee If renJIee. Ho epms Th MaJIhIIll8 Ha PYKaX YTOMHTeJlhHO, H T8K8.H npory JIKa .u;nHTCSI 06hlqHO HeJJ;OJIro. CoBpeMeHHhIe ,n;eTCKHe KOJIHCKH II03BOJISIIOT IIpO- .u;JIHTh BpeMSI rrporYJIKH, npHBJIeqb K 3TOH .pa60Te. naIIY HJIH .u;pyrnx qJIeHOB ceMhH H HCnOJIb30B8 Tb 6aJIKOH .u;nSl pery JISipHOro CHa pe6eHKa H8 B03JI;yxe. COH MJI8.u;eHU;8 H8 6aJlKOHe y.u;06eH H )J;JISI Ma TepH. OHa MomeT CJIep;HTh 38 HUM, He npephIB8S1 p;OMaIIIHHx .n;eJI. BaJIKOHbI Ii JIOp;mHH 3aID:Hw.aIOT pe6eHK8. OT HerrorOAhl (BeTpa, .n;om,ZJ;SI, CHer8), 'qTO paCIllHpSleT B03MomHOCTH npe6hlBaHHH ero Ha CBemeM B03.Ayxe. CoH Ha 6aJlKOHe Xopow, HO nporYJIK8 B KOJISlCKe HMeeT H P;PyrHe P;OCTOHHCTBa: MomHO BbI6pa Th THxoe HJIH 60ra Toe 3eJIeHblO MeCTO (rrapKH, CKBephl, C8AbI), ryJIHTh no YJIHu;aM C MeHhIllHM ,ZJ;BH.>KeHHeM 28 
Tp8HcnopT8, H8KOHeIJ;, YKPhlTbCsr OT 3HOsr HJIJiI 6h1Tb H8 COJIHhlIllKe .... B npOXJI8)J;HhIH eHb. COH HR B03Ayxe C8MhIH KpenKHH H rJIy60KJilH, C8MblH rrOJIe3HhIH. ,D;eTH BO CHe paCTYT. II03TOMY Ha)J;O CTSpaTbC.R M8KCHMaJIbHO npo- JJ;JIHTb HX COH Ha B03yxe. JIeTOM MHome pOAHTeJlH Bhle3>K81OT Ha )J;8 qy , qT06hI pe6eHoK KaK MO>KHO 60JlbIlle 6hIJI H8 B03.n;yxe. Ii 3TO np8BHJIbHO. B JII06bIX YCJIOBHsrX M8J1hIlli .n;OJI>KeH 6hITb Ha CBeJKeM B03Ayxe 5-6 qaCOB e>Ke)J;HeBHO. If qeM MOJlO>Ke pe6eHoK, TeM 60JlbIlle eMY HYJKHO CBe>Kero B03,D;YX8. nepe.n; rrporyJIKOH Ha)J;O npOBepHTb, CYXOH JIH pe6eHoK, npH Heo6xo,n;HMOCTH nepeOAeTb ero. Y JIH'IH8.H Op;eJKA8 38BHCHT OT nOrO,D;hI II ce30Ha, HO OAeBa Tb MJls.n;eHlta CJIe)J;yeT TaK, qTo6h1 OH Mor p;BHraTbCH. )];JISI MaJILIIll8 OqeHb Bpe,n;HO nJIOTHOe 3aKYTblBaHHe B HeCKOJIbKO O)J;eSlJI, Kor)J;a BepxHHH yrOJI O,D;HOro H3 HHX 3aKphIBaeT JIH:U;O. B 3THX YCJIOBIISIX 3a TPY ,n;HHeTCH HOpM8JIbHOe KpoBo06pam.eHHe, HeB03MomHO rJIy60Koe .n;blX8HHe. BhI,D;bIXaeMhlH B03,n;yX CK8nJIHBaeTCSI rro,l\ o.n;esrJIOM H He ycneBaeT 06MeHHB8ThCSI. Pe6eHKY AYlliHO. )];eTeH rrepBhIX MeCSlIJ;eB >KH3HM y,n;06Hee Bcero BhlHOCHTb H8 npo- ry JIKY B cne:QHaJlbHOM KOHBepTe. OH TenJI, XOpOlliO BrrHThIB8eT BJIary, He CTeCHSIeT JJ;BH>KeHHH. O.n;eSlJIO TaKme He CJIe.n;yeT CTHrllBa Tb Tyro. EcJIH n03BOJISleT norop;a, MJI8,n;eHu;a MomHO o,n;eTb B TerrJIbIe KO<pThI C 3amHThIMH pYK8BaMH. Y CT8HOBJIeHO, qTO COH JIyqllle, eCJIH HMeeTCSI B03MO>KHOCTh COBepIIISTb MeJIKHe .lI.BHmeHHSI KOHeqHOCTSlMH. BoJIhHOH pe6eHOK HY>KASeTC.H B rrpory JIKe 60JIbIIIe, qeM 3JJ;OPOBhIH. IIOBhIIlleHHaH TeMnepSTYps TeJIa He SlBJISleTCSI rrpOTHBonOKa3aHHeM K 3TOMY. Ha060poT, CBeJKHH npOXJIa.n;HhIH B03)1.YX - Heo6xoAIIMaSi COCTaBHaSi qaCTh JIeQe6HhIX MepOnpHHTHH. IIpH JII060ii nporYJIKe MaJIbIIll AOJImeH AhIIllaTb qepe3 HOC. IIpH HOCOBOM ALIxallliH B03AYX corpeBaeTCSI, O'IIu.u;aeTCSI OT nhIJIH, YBJIam- HHeTcsr H T8KHM nocTyrraeT B JIerKHe. EcTb eI.IJ;e O,n;HO BaJKHOe 06CTOSl- TeJIbCTBO. IIOCKOJIbKY .n;bIllISTb Qepe3 HOC Tpy,n;Hee, B aKT JJ;hIxaHH.H BKJlI01.IaIOTC.R AOnOJIHHTeJIbHhIe ,lJ;bIX8 TeJIbHbIe MbIlliltbI. rpY)1.H8sr 'KJIeTKa paCIIIHpSleTcsr 60 JIbIlle, 'ITO nOMoraeT cep,n;:QY B BeH03HOM KPOBo06p8eHHH. EcJIH pe6eHoK ,n;hIIllHT Qepe3 pOT, B ern JIerKHe B03,n;yX nocTynaeT XOJIOAHhlM, HeO"llHIl(eHHhIM. K TOMY me CJIJil3HcTasr o60JIoqK8 pTa nOAchIxaeT, c03,n;aBaJi HenpHSITHoe OI.IJ;yw.eHHe. II03TOMY HymHo CJIe)l.HTb, QT06b1 HOC MaJILImS nepe,n; rrpory JIKOH 6hIJI QHCThIM. ECJIH Y pe6eHKa HacMopK If HOCOBoe AhIxaHHe HapymeHo (.38COrreJI HOCHKOMt), l.\eJIeC006pa3HO c03,n;aBsTb .YJIHIJ;Y. B KOMHaTe. M8JIhIWa .HymHo o,n;eTb KaK Ha I1porYJIKY, nOCJIe 1.Iero OTKpbITb B KOMHaTe OK.HO. B 3TOM CJIYQ8e B03AYX B KOMH8 Te 6Y)1.eT cBe»\HM, HO 60JIee TenJIhIM H MeHee nO,ll.BII>KHhIM, qeM Ha Y JIII:u;e. B ,n;eTcKHx ,n;OIllKOJIbHhIX H JIeQe6HhIX yqpemAeHHSlx rroo6HhIe cnporynKH. cOBepmalOTC.H H8 OTanJIHB8eMhIX BepaH).(8x. ,l];JIHTeJIbHOCTb npe6bIBaHlisr pe6eHKa B YCJIOBHSlX .YJIHIJ;hI. B KOMH8Te TaKaSi me, KaK II H8 06hIQHOH npo- ry JIKe. PS3YMeeTcSI, nOCJIe OKOHG:aHHSI TaKoH rrpory JIKH M8JIhIllia MomHO pa3,n;eTb TOJIbKO nOCJIe Toro, K8K B03)1.YX B nOMeeHIfIi rrporpeeTCSI ,n;o 20- 22° . 29 
AJISI rroAOrpeB8 B03)I.yxa IIpll 1I0XOJIO)I.aHHH HJIH BO BpeMSI KynaHIISI XOpOlIIO rrOJIb30Ba TbCSI 3JIeKTpOHarpeBa TeJIeM, TenJIOBeHTHJISlTOpOM, 3JIeKTpOKaMHHOM Ii T. II. BCKAPMI1HBAHHE HA nEPBOM MECSlLI,E )f(H3HH npeHMYL1.\eCTSa >KeHCKOrO MonOKa, nHTaHHe KOpMJltqeH MaTepH, pHTM KOpMneHMR, Heo6xOAHMOe KOnH'IeCTBO nH""H, He6narOnpHRTHOe BnHRHHe npHeMa KOpMJlU4eH MaTepblO neKapCTB, HeAOCTaTOK rpy.qHoro MonOHa - rl1nOranaKTH SI, npH"IHHbI ee B03HMKHOBeHHSI, npocpHnaKTHKa H ne'leHHe, Tpel1\MHbI COCKOB, MaCTHT, caMOMaCCaM< rpYAHblX >Kene3, 3aTpYAHeHHR AnSI rpYAHoro BCt<apMnHBaHHSI co CTOpOHbl pe6eHKa, KOHTponbHble KopMneHHSI, AOHopcKoe rpy.qHoe MonOKO, CMeCH ((Ma- nIOTKa)), ccAeTOnaKT)), ccBHTanaKT)), (CnaAywKa», ttCHMHnaK)), «nHHOnaK», «n...nTTH», C(TYTTenH)), ((6an606eK)), COCKa, cocKa-nycTblwKa MOJIOKO MaTepll co.n;epmllT Bce rrllTaTeJIbHbIe Be IIJ;eCTB a , KOTopbIe HymHbI pe6eHKY, rrpH'IeM B caMOM 6JIarorrpMSlTHOM KOJIliQeCTBeHHOM If KaqeCTBeHHOM COOTHomeHIUI. .BeJIKH meHcKoro MOJIOKa no CBoeMY COCTaBY Hall60JIee 6JIH3KH K 6eJIKaM c06CTBeHHbIX TKaHeH pe6eHKa. OHII CO)I.epmaT Bce m1l3HeH- HO Heo6xOAHMbIe aMIIHOKIICJIOTbI, H XOTSI HX B meHCKOM MOJIOKe 3HaqlfTeJIbHO MeHbIlle, qeM B KopOBbeM, 3aTO 3TO 6eJIKIf crren;H<pIf'IHbIe AJISI qeJIOBeqeCKOrO opraHlI3Ma, oc06eHHO nOJIe3Hble If He06xo)I.HMbIe AJISI pa3BIITHSI pe6eHKa. .iKHpOB B rpY)I.HOM MOJIOKe CTOJIbKO me, CKOJIbKO II B KopOBbeM, HO mHpbI meHcKoro MOJIOK8 YCBaMBalOTCSI opraHH3MOM pe6eHK8 nyqIlle. K TOMY me B HX COCTaB BXO)I.HT .n;OCTaTO'IHoe KOJIHqeCTBO He3aMeHlIMbIX nOJIHHeHaCbIIIJ;eHHbIX mHpHbIX KHCJIOT, KOTopbIe rrOqTli He CHHTe3MpYlOTCSI B opraHH3Me. B KopOBbeM MOJIOKe HX CO)I.epmHTCH M8 JIO. YrJIeBOAOB B meHCKOM MOJIOKe 60JIbIlle. B HX COCTaB BXO,u;SlT oco6bIe BeII.J.eCTBa (13-JIaKT03a), KOTophie 6JIarorrpH.HTCTBYIOT HOp- MaJIbHOMY rrepeBapMBaHHIO MOJIOKa. B KopOBbeM MOJIOKe TaKMX Be- IIJ;eCTB OqeHb MaJIO, 'liTO cnoc06cTByeT pa3BHTMIO B KIIIlle'IHHKe pe6eHKa Bpe)1.HbIX MHKp060B H MomeT HBHTbCSI npli'IIiHOH meJIY Jl,Oq- u HO- KHIlle'lHbIX paCCTpOHCTB. Co.n;epmaIIJ;HeCSl B meHCKOM MOJIOKe BHTaMHHbI M MHHepaJIbHbIe C01l1{ HaH60JIee 1I0JIHO y.n;OBJIeTBOpSlIOT nOTpe6HOCTb paCTYIIJ;erO opraHH3Ma. KaJIbHH II <pOCcPop HaXO)I.SlTCH B HeM B HaMJIyqIllHX COOTHOIlleHlI.HX, rr03TOMY )I.eTH, BCKapMJIHBaeMbIe rpY)I.HblM MOJIOKOM, peme 3860JIeBalOT paXHTOM. AOCT8TOqHO B meHCKOM MOJIOKe COJIeH >KeJIe3a, MeAII, nHHK8., Ko6aJIbTa II )1.Pyrllx MlIKp03JIeMeHTOB, BJIHSI- IOIIJ;HX Ha npOn;eCCbI KpOBeTBopeHMH. B CHJIY 3Toro y )I.eTeH, HaXOAH- IIJ;HXC.H Ha rpy.n;HOM BCKapMJIHBaHMH, MaJIOKpOBlie pa3BHBaeTCSI 3Ha- qHTeJIbHO peme, 'IeM y TaK Ha3bIBaeMbIX HCKYCCTBeHHlIKOB. <I>epMeHTbI MOJIOKa crroc06CTBYIOT JIyqIlleMY lIepeBapliBaHlf10 nHlIli Y'IaCTBYIOT B 06MeHe BeIIJ;eCTB. TpYJI,Hee Bcero nepeBapHBalOT- 30 
CH :>KHPhI, HO B rpY)J;HOM MonOKe H8XO)J;HTCH CrreIJ,H8JIbHbIH cPepMeHT (nHn8aa), KOTOpbIO nOt:lTH BABoe COKpaw;aeT p860TY rro HX YCBoeHHIO. IIpH KHnSlt:leHHH rpy AHoro MonORa STOT <pepMeHT pa3PYlliaeTC.H, 8 B KopOBbeM MOJlOKe ero Bo06m;e HeT. rpYAHoe MOJIORO co,nepmHT aHTHTOKCHHbI H APyrHe HMMYHHbIe TeJIa, KOTophIe CHHJKalOT BoCrrpHHM"lHBOCTb pe6eHKa K HH<peKIJ.HOH- HbIM 38.60neB8HHSlM. .l(eTH, BCKa pMJUfBaeMbIe MOJIOKOM Ma TepH, 60Jle- lOT peme H nert:le nepeHOCSIT aa60JIeB8HH.H, eCJIH OHR cnY'iaIOTC.H. )KeHcRoe MOJIORO, nonY'iaeMOe pe6eHROM np.HMO H3 rpYAH, CTe- pHnbHO, He co,u;epmHT HRRaKHX MHKp060B. HaKOHeIJ" ero TeMnep8Typa COOTBeTcTByeT TeMnep8Type t:lenOBe"leCKOrO opraHH3Ma. .K8K BHJJ;HM, meHCKoe MonOKO HMeeT TaR MHoro rrpeHMyw;ecTB, '1TO HHK8K8H ,n;PyraSl, JJ;a>Ke caMa.s xopOlliaSi HCKYCCTBeHHa.H nHa, npHrOTOBJIeHH8S1 H3 KopOBbero MonOKa HJIH MonORa APyrHx >KHBOT- HbIX, He MomeT C HHM cpaBHHTbCSI. K8>KJJ;OH >KeHIIJ;HHe He06xo,u;HMO rr03a60THTbCSI 0 TOM, t:lT06bI MO- nOKa 6hIJIO MHoro H naKTaIJ.HSI npo,noJImaJIaCb ,u;JIHTeJIbHOe BpeMSI. KOJIH'ieCTBO H COCT8B MOJIORa rro)J;BepmeHbI 3Hat:lHTenbHbIM Kone6a- HHSlM. Ha nOJIHOIJ,eHHOCTb JIaKTaI.J;HH BJIHSleT MHomeCTBO «p8KTOpOB. B rrepBYIO O'iepe,u;b STO nHTaHHe KOpMSlIIJ;eH Ma TepH, pemHM CH8 If OTJJ;hIxa, COCTOSlHHe IJ.eHTpSnbHOH HepBHOO CHCTeMbI, rrporYJIKH. CTpax nOTepSlTb MOJIOKO TaK>Ke MomeT CHH3HTb JIaKT8HIO. ,l];JISI CHHTe38 MOJlOt:lHbIX 6eJIKOB, mHpOB H yrJIeBo,u;OB Heo6xo,u;HMO, t:lT06hI B rrHW;e meHIIJ;HHhI 6bIJIO ,u;BOHHoe HX KOnH"leCTBO. II03TOMY u B nHTaHHe KOpMSlw;eJi M8TepH JI;OnOJIHHTeJIbHO ,u;OJI>KHO BBO,lJ;HTbC.H OKOJIO 30 r 6eJIKOB, 40-50 r mHpoB, 100-110 r yrneBo,u;OB. AnSI SToro B CYTO"lHOM paII.HOHe meHIIJ;HHbI AOJDKHO 6hITb 200 r MSlca, 50 r TBO- para, 600 r MOJlOKa, OAHO o, 50 r Macna, 500 r xJIe6a, 800 r oBoeH (MOpKOBb, KB.nYCTS, JIYK, orypIJ.hI H T. n.). <t>PYKTbI H HrOAbI- 06S13aTenbHhIe COCTaBHhIe t:laCTH paIJ.HOHa. KOJIHt:leCTBO mHAKOCTH YBeJIH"lHBaeTCH K 06hIt:lHOMY npHMepHO Ha CTOJIbKO, CKOJIbKO BbI,u;e- JISleTC.H MOJIOKa B CYTKH. A6cOJIIOTHO 3anpew;alOTCSI cnHpTHhIe Ha- fiHTKR, B TOM t:lHCJle H nRBO, TaK KaK aJIKOrOJIb CB060.D;HO nepeXOJI;HT B MonOKO MaTepH, a KOJIHt:leCTBO MOJIOKa OT rrHBa He YBeJlH'iHBaeTC.H. JKeJIY,lJ;OK pe6eHKa pa60TaeT B CTporOM pHTMe. IIepHoJI; 8KTHBHOH pa60ThI ,n;OJI>KeH CMeHSlTbCSI KpaTKOBpeMeHHbIM OT,lJ;bIXOM. rpYAHoe MOJIOKO rrepeBapHBaeTC.H 3a 2,5 t:laca. TIOJIt:laca Heo6xo)J;HMO meJIy,n;KY AnSI Toro, "lT06hI Hs6paTbcSI CHJI )1.JISJ. HOBoro IJ.HKJIa rrHII.J;eBapeHHSI. BoT nOtleMY rpy,u;Horo pe6em<a HymHo KOpMHTb CTpOro no 'iaCaM C 06S13a TeJIbHbIM HO'iHbIM nepepbIBOM. HO"lblO, KorJJ;a Bce mH3HeHHhIe rrpou;eCChI COBepmalOTCSI B HHOM pHTMe, KorAa B opraHH3Me pe6eHKa aKTHBHO 06pa3YlOTCSI HOBhIe H BOC- CT8HaBJIHBalOTCSI pa3pYIlleHHbIe KJIeTKH, BCSlKoe nocTyrrJIeHlfe rrHW;H HemeJI8TenbHO, TaK KaK OHO MemseT poCTY ManbIllia. Co BTOPOH HeAenH mH3HH KOJIH'leCTBO MOJIOKa, nonYt:laeMOe pe6eH- ROM 3a CYTKH, AOJUKHO 6bITb paBHO 1/5 ero MaCCbI, a .n;JI$i KpynHbIx ,u;eTeH (p0JI.HBIllHXCH C Maccoo 60JIee 4 Kr) - 1/6 MaCChI Tena. JISI orrpeAeneHHSI 06'beMa OJJ;Horo KopMneHHSI CYTO'iHOe KOJIH'ieCTBO MO- nOKa ,u;eJIHTCH H8 6 HJlIt 7 qaCTeH B 38BHCHMOCTH OT pe>KHMa BCKapM- 31 
JIHB8HHSI. 3AOPOBbIX, }J.OHOIlleHHbIX }J.eTeH lteJIeC006pa3HO KOpMHTb Qepe3 3,5 qaca C HOqHhIM nepephIBOM B 6,5 Q8C8. )];eTH ocns6neHHhIe, PO)];HBillHeCSI C MaCCOH TeJIa MeHee 3 Kr, B nepBoe BpeMSI He BcerJ];a MOryT BhICOC8 Th He06xo}J.HMoe HM KOJIHqeCTBO MOJIOKS. AorrYCTHMO B rrepBbIe 2 MeCSIn;8 mH3HH KOpMHTb HX 7 pa3 B CYTKH (qepea 3 qacs c 6-qaCOBhIM HOQHbIM nepepbIBoM), oco6eHHO eCJIH T8KOM pHTM KOPM- JIeHHSI 6b1JI B pO)l.HJIbHOM }J.OMe. HeKoTophIe 3apy6e>KHbIe CneII.HaJIlICTbl CQHT8lOT B03MomHbIM KOpMHTb MJIS}J.eHn;a Torp;a, KorA8 OH Toro nOTpe6yeT. BoJIhIllHHCTBO OTeqeCTBeHHhIX rreAHaTpOB npH}J.ep>KHBaIOTCSI MHeHH.H 0 He06xoAH- MOCTH rro Mepe B03MomHOCTH Co6JIlOAaTh TOT pHTM KOpMJIeHHH, K KOTOPOMY HOBopomAeHHLIH npRBbIK B PO)(HJIhHOM yqpem.n;eHHH. Ho eCJIH M8JIhIlli CHCTeMa THqeCKR rrpochInaeTC.H paHbIlle YCT8HOB- JIeHHOrO cpoKa H Tpe6yeT eCTb HJIH., Ha060poT, BcerAa rrpocbIrr8eT Bpe- M.H KOpMJIeHHH, He CTOHT ero 6Y)1;HTb B CTpOro rrOJIOmeHHble qaCbI KOPM- neHHSI Ii npHKJI8AbIB8 TL K rpY)1;H npOTHB meJI8HHSI HJIH He KOpMHTh, KOr)];8 OH rOJIOAeH. CJIeAyeT yqHThlB8Tb, qTO Bce peKOMeHA8II.HH - 3TO TOJIbKO no- JIe3HhIH CO BeT H He HymHo Bcer}J.a BocnpHHHMaTh HX KaK AHpeKTHBY. Ma Th, nOCTO.HHHO Ha6JIIOaSl 38 pe6eHKOM, :JHaeT ero rop83.n0 JIyqIIIe, qeM Crren;HaJIHCT, OCMOTpeBrrrnii pe6eHK8 0)1;HOKp8 THO IIJIH COBceM He BHAeBIllHn ern. II03TOMY B K8m)1;OM KOHKpeTHOM CJIyqae Bee peKO- MeH)J.8n;HH HymHo COOTHOCHTb C oc06eHHOCTHMH pe6eHK8. HeT He- 06XOJ];HMOCTH C06nIO)1;8 Tb Q8CbI KOpMJIeHHSI C MHHYTHOii TO'iHOCThlO. MomHO J];orrYCTHTb OTKJIOHeHHe B TY HJIH )J;PYrylO CTOPOHY OT YCT8- HOBJIeHHOrO BpeMeHH )1;0 nOJIYt.Iaca. 3TO me OTHOCHTCH H K peKoMeH- J];8n;HSlM no 06'heMY nHH. Pe6eHoK B 3aBHCHMOCTII OT anneTHT8 MomeT B O)J;HO KOpMJIeHHe C'heCTh 60 JIhIlle , B JJ;pyroe - MeHhIlle. TaKHe KOJIe68HHSI eCTeCTBeHHhI, XOTH H He )1;OJImHhI 6hITb Ot.IeHh pe3RHMH. HOpM8JIbHhIMH C'iHT8IOTCSI OTKJIOHeHHH B rrpe)J.eJI8X 20 % OT nOJIOJKeHHOrO rro B03P8CTY KOJIHt.IeCTB8 MOJIOKa HJIH MOJIOt.IHOM CMeCH KaK B CTOPOHY YBeJIHqeHH.H, TaR H B CTOPOHY YMeHbIlleHHSI. C rrepBhIX me )J.HeH BCKapMJUIBaHRSI Heo6xo)J.HMO 06paTHTL BHHM8- HHe Ha TO, qTo6bI pe6eHOK BbICaCbIBaJI Bce MOJIOKO. IIepBbIe nOPltHH MOJIOK8. OC06eHHO 6or8TbI 6eJIKOM, 8 nOCJIe,ZJ;HHe - mHpOM. KpOMe TOro, Ral< yme OTMeqaJIOCb, ceKpeTopHaSl <PYHKHSI MOJIOQHhIX meJIe3 (MOJIOKOO6p830B8HHe) C8MhlM TeCHhIM 06p830M CBSl3aHa C 3KCKpeTOp- HOft - MOJIOKOOTAaqeH. H8H60JIee 'IaCTO OillH6RH BO BCKapMJIHB8HHIf BCTpe'tJaIOTCSI H8 Tpe- TheH HeAeJIe, Kor)J.8 y HeKOTophIX iKeHHH Kp8TKOBpeMeHHO CHH- maeTCSI JI8KTaU;H.H. B 3TH )J.HIf pe6eHKa B O,ZJ;HO H TO me KopMneHHe npHKJl8AblBalOT K O,ZJ;HOH, 8 nOTOM H K ,ZJ;pyroii rpY)1;H. IIonHoH MOJIOKO- OT,ZJ;aqll npH aTOM HeT, H KOJIH'IeCTBO MOJIOK8 rrpOAOJIJR8eT CHHJRa TbC.H 6b1CTpblMH TeMrr8MH. QTo6bI 3Toro He CJIyqHJIOCb, He06xo,ZJ;HMO IIPH- KJIa.n;bIB8Tb pe6eHKa Ka>K)J;oe KOpMJIeHHe TOJIhKO K OJ];HOH rpY)J;H, 8 OCTRBIlleecSI B rpy AM MonOKO rrOCJIe COC8HH.H cemllBa Th 11.0 rrOJIHoro onopOmHeHH.H. IIp11'tJHHOM HeJ];OCTaTOqHOrO KOJIH'IeCTBa MOJlOKa MorYT 6bITh 3a60- neB8HHe MarepH, HapymeHlle <pOpMbI If BeJIllqHHhl COCKOB, ccaAHHbI 32 
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KJI8AKY. OHa CBo60AHO npo.z:r;aeTCSI B arrTeKe. TIpH He OqeHb 60JIe3- HeHHb!X TpeIIJ;HHaX MO>KHO nonpo60B8TL MeToA KOpMJIeHHH -H3-no,n; PYKHt. Pe6eHK8 .n;epmHT IIOMOIIJ;HHK H nOHocHT ero K rpy.n;H M8TepH c3aAH: K rrpaBoH rpYAH - cnpaBa, K JIeBOH - CJIeB8. TYJIOBHe pe6eHKa rroMem;aeTcSl Y Ma TePI?- no MLIlliKOH, HomKH 38 cnHHOH. IIpH T8KOM MeToe KOpMJIeHHSI pe6eHoK BO BpeMSI cocaHHH He pac- lIIHpHeT TpeIIUiHY, 06pa30B8BIIIYIOCH, Kor A8 MaJIhlW rr pHKJI8)J.hIBaJIC.H K rpY)I;1I 06b1't1HbIM nYTeM. II pH 60JIbIllHX H O'IeHb 60JIe3HeHHhlX TpeHH8X npHKJI8.n;b1B8Tb pe6eHKa K rpYAH BpeMeHHO (Jo HX 3a- »tHBJIeHHH) HeB03MomHO. B TaKOM CJIY'tIae MOJIOKO HymHo 8KKypaTHo, He TpaBMHpYH COCK8., cu;e)J;HTb B npOKHTISp,{eHHYIO nocy /l.Y H KOpMHTb 11M pe6eHKa 6e3 reIIJIOBOH o6pa60TKH. TpeHHbI H cca.n;HHhl COCKOB Tpe6YIOT cneIJ,H8JIbHOrO JIeqeHHH. Hx peKOMeH.n;yeTcSI 2-3 pa3a B )1;eHb CMa3h1B8Tb 1 % cnHpTOBLIM paCTBopoM 6pHJIJIH8HTOBOH aeneHH, 5 % CHHTOMHIJ.HHOBOH 3MYJIbCHeH, 0,2 % ypaU;HJIHHOBOH Ma3blO, COKOM KaJIaHX03, HaCTOHKOH H Ma3bIO KaneH.n;YJIbI, 2 % MaCJISlHbIM paCTBOpOM XJIOpOHJIJIHnTa. IIocJIe KOpMJIeHHSI COCOK cneAyeT XOpOllIO npocymHTb H8 B03)1;yxe, TpeHHLI 06pa60TaTb OAHHM H3 rrepeqHCJIeHHblX JIeqe6HhlX cpe.a.CTB If 38KphlTb COCOK CTepHJIbllOH MapJIeBOH CaJIcPeTKoii. eJIeC006pa3Ho rrpOBeCTH 06JIYQeHHe MOJIO'IHOH meJIe3h1 KBapn.eM. KpoMe TOro, qTO TpeHHhI H3-3a 60JIe3HeHHocTH npenSlTCTBYIOT HOpMaJILHOMY rpYAHOMY KOpMJIeHHIO, t.Iepe3 HHX B TKaHb rpy.n;HoH >KeJIe3bI MorYT JIerKO npOHHKHYTb 6oJIe3HeTBopHble MHKpoopraHH3Mhl, BCJIeACTBHe t.Iero pa3BHB8eTCSI rHoHHoe BOCIIanHHe meJIe3hl (M8CTHT). MacTHT - HHeKn.lioHHo-BOCnaJIHTeJIbHOe 3860neBaHHe MOJIOqHOH meJIe3hI, corrpOBom)J.81OIIJ;eeC.H 06JJ.J;HMH 60JIe3HeHHhlMH rrpO.HBJIeHH.RMH (rOJIOBHaH 60JIb, CJIa60CTb, 3Hat.IHTeJIbHOe nOBblweHHe TeMnepaTypbl TeJIa). IIpH nOBepXHOCTHOM MaCTHTe, KorAa OTMeqaIOTC.H rrOKpaCHeHHe If 6oJIe3HeHHOCTb OTAeJIbHbIX yqaCTKOB KomH, 8 npH OII.J;ynbIBsHHH meJIe3bI B rJIy6HHe ee HeT IIJIOTHOro C<pOpMHpOBaBmerOC.H Oqar8 BOCn8JIeHII.R, rpy.n;Hoe KOpMJIeHHe MomHO npOAOJImaTb, rrpHKJIa)l;hlBaSi pe6eHK8 K 3AOPOBOH rpYAH. MOJIOKO H3 60JIbHOH meJIe3bI He06xoJJ;HMO Cu;e>KHBa Tb, HO pe6eHKY He )l;aBa TL H3-3a B03MO>KHOCTH 3srpSl3He- HII.H ero 6SKTepHSJIbHOH HHcPeKltHei:i. B cnyqae JJ;aJIbHeHIllero pa3BHTJI.H 3a60JIeBaHH.H, Kor,z:r;a B MOJIOqHOH meJIe3e Ha t.IHHaeT onpe)l;eJISlTbC.R O'IeHb 60JIe3HeHHbIH Y'ISCTOK ynJIOT- HeHH.R, rpYJJ;Hoe KOpMJIeHHe BpeMeHHO rrpHxo.n;HTC.R npeKp8THTb, TaK K8K B MOJIOKe H3 60JIbHOH meJIe3h1 MomeT 06HapymHBaTbCSI npHMeCh rHOSl, B03MO>KHO npOHHKHOBeHHe B036y HTeJISI 3860JIeB8.HHSI H B MO- JIOKO H3 3.n;OpOBOH rpYAH. IIpo)1;oJImHTb rpYAHoe KOpMJIeHHe pa3- pelliseTCSI (eCJlli COXpaHHJIOCb MonOKO) nOCJIe nOJIHoro BbI3JJ;opOBJIe- HliSl, JIY'Ime nocne 6aKTepHOJIOrn'IeCKoro HCCJIe.z:r;OBaHH.R MOJIOKa, rrpH KOTOpOM 6y.n;eT YCT8HOBJIeHO OTCYTCTBHe B HeM 6aKTepH8JIbHOH <pJIOpbl. HH'ITO He JJ;OJUKHO OTBJIeKaTb BHHMaHHSl MJIaAeHa OT KOpMJIeHH.H. Aa>Ke B nepBhle AHH OH qYTKO pesrHpyeT Ha 3MOHOHaJIbHOe COCTOSl- HHe MaTepH, a K MeC.RqHOMY BoapaCTY 06hI"lHO OTKS3bIBaeTC.R coeaTb 36 
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COCKH. 'EcJIH ero AeJI8Th paCKaJIeHHOH HrJIOH, Tor8 OHO rrOJIYT.JaeTCSI KpyrJIbIM H He crraAaeTcSl rrpH H8,n8BJIHB8HHll. OTBepCTHe He AOJImHO 6hITh 60JIhIllHM, HH8 tie M8JIhlIll 6y p,eT a8xJIe6bIB8 ThCSI, He ycneBaSl npOrJIaTbIB8Th 06HJIbHO H3JIHBalOI.I..J.YIOCSl >KH,nKOCTb. IIpH HOpM8JIbHOM OTBepCTHH H3 orrpOKHHYTOH rOpJIhIlliKOM BHH3 6YThIJIKH MOJIOKO BbI- TeK8eT KanJISlMH, a He CTPYHKOH. .D:epmaTb 6YTbIJIOtiKY HymHo TaK, T.JT06bI rOpJIOBHH8 ee Bce BpeMSI 6hIJI8 nOJIHOCTblO aanOJIHeHa MOJIOKOM, T.JTO npe;:r;ynpemAaeT rrOIIaaHHe Boa;:r;yxa B meJIy;:r;OK pe6eHKa. IIo3- , , , , , Sa 86 8. npSBHJIbHoe nOJIOmeHHe 6YTblJIO'lKH np" KOpMJle- HHH (a. 6. 8. 2. 0) 8r 8B 8,0; TOMY 6YThlJIOtlKY HeJIb3S1 BbInYCKaTb 113 PYKH, He06xoHMO rrOCTOSlH- HO (rro Mepe BhICaCbIBaHHSl MOJIOKa) MeHHTb ee H8KJIOH, tIT06bI B03YX He nOrr8JI B COCKY (pHC. 8). CJIe,u;yeT YtlHThlBaTb, 'tJ:TO OT 'tJ:8CToro KHrrSl'tJ:eHHH COCKH 6hICTpO H3H8IllIIB81OTCSI II OTBepCTIUI B HHX CT8HOBSlTCSI 60JIbIllHMH. IIo3ToMY COCKH rrepHOJJ;H'IeCKH H8,nO 3aMeHSlTb HOBhIMH. KOpMJIeHHe 'tJ:epe3 COCKY a8KaH'tJ:HBaeTCSI BO BTOpOM rrOJIyroAHH, M8JIhIlli H8 tlHH8eT eCTb C JIOmet.JKH II rrHTb 113 T.JalliKH. llpH HCKYCCTBeHHOM BCKapMJIHBaHHH pe6eHK8 He06xOAHMO rrpH- 06peCTll MHHHMYM )J.eCSITOK 6YTbIJIO'tJ:eK C .n;eJIeHHSlMH, 'tJ:T06hI MomHO 6bIJIO 'IeTKO )I;03HpOBa Tb KOJIH'tJ:eCTBO CMeCH, BOJ(bI, 8 B AaJIbHeHlIIeM Ii COROB. HymHo HMeTb HeCKOJIbRO BOpOHO.K, cHTe'tJ:Ko, AOCT8TOtIHOe KOJIH'IeCTBO COCOK. Hx CJIeyeT emeHeBHo KHrrSlTHTb B CrreHaJIbHO BbI.n;eJIeHHOH )1.J1S1 3TOH eJIH KaCTpIOJIe. BYTbIJIO'tJ:KH CTaBSlT B Ka- CTplOJIIO rOpJIhlllIK8MH BHH3 H H8JIHB8IOT B Hee BOAY. KHrrj{qeHHe npOAOJImaeTC.H 5 MHHYT. COCRH meJIa TeJIhHO KHrr.HTHTb B OT AeJIhHOH KaCTplOJIe C KphIlliKOH. QT06bI OHM He HCrrOpTHJIHCh, .n;OCTaTO'tJ:HO KH- 45 
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nOKa3aTh yqaCTKOBOMY .z:r;eTCKOMY Bpaqy II npOKOHCYJIbTllpOB8TbCH C HIlM rro 3TOMY Bonpocy. K Ha '{aJIY 3aHHTllH no IIJIaBaHHIO MaJIhIlli OJImeH 6hITb 3AOPOBhIM. B aJIhHeHmeM Bpa q H86JIIOaeT 38 HHM q8e, qeM 06hIQHO. OXBaTIITb 06yqeHHeM nJI8BaHHIO Bcex .n;eTeu rrepBhIX MeCaIJ;eB mH3HIf <PYHKIJ;HOHHPYIOIIJ;He B H8CTOaIIJ;ee BpeMSi 68C- u ceHHbI npH eTCKHX nOJIHKJIHHHK8X, K com8, JIeHHIO eIIJ,e He MorYT. II03TOMY OHH AOJImHbI HrpaTh pOJIh MeTOAHqeCKHX IJ;eHTpOB 110 06y- qeHHIO pOAHTeJIen AaRHOMY BH.z:r;y 38KaJIHB8HHSi .n;eTen. Po.z:r;HTeJIII K Ha q8JIY 06yqeHHa MJIa.n;eHIJ;eB nJIaBaHHIO )J;OJImHbI OBJI8AeTb MeTO.ltHKOU npOBep;eHH.H a8HaTHH, OTp86oT8Tb TeXHHKY no.n;- )J;epmeK Ii npoBo.n;oK CHat.JaJI8 C nOMOIIJ;hlO KYKJIhI Ha CTOJIe 6e3 BOAL!, nOTOM B BaHHe, II TOJIbKO nOCJIe 3Toro MomHO npHcTynaTb K 3aH.HTH.HM C M8JIbIlliOM. 38p8Hee CJIe.n;yeT nO)J;rOTOBHTb AJIa 3Toro BO.n;.H- u u u HOU TepMoMeTp, q8HHHK HJIH KYBIllHH JISi aarr8ca TenJIOH BO.n;bI, neCOt.JHble t.JaChl, MbIJIO, npOCTLIHIO, nOJIOTeHIJ,e, HrpymKH, IIJI8B81OII.J,He H nOTOnJI.HeMbIe. 06yqeHHe nJI8BaHHIO AeTeH paHHero B03paCTa COCTOHT "3 5 nepll- OAOB, KamAhIH H3 KOTOphlX liMeeT CBom nporpaMMY Ii npo.n;OJImH- TeJIbHOCTb. Pe6eHOK .n;OJImeH rrOCJIe.n;OB8TeJIbHO nponTH HX Bce. Ii rrOKa OH He OBJI8.n.eeT B COBepmeHCTBe nporpaMMOH O)J;Horo nepHO)1;a, HeJIb3.H nepeXO)J;HTh K nOCJIe.n;YIOm;eMY. H8H60JIee CJIOmeR rrepBhIn rrepHoA. OH BKJIlOqaeT 25-30 aaH.HTHH H rrpeCJIe.n;yeT IJ;eJIb a8KaJIHBaHH.H MJI8)J;eHIJ;a H BbIpa60TKH Y Hero cnoc06HOCTH 6e3 60SI3HH 6apaXT8TbC.H B nOAorpeTOH BOAe. qT06hI pe6eHOR qYBCTBOBaJI ce6.H B BOAe crrOKOH- Hee H YBepeHHee, H8 nepBhIX 38H.HTH.HX BMeCTe C HHM B BaRHe H8X0.ltIITCH II MaTb. 3TO nOMoraeT MaJIbIIlly'rrOJII06HTb T8KYIO BOAHYIO npou;eAYPY. HeCKOJIbKO rrepBhIX 38H.HTHH H8Q8JIbHOrO nepHO)J;8 JIYQIlle rrpo- BeCTH B CneIl,H8JIbHO )J;JIa 3Toro 060PY)J;OB8HHhIX B8HHax npH 6acceHHe )1.eTCKOH rrOJIIIKJIHHHKH, r.n;e OIIhlTHhIH MeTOHCT 06Y1.IHT po.n;HTeJIeii TeXHHKe OCHOBHhIX nO)J;AepmeK H BHmeHHH B Bo.n;e, 8 ceCTp8-M8CC8- mHCTKa - rrpe.n;B8pHTeJIbHOMY KOMnJIeKCY M8ccam8 H rHMHaCTHKH. 38TeM 2-4 HeAeJIH 38HaTHH MomHO npOAOJImaTb B oM8mHeH B8HHe, rrOCJIe Qero CJIe.n;yeT BHOBh noceTHTb 6acceHH .n;eTcKoH nOJIHKJIH- HHKH, QT06hI TaM npOBepHJIH, np8BHJIbHO JIH BhInOJIHSIeTCSI MeToAR'Ka o6YQeHIi.H llJIaBaHHIO MaJIhIIll8, .n;8JIH 38A8HHe H8 CJIeAYIOHH nepHoA II nOMor JIH ero OCBOHTb nOA KOHTpOJIeM MeToAHcTa. EcJIJ.i Ma Tb XOpOlliO BJI8.n;eeT MeTO.n;HKoH, pe6eHKa AOCT8 TOqHO rrpHHocHTb B nOJIHK- JIHHHKY 1 p83 B Mecau;, Kora nOAXOAHT CpOK nOJIyqeHHSI HOB oro 3a)J;aHHSI. ECJIJI B TeppHTOpH8JIbHOii AeTcKoH nOJIHKJIHHHKe 68cceHH8 HeT, MomHO, nOCOBeTOBaBIllHCb C yqaCTKOBhIM .n;eTCKHM BP8QOM, H8QH- HaTb 3aHSITHSI B AOMalIIHeH BaHHe caMOCTOSlTeJIbHO. ITepe.n; K8JKAbIM 38H.HTHeM BaHHYIO KOMHa TY 11pOBeTpHBaIOT, 8 B8HHY MOIOT rOpHqeH Bop;oii, I.I1,eTKO:H C MhIJIOM. TaKHM me 06pa30M o6pa6aTbIBalOT H HCIIOJIb3yeM.hIe rrpH 3aHaTHH npeAMeTbI, HrpYlliKH. BOA8 B BaHHe AOJImHa 6hITb a6COJIIOTHO QHCTOH. 3aHHTHH rrpOBO- ASITCSI eme.n;HeBHO, B OAHO H TO me BpeMSI, 38 Q8C AO KOpMJIeHHSI HJIH qepea TaKoif me HHTepBan BpeMeHH nOCJIe Hero, JIYQIlle B nepBYIO rrOJIOBHHY AH.H. 3aHSlTHH AOJImHbI rrpHHOCHTb pe6eHKY paJJ;OCTb, y AOB- 48 
JIeTBOpeHHe. C MaJIbIlliOM He06xo,nHMO BCe BpeMSi pa3rOB8pHBaTb, HanpaBJUUI ero ,n;eHCTBH.H. .6oJIee nOJIHOn;eHHbI aaHSiTHH, COrrpOBO>K- ,n;aeMbIe HerpOMKOH MeJIO.D;H'tJHOH MY3bIKOH. IIpO,lI.OJI>KHTeJIbHOCTb rrep- Boro 38H.HTHSi -10-15 MHHYT, aaTeM KamAblH ,lJ,eHb ee CJIe.n;yeT YBeJIH'tJHBaTb Ha 10-15 ceKYHA. TeMrrepaTypa BO,lJ,bI rrpH rrepBbIX 38- H.HTHHX -37 0 . IIOCTerreHHO OHa CHHJKaeTC.H Ha O,5. MO.>KHO npHMe- H.HTh CJIe,nYIOIItYIO cxeMY 3aH.HTliM B rrepBOM rreplfOAe: rrpO,lJ,OJImHTeJIb- HOCTh nepBblX 5 aaH.HTHR - OT 11 ,lI.0 15 MHHYT rrpH TeMrrepaType BOAbI 37 0 , CJIe,lI.YIOI.IJ.HX 4-16-18 MHHYT rrpM TaKOH me TeMnepaType BO)];bI, 10-12-ro 3aHSlTHH -19-20 MHHYT nplI TeMnepaType BO.n;bI 36,5°, 13-15-ro - COOTBeTCTBeHHO 21-22 MJlHYTbI rrpH 36°, 16-19-ro- 23-24 MHHYTbI npH 35°, 20-22-ro -25-27 MlIHYT npH 34,5°, 23-25-ro -28-30 MHHYT rrpH 34°. OrrycKalOT pe6eHKa B BO)];Y, nOKa OH He npHBbIKHeT K 3TOMY, OqeHb OCTopomHO, CTapa.HCh He HcrryraTb. BO.n;bI B BaHHY B nepBbIH Me- C.H aaH.HTHH HaJIHBalOT HeMHoro. EcJIH pe6eHOK HecnOKoeH, 3aHSlTIUI rrpepbIBalOTC.H H npO,lJ,OJI>KaIOTC.H JIHIlIb Tor.n;a, KorAa OR ycrroKOIiTCH. llPH nepBbIX 5-6 3aH.HTH.HX B .u.OMaIllHJlX YCJIOBlISiX MaTh CHAHT B BaHHe C BbIT.HHYTbIMH HoraMH cnHHoH K rOJIOBHoMY ee KOHqy. IIepeA 3THM eH, KOHe'tJHo, Ha.u.o rrOMbITbC.H C MbIJIOM no)]; .n;ymeM. Pe6eHoK norpymaeTC.H B BOAY B ropH30HTaJIbHOM rrOJIO)KeRJ.IH Ha Crrl1He TaK, 'tJT06bI HaJJ. BO.n;OH OCTaBaJIOCb TOJIbKO ero JIHqo. C HHM BblnO.il- HHeTCH HeCKOJIbKO rrpOCTeHIllHX ynpa.>KHeHHH. Ho rrpeJKJJ.e qeM K HHM npHcTynHTb, He06xo.n;HMO OCBOHTb pa3JIH'tJHbIe BHAbI rrOAAep)KeK Ma- JIbIllia B BO,lI.e. IIOA,n;el- >KKa «COJIAaTHKOM. BbIrrOJIHHeTC.H CHASIeH B B8HHe M8- Moit JIeBa.H PYKa no.n;,nepJKHBaeT rOJIOBY JIemarnero Ha crrHHe rrorre- peK BaHHbI pe6eHKa, rrpaBaa 06XBaTbIBaeT cBepxy HJ.i)KHlOlO qaCTb TY- JIOBHIIta (pHC. 9). IIo.D;.l\epmKa ..nO.D;BO.D;HOH nO.D;YlIIKoH»: PYKII Cll.n;suI.'(,eii B BaRHe Ma- TepH BbIT.HHYThI Brrepe.n;, JIaAOHH coe.n;HHeHbl MH3HHaMJ1 BHYTPb, 60JIbIllHMlI rraJIbqaMH Ha Pymy. Pe6eHoK JIe.>KIfT Ha CrrJfHe no AJUIHe BaHHbI If pacnOJIaraeTCa Ha BbITHHYTbIX PYKax Ma TepH, rOJIOBa ero yrrHpaeTC.SI en B rpYJ];b; coe.n;IfHeHHbIe JIa,lJ,OHH Ha IIepBbIX 38HSITIUIX IIOABOJ];.HTCSI rrOA 6e.n;pa MJIaeHa9 rr03me no.n; Ta3, nOTOM rro)J; crrHHY, H B KOHIJ,e nepBoro rrepHO,lJ,a - rroJI, 3aTbIJIOK (pHC. 10). . OT .n;bIX B nOJIYBepTHKaJIbHOM rrOJIOmeHHIf)) ocym;eCTBJIHeTC.H npl1 corHYTon B JIOKTeBOM CYCTaBe rro)); rrpSlMbIM yr JIOM JIeBOM PYKe CHASlIIteH B BaHHe MaTepH. CrrHHKoii n 3aTbIJIKOM pe6eHoK orrM- paeTcSI Ha ee rpYAb If nJle'tJo. CBo6o,lJ,HOii npaBoi{ PYKOM MaMa nOJIHBaeT ero rOJIOBKY BOAon nJIll IIOKa3bIBaeT eMY HrpYlliKH (pJfc. 11). IIo,lI.AepmKa . ABOiiHbIM 3aMKOM J) B rrOJIOmeHHH Ha crrUHe: 3a TbIJIOK JIemaero H8 crrllHe MaJIbIma HaXO)J;HTC.H Ha IIpeIIJIeqbSIX 11 JIyqe- 3arrHCTHbIX CYCTaBax BbITHHYTbIX PYK Ma Tepll, HaKJIOHHBIlleMcH H8JJ- BaHHoH. Jla)I.OHJf rrOABeAeHbl rrOA CIIHHY pe6eHKa, TaK 'tJTO 60",'bllIHe naJIbbI OXBaTbIBalOT cBepxy ero IIJIeqH (pJfc. 12). I1oA,n;epmKa ABOMHblM 38MKOMJ) B nOJIOmeHHH Ha rpYJ];H BhIrrOJI- H.HeTC.H KaK If rrpeAbIAYIItaSl, TOJIbKO JIa)J;OHH MaTepn HaXOAHTCH nOA rpYAbIO pe6eHKa, a 60JIbIDHe naJIbI.J;bI OXBaTbIBaIOT cBepxy nJIeqn II t9 
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OCHOBOH npe.Aynpem.n.eHH.H rHOllHO-BOCnaJIHTeJIbHoro nOpanteHHSl KO>K1i SIBJISIeTCSI CTpO.m8HIllee C06JI1OAeHHe HCTOTbI: TaTeJIbHOe MhITbe PYK nepe.n; rrpHKOCHOBeHlIeM K TeJIY MaJIbIIlla, H,ZJ;eaJIbHa.H tj]{CTOTa ero KOmI!, 6eJIbSl, nOCTeJIH. PemUM J1;HSI pe6eHKa CKJI8JJ;bIBaeTCSI 113 qepeAOBaHHSi KOpbIJIeHHSi, 60.z:tPCTBOBaHIU! Ii CHa (pliC. 22) Ii OTpantaeT nOCJIe,n:OBaTeJIbHOCTb eCTeCTBeHHO TeKyr.u;nx npou.eCCOB >KH3He.u;e.HTeJIbHOCTH. Bee npou,eCChI B opraH1I3Me qeJIOBPKa RpaTHbI CYTOt:lHhIM (u,lipKaJJ;HbIM) pHTMaM 3TO ........... .......... ............ ........... ........... .......... .. . .. . . .. .. .. .. . .. .......... ........... ............. ........... .......... ........... .......... KOPW1EHHE 60JlPCTBOnAiiHE HO'I-IoM COH ,ll,HEBHoA COH OoOOoJO 000 0 .., 0 0000000 o 0 0 0 0 0 ;)000000 000000 0000000 000000 KYrwiME 22. CYTOqHbIH pHTM ,D.BYXMeC.JI'IHOrO pe6eHKa 6nOJIOrHQeCK8.SI 3aKoHoMepHocTb, B03HHKllIaH BCJIe,lI.CTBHe Bpaw.eHH.H nJIaHeTbI. CBeTJI8SI If TeMHaSI t:laCTH CYTOK 06YCJIOBJIHBalOT nOA'beM Ii CHHmeHHe 06MeHa BeecTB. nepHOAhI pacna,na nHI..UeBhIX Bew.ecTB 11 BbIp;eJIeHliSi 3HeprHH 3aKoHoMepHo CMeH.HIOTC.H nepHo;:r;aMH HaKOITJIe- HJUJ 3HeprHH, cTpOHTeJIhCTB3 HOBhIX KJIeTOK. IIpHH.HTO HaqHHaTb OTCQeT CYTOt:lHOrO pHTMa c rrepBoro YTpeHHero KOpMJIeHIUI, He3aBM- CHMO OT Toro, 6y AeT JIll OHO rrpoBoAHTbCSI B 6 qaCOB, 6 'iaCOB 30 MlIHYT HJUf 7 Q8COB. rJIaBHOe, 'tJT06bI OHO ocym:eCTBJI.HJIOCh B OAHO II TO me BpeMSI. KOpMJIeHHe OCTaeTC.H BeAYHM B pHTMe Bcero AH.H. llocJIe KOpMJIeHHSI MaJIbllII 60APcTByeT B Te'leHHe t:laca. QTo6bI pe6e- HOK He YCHYJI, rrOCJIe KOpMJIeHH.R em Ha;:r;o pa3BepHYTh nOKa3aTh eMY rrorpeMYIllKlt y nOBOAHTb HMH rrepe,n rJIa3aMH, norOBopHTh C HJiM. Qepe3 HeCKOJIbKO AHeM 6y AeT 3aMeTeH 3<l><l>eKT. HaChITIIBIIIlICh, 60 
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rOTOB.HTC.H OHH K8K OCBeTJIeHHbIMli (6e3 M.HKOTli), TaK II HeOCBeTJIeH- HhlMlI, C M.HKOTblO. Ha BTOpOM MeCHe ./KlI3Hli peKoMeHAyeTcSI HCrrOJIb30BaTb COKli OCBeTJIeHHbIe. Mx J];alOT pe6eHKY B KOHI(e KOpMJIe- HIUI nOCJIe OTH.HTH.H ero OT rpY)1,M. I{ KOHY BToporo MeC.Ha mH3Hli pe6eHKY MomHO .u.aTb HeMHoro <PPYKTOBoro rrlOpe. Y)1.06HO lICnOJIb30B8Tb .u.eTCKHe «PPYKTOBbIe HJIII cPPYKTOBO-,RTOAHbIe KOHcepBhI, Ha 6aHOt.J:Kax KOTOpbIX YKa3aHO, t.J:TO OHJI rrpeAH83Ha qalOTC.H ,lI.JISI .n;eTeii rrepaoro rO)1,a mM3HH. OHH OqeHb TOHKO H3MeJIb't..leHbI (roMoreHH3HpOBaHbI), 't..ITO 06JIer1.J:aeT HX rrepeBapn- BaHlle II YCBoeHlie. Ha 3TlIKeTKax 6aH01.J:eK C )1,eTCKHMM <PPYKTOBbIMli IIIope IIo,npo6HO M3JIOmeH HX COCTaB, IIHT8TeJIbHaH IJ,eHHOCTb, npa- BHJI8 xpaHeHH.H II yrroTpe6JIeHH.R, CpOK rO)1,HOCTH. B HeKOTophIe p.,eT- CKMe cPPYKTOBbie rrlOpe B IIpoecce npOH3Bo.n;CTBa BBO)1,HTC.H caxap, MOJIORO MJIM CJIHBKII, 0 1JeM TOme co06aeTCSI lia 3THKeTKe. BJIaro,u;apH rrpllMeHeHHIO OC06bIX TeXHOJIOrHt.J:eCKliX rrpHeMOB B p.,eT- CKUX <PPYKTOBhlX KOHcepBax coxpaHSIIOTCSI Bce BllTaMIfHbI, <pepMeHTbI Ii ,n;pyrlIe IIOJIe3HbIe KOMnOHeHTbI, CO)1,ep)KaHeCH B HCXO.n;HbIX npo- )1,YKTax, 1.J:ero HeB03MomHO AOCTIf't.lb rrpH AOMalliHeM lIX H3rOTOBJIeHlIli. Oco6eHHO 11,eHHbI AeTCKlfe <PPYKTOBbIe KOHcepBbI B Te rrepllOJJ;bl ro.u.a, Kor)J.a OTCYTCTBYIOT CBemn:e cPPYKTbI n srrO.ll.bI. BbInYCKaIOTCSI OHli B CTeKJIHHHbIX 68HOQKaX eMKOCTblO 200-250 MJI. IIpOAYKT B 6aH01.J:Ke CTepHJIeH .11 He Tpe6yeT HIIKaKon AOnOJIHlITeJIbHOM TenJIOBOR 06- , paOOTKIl. ITpHY1JaTb pe6eHKa K <PPYKTOBOMY nlOpe CJIe.n;yeT nOCTeneHHO, Ha \{HHa8 C nOJIOBliHbI t.J:aRHoH JIO)KKH II .lI.06aBJISISI TaKoR )Ke 06'beM emeAHeBHO. ,l1;ByxMeC.Ht.J:HbIH ManbIlli MomeT nOJIY't..InTb 4-6 't..IallHbIX JIOmeK cPPYKToBoro llIOpe, KOTOpbIM, KaK If COKOM, 3aKaHt.J:UBaIOT KOpMJIeHue. Me>KJI,Y KOpMJIeHlfSiMli CJIep.,yeT rrORTb MaJIbIllia KHrrSIt.J:eHOH BOJl,OH no 2-3 1.J:aHHbIe JIO)Ket.J:Kli. B CYTKH 3TO COCTaBHT 50-70 r. B mapKlfe JIeTHHe JJ;Hlf KOJIH'lfeCTBO IIIITb.H YBeJIlI1JHBaeTC.H B 2 pa3a. Y MaJIeHbKHX AeTeii, TeJIO KOTOpbIX COAepmHT MHoro BO)1.bI, I(IIPRY- JISIUH.H ee (BcacbIBaHlfe B KHme'lfHHKe, BbIAeJIeHlIe t.J:epe3 nOqKH, Komy, JIerKlIe, rrpn I1Crrpa>KHeHlIu) rrpOHCXOAHT HaMHoro 6bIcTpee, 't..IeM Y B3pOCJIbIX. HeAOCTa TOR BOAbI OHM rrepeHOC.HT TSlmeJIO. llpII HCKYCCTBeHHOM BCKapMJIIIBaHUll pe6eHKY MO:H<HO rrpO)1.0JIma Tb )J.8B8Tb Te me 8AarrTlipOBaHHbIe CJIa)1,RHe HJIII al1,lfAo<plIJIbHbIe MOJIO'lf- HbIe CMeCM, 't..ITO Ii Ha rrepBOM MeCHl1,e mH3HIi. EcJIH rro KaKIiM-TO npH't..I1IHaM 06eCIIetIIITb pe6eHK8 YKa3aHHbIMH CMeCHMM HeB03MomHO, rrpHXOAlfTCSI BpeMeHHO BKJIIOt.IaTb B ero pau.llOH rrpOCTbIe (Hea.narr- TlipOBaHHbIe) MOJIOtIHbIe CMeCII, KOTopbIe Tome 6blBalOT CJIa.n;KHMH Ii KIICJIbIMn.. HeaAarrTlIpOBaHHbIe CJIa)1,KHe MOJIO't..lHbIe CMeCli roTOB.HT- CSI H3 KopOBbero MOJIOKa, KpynSlHbIx OTBapOB II caxapa. CMeCb KO- pOBbero MOJIOKa C KpyrrHHblMll OTBapaMli II caxapOM rrepeBapHBaeTC.H II YCB8MBaeTC.H pe6eHKOM HaMHoro JIert.J:e Ii 6bICTpee, 't..IeM OAHO MOJIOKO MJIH OAIIH OTBap. MOJIOt.J:HbIe CMeCIi rrpllrOTaBJlHBaIOT, HCTIOJlb3YSl TPH BMAa OTBapa Kpyn: rpeqHeBOH, OBCSlHon, pMCOBOH. CMeCH C pHCOBbIM OTB8pOM CIIoco6cTBYIOT 3aKperrJIeHHIO CTY JIa, C OBC.HHbIM OTBapOM, Hao60pOT, ei1:cTBYJOT TIOCJIa6JISlIOIIJ,e. 3TO II03BOJI.HeT IIOA6H- 62 
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norOAbI, ABIDKeHlle TpaHCnOpTa H T. rr. Bce 3TO .n;aeT J];onOJIHHTeJIbHYIO nllI.I.J;Y .n.JUi IICHXIlt.IeCKOH )I.e.HTeJIbHOCTH. He HaAO ,u;OJIro H mYMHO lirp8Tb C MaJIblIllOM B KOHe nepllOAa 60APcTBoBaHIIH. Boa6ym,u;eH- HblH, OH nOTOM 6y,n;eT nJIOXO cnaTb. Macca)K Ii rHMHaCTHKY rrpOBOA.HT B Hall60JIee Y A06Hoe BpeM.H, 06bI'tJHO B rrepHO.n; BToporo 60.n.pcTBoBaHHSI. rHMHaCTII'IeCKMe ynpam- HeHHH npeABapHIOTCH, rrepeMemalOTC.H H 3aKaH'tJHBaIOTCSI MaccameM. IIpHMeH.HIOTC.H rrOrJIamHBaHHe, paCTHpaHHe, pa3MHHaHHe H Aame 51 , 52 53 51. TIpllcamUB8.HHe a8 OTBe)J.eHHbIe B CTOpOHbI PYKH 52. llepecTynaHHe npH no.n.nepmKe aR TYJIOBHll.te 53. llon.38.HHe Ha 'IeTBepeHbK8X JIerKOe rrOKOJI8qnBaHHe KOHQHKaMH rraJIbeB. rHMHaCTHQecKHe yrrpamHeHHH rrpOBOASlTC.H no TOR me cxeMe, qTO H Ha qeTBepToM MeCHlI,e mH3HH. Ao6aBJI.HIOTC.H H HOBbIe, OQeHh BamHbIe yrrpamHeHH.H: npHCa>RHBaHHe 3a OTBe)1.eHHble B CTOpOHbI PYKH H3 rrOJIo.meHH.H JIe.ma H8 crrllHe (pIlC. 51), rrepecTynaHlle rrpH rro.n;.n;ep.mKe 3a TYJIOBHIJJ,e (pnc. 52), n0J13aHne Ha qeTBepeHbKax, JIOKTHX H KOJIeHKaX (pHC. 53). BHa'IaJIe ynpamHeHH.H .n.eJIaIOTC.H 1-2 pa3a, 3aTeM 3-4. B KOHIJ;e MeC.HIJ;a AJUI rrpllcamHBaHH.H HCrrOJIb3YIOTC.H KOJIba, 3a KOTopbIe )I.ep.mHTC.H pe6eHoK. PaHee pa3yqeHHhle ynpamHeHIISI nOBTopSiIOTCSi Tenepb rro 6-8 p83. llleCTHMeC.H'IHbIH pe6eHoK yme MomeT XOpOlllO eCTb C JIOme'tJKIl, OTKpbIBaeT pOT rrpll BRAe IIIlI.I..J,H H CHHMaeT ee ry6aMH. 3a rneCTOH MeCSlIJ; >KH3HH MaJIhIlli BbIpaCTaeT Ha 2,5 CM, Macca ero TeJI3 YBeJIH- qHBaeTCH H8 650 r. 06llI,aSl npH6aBKa MaCChI 3a rrOJIyrO)I.He npHMepHO Ha KHJIOrpaMM 60JIbIlle, qeM Macca rrpH pom.n.eHHH, ,lI;JlHHa TeJIa B03paCTaeT Ha 15 CM. Ha meCTOM MeC.HlI,e, Kor Aa pe6eHOK y.me rrpHBbIK K OBOllI,HOMY rrIOpe C meJITKOM, BBOAHTC.H BTOpOH rrpHKopM - npOTepTaSl rpetlHeB8Si Kama. Ee MomHO 'Iepe.n;OBaTb C OBC.HHOH, PHCOBoii, MaHHoH. He CJIe- .n;yeT YBJIeKaTbCSI MaHHoH KaIlleH, OHa HaHMeHee nOJIe3Ha. KalliH CHaq8JI8 rOTOB.HTCSi Ha rrOJIOBHHHOM MOJIOKe, T. e. BapHTCSI H3 BO)I.e, a rrOTOM Ao6aBJISieTCH TaKoe .me KOJIHtleCTBO MOJIOKa. ITocTeneHHo COOTHOllleHHe BOJ];hI H MOJIOKa H3MeHSleTCH B CTOPOHY YBeJIHQeHII.H MOJIOKa, H 'iepe3 He.n.eJIH ABe KaIllY MomHO BapHTb Ha u.eJIbHOM MOJIOKe.. 98 
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pOCT, pery JIHpyeTcH H rrO,ll;,lI;ep:>KhBaeTCH npaBHJIhHbIH 06MeH BeeCTB, COXpaHHeTC.H rrOCTOHHCTBO BHYTpeHHeH CpeAbI. B 3TOM CJIOmHOM rrpo- u.ecce BCer)I.a )I.OJllliHO C06JIIOASTbCH pSBHOBeCMe. IIHTaHHe Ha ceAbMoM MeCHI.J;e )KH3HH npo,ZJ;OJImaeT pa3H006pa3MTb- CH. )1.orrOJIHHTeJIbHO BBOAHTCH OBOHOH H MHCHOH 6YJIbOH B BRAe rrpOTepTblX OBOllJ,HbIX cyrroB, KOTopble npHHHTO ,ZJ;aBa Tb nOHeMHory (AO 20 r) nepe,ZJ; OBOll\HbIM TIlOpe. )1.JIH rrpHrOTOBJIeHH.H OBOHbIX cyrroB KapTo<peJIb JIyqIlle BapHTb Ha rrapy, a MOpKOBb, KarrYCTY H perry TYIllHTh B He60JIblllOM KOJIHqeCTBe BOJ].bI. 3aTeM Bce B rOpatIeM BH)I.e npOTHpaeTC.H qepe3 CHTO, .u;06aBJIHeTCSI B roTOBbIH 6YJIbOH, H OH ew;e pa3 KHnSlTHTCH. Cyrr, nplirOTOBJIeHHbI:H H8 OBOlIJ,HOM OTBape, MomHO 3arrpaBHTb paCTepTbIM BapeHbIM meJITKOM R CJIHBOqHbIM MaCJIOM (rrOJIOBHHa qaHHO:H JIOmKH). MSlCHO:H 6YJIbOH rOTOBHTCSI H3 HemHpHoH roBSI,ZJ;HHbI HJIll TeJI$!- THHbI. OH o6JIa)];aeT TOHH3HPYIOllM CBOHCTBOM, nO)I.AepmHBaeT CHJIbI. BYJIbOH H3 KOCTeH He rrpMroAeH ,u;JISJ nHTaHH.H MaJIeHbKHX ,u;eTeM. B HeM MHoro :>KHP8 H MaJIO 3KCTpaKTHBHbIX Ber.u;eCTB, KOTopbIe rrepeXOAHT B mllAKocTb TOJIbKO H3 MbIIlleqHOM TKaHll (M.HCa). KOCTHbIM 6YJIhOH lfMeeT BKycoBoe 3HatIeHMe n MomeT HCrrOJIb30BaTbC.H B nMTaHHH ,u;eTeH lllKOJIbHOrO B03pacTa. MSiCO J];J1.H 6y JIbOHa CJIeJ].yeT MeJIKO Ha pe3a Tb MJIR rrpoBepHYTb qepe3 MHCOpy6KY. 06bIQHO MSICHOH 6y JIbOH BapMTcSI Ha Me.l{JIeHHOM orHe rrOJITOpa - J].Ba qaca 6e3 COJIn. nO)];CaJIBaIOT ero nepe)I. rOTOBHOCTblO. B 6y JIhOH HeJIb3S1 KJIaCTb JIaBpOBblH JIHCT H )J;pyrne cneD-nn, MomHO )I.068BHTb JIHllib JIMCTOBYIO 3eJIeHb (YKporr, rreTpymKY). IIHY pe6eHKY u He CJIe.l{yeT roTOBHTb 3spaHee, a ASBaTb cBemenpHrOTOBJIeHHoH. U;eJIeC006pa3HO rrOJIb30BaTbCSl roTOBbIMH OBOIIJ;HbIMH TImpe, cyrrs- MH-nlOpe, KOTopble . BbIrrycKalOTcH HallieH rrpOMbIillJIeHHOCTblO B BH.l{e CrreIJ,HaJIbHbIX AeTcKHx KOHcepBoB. OHH rrpHrOTaBJIHBaIOTC.H rro OC06bIM peu,errTaM, pa3pa6oTSHHblM HHH rrHTaHH.H AKa)I.eMHH Mep;HIJ,HHCKHX HaYK CCCP. ,[(JI$! KOHcepBHpoBa HH.H oT6HpaIOTC$! npoAYKTbI caMoro JIyt..lIllerO Kat..leCTBa. OBOll\H Ii <PPYKTbI pa3MeJIbqalOTCSI, pa3MaJIbIBa1OT- C.H, paCTHpalOTCSl TaK, qTO KpeMorrOA06Ha.H Macca He Hym.l{aeTCH B meB8HHH H JIerRO YCBaliBaeTCH. MaJIeHbKaH 6aHOtIKa C OBOHbIM cynoM-rrrope CO)J;epmHT MOpKOBb, KapTO<peJIb, JIYK, 3eJIeHbIH ropOIlleK, D-BeTHYIO KarrYCTY, Ka6aQKR, MOJIOKO, CJIHBOt..lHOe MaCJIO, MYKY, COJIb. COOTHOilleHHe 6eJIKOB, mHpOB, yrJIeBOAOB H MHHepaJIbHblX COJIeH B 3TOM cyne TaRoe me, KaK Ii B rpYAHoM MOJIOKe. HeCKOJIbKO JIOmet.JeK cyna nepeA yrroTpe6JIeHHeM pa3BoAHT rop.Ht.Jeii BO)I.OH, 6y JIbOHOM HJIR MOJIOKOM - 11 nHTa TeJlbHOe 6JIIO)J;o rOTOBO. ECTb pa3Hble peD-errTbI KOHcepBHpoBaHHbIx cyrroB: t.JHCTO oBoHbIe, OBOW;H C KpynaMH, OBOlIJ,H C rrpoTepTblM MHCOM, OBOlIJ,H C rrpOTepToH net..leHblO. )1.eTHM Ha Ce)I.bMOM MeC.Hu.e mH3HH TaKHe cyrrbI MomHO ,l(aBaTb Hepa3Bep;eHHbIMH, B BHAe nlOpe. Y rroTpe6JI.HH OBOlIJ,Hble KOHcepBbI, He06xOAHMO C06JIIOJ].a Tb orrpeAe- JleHHble rrpaBHJIa: OTKPbITYIO 6aHKY MO>KHO COXpaH.HTb B XOJIO)];HJIb- HHKe, HO He 60JIee CYTOK. KOHcepBbI H3 6aHot.JKH BCHKHH pS3 6epYTC.H tIHCTOH JlO:>KKOH. 104 
POJIb AeTCKHX PYKTOBbIX H OBOHbIX KOHCepBOB 3aMeTHO B03pa- u u u u CTaeT B 3llMHIU1 rrepllo)J; II paHHeH BeCHOM, Kor)J;a CBemHX OBOI.IJ.eH H CPPYKTOB He)];OCTaTOqHO. IIHTaHHe pe6eHKa ,u;HHaMHqHO ,u;ame B TeqeHHe MeCSIIJ,8. B rrepBYIO nOJIOBHHY OHO CXOAHO C KOpMJIeHHeM B rrpOIllJIOM MeCSIlJ,e, a K KOHIJ,Y MeCSllJ,a M8JIbIllla H8,u;0 nOCTerreHHO rroAroToBHTb K BBe,u;eHlno HOBbIX npo,u;YKTOB nHTaHHSI - neqeHH H MSIca, 60raTbIX JIerKOYCBOSIeMbIM meJIe30M, B KOTOpOM pe6eHOK 3Toro B03paCTa HcrrhITbIBaeT CYlI1,eCTBeH- HbIH He,u;OCTaTOK. B OTJIHqHe OT ,u;PyrHx rrpo,u;YKTOB, B COCTaB KOTOpbIX BXO,u;HT meJIe30, neqeHb H MSiCO cOAepmaT IJ,eHHbIe 6eJIKH, YCHJIH- BalOHe KpOBeTBopeHHe, H TaKHM 06pa30M SlBJI.HIOTCSI cpe,u;CTBOM npOHJIaKTHKH MaJIOKpOBHH (aHeMHH). AeTSlM meJIaTeJIbHO AaBaTb neqeHb H MSICO B BH}J;e nIOpe. lle1..JeHh rO}J;HTCSI JII06aSl, MHCO npeArrOqTHTeJIbHO rOBSI>Kbe, HemHpHoe. MHeHHe o TOM, qTO TeJIHTHHa JIyqIlle, Heo60cHOBaHHO. IIeqeHb OTBapHBaeTCSI H rrpOTHpaeTCSI qepe3 CHTO. MSICO OTBapHB8eTC.H (orrYCKaeTCSI B KHrrH- llJ,YIO BOAY) II ,lJ;Ba>KAbI nporrYCKaeTC.R Qepe3 MSiCOPy6KY. 'tJT06bI 6JIIO}J;O He 6bIJIO CYXHM, B Hero A06aBJISIeTC.H HeMHoro 6y JIbOHa HJII1 MOJIOKa. HeJIb3H oT}J;aBaTb rrpe}J;nOqTeHHe O,u;HOMY H3 3TIIX npoAYKTOB. Pe6eHKY HY>KHbI KaK neqeHb, TaK II MSICO. AorrYCTHMO, HCXOASI II3 AOMallIHllx YCJIOBHH, HX qepe,u;oBaTb. MSlCHoe (rreqeHOqHoe) nlOpe, KaK II Bce HOBbIe 6JIIOAa, BBO}J;HTCSI nOCTerreHHO. Il0JIyqHJIH pacrrpOCTpaHeHHe Y A06HbIe B npHMeHeHHH M.HCHhIe KOHcepBbI, H3rOTOBJISleMbIe .n;JISI caMbIX M8JIeHbKHX AeTeH. OHH BbI- nYCKaIOTCH IIHllJ.eBOH npOMbIIIIJIeHHOCTblO H3 HemHpHoR MOJIO.n;OR rOBSIAHHbI, rOBSImbeH neqeHH, MSIca IJ,hIrrJISlT. IIpH HX H3rOTOBJIeHHH CTpOro yqHThIBaeTCSI B03paCT M8JIbIIIIeH, ,u;JISI KOTOpbIX OHH BhIrrYCKa- !OTCH. H81160JIee TOHKOH3MeJIbqeHHbIe (roMoreHH3HpoBaHHbIe) MSICHhIe KOHcepBbI npe.n;Ha3HaqeHbI }J;JISI }J;eTeH 5-6-MeCHQHOrO B03paCTa, MeJI- KOH3MeJILQeHHbIe (nlOpeo6pa3Hble) - JUI MaJIbIllieH 7 -8 MeCSIlteB, KpynHoH3MeJIhQeHHhIe (c QaCTHlJ,8MH IIpo,u;YKTa pa3MepoM AD 2-3 MM) nOAxo,u;SIT ,u;JISI Tex pe6S1T, KOTOpbIM HAeT rrOCJIeAHSUI 1..JeTBepTb (9- 12 MeCSllJ,eB) rrepBoro roAa mM3HH. MSiCHbIe KOHcepBbI ,u;JISI ,u;eTCKoro nHTaHHSI pac<}>aCOBaHbI B MaJIeHb- KHe (no 100 r) >KeCTSIHhIe 6aHOqKH, Ha 3THKeTKe KOTOpbIX 06S13aTeJIhHO YK83hIBaeTCSI B03p8CT ,u;eTeH, Ha KOTOpbIH OHM paCCQHTaHbI. B COCTaB 3THX KOHcepBOB KpOMe M.HCHOrO npOAYKT8 ,u;06aBJI.HIOTCSI CJIHBOqHOe HJlH paCTHTeJIhHOe M8CJIO, JIYK, KpaXMaJI, MSiCHOH 6YJIbOH, 3KCTpaKT rrp.HHOCTeii. IIepe,u; yrroTpe6JIeHHeM M.HCHbIe KOHcepBbI Tpe6yeTcSI pa30- rpeTh. CpOK HX xpaHeHHSI - nOJITOpa rOAa. OCTaBIllHeCH BO BCKpbITOH 6aHOQRe KOHcepBbI HaAJIemHT rrepeJIOmHTh B CTeKJISIHHYIO rrocy,u;y H xpaHHTh B XOJIOAHJIbHHKe He 60JIee CYTOK. HaQHHaTh ,u;aBaTb MSICHble KOHcepBbI, KaK H MSlCHoe nrope, npH- rOTOBJIeHHOe AOMa, He06xoAHMO C MHHHMaJIbHbIX )1;03 (1 qaHHaH JIO>KKa), rrOCTerreHHO YBeJIHqHBaSI HX KOJIHQeCTBO )];0 30 r K ceMH- MeC.HQHOMY B03paCTY. IIpHBo.n;HM MeRlO ceMHMeC.HqHOrO pe6eHKa: 6 q rpY,AHOe KOpMJIeHHe; 10 q - OBOI.I{HOH cyn Ha MJICHOM 6y nbOHe - 20 r, OBOllJ,Hoe nlOpe - 105 
150 r C O)J,HO.H qa.HHOH JIO)KKOH paCTHTeJIbHOrO MaCJIa H 1/2 JKeJITKa, MHCHoe (neqeHOqHoe) nlOpe - 5-30 r, COKH- 6 qaHHbIX .1JOmeK; 14 'I - rpy JJ,Hoe KOpMJIeHHe, COKH - 6 qaHHLIX JIOmeK; 18 'I - Kama (rpeqHeBaH, OBCHHa.JI, PHCOBaH) - 150 r, TBopor- 4 qa.HHbIe JIOmKH, TepToe 86JIOKO HJIM PYKToBoe lllOpe- 3 CTOJIOBbIe JIO>KKII; 22 'I - rpYHoe KOpMJIeHHe. HCKYCCTBeHHoe BCKapMJUiBaHlie pe6eHKa Ha Ce.n;bMOM MeC.Hn;e CXO.n;- HO C KOpMJIeHlfeM B npeAbl,lI.yeM MeC.He. M3 HOBbIX npO.n;YKTOB MomHO .n;06aBHTb JIHIllb Hec,[J,06HOe rreqeHbe. O.n;HO neqeHbHe pa3- Ma tIHB8eTCH B KecPHpe HJIH MOJIOKe H ,naeTCSI H8 rrepBOe KOpMJIeHHe. BoT npHMepHOe MeHIO AJI.H 3TOrO B03paCTa: 6 l{ - CMeCb .MaJIbIlll., HJIIi ..n.eTOJISKT., HJIM Keqmp (eJIbHoe MOJIOKO) - 200 r, O)J,HO lleqeHblll.{e; 10 'I - Kallia (rpeqHeBSH, OBCHHaH, pHCOBaSl) - 150 1', TBOpOI'- 4 qaHHble JIOmKH, CORH - 6 qaHHbIX JIOmeR; 14 q OBOInHOH cyn Ha MHCHOM 6YJIbOHe - 20 r, O,l{HH CYXSpHK) OB0ll.t- Hoe nlOpe - 150 r C 1 qaHHOH JIOmKOH paCTHTeJIbHOrO MaCJIS 1'1 1/2 meJITRa, MHCHoe (neqeHOqHoe) lllOpe - 40 r, TepToe H6JIOKO HJIH <PPYKToBoe lllOpe - 3 CTOJIOBhle JIOmKH; 18 'I - CMeCb .M8JIhIW., HJIH -,neTOJI8KT., HJIH Ke.pHp (l.{,CJILIIOC MO JIOKO) - 200 1', CORM - 6 qaHHbIX JIOmeK; 22 q - CMeCb .MaJIbIlll., HJIIi .):'(eTonaRT., "JIM KecPMp (lteJIbHoe MOJIOKO) - 200 r. BBe.n;eHHe HOBoro npOAYKTa B nHTaHlie HHorAa BM3MBaeT He.n;o- BOJIbCTBO pe6eHKa. B :3THX CJIyqa$lX HOBYIO nHm;y CJIe.n;yeT no.n;MeIIIH- Ba Tb K yme rrpHBhIqHOMY 6JIIO.n;y CHa qaJIa B He60JIhIllOM KOJIHqeCTBe (1/10 qaCTb), 3a TeM nOCTerreHHO YBeJIHqHBa Th ee .n;OJIIO. :3TO npo- AOJImaeTCSI .n;o Tex nop, nOKa pe6eHOK He rrpHBhIKHeT K HOBOM nHm;e. .name y OqeHb KarrpH3HbIx AeTe:n Ha 3TO pe.n;KO YXO,u;HT 60JIhWe qeM He.n;eJISI. IIycTb Bac He CMym;aeT COqeTaHHe .n;BYX 6JIIO,u;, C TOqKH 3peHIUJ B3pOCJIOro, He Bcer,u;a rrpllSlTHoe (,u;06aBJIeHlle 6YJIbOHa B Keci>lfp ). Bo BTOpOM rrOJIyrO,D;HIf m1l3HJ1 3KCCYAaTIIBHbIM ,u;HaTe3 1f3MeH.HeT CBOH KJIIIHlltIeCKHe rrpOSlBJIeHHSf y .n;eTeH, 60JIeBII1HX HM paHee. BBe.n;e- HHe rrplfKopMa Hepe.n;Ko cnoc06cTByeT aKTHBaHII paHee CKphITOH <pOpMbI 3Toro 3a60JIeBaHHH. B 3TOM B03paCTe 3aMeTHO YMeHhIIIaeTCSI KOJIHqeCTBO AeTeH, rropameHHhIX ce60peei:i, MOJIOqHbIM cTpyrroM, C ynopHhIMH onpeJIOCTSlMH. Y .n;eTeii :3TOrO B03paCTa rrepHo.n;HqeCKH MorYT OTMe1.JaTbC$I pa3Ho06pa3HbIe Ko.mHble BhIChInaHH.H - OT HeBHH- ROH KparrHBHHhI .n;o TSlmeJIOM 3K3eMbl, 3aqaCTYIO HapSlAY C no- pameHH.HMH KomH B03HHKalOT KaTapaJIbHbIe BOCrraJIeHHH CJIH3HCTblX 060JIOQeK BepxHHX .n;hIxa TeJIbHhlX nYTeH, .meJIY JJ;01.JHO- KHIlleqHOrO Tp8KTa, M01.JeBbI)J;eJIHTeJIhHOH CHCTeMhI. KJIHHHqeCKHM BhIpa.meHHeM :3THX npou.eCCOB .HBJIHIOTCSI KOH'bIOHKTHBHThI, ynopHble pHHHTbI, Ha30- ci>apHHrHTbI, 6POHXHTM. CJIym;HBaHHe 3nHTeJIHH Ha H3b1Ke npH.n;aeT eMY xapaKTepHbIH BH)). reorpacPH1.JeCKoi:i KapTbI. Mo.meT B03HHKaTh HeYCTOHqHBblH CTYJI C 60JIhillHM KOJIHqeCTBOM CJIH3H. HMeHHO B :3TOM B03paCTHOM rrepHo.n;e HepeAKO pa3BHBalOTCH nHeJIHTbI, nHeJIOHCTHTbI Ii BYJIbBOBarHHHTbI. :3KCCYAaTHBH.blH AHaTe3, rrO-BHAHMOMY, CJIy.mHT . 106 
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Hao TIOMHMTb, 'liTO HeJIb3H )];aBaTb pe6eHKY KaIllY 60JIee O)];HOrO pa3a B )];eHb. BMeCTO KMTIH'lIeHOH BO.n;bI AJISI rrllTbSl Me)K)I;Y KOpMJIeHHHMll MOmHO )J;aBaTb OTBap lIIHTIOBHliKa lIJIH cyweHhIx <PPYKTOB M.HCHOH 6y JIbOH >KeJIa TeJIbHO XOT.H 6bI O)];HH pa3 B He)];eJIIO 3aMeHHTb pbI6HbIM. rOTOBHTb pbl6HbIH 6YJIbOH MomHO KaR H3 CBemeH, TaK H M3 MopomeHOH phI6bl. MopCKaH (MopomeHaSl) pbI6a oc06eHHO 60raTa HOP;HCTbIMIf coeAMHeHHHMH, nOJIe3HbIMIf )];JI.H pe6eHKa. PbI6HbIH 6y JIbOH 06H3a TeJIbHO .n;OJImeH npOu;e)KHBa TbCH, eCJIH rOTO- BHTCH He H3 <pJiJIe. COCTaBHOH 'laCTblO ,z:r;eTCKoro MeHIO B aTOM B03paCTe CTaHOBHTCH pbI6Hoe llmpe. OHO ,naeTC.H 1- 2 pa3a B HeJ];eJIIO BMeCTO M.HCHOrO 1111M rre'lleHO'lHOro. fOTOBHTCH pbI6Hoe nmpe M3 OTBapHoro phI6Horo <pHJIe, KOTopoe ABamAbI rrporrYCKaeTCSI 'lIepe3 MSlCOpy6KY. K <}>apIllY )];06aBJISleTCH HeMHoro rrpou;emeHHoro phI6Horo 6y JIbOHa, errOTKa CO- JIM. nIOpe CTaBHTC.H Ha orOHb, )];OBOAHTCH )];0 KHneHHH M KHnSlTlITCSI 4-5 MHHYT. B rOTOBoe nlOpe .n;06aBJISleTCH HeMHoro (1/4 'laHHOH JIO>KKH) CJIMBO'llHOrO HJIM paCTMTeJIbHOrO MaCJIa. B Ka tIeCTBe pbI6HOro rrlOpe MomHO lICrrOJIb30Ba Tb CneU;HaJIbHhIe pbI6HbIe KOHcepBbI, rrpeJJ;Ha3Ha'lleHHbIe .n;JIH rrHTaHHSI AeTeH rpYAHoro BoapaCTa. PhI6HhIe KOHcepBLI, KaK H MSICHbIe, BbInYCKalOTCSI pa3JIH'I- HOll crerreHM pa3MeJIbtIeHHOCTM. qeM MOJIOme pe6eHoK, TeM 60JIee H3MeJIbtIeHbI JJ;JISI Hero pbI6HbIe ROHcepBbI. Bo BTOpOM rrOJIyrO)];HH paXHT HMeeT JJ;pyrMe BH)J;HMbIe npOHBJIe- HHH. CHHmaeTcH TOHYC MbIIllU;, pa36aJITbIBalOTcSI CYCTaBbI, HapywaeT- CjI npaBMJIbHbIH pOCT KOCTeH. B CBH31l C 3THM MeHSleTC.H <}>opMa KOCTeH qepena. 06pa3YlOTCH JI06Hble M TeMeHHble 6yrpbI. 3arra.n;aeT nepeHOClIu;a. OTMe'laIOTCH HCKpHBJIeHlIe Hor, nOHBJIeHHe KOCOJIanOCTli. rpYAHaH KJIeTKa HJIli cymHBaeTCH C 60KOB (KYPHHaSl rpYAb), HJIM H3MeHHeTCH B rrepe)l;He3a,z:r;HeM HarrpaBJIeHHH C 3ana,z:r;aHMeM rpY)J;lIHbI (TaK Ha3bIBaeMaH rpYJ1.b carromHHKa). Ha pe6pax B03HHKalOT TBep- Able MaJI060JIe3HeHHbIe 6yropKM ('lIeTKH). Oc06eHHo orraceH paxHT J1,JISI PteBO'lleK, TaR KaK MomeT BbI3BaTb HapYIlleHHe eCTeCTBeHHOH cPOpMbJ Ta3a (nJIOCKliH Ta3). KOBapCTBO 3a60JIeBaHHSI B STOM CJIY'lIae 3aKJIIO- "tJaeTCSI B TOM, 'liTO TaKaSl )J;ecPopMau;uSI BHelliHe nOtITH He BH)J;Ha, H JIlIllib tIepe3 MHoro JIeT, Kor Aa HacTyrrHT nopa HM caMHM CTa Tb Ma Tep.HMH, OHO npOHBHTCSI pe3KHM 3a TPY )J;HeHHeM PO)];OB. IIpH paXHTe TaKme HapymalOTC.H pOCT 3y60B, CpOK H IIOPSlJJ;OK HX npope3bIBaHH.H. 3y6bI qaCTO paCTYT KpHBO H JIerKO pa3pYllialOTCH. OCJIa6JIeHHe MbI- me'lHOrO TOHyca IIpMBOAHT K rrOJlBJIeHHIO 60JIblllOrO )J;pH6JIoro (JIHry- matIbero) mllBOTa H HapYIlleHHIO ocaHKll (KPyrJI8.H CIIHHa, paXMTlI- qeCKHH rop6). B.HJIOCTb MYCKY JIa TypbI H M.HrKOCTb KOCTeH JIHIllalOT pe6eHKa rro- )J;BJDKHOCTH, H OR 60JIbllIYIO 'lIaCTb BpeMeHH rrpOBO)];llT JIema. HH3KHM ... TOHYC MbIIllU; mllBOTa B COtIeTaHHlI C H3MeHeHH.HMH rpY)];HOll KJIeTKH BhI3bIBaeT HapymeHlIe JJ;bIxaHlI.H, qTO crroc06cTByeT B03HHKHOBeHHIO a860JIeBaHlIll JIerKMX. Pa3BHBalOlI{neCSI IIPH paXHTe KOCTHbIe H3MeHe- HHSI MorYT 6b1Tb rrpHQHHOH T.HH<eJIbIX OCJIOmHeHIfH. H3MeHeHHH qe- JIIOCTH npllBOA.HT K HapYIlleHHIO rrpHKYC8, 'liTO MelliaeT pa3)KeBblBa- HHIO nHJf. CTpaalOT npn paXHTe II ,u;Pyrne opraHbI. BOJIbHbIe 112 
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MoeTCSI rOJIOBa. QTo6bI MbIJIO He norraJIO B rJIa38, HymHo CMhlBaTh ero, HaKJIOHIIB rOJIOBY Ha3aA. I10TOM HaMhlJIeHHOH ry6KoH HJIH BapemKOH MOIOTCSI KOHe'tJHOCTIi Ii TYJIOBlfI.II:e. B 38KJIIOqeHlfe pe6eHOK OKaThlBaeT- CSI 'tJlfCTOH BOJJ;OH H3 KYBIllliH8. I10CJIeAHee O'tleHh HpaBHTC.H ,lJ;eTSiM. OKaTbIBaHMe XOpOlliO eI.II:e H TeM, 1.ITO, OTBJIeKaH pe6eHKa, n03BOJUIeT eMY 6e3 COmaJIeHHSI paCCTaTbCSI C YIOTHbIM TerrJIOM BaHHhI. I10CJIe BaH- HhI TeJIhI.\e MomHO yme He TOJIhKO rrpOMOKaTh, HO H p8CTHp8Th MSlrKMM rrOJIOTeHueM. BOJIOCbI MomHO paCqeCbIBaTh MHrKOH HH,lJ;MBH- ,lI.yaJIbHOH JJ;eTCKOH I.II:eTKOH MJIM qaCTbIM rpe6HeM. KynaHHe 06bI'tJHO 3aBepIllaeT ,lJ.HeBHOe 60.n;pCTBOBaHMe Ii CJIymMT rrepeXO,lJ.HhlM 3T8rrOM K HO'IHOMY OT,lI.blXY. Pe6eHOK H8 Jl-eCSITOM Mecsrue YCTOHqlIBO Ii MHoro CH,lJ;MT. B CBj{3H C 3TMM CJIeAyeT 06paI.II:8 Th BHHMaHHe Ha TO, 'tJT06h1 OR CH,lJ.eJJ npaBHJIh- RD. IIp8BHJIbHOe CHAeHHe <popMHpyeT OC8HKY. CMtI;eTh np8BMnhHO - 3H81JHT H8XO,lJ;HTbCH B n03e, KorAa crrliH8, 6eApa If rOJIeHH paCllOJI8- ralOTCH rro OTHOIlleHHIO .n;pyr K APyry no.n; npHMbIM yrJIOM, CTonhl orrlipalOTcH Ha rrOJI (pMC. 64). MaJIbIlli HymAaeTcH B OC060H, COOT- BeTcTBYIOI.II:ej{ B03paCTY M POCTY Me6eJIM: CTYJIb'tlHKe C npHMoH crrHH- ROH II CTOJIe. BhIcoTa .n;eTCKoro CTOJIa C'tIHTaeTCSI HOPM8JIbHOH, eCJIH CH,lJ.HI.II:HH 38 HIIM pe6eHOK MO.>KeT IlOJIOJKHTh npeAnJIe'lh.H Ha CTOJI, He npHnO)1.HHMasr HX. EcJIll rrpeJ(nJIe'tJbH nOAHHThI, CTOJI BbICOK. EcnH JIOK- TH He ,lJ.OCT8IOT AO CTOJIa H MaJIbIlli crH6aeTCH, CTOJI HH30K. PO)1;H- TeJIHM npMXOAMTC.H nOTpYAHTbCSI, qT06hI nOAorH8Tb KynJIeHHYIO Me- 6eJIh no,lJ; H3MeHSlIOI.II:HeCSI pa3MepbI pacTY1l(ero pe6eHKa. IIpH npaBHJlh- HOM cM)J;eHHJf 3a CTOJIOM KOJIeHKII MaJIbIIll8 HaXOtI;HTCH nOJ( CTOJIOM, 8 paCCTOHHHe MeJKAY KpaeM CTOJIS H cnllHKOH CTY JI8 n03BOJIHeT eMY nOBepHYTbcSI B60K. Kor.na pe6eHOK CMAMT 38 CTOJIOM, OH BcerAa QeM-HH6Y,lJ;b 3aHSlT: rrepeKJIa,lJ.bIBSeT IIrpYIllRM, paCCMaTpMBaeT KaPTMHKH, HrpaeT C Konh- lJ,aMIf llHp8MMAhI. 06blqHO 3TH 3aHHTHSI (c nOB3pOCJIeBIIlerO *' MaJIhIWa OQeHh HpaBHTC.H pO,ZJ;MTeJISlM, H OHM rr03BOJISlIOT eMY 3aCHmMBaTbCH no- JJ;OJIry. 3TO HenpaBliJIbHO, TaR KSK OCHOBa npaBHJIhHOrO rapMOHH'IHOrO pa3BHTMSI pe6eHKa - ABH.>KeHMe. THMH8CTH"tIeCKHe 3aHSlTH.H YA06Hee rrpOBop;HTb BO BTOpOH nepHO)J; 60,lJ.PCTBOB8HH.H, npM6JIM311TeJIhHO 1.Iepe3 t..Iac rrOCJIe KOpMJIeHHH. IIo- CKOJIbKY pe6eHKY Y.>Ke He AeJIaeTCH 06I.II:HH Maccam, OH AOJImeH 38HH- M8 TbC.H rMMHacTHKoH B JIernOH op;em.z:r;e, He CTeCHsno:m;,eH ABHmeHHH. JKeJIaTeJIhHO BO BpeM.H 3aH.HTHH IllHpOKO HCrrOJIh30BaTh npe,lJ.MeTbI (pRC. 65): KOJIblJ,8, naJIO'tJKM, M.H'tIMK. MaJIbIIll8 yme He 6epYT 3a PYKH, a TOJlbKO 3a KOJIblJ,a, KOTopbIe OR ,lJ.epmHT pYKaMH. 3TO crroco6cTByeT YKperrJIeHlilO MbIllII.\ KHCTeH If npe,lJ.llJIe"tIHH. IIaJIo'lK8 HCnOJIb3yeTcSI B OCHOBHOM AJI.H yrrpamHeHHH C HoraMH. Pe6eHoK OTTaJIKliBaeT TI8JIO'tJKY corHYThlMIi HoraMH, cTapaeTcSI )1;OCTaTb ee HO- raMH JIem8 Ha crrHHe JIH60 HaKJIOHHeTCH, 'IT06h1 rro.z:r;HHTb. MaJIhIIll eI.II:e He MomeT rrOHMa Tb MSI'tJ, HO C Y AOBOJIhCTBHeM ero KHJJ;seT. If TaKHe ynpa>KHeHHSI (OTTaJIKMBaHHe rrpeAMeTa) CJIeAyeT BKJIIO'tJaTh B KsmAoe aaHHTHe. B eJIOM rHMHaCTM'tIeCKMH KOMrrneKC AO KOHlJ,a rOAR BMrnHAHT CJIeAYIOHM 06pa30M (pRC. 66-70): crli6aHHe H pa3rH6aHHe PYK 122 
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paBHO,lJ;YIlIHe, naKOCTJIIIBOCTb. JIyqIllIIM MeTOA BOCnlITaHHR - 3TO nocTyrrKIi H rroBeAeHHe pO;:l;IiTeJIeit. ECJIlI pO,lJ;lfTeJIH XOTHT BOCIIllTa Tb pe6eHKa JIyqrne, 4.eM OHM caMR, 11M Ha,ll,O CJIe,n;HTb 3a C060H H nOCTY- naTb He TaK, K8K XOqeTCSI, a K8K HaAo. 3TO B rrepBYIO Oqepe,lJ;b OTHO- CHTCSI K <pH3MQeCKoMY BocrruTaHHIO, B QaCTHOCTH K YTpeHHej:{ 3ap.H,lI,Ke. ECJIH paHb11Ie OHM MOrJIH Ii He AeJlaTb ee, TO Tenepb pa,lJ;H pe6eHKa, ,lI;JISI Hero If BMeCTe C HHM He06xOAHMO 3TliM 3aHHMaTbCSJ.. PeKOMeH.1I.yeM CJIe,lI;YIOH" KOMTIJIeKC yrrpa>KHeHHll AJISI .n;eTeH B B03paCTe OT 1 ro,u,a AO 1 rOAa 2 MecsueB. IIocRe rrp06Y>KAeHHSJ. H Kpa TKoro YTpeHHero TyaJIeTa pe6eHKa HymHo o,neTb B cnopTHBHYIO <POPMY: TPYCHKH .H TanOQKII, eCJIH npOXJIaA:-IO - B py6allle'IKY H KOJIrOTKH. KOMH8TY K 3TOMY BpeMeHH Ha,lI.O npOBeTpHTb, a B TerrJIYIO noro,u,y pacnaXHYTb OKHO. 3apSl,lJ;Ka HaQHHaeTC.H C xOJI;b6bI. Ha rrepBbIX rropax MaJIhIIll8 Mom- HO rrOAAep>KHBaTb 3a PYKY HJIH, OTOHASI Ha 2-3 Ill8ra, MaHHTb K ce6e. TaK 1I0BTOp.HeTC.H HeCKOJIbKO pa3. C KamAbIM AHeM npOH,lJ;eHHbIH nYTb )J;OJI>KeH YBeJIHqHBaTbCSI. Yrrpa*HeHHe BTOpoe - npeolJ,OJIeHHe rrpe- rrSlTCTBHH. IIYCTOH SlIlUfK nHCbMeHHoro CTOJIa (HJIH JII060H lJ,pyroH He BbIIlle 10- 12 CM) HaXO)];HTCSI H8 nYTli MaJIbIma K HrpymKe. IIoMorHTe eMY nepeJIe3Tb qepe3 60pTHKH HW.HK8, B3HTb HrpywKY II BepHYTbCSI C HeM 06paTHO. TpeTbe ynpa>KHeHHe - BbI Ii pe6eHOK, CTOS! HanpOTliB, ,u;epmHTeCb 38 o6pYQ, KOJIbIJ,O HJIH naJIOqRY. TIpli qeTKOM KOMaH,n;e .CSlJI;eM. - .BCT8HeM. rrplice,n;aHTe H BCTaBaHTe BMeCTe c pe6eH- KOM (pHC. 80). CJIe,n;YIOIU,ee yrrpamHeHHe - rrO,lUIOJI3aHHe nOA npenSlT- CTBne, HanpHMep no)]; cKaMeHKY HJIH .mYPHaJIbHbIH CTOJIHK (pHC. 81). l(eJIb - nO)];OHTH K rrpeII.HTCTB:HIO, npHceCTb, nO,ll.nOJI3TH rroA Hero, .l{OCTa Tb HrpYIliKY C APyroH CTOpOHbI, B3RTh ee, BbInpSlMHTbC.H H OTHeCTlf B3pOCJIOMY. TaRoe TpY,lI.HOe YlIpa>KHeHHe npH rrpaBHJIbHOM BhInOJIHeHlfll ,nOJI>KHO B03HarpSm,lJ;aTbC.H CJIOBeCHOH nOXBaJIOH. II.H- Toe ynpamHeHlle - nOKa>KHTe MaJIhIIllY, KaK nepern8rHBaTh nperrSIT- CTBH.H. BHa'laJIe OHH ,lJ;OJUKHbI 6bITb He OqeHb BblCOKHe: Ky6HKH, 6PycO'leK, MHqHK (pHC. 82). Qepe3 HeCKOJIbKO He)];eJIb BbICOTa HX YBeJIUQHBaeTCSI B 2 pa3a (Y3KaSi Kop06Ka llJIH HHK H T. n.). Y CliJIIUI J(OCTIlrHYT IJ,eJIH, Kor p,a pe6eHoK caMOCTO.HTeJIbHO JIerKO rrpeo,nOJIeeT 3TIi rrperrSlTCTBUSI. .l(JI.H BblrrOJIHeHlfSl CJIeAYIOI.l\erO yrrpamHeHHH HymHo ,n;aTb pe6eHKY B PYKH MSlt.J Ii rrpeJ];JIOmHTb 6pocaTh ero nepep; C060H. B3pOCJIbIH .n;OJI>KeH caM JIOBliTb MSIQ Ii B03Bpaw;aTb MaJIblIllY (pHC. 83). 3apSl,n;Ka 38BeplllaeTC.H Kpa TKoBpeMeHHoll xOJ];h60H. C pOCTOM pe6eHKa MeHSlIOTCSJ. 06'beM If XapaKTep rliMHaCTHqeCKlfX yrrpa.iKHeHIiif. CJIeAYIOI.l\HH ROM IIJIeKC rroAoHAeT AJI.H MaJIblIlla B B03pa- CTe 14-18 MeCSIIJ,eB. B 3TOT rrepno,n; IIPH npOBe}1.eHIill rHMHaCTH't:JeCKHX .., ... yrrpamHeHHH II lirp HeoOXOAHMO B TeQeHHe )];HH MHorOKpa THO AeMOHCTpHpOBa Tb pe6eHKY rrpaBUJIbHOe AbIxaHHe, yqHTbIBaH ero CTpeMJIeHlie nO,ll.pama Tb B3pOCJIbIM, JIerKO IIepeHllMa Tb HX ,n;eHCTBHSI. ECJIH ,neJIaTb rrpIi MaJIbIllie rnYMHbIii B,lJ.OX Ii BbI,nOX, OH JIerKO nOBTO- pUT 3TO. Bce ynpamHeHJUI AOJI.>KHbI HMeTb BHellIHlOlO <POPMY HrpOBbIX MOMeHTOB, ,lI.ame }1.bIXaHHe «<IIoAyeM B Tpy60tlKY)), (cHa.n;yeM mapllR&, CKa.iKeM V-Y-Y.). 142 
Pe6eHoK OBna)1;eJI XOAb60H rro nOJIY, Ii Tenepb OHa AOJI)KHa YCJIom- HSlThCSI. Hap;o HaY1.IHTb ManhIma rrpOMTH rro OP;HOH rrOJIOBIIIJ;e IIJIM .nOCKe. B KaqeCTBe .rrOJIOBHIJ;bI. nplf rrapKeTHOM, rrJIIITO'tlHOM HJIM nJI8CTHKOBOM nOKpblTHll MomHO HCrrOJIhdOBaTb crreu,HaJIhHYIO If JIM p;ame rJIa)1;HJIbHYIO P;OCKY. BHa'tlaJIe ee HymHo rrOJIOmHTh pOBHO, 1-1 pe6eHOK C nOCTopOHHeH [10MOblO rrpOXO)J;HT no ReH npHCTaB- HbIM, a nOTOM 11 06bI1.IHbIM IIlaroM. lIo Mepe OBJIaAeHIi.H cnoc06HOCTblO COXpaH.HTb paBHOBeCHe ynpamHeHHe YCJIO.>KH.HeTC.H: )1;aJIbHHH KOHeu. 80. llplfceaHlfe C o6PYt.LeM 81. IIOAnOJI3RHlfe no,ll. npe- nHTCTBlie 82. IIepewRrliBRHlie Qepe3 n pcnHTCTlille 83. Bpoc8HHe MWIR )l.BYMSI PYK8MIi 84. XOb6a no p;OCKe 81 82 84 AOCKH rrpllITOAHMMaeTCSI Hap; nOBepXHOCThIO nOJI8 Ha 5-10-15 CM (pRC. 84). BTOpoe yrrpamHeHHe aHaJIOrH1.IHO TaKOBOMY B rrpe,l];hI)J;yw;eM KOMllJIeKCe, TOJIhKO pe6eHoK ,lI.OJImeH Y)Ke He nepeJIa3HTb, a rrepeIIIa- rHBaTb 1.Iepe3 60PTHKH SIHKa. TpeTbe ynpa>KHeHHe - cpeAHero pa3Mepa M.H1.I nOMem;aeTC.H B ceT- KY (aBOCbKY) Ii nO)J;Aep>KRBaeTC.H H8!J. rOJIOBOH pe6eHKa, KOTOpbIH u p;OJI>KeH paCKa 1.JHBa Th M.H1.I, OTTaJIKMBa.H ero JIa.z:r;OHhlO O):t;HOIl, a rrOTOM p;pyroH PYKII. HY>KHO CJIep;HTb, t.IT06bI CHJIa YAapa HapaCTaJIa. CJIe)J;YIOee yrrpamHeHHe BhInOJIHSeTCH CR)1;S. MaJIbIlli ABYM.H PY- 'KaMH rrOAHHMaeT HrpymKY KaK MO>KHO BhIllIe, 3aTeM KJIa,n;eT ee K HO- raM. BaRB HrpYlliKY BTOPOH pa3, rrpSlQeT ee 3a crrHHY, AOCTaeT II CROBa KJIa.u;eT K HoraM. KOJIIi1.IeCTBO nOBTopeHHH ynpamHeHH.H C B03pacToM YBeJUI1.IIIBaeTC.H C 2 )1;0 6. II.HToe yrrpamHeHlfe - He60JIhIIIOH M.H1.I 1l0AHHMaeTC.H C nOJIa KaK MomHO BbIllie 11 6pOCaeTC.H B3pOCJIOMY TO JIeBOH, TO npaBoii PYKoii. B3pOCJIbIH JIOBHT ero H orrHTb rrOAK8TbIBaeT K pe6eHKY. B 3aKJIJO'le- HHe xO)1.b6a B 6bICTPOM If 06bI1.IHOM pHTMe. 143 
TIOJIHbIH 3apSlA OT YTpeHHIiX ynp8mHeHHH pe6eHOK nOJIY'llfT TOJIbKO B TOM CJIyqae, eCJIM OHM aaBeprna TCSI BOJJ;HOM rrp0lJ,e.n;ypoii - TerrJIbIM AymeM HJIH (eCJIH K 3TOMY HeT YCJIOBHH) BJIamHbIM TerrJIblM 06THp8I1HeM TeJI8 M.HKeHbKOH TpHnO'lKOH, rrOpOJIOHOBOH ry6KOH. TaRoe Ha'l8JIO JI.HSI - 3aJIOr 60.u;poro HaCTpOeHH.H If xopomero arr- neTIITa. BbICOKMll 3MOlJ,1l0HaJIbHbIll TOHYC MaJIhlma JI,OJImeH IIO,n;- .u;epmHBa TbCSI HeYROCHIfTeJIbHbIM co6JIJOAeHHeM B03paCTHoro pemH- Ma AHH. Be3 3Toro HapymalOTcH rapMOHM.H, B3aHMOCB.H3b 61f0JIO- rU1.IeCRHX pHTMOB opraHH3Ma. ............ .......... ........... .......... ........... .......... ........... .......... ............ .......... ........... .......... ........... .......... kQPMJ1EHHE &OAPCTBOBAHHE HO'U-IoA COH J1HEBHO COH ')000000 o ') C 0 .:0 o " :J 000 0 o 0 0 0 0 0 000 0 000 000000 o 0 C> 0 0 0 0 000000 KYI"W-!HE 85. PemUM JJ.HH pe6eHKa OT OAHOro ro"na ,no nOJlYTopa JIeT Pejf{HM ,.1HB poeHKa B BoapacTe OT OJI,HOrO rOJI,a .u;o IIOJIYTopa JIeT CJIeAYIOllJ,HH (pue. 85): 7-8 q - nOA'beM, TY8J1eT, YTpeHHHSI. rHM- H8CTHKS; 38BTP8 K; YTpeHHee 6o,npcTBoB8HHe; nepBbIH AHeBHoH COH; o6e.o. ; J1.HeBHoe 60.n;PCTBOB8HHe, rrpo- rYJIKa; BTOPOH ,AHeBHOH COH; nOJIAHHK; BeqepHee 60.n;pCTBOB8HHe, BTOpSH nporYJIK8, Kyn8Hue Qepe3 .n:eHb; q - Y>KHH; - HO'-lHOll COHo 8 q - 8 q 30 MUH 8 q 30 MUH - 10 'i 10-12 Q 12 q - 12 q 30 MHH - 12 q 30 MHH - 15 '-I - 15 q - 16 q 30 MHH - 16 q 30 MHH - 1 7 q - 17 q - 19 q 30 MUH - 19 q 30 MHH - 20 20-7 q 144 
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3ap.HAKH, 3aBepmalOI.I1aeHCH 6erOM. Ha TaKYIO rrp06emKY MomHO 6paTb C C060H AeTeH, Ha 1.JIIHa.H C rneCTHJIeTHerO B03paCTa. ,l(eTI1 MOJIOme 3Toro B03p8CT8 6bICTpO YTOMJISlIOTC.H OT OAHo06pa3HbIX ABH.»ceHHH. ECJIH B rrp06emKe yqaCTByeT pe6eHOK, eJIeC006pa3HO 1.JepeAOBa Tb 6er C XOAb6on. CJIeAyeT KOHTpOJIHpOBa Tb, LlT06h1 pe6eHOK BO BpeM.H 6era AblmaJI Qepe3 HOC. Bera Tb nOJIOmeHO B JIerKOH cnopTHBHOH 06YBH (KpOCCOBKH, Ke.u;bI) H CBo60AHO:H, He CTeCH.HI01ll.eH ABllmeHHH oAem.u;e. Ha llIeCTOM rOAY >K1l3HH .u;eTI:I cB06o,lJ;HO OCBaMBalOT TaKYIO YBJIeKa- 97a 98 976 97. YnpamHeHRe _KOJIKa APOat fa. 6)  98. Ynpa>KHeHlle .nTUtiKa. 99. Ynpa>KHeHHe .BeJIOCHne,n,t 99 TeJIbHYIO Hrpy, KaK 6a.u;MHHTOH. OH pa3BllBaeT Y HHX CHJIY MbIIll11, PYK H Hor, rJIa30Mep, Koop.u;HHa11,HIO .u;BHmeHHH. STOH BeCeJIOH HH- TepeCHOH HrpOH MOmHO 3aHltMa TbCH B JII060M MeCTe (BO ABOpe, rrapKe, B JIecy, H8 6epery BOAoeMa). 06Y1.JaSI AeTeH STOll Mrpe, He06xo.u;MMO CHa t.J.aJIa OCBOMTb C HUMli rrpaBHJIbHYIO rr03Y M YMeHlle JIerKO nepe- ABMraTbCSI no HrpOBOH rrJIOm;aAKe, 38TeM rrpaBllJIbHO AepmaTb BOJIaH- 1.JHK, no.u;6paCbIBaTb II mOHrJIHpOBaTb HM. ,l.I;aJIbIlle MaJIbIlli AOJImeH HaY1.JUTbC.H 611Tb u,eHTpOM paKeTKM, oT6HBaTb TblJIbHOH II JInlJ,eBOH ee CTOpOHOii, npOH3BOAMTb YAapbI CJIeBa, crrpaBa, cBepxy, CHH3Y, 113 nOJIOmeHI1H CTO.H Ha MeCTe II B ABMmeHHH. IIplI rrpOBeAeHIIM 3aHSITHM ITO <PH3KY JIbType J);JISI AeB01.JeK CJIeAyeT BKJIIOQaTb 60JIbIlle ABIDKeHHH TaHlJ,eBaJIbHOrO xapaKTepa, yrrpamHe- HHH Ha rlf6KOCTb, OrpaHll1.JlfBaTb nOAHSlTHe Ii nepeHOC TSlmeCTen. ,n;eBOt.J.KaM-,nOWKOJIbHHlJ,aM HeJIb3H pa3pem8Tb HOCMTb MJIaAIllMX eTeH. Qpe3MepHbIe HarpY3KM MorYT nOBJIe1.Jb CMe1ll.eHlfe opraHOB MaJIOrO Ta3a, 1.JTO B AaJIbHeHIIIeM crroc06cTByeT pa3BMTHlO rIfHeKO- JIOrIPleCKOH HJIM aKYIllepCKOH naTOJIOrHH. XOTSI J);eTH CTapIllero ,n;OIllKOJIbHOrO B03paCTa 60JIelOT peme Ma- JIbIIllen, If B 3TOM B03paCTHOM rrepHo.u;e HeJIb3.H 3a6bIBa Tb 0 npOBe- 226 
.n;eHHH 3aKaJIliBalOI..IJ;llX npou,e.u.yp. ECJIU pe6eHOK nOCeI.IJ;aeT JI,eTCKHI1 Ca,l\, qaCTb 113 HHX rrpOBOAHTCSI TaM. Ho no BbIXOAHbIM AHHM H e>Ke- Jl,HeBHO BeqepOM AOMa He06xOAHMO 3aKperrJISlTb ,lJ.eHCTBHe 3aKaJIHBa- IOllI,HX MepOrrpH.HTHH, KOTopbIe ocym;eCTBJISlJIMCb B AHeBHoe BpeM.H B )1.eTCKOM ca,lJ.Y. AeT1I 5 - 7 JIeT AOJDKHbl emeAHeBHO ry JISlTb Ha OTKpbITOM B03Ayxe He MeHee 3,5 qaca, B TOM qMCJIe HeKOTOpyIO qaCTb 3Toro BpeMeHH TIOCJIe B03BpaI..IJ;eHHSI 113 AOlliKOJIbHOrO yqpemAeHHH. 11M rrOKa38HbI '" B03AYlllHble BaHHbl, AJISI lIero peoeHK8 Ha HeKOTopoe BpeMSI OCTaB- JI.HIOT pa3JJ;eTbIM .n;o TPYCOB B KOMHaTe rrpn TeMrrep8Type B03JJ;yxa 18- 20°. B JIeTHee BpeMSI B03.u.YlllHYIO B8HHY JIyqIlle rrpOBO,lJ.HTb Ha OTKphI- TOM B03Ayxe. )];JUI Hee BbI6HpaeTCSI MeCTO B TeHll, 3a11I.H11I.eHHOe OT BeTpa. Pe6eHoK pa3.n;eBaeTC.H AO TPYCOB npH TeMrrepaType B03J1,yxa 19-22') CHaqaJIa Ha 3-5 MHHYT, C KamAbIM Jl,HeM J(JIHTeJIbHOCTh rrpou,eAypbI B03paCTaeT. nOJIe3HO C01.:J:eTaTb rrpHeM B03J1,YIllHOll BaHHbI C rroABHmHoM n:rpOH, Tor Aa TeMrrepa Typa B03.n;YX8 MomeT 6bITb qYTb HHme, HO He MeHee 17 . B YTpeHHlle qaCbI B03AYIlIHble BaHHbI Co- rrpoBom.n;alOT YTpeHHlO1O rHMHacTHKY M A0110JIHSlIOTC.H BOAHbIMll rrpo- u;eAypaMH. BajKHO BbIpa60TaTb Y pe6eHKa HeBoCrrpMI1MqHBOCTb K B03JJ;eH- CTBlllO BeTpa, CKB03H.HKY. AJI.H 3Toro ll,eJIeC006pa3HO TpeHllpoBaTb . AeTe:n B03AYlIlHbIM rroToKoM, HarrpaBJISleMbIM Ha HIIX BeHT1IJIHTOpOM. B03AYIllHbIH rrOTOK HanpaBJISleTC.H CHaqaJIa Ha IIepeAHIOIO rroBepx- HOCTb TeJIa, a 3a TeM Ha crrllHY pe6eHKa, oAeToro B TpYCI1KM. TeMnepa- Typa B03Ayxa B rrOMeI..IJ;eHRlf 20-24°. B rrepBbIe 2 AHSI nOTOK B03- .n;yxa HanpaBJISleTCH Ha KO>KY pe6eHKa Ha 20 ceKYHA (10 Ha rrepeAHlO1O nOBepXHOCTb, 10 - Ha 3aAHIOIO). B nOCJIeAYlOI..IJ;l1e 2 Jl,HSI rrpOAOJDKII- TeJIhHOCTb B03J1,eHCTBH.H B03AYlllHoro nOTOKa B03paCTaeT p..o 40 ceKYHJJ; (rro 20 ceKYHA Ha KamAYIO CTOPOHY TeJIa). If qepe3 KajKAbIe 2 Jl,H.H OHa YBeJIHql1BaeTC.H H8 20 ceKYHA, ,n;OCT:HraSl K 24-MY Jl,HIO 3 MHHYT (rro IIOJITOpbI MI1HYTbI Ha rrepeAHlO1O Ii 3a.n;HIOIO rrOBepXHOCTb TeJIa). B AaJIbHeHIlleM TaKa.H rrpOAOJIml1TeJIbHOCTb OCTaeTC.H Bce BpeMH. 3aKaJIRBaHRe BOAOll rrpOBOAHTC.H B BRAe 06T:npaHHH TeJIa BJIa>K- HOM ry6KoH (MSlrKOH PYKaBHqKOH HJIli IIOJIOTeHu,eM) rrpH TeMrrepaType B03Ayxa 20-24 0. B rrepBbIe 1-3 .n;HH OCYll1,eCTBJIeHI1H 3TOH rrpo- u.eJl.ypbI HCX0Jl.Ha.H TeMrrepaTypa BO)J.bI COCTaBJISleT 37 -34 0, npo)J.OJI- jKHTeJIbHOCTb rrpOBeJ:(eHIUI B 3HMHHH rrepHOA -3 MHHYTbI. B IIOCJIeJJ;Y- IOII.J;l1e 4-7 AHeH TeMrrepaTypa BOAbl CHHmaeTC.H AO 33-32°, a rrpo- .u,OJI.iKHTeJIbHOCTb rrpon;e.u,ypbI J:(O 2,5 MHHYTbI. Ha 8-10-H )J.HH TeMrrepa Typa BOAhI J:(OXO)J.HT Jl,0 31-30° , rrpOAOJImHTeJIbHOCTb o6THpa- HHH -2 MHHYTbI. C 11-1'0 no 25-u AHli TeMrrepaTypa BOAbI CHHm8eT- C.H Qepe3 Kam)J.bIe 5 AHeH Ha 2°, a npO;:I.OJI:iKUTeJIbHOCTb 06THpaHlfH COKparu;aeTCSI Ha 10 ceKYHp... C 26-1'0 rro 35-ii AHH pe6eHKa 06THpalOT B TeqeHUe 1 MI1HYTbI 20 ceKYHA BOAOH TeMnepaTYPoll 23-22\ C 36- 1'0 Jl,HSI 11 ,l\aJIee TeMnepa Typa BOAbl H rrpo.n;OJImHTeJIbHOCTb rrpo- u,eAypbI OCTalOTCSI rrOCTO.HHHbIMH (21-22° H 1 MHHYTa 10 ceKYH}J.). B JIeTHee BpeMSI rrpOJ:(OJIJKIITeJIbHOCTb 06THpaHH.H Ha 1 MHHYTY 60JIb- me. 06THpaeTcSI CHaqaJIa BepXHSI.H 1.:J:aCTb TeJIa (PYKH, illeSl, 06JIaCTb rpy.u,Holl KJIeTKH), a 3a TeM - HHmHSI.H. 227 
KorAa pe6eHOK AOCTaTO'iHO XOpOlllO npMBbIKHeT K pe)KIiMY 06TIi- paHHSI, MomHO rrepeHTIi K 06JIHB8HHIO, OKa3bIBalOrn.eMY 60JIee CHJIbHOe OXJIam,u,alOllJ,ee AenCTBlie. OHO npoBOAHTC.H no TOH me cxeMe, 'ITO n 06THpaHHe, C nOCTeneHHbIM CHlfmeHHeM TeMnepaTypbI BOt{bI H COOT- BeTcTBYIOllJ,MM cOKpam;eHHeM AnHTeJIbHOCTJ1 npoqeAypbI. EllJ,e 60JIee .n;eHCTBeHHbI KOHTpacTHbIe BOAHbIe npOIJ;eAypbI, npeA- CT8BJI.H1OllJ,He c06011 rrorrepeMeHHoe 06J1HBaHHe TerrJIOll. H XOJlOAHOH BO)1.0n. OHIi TpeHHpYIOT nepH<pepHtIeCKHe KpoBeHocHbIe COCY)1.bI, no- BbIllialOT HeBoCrrpHHMtIHBOCTb pe6eHKa K pe3KHM, HO KOpOTKHM rro BpeMeHH neperra,u,aM TeMnepa TypbI. Ilx peKOMeH,lJ;yeTC.H npOBO,lJ;HTb rrOCJIe HOtIHOrO HJIH JJ;HeBHoro cHa, TaK KaK OHM OKa3bIBalOT B036ym- .n;81Om;ee AenCTBMe. B nepBbIe 3 )J;H.H TeMnepaTypa ropSl'ieii BOAbI 37- 34°, XOJIOAHOM -31-30:), Ha 4-6-n AHH COOTBeTCTBeHHO 38 Ii 31- 30\ 7-10-" AHH-38 H 30-29', 11-15-n )J;HH-39 11 29- 28°, 16-20-H AHM -40 11 28-27". C 21-ro )];H.H TeMrrepaTYPY rop.H- tIeR BOAbI OCTaBJlSlIOT rrOCTO.HHHOH -40°, a XOJIOAHOH - tIepe3 KamAbIe 5 AHeM npo,nOJIJKalOT CHHJKaTb Ha 1 0, K 41-MY J];HIO OHa AOXO,D;HT AO 23-20°, OCTaBa.HCb Ha TaKOM ypOBHe M B AaJIbHellIlleM. ,z::(JIHTeJIbHOCTb 06JIHBaHIUI TenJIOM BOAon nOCTeneHHO CHHJKaeTCH C 45 ]1.0 25 reKYH)J;, XOJIO.u;HOH - C 60 ,lI.O 25 ceKYH,l(. ROJIHtIeCTBO Qepe)1.0Ba- HHH B03paCTaeT C 3-4 AO 5-6. K 3aMe)];JIeHHbIM OXJIaJKp-eHJUIM AeTeH rrpHyqaIOT nYTeM rrpHMe- HeHHSI 06JIHBaHHSl, AYllia HJIH BaHHbI c 110CTerreHHbIM CHIIJKeHHeM TeMrrepaTypbI BOAbI. ITpl1 rrO.HBJIeHHH Y pe6eHKa ow;yrn.eHHSl XOJIo.n;a TeMrrepaTYPY BO,u,bI rrOBbIllialOT )];0 ero HCqe3HOBeHH.H. TeMrrepaTypa B03Ayxa, rrpH KOTOpOH rrpOBOAHTCSI rrpOl(e.n;ypa, ;:r;OJIJKHa 6bITb He HH>Ke 20°. TeMrrepaTypa BOAbI CHHJKaeTCSl 3MMon OT 37 -34 J AO 30 . TpeHHpoBKOH K B03.n;ellcTBHIO 3aMeAJIeHHbIX oXJIamAeHHH .HBJIHIOT- CH 06CbIxaHHSI rrpll KOMHaTHOH TeMrrepaType (He HHJKe 20°) rrOCJIe 06JIHBaHH.H, .nYllia HJIH BaHHbI, npOBOAIiMbIe C nOCTeneHHbIM CHHme- Hl1eM TeMrrepaTypbI BOAM Ha 1 0 'Iepe3 KaJKAbIe 4 .n;H.H C 37 -34 ° AO 30° 3JlMOH H C 34° ,u,o 22° JIeTOM. IIocJIe BOAHOll rrpOl(e;:r;ypbI rrOJIOTeH- u;eM YAaJI.HIOTC.H c nOBepXHOCTH TeJIa pe6eHKa TOJIbKO KpyrrHhIe KanJIH BO)];b1. ECJIR npH 06CbIX8HHH Y pe6eHKa rrO.HBJIHeTCH rYCHH8H KOma», CJIeAyeT paCTepeTb ero rrOJIOTeHIJ;eM H rrpe)];JIOJKHTb norrpbIra Tb. KpoMe 06rn.HX npOIJ;eAYP Heo6xoAHMbI H MeCTHbIe, TaKHe, KaK KOH- TpaCTHbIe 06JIHBaHH.H CTorr, XOJKAeHHe 60CHKOM. IIOcJIeAHee npOBOAHT- C.H rrpH TeMrrepaType rrOJIa He HHJKe 18°. B rrepBYIO HeAeJIIO ero npo- .n;OJIJKHTeJIbHOCTb COCTaBJI.HeT 3-4 MHHYTbI, B ;:r;aJIbHeHllleM OHa YBe- JIH'IHBaeTCR Ha 1 MHHYTY B AeHb M MOJKeT 6bITb AOBe.n;eHa )1.0 15-20 MHHYT. IIocJIe XOmAeHH.H 60CHKOM 06.H3a TeJIbHO rrOCJIeAYlOrn.ee 06- MbIBaHHe CTorr. BHaqaJIe AJISI Hero HCnOJIb3YlOT BOAY TeMrrepaTYPoH 37 -36°, 3aTeM KaJK)J;bIe 2 ,nH.H CHHmalOT ee Ha 1 ° H nOCTeneHHO AO- BO)1.SlT )];0 20°. IIocJIe XOJK;:r;eHIUI 60CHKOM MOJKHO HCnOJIb30BaTb KOHT- paCTHbIe 06JIHBaHH.H CTorr Ii HX 06chIxaHHe.. K MeCTHbIM 3aKaJIHBalOrn.liM rrpO[(e)];yp8M OTHOCHTCH II rrOJIOCKaHHe ropJIa rrpOXJIaAHOH BOAOH. TeMrrepaTypa BOAbI BHaqaJIe COCTaBJI.HeT 36-37°, 'Iepe3 KamAhIe 3-4 AH.H OHa nOHIimaeTC.H Ha 1 ° Ii rrOCTerreH- HO MomeT 6bITb )\OBe,neHa .no 10°. 228 
B AOMaIllHllX YCJIOBllSlX pe6eHKY 5-7 JIeT I.(eJIeC006pa3Ho npo- BOAHTb 110 YTpaM 06rn;ee 06TlIpaHlie liJIn 06JUIB8Hlle (YIlI), 8 TaK>Ke nOJIOCKaHlie ropJIa npOXJIaJJ;HOH Boonon rro rrpliBe.u;eHHbIM BbIllie cxe- MaM, BeqepOM nepe HOqHbIM CHOM CJIeAyeT opraHH30BaTb Ha 15-20 , MJlHYT B03AYIllHYIO BaHHY, xomAeHlle OOCHKOM rro rrOJIY B TeqeHHe 10 MJlHYT C rrOCJIe.u.YlOrn;llM 06MhIBaHHeM CTon no YKa3aHHoH BbIllie MeTOHKe H 06CbIxaHHeM ux Ha B03Ayxe. B BbIXO,ZJ;Hble AHli K Ha3BaH- HbIM YTpeHHHM II Be"C.JepHHM 3aK8JIHBalOrn;HM rrpOI.(eAypaM P;OJIjKHbI JJ;06aBJISlTbCSI AJIJlTeJIbHbIe npory JIKll C pOAHTeJISlMli. KaJKAbIH t..IeJIOBeK, B TOM t..Il1CJIe 11 pe6eHOK, HMeeT CBOIO HenOBTO- PHMYIO HHAHBHAyaJIbHYIO KOHCTliTYI.(UIO, IIpe,z:r;CTaBJI.HlOrn;ylO c060ii orrpeAeJIeHHYIO CYMMY MOpOJIOrli"C.JeCKllX 11 YHKUHOHaJIbHbIX CBOHCTB opraHH3Ma. Y 1.JeHhle eI.I.(e R3,z:r;peBJIe CTpeMHJInCb BbIAeJIlfTb THrrbI KOHCTllTYII;lln Ha OCHOBaHHH 0606I.I.(eHlfSI AaHHbIX 0 TeJIOCJIO.iKe- HJlH (COMaTll1.JeCKaSl KOHCTHTYI.(li.H), THrrax BbICIIIeH HepBHOH Ae.HTeJIb- HOCTH llJIli HHhIX rrOKa3a TeneR. Pa3JIll1.JHbIM KOHCTJlTYlUfOHaJIbHbIM THnaM rrpHcyrn;n cBoe06pa3HbIe oc06eHHoCTH. C caMoro pO:>K,ZJ;eHH.H .n;eTu BeAYT ce6H HeoAliHaKoBo. OAHI1 BcerAa crrOKOHHhIe, paBHO,lJ;YIllHbIe, 6e3pa3JIII"C.JHbIe, Pyrne XOT.H II crrOKOHHbIe, HO ocTaTo"C.JHo CJlJIbHO pearlipYIOT Ha JII060e .HBJIeHJle lfJIli c06bITHe, TpeThM caMOCTO.HTeJIhHbI, HO He CJJ,ep:>KaHHbl, pa3Apa:>KHTeJIbHbI, HX peIllHTeJIbHOCTb He BcerAa 06AYMaHHa, "C.JeTBepTbIe HepellIHTeJIbHbI, He YBepeHbI B ce6e. TaRDe rrOBeeHlfe ,u,eTeif orrpe.n;eJISIeTC.H THIIOM HX HepBHOH .n;e.HTeJIhHOCTH. THIIoJIorl.Jt:leCKa.H oc06eHHOCTb BblCllIeH HepB- HOll .u.e.HTeJIbHOCTI1 (TeMIIepaMeHT) Ha"C.JUHaeT OT1.JeTJIHBO rrpOHBJISlThCSI B AOIIIKOJIbHOM B03paCTe. B COOTBeTCTBHH C Y1.JeHlIeM KPYIIHeHIllero . OTe1.JeCTBeHHoro <plf3liOJIOra I1. II. fIaBJIOBa TlirrbI BbICIlleH HepBHOH AeSlTeJIbHOCTH orrpeAeJIHIOTCSI B3alIMOOTHOIlleHlieM CHJIbI, ypaBHo- BeIlleHHOCTH II rro,nBli:>KHOCTli HepBHbIX rrpou;eCCOB. B 3aBllCHMOCTli OT liX BbIpameHHOCTli pa3JII.ft:la1OT 4 Tlfrra BbIclIIell HepBHofl .n;e.HTeJIb- HOCTli. IIepBbIH - CI1JIbHbIH, YP8BHoBeIlleHHbIii, OrrTHMaJIbHO B03- 6y.u;llMbIM (caHrBHHll1.JeCKHH), xapaKTepli3yeTC.H TeM, 'liTO Bce OT- JJ;eJIbl M03ra YHKUHOHHPYIOT cor JIaCOB8HHO, rapMOHI1'tIHO, YCJIOBHble peJIeKCbI 06pa3YIOTCH 6bICTpO, AOCTaT01.JHO YCTOH1.JHBhI. eTli C T8KHM TllIIOM HepBHOH Ae.HTeJIbHOCTH :>KHBbIe, IIO,lJ;BlljKHbIe, mli3Hepa.n;OCTHbIe, 6blCTpO Ha qHHaIOT rOBopHTb. BTOpO:H - CliJIbHbIH, 0l1THM8JIbHO B03- 6y JJ;HMbIH, ypaBHoBeIlleHHO-MeAJIJlTenbHbIll (<pJIerMa TJl1.JeCKHll). eT.HM C JI,aHHbIM THrrOM HepBHOH Ae.HTeJIbHOCTli CBOllCTBeHHbl HeB03MYTll- MOCTb, 3aMeJI,JIeHHOe, HO CI1JIbHOe pearJlpOBaHHe, MeAJIeHHOe, HO I1pO'tIHOe aarrOMHHaHHe. TpeTliH - CllJIbHbIH, rrOBbIIlleHHO B036YAH- Mblll, 6e3Y JJ,ep:>KHbIH (XOJIepH1.JeCKHH). ,lI;eTll C TaKUM TlirrOM HepBHOR AeSlTeJIbHOCTli HeypaBHoBemeHHbIe, cyeT JIJlBbIe, HeCAepmaHHble, BCrrbIJIbt.:lliBble, YCJIOBHbIe peJIeKCbI y HIIX 06paaYIOTC.H 6bICTpO, HO OHH HeYCTORt.:IHBbI. Y"C.JaTCSI TaKHe .n;eTJI XOpOlliO. Y AeTeR C "C.JeTBepTbIM - CJIa6bIM, IIOHl1>KeHHO Boa6y JJ;HMbIM - TnrrOM HepBHoii ,z:r;eSITeJIbHOCTH (MeJIaHXOJIllQeCKliM) OTMe1.JaIOTCH 6bICTpa.H YTOMJI.HeMOCTb, HeAOCTa- TOt..lHaH aKTHBHOCTb BHliMaHll.H, HeBepHe B CBon ClIJIb!. IIpn opraHH3aIJ,llJl BocrrllTaTeJIbHOrO rrpou;ecca He06xo,n;lIMO Y"C.JliTbI- Ba Tb pa3JIJlQHble THIIbI HepBHOH AeSlTeJIbHOCTJI AeTeii. 229 
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HJiM rrOCTapaTbCH YCKOPliTb pa3BliTHe Y pe6eHKa llIKOJIbHO Heo6xo.n;H- MbIX <PYHKlJ,Hit. rOTOBI1Tb K illKOJIe Heo6xOAliMO BCeX AeTeM, H rrpemAe BCerO TeX, KOTopbIe He nOCell1aalOT .n;OIllKOJIbHbIX Y1.IpemAeHnM. CneH- aJIHCTbI COBeTYIOT rrpHcTyrraTb K emeAHeBHbIM 3aHSITHSIM C pe6eHKOM, KaK TOJIbKO eMY HCrrOJIHHTCSI 5 JIeT. HamHo, QT06bI 3aHSITHSI 6bIJIH 'lfMeHHO eme.n;HeBHbIMH, KaK B III KOJIe. .B rrpoecce rrOArOTOBKH pe6eHKa K IllKOJIe CJIeAyeT pa3BliBaTb pa3Hoo6pa3Hble BIDKeHR.H KRCTe:H H naJIblI-eB PYRIi, 6e3 1.Iero 6y.u.eT TPY HO OCBOHTb nHCbMO. .n;JIH 3Toro pe6eHKa He06xo.n;HMO rrpo.n;OJI>Ka Tb 06Y1.IaTb pHCOBaHRIO, aKKypaTHOMY H 1.IeTKOMY paCKpallIHBaHHIO Kap- THHOK, nepepliCOBbIBaHliIO. IIoJIe3Ho CTliMY JUlpOBa Tb pliCOBaHHe C HaTypbl. nYCTb MaJIblW pHcyeT Bce, 1.ITO rrOCKameT eMY <paHTa3H.H. )];eTcKHM PHCYHOK HBJISIeTC.H rrOKa3aTeJIeM 3peJIOCTH H caMoro pe6eHKa, Hero KliCTH. C IIOMOI..IJ;blO pHCYHKa OH BbIpamaeT CBOH 3MOlJ,HH, Ha6JIIO,n;eHHH, MbICJIH. K Ha 1.IaJIY UIKOJIbHOrO 06YQeHIUI AeTH, PHCYSI qeJIOBeKa, )J;OJImHbI caMH (6e3 rrOACKa3KH) OTpa3HTb Bce rrO)J.po6HOCTH 11 eTaJIH CTpoeHlISI ero TeJIa. CxeMY H306pameHHH TeJIa qeJIOBeKa 1iI3 6 3JIeMeHTOB (rOJIOBa, TYJIOBIUe, PYKH H HorH) OHli OCBaHBaIOT npHMepHO K 4-5 rOAaM, a Ha 6-M ro.n;y ,n;OJImHbI YMeTb 1l306pa3HTb H MeJIKHe AeTaJIH (BOJIOCbl, YIIIH, r JIa3a, HOC, pOT, naJIblJ,bI). CJIO>KHble MeJIKHe ,u;BHmeHH.H KIiCTen n naJIblI-eB XOpOlliO P83BH- BalOTCH rrpH KorrHpOBKe HarrHcaHHhIX 6YKB. Kor)J.a pe6eHOK pRcyeT, paCKpalliliBaeT, nepepHCOBbIBaeT, He06xo)J;HMO CJIe)J;HTb, qT06bl OH npa- BHJIbHO ,u;epmaJI KapaHAaIll, 4>JIOMaCTep, KHCT01.IKY. 01.IeHb nOJIe3HO JIerrHTb H3 rrJIaCTHJIHHa, BbIpe3aTb H3 6YMarH HJIH KapTOHa H C no- MOI.IJ;blO KJIe.H MaCTepHTb pa3JIHQHbIe rrpe)J;MeTbl, <PHrYPKH, Bblpe3aTb Jl3 CJIOmeHHOM B HeCKOJIbKO C.TIOeB 6YMarH KpymeBHbIe CaJI<peTKH, eJIaTb 6YMamHble Kopa6JIHKH J{JIH CaMOJIeTHKH, nepeBo.n;HTb KapTHH- KH. HOmHHlJ,bI, KOTOpbIMH nOJIb3yeTcH pe6eHOR, AOJIatHbI HMeTb 3a- KPyrJIeHHbIe KOHlJ,bI, XOT.H II 6bITb AOCTaTO'lHO OCTpbIMH. He MeHee BamHoe 3HaQeHHe HMeeT HaKJIeHBaHHe, BbIrrHJIHBaHlfe, BbIllIHBaHlfe, BSl3aHHe KpI01.IKOM, npHIllJ1BaHHe rryroBHJJ;, TO eCTb BbIrrOJIHeHHe pa3- JIH1.IHbIX MeJIKHX TpYOBbIX orrepaU;HM. eJIeC006pa3HO 3aHliMaTbCSI H KOHcTpynpoBaHHeM H3 MeJIKOrO CTpOHTeJIbHOrO MaTepnaJIa. CrrelJ,HaJIHCTbI peKoMeHAYIOT 1- 2 pa3a B He)J.eJIIO rrpOBOAHTb 3a- HHTH.H no CnelJ,HaJIbHOH norOTOBKe PYKH K rrnCbMY. He Ha.u.o Y1.IHTb nHca Tb 6YKBbI HJIH 1.(H<PPbI. Pe6eHoK .n;OJImeH YCBOHTb C rrOMOllt.blO HarrHCaHH.H OTeJIbHbIX IiX 3JIeMeHTOB ABHmeHHH rraJIbJJ;eB H KHcTeM. TaKHe 3aHHTHH O)J;HOBpeMeHHO 6YAYT BOCTIHTbIBaTb BHHMaHHe, cocpe- AOT01.IeHHOCTb, YCIIA'lnBOCTb, TO eCTb Te Ka 1.IeCTBa, KOTopbIe rroTpe6YIOT- C.H OT pe6eHKa B IlIKOJIe. BH8'l8JIe MaJIbIIllY CJIeyeT nOKa38Tb, K8K AOJImHbI BHraTbCSI npH BblrrOJIHeHHH AaHHoro 3JIeMeHTa naJIblJ,bI Ii KliCTb, 3aTeM oTpa60TaTb C HHM 3TH ABHJKeHH.H B B03Ayxe, nOTOM npeAJIOJKHTb nepepHCOBa Tb 3TOT 3JIeMeHT no rrYHKTnpHbIM JIHHIUIM, 3apaHee rrOArOTOBJIeHHbIM B3pOCJIbIM. He06xOAHMO HMeTb B BHAY, 'ITO 5-6-JIeTHHll: pe6eHOK He MomeT rrncaTb HerrpepbIBHO 60JIee 3 MHHYT. qepea KaJKAbIe 2-3 MMHYTbI HymeH nepepbIB AJISI OTAbIX8 H <PH3RY JIbTypbI )J;JUI KHCTen H rraJIbu;eB, KOTopbIe peKoMeHyeTcH nOOqepeAHO CJKHMaTb If pa3JKIIMaTb. 235 
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